stand

  基本词汇  
[stænd]     [stænd]    
  • v. 站立;忍受;位于;停滞
  • n. 站立;货摊;停顿;看台
stander stood stood standing stands
new

stand的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. (使)站立,站起来,站着
  2. 忍受, 经得起,容忍,(忍)耐,顶住,受得起
  3. 停滞,停止
  4. 位于,在,坐落
  5. 处于某种状态
  6. 竖放,竖起,竖立,(使)立起
  7. 支持
  8. 采取某种态度
  9. 沉积
  10. 取特定航向
  11. <主英>竞选
  12. 抵抗
  13. 站住,站定
  14. 弄直
  15. 坚持
  16. 接受
  17. 是...
  18. <美>(短时间)停车
  19. 仍有效,仍未变
  20. 面对,面临
  21. <口>请...吃...,付...的帐
  22. 承担...任务
n. (名词)
  1. 看台(观众),台,讲台
  2. 立场,态度
  3. 站立,起立
  4. 停止
  5. 货摊
  6. 停车处,停车场
  7. 立定
  8. 停留
  9. <美>法院证人席
  10. 静止
  11. 地位, 位置

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 站立,(使)直立,站着 (cause to) have, take or keep an upright position
  2. vi. 坐落,被放置 be placed
  3. vi. 维持原状,保持效力 remain unchanged; remain valid
  4. vi. 停着 remain in the same place
  5. vi. 处于某种状态 be in a certain condition or situation
  6. vi. 高度为 … have a specified height
  7. vt. 竖放 rest in a position, especially upright
  8. vt. 忍耐; 忍受; 经得起,受得起 endure; bear; be patient with
n. (名词)
  1. [S] 立脚点,站立 position, taken up; act or instance of standing
  2. [C] 台,座 small piece of furniture
  3. [C] 售货处,摊 structure from which goods are sold; area or structure where things are displayed, exhibited, advertised, etc.
  4. [P] 看台,观众席 large, usually sloping, structure at a sports ground,racecourse, etc., with rows of seats for spectators
  5. [S] 主张,立场 a fixed public decision or opinion
  6. [S] 中止,停顿 halt or standstill
  7. [C] 抵抗,抵御 resistance to attack

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a support or foundation;

    "the base of the lamp"

  2. the position where a thing or person stands

  3. a growth of similar plants (usually trees) in a particular area;

    "they cut down a stand of trees"

  4. a small table for holding articles of various kinds;

    "a bedside stand"

  5. a support for displaying various articles;

    "the newspapers were arranged on a rack"

  6. an interruption of normal activity

  7. a mental position from which things are viewed;

    "we should consider this problem from the viewpoint of the Russians"
    "teaching history gave him a special point of view toward current events"

  8. a booth where articles are displayed for sale

  9. a stop made by a touring musical or theatrical group to give a performance;

    "a one-night stand"

  10. tiered seats consisting of a structure (often made of wood) where people can sit to watch an event (game or parade)

  11. a platform where a (brass) band can play in the open air

  12. a defensive effort;

    "the army made a final stand at the Rhone"

Verb:
  1. be standing; be upright;

    "We had to stand for the entire performance!"

  2. be in some specified state or condition;

    "I stand corrected"

  3. occupy a place or location, also metaphorically;

    "We stand on common ground"

  4. hold one's ground; maintain a position; be steadfast or upright;

    "I am standing my ground and won't give in!"

  5. put up with something or somebody unpleasant;

    "I cannot bear his constant criticism"
    "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"
    "he learned to tolerate the heat"
    "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"

  6. have or maintain a position or stand on an issue;

    "Where do you stand on the War?"

  7. remain inactive or immobile;

    "standing water"

  8. be in effect; be or remain in force;

    "The law stands!"

  9. be tall; have a height of; copula;

    "She stands 6 feet tall"

  10. put into an upright position;

    "Can you stand the bookshelf up?"

