study

  基本词汇  
['stʌdi]     ['stʌdi]    
  • n.研究;学习;学科;书房;(绘画或文学)习作;练习曲;沉思;记忆力…的人;台词记得…的人
  • v.研究;学习;读书;仔细观察;努力
studies studied studied studying studies
new

study是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 学习,攻读,学业
  2. 研究,探讨,调查
  3. 书房,书斋
  4. 学科,课程,研究对象,课题
  5. 研究报告,论文,专题性作品
  6. 习作,试作,试画,练习曲
  7. 尽心,尽力,尽心尽力的目标
  8. 记忆力...的人
  9. 【戏】背台词,背台词的人
  10. 沉思默想,出神
v.(动词)
  1. 学习,攻读,研读,求学
  2. 研究探讨,调查,细察
  3. 记住,背出台词
  4. 仔细考虑,想出,思索
  5. 为...费心思,为...尽力

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 学; 学习; 研究 make efforts to acquire knowledge; work; learn
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 学习,学业,读书 an act of studying one or more subjects
  2. [U] 研究 a thorough enquiry into a particular subject, especially including a piece of writing on it
  3. [C] 书房 a room used for learning

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
study : 习作 ...
study : 书房 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
study : 学习, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
study : 背台词;背 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a detailed critical inspection

  2. applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading);

    "mastering a second language requires a lot of work"
    "no schools offer graduate study in interior design"

  3. a written document describing the findings of some individual or group;

    "this accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale"

  4. a state of deep mental absorption;

    "she is in a deep study"

  5. a room used for reading and writing and studying;

    "he knocked lightly on the closed door of the study"

  6. a branch of knowledge;

    "in what discipline is his doctorate?"
    "teachers should be well trained in their subject"
    "anthropology is the study of human beings"

  7. preliminary drawing for later elaboration;

    "he made several studies before starting to paint"

  8. attentive consideration and meditation;

    "after much cogitation he rejected the offer"

  9. someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play);

    "he is a quick study"

  10. a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique;

    "a study in spiccato bowing"

Verb:
  1. consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning;

    "analyze a sonnet by Shakespeare"
    "analyze the evidence in a criminal trial"
    "analyze your real motives"

  2. be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning

  3. give careful consideration to;

    "consider the possibility of moving"

  4. be a student of a certain subject;

    "She is reading for the bar exam"

  5. learn by reading books;

    "He is studying geology in his room"
    "I have an exam next week; I must hit the books now"

  6. think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes;

    "He is meditating in his study"

