look

  基本词汇  
[lʊk]     [lʊk]    
  • v.看;寻找;显得看起来;注视;面向
  • n.看;样子;脸色
looked looked looking looks
new

look是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 显得,看起来,看起来好像,似乎有可能
  2. <口>想,期待,预期,盼望
  3. 瞧,看,望
  4. 注意,留心,留神,当心
  5. 好像,似乎,仿佛
  6. 检查,调查,弄清,查明
  7. 考虑
  8. 看待
  9. 注视,打量
  10. 用眼色表示,以眼神使…
  11. 用态度表示
  12. 面向,朝着
  13. 寻找,寻求
  14. 与…外表相似
  15. 显得与…相称
n.(名词)
  1. 相貌,容貌,长相,面貌,面容,面孔,外表,样子,外观
  2. 脸色,表情,神情,眼神
  3. 看,一看,一瞥
  4. 查找
int.(感叹词)
  1. 听我说
  2. 喂!
  3. 瞧! 看!
  4. 留神! 当心!

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. & vt. 看,瞧 turn the eyes so as to see sth or see in the stated direction
  2. vi. 面向,朝向 face in the stated direction
  3. link-v. 看来,显得 seem by expression or appearance
n.(名词)
  1. [S]看,瞥 an act of looking
  2. [S]脸色,神色,表情 an expression in the eyes or on the face
  3. [P]容貌 person's appearance

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
look : 看, 看上去 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
look : 看, 看上去 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the feelings expressed on a person's face;

    "a sad expression"
    "a look of triumph"
    "an angry face"

  2. the act of directing the eyes toward something and perceiving it visually;

    "he went out to have a look"
    "his look was fixed on her eyes"
    "he gave it a good looking at"
    "his camera does his looking for him"

  3. physical appearance;

    "I don't like the looks of this place"

  4. the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people;

    "the feel of the city excited him"
    "a clergyman improved the tone of the meeting"
    "it had the smell of treason"

Verb:
  1. perceive with attention; direct one's gaze towards;

    "She looked over the expanse of land"
    "Look at your child!"
    "Look--a deer in the backyard!"

  2. give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect;

    "She seems to be sleeping"
    "This appears to be a very difficult problem"
    "This project looks fishy"
    "They appeared like people who had not eaten or slept for a long time"

  3. have a certain outward or facial expression;

    "How does she look?"
    "The child looks unhappy"
    "She looked pale after the surgery"

  4. search or seek;

    "We looked all day and finally found the child in the forest"
    "Look elsewhere for the perfect gift!"

  5. be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to;

    "The house looks north"
    "My backyard look onto the pond"
    "The building faces the park"

  6. take charge of or deal with;

    "Could you see about lunch?"
    "I must attend to this matter"
    "She took care of this business"

  7. convey by one's expression;

    "She looked her devotion to me"

  8. look forward to the probable occurrence of;

    "We were expecting a visit from our relatives"
    "She is looking to a promotion"
    "he is waiting to be drafted"

  9. accord in appearance with;

    "You don't look your age!"

  10. have faith or confidence in;

    "you can count on me to help you any time"
    "Look to your friends for support"
    "You can bet on that!"
    "Depend on your family in times of crisis"

