watch

  基本词汇  
[wɒtʃ]     [wɑːtʃ]    
  • v.注视;看守;观看
  • n.手表;监视;看守;值班
watched watched watching watches
new

watch是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 注视,监视,注意,密切注意,留神观察
  2. 值夜班;整夜守护
  3. 提防,看守,看着,警戒 ,守卫
  4. 【宗】守夜
  5. 守候,等待
  6. 小心,当心
  7. 照管,照看,看护,守护,留意
  8. 观看,看;观察
n.(名词)
  1. 看守
  2. 监视,注意
  3. 警戒
  4. 值班人员,哨兵,值班的海员
  5. 守夜;值夜
  6. 一班
  7. 【海】值班(时间)
  8. 巡夜人;值班人
  9. <诗>夜间醒时
  10. 船钟
  11. 值班

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 观看,注视 see what is happening
  2. vt. & vi. 照管 be responsible for sb/sth
  3. vt. & vi. 守护,保卫 guard against sb/sth
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 表 a small clock to be worn
  2. [S] [U] 看管 the act of watching carefully

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
watch : 手表 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
watch : 观看, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
watch : 警戒勤务, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
watch : 观看 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a small portable timepiece

  2. a period of time (4 or 2 hours) during which some of a ship's crew are on duty

  3. a purposeful surveillance to guard or observe

  4. the period during which someone (especially a guard) is on duty

  5. a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

  6. the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival)

Verb:
  1. look attentively;

    "watch a basketball game"

  2. follow with the eyes or the mind;

    "Keep an eye on the baby, please!"
    "The world is watching Sarajevo"
    "She followed the men with the binoculars"

  3. see or watch;

    "view a show on television"
    "This program will be seen all over the world"
    "view an exhibition"
    "Catch a show on Broadway"
    "see a movie"

  4. observe with attention;

    "They watched as the murderer was executed"

  5. be vigilant, be on the lookout or be careful;

    "Watch out for pickpockets!"

  6. observe or determine by looking;

    "Watch how the dog chases the cats away"

  7. find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;

    "I want to see whether she speaks French"
    "See whether it works"
    "find out if he speaks Russian"
    "Check whether the train leaves on time"

