find

  基本词汇  
[faɪnd]     [faɪnd]    
  • v.发现;找到;认为;觉得;感到;裁决;判定
  • n.发现
findable found found finding finds
new

find是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 发现
  2. 找到,找出
  3. 发觉
  4. 查明
  5. 达到
  6. 供给,供应
  7. 裁决,判定,判决
  8. 得到,寻得,获得,求得
  9. 觉得,认为,感到
  10. 碰上,看见,遇见,碰到
  11. 拾得
  12. 发现...处于某种状态
  13. 作出判断
  14. 自然地形成
  15. 找到猎物,发现猎物
  16. 知道...是有的
  17. 想出
  18. 打中
  19. 见到...存在
  20. 到达(海底)
n.(名词)
  1. 发现,找到
  2. 发现物
  3. 拾得物
  4. 掘获物
  5. 被发觉的人才,不可多得的人
  6. 被发现的人

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 找到; 发现 discover especially by searching; discover sb/sth by chance or experience
  2. vt. 发觉,感到,认为 discover (sb/sth) to be, by chance or experience
  3. vt. 到达; 努力获得 reach; arrive at; obtain by effort
  4. vt. 供给,供应; 知道…是有的 provide; know or see that sth exists or happens
  5. vt. 〈律〉判决,裁决 decide (sb) to be
n.(名词)
  1. [U]发现 discovery
  2. [C]发现物 sth good or valuable that is found

行业释义

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英英释义

Noun:
  1. a productive insight

  2. the act of discovering something

Verb:
  1. come upon, as if by accident; meet with;

    "We find this idea in Plato"
    "I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here"
    "She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day"

  2. discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of;

    "She detected high levels of lead in her drinking water"
    "We found traces of lead in the paint"

  3. come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost;

    "Did you find your glasses?"
    "I cannot find my gloves!"

  4. establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;

    "find the product of two numbers"
    "The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize"

  5. come to believe on the basis of emotion, intuitions, or indefinite grounds;

    "I feel that he doesn't like me"
    "I find him to be obnoxious"
    "I found the movie rather entertaining"

  6. perceive or be contemporaneous with;

    "We found Republicans winning the offices"
    "You'll see a lot of cheating in this school"
    "The 1960's saw the rebellion of the younger generation against established traditions"
    "I want to see results"

  7. get something or somebody for a specific purpose;

    "I found this gadget that will serve as a bottle opener"
    "I got hold of these tools to fix our plumbing"
    "The chairman got hold of a secretary on Friday night to type the urgent letter"

  8. make a discovery, make a new finding;

    "Roentgen discovered X-rays"
    "Physicists believe they found a new elementary particle"

  9. make a discovery;

    "She found that he had lied to her"
    "The story is false, so far as I can discover"

  10. obtain through effort or management;

    "She found the time and energy to take care of her aging parents"
    "We found the money to send our sons to college"

  11. decide on and make a declaration about;

    "find someone guilty"

  12. receive a specified treatment (abstract);

    "These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation"
    "His movie received a good review"
    "I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions"

  13. perceive oneself to be in a certain condition or place;

    "I found myself in a difficult situation"
    "When he woke up, he found himself in a hospital room"

  14. get or find back; recover the use of;

    "She regained control of herself"
    "She found her voice and replied quickly"

  15. succeed in reaching; arrive at;

    "The arrow found its mark"

  16. accept and make use of one's personality, abilities, and situation;

    "My son went to Berkeley to find himself"