  11. withstand the force of something;

    "The trees resisted her"
    "stand the test of time"
    "The mountain climbers had to fend against the ice and snow"

  12. be available for stud services;

    "male domestic animals such as stallions serve selected females"

stand的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I don't think the chair is firm enough to stand on.
    我觉得这椅子不够稳固,不能站人。
  2. I twisted my ankle, and I couldn't stand up.
    我的脚踝扭伤,简直无法站起来。
  3. She is funny, but I can't stand her.
    她滑稽,但我无法忍受她。
  4. Several pine trees stand erect on the hillside.
    几棵青松挺立在山坡上。
  5. The car stood at the traffic lights for a few moments, then moved off.
    那辆汽车在交通灯前停了一会儿,然后驶去了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He took his stand near the window.
    他站在窗旁。
  2. He set up a stand on the market.
    他在市场上设了个摊床。
  3. They made a stand and took a rest.
    他们停下来休息一下。
  4. Hundreds of people were squeezed up against each other in one corner of the stand.
    数百人挤在看台的一角。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. There are no seats, we'll have to stand.
    没有座位,我们只好站着。
  2. He was too weak to stand.
    他身体太弱,站不起来。
  3. Will volunteers please stand?
    请自愿者站起来好吗?
  4. The rule still stands.
    本规则依然有效。
  5. Let the words stand.
    不要改动这些字。
  6. The agreement must stand.
    这合约必须维持现状。
  7. United, we stand; divided, we fall.
    我们团结则存,分裂则亡。
  8. For my own claim,I let it stand for some time.
    至于我自己的要求,一时我还不想提出来。
  9. We are determined to let our ground stand.
    我们有决心把我们的立场坚持下去。
  10. The play is unfit for the stage as it stands.
    剧本目前这个样子是不适合上演的。
  11. She stood unsuccessfully in the local elections.
    她在地方选举中落选了。
  12. He stood looking over my shoulder.
    他站起来从我的肩头望过去。
  13. Don't stand there arguing about it.
    不要站在那儿争论此事。
  14. The man stood there looking at a picture.
    那人站在那儿,看着一幅画。
S+~+to- v
  1. You stand to make a lot of money from this deal.
    你做这笔交易准能赚很多钱。
  2. If this new law passed, we stand to lose our tax advantage.
    如果这一新法律得到通过,我们就会失去在税务上的好处。
There+~+S+A
  1. There stands at the centre of the square the Monument to the People's Heroes.
    广场中央矗立着人民英雄纪念碑。
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. He stood four feet nine inches.
    他身高4英尺9英寸。
  2. The building stands over 200 feet high.
    这栋大楼高200余英尺。
  3. The bus stands 50 people.
    这辆公共汽车能站下50个人。
  4. We organized ourselves into armed groups and stood guard day and night.
    我们组织成武装小组,昼夜站岗。
  5. They often stood sentry on snowy nights.
    他们常常在雪夜放哨。
S+~+ adj./v -ed
  1. Can a nation stand alone?
    一个国家能孤立独处吗?
  2. Hercules stood alone in strength.
    赫尔克里斯力大无比。
  3. They stood firm in their demand for friendship with China.
    他们坚决要求和中国友好。
  4. The emergency services stand ready to help if necessary.
    紧急救援处随时可以支援。
  5. The same remark stands good.
    这句话仍然有效。
  6. The enemy attacked fiercely, but our men stood firm.
    敌人猛烈地进攻,但我们的战士坚守阵地。
  7. In spite of the unions' efforts to defeat the new wage and price controls, the government is standing firm.
    尽管工会力图打破新颁布的控制工资和物价的法规,政府却一直坚持。
  8. He stands high in the public estimation.
    他在公众中声望很高。
  9. He stands first on the honour list.