watch的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I seldom play chess, but I like to watch.
    我很少下棋,但是喜欢看。
  2. Watch what I do and how I do it.
    注意看我的动作和方法。
  3. I was assigned to watch the road.
    我被派去护路。
  4. We sat there watching basketball.
    我们坐在那看篮球比赛。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. How much is that watch?
    那块手表多少钱?
  2. The police put a watch on the suspect's house.
    警方派人监视那个可疑人的住宅。
  3. The guards are still on watch at midnight.
    看守在深夜仍在站岗。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Are you going to play or only watch?
    你打算参加比赛还是只去看看?
  2. Some were playing cards, and others were watching.
    一些人在打牌,另一些人在观看。
  3. She sat there watching, but said nothing.
    她坐在那里看着,但没说什么。
  4. If you watch carefully, you'll see how the trick is done.
    你如果仔细观看,就能看出这一把戏是怎么做的。
  5. Many companies have watched helplessly as their stock prices fell.
    股价下跌时,许多公司无能为力地看着。
  6. The nurse watched to see what would happen.
    护士注意着会发生什么情况。
  7. She watched beside her sick mother's bed for several nights.
    她在她母亲的病榻旁守护了好几夜。
  8. Watch!That tree is going to fall on you!
    当心!那棵树快要倒下来压在你的身上了!
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They seldom watch television during the day.
    他们白天很少看电视。
  2. I love to watch table-tennis matches.
    我喜欢看乒乓球比赛。
  3. We watched a football game yesterday.
    我们昨天看了一场足球赛。
  4. They bought tickets to watch the games.
    他们买了观看比赛的入场券。
  5. I came to watch the fun.
    我来看热闹。
  6. They watched the games while sitting under the trees.
    他们坐在树下看别人做游戏。
  7. They watched the country out of the window.
    他们从窗口看外边的田野。
  8. She watched his face anxiously.
    她焦急地注视着他的脸。
  9. Watch your money or it will be gone before payday.
    花钱当心点,不然在发薪以前你就用光了。
  10. You have to watch your words when you talk to the general.
    你跟将军谈话言辞要谨慎。
  11. I watch the boys at play.
    我照看孩子们玩耍。
  12. I'll watch the patient while you are away.
    你不在的时候,我来看护这病人。
  13. The shepherds watched their flocks.
    牧羊人看守着自己的羊群。
  14. Watch the prisoner and make sure he doesn't escape.
    看着那个犯人,一定别让他逃跑了。
  15. Watch your chance and then run.
    等到时机来了就跑。
  16. Watch your opportunity, and you will succeed.
    等待机会吧,你会成功的。
  17. You had better watch your time and then act.
    你最好等到时机来了再行动。
  18. It's a good plan, but you should watch your time if you want to make sure it's adopted .
    这是个好计划,不过要保证它能被采纳,你得等待时机。
  19. She watched him in silence.
    她默默地望着他。
  20. Watch the magician and try to figure out how he makes the rabbit disappear.
    注意看魔术师,设法弄清楚他是怎样使兔子隐去的。
  21. She watched the train till it disappeared from sight.
    她注视着火车,直到看不见为止。
  22. 用于be ~ed结构
  23. She had a feeling that she was being watched.
    她有一种被别人监视的感觉。
  24. The parade was watched by thousands of people.
    有成千上万的人观看了游行。
  25. The situation is being closely watched.
    正密切关注着那里的局势。
  26. The house is watched by guards.
    这栋房子由警卫守着。
S+~+that-clause
  1. Watch that he doesn't cheat you.
    注意别让他骗了你。
  2. Watch that the baby doesn't fall.
    看好这婴孩,别让他摔着了。
  3. Watch that the milk doesn't boil over.
    当心,不要让牛奶沸溢出来。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. We'll watch what's good and what's bad about him.
    我们将观察他有什么优缺点。
  2. Watch what I do and how I do it.
    看我的动作,看我是怎样做的。
  3. Watch where you are going!
    留意你在往哪儿走!
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to/ -v
  1. We were standing watching them skipping.
    我们站在那里看他们跳绳。
  2. He had watched me grow from childhood.
    他是看着我长大的。
  3. He was watching the crowd go by.
    他注视着人群走过。
  4. I watched him enter that shop.
    我看着他走进了那家商店。
  5. They watched the sun set behind the trees.
    他们观看太阳在树林后面落下。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. They watched a procession filing past.
    他们一直看着游行队伍走过。
  2. He stopped to watch us working.
    他停下来看我们干活。
  3. We watched the girls going through some of the movements they had just learned.
    我们观看了女孩子们练刚学的一些舞步。
  4. I used to sit and watch the boats moving down the river.
    我过去常坐着看河里的船只航行。
  5. They watched Brooks being beaten.
    他们看着布鲁克斯被打败。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed
  1. Helpless, we watched a whole season's labour and half a year's food destroyed.
    我们眼睁睁地看着整整一季度的劳动和半年的粮食给毁掉了。
  2. I watched a whole basket of apples thrown into the river.
    我看着一大筐苹果被倒进了河里。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. My watch is fast.
    我的手表快了。
  2. They make watches.
    他们制造手表。
  3. He forgave her stealing his watch.
    她偷了他的表,他原谅了她。
  4. He got back the watch he lost.
    他丢的表找回来了。
  5. Keep a close watch on everything that happened on the island.
    密切注视岛上发生的一切事情。
  6. The man's cry aroused the town watch.
    那人的喊叫声惊醒了镇上的值夜人。
  7. In spite of the watch set on the house, the thief escaped.
    尽管这幢房子设置了看守人员,小偷还是逃跑了。
  8. A watch usually lasts four hours.
    一班通常持续4个小时。
  9. You'll take the first watch tonight.
    你今晚值第一班。
  10. Call out the watch!
    把巡夜警察叫来!