look的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He looked at the baby with a smile.
    他笑着看着这个婴儿。
  2. They looked forward very much to seeing him again.
    他们非常盼望再次见到他。
  3. He turned on the torch to look for his keys.
    他打开了手电筒,寻找钥匙。
  4. He looks nervous.
    他看上去很紧张。
  5. All people that go to church look happy.
    所有去教堂做礼拜的人都显得很高兴。
  6. We may look at the world around us.
    我们每天都注视着周围的世界。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Let's take a look round the exhibition.
    咱们看看展览吧。
  2. In such cases he would put on an aggrieved look.
    在这样的时候,他就会装出一副可怜相。
  3. They've given the shop a completely new look.
    他们把商店装修一新。
  4. He had a startled look on his face.
    他一脸吃惊的神情。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He looked aimlessly before him.
    他漫无目的地望着前方。
  2. Just look straight ahead and you will see a pagoda.
    径直往前看,你就会见到一座宝塔。
  3. What is the use of my showing this to you if you don't look?
    你若不看,我把这东西给你(看)有什么用?
  4. He looked aside when I spoke to him.
    我对他讲话,他却朝一边看。
  5. The house looks south.
    这房子面朝南。
  6. The offices look onto a park.
    这几家办公室面对着公园。
  7. One must look higher and further.
    一个人必须目光远大。
  8. He often looks before and after when he deals with problems.
    他处理问题时常常瞻前顾后。
  9. When you look deeper, you'll find some differences between them.
    你要是更深入地研究一下,就会发现它们之间有一些差别。
用作系动词 S+~+(to be) n.
  1. He looks an honest man.
    看来他像个诚实的人。
  2. He looks a good athlete
    他看上去像个优秀运动员。
  3. He's beginning to look his age.
    他看上去和他的年龄相称。
  4. She scarcely looks her years.
    她看上去比实际年龄年轻得多。
  5. On that occasion, Clive looked a perfect fool.
    在那种场合,克莱夫看起来就像个大傻瓜。
  6. Well,I must say, you are looking quite a different person.
    喂,我得说,你现在完全判若两人。
  7. He looks to be a young man of twenty.
    他看起来是个20岁的年轻人。
  8. She looks to be the best person for the job.
    她似乎是此项工作的最佳人选。
S+~+(to be) adj.
  1. He looks anxious.
    他看上去很焦急。
  2. They look almost alike.
    他们长得几乎一模一样。
  3. You're looking blue, what's the matter?
    你看起来挺忧愁,怎么回事?
  4. She looks much younger than she is.
    她看起来比她实际年龄要年轻得多。
  5. She was looking her best,She looks her best in this suit.
    她那时显得很美,她穿这套衣服最美丽。
  6. These houses look very nice, don't they?
    这些房子看上去很漂亮,是吧?
  7. We seemed to be approaching Shanghai.The fields look wonderfully green here.
    我们好像快到上海了,这里田野一片葱绿。
  8. As prices dropped lower and lower, things looked black for Henry's company.
    由于价格一跌再跌,亨利的公司面临着危机。
  9. Whenever the future looks black, remind yourself of other difficulties that you have conquered in the past.
    每当前途似乎无望的时候,你要提醒自己想到以往征服过的困难。
  10. He looked blank when he was informed of his dismissal.
    他听到自己被解雇的消息,显得茫然。
  11. It looks very suspicious to me.
    我觉得这事似乎很不可靠。
S+~+ v -ed
  1. The girl looked puzzled.
    女孩显出迷惑不解的样子。
  2. Tom looked rather offended.
    看来汤姆相当生气。
  3. He looks a little surprised.
    他显得有些吃惊。
  4. He looked startled when his nephew came in.
    他侄子进来时,他显得很吃惊。
  5. The students looked a little surprised but said nothing,
    学生们显得有些吃惊,但没说什么。
S+~+ prep. -phrase
  1. He looks in excellent health.
    他看上去身体十分健康。
S+~+as if-clause
  1. She looks as if she were about to faint.
    她像是要晕倒。
  2. It doesn't look to me as if we shall get there in time.
    我看,我们似乎不能及时到达了。
  3. She looks as if she knew all about the matter.
    她像是知道有关此事的一切。
  4. They looked as if they didn't care.
    他们看起来好像不在乎。
  5. It looks as if it were going to rain.
    天好像要下雨了。
  6. It looks as if we were going to have fine weather.
    天好像要放晴了。
  7. It looks as if there will be a strike.
    看来将有一场罢工运动。
  8. It looks as if the coming autumn harvest will be even better than the last one.
    看来即将到来的秋收会比去年更好。
  9. It looks as if they'll have to go home by taxi.
    看来他们得坐出租车回家了。
  10. It looks as if I'll finish the rest before the 15-day deadline too.
    看来剩余部分我也得在15天期限内完成了。
用作及物动词 S+~+to- v
  1. I didn't look to meet you here.
    我没想到在这里会遇见你。
  2. I look to be with you soon.
    我希望不久能和你在一起。
  3. If you're looking to buy a new car,I suggest you borrow some money from the bank.
    你如果计划买一辆新汽车,我就建议你向银行借些钱。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Please look what time the train starts.
    请留心一下火车什么时候开。
  2. Look what time the clock says.
    看看几点钟了。
  3. Just look what you have done!
    看你究竟都干了些什么。
  4. Look what I have found.
    瞧我找到什么。
  5. Look whether the postman has been yet.
    去看看邮递员来过没有。
  6. Look if it is right.
    查查对不对。
其他
  1. Look, there comes the trolleybus.
    瞧,无轨电车来了。
  2. Look! It is snowing, winter is here at last.
    瞧,天下雪了,冬天终于来临了。
  3. Well,I never !Look, who is here.
    哎,我真没想到! 看,是谁来了。
  4. Look, life today is heaven.Before it was hell.
    瞧,今天的生活是天堂,过去的生活是地狱。
  5. Look, there is a student here I ask you to meet.
    喂,这儿有位学生,我请你见见他。
  6. Look here,Jack, we won't be back this afternoon.
    嗨,杰克,今天下午我们不回来了。
  7. Now look here! This sort of thing can't go on.
    听我说,这种事不能再继续下去了。
  8. Now look here! You really can't do that.
    听我说,你确实不能做那事了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. May I have a look at it?
    让我看一看好吗?
  2. I took a close look at her photo.
    我仔细地看了一下她的照片。
  3. The sailors took a last look at the port before sailing.
    起航前水手们最后看了一眼港口。
  4. The old man was displeased and darted an angry look at me.
    老人不高兴了,瞪了我一眼。
  5. Jane darted an anxious look at the clock as she tried to finish her examination question.
    简力图答完考题,所以她焦急地瞥了一下钟表。
  6. She answered with an angry look.
    她怒目以对。
  7. I've had a good look, but I can't find it anywhere.
    我好好找了一遍,但是哪儿都找不到。
  8. I took one look at the coat and decided I would have to buy it.
    我看了看那件上衣,并决定要买它。
  9. The country must have a long hard look at the tragedy of unemployment.
    国家必须长期严密注视失业造成的悲剧。
  10. He gave her an astonished look.
    他向她露出一副惊异的神色。
  11. She assumed a look of innocence.
    她装出一副天真无邪的样子。
  12. He sat down at the table with a weary look on his face.
    他面带倦容地坐在桌旁。
  13. I knew she didn't like it by the look on her face.
    从她脸上的表情看,我知道她不喜欢这个。
  14. He has the look of a winner.
    他看起来像是一个赢家。
  15. She had a very disappointed look when she heard the news.
    听到此消息,她露出大为失望的神色。
  16. My mother wore a troubled look when she heard of my father's illness.
    我母亲听到父亲生病的消息,立刻神色焦虑不安。
  17. We threw a look of contempt at him because he told a deliberate lie.
    因为他存心说谎,所以我们对他投以轻蔑的目光。
  18. Never judge a man by his looks.
    绝不要以貌取人。
  19. His looks are really quite remarkable.
    他的外貌的确非常出众。
  20. She's got her father's good looks.
    她有父亲端庄的容貌。
  21. She's starting to lose her looks.
    她姿色逐渐衰弱。
  22. The twins girls were almost identical in looks.
    这对孪生姐妹的相貌几乎完全相同。
  23. She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence.
    她利用自己漂亮的容貌来弥补智力的不足。
  24. The cuts above his eye have spoilt his looks.
    他眼睛上方的伤痕使他破了相。
  25. I knew something was wrong, everyone was giving me funny looks.
    我知道有点不对头,因为人人都怪模怪样地看着我。
  26. She kept her looks even in old age.
    她虽然老了,但美貌依旧。
  27. I don't like the look of this place.
    我不喜欢这个地方的外观。
  28. This year's fashion introduces a new look in skirts.
    今年的裙子流行一种新款式。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
look about〔around〕1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 四下观望 look in several different directions