study的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This reference book is very useful to our study.
    这本参考书对我们的研究很有用。
  2. He persisted in the study of law.
    他坚持学习法律。
  3. His years of study were useful in his job.
    他多年的学习有助于他的工作。
  4. Physiology is the study of how living things work.
    生理学是研究生物功能的学科。
  5. She secludes herself in her study to work.
    她把自己关在书房里埋头研究。
  6. She stood there in a brown study.
    她站在那里沉思默想。
  7. Harry was a confounded slow study.
    哈里是一个记忆力差透了的人。
  8. He is a quick study.
    他很快就能背诵出台词。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Scientists are studying the photographs of Mars for signs of life.
    科学家们正在研究火星的照片,寻求生命的迹象。
  2. I like to study in the library.
    我喜欢在图书馆学习。
  3. She has been awarded a scholarship to study at Harvard.
    她获得了去哈佛大学读书的奖学金。
  4. He studied himself in the mirror.
    他对着镜子端详自己。
  5. He always studied to avoid disagreeable topics.
    他总是努力避免不愉快的话题。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You can study by yourself.
    你可以自学。
  2. He's studying at home now; he has left school.
    现在他在家里自学,他不上学了。
  3. He went to Oxford to study.
    他到牛津大学去学习了。
  4. Severe criticisms from his teacher prompted him to study hard.
    老师的严厉批评促使他用功学习。
  5. More men will be sent to study abroad.
    将派遣更多的人出国学习。
  6. He often studied late into the night.
    他常常学习到深夜。
  7. The child will not study unless you stand over him.
    除非你监督这男孩,否则他是不会学习的。
S+~+to- v
  1. He was studying to be a doctor.
    他在读医科。
  2. We will study to avoid making mistakes.
    我们要力图不犯错误。
  3. You'll have to keep studying hard to stay ahead of the others.
    你得继续刻苦学习,才能领先于其他人。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He is studying German.
    他在学习德语。
  2. I'm thinking of studying engineering by mail.
    我在想通过函授学工程学。
  3. Helen studied her spelling lesson for half an hour.
    海伦花了半个小时学习拼写课程。
  4. For a year he studied English with a foreign teacher.
    他跟一位外国老师学了一年英语。
  5. We must study their experience in running factories.
    我们必须研究他们管理工厂的经验。
  6. The committee will study the tax plan thoroughly.
    委员会将仔细研究这项税收计划。
  7. I studied him pretty closely at one time.
    有一次我相当仔细地看了看他。
  8. He looked at her hard, studying her face.
    他目不转睛地盯着她,端详着她的脸。
  9. He was studying the map.
    当时他在仔细察看地图。
  10. He studied the picture, which had been taken in the summer time.
    他仔细看这照片,这是夏天照的。
  11. I will study the matter and give you my opinion .
    我将认真考虑一下这个问题,然后将我的意见告诉你。
  12. This school studies the needs of all the children in it.
    这所学校认真考虑所有学童的需要。
  13. 用于be ~ed结构
  14. The works of Picasso are studied by many people in the world.
    毕加索的作品在世界上有许多人在研究。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. They are studying what to do next Sunday.
    他们在研究下星期日做什么。
  2. He studied how to finish the work in the shortest possible time.
    他研究了怎样才能在最短的时间里完成这项工作。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. I must study why he killed himself.
    我必须研究一下他为什么自杀。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ oneself + adj.
  1. They study themselves a little silly.
    他们觉得自己有点傻。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. My brother is fond of study.
    我兄弟喜欢学习。
  2. He went out after an hour's study.
    他学习了一小时后才出去的。
  3. His enthusiasm for study struck his teacher favorably.
    他勤奋学习的热情给老师留下了良好的印象。
  4. The teacher told the class to settle down and begin their study.
    老师要求学生安静下来开始学习。
  5. Facts show that correct study methods are very important.
    事实证明,正确的学习方法是十分重要的。
  6. There are no rooms specifically set aside for quiet study.
    没有专门安排供安静学习之用的房间。
  7. I shall not end my studies when I leave school.
    我离校后不会停止学习。
  8. At last he persuaded his father to allow him to begin his studies at Harvard.
    他终于说服父亲允许他在哈佛大学就读。
  9. He made great progress in his studies.
    他在学业上取得了很大的进步。
  10. How are your medical studies progressing?
    你的医学学业进展如何?
  11. She was returning from her music studies in Vienna.
    她即将结束在维也纳的音乐深造归来。
  12. The matter is under study.
    此事正在研究之中。
  13. My studies will bear good fruit.
    我的研究会结出丰硕成果。
  14. His studies covered a wide field.
    他的研究涉及的范围很广。
  15. He followed up his linguistic studies till he died.
    他毕生孜孜不倦地从事语言学研究。
  16. During his imprisonment of three years he applied himself to serious studies.
    在3年监禁期间,他致力于认真的研究。
  17. He made a study of Shakespeare's plays.
    他研究莎士比亚戏剧。
  18. He made a study of economics.
    他研究经济学。
  19. Professor White makes a special study of English.
    怀特教授专门研究英语。
  20. The city prepared a study on the slum problem.
    该市编写了一份关于贫民窟问题的报告。
  21. The committee made a thorough study of the causes of civil disorders.
    委员会彻底调查了平民骚乱的原因。
  22. The government has ordered a feasibility study in connection with the proposed new airport.
    政府已命令对提议建造的新机场进行可行性研究。
  23. I read your study of farming with interest.
    我饶有兴趣地阅读了你的关于耕作的论文。
  24. Biology is the study of living things.
    生物学是研究生物的学科。
  25. She took up the study of Latin with him.
    她跟他学习拉丁文。
  26. He was busy in his study.
    他在书房里用功。
  27. You will find him in his study.
    你可以在他书房里找到他。
  28. The old man sat reading in his study.
    那位老人坐在书房里看书。
  29. The Chinese pictures hang now in my study.
    那些中国画现挂在我的书房里。
  30. Show the guest into the study.
    请把客人带到书房里去。
  31. He is a study in contradictions.
    他是个颇有争议的人。
  32. The guest is vigorous while the host is a study in poor health.
    客人精力充沛,而主人健康不佳,这一点引起人们的关注。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
study for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为准备(考试等)而努力学习 work hard at learning (from sth such as a book) in preparation for (sth such as an examination) study for sth