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
watch for (v.+prep.)
  1. 寻找; 等待 look for or expect sth watch for sb/sth

    The two detectives stood there for an hour watching for the suspect.两个侦探在那里站了一个小时守候嫌疑犯。

    I am watching for the postman all the time.我一直在等候着邮递员。

    Will you watch for the bus while I go into the shop for a moment?你等候公共汽车,我到商店去一会儿,好吗?

    I poked my head out of the window to watch for the signal.我把头伸出窗外,看发出信号没有。

    Watch for our new improved product, which will be on the market next week!等着看我们新改进的产品吧,它们将于下星期开始在市场上销售。

    Our units have watched for battle opportunities for quite a long time.我们部队等待战机已经很久了。

    watch for sb/sth to-v

    I'm just watching for a chance to punish him in return!我正在伺机报复他呢!

    We watched for them to pass.我们等待着他们过去。

    He was watching for the man to leave the house.他在等候那个人从屋里出来。

    watch sth for sth

    Watch this space for notice of our next sale.请在这地方看我们下次拍卖的预告。

    Have you been watching the papers for news of changing exchange rates?你一直盯着看报上关于改变汇率的新闻吗?

watch out (v.+adv.)
  1. 当心 be careful〔说明〕 watch out常不用于进行体,且常用于祈使句。 watch out

    Watch out!This is a very busy road.当心!这条马路交通很繁忙。

    Watch out!There is a car coming.小心!汽车来了。

    Watch out!There is danger ahead.小心!前面有危险。

    Watch out!The roof is falling!当心!屋顶要塌了!

    You'll catch cold if you don't watch out; you need a warmer coat than that.如果你不注意,就会感冒,你需要穿厚一点的外套。

    watch out that-clause

    Watch out that you don't catch cold, going out in the pouring rain.冒着瓢泼大雨出去,当心感冒。

    But watch out that you don't get them into trouble.当心,别让他们碰到麻烦。

  2. 保持警觉 keep alertness watch out

    We need to watch out here.Some dangerous gunners are said to be around this area.我们必须提高警惕。据说这一带有危险的枪手出没。

    Are you all watching out?The Queen will come this way in a few minutes!你们都注意警戒了吗?过几分钟女王就要从这条路经过了!

watch out for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 当心,留神; 注意 be careful; remain alert ; be attentive or observant so that you notice sb/sth watch out for sb/sth

    We should watch out for those friends in disguise.我们应当提防伪装的朋友。

    He asked me to watch out for his uncle who would be wearing a green suit.他要我注意他那位穿一套绿色西装的叔叔。

    The scouts are watching out for enemy patrols.侦察员提防着敌人的巡逻队。

    Watch out for the dog!当心那条狗!

    Watch out for cars when you cross the road.过马路时当心车辆!

    He climbed the mountain carefully, all the time watching out for loose rocks.爬山时,他步步小心怕踩上松动的石头。

    I'm always watching out for mistakes that I may have missed before.我总是警惕着过去可能没注意到的错误。

    The doctor told her to watch out for symptoms of measles.医生叫她注意麻疹出现的症状。

    Watch out for a chance to improve your position in the firm, they don't come very often.要注意抓住提高你在公司地位的机会,这样的机会不多。

    Watch out for these pictures.注意这些影片的上映时间。

watch over (v.+prep.)
  1. 照管 be responsible for sb/sthShe is watching over her sick child.她在照料自己生病的孩子。

    The mother bird is watching over her young. 雌鸟在照看幼鸟。

  2. 看守; 保护 guard or protect from harm or dangerThe dog watches over his master's house.这狗为主人看家。

    They use specially trained dogs to watch over their sheep at night. 夜间他们用受过特殊训练的狗看守羊群。

    Is anyone watching over the jewels while we're out? 我们出门时,有人照看珠宝吗?

    Will you watch over my clothes while I have a swim? 我去游泳时,你替我照料一下衣物好吗?

