down

  基本词汇  
[daʊn]     [daʊn]    
  • adv.向下
  • prep.沿着 ... 而下
  • adj.向下的;消沉的;无礼的
  • n.绒毛;汗毛
  • v.击倒;打败;吞下;被抑制
downed downed downing downs
new

down是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 下降,降
  2. 向下,向楼下
  3. 在下面
  4. 向南方
  5. 在南方
  6. 减少,减弱,由大到小
  7. 放下
  8. 变差
  9. 立即付现
  10. 倒下,病倒
  11. 减退
  12. 低落
prep.(介词)
  1. 沿着
  2. 在下游
  3. 往下方
  4. 沿着...往下, 顺(流)而下
  5. 进市区,到商业区
  6. 在市区,在商业区
  7. 自...以上
  8. 在...那边,在...另一头
  9. <英口>到,去
  10. 在…下方
  11. 在…尽头
  12. 往…的下游
adj.(形容词)
  1. 下行的,向下的
  2. 沮丧的,心灰意懒的,情绪低落的
  3. <口>已完成的
  4. 不在工作的
  5. 第一期的
  6. 沿海的
  7. 河口地方的
  8. 向南开的
  9. 现付的
  10. 落后(于对手)的
  11. 悲哀的
n.(名词)
  1. 绒毛,柔毛,汗毛,绒羽,软毛,鸭绒
  2. 下降,下行
  3. 萧条
  4. <口>怨恨,厌恶
  5. 岗,丘,山丘,开阔的高地
  6. 下位
  7. 倒霉,潦倒 ,落魄,失意
v.(动词)
  1. 咽下,喝下,吞下
  2. 击倒,打倒,使倒下
  3. 下降
  4. <美>打败
  5. 打下,击落
  6. 使屈服
  7. 扔下,丢下
  8. 平息
  9. 忘掉
  10. 砍倒
  11. 潦倒
  12. 放下
  13. 下去,下来
  14. 撞倒
  15. 把…压下去
  16. 将某人扔在地上

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 向下,在下面 from above towards a lower place or position; in a low or lower than usual place or level
  2. 由大到小,由强到弱 into a smaller, lower, thinner, weaker, etc., state
  3. 往南 in or towards the south
  4. 处于低等地位,处于潦倒状态 in or towards a lower or worse condition
prep.(介词)
  1. (表示位置)在…的下方; 在…的下端 in a lower place in; downwards by way of
  2. (表示时间)自…以来; 持续一段时间 from an earlier to a late point in time
  3. (表示方向)沿着…向下; 沿着,顺着; 向…那一端; 朝〔在〕…的下游地区; 朝〔在〕…的南方; 到,去; 从页首开始,向…的底部看 in a lower place, downwards by way of; along; to or at the far end of; in the direction of the current of; for places south of the speaker; to; of a written or printed document—in a direction from the top to the bottom of the page
adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]向下的,下行的 directed or going down
  2. [P]沮丧的,情绪低落的 sad; in low spirits
  3. [P](以…)落后于对手的 behind an opponent (by)
  4. [P]完成了的,已处理的 finished; already dealt with

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
down : 关闭 ...
down : 向下, 在下 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
down : 丘陵 ...
在 《外教社农业英语词典》 中查看更多...
down : 丘陵 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
down : 向下, 在下 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
down : 向 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
down : 舞台 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. soft fine feathers

  2. (American football) a complete play to advance the football;

    "you have four downs to gain ten yards"

  3. English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)

  4. (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil

  5. fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)

Adjective:
  1. being or moving lower in position or less in some value;

    "lay face down"
    "the moon is down"
    "our team is down by a run"
    "down by a pawn"
    "the stock market is down today"

  2. extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;

    "the down staircase"
    "the downward course of the stream"

  3. becoming progressively lower;

    "the down trend in the real estate market"

  4. being put out by a strikeout;

    "two down in the bottom of the ninth"

  5. understood perfectly;

    "had his algebra problems down"

  6. lower than previously;

    "the market is depressed"
    "prices are down"

  7. shut;

    "the shades were down"

  8. not functioning (temporarily or permanently);

    "we can't work because the computer is down"

  9. filled with melancholy and despondency ;

    "gloomy at the thought of what he had to face"
    "gloomy predictions"
    "a gloomy silence"
    "took a grim view of the economy"
    "the darkening mood"
    "lonely and blue in a strange city"
    "depressed by the loss of his job"
    "a dispirited and resigned expression on her face"
    "downcast after his defeat"
    "feeling discouraged and downhearted"

Adverb:
  1. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position;

    "don't fall down"
    "rode the lift up and skied down"
    "prices plunged downward"

  2. away from a more central or a more northerly place;

    "was sent down to work at the regional office"
    "worked down on the farm"
    "came down for the wedding"
    "flew down to Florida"

  3. paid in cash at time of purchase;

    "put ten dollars down on the necklace"

  4. from an earlier time;

    "the story was passed down from father to son"

  5. to a lower intensity;

    "he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black"

  6. in an inactive or inoperative state;

    "the factory went down during the strike"
    "the computer went down again"

Verb:
  1. drink down entirely;

    "He downed three martinis before dinner"
    "She killed a bottle of brandy that night"
    "They popped a few beer after work"