find的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. We have found oil under the North Sea.
    我们在北海发现了石油。
  2. I think I'm lost; I can't find the bridge.
    我想我是迷路了,我找不到那座桥了。
  3. He tried to find in the list his own name.
    他试图在名单上找到自己的名字。
  4. How do you find your new job?
    你认为你的新工作怎么样?
  5. He was found guilty and sentenced to condemnation.
    他被发现有罪,并且被定了罪。
  6. We find against the defendant and order him to pay costs in the sum of $100.
    我们判定被告有罪,令其支付诉讼费共计100美元。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Our new babysitter is a real find.
    我们新来的临时保姆是难得的好保姆。
  2. My new secretary is very good; quite a find, in fact.
    我的新秘书很好,确实是难得的人才。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Can you help me find a nurse?
    你能帮我找一个保姆吗?
  2. I have found the lost book.
    我已经找到那丢失的书。
  3. Empty your bag into your hand to see if you can find the key.
    把口袋里的东西都倒在你手上,看看是否能找到钥匙。
  4. Each student will find his own personal road to success.
    每个学生都将找到自己的成功之道。
  5. The woman's illness puzzled the doctor, he couldn't find the cause.
    那女人的病难住了医生,他找不出病因。
  6. After months of digging, they found very little gold.
    挖了数月,他们几乎没发现金子。
  7. I can't find that amount of money.
    我不能提供那笔款子。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. Where were the jewels found?
    这些珠宝是在哪儿找到的?
  10. Lost time is never found again.
    失去的时间不会再来。
  11. Elephants are found in Africa.
    非洲有大象。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. I failed to find how to get to the station.
    我没有弄清怎样去火车站。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He found that the method worked.
    他发现这方法行得通。
  2. You'll find that I don't frighten easily.
    你会发现我不是轻易就会害怕。
  3. He awoke to find that he was lying on the beach.
    他一觉醒来发觉自己躺在海滩上。
  4. We found that we had made a mistake.
    我们发觉自己已经犯了一个错误。
  5. He found that nobody knew.
    他认为没人知道。
  6. Now he found that he could relax a little.
    现在他感到可以稍稍松一口气了。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. He had not found what he wanted.
    他没找到他要的东西。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. I found him a job.
    他已经找到一份工作。
  2. Please find Mary her bag.
    请替玛丽找到她的提包。
  3. Can you find me a good one?
    你能给我找个好的吗?
  4. Did you find him what he wanted?
    你觉得他想要什么?
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. He has been found a job.
    他已经找到了一份工作。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. She said she would find an electrician for us.
    她说她要给我们找一个电工技师。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n./adj./v- ed/ prep. -phrase
  1. Mary tried several lines of work, but at last found herself as a teacher.
    玛丽尝试了好几种工作,最后发现自己适合做教师。
  2. We found the restaurant to be full.
    我们看到这家宾馆已经客满了。
  3. I found him to be much younger than I expected.
    我发现他比我料想的要年轻得多。
  4. I found myself to be in a dark forest.
    我发现我来到一个阴森森的树林里。
  5. Put your money in my business, and you could find yourself (to be) richer.
    把你的钱投到我们公司,你会变得更富有。
  6. They found the patient (to be) a small boy of nine years of age.
    他们发现病人是个9岁的小男孩。
  7. We found him dishonest.
    我们发觉他不诚实。
  8. Do you find him very bright?
    你发现他很聪明吗?
  9. People found the boy honest.
    人们发现这孩子诚实。
  10. I find this wine a little sour.
    我总觉得这酒有酸味。
  11. As a series of episodes,I find this book entertaining.
    作为一部系列丛书,我觉得这本书很有趣。
  12. At dawn we found ourselves back to the place we left the night before.
    天亮时,我们发现我们回到了前一天晚上出发的地方。
  13. The jury found the accused person guilty.
    陪审团判定被告人有罪。
  14. I found the door closed.
    我发现门关着。
  15. He found the boy tied to a tree.
    他发现孩子被绑在一棵树上。
  16. Then I found myself surrounded by half a dozen boys.
    这时我发现自己被五六个小男孩围住了。
  17. You will find me ever at your service.
    你将发现我永远听命于你。
  18. The road gradually widened until we found ourselves in a large valley.
    路慢慢宽了起来,最后我们走进了一个广阔的山谷。
S+~+it+ adj./prep.- phrase+to- v / v -ing
  1. We found it troublesome having to go through all the procedures.
    我们感到必须经过这一道道手续十分麻烦。
  2. I found it very difficult to adapt myself to things all around here.
    我发现我很难使自己适应周围的事物。
  3. We found it an easy thing to get along with her.
    我们发现和她相处很容易。
  4. How can you find it in your heart to disappoint the children?
    你怎么能够让小孩子失望呢?
S+~+ n./pron. +(to-) v
  1. We found the chest to contain many silver coins.
    我们发现这柜子里有不少银币。
  2. I'll find someone to fill in for you.
    我去找个人来顶替你。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. I found him working in his garden.
    我发现他在花园里干活。
  2. I found my headache coming on.
    我觉得头开始疼起来了。
  3. Towards dawn we found ourselves ascending the Nine-Dragon Slope five kilometres from home.
    快天亮时,我们已在爬离家五公里远的九龙坡了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. That old book is quite a find.
    那本古书是一个重大发现。
  2. What a marvellous find!
    多么了不起的发现!
  3. The bronze chariot proved to be a valuable find.
    那辆青铜战车证明是有价值的发现。
  4. I made a great find in a secondhand book-shop the other day.
    两天前我在一个旧书店有一个重大发现。
  5. They announced the find of an important manuscript.
    他们宣布发现了一份重要的手稿。
  6. The site of the find is a sharp, narrow slope that may once have been on the shore of a lake.
    发现那件东西的地方是在一个陡狭的斜坡上,那里从前也许是湖岸。
  7. The new finds have deepened our knowledge of giant ape.
    新的发现加深了我们对大猩猩的认识。
  8. His son was a sure find during his illness.
    他患病期间,他的儿子必定在他身边。
  9. The young actress was the theatrical find of the year.
    这位年轻的女演员是那年戏剧界涌现出来的新秀。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
find against (v.+prep.)
  1. 作出对…不利的判决 (in a court of law) give judgement against (sb) find against sb