    The committee's responsibility is to watch over the safety of the workers. 委员会的责任在于保障工人的安全。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The safety of the wounded soldiers on their way to the base hospital must be watched over more vigilantly. 要绝对保证去后方医院的伤员们的安全。

    He was watched over by a police. 他由一个警察看守着。

用作名词 (n.)
be on the watch (for)
  1. 提防,警惕,当心 be on guard; be careful

    The customs inspector was on the watch for diamond smugglers. 海关检查员正密切注视着钻石走私犯的活动。

    The staff are always on the watch for shoplifters. 商店的员工们总是警惕着冒充顾客来行窃的扒手。

    The conductor was always on the watch for such doings. 这个指挥总是提防这样的动作。

    Be on the watch for thieves in this crowd. 在这些人群中要提防有小偷。

    The police were on the watch for any trouble. 警察局提防出现任何乱子。

    We were constantly on the watch,lest we should be surprised. 我们时常警惕着,唯恐被人袭击。

go on watch
  1. 上夜班,值勤 be on duty; keep guard

    The men go on watch when they were working. 这些人上班是值夜班。

keep watch
  1. 站岗,守夜 keep guard; remain awake for devotional purpose

    He kept watch while the other soldiers slept. 当其他的战士都睡觉的时候,他站岗。

    He and the dog kept watch every night. 他和狗每天晚上都守夜。

    He was to keep watch in the lighthouse. 该他到灯塔上值班。

    He keeps watch during your absence. 你不在时他看守。

keep a good watch for
  1. 提防,警惕 be on watch; be careful

    You must keep a good watch for the enemy. 对敌人你们必须保持警戒。

    You must keep a good watch for wild animals. 你必须提防野兽。

keep a watch on
  1. 监视,密切注视 keep guard; watch closely

    The police are keeping a watch on his movement. 警方密切注视着他的动向。

    The government is keeping a close watch on activities of that political party. 政府正密切注视着那政党的活动。

keep a watch over
  1. 照看 look after

    A man keeps watch over the bank at night. 有人在夜间看管银行。

    The girls are keeping watch over the flock. 姑娘们看护她们的羊群。

    The childcare worker kept a good watch over the children. 保姆一直把孩子照料得很好。

maintain a watch
  1. 彻夜不眠,守夜 remain awake by night

    The mother maintained a watch at her sick child's bedside. 母亲彻夜不眠守候在生病的孩子的床边。

on watch
  1. 值班,站岗,监视 on duty

    He is the man on watch. 他就是那个值班的人。

    Several sailors were on watch. 几个水手正在值班。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • Fell into a sadness, then into a fast, Thence to a watch.

    出自:Hamlet,Shakespeare
  • Ladies of the parish had..offered..piously to watch with her.

    出自:H. James

watch的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. watch的基本意思是“观看”“注视”,指用眼睛跟踪某物以观察到每一个动作、变化、危险迹象、机会等。引申可表示“照管”“守护,保卫”等,指明确需要警觉,做好防止危险发生的准备,强调连续性和职务性。
  2. watch既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、that从句或由疑问词引导的从句作宾语,还可接以不带to的动词不定式、现在分词或过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时,常与out, over等连用。
  3. watch接复合宾语时一般不可变为被动结构。
  4. Watch it!和Watch oneself!两者都常用于美国口语中,意为“小心!”。
n.(名词)
  1. watch用作名词时意思是“看守”,表示抽象的动作,也可指“看守者”“水手值班的一班”,旧时还可指“巡夜警察”。
  2. watch也可用作“表,手表”解。
  3. watch常与介词on, for, over连用。
  4. watch常与动词keep连用,其后接for, on, over时watch前可加也可不加不定冠词a,其后不接介词时,即keep watch作“站岗”“守业”解时, watch前不可加不定冠词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
watch sb to/ -v ,watch sb v-ing
watch可接不带to的动词不定式或现在分词作宾语补足语,但含义不同。前者表示看见某个动作的全过程,且此动词一般是瞬间动词; 而后者表示看见某个动作的一部分,且正在进行,有时也表示状态或反复发生的动作,此动词常常是延续性动词。
watch, attend, mind, tend
这组词都有“照料(某人或某物)”的意思,在含义上略有不同:attend侧重“服侍使其更舒服”; mind侧重“保护其不出意外,不受损害”; tend侧重“注意某事使其正常运转”; watch侧重“预先做好防止发生危险的准备”,有连续性或专职性。例如:
  • He attended her through her illness.
  • 她生病期间他一直照顾着她。
  • There was nobody left to mind the shop.
  • 没人留下看守店铺。
  • A farmer is tending his sheep.
  • 农夫在照看羊群。
  • There was a policeman watching the pri- soner outside the house and making sure he didn't escape.
  • 有位警察在监狱外监视那个犯人以 防他逃跑。
watch, look, see
这三个词都有“看”的意思。其区别是:
look指有意识的“动作”;see指有意或无意的“结果”;watch则指有意识地以期待、警觉等心情看上一段时间。例如:
We looked but saw nothing.我们看了,可是什么也没看到。
They are watching a TV play.他们在看电视剧。
n.(名词)
on watch, on the watch for
这两个短语在意思上有所区别:前者的意思是“值班,站岗,监视”, watch前没有定冠词; 后者意思是“密切注意,戒备”, watch前有定冠词。
look see watch observe witness
这些动词均有“看”之意。
  • look:look侧重“看”的动作。
  • see:see指看见。
  • watch:watch指用眼睛跟随某物,以便对每一个变化、运动等进行观察。
  • observe:observe侧重以客观的态度进行观察。
  • witness:witness指当场看见,亲眼看见。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我看见他吃了早饭。