    We study for knowledge, not for marks.我们为求知而学习,不是为分数而学习。

    It's difficult to study for a law degree in evening classes while working during the day.白天工作而靠晚上上夜校取得法学学位不是件容易的事。

    He is studying for the bar.他为准备做律师而学习。

    study sth for sth

    Please be quiet,I have to study this book for a test tomorrow.请不要说话,明天要考试了,我得看这本书。

study out (v.+adv.)
  1. 研究出,苦思冥想后解决 find out by study, succeed in finding out by hard thinkingThey have studied out the best way.他们已研究出最好的办法。

    He has studied out the mystery. 他解开了这个谜。

    Finally she studied out the maths problem. 最后她解出了那道数学题。

  2. 为…订出计划,设计,拟定 make a plan for, devise, plotWe studied out a plan for increasing production.我们拟出了一个增产计划。
study under (v.+prep.)
  1. 在(某人)指导下学习 have sb as one's teacher, usually at a high level study under sb

    Jane will be lucky to study under such a famous singer.简能在这样一位著名歌唱家指导下学习,太幸运了。

study up (v.+adv.)
  1. 为某种目的而专门阅读,查阅 do special reading about sth for a specific purpose study sth ⇔ up

    I knew very well about the matter because I'd studied it up in a book.那件事我很熟悉,因为我曾在一本书中查阅过。

    study up on sb/sth

    We should study up on the map before we set out.我们出发前应该好好研究一下地图。

    I'll get a little closer, and study up on him.我要靠近一些,仔细看看他。

  2. 为考试等而钻研 get up for an examination, etc. study up

    He's studying up now.他现在正在为准备考试而用功。

用作名词 (n.)
in a brown study
  1. 沉思,默想,出神 in deep thought; in a reverie

    I didn't speak to him as he seemed to be in a brown study. 我没有跟他说话,因为他好像在沉思。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The Man, who, stretch'd in Isis' calm retreat, To books and study gives sev'n years complete.

    出自:Pope
  • Attempts to broaden the syllabus by including the study of atheism.

    出自:Times
  • To Athens flies; Intensely studies with the Learn'd and Wise.

    出自:P. Francis

study的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. study作名词指“学习”时,可以说the study of Chinese, studies in Chinese, Chinese studies等,但很少说Chinese study。注意Chinese studies比the study of Chinese范围广,不仅包括汉语还有中国文学。有的时侯只能用studies,不可用study

    He is continuing his studies.
    Do you still pursue medical studies?

  2. study作名词指“研究的成果”时,后跟介词of或in。

    This article is a penetrating study of the D. J. Simpson case.
    The book is a study in Chinese culture.