    他在光荣榜上名列第一。
  10. Their plot now stood revealed.
    他们的阴谋现在暴露了。
  11. I stand corrected.
    我接受指正。
S+~+ prep. -phrase
  1. They stand in danger of a lawsuit.
    他们有被起诉的危险。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Stand the pole there.
    把柱子竖在那里吧。
  2. Can you stand a coin on its edge?
    你能把一枚硬币立着放吗?
  3. He stands his ground.
    他坚持己见。
  4. I cannot stand that man; he talks too much.
    我忍受不了那个人,他话太多了。
  5. When he could stand it no longer, he rose abruptly to his feet.
    他再也忍不住了,忽然站起身来。
  6. She says she will stand no nonsense.
    她说她不能容忍愚蠢的行为。
  7. They stood the test of natural calamity.
    他们经受了自然灾害的挑战。
  8. How can you stand that noise?
    你怎么能忍受那种噪音呢?
S+~+to- v
  1. Well, we cannot stand to hear such fallacies any more.
    可是,我们再也受不了去听这些谬论了。
  2. Could you stand to go there tomorrow?
    你明天再去那儿一次受得了吗?
S+~+(sb's/sb) v -ing
  1. He can't stand travelling in the rush-hour.
    他受不了在交通最繁忙时出游。
  2. I couldn't stand going hungry any longer.
    我饿得受不住了。
  3. She cannot stand having nothing to do.
    没有事干她受不了。
  4. I want a walk,I can't stand sitting about.
    我要散散步,坐着我真受不了。
  5. It will stand firing up to 1000℃.
    它能经得住高达1000℃的火烧。
  6. He can't stand being laughed at.
    他不能忍受别人的嘲笑。
  7. I won't stand your talking to me like that.
    我不容许你那样跟我讲话。
  8. I can't stand his interrupting all the time.
    他老是插嘴,真让我受不了。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He stood me a drink.
    他请我喝了一杯。
  2. I'll stand you a dinner.
    我来请你们吃一顿饭。
  3. She was kind enough to stand us a meal.
    她慷慨地请我们吃了顿饭。
  4. If you come,I'll stand you lunch.
    你如果来,我就请你吃午饭。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. He stood lunch for the three of us.
    他请我们三个人吃午饭。
  2. I'll stand dinner for you if I'm wrong.
    我要是错了就请你吃饭。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He took his stand near the window.
    他站在窗口附近。
  2. The guard took up his stand at the gate.
    卫兵到大门口站岗。
  3. The traffic policeman took his stand at the crossroads.
    交通警察在十字路口站岗。
  4. His feet ached from the two-hour stand.
    他站了两个小时,双脚都站痛了。
  5. He made a sudden stand.
    他突然站住了。
  6. The business is at a stand.
    生意萧条。
  7. In February 1916 the French Army made a stand at Verdun.1916
    年2月法国军队在凡尔登进行了抵抗。
  8. What is the president's stand on disarmament?
    总统对裁军抱什么态度?
  9. His stand toward the matter has not changed.
    他对这个问题的立场没有改变。
  10. We will never change this firm stand of ours.
    我们永远也不会改变我们这一坚定立场。
  11. Put your hat on the hat stand.
    把帽子放在衣帽架上。
  12. Is there any way to utilize this old bus as a hot-dog stand?
    能不能把这辆旧公共汽车改装成一个卖热狗的摊点?
  13. The mayor sat on the reviewing stand at the parade.
    队伍游行时,市长坐在检阅台上。
  14. The crowd in the stands cheered the winning team.
    看台上的人群向获胜队发出欢呼声。
  15. He sent the ball into the stands.
    他把球踢到看台上去了。
  16. We watched the baseball game from the stands.
    我们从看台上观看棒球赛。
  17. The witness duly arrived and was put on the stand.
    证人按时到庭,被传到证人席上。
  18. Will the next witness please take the stand?
    请下一位证人上证人席作证。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
stand about〔around〕( v.+adv. )
    闲站 stand idly in a particular area
    stand about〔around〕