    I watched him to eat his breakfast.

    I watched him eat his breakfast.

    表示“看见某人做了某事”时须接不带to的动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。

  2. 我看见他正在吃早饭。

    I watched him eat his breakfast.

    I watched him eating his breakfast.

    表示“看见某人正在做某事”时须接以现在分词充当补足语的复合宾语。

  3. 有人看见那男孩看了整整一下午的小说。

    The boy was watched reading the novel all afternoon.

    The boy was found reading the novel all afternoon.

    表示“看见”“注视”时, watch一般不用于被动结构。

  4. 昨晚你看电视了吗?

    Did you see the TV last night?

    Did you watch the TV last night?

    Did you look at the TV last night?

  5. 去年夏天我们看了一场特别精彩的《哈姆雷特》。

    We watched an extraordinary production of Hamlet last summer.

    We saw an extraordinary production of Hamlet last summer.

    “看电视”多说watch TV,偶尔也可以说look at TV,但“看戏,看电影”通常用see。

n.(名词)
  1. 你的手表几点钟了?

    What time is your watch?

    What time is it by your watch?

    问手表上所指示的时间,主语一般用it, watch不能作主语。

  2. 我的手表一天慢一分钟。

    My watch goes a minute behind a day.

    My watch loses a minute a day.

    My watch is slow by a minute a day.

    My watch is a minute slow a day.

    表示“手表、时钟快〔慢〕多长时间”一般不说go...behind〔before〕,可说gain〔lose〕...,还可用系表结构be fast〔slow〕 by...或be...fast〔slow〕。

  3. 我是他最好的朋友,我会一直照看他。

    I am his best friend, and I will always watch for him.

    I am his best friend, and I will always watch over him.

    I am his best friend, and I will always keep (a) watch over him.

    表示“负责”“照看”“看守”的意思,可说watch over或keep (a) watch over,前者watch作动词,后者watch作名词。watch for的意思是“留心寻找”。

  4. 过马路时要小心车辆。

    Be on watch for automobiles when you cross the street.

    Be on the watch for automobiles when you cross the street.

    be on the watch for sth ...是“小心…”的意思,定冠词the不可以省略。on watch表示“站岗”的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的waccn,意为看管,觉醒。

watch的相关资料:

正版词典

watch : 手表,挂表 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

watch的相关缩略词,共有16

互动百科

  • watch:watch n. 注视, 注意, 手表, 看守, 守护, 监视, 值班人vt. 看, 注视, 照顾, 监视, 警戒, 守护, 看守vi. 观看, 注视, 守侯adj. 手表的, 挂表的 英英解释:名词…

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