    Concentrate your mind on study.Don't look around. 专心学习,别东张西望的。

    I looked around and everything appeared crystal and clear. 我环顾四周,发现一切看上去都晶莹透彻。

  2. (作出选择前)进行调查 make enquiries before choosing

    We should look about carefully before deciding which house to buy. 在决定买哪栋房子之前,我们应当仔细察看一番。

    He said he would look around to see who might be able to help us. 他说他要留心看看谁能帮我们的忙。

look about〔around〕2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 在(某处)或(某人)周围观望;在(某处)寻找 see in various directions about (a place or one);search in (a place) look about〔around〕 sb/sth

    The stranger looked about him with great interest.那陌生人怀着极大的兴趣看着他的四周。

    You'd better look about you before you start your work here.在开始这儿的工作以前,你最好先了解一下周围的情况。

    Looking about the whole room,I couldn't find any sign of being stolen.我查看了整个房间,没有发现任何被盗的迹象。

look about for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 寻找(某人或某物) try to find and get (sth/sb) by searching look about for sth

    Are you still looking about for a job?你仍在找工作吗?

    He failed to find his book though he had looked about for it.尽管他已四处寻找,可书仍没有找着。

    As soon as Tony arrived in London, he looked about for a house to be lent.托尼一到伦敦就四处物色出租的房子。

look after (v.+prep.)
  1. 注视 watch (sb/sth)

    Standing on the platform Lucy looked after her son getting into the train. 露希伫立在站台上,目送着儿子登上列车。

    They looked after the train as it left the station. 他们目送火车出站。

  2. 照顾,照看(某人或某物) take care of;take the responsibility for (sb/sth)

    He's well able to look after himself. 他很会照顾自己。

    They don't look after themselves very well. 他们没有很好地照顾他们自己。

    He needs a wife to look after him. 他需要一位妻子来照顾他。

    She has looked after her elder parents for many years. 多年来她一直照顾她年迈的双亲。

    She looks after the Drew's children during the day. 她白天给德鲁家看孩子。

    I hope you will look after these animals properly. 我希望你会很好地照料这些牲畜。

    She's been looking after the luggage. 她在照看行李。

    We'll send an experienced expert over to look after the matter. 我们将派一个有经验的专家来关照此事。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The patients were well looked after by the nurses. 护士们把病人照料得很好。

    Now children are well looked after in kindergartens. 现在儿童在幼儿园里得到了很好的照料。

look at (v.+prep.)
  1. 看,注视(某人或某物) see;watch;direct one's eyes towards (sb/sth) look at sb/sth

    She is looking at you.她在注视你。

    Everybody looked at the hero with great admiration.大家都以钦佩的目光注视着那位英雄。

    I looked at him full in the face.我盯着他的脸看了个够。

    He looked at the stranger up and down.他上上下下仔细地打量着这个陌生人。

    I was used to looking at the stars at summer night when I was young.我年轻的时候常常在夏夜瞧着繁星。

    The pupils are all looking at the chart on the wall.学生都瞧着墙上的挂图。

    The children spend too much time looking at television.孩子们花很多时间看电视。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The picture was looked at by him.这幅画被他看过了。

    My work hasn't been looked at for a week.我干了一个星期的工作也没人看一眼。

    The flame in the furnace can be looked at through coloured glasses.可以通过有色眼镜观看高炉内的火焰。

    look at sb to/ -v

    Look at the boy run.看,那个孩子跑了。

    We looked at horses jump over the wall.我们看着一匹又一匹马越墙而过。

    look at sb v-ing

    We are looking at the boys swimming.我们在看男孩子们游泳。

  2. 评判;审视 regard;judge;consider;take a point of view about (sth/sb);examine sth look at sb/sth

    Have you asked the plumber to come and look at the leaking pipe?你叫管道工来检查漏水的管子了吗?

    Will you please look at the battery of my car?请你检查一下我车上的电瓶好吗?