    Don't stand about doing nothing.

    别光站着,什么也不干。

    The unemployed men were just standing around with their hands in their pockets.

    那些失业的人只是两手插在衣袋里呆站着。

stand against( v.+prep. )
    反对… oppose (sth)
    stand against sth

    The ladder stood against the wall, making it easy for the thieves to enter the house.

    那梯子就靠在墙上,使窃贼轻易地进了房子。

    stand sb/sth against sth

    Stand the ladder against the wall.

    把梯子靠在墙上。

    The prisoner was stood against the wall and shot.

    他们让犯人靠墙站着,枪毙了他。

    stand against sth

    The church tower stood against the sky like a finger pointing towards heaven.

    教堂的尖塔在天空的映衬下宛如指向天空的手指。

    stand against sth

    Some people stood against the project.

    有些人反对这项工程。

stand apart( v.+adv. )
    使自己离开,把自己隔离开 keep oneself separate (from others)
    stand apart

    There was one boy rather noticeably standing apart from the other children.

    有个男孩引人注目地独自站在一边,不接近其他孩子。

stand aside( v.+adv. )
    站到一边 stand out of the way
    stand aside

    Stand aside and let us past!

    闪开,让我们过去!

    He just stood aside and allowed it to happen.

    他冷眼旁观。

    I hope you don't expect me just to stand aside and allow this.

    我希望你别指望我站在一边不管。

    He stood aside meekly when the new policy was proposed.

    当有人提出新政策时,他唯唯诺诺地站在一旁。

stand back( v.+adv. )
    靠后站,避开 stand to the rear
    stand back

    The policeman asked the spectators to stand well back.

    警察要求旁观者靠后站。

    The artist stood back from the portrait to judge the general balance of the composition.

    画家往后退几步,审视画像的整个布局是否协调。

stand behind( v.+prep. )
    支持 support
    stand behind sb

    We've got to stand behind them in this struggle.

    在这一斗争中,我们必须支持他们。

stand by1( v.+adv. )
    准备行动,待命 be ready for actionThe soldiers have been ordered to stand by.士兵们奉命准备行动。
stand by2( v.+prep. )
    信守诺言 keep one's promise〔说明〕 stand by作此解时通常不用于被动结构。
    stand by sb

    He is sure to stand by you in this matter.

    这件事他一定帮助你。

    One who stands by you in times of trouble is your true friend.

    困难时帮助你的人才是真正的朋友。

    stand by sth

    Stand by your word.

    要守信用。

    My teacher is a man who stands by his promises.

    我的老师是一位信守诺言的人。

stand down( v.+adv. )
    解除戒备状态,恢复正常执勤 come off〔take off〕 the alert; return to normal dutiesHe ordered the men to stand down.他命令士兵解除戒备状态。
stand for( v.+prep. )
    〈口〉容忍,容许 tolerate or accept sth〔说明〕 stand for作此解时通常不用于进行体。
stand in( v.+adv. )
    代替 take the place of sb
    stand in

    She is standing in tonight.

    她今晚值替班。

    They are standing in while the others are unable to take part.

    当别人不能参加时,他们就去代替。

stand in for( v.+adv.+prep. )
    代替 replace, substitute oneself for
    stand in for sb

    He said he would stand in for me any time.

    他说他随时都能替我。

    Will you stand in for me at today's meeting?

    今天的会议你代替我出席好吗?

stand in with( v.+adv.+prep. )
    〈非正〉合谋,联合 be in conspiracy with sb; be associated with sb
    stand in with sb

    He stands in with those people.

    他跟那些人勾结。

    Nobody would like to stand in with enemy.

    没有人愿意和敌人勾结。

    Let me stand in with you if it is expensive.

    如果贵的话,我来同你分担。

    The little girl stands in with the teacher.

    这个小姑娘为老师所喜欢。

stand off( v.+adv. )
    疏远,保持一定距离 keep or stay at a distance
    stand off

    The ships stood off and waited for orders.

    船只驶离岸边待命。

    The two fleets were standing off from each other.

    这两个舰队互相保持一定距离。

stand out( v.+adv. )
    坚持 hold out; continue resisting
    stand out

    The stonework stands out from the rest of the wall.

    墙上的石工部分突出。

    He is a tall, distinguished-looking man who stands out in any crowd.

    他高高的身材,堂堂的仪表,在任何场合都显得格外突出。

    The bold print stands out very well.

    黑体字非常醒目。

    Her bright red hair made her stand out from the others.

    她那亮红色的秀发使她格外显眼。

    stand out

    He stands out in everything he does.

    无论干什么事,他都干得很出色。

    Her talents stand out in comparison with the others.

    她的天分比其他人都高。

    stand out

    Stand out!