v.(动词)
  1. study的基本意思是“学习”“研究”“攻读”“仔细察看”,指通过读书和思索倾注精神而获得知识或比较深入系统地学习或周密地研究。强调注意的连续性和细致性。
  2. study可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词或带疑问词的动词不定式或从句作宾语,有时还可接“反身代词+形容词”构成的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
n.(名词)
  1. study的基本意思是“学习”,表示抽象的行为,用作不可数名词; 表示具体的“学业”时,通常用复数形式; 表示对某一课题的“研究”,一般在其前加冠词并跟介词of连用, of后接研究的内容或对象,用作可数名词; 作“书房”解时,用作可数名词。
  2. study也可表示绘画的“习作”“练习曲”,用作可数名词。
  3. study还可表示“引人注意的或不同寻常的事物或景象”,常跟不定冠词a连用。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
study, contemplate, consider, weigh
这四个词都可表示“考虑”。contemplate指沉思默想,强调持久的、冷静的、注意力集中的思维,但不包含思维的目的、方法或结果; consider是一般用语,指某人在对具体事情作出决定之前进行更自觉、深度和广度更大、目的性更强的思索; study语气比consider更强些,指某人对某问题进行持久的、有目的的、慎重而细致的研究,根据此项所得的结果作出计划或采取某一行动; weigh指某人在作出决策前把一事物和别的事仔细进行比较,在心中权衡,考虑其利害和全局需要,再选择对其有利的东西。
study, learn
这两个词的共同意思是“学习”。其区别是:
1.learn侧重指通过经验、练习或经别人指教而获得知识或技能,强调结果;而study指专心钻研而获得知识,有探讨和研究的意思,强调学习的过程。例如:
He was studying the map.他正在仔细看地图。
2.学习技能(如to swim)只能用learn,不能用 study 。
3.“向某人学习”只能用learn,不能用study。例如:
We should learn from the advanced workers.我们应该向先进工作者学习。
4.“在…学习”只能用study,而不能用learn。例如:
Mary is studying at the University.玛丽在这所大学学习。
learn study
这两个动词均含“学习”之意。
  • learn:learn常指一般性的学习,尤指初级阶段的学习,表示摹仿实践的过程;着重成果时,作“学会”解。
  • study:study着重指学习过程和高深的或周密的研究,尤指从书本上学习。
study consider ponder weigh contemplate
这些动词均有“考虑、思考、估量”之意。
  • study:study普通用词,指对各方面考虑,在制订出计划或采取具体动作之前作认真检查。
  • consider:consider既指一时的对某事的考虑,也指长时间的深入的思考。
  • ponder:ponder侧重仔细、深入、连续地考虑问题,以作出认真的估计和正确的抉择。
  • weigh:weigh指作出决策前把问题的各个方面进行比较,权衡利害得失,取有利的方面。
  • contemplate:contemplate通常指长时间思考某事,有时含无确定的实际目的。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他正在澳大利亚求学。

    He is pursuing his studying in Australia.

    He is pursuing his studies in Australia.

    表示“求学”,应该说 pursue one's studies,其中 study 通常要用复数形式。

  2. 我们应该向雷锋同志学习。

    We should study from Comrade Lei Feng.

    We should learn from Comrade Lei Feng.

    study 和learn 都可以表示“学习”, study 含有“研究”的意思, learn 指模仿性地学习。

  3. 他正在研究古代历史。

    He is doing a study of ancient history.

    He is making a study of ancient history.

    表示“研究”或“观察”往往用 make a study of结构,这里动词 make 不能用 do 代替。

  4. 他们正在约翰逊教授的指导下研究物理。

    They are studying Physics from Professor Johnson.

    They are studying Physics under Professor Johnson.

    表示“在某人指导下研究、工作等”,可用study sth under sb结构。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:routine screening for breast cancer is to be extended to older women in a study announced by the government yesterday.

    纠正:routine screening for breast cancer is to be extended to older women according to a government study.

    翻译:根据一项政府研究,乳腺癌的常规检查范围将扩大到老年妇女。

    分析:不是在研究中扩大检查,而是检查扩大范围。

词源解说

  • ☆ 12世纪初期进英入语,直接源自古法语的estudier,意为学习;最初源自拉丁语的studium,意为应用。

study的相关资料:

正版词典

study : 检查, 研 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
study : 研究;调查 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • study:study n. 学习, 研究, 学科, 试作, 论文, 求学, 努力, 书房vt. 学习, 攻读, 研究, 考虑, 计划vi. 学习, 试图习惯用语Afro-American [black] -di…

临近单词

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