    The jury found against the plaintiff.陪审团作出不利于原告的裁决。

    We find against the defendant and order him to pay costs in the sum of £100.我们作出不利于被告的裁决,并让被告付100英镑的诉讼费。

find for( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 find for不用于被动结构,也不用于进行体。
  2. 得到; 找到 obtain for find sb/sth for sb/sth

    You must find the right man for the job.你必须找到合适的人选从事这份工作。

    Who will find the money for his education?谁来负担他的学费呢?

  3. 作出对…有利的判决 give judgement in favour of sb find for sb

    The judge found for the defendant, and also said he should be given the cost.法官判被告获胜,应该得到赔偿。

    When the case was retired, the jury found for the defendant.这案子重审时,陪审团作出有利于被告的裁决。

find in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 发现…在… find sb at home or work find sb in

    You are lucky to find him in, he's often out of town.你很走运找到他,他经常外出。

find in2( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 find in通常不用于进行体。 find sb/sth in sth
  2. 发现…在… discover sb/sth in a place

    He found a purse in the road. 他在路上捡到一个钱包。

  3. 供给 provide sb with money

    His uncle found the boy in food and clothing. 他叔叔供养这孩子。

find oneself
  1. 实现自我 discover one's abilities, wishes, and character

    The student left the university to go out into the world and find himself. 学生毕业后就要进入社会实现自我。

    After trying various jobs, he finally found himself and became a very successful newspaper reporter. 经过几种工作的尝试,他最后自知自己的特点并成为一个成功的新闻记者。

  2. 发觉自己(在某地或处于某种状态) become conscious of being in a particular place or situation

    When he regained consciousness, he found himself in the middle of the forest. 当他醒来时他发现自己在大森林里。

    I woke up to find myself in the hospital. 我醒来发现自己在医院里。

    I find myself in almost total agreement with Tony. 我发现自己的意见几乎完全与托尼一致。

    They found themselves in a passive position under attack. 他们发现自己处于被动挨打局面。

    You'll find yourself in trouble if you're not careful. 如果你不小心会遇到麻烦的。

  3. 自理,提供〔满足〕自己的需要 provide (sth) for oneself

    He gets 15,000 yuan and finds himself. 他弄到15,000元,能满足自己的需要。

    He works for one hundred dollars a month and finds himself. 他月薪100美元,足以自理。

    He pays his housekeeper 25 pounds a week but she finds herself in clothes. 他每周付女管家25英镑,衣服则由她自理。

    You will find yourself in food and clothes. 你要自己解决吃穿。

find out (v.+adv.)
  1. 发现,查清; 看穿,猜出; 了解,打听; 通过询问查出; 发觉某人的真实情况,揭发 make a conscious effort; discover a deceitful act; obtain information about sth; discover by enquiry or search; catch in an offence or error; discover the truth about sb; penetrate the disguise of, unmask find out

    I hope nobody finds out.我希望无人发现。

    She is afraid that he will find out.她怕他会发现。

    I'll put the money back before anyone finds out.在别人没发现之前,我得把钱放回去。

    I know almost nothing about the economics, but finding out will be enjoyable.我几乎对经济学一无所知,但是很乐意把它弄个明白。

    Let's call her up on the telephone and find out.让我给她打个电话了解一下情况。

    I won't tell you; you'll have to find out by yourself.我不告诉你,你得自己去打听。

    Did you find out about the photographs?你查明有关相片的事情了吗?

    find out about sth

    I'll find out about planes to New York.我去打听一下飞纽约的班机。

    Jim wrote to find out about a job in New York.吉姆写信想了解在纽约找工作的情况。

    I'll ring him up and find out about the plans for Sunday.我给他去个电话,问问他打算如何度过星期天。

    find sb/sth ⇔ out

    For months the cashier had been falsifying the accounts, but then the company found him out.那出纳员几个月一直篡改账目,但是后来被公司发觉了。

    I'll find out your secret.我会发现你的秘密的。

    We must find out the truth of the matter.我们必须弄清楚事情的真相。

    Find out the islanders' views before making a decision.作决定以前,要弄清岛上居民的意见。

    We failed to find him out.我们没有看穿他。

    The boy knew that if he cheated on the test the teacher would find him out.男孩知道如果他考试作弊,老师会识破他的。

    He found out the riddle at last.他终于猜出了这个谜语。

    Ah!I've found you out!啊!我可抓到你的把柄了!

