permit

  核心词汇  
[pə'mɪt]     [pər'mɪt]    
  • n. 许可证;执照
  • v. 允许;许可
permittee permitted permitted permitting permits
new

permit的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 许可证;准许证;特许证;执照
  2. 许可;准许;允许
  3. 准单
  4. 通行证
  5. 授权
  6. 【鱼】大鲹
v. (动词)
  1. 允许,许可,准许,容许,默许
  2. 答应,同意
  3. 放任,听任,容忍
  4. 使可能
  5. 承认
  6. 给以机会
  7. 使放手做
  8. 使破例做
  9. 交出,交托

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 允许; 许可 allow
n. (名词)
  1. [C]许可 giving permission for sth
  2. [C]许可证,执照 an official written statement giving one the right to do sth

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a legal document giving official permission to do something

  2. the act of giving a formal (usually written) authorization

  3. large game fish; found in waters of the West Indies

Verb:
  1. consent to, give permission;

    "She permitted her son to visit her estranged husband"
    "I won't let the police search her basement"
    "I cannot allow you to see your exam"

  2. make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen;

    "This permits the water to rush in"
    "This sealed door won't allow the water come into the basement"
    "This will permit the rain to run off"

  3. allow the presence of or allow (an activity) without opposing or prohibiting;

    "We don't allow dogs here"
    "Children are not permitted beyond this point"
    "We cannot tolerate smoking in the hospital"

permit的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. You can't work here without a work permit.
    你没有许可证就不能在这里工作。
  2. He said that if he had a permit he could get a job.
    他说如果他有执照就能找到工作。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I'll come after the meeting if time permits.
    如果时间许可的话,我开完会就来。
  2. You are not permitted to smoke here.
    此处不许吸烟。
  3. The rules of the club do not permit smoking.
    这个俱乐部的规章不允许吸烟。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I would like to do it with you, but I am not sure whether my parents permit.
    我愿意和你一起做,但不知我父母是否允许。
  2. We'll go, weather permitting.
    天气许可的话,我们就走。
  3. Weather permitting, we will go outing.
    天气好的话,我们就去郊游。
  4. Time permitting, we'll visit the Summer Palace.
    时间允许的话,我们将游览颐和园。
  5. We will also do Exercise Ⅲ if time permits.
    如果时间允许,我们还要做练习三。
  6. I will come in June if my health permits.
    如果我的健康状况许可,我6月份一定来。
  7. Where conditions permit, big freezers have been built.
    在条件许可的地方都修建了大型冷藏库。
  8. Such hydropower stations have been set up in all places where conditions permit.
    在条件允许的地方都建立了这样的水电站。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She won't permit dogs in the house.
    她不容许狗在家里。
  2. I don't permit cats in my kitchen!
    我不容许猫进我的厨房。
  3. We will have our meeting here, if you permit us.
    如果你允许的话,我们的会就在这里开。
  4. Papa would not permit the waste of a single drop of water.
    爸爸不允许浪费一滴水。
  5. The addition of a window permits better air circulation.
    增加一扇窗子使空气更加流通。
  6. The task doesn't permit any delay.
    这项任务不允许有任何耽搁。
  7. We must never permit anything of the sort.
    我们绝不容许这样的情况。
  8. How can you permit such insolence?
    你怎能容许如此傲慢?
S+~+(sb's) v -ing
  1. The rules of the club do not permit smoking.
    俱乐部规则规定不许吸烟。
  2. They don't permit scratching paint off the wall.
    他们不许人家刮掉墙上的油漆。
  3. They did not permit my coming here.
    他们不让我来这儿。
  4. My parents didn't permit my going with you.
    我父母不许我和你一道去。
  5. Who permitted their leaving early?
    是谁允许他们早离开的?
  6. Time doesn't permit my staying longer.
    时间不允许我久留。
  7. Circumstances do not permit my going with you.
    情况不允许我和你们一道去。
  8. 1
  9. Smoking is not permitted in the workshops.
    车间里不允许吸烟。
S+~+that-clause
  1. Time does not permit that I stay longer.
    时间不允许我久留。
  2. His illness would not permit that he (should) work hard.
    病魔不允许他从事繁重劳动。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n.
  1. He permitted himself three cigars a day.
    他允许他自己一天抽三支雪茄。
  2. Will you permit me a few words?
    你能允许我说几句话吗?
  3. She permitted herself a smile.
    她自己笑了一下。
  4. You permit your children too much freedom.
    你对孩子们太放纵了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Will you permit me to smoke?
    你允许我吸烟吗?
  2. Her father would not permit her to eat candies.
    她父亲不允许她吃糖果。
  3. She permitted me to borrow the book.
    她允许我借那本书。
  4. Will they permit you to take it home?
    他们会允许你把它带回家吗?
  5. Permit me to introduce myself.
    请允许我作自我介绍。
  6. Permit me to say a few words.
    请允许我说几句话。
  7. Will you permit me to ask a question?
    请你允许我问一个问题好吗?
  8. Who has permitted you to enter the laboratory?
    谁允许你进入实验室的?
  9. We didn't permit him to do so.
    我们不允许他这样做。
  10. Father does not permit us to go to cocktail parties.
    父亲不许我们去参加鸡尾酒会。
  11. Her mother doesn't permit her to stay away at night.
    她母亲不允许她在外过夜。
  12. I can't permit this to happen.
    我不能容许这事发生。
  13. We can't permit this situation to continue.
    我们绝不允许这种情况继续下去。
  14. Circumstances do not permit me to leave.
    情况不允许我离开。
  15. 1
  16. Children are not permitted to see the film.
    不许儿童看那部电影。
  17. She was permitted to visit every place she asked to see.
    她想看的地方,都获准去参观了。
  18. He is permitted to go anywhere.
    他被允许去任何地方。
S+~+ n./pron. + adv./prep. -phrase
  1. The doctor will not permit mother up until her leg is better.
    在母亲的腿好些之前,医生不允许她起床。
  2. Don't permit yourself to fall into dissipation.
    不要放纵自己。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Special permit required.
    需要特别许可。
  2. The building permits are granted by the City Building Department.
    建筑许可证由城建局签发。
  3. You won't get into the research centre without a permit.
    没有通行证这个研究中心你进不去。
  4. You won't get into the Space Center without a permit.
    没有许可证你不能进入航天发射中心。
  5. I haven't got a driving permit.
    我还没有得到驾驶执照。
  6. He has got his permanent residence permit in our country.
    他已获得在我国永久居住的许可证。
~+to- v
  1. The reporters have obtained permits to attend the meeting.
    那些记者已获准出席会议。
  2. The foreign visitor received a special permit to visit this factory.
    那位外国旅游者得到了参观这座工厂的特许。
  3. Have you a permit to fish in the lake?
    你有在这湖钓鱼的许可证吗?
  4. The tourists have to obtain permits to copy and photograph objects in the collections.
    旅游者必须获得对收藏品进行复制和拍照的许可。
  5. We have a permit to export our product.
    我们有产品出口许可证。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
permit into (v.+prep.)
    允许…进入 allow sb to enter somewhere
    permit sb into sth