    If your arm isn't better by tomorrow,I'd get the doctor to look at it.如果你的手臂明天还不见好,我就要请医生来给你检查了。

    We must learn to look at problems from all angles.我们必须学会全面地看问题。

    We must look at the matter in cold blood.我们必须冷静观察这个问题。

    He looks at work in a different way now he's in charge.他现在是负责人了,因此,考虑工作的角度不同了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The difficulty can now be looked at in a different light.现在可以用不同的角度来看这个困难。

  3. 接受 consider (sth) (as) acceptable look at sb/sth

    I wouldn't look at a job like that.我不愿接受这样的工作。

    I wouldn't look at such a poor offer.我才不会接受这个无意义的提议呢。

    No matter what I say they refuse to look at my suggestion.无论我说什么,他们都拒不接受我的建议。

look away (v.+adv.)
  1. 不再看(某人或某物) turn one's eyes away from (sth/sb) look away

    Don't look away while I am taking your photograph.我替你拍照时,不要看别的地方。

    The singer was afraid that if she looked away , even for a moment, she would lose her place in the music.这位歌手担心,要是自己向一旁看,哪怕是一瞥也会唱走调。

look down at (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 看不起或不赞成(某人或某物) consider (sth/sb) unworthy look down one's nose at sb

    John was an athlete who looked down his nose at the weak students.约翰是个运动员,因而看不起体弱的学生。

    The natives look down their noses at foreigners.这些本国人看不起外国人。

look down on (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 俯瞰(某处);看不起(某人) overlook;despise;consider oneself superior to;show false contempt for look down on sb/sth

    She looks down on people like that.她看不起那种人。

    The rich man looked down on his poorer neighbours.那个有钱人看不起比他穷的邻居们。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Women were looked down on in the old days.在旧社会,妇女是被轻视的。

    Women have grown tired of being looked down on by employers.雇主轻视妇女,已使妇女难以忍受。

look for (v.+prep.)
  1. 寻找(某人或某物) try to find (sth/sb), often that is lost

    We are looking for an ambitious young assistant. 我们正在找一名有雄心壮志的青年助手。

    You are the very man I'm looking for. 你正是我要找的人。

    Some birds are looking for food. 有些鸟在寻找食物。

    Tom's brother is anxious to look for a job. 汤姆的哥哥急于找到一份工作。

  2. 〈口〉找(麻烦);找(苦头)吃 behave in such a way as to cause or fail to avoid trouble

    That foolish fellow is looking for trouble. 那个愚蠢的家伙在自找麻烦。

    Joe often gets into fights because he is always looking for trouble. 乔常跟人家打架,因为他总是惹麻烦。

  3. 希望得到 hope to get (sth);expect (sth/sb)

    It's too soon yet to look for results. 要想知道结果为时尚早。

    We did not look for such a success. 这样的成功是我们没意料到的。

look forward to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 盼望;期待 expect and anticipate (sb/sth) pleasurably look forward to sth/v-ing

    I am looking forward to the dinner party.我期待着宴会的举行。

    The children are looking forward to the holiday.孩子们盼望假期。

    We looked forward to hearing from you.我们期望着收到您的来信。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The party, which had been greatly looked forward to, was ruined by the rude behaviour of an uninvited guest.那位不速之客举止粗野,破坏了大家热切盼望的聚会。

    National Day had been looked forward to for a month or more.一个多月以来,人们一直盼望着国庆节的到来。

look in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 往(建筑物)里面看 direct one's eyes into (sth such as a building) look in

    At last he came to the house and looked in.最后,他来到房间并向屋里看了看。

    When I drew back the curtains, there outside the window stood a crowd of people looking in.我拉开窗帘,窗外站着一群人正往里面看。

  2. 拜访;进行短暂访问 pay a short visit to (sb/sth) look in

    We shall be pleased to see you if you came to look in any time you're passing.非常欢迎你路过时顺便进来坐坐。

    look in at sth

    We just looked in at the exhibition, but we didn't stay long.我们顺路去看了一下展览,但没有呆很久。

    I'll look in at the shop on my way home.我将在回家的路上顺便到这家商店里转一转。

    look in on sb

    Dr. Smith looked in on the invalid the day before yesterday.史密斯大夫前天去看望伤病员。

    On his way downtown,Jim looked in on his aunt.在他进城去的路途上,吉姆顺便看望了他的姑母。

look in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…里面看 direct one's eyes inside;try to see in sth look in sth

    She seems to spend a lot of time looking in the mirror.她花了很长时间照镜子。

    I got such a shock when I looked in the mirror.我对着镜子看了看,不禁大吃一惊。

    Look in the cupboard and see if we have any more coffee.看看碗橱里面是否还有咖啡。

  2. 把注意力转向… turn one's attention to (sth) look in sth

    When the professor entered the classroom, we all looked in the other direction, pretending not to see him.当教授走进教室时,我们都朝另一个方向看去,假装没有看见他。

    look sb in sth

    I won't be able to look him in the eye if I lie.我要是撒谎,我就不敢直视他的眼睛。

    If he knows I told him a lie, how can I look him in the face again?如果他知道我对他撒了谎,我还怎么再见他!

look into (v.+prep.)
  1. 浏览;调查〔查找〕… ask;try to find information in;turn one's attention to sth look into sb/sth/wh-to-v

    I have looked into the book.我已略看过这本书。

    The government will look into how to reduce unemployment.政府将研究如何降低失业率。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Your complaint is being looked into.When we have anything to report we will write to you again.你的诉讼正在研究之中。如果有事需要通知,我们会写信给你的。

look like (v.+prep.)
  1. 看起来与(某人或某物)相像或相似 have an appearance the same or nearly the same as (sb/sth else)

    He looks like a scholar. 他看上去像个学者。

    He looks like his father. 他长得像他父亲。

    These houses look exactly like each other, which makes the street look very dull. 这些房屋的外观极为相似,使整条街道显得十分呆板。

  2. 很可能出现或引起(某事、做某事) be likely to result in (sth or doing sth)

    It looks like rain;Let's start for home. 天像是要下雨了,咱们回家吧!