    Find out his address, please.请你查查他的地址。

    Can you find out Mr. Johnson's address for me?你能替我查出约翰逊先生的地址吗?

    See if you can find out her name and address.看看你是否能查到她的姓名和地址。

    If you've told a lie, someone will soon find you out.如果你撒了谎,有人会揭发你的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The traitor was finally found out and put in prison.那个卖国贼终于被人发现并被监禁了起来。

    The death cause of Marilyn Monro hasn't been found out.玛丽莲·梦露的死因仍未弄清。

    The grafter was found out at great loss of state property.贪污犯被查出,但国家财产已遭受巨大损失。

    As soon as all the facts have been found out, we can begin to formulate a theory.一切事实一经查明,我们就能开始系统地提出一个意见。

    You may get away with dishonesty for a while, but you'll be found out sooner or later.你可能骗人一时,但迟早会被揭穿的。

    find out that-clause

    The teacher was very angry when he found out that the students had been cheating.老师发现学生们一直在作弊异常生气。

    We were about to buy the house when we found out that it was next door to a pub.我们正打算买下这幢房子时,却发现它的隔壁是家小酒吧。

    We soon found out that he was a secret agent .我们很快就查明他是个特务。

    FBI found out that the senator committed bribery.美国联邦调查局查明这个参议员有受贿行为。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    It was found out that certain herbal medicine had curative effect on Aids.经研究发现有些草药对艾滋病有疗效。

    find out wh-clause

    Find out where he is going.弄清楚他要到哪儿去。

    He watched the birds to find out where they go.他注视这些鸟,以便发现他们飞往何处。

    Will you please try to find out what time that train arrives?请设法帮我搞清那趟火车到站的时间好吗?

    Have you found out who rang you up this morning?你有没有了解到,今天早上是谁给你打电话的?

    We have not been able to find out who broke the window.我们未能查出谁打破了玻璃窗。

    Please find out when the train starts.请你查一下火车什么时候开行。

    Can anyone find out when Stephen's birthday is?谁能查出斯蒂芬的生日吗?

    After three days of observation, they found out why the dam was sinking and took measures to stop it.经过三天的观察,他们找到了水坝塌陷的原因,并采取了措施制止。

    The passenger began to feel of his pocket to find out whether there was any small change.那位旅客开始摸摸口袋,看有没有零钱。

  2. 使发作 have an effect on (a weakness) find sb/sth ⇔ out

    This cold weather finds out my old wound.这寒冷的天气使我的旧伤疼痛。

    The overcast and rainy weather found out his arthritis.阴雨天使他的关节炎发作了。

  3. 通过探询或访问获悉(某人)不在 learn by inquiry or paying a visit that sb is away find sb out

    I found him out when I called.我去看他时发现他不在家。

    I called at Smith's this morning and found him out.今天早晨我去史密斯家,发现他出去了。

    I called three times this morning, but found you out every time.今天上午我找了你三次,但每次都发现你不在。

  4. 使受惩罚,使得到报应 bring retribution upon; visit with retribution find sb ⇔ out

    His sins will find him out.他为非作歹,不会有好下场。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~

经典引文

  • Bronze weapons are entirely absent from the great finds of the Iron Age.

    出自:J. Lubbock
  • In 1276, we find the Emperor and the King of England in constant communication.

    出自:M. Pattison
  • I found a shilling on the floor.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • Travelling through the dark I found a deer/dead on the edge of the Wilson River road.

    出自:W. Stafford
  • I found her sitting very quietly, as usual, in her large arm-chair.