    出列!

    He ordered the soldier to stand out.

    他命令那个士兵出列。

    stand out

    The garrison will stand out for some time.

    守卫部队能坚持一段时间。

    stand out against sth

    He says he will stand out against this oppression.

    他说他要坚持反抗这种压迫。

    stand out for sth

    The workers are standing out for higher wages and better conditions.

    工人们正在坚持争取提高工资和改善生活条件。

stand over1( v.+adv. )
    延缓 delay
    stand over

    There's no urgency about the matter; it can stand over till next week.

    这事并不急,可以延缓到下周处理。

    The project is to stand over till next year.

    这个项目要延缓到明年。

stand over2( v.+prep. )
    监督 supervise
    stand over sb

    I hate having someone standing over me all the time.

    我讨厌别人总监督我。

    He works better when someone is standing over him.

    当有人监督他时,他就工作得好些。

    Unless I stand over him he makes all sorts of mistakes.

    如果我不监督他,他就什么错误都会犯。

stand to1( v.+adv. )
    准备行动 prepare for action
    stand to

    Stand to!

    准备行动!

    He told his men to stand to.

    他告诉他的部下准备行动。

stand to2( v.+prep. )
    不放弃…,坚持… keep firmly to what one believes or is arguing, as in an argument
    stand to sth

    He stands to his opinion.

    他坚持自己的意见。

    He always stands to his promise.

    他总是遵守他的诺言。

    Every one of us should stand to his duty.

    我们每一个人都应当坚守本职。

stand up( v.+adv. )
    〈非正〉失约 fail to appear
    stand sth ⇔ up

    Stand it up over here.

    把它竖在这里。

    He stood the statue up in a corner.

    他把塑像竖在屋角。

    stand up

    He told the men to stand up straight.

    他告诉人们站直。

    Please stand up when we call your name.

    我们叫到你的名字时请起立。

    stand up

    My first bike stood up for more than ten years.

    我的第一辆自行车足足用了十多年。

    How many years will this type of material stand up?

    这种材料可以使用多少年?

    Do you think your car will stand up well under such snowy conditions?

    你认为你的车在积雪的条件下还能耐用吗?

    Of all the theories discussed, only one really stood up.

    在讨论过的这些理论中,只有一种是真正站得住脚的。

    stand sb ⇔ up

    I didn't know whether he had forgotten about the appointment or whether he was standing me up.

    我搞不清楚是他忘了约会,还是他故意爽约。

    Don't stand me up again!

    别再跟我失约了!

    After waiting for two hours, he began to realize that she had stood him up.

    等了两个小时以后,他才意识到她爽约了。

    She often stands her boyfriend up.

    她常失约于男朋友。

stand up for( v.+adv.+prep. )
    坚持 insist on
    stand up for sb/sth

    The teacher blamed him, but his classmates stood up for him.

    老师责备他,但同学们支持他。

    All through the faculty meeting Frank stood up for his friend who was being criticized so severely.

    在全系大会上,法兰克始终维护受到严厉批判的朋友。

    He stands up for women's rights.

    他拥护女权。

    If you don't stand up for your rights, no one else will do it for you.

    如果自己不维护自己的权利,别人是不会替你维护的。

    stand up for sth

    He always stands up for the things in which he believes.

    他认为是对的东西他就坚持。

    Always stand up for your principles.

    要一贯坚持你的原则。

stand up to( v.+adv.+prep. )
    对抗,勇敢地面对 meet or face boldly
    stand up to sb/sth

    Stand up to them!

    跟他们干!

    Don't let people pick on you; just stand up to them.

    不要让人欺负你,而要顶住他们。

    We should stand up to the strong enemy.

    我们应该勇敢地面对强敌。

    Why don't you stand up to your boss when you know you're right?

    你明知自己对,为什么不同你的老板力争?

    Don't be afraid of difficulties; stand up to them with confidence and you'll succeed.

    不要害怕困难,要有信心,克服困难,你就会成功。

stand with( v.+prep. )
    同…相处,和…站在一起 have a specified relationship with sb/sth; agree with sb/sth
    stand with sb/sth

    Do you stand well with your boss?