    It does not look like rain. You needn't take your umbrella. 看来不会下雨,你不必带伞。

look on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 在一旁观看,袖手旁观 watch instead of (doing sth) look on

    No,I'm not playing;I'm just looking on.不,我并没有玩,我只不过是在旁观。

    The children played in the park while their mother looked on.孩子们在公园里玩耍,而他们的母亲则在一旁观看。

    He just looked on while we were playing football.当我们踢足球时,他只是旁观。

    They stood looking on while the man was robbed.正当那个人被抢劫时,他们却站在那儿袖手旁观。

look on2〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 把眼光投向〔以某种观点来看待或对待〕(某物或某人) direct one's eyes towards (sth/sb);regard;consider;have a point of view about (sb/sth) look on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    He looked on me with curiosity.他好奇地凝视着我。

    We should look on the bright side of things.我们应该看到事物的光明面。

    I don't know how you look upon this matter.我不知道你怎么看待这事。

    look on〔upon〕 sb/sth as sb/sth

    They look on me as their own brother.他们把我当作是自己的兄弟。

    He looked upon the old man as his father.他把那位老人看作自己的父亲。

    Do you look on him as the best doctor in town?你认为他是城内最好的医生吗?

    I've always looked upon Mary as somebody I can trust.我一直把玛丽看作是我可以信赖的人。

    We look upon you as belonging to the family.我们把你当作家人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Professor Hua is looked upon as an authority on mathematics.华教授被看成数学权威。

look oneself
  1. 显得健康或情绪正常 seem in one's usual state of health or spirits

    Mary had a long illness, but now she looked quite herself again. 玛丽病了很久,但现在已恢复健康了。

look out (v.+adv.)
  1. 向外看;面向;朝外 direct one's eyes outside;have a view of (sth) look out

    My hotel room looks out across the lake.从我住的旅馆房间望出去是一派湖光景色。

    The shop looks out into a busy street.这个店铺面朝一条繁华的街道。

    The castle looked out over the distant forest.城堡对着远处的森林。

    Our house looks out on the river.我们的房屋面向大河。

    My window looks out on the garden.我的窗户对着花园。

    He asked me to look out of the door to see what a birthday gift he prepared for me.他叫我向门外看,看他为我准备了什么生日礼物。

    Look out of the car window, there's a deer crossing the road.从车窗向外看,有只鹿正在横穿道路。

  2. 当心;警惕 take care;be watchful look out

    Look out! Don't let the fire get near the gasoline!小心!别让火靠近汽油!

    Look out or you'll fall into the pond.小心点,不然你会掉进池塘里。

    Tell the children to look out when they cross the main street.告诉孩子们过马路时要当心。

    look out (that-)clause

    I shall look out that I don't trust him again .我要留神,下次不再信任他了。

    Look out the milk doesn't spill.当心不要让牛奶溢出来。

  3. 挑出或找出(某物) find (sth) by choosing look sth ⇔ out

    I'll look out the photograph you want to see.我会把你要看的照片找出来。

    I have asked the librarian to look out a book on butterflies for me.我已请图书管理员帮我找一本有关蝴蝶的书。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Have those things for the jumble sale been looked out yet?作旧杂货拍卖的那些东西已找出来了吗?

look out for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 搜寻(某人或某物);试图得到(某物) try to find (sb/sth) by searching;try to get sth look out for sb/sth

    Will you go to the station and look out for Mr. White?你到车站去等待怀特先生好吗?

    I'm looking out for a new house.我正在找一幢新房子。

look over1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 从(某物上面)看过去 direct one's eyes over (sth) look over

    The boy pulled himself to the top of the wall and looked over.那个孩子趴在墙头上看。

  2. 仔细检查〔审视〕(某人或某物) examine (sth/sb) carefully look sb/sth over

    Please look them over.请把它们检查一遍。

    He asked my age, height and weight and looked me over.他询问了我的年龄、身高和体重,又上下打量了我一番。

    He signed the contract without even looking it over.他甚至看都没有看,就在合同上面签了字。

    We must look the school over before sending our son there.送儿子进那所学校之前,得先了解一下该校的情况。

look over2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 越过(某物)看;能看到(某处) direct one's eyes over sth;have a view of (sth)

    From the top of the hill we can look over the city. 在山顶上,我们可以俯瞰全城。

    The child was not tall enough to look over the wall. 这孩子个头不够高,不能从墙头望过去。

    Our teacher had a way of looking over her glasses at us whenever we offered a silly answer. 每当我们的回答不着边际时,我们的老师就从她的眼镜框上面看我们。

    I am looking backward over my shoulder. 我正回头向后看。

  2. 检查或审视(某物);研究〔考虑〕(某物) examine sth carefully;study (sth), as by repeating

    I shall be glad if you'll look over these letters. 你如果愿意把这些信件看一遍,我很高兴。

    You may look over this photograph album while waiting for us here. 在这儿等我们时,你可以翻阅这本相册。

    I've looked over these English exercises several times, but I still don't understand them. 我已将这些英文练习看过好几遍了,但还是不理解。

  3. 宽容… excuse;choose not to notice or punish (a fault)