    出自:H. Roth

find的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. find的基本意思是“发现,找到”,作“发现”解时指发现已存在而以前不知道的事物,作“找到”解时指找到了所寻找的东西,知道了其下落,强调寻找的结果。引申可作“查明”“偶然遇见”“供给”“到达”“努力获得”“知道…是有的”等解。用于法律术语还可表示“裁决”。
  2. find主要用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、带疑问词的动词不定式或从句作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转换为介词for的宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. find还可接以动词不定式或“(to be+) adj./v -ed/ v -ing/ prep. -phrase”充当补足语的复合宾语。接现在分词时表示动作正在进行; 接过去分词表示动作已经完成; 接动词不定式则表示看到动作的全部过程,不定式符号to可有可无,但如果不定式是to be, to则不可省略,但可省略to be。
  4. find如接以动词不定式、动名词作宾语或以形容词、介词短语充当宾语补足语的复合结构时,一般须采用形式宾语结构。
  5. find后接that从句,可表示发现一个事实、道理; 后接out,可表示故意去找而找到某件难于找到的东西或经过打听、询问之后搞清楚某事,强调付出了一定的努力。
  6. find是瞬间动词,不可用于进行体,也不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。
  7. We have found him a good assistant.可能有两个意思:①我们已替他找到一个好助手。②我们已经发现他是一个好助手。为了不产生误解,①意最好改为:We have found a good assistant for him. ②意最好改为:We have found him to be a good assistant.
n.(名词)
  1. find用作名词意思是“发现”,指抽象的行为,是不可数名词,也可作“发现物”解,尤指有价值的东西,是可数名词。
  2. find还可表示“被发现有惊人能力的人”,是可数名词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
find, search
两者都可作“找,寻”解。其区别在于:find指找到某人或某物; 而search指为找到某人〔物〕而搜查某地点或某人之身,但是search之后,结果不一定是find sb/sth。
find, discover, find out, invent, look for
这组词(组)都有“发明”“发现”的意思。discover指发现或偶然发现原来就存在但一直未被认识的东西; look for作“寻找”解时,指寻找的动作和过程; find指寻找的结果,即“找到”,是非延续性动词,不如discover正式; find out指经过观察、调查把某事、某物查出来,搞清楚,弄明白,多用于复杂而不易直接查出的情况; invent指发明原来不存在的东西,有时也可指虚构、捏造。例如:
Whilhelm Roentgen discovered X rays.威尔海尔姆·伦琴发现了X射线。
He was amazed to find her there.发现她在那里,他很吃惊。
Let's try and find out what's at the back of this problems.咱们想法弄清问题的背景是怎样的。
Whatt invented the steam engine.瓦特发明了蒸汽机。
She ran across some old letters when she was looking for something else.她找别的东西时,偶然翻出几封过去的信。
下面三句的意思相同:
  • Do you find it to pay?
  • Do you find it pay?
  • Do you find it pays?
  • 你认为这样合算吗?
下面两句意思相同:
  • He found food and clothing for the boy.
  • He found the boy in food and clothing.
  • 他供给这个孩子衣食。
  • 注意第一句中的for不能改为to; 第二句里的in不能改为with。
下面各组句子中的意思不同:
  • The dictionary was not found.
  • 词典没有找到。
  • The dictionary was not to be found.
  • 词典不可能找到。
  • I found her home.
  • 我发现她回家了。
  • I found her a home.
  • 我替她找到一处住宅。
下面这个句子可有三种解释:
  • He found her out.
  • 他把她找了出来。
  • 他发现她不在家。
  • 他发觉了她的错误。
discover find detect ascertain
这些动词均有“发现”之意。
  • discover:discover指发现本来已经存在,后被人认识的事物、真理或情况。
  • find:find普通用词,可指偶然发现,也可指经过寻找后得到或重新获得已失去的东西。强调动作的结果。
  • detect:detect正式用词,强调经过周密观察或研究而有所获得和发现,尤指发现有意隐藏之物。
  • ascertain:ascertain较正式用词,指有意搜寻与发现。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 在你来以前,我一直在找词典。

    I had been finding a dictionary before you came.

    I had been looking for a dictionary before you came.

    I had been trying to find a dictionary before you came.

    find表示找寻的结果,即“发现”或“找到”,是终止性动词,不能用于进行体。look for〔try to find〕表示“寻找但还未找到”,可以用于进行体。

  2. 观察了一星期之后,山姆弄明白了为什么这个衬衫厂如此低效。

    After making observations for a week,Sam found why the shirt factory was so inefficient.

    After making observations for a week,Sam found out why the shirt factory was so inefficient.

    表示经探索或观察而发现,特别是发现无形的、隐藏的事情,常用find out加关系代词what, who, where等引导的从句。

  3. 杰克觉得很难向别人解释自己的看法。

    Jack found very difficult to explain his views to others.

    Jack found it very difficult to explain his views to others.

    find后接动词不定式作宾语时应使用形式宾语结构。

  4. 她发现没有人能回答这个问题。

    She found no one answer the question.

    She found no one could answer the question.

    如果从句里用了完成时态或情态动词,句子就不能改用复合结构。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英的语findan,意为遇见,碰到。

find的相关资料:

正版词典

find : 找到;寻得 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • find:find vt. 找到, 发现, 感到, 查明, 得到, 认为, 见到...的存在vi. 裁决n. 发现[计] 在文件中查找指定的字符串 英英解释:名词find:1. a productive ins…

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