    你同上司相处得好吗?

    I don't know how I stand with her.

    我不知道她对我有什么看法。

    We will stand together with all the countries and people that love peace and uphold justice.

    我们一定要同爱好和平坚持正义的国家和人民站在一起。

用作名词 (n.)
make a stand against
    对抗…,反对… defy; resist
make a stand for
    捍卫…,替…辩护 defend
put〔bring〕 to a stand
    使中止〔停止〕,使困惑〔迟疑〕 cause to pause〔stop〕; cause to be puzzled
    put〔bring〕 sb/sth to a stand

    There's one point, however, that put me to a stand.

    不过,有一个问题使我感到迷惑。

    The war brought all foreign trade to a stand.

    这场战争使一切对外贸易都停止了。

take a stand on
    表明态度 positively state one's point of view

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • But by Heaven..! If you coulds. Here he made a full Stand.

    出自: Steele
  • He..made a sudden stand.

    出自: Wordsworth
  • He..stood.., stiff and straight-backed.

    出自: G. Greene

stand的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. stand的基本意思是指两足直立站着不动,即“站立”,可以表示从坐着或躺着的状态到站起来的动作,也可以表示一种“站立”的状态。引申还可表示“在某处,位于”“维持现状”“高度为…”“看情形很可能做某事”“不流动”“自己向某人提供某物”“任候选人”“容忍,忍受”等。
  2. stand可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后可接名词、代词、动词不定式或动名词作宾语; stand作“请客”解时还可以接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化成介词for的宾语; 作“站着”解时可接现在分词作状语,表示伴随状态; 作“坚持”“取某种态度”解时可接动词不定式作结果状语。
  3. stand作“处于(状态,处境)”和“身高是,高达”解时可用作系动词,接名词、形容词、过去分词或介词短语作表语。
  4. stand可用在存在句型中作谓语。位于there之后, stand的人称和数与其后的主语一致。
  5. stand作“容忍,忍受”解时,一般只能用在否定句或疑问句中,常与“can not”“could not”“will not”等连用,其后既可接动词不定式,也可接动名词。
  6. stand的过去式和过去分词均为stood。
n. (名词)
  1. stand用作名词的基本意思是“站立,立脚点”,常用作单数形式,引申可作“主张,立场”解,指对一个具体事物表示一种观点或确信无疑的态度,通常这种观点是用言语表达出来的。
  2. stand也可作“看台,观众席”解,常用作复数形式。
  3. stand还可作“台,座”“售货处,摊”“抵抗,抵御”“中止,停顿”“法庭证人席”等解。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
stand reading, read standing
  • 这两者都是带有伴随状语的动词短语,均意为“站着读”,但前者含义是“不是站着干别的事”,后者含义是“不是坐着或躺着读”。试比较:
  • They read standing there.
  • 他们读着,站在那儿。
  • They stood reading there.
  • 他们站在那儿读着。
  • stand, bear, endure, put up with, suffer, tolerate
  • 参见bear条。
  • stand, stick
  • 这两个词都可表示“容忍”。其区别是:
  • stick只能用在否定句或疑问句中; 而stand可用于肯定句中。例如:
  • I can stand a certain amount of foolery, but too much of it annoys me.一定限度的愚蠢行为我能容忍,但是太过分了我也会生气。
  • I can't stick people who are always boasting of their own merits.我不喜欢那些总是吹嘘自己的人。
  • stand, be situated, lie, nestle
  • 这组词(组)都可表示地理位置中的“位于”,其区别在于:
  • 1.lie用于海、湖、都市、道路等平坦宽阔的地方。
  • 2.be situated侧重地理位置或环境。例如:
  • The village is situated in a valley.村庄坐落在山谷中。
  • 3.stand常用于建筑物,多想象为主体的体积。例如:
  • The house stands by the wayside.房子坐落在路边。
  • 4.nestle的意思是“半隐半现地坐落在…之中”。例如:
  • The country house nestles among the pine trees.这个别墅半隐半现地位于松林之中。
  • n. (名词)
    stand, attitude, policy, position, posture
  • 这五个词的共同意思是“立场”“态度”。其区别在于:stand用于表明某人的观点、立场时常用个人感情色彩,虽然它并不排除这种感情是建立在理智或理性基础之上的; attitude表示个人或团体的感情色彩,而这种感情往往是不明说的或不明确的; policy指某人估计其要求、利益、目标或原则之后而制定的一种明确的信念结构形式,也可指行为的一般准则; position则指较冷静和克制的态度,经常用于指人在经过长时间的深思熟虑之后作出的决定; posture指确切的军事部署。例如:
  • In the temperance question,Mr. Dent takes his stand on total abstinence.在戒酒问题上,登特先生是采取滴酒不沾的立场的。
  • His attitude towards her amounted to loathing.他对她的态度简直就是厌恶。
  • My position on civil liberties is well known.我对人权自由的立场是众所周知的。
  • It's a bad policy to lend money to unemployed friends.把钱借给失业的朋友是不太聪明的做法。
  • The government adopted an uncompromising posture on the issue of independence.政府在独立这一问题上采取了毫不妥协的态度。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      他无法忍受别人如此对待他。