    Would you permit them into the room for a few minutes to talk to you?

    你能允许他们进来同你谈几分钟话吗?

    Children are not permitted into the cinema without their parents.

    没有家长带领,孩子不准进入电影院。

    We were permitted into the hall five min-utes before the exam.

    我们被允许考试前5分钟进入大厅。

permit (of) (v.+prep.)
    容许,留有余地 admit of
    permit (of) sth/v-ing

    The facts permit of only one interpretation.

    这些事实只能有一种解释。

    The situation does not permit of any delay.

    这种情况不容许有任何耽搁。

    The distance between the two cities was in those days too great to permit of frequent contact.

    这两座城市相距太远,在那时不可能有频繁的接触。

    His health did not permit of staying there.

    他的健康状况不允许他留在那里。

    The facts permit (of) no other explanation.

    事实不容有其他解释。

    His conduct permits (of) no excuse.

    他的行为是不容原谅的。

permit out (v.+adv.)
    允许…出去 give sb permission to go out of doors, leave a room or building, etc.
    permit sb ⇔ out

    The prisoners are permitted out for half an hour's exercise each day.

    每天允许犯人到外面活动半小时。

permit through (v.+adv.)
    允许通过 give sb permission to pass through sth
    permit sb ⇔ through

    The soldiers had orders to permit no stranger through.

    士兵们接到命令不许任何陌生人通过。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • No one's allowed to move..five kilometres without a permit.

    出自: R. C. Hutchinson
  • Unable to get a permit to work in England.

    出自: D. Athill
  • The condition on which I should permit the exercise of their art.

    出自: R. Lynd
  • Even in our Spartan household bronchitic patients were permitted a fire in their bedroom.

