observe

  核心词汇  
[əb'zɜːv]     [əb'zɜːrv]    
  • v. 观察;遵守;注意到;庆祝
observingly observed observed observing observes
new

observe的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 观察,观测
  2. 遵守,奉行
  3. 注意到,看到,注意,注视
  4. 庆祝,纪念,庆贺
  5. 监视
  6. 说,陈述意见,评述,简述,评论
  7. 通过观察认识到、知道
  8. 研究
  9. 起观察者的作用
n. (名词)
  1. 言论
  2. 评论

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 看到; 注意到 see and notice; look at with attention
  2. vt. & vi. 观察; 研究 examine carefully; watch carefully; study
  3. vt. 遵守; 遵循 pay attention to rules, etc.; follow in practice; keep
  4. vt. 评论; 评述; 讲 make a remark; say

英英释义

Verb:
  1. discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of;

    "She detected high levels of lead in her drinking water"
    "We found traces of lead in the paint"

  2. make mention of;

    "She observed that his presentation took up too much time"
    "They noted that it was a fine day to go sailing"

  3. observe with care or pay close attention to;

    "Take note of this chemical reaction"

  4. watch attentively;

    "Please observe the reaction of these two chemicals"

  5. show respect towards;

    "honor your parents!"

  6. behave as expected during of holidays or rites;

    "Keep the commandments"
    "celebrate Christmas"
    "Observe Yom Kippur"

  7. follow with the eyes or the mind;

    "Keep an eye on the baby, please!"
    "The world is watching Sarajevo"
    "She followed the men with the binoculars"

  8. stick to correctly or closely;

    "The pianist kept time with the metronome"
    "keep count"
    "I cannot keep track of all my employees"

  9. conform one's action or practice to;

    "keep appointments"
    "she never keeps her promises"
    "We kept to the original conditions of the contract"

observe的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. We have to observe carefully what's going on there.
    我们必须仔细观察那里的动静。
  2. He made a telescope through which he could observe the stars.
    他做了个望远镜,用其观察星座。
  3. All citizens should observe traffic rules.
    每位公民都应该遵守交通规则。
  4. We should observe the proprieties.
    我们应该遵守礼节。
  5. If they have to leave home, they must wear a face mask and observe good personal hygiene.
    若外出,要佩戴口罩,注意个人卫生。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He observes carefully but says little.
    他总是仔细观察,很少说话。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Didn't you observe the difference?
    难道你没有看出差别?
  2. Have you observed anything strange in her words?
    你注意到她的话里有什么奇怪的地方没有?
  3. She has observed the stars all her life.
    她一生都在观察星星。
  4. The far side of the moon is difficult for us to observe.
    我们难以观察到月亮的另一面。
  5. What he observed confirmed his judgement.
    他观察到的现象证实了他的判断。
  6. The scientist observed the behaviour of the mice after they were given the drug.
    那个科学家给老鼠下了药之后注意观察它们的行为。
  7. They faithfully observed the rules.
    他们忠实地遵守规则。
  8. Let's observe a minute's silence in memory of the dead.
    让我们为死者静默一分钟。
  9. Do they observe Christmas Day in that country?
    那个国家的人过圣诞节吗?
  10. How many holidays do we observe a year?
    我们一年过多少个节假日?
  11. 1
  12. The speed limit must be strictly observed.
    最高限速必须严格遵守。
S+~+that-clause
  1. We observed that it had turned cloudy.
    我们注意到天已经变阴了。
  2. He observed that it had suddenly grown much colder.
    他注意到天气突然冷了许多。
  3. I observed that he was very pale, asked him what was the matter with him.
    我看他脸色非常惨白,问他是怎么回事。
  4. He observed that the house seemed to be too small.
    他说那房子似乎小了一点儿。
  5. She observed that the work was well done.
    她说这件工作做得很出色。
  6. The mate observed regretfully that he could not account for that young fellow's whims.
    那位伙伴很遗憾地说他不能说出那年轻人产生怪念头的原因。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. The boy observed what was going on between them.
    这个男孩注意到了他们之间发生的事情。
  2. Observe how I do this.
    看着我是怎么做这件事的。
  3. They observed how the tiny wings were fitted to the body.
    他们观看了微型翼的安装情况。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to/- v
  1. We have never observed him do otherwise.
    我们从未看到他不是这样做的。
  2. I have never observed him act like that.
    我从来没见过他如此表现。
  3. They did not observe Facer come in and go upstairs.
    他们没注意到费塞进来,并上了楼。
  4. Some people observed him substitute his personal feelings for policy.
    有人发觉他拿个人感情代替政策。
  5. 1
  6. He was observed to go out.
    有人看到他出去了。
  7. He has been observed to make trouble in every possible way.
    人们注意到他老是制造麻烦。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. She observed a man walking on the opposite side of the road.
    她看见一个人在马路对面走着。
  2. He observed a man trying to force the door.
    他看见有人在撬锁。
  3. Thousands of people observed the ship leaving the harbour.
    数以千计的人观看了轮船离港下水的情形。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
observe on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    谈论,评论 remark or comment on
    observe on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    He observed well on her unusual appearance.

    他对她那不寻常的外表评价很好。

    They visited the show but observed nothing on it.

    他们参观了展览,但没有发表任何看法。

    This point has often been observed upon.

    这一点是人们时常谈论到的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • There was a 5 m.p.h. speed limit for cars..which Dad observed with..care.

    出自: P. Norman
  • When procedures were correctly observed, results followed.

    出自: A. Mason

observe的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. observe的基本意思是对某人由于其国籍、信仰或职位所作出的建议性、命令性的事情或行为表示关注或尊重,即“看到”“注意到”“观察”“研究”,引申可指“评述”“论述”。observe也可作“遵循”“遵守”解,指谨小慎微、拘泥于礼仪或对某人怀有尊敬或崇拜的感情。observe还可用于表示(按传统习惯)“庆祝”“纪念”。
  2. observe既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、由that或疑问词引导的从句作宾语,还可接以现在分词或不带to的动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语,可用于被动结构。observe有时还可用来引出直接引语。
  3. observe用作不及物动词时,常与介词on〔upon〕连用。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
observe, note, notice, perceive
  • 这组词都有“注意”“观察”的意思。其区别是:
  • perceive指使用各种感觉器官去了解事物; notice指观察并注意到某个重要却又很容易被忽略掉的细节; note比notice意味更强烈,指不但注意到,而且记录下来,但有时只指思想上注意到并记在脑中; observe指在方便有利的位置上注意观察、研究某事物或现象,强调思想高度集中,态度严谨客观,但此词多用于科研方面。
  • observe, perceive, see
  • 这三个词都可表示“察觉”。它们之间的区别是:see是一般用语,指意识到眼前的东西,但不一定有意去注意或加以识别; perceive是正式用语,含有有意识地去注意或识别所见东西的意思; observe则表示有意识地察看。试比较以下三个句子的含义:
  • I saw someone standing in the doorway.
  • 我看到有人站在门口。
  • We perceived the figure to be your room- mate.
  • 我们察觉那个人就是你的室友。
  • We observed a change in her.
  • 我们注意到她有了某种变化。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的observer;最初源自拉丁语的observare:ob (过,过于) + servare (观注,保持安全),意为保卫,保护。

    observe的相关资料:

    近反义词

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    【反义词】

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