    I'll look over your carelessness this time, but be more careful in future. 这次我原谅你的粗心,但以后要认真。

look through1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 仔细检查或审查(某物) examine (sth) carefully

    I'll look your suggestion through before passing it to the committee. 我要先审查一下你的建议,然后再送交委员会。

    Please look through your desk and see if my English dictionary is there. 请仔细检查一下你的书桌,看看我的英语词典是不是在里面。

  2. 对(某人)视而不见 look at without seeming to notice sb, on purpose or because of deep thought

    Ever since we had the argument, she looks me straight through as if I didn't exist. 自从我们那次争论之后,她总是故意不理睬我,好像我根本不存在似的。

look through2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 穿过…看 direct one's eyes through (sth)

    I looked through a telescope. 我从望远镜里看过去。

    I looked through the open door, but the room was empty. 通过敞开的门向里看,我看到屋里空无一人。

  2. 看穿或识破(某人或某事) know the truth about;not to be deceived by (sth/sb)

    Every time I try to fool him, he looks through my tricks. 我每次企图愚弄他都被他识破了。

  3. 粗略地翻阅;细审… look quickly in (sth, often written or printed)

    He looks through several newspaper before breakfast. 他早饭前通常浏览几份报纸。

    Let's look through these lessons more carefully. 我们来把这几课好好复习一下。

    You should look through your notes before the examination. 考试前你应该复习一下笔记。

    Look through this article and tell us what you think of it. 把这篇文章好好看一下,然后谈谈你的看法。

    I have looked through your report and made some notes on it. 我已仔细看完了你的报告,并在上面写了些评语。

look to (v.+prep.)
  1. 朝(某物)看去;面对〔面朝〕(某物) direct one's eyes towards (usually sth);face (sth) look to sth

    The front of the house looks to the sea. It gets a beautiful view.这座房子面朝大海,可以看到很美的景观。

    Tian An Men looks to the south and the Monument to the People's Heroes looks to Tian An Men.天安门面朝南面,而人民英雄纪念碑面朝天安门。

  2. 留神〔照看〕(某人或某物) guard;be careful about;pay attention to;take care of (sth/sb) look to sb/sth

    Would you look to the children, please?请你照料这些孩子好吗?

    Look to it that you don't violate the regulations.注意别犯规。

    Look to it that this doesn't happen again.注意不要让这种事情再发生。

    Look to it that you don't offend the old man.注意别让老年人生气。

    Look to it that all the arrangements are completed before next week.确保下星期前完成所有的安排。

    Look to it that you catch the train.你一定要赶上火车。

    Look (to it) that everything is ready.注意把一切都准备好。

    Look (to it) that they do not escape.当心别让他们逃跑。

    Look that all is right.注意是否一切都齐备。

  3. 依靠〔指望〕(某人或某事) depend on;expect look to sb/sth

    The child looks to his mother in curing his hurt.孩子依赖母亲来治疗他的创伤。

    She has always looked to her parents for advice.她总是指望她的父母替她出主意。

    We always look to the mountains to see what kind of weather we shall have next, as it always comes from that direction.我们经常观望群山,以预测天气的变化,因为天气变化总是从那个方向来的。

    look to sb to-v

    I look to you to support me in this matter.在这件事上我要靠你支持。

look up (v.+adv.)
  1. 向上看;抬头看 raise one's head to have a look look up

    Don't look up.不要向上看。

    She looked up and saw me.她抬头看见了我。

    The clerk looked up from his desk and frowned.办事员从办公桌上抬起头来一看,皱了皱眉头。

  2. 改善;好转 appear to be improving look up

    Business is looking up.生意日趋繁荣。

    The trade between the two countries is looking up.两国间的贸易关系正在好转。

    Their economic conditions began to look up.他们的经济状况开始改善。

    The weather is looking up, so we can go for a picnic this Sunday.天气开始好转,所以星期日我们可以去野餐了。

    The first year was tough, but business looked up after that.第一年是艰难的,但在那以后,生意好转了。

  3. 拜访(某人) visit sb look sb ⇔ up

    Next time you are in Beijing, look me up.你下次来北京时,来找我。

    Don't forget to look me up when you come to Hainan.到了海南,可别忘了来看我。

    I want to look up an old friend when I get there.我到那儿后要去拜访一位老朋友。

    While he was in Chicago,Henry looked up a friend of college days.亨利在芝加哥时,拜访了一位大学时的朋友。

  4. 查找… seek (information) in a reference book look sth ⇔ up

    Please look up a fast train to Leeds.请查一下去利兹的快车。

    Every student should look up all new words in his dictionary each day.学生每天都应该在词典里查所有的生词。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    When all the facts have been looked up, pass them on to me.查对了所有的事实之后,把它们传给我。

look up and down (v.+adv.)
  1. 上下打量(某人) search (sb) with the eyes look sb up and down

    He looked her up and down and decided to ask her out.他上下打量她,并打算要她出去。

    After looking me up and down for a few minutes, he decided that I was telling the truth.他仔细打量了我几分钟之后,认定我是在讲实话。

    在回答这个醉鬼问题之前,警察慎重地上下打量了他。在回答这个醉鬼问题之前,警察慎重地上下打量了他。

look up to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 抬头看(某人或某物);尊重〔敬仰〕(某人) admire, respect sb highly look up to sb

    Mr. Smith had taught for many years, and all students looked up to him.史密斯先生教了多年的书,他的所有学生都尊敬他。

    The schoolmaster was a scholarly man. All his pupils looked up to him.校长是个很有学问的人,他的学生都尊重他。