    出自: D. Murphy

permit的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. permit的基本意思是指天气、时间、健康状况或某人等允许某人去某处或做某事。既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时, permit常接名词、代词、动名词作宾语,可用于被动结构。permit也可接双宾语,其间接宾语不可转化为介词for或to的宾语。还可接以动词不定式、副词或介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。permit作不及物动词时,意思是“容许”,主要用在状语结构中。
  2. permit of的意思是“允许,有…余地”,是比较正式的用法,常用于否定句。of后可接名词、动名词或that从句(从句中的should可以省略),接“no+ n. ”时of常可省略,接that从句时of须省略。
n. (名词)
  1. permit的基本意思是“许可”,引申可作“执照,许可证,许可”解,指官方正式许可的文件。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
permit, admit, allow, let
  • 1.admit指“允许某人进入”某场地,或加入某组织,含有勉强的意味。例如:
  • She opened the door reluctantly to admit the unwelcome visitor.她很不情愿地把门打开,让不受欢迎的客人进去了。
  • Jack was admitted to the hospital to have his tumour removed.医生收杰克住院切除肿瘤。
  • allow指“允许某人做…”,给予客体执行某任务的权力,或同意某人的要求,和permit同义。它们在许多场合中可以通用。不过两者的意思也有细微差别, allow的意思是“允许”,表示主体有权不阻止、不妨碍或默许某事进行的意思。例如:
  • Playing ball is not allowed in the park.公园内不许打球。
  • Parking is not allowed here.此处不准停车。
  • permit表示给予客体做某事的权力。例如:
  • Time does not permit me to stay longer.时间不容许我在这里多留一会。
  • let含有放任的意味。例如:
  • Tom's parents will not let him swim in the lake.汤姆的父母不让他在湖里游泳。
  • 2.permit 后可接不定式和动名词,但不可接名词从句; let不用动名词作宾语,其宾语后接动词原形。
  • 3.allow还表示客气的请求,可和let通用。例如:
  • Allow me to〔Let me〕 thank you on behalf of our factory.请允许我代表全厂职工向你致谢。
  • permit是书面语,比allow带有更庄重、正式的语言色彩,含有正面的、积极的意义,指“同意某人的要求、给予某人做…的权力”。例如:
  • The facts permit no other explanations.这些事实不容许作其他解释。
  • let 是口头语。例如:
  • We won't let such a thing happen again.我们绝不允许再发生这样的事。
  • permit of, admit of, allow of
  • 这组短语都可以表示“容许,留有…的余地”,多用于否定句,有时也可用于肯定句,三者常可互换,但admit of和permit of的主语多为物质或抽象名词,而allow of的主语间或可以是人。例如:
  • The matter admits of no delay.这事不容耽搁。
  • Your fault doesn't permit of any excuse.你的过失不容争辩。
  • You allow of no chance.你没有机会了。
  • permit, promise
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“允许”。其区别是:
  • permit通常含有积极地、正面地“允许”的意义,例如通过法令或正式条文“允许”某件事; promise 作“答应”解时,含有“保证”之意,指答应或保证自己要做某一件事。例如:
  • He has promised a thorough investigation into the affair.他已经答应彻底查办此事。
  • 下面两个句子的意思相同:
  • Circumstances do not permit me to help you.
  • Circumstances do not permit my helping you.
  • 情况不允许我去帮助你。
  • n. (名词)
    permit, permission
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“许可”。其区别是:
  • permit为官方签发的“通行证,许可证”; permission通常指口头的“许可”。例如:
  • You have my permission to leave.我准许你离开。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      任务紧迫,不容拖延。

      The urgency of the task permits for no delay.

      The urgency of the task permits of no delay.

      permit用作不及物动词表示“容许; 容忍”时,后面须接介词of,不可接for。

      如果天气允许,我们明天去划船。

      Weather permits, we will go boating tomorrow.

      Weather permitting, we will go boating tomorrow.

      If weather permits, we will go boating tomorrow.

      permit用作不及物动词,可表示时间、条件、天气等“允许的话”,此时常用于独立主格结构,即“名词+现在分词”。也可在前面加if,表示条件。

      校长答应简要教训那个男孩,他也这样做了。

      The headmaster permitted Jane to teach the boy a lesson.So he did.

      The headmaster promised Jane to teach the boy a lesson.So he did.

      permit sb to- v 表示不定式的动作是permit的宾语做的,而promise sb to do sth 表示不定式的动作是主语做的。由句意可知,本句应该用promise。

      他允许我留在这儿。

      He permitted for me to stay here.

      He permitted me to stay here.

      permit属及物动词,后接宾语或复合宾语时都不用加介词。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1489年进入英语,直接源自古法语的permetre;最初源自拉丁语的permittere:per (通过) + mittere (放松,送),意为让人通过。
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