      He can't stand treating like that.

      He can't stand being treated like that.

      stand表示“忍受”时,是及物动词,可接名词或动名词作宾语。动名词表达的动作有被动意义时,须用动名词的被动形式。

      我妻子的身体经受不起这种又冷又潮的气候。

      My wife's health will not stand up for this cold damp climate.

      My wife's health will not stand up to this cold damp climate.

      stand up to是固定短语,表示“经得起”“经受住”; stand up for则表示“维护”“支持”。

      他忍受不了英国的鬼天气。

      He doesn't stand that horrible English climate.

      He can't stand that horrible English climate.

      一般用can't〔couldn't〕 stand表示“不能忍受…”,不用don't〔doesn't〕 stand。

      不要怕,不管发生什么事,我都会支持你的。

      No matter what happens I'll stand you by, so don't be afraid.

      No matter what happens I'll stand by you, so don't be afraid.

      stand by是习惯用法,表示“支持…”。这里的by是介词,不是副词,宾语须置于介词by之后。

      新来的人提出请我们喝酒。

      The newcomer offered to stand us to a drink.

      The newcomer offered to stand us a drink.

      The newcomer offered to treat us to a drink.

      表示“请客(喝酒、吃饭)”可以说 stand sb a drink〔a dinner〕,也可以说treat sb to a drink〔a dinner〕,不可说stand sb to a drink〔a dinner〕。

      站稳点,不要让他们把你推来推去。

      Stand firmly; don't let them push you around.

      Stand firm; don't let them push you around.

      stand firm是固定说法,作“站稳”“坚定不屈”解。不可说stand firmly。

      他不可能考试及格。

      He doesn't stand a chance to passing the examination.

      He doesn't stand a chance of passing the examination.

      stand a chance是固定短语,表示“有机会”“有可能”,后面常接“of v -ing”结构,表示“(大)有…的希望”或“很有…的可能”。

      白底衬着红色特别醒目。

      Red stands out in a white background.

      Red stands out against a white background.

      汤姆在人群中显得非常高。

      Tom was very tall and stood up in the crowd.

      Tom was very tall and stood out in the crowd.

      表示“(在…衬托下)显得突出或轮廓鲜明”时,须用stand out against...结构; 表示“(在人群里)显得突出或引人注目”时,则用stand out in...的结构。

      他明白当时情况的严重性。

      He could see what matters stood.

      He could see how matters stood.

      stand表示“某事处于某种状况”,是不及物动词。how是关系副词,在句中作stood的状语,不可说what matters stood。

      老师要这个男孩立正站好。

      The teacher asked the boy to stand at his attention.

      The teacher asked the boy to stand at attention.

      表示“立正”可说stand at attention,不可说stand at one's attention。

      他家在山冈上。

      His house stands up on a hill.

      His house stands on a hill.

      这里stand意为“站在,存在于…”,不需用up; stand up的意思是“站起来”,强调动作。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的standan;最初源自原始日耳曼语的sta-n-d,意为笔直站立。
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