    Pupils should be taught to look up to their parents.应该教育学生尊敬父母。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She is looked up to by her friends.她受朋友的尊敬。

    He is looked up to by everybody there.他在那里受到众人的尊敬。

    Teachers are very much looked up to in China.在中国,教师很受尊敬。

    look up to sb as sb/sth

    The peasants looked up to him as a specialist.农民们尊他为专家。

    We looked up to you as a shining example of devotion to the scientific cause.我们把你看作献身于科学事业的光辉榜样。

用作名词 (n.)
by the look(s) of
  1. 从外表看起来;看样子 probably;judging from the way

    Taxes are going to go up by the look of it. 看样子要加税了。

    Yes. In fact, she didn't need a trunk at all from the looks of this. 是的,看起来她实际并不需要一只箱子。

    By the looks of him, he won't live much longer. 看他的样子怕是活不长了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Mons. Broussard..took a good look at us.

    出自:A. Loos
  • The hat she stuck on without giving a look in the glass.

    出自:V. Woolf
  • Then she saw me..and if looks could have killed!

    出自:K. Tennant
  • 'What are you doing with that torch?' 'Just having a look round.'

    出自:D. Eden
  • The whole question of mobilisation requires a new look.

    出自:B. Montgomery
  • She gives me a couple of long looks.

    出自:W. Wharton
  • When we look only with one eye.

    出自:G. Berkeley
  • Yes, you may look!

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • Though the police looked with care, they had discovered no fingerprints.

    出自:W. S. Maugham
  • They'd run over you as soon as look at you.

    出自:E. O
  • Resplendently dressed ladies looked significantly at each other.

    出自:J. C. Powys
  • Looking grimly into the mirror.

    出自:C. Isherwood
  • He looked straight ahead of him.

    出自:B. Rubens
  • Go into the study and look at TV.

    出自:M. Sarton
  • Roy looked from one man to the other.

    出自:E. Welty
  • I liked to look; I noticed everything.

