examine

  核心词汇  
[ɪɡ'zæmɪn]     [ɪɡ'zæmɪn]    
  • vt.检查;调查;考试;仔细观察
  • vi.检查;调查
examinable examiner examined examined examining examines
new

examine是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 考试,测验
v.(动词)
  1. 检验,检查,检测,检定
  2. 调查,审问,盘问,审查,讯问,质问
  3. 诊察,观察,查看
  4. 测验,(对...)考试,对...进行考核,考查,考察,考
  5. 研究
  6. 搜索
  7. 细查,细阅
  8. 查问,询问

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 仔细检查 look at carefully in order to learn about or from
  2. vt. 考试,考核 ask questions to find out what sb knows or what they can do
  3. vt. 审查,审问 investigate; interrogate

行业释义

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examine : 检查, 调查 ...
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examine : 检查, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning;

    "analyze a sonnet by Shakespeare"
    "analyze the evidence in a criminal trial"
    "analyze your real motives"

  2. observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect;

    "The customs agent examined the baggage"
    "I must see your passport before you can enter the country"

  3. question or examine thoroughly and closely

  4. question closely

  5. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to;

    "This approach has been tried with good results"
    "Test this recipe"

examine的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The doctor examined her carefully.
    医生仔细检查了她的身体。
  2. Examine the account well before you pay it.
    在付款以前仔细核对一下帐目。
  3. He was unable to examine the issue with detachment.
    他不能客观公正地调查这一问题。
  4. The teacher will examine the students in English.
    老师要考学生的英语了。
  5. He went to the Congo to examine a new volcano.
    他曾去刚果察看一座新火山。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Examine the falsework of a house.
    检查一座房屋的临时鹰架。
  2. The OFT will also examine customer satisfaction.
    公平交易办公室也会调查顾客的满意度。
  3. It is necessary to examine how the proposals can be carried out.
    有必要调查一下怎样才能实施这些方案。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The doctor examined the child and said she was healthy.
    医生检查了孩子后说她很健康。
  2. I examined the door and found it was locked.
    我查看过门,发现是锁了的。
  3. He roughly examined the old records.
    他粗略地检查了一下旧记录。
  4. They examined our passports very carefully.
    他们非常仔细地检查了我们的护照。
  5. Several engineers went to the workshop to examine a model.
    有几位工程师曾到车间去检查模型。
  6. Bass examined the quality of the furniture critically.
    巴斯以挑剔的目光检查家具的质量。
  7. He examined the man with a penetrating gaze.
    他以锐利的目光仔细观察了那个人。
  8. He examined the specimen microscopically.
    他用显微镜观察过标本。
  9. He examined every thing, every drawing in the museum.
    他在博物馆内仔细地观看了每件东西、每幅图画。
  10. People always examine and handle problems in the light of their own experience.
    人们总是根据自己的经验来观察问题和处理问题。
  11. They examined the animal tracks and decided that they were those of a fox.
    他们仔细观察野兽留下的足迹,断定那是狐狸的脚印。
  12. The policeman examined the suspicious man.
    警察盘问了那个可疑的人。
  13. The Upper House appointed a committee to examine a bill which the Assembly had already passed.
    上院议员指派一个委员会来审查议会已经通过的方案。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. All candidates must first of all be orally examined.
    所有的考生必须先参加口试。
  16. He was examined by the police.
    他受到警察的盘问。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. They were examining whether this matter was good or bad.
    他们正在审查这件事是好是坏。
其他 v -ed as o-Compl.
  1. If she wants to go swimming in this weather she needs her head examined!
    如果她想在这种天气去游泳,她就需要检查一下头脑是不是有了毛病。
  2. He wanted his eyes examined, as he often had headaches.
    因为他经常头痛,所以他想把眼睛检查一下。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
examine for (v.+prep.)
  1. 检〔审〕查; 检验…以寻找(毛病、错误等) look at (sb/sth) carefully, searching for (sth such as a fault) examine sb/sth for sth

    The doctor examined him for possible heart disease.医生给他做了检查,看他是否患有心脏病。

    They are examining the wall of my house for cracks.他们正在检查我家的墙壁,寻找裂缝。

examine in (v.+prep.)
  1. 在(某方面)考查〔测试〕(某人) ask (sb) questions to test his knowledge of (a subject) examine sb in sth

    The teacher will examine the students in music.老师将测验学生们的音乐知识。

examine into (v.+prep.)
  1. 调查,查问 inquire into examine into sth

    Let's examine into the basic mechanism involved.让我们把有关的基本结构搞清楚。

    We need to examine into details.我们必须详细检查。

    They spent some time examining into the rumor that an underground passage led from the castle to the marsh.他们花了一些时间考查关于古堡有条暗道通往那片沼泽地的传说。

    They examined into his conduct.他们考查了他的品行。

examine on (v.+prep.)
  1. 在(某方面)考查〔测试〕(某人) ask (sb) questions to test sth

    We examined them on the Bible . 我们考了他们的《圣经》知识。

    The teacher examined the students on the previous lesson. 这位老师检查了学生们前一课的学习情况。

    From time to time I will examine you on the work you have done. 我会时不时地考核你所做的工作。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Students may be examined on any period of English literature. 可能就英国文学的任何一个时期对学生进行测验。

  2. 在(某方面)审问(某人) interrogate (sb) on (sth)

    The witness was examined on her relationship with the accused. 证人在她和被告的关系问题上受到讯问。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • She examined the shelves, note-book in hand.

    出自:C. P. Snow
  • The man in front was having his passport examined.

    出自:L. Hellman
  • He..walks nervously around the room examining books and paintings.

    出自:Le Roi Jones

examine的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. examine的基本意思是“检查”,指通过严密的调查或向某人提问来确定某物〔事物〕的性质、状况、效力或功能等。
  2. examine通常只用作及物动词,可接名词、代词作宾语,也可接whether从句作宾语。可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
examine in, examine on
这两个短语都可表示“在…方面考查”,前者考查的范围较广,后者则较集中。
examine, inspect, investigate, scrutinize
这四个词均有“检查”“审查”的含义。它们之间的区别是:examine为最普通的用语,可指任何方式地、粗略或仔细地检查; inspect和scrutinize都有仔细检查的含义,前者强调通过检查找出缺点或漏洞,后者强调在检查时注意细节的审视。另外examine, inspect, scrutinize既可用于人,又可用于物,而investigate只能用于表示对情况、事态等的调查或检查。试体会下例中这四个词的运用:The detective investigating the murder case examined the body, inspected the scene of the crime, and scrutinized the weapon for clues.正在调查这一谋杀案的侦探检查了尸体,察看了犯罪现场,并仔细检查了凶器以寻找线索。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我们明天将考英语。

    We'll examine English tomorrow.

    We're being examined in English tomorrow.

    We're being examined on the knowledge of English tomorrow.

    表示“考某一科目”常用“examine sb in+科目”这种结构,也可以说“examine sb on the knowledge of+科目”,但不可直接接“科目”作宾语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左进右入英语,直接源自古法语的examiner,意为质问;最初源自拉丁语的examinare,意为测量,检查。

examine的相关资料:

正版词典

examine : 检查;调查 ...
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  • examine:examine v. 检查, 调查, 考试 英英解释:动词examine:1. consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to di…

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