- n. 堆；大量；绒面；桩；<俚>大笔钱财
- v. 堆积；积累；拥入；夸张
- [C]一堆,一叠 a tidy collection of objects, especially when made of a number of things of the same kind placed on top of each other
- [S]大量的钱,财产 a very large amount of money; fortune
- vt. & vi. 堆起; 堆叠 make into a pile; put on or in a pile
a collection of objects laid on top of each other
(often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;
"a batch of letters"
"a deal of trouble"
"a lot of money"
"he made a mint on the stock market"
"see the rest of the winners in our huge passel of photos"
"it must have cost plenty"
"a slew of journalists"
"a wad of money"
a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit);
"she made a bundle selling real estate"
"they sank megabucks into their new house"
fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)
battery consisting of voltaic cells arranged in series; the earliest electric battery devised by Volta
a column of wood or steel or concrete that is driven into the ground to provide support for a structure
the yarn (as in a rug or velvet or corduroy) that stands up from the weave;
"for uniform color and texture tailors cut velvet with the pile running the same direction"
a nuclear reactor that uses controlled nuclear fission to generate energy
arrange in stacks;
"heap firewood around the fireplace"
"stack your books up on the shelves"
press tightly together or cram;
"The crowd packed the auditorium"
place or lay as if in a pile;
"The teacher piled work on the students until the parents protested"
- We put the books in piles on the floor.
- I have a huge pile of letters to deal with.
- The thick pile of a luxurious bath towel touches soft.
- He has made a study on depth effect of pile foundation.
- See that pile of lumbering by the barn?
- The little boy is piling up his building blocks.
- The cart is piled high with fruit and vegetables.
- Try to solve it immediately and never pile up problems for yourself.
- Cars often pile up here in the rush hours.
- They pile into me from all sides.
- It's probably not as bad as she says she does tend to pile it on.
- The situation is frightful, but it's just piling on the agony to keep discussing it.
- At the moment the book you want is at the bottom of that pile, and can't be got at.
- That pile on the left are the ones that have been picked out for the library.
- Collect the books and put them in a pile on my desk.
- The man lifted a pile of books from the bedside table.
- She kept the pile of letters in a drawer in her desk.
- I opened the door and a pile of leaves blew in.
- One day while sweeping the compound he discovered seven eggs in a pile of straw.
- I've a pile of work to knock off before I can take my holiday.
- Children enjoy kicking piles of dead leaves around.
- While you're cleaning out the garage, please dispose of those piles of old newspapers.
- The magnet crane moves scrap iron from piles into trucks.
- The closet was full of piles of old books.
- Anyone who wants to teach has to take piles of their education courses.
- I've got piles of work to do.
- The children eat piles of butter on their bread.
- The engine seems to need piles of oil.
- He must have piles of money to own a car like that.
- The pile engine drove the pile into the river bank.
- He piled a lot of logs.
- The student piled his books.
- The farmer piled straw in the loft.
- Pile the leaves in the corner of the yard.
- make a pile
挣大钱; 发财 earn a lot of money
- pile against (v.+prep.)
靠…堆积 be added in a mass leaning sth
pile against sth
Snow piled against the fence.
- pile in (v.+adv.)
(使)塞进; (使)挤入 (cause to) enter in a mass or crowd
The driver told us to pile in
He opened the door and they all piled in.
他把门打开,他们一拥而入。pile sth ⇔ in
We piled all the luggage in and drove off.
- pile in on (v.+adv.+prep.)
包围着 surround (sb) as if to attack
pile in on sb
Unpleasant memories have been piling in on her since that unfortunate meeting with her old enemy.
- pile into (v.+prep.)
〈非正〉(使)挤进,塞进 (cause to) enter (a place) in a mass or crowd
pile into sth
The crowd piled into the bus in a few seconds.
All of us piled into Peter's car and headed back to the flat.
- pile it on
〈非正〉夸大事实 stretch the truth
- pile off (v.+adv.)
成群地离开 leave in a crowd
The bus stopped, and crowds of passengers piled off.