    出自:V. S. Naipaul

look的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. look的基本意思是“为了看清某物而有意识地向某一方向看去”,指使用人的视力,强调的是有意地“看”的动作。
  2. look用作不及物动词时主要作“看”“观望”解,常与介词at连用。也可作“面向,朝向”解,一般是指建筑物的朝向。
  3. look用作及物动词时主要作“注视”解,引申还可作“留心”“注意”“期望”解,其后可接动词不定式、疑问词引导的从句作宾语。可用于祈使句。
  4. look还可用作系动词,其后可接(to be+) n./adj. / v -ed/ prep. -phrase或as if引起的从句作表语,意思是“看起来…”。
  5. look作“留心”“注意”解时,常用于look (to it)结构,其后接that从句充当it的同位语。
  6. look有时还可作感叹语,意思是“注意,听我说”,用来引起对方的注意。
  7. 关于look at sth 结构,有两种分析方法,一是把look at视为及物动词, sth 是其宾语;二是把look at视为介词,而把sth 看作是介词at的宾语。笔者倾向第一种分析,因为其中的sth 常可转换为被动句的主语。
n.(名词)
  1. look作“看”解时,指的是一种具体地“看”的动作,常用于单数形式,其前多加不定冠词,其后常接at。
  2. look作“神色,表情”解,也常用于单数形式,其前也多加不定冠词。
  3. look还可作“容貌,美貌”解,指人脸部的样子,常用于复数形式。引申可表示“款式”“风格”,这时常用于单数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
I look forward to,I am looking forward to
短语look forward to在句中可用于一般现在时,也可用于一般进行时,前者口气较随便,多用在私人信件中;后者口气较正式,常用在公文中。
look for, look forward to, anticipate, expect
这组词(组)的共同意思是“期待,等待”。其区别是:
expect指“等待某事发生”,常有一定的根据,发生的可能性较大;anticipate含有“预先体味”的意味;look for是日常用词,也可表示“期待”;look forward to指以欢乐或焦急的心情期待某事发生。例如:
I expect to see some fine films during the holidays.我期望假期能看上几部好电影。
We anticipate that we shall hear from you again.我们预感到将会再接到你的信。
I think we may look for a better result next time.我想下次结果可能会好一些。
I'm looking forward to your visit.我期待着你的来访。
look, appear, seem
这三个词都可用作系动词,表示“看起来”。其区别是:
1.在含义上, appear 强调外表上给人的某种印象,有时含实质上并非如此的意思; look意味着看上去如此,实际亦是如此; seem 则暗示判断有一定根据,这种判断往往接近事实。例如:
  • He appears to be very young.
  • 他看上去很年轻。(实际上不一定如此)
  • He looks to be very young.
  • 他看上去很年轻。(实际上也年轻)
  • He seems to be very young.
  • 他看上去很年轻。(可能他的确很年轻)
2.在用法上,这三个词都可跟形容词或“to be+形容词或名词”结构,也可用于It appears〔appeared〕/looks〔looked〕/seems〔seemed〕 as if...结构。但是, appear 和seem跟to- v 时仍表示“看起来”,而look 接to- v 则是“盼望”的意思。例如:
  • He appears〔seems〕 to know it.
  • 他看来知道这件事。
  • He looks to hear from you.
  • 他期待你来信。
  • 另外, appear 和seem可用于It appears〔appeared〕/seems〔seemed〕 that...结构,而look不能。例如:
  • 我看他似乎很喜欢看这部小说。
  • [误] It looks to me that he enjoys read- ing the novel.
  • [正] It appears〔seems〕 to me that he enjoys reading the novel.
  • 还有, appear 和seem一般不用于进行体; 而look可用现在进行时,这和一般现在时所表示的意思无多大区别。例如:
  • You are looking〔look〕 very unhappy.你看起来很不高兴。
look, glance
这两个词的共同意思是“看”,都可接介词at。其区别是:
glance指匆忙地看一眼,也指粗略地、随便看看、暗暗地看; 而look则表示有意识地注意看,将视线集中于某人或某物上,着重于看的动作。例如:
She felt very nervous with so many people looking at her.这么多人瞧着她,她感到非常紧张。
I found the child opposite looking at my red hat.我发现对面的孩子在看我的红帽子。
look, see, watch
这三个词都有“看”的意思。其区别是:
look指有意识的“动作”;see指有意或无意的“结果”;watch则指有意识地以期待、警觉等心情看上一段时间。例如:
We looked but saw nothing.我们看了,可是什么也没看到。
They are watching a TV play.他们在看电视剧。
look for, discover, find, find out, invent
这组词(组)都有“发明”“发现”的意思。discover指发现或偶然发现原来就存在但一直未被认识的东西; look for作“寻找”解时,指寻找的动作和过程; find指寻找的结果,即“找到”,是非延续性动词,不如discover正式; find out指经过观察、调查把某事、某物查出来,搞清楚,弄明白,多用于复杂而不易直接查出的情况; invent指发明原来不存在的东西,有时也可指虚构、捏造。例如:
Whilhelm Roentgen discovered X rays.威尔海尔姆·伦琴发现了X射线。
He was amazed to find her there.发现她在那里,他很吃惊。
Let's try and find out what's at the back of this problems.咱们想法弄清问题的背景是怎样的。
Whatt invented the steam engine.瓦特发明了蒸汽机。
She ran across some old letters when she was looking for something else.她找别的东西时,偶然翻出几封过去的信。
下面四个句子意思相同,第1句主要用在英国,第2、4句英美都通用,第3句用在美国。
  • He looks an honest man.
  • He looks like an honest man.
  • He looks to be honest.
  • He looks honest.
  • 他看上去是个诚实的人。
下面各组中的句子或短语意思不同:
  • The old man looks good.
  • 那老人外表好。
  • The old man looks well.
  • 那老人气色好。
  • Look out of the window!
  • 朝窗外看!
  • Look out at the window!
  • 看外面的窗户!
  • look over one's shoulder
  • 回头向后看
  • look over sb's shoulder
  • 从某人肩上向前看
  • look down on
  • 轻视
  • look down at
  • 向下看
  • look to the matter
  • 留心此事
  • look into the matter
  • 调查此事
  • look over my hat
  • 从我上方看过去
  • look my hat over
  • 仔细打量我的帽子
  • look upon as an authority
  • 视为权威
  • look up to as an authority
  • 尊为权威
n.(名词)
look, air
这两个词都可作“样子”解。其区别在于:
1.air所表达的表情往往是虚假的; 而look则是真实的。例如:
  • 被告说到这件事时带着要保密的样子。
  • The accused spoke about it with an air of secrecy.(是装出来的)
  • The accused spoke about it with a look of secrecy.(是真情的流露)
2.作“神态”讲,即表达抽象概念,只能用air,而不能用look。例如:
Judy always gives himself airs.朱迪常摆架子(表示抽象概念)。
look, appearance, aspect, countenance, face, features, visage
参见face条。
appear look seem
这些动词均有“看起来,好像是”之意。
  • appear:appear指从感观印象看似乎是如此,但有时着重指因视野、观点限制而产生的歪曲印象。
  • look:look指从样子看起来,侧重通过视觉而建立的印象。
  • seem:seem多指从主观印象或个反应得出的看法。
appearance look face aspect
这些名词均含事物或人的“外表,容貌”之意。
  • appearance:appearance普通用词,着重由总体产生的印象。
  • look:look普通用词,多用复数,可与appearance换用,但较口语化。
  • face:face侧重指容貌。
  • aspect:aspect书面用词,突出人或事物在某特定时间或地点时的外貌。
look see watch observe witness
这些动词均有“看”之意。
  • look:look侧重“看”的动作。
  • see:see指看见。
  • watch:watch指用眼睛跟随某物,以便对每一个变化、运动等进行观察。
  • observe:observe侧重以客观的态度进行观察。
  • witness:witness指当场看见,亲眼看见。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我非常渴望见你。

    I am looking forward to see you.

    I am looking forward to seeing you.

    look forward to中的to是介词,不是动词不定式符号。

  2. 他看上去很高兴。

    He looks happily.

    He is looking happy.

    He looks happy.

    look用作系动词时其后不跟副词,并且不用于进行体。

  3. 他看起来很英俊。

    He is looked handsome.

    He looks handsome.

    look用作系动词时不用于被动结构。

  4. 他看起来像只猴子。

    He looks as a monkey.

    He looks a monkey.

    look用作系动词时可跟as if引导的从句,或to be n./adj. 结构, to be有时可省略,但不跟as短语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的loiacn;最初源自西日耳曼语的lokjan,意为看,凝视,偷窥。

look的相关资料:

正版词典

look : 看,望,瞧 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • look:v.【luk】v.看,望,注视;显得 n.看,望;外表,脸色 vi.1. 看【(+at)】These flowers are good to look at.这些花很好看。What are you l…

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