miserable

  常用词汇  
['mɪzrəbl]     ['mɪzrəbl]    
  • adj. 痛苦的;悲惨的;贫乏的;狼狈的
new

miserable的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 不幸的
  2. 痛苦的
  3. 可怜的
  4. 卑鄙的
  5. 悲惨的
  6. 粗劣的
  7. 可耻的
  8. 凄惨的
  9. 悲哀的
  10. 讨厌的
  11. 令人不快的
  12. 太少的
  13. 少得可怜的
  14. 糟糕的
  15. 非常难受的
  16. 使(人)难受的
  17. 使不舒服的
  18. 使人伤心的
n. (名词)
  1. 不幸的人
  2. 穷困不堪的人

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 悲惨的,不幸的,可怜的 very unhappy or uncomfortable; wretched
  2. 令人痛苦的,令人不快的 causing unhappiness or discomfort; unpleasant
  3. 低劣的; 贫乏的 poor in quality or quantity
  4. 卑鄙的,可耻的,可恶的 mean; contemptible

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. very unhappy; full of misery;

    "he felt depressed and miserable"
    "a message of hope for suffering humanity"
    "wretched prisoners huddled in stinking cages"

  2. deserving or inciting pity;

    "a hapless victim"
    "miserable victims of war"
    "the shabby room struck her as extraordinarily pathetic"
    "piteous appeals for help"
    "pitiable homeless children"
    "a pitiful fate"
    "Oh, you poor thing"
    "his poor distorted limbs"
    "a wretched life"

  3. of the most contemptible kind;

    "abject cowardice"
    "a low stunt to pull"
    "a low-down sneak"
    "his miserable treatment of his family"
    "You miserable skunk!"
    "a scummy rabble"
    "a scurvy trick"

  4. of very poor quality or condition;

    "deplorable housing conditions in the inner city"
    "woeful treatment of the accused"
    "woeful errors of judgment"

  5. characterized by physical misery;

    "a wet miserable weekend"
    "spent a wretched night on the floor"

  6. contemptibly small in amount;

    "a measly tip"
    "the company donated a miserable $100 for flood relief"
    "a paltry wage"
    "almost depleted his miserable store of dried beans"

miserable的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Her wretchedness made him feel miserable.
    她的不幸让他感到十分难受。
  2. You made Grace Howland's life miserable.
    你使格雷斯·豪兰的生活痛苦不堪。
  3. The handmaid led a miserable life.
    婢女过着悲惨的生活。
  4. There are still many people whose living conditions are miserable.
    仍有许多人的生活条件是很艰苦的。
  5. How can I keep a family on such a miserable wage?
    我怎么能靠这少得可怜的工资养家?

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. We have a miserable life.
    我们过了一段悲惨的生活。
  2. They started their holiday on a miserable day.
    他们假期开始时天气很不好。
  3. He was born in a miserable family.
    他出身于一个贫困的家庭。
  4. We have been living in this miserable house for years.
    我们在这所粗劣的房子里住了好多年。
  5. What a miserable old devil he was!
    他是多么可恶的吝啬鬼呀!
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The laboring people's life is miserable in the old society.
    旧社会劳动人民的生活很悲惨。
  2. Her past life was miserable.
    她过去的生活很苦。
  3. Their living conditions are miserable.
    他们的生活条件太糟糕了。
  4. She felt miserable for months after she got her divorce.
    她离婚后难过了好几个月。
  5. He was miserable after his sons were all killed by the enemy.
    他的儿子全被敌人杀害后,他痛苦万分。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. We all felt very miserable at the bad news.
    听到这个消息,我们大家感到很难过。
  2. They were miserable with hunger and cold.
    他们饥寒交迫。
It is/was+~+of sb+to- v
  1. It was miserable of you to make fun of him.
    你取笑他,这是可耻的。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. He makes her life miserable.
    他使她的生活苦不堪言。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • She was miserable and agitated and quarrelling with everyone.

    出自: C. Angier

miserable的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. miserable的基本意思是“悲惨的,不幸的,可怜的”,用于人时指身心处于极为痛苦的状态,也指可怜的贫困或不体面; 用于物时指极为贫乏、不充足或粗劣,令人痛苦或悲愤,引申可表示“低劣的,贫乏的”“卑鄙的,可耻的”。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
miserable, sorrowful, sorry, unhappy
  • 这四个词都可表示“难过”。其区别是:
  • sorry指因自己或他人的不幸引起的伤感,带有遗憾和惋惜的色彩; miserable指因身体、精神和外界因素引起的痛苦; unhappy指“不高兴”“心情不快”,有时也表示较为长久的不满意; sorrowful意为“悲哀的,悲伤的”,语气比sorry要强的多。例如:
  • The child's cold, hungry and tired, so of course he's feeling miserable.这孩子疲惫不堪,又冷又饿,他当然感到非常难受。
  • I could see how unhappy she was from her sorrowful face.从她满面愁容的表情我能看出她是多么的不愉快。
  • miserable, wretched
  • 这两个词都有“痛苦的,悲惨的”意思。miserable指某种境况,如贫困、屈辱或不幸而造成的肉体与精神上的痛苦; wretched指由于忧伤,疾病等引起而使外表看起来悲惨、穷困、肮脏,含有极端沮丧之意。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的miserabilis,意为值得同情。
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