  2. eat immoderately;

    "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal"

  3. bring down or defeat (an opponent)

  4. shoot at and force to come down;

    "the enemy landed several of our aircraft"

  5. cause to come or go down;

    "The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect"
    "The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet"

  6. improve or perfect by pruning or polishing;

    "refine one's style of writing"

down的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Please sit down.
    请坐下。
用作介词 (prep.)
  1. He is walking down the seaside.
    他正沿海边走去。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I've been feeling down since I lost my job.
    自从失去工作後,我的情绪一直处於低潮。
  2. She's terribly down on people who don't do things her way.
    她对不按她的要求做事的人十分不满。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. A quilt stuffed with the down of the eider duck.
    这条被子是用绒鸭毛做芯子的。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Antiaircraft guns downed three bombers.
    高射炮击落了三架轰炸机。
  2. He downed his opponent with a quick right to the jaw.
    他迅速准确击中对手的下颌而把他击倒。
  3. The Dodgers downed the Mets in last night's game.
    在昨晚比赛中道杰斯队击败了梅兹队。
  4. Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal.
    有些人一顿饭就可以吞吃许多肉。
  5. I don't think her regret will down.
    我认为她的悔恨不会消除。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. The man bent down to kiss the child.
    那男人俯下身子去亲吻小孩。
  2. It's very early, and no one is down yet.
    时间太早,楼下还没有人。
  3. Don't let the fire burn down.
    别让火熄灭。
  4. I wish you would turn the radio down a bit.
    我真希望你能把收音机的音量调低一些。
  5. The military government had kept the people down for many years.
    军政府压制人民很多年了。
  6. That family has certainly come down in the world.
    那个家族确实衰落了。
  7. Once a very rich man, he is now down and out and must depend upon his friends for help.
    他曾是一个很富的人,现在完全潦倒了,必须靠朋友周济。
  8. Don't be down on him.
    不要对他有偏见。
  9. Wheat is down over 10 percent.
    小麦跌价一成多。
  10. He is down with a cold.
    他患了伤风。
用作介词 (prep.)
  1. Their house is down the hill.
    他们的房子在山下。
  2. His office is down the stair.
    他的办公室在楼下。
  3. He looked down the barrel of the gun.
    他顺着枪管往另一端看。
  4. The story came down the ages.
    这个故事从古代流传至今。
  5. He looked back down the last year.
    他回顾了去年的情景。
  6. The tears trickled down her cheeks.
    热泪一滴滴从她脸颊上滚下来。
  7. I saw him walking down the street.
    我看见他在沿着街走。
  8. They hired a boat and went for a row down the river.
    他们租了条小船,划向河的下游。
  9. The movement spread down the Rhine.
    这运动沿着莱茵河往下游地区蔓延开来。
  10. I am just going down the shops.
    我正要去商店。
  11. He always looks down the column of the TV program in the newspaper before he starts reading the news.
    在阅读报上的新闻以前,他总是先把电视节目栏从头到尾看一遍。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Cast a down look!
    向下看!
  2. He walked to the elevator and pushed the down button.
    他走到电梯旁按了一下“向下”的按钮。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. We felt very down after the party was over .
    舞会结束后我们甚感沮丧。
  2. I feel down today.
    我今天感到沮丧。
  3. He was down by 15:40 in the third game.
    在第3局中他以15比40输给对方。
  4. The student reported to his parents on his exams:five down and two to go.
    那个学生向他父母汇报考试情况:已考完五科,还剩两科。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He felt down about his failure.
    他对自己的失败感到沮丧。
S+be+~+that-clause
  1. He was so down that he didn't want to live any longer.
    他情绪低落以至于不想活了。

词汇搭配

用作介词 (prep.)
动词+~ ~+名词

经典引文

  • Little, lost, Down churches praise The Lord who made the hills.

    出自:R. Kipling
  • Baby pigeons covered with yellow down.

    出自:L. MacNeice
  • The index spent most of the morning on the down.

    出自:Times
  • He talked of one whom he did not know, but I downed him with the King of Prussia.

    出自:S. Johnson
  • His horse..had downed him three times.

    出自:R. S. Surtees
  • The American fighters reported downing 110 of the Nazi interceptors.

    出自:Sun (Baltimore)
  • London Lords downed Kitchener Oaks 31s14 yesterday.

    出自:Globe Mail (Toronto)
  • Downed trees with their roots..sticking high in the air.

    出自:New Yorker
  • The bamboo blinds were pulled down.

    出自:O. Manning
  • She looked down at her plate.

    出自:C. P. Snow
  • I go up and down like a seesaw.

    出自:M. Roberts
  • For two-and-a-half hours, up hill, down dale, they had been rushing through cold scenery.

    出自:E. Bowen
  • I came down the steps.

    出自:M. Amis

down的详细讲解:

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ofunde,意为下面。

down的相关资料:

正版词典

down : [英语]〈无 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
down : 胎毛 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
down : 向下方,朝 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【反义词】

互动百科

  • down:定义主要是形容角色状况的形容词,意思是角色受到攻击并倒地,一般情况下都是用作连接其它词语使用的。 举例例如“DOWN回避”“DOWN攻击”等等。…

临近单词

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