- pile on1 (v.+adv.)
(使)堆积; (使)拥入 (cause to) be added in a mass or crowd
The lorries drew up, and they piled on.
- pile on2 (v.+prep.)
在…上堆积 make a mass of (sth or things) on top of (sth)
pile sth on sth
He is piling coal on a fire.
- pile onto (v.+prep.)
(使)堆在…上; (使)涌上… (cause to) take a position on top of (sth) in a mass or crowd
pile sth onto sth
They piled wood onto the bonfire until the flames roared.
- pile out (v.+adv.)
成群离去; 蜂拥而出 leave in a crowd
After the game, crowds of football fans piled out.
球赛结束后,成群的足球迷涌出了赛场。pile out of sth
They piled out of the theatre.
The police were waiting for the hooligans as they piled out of the train.
- pile up (v.+adv.)
The clouds are piling up.
Perishable goods are piling up at the docks because of the strike of tally clerks.
Snow continues to pile up deeper and deeper year after year.
He found that piles of silks, piles of silver and gold piled up to the roof.
Evidence was piling up against them.
His debts are piling up.
Work has piled up during his absence.
在他离开期间工作积压起来了。pile sth ⇔ up
He piled up fallen leaves in a corner of the yard.
He piled grass up near our breakfast fire.
He piled up much information on the American Indians.
They quickly piled up fortunes.
A bus and three cars piled up on the main road this morning.
One car made a sudden stop and the two cars behind it piled up.
- pile with (v.+prep.)
往…堆放; 把…堆给 load (a container) with a mass of (sth or things); give (sb/sth) a lot of (sth)
pile sth with sth
The workers piled the lorry with coal.
He piled the table with papers.
Our generous host piled our plates with food.
The truck was piled high with fruits and vegetables.
- a pile of books 一堆书
- a pile of plates 一堆盘子
- a pile of sand 一堆沙子
- a pile of trouble 一大堆麻烦事
- a pile of work 大量的工作
- pile book 堆书
- pile box 堆箱子
- pile fruit 堆水果
- pile leaves 堆树叶
- pile letter 堆信
- pile straw 堆稻草
- pile vegetable 堆蔬菜
- pile high 堆积如山
- pile commercially 商业积累
- pile grudgingly 勉强地堆积
- pile incessantly 持续不断地堆积
- pile indiscriminately 不分好坏地堆积
- pile monumentally 雄伟地堆叠
- pile murderously 极其危险地堆积
- pile simultaneously 同时堆积
- pile slowly 慢慢地堆积
- pile toweringly 高高地堆积
- pile unbelievably 不可思议地堆积
- pile widely 大规模地堆积
- pile in (使)挤进
- pile off 成群地离开
- pile on 堆上,挤上
- pile out 涌出
- pile up 堆成山
- pile up debts 债台高筑
The piles upon which the house was poised.出自： C. McCullough
Two piles..supported the central span.出自： J. Mark
Deep piles..to reach through the silt.出自：Construction News
The thick..pile of Susan's new carpet.出自： A. Brink
The huge pile of sawdust.出自： E. Hemingway
The pile of luggage.出自： A. Schlee
Piles of green slate stacked by the road.出自：Holiday Which?
A..pile of..exam papers.出自： R. Christiansen
Piled up blocks of masonry to form a wall.出自： P. Gallico
Mother..piled a second helping of vegetables on Helen's plate.出自： Toeckey Jones
Julia piled up the plates.出自： E. North
- pile后可接of,其后可接具体名词,也可接抽象名词。“pile of+ n. ”作主语时,谓语动词可用单数形式,也可用复数形式。
- pile in〔into〕意思是“挤进; 塞进”; pile it on意思是“夸张,夸耀”; pile with意思是“使上面堆满…”。
- pile, heap, stack
- pile通常指堆放得较整齐的属于同类的物体; stack是指仔细堆放的,通常由同一形状和大小组成的大量物体; heap则指一大堆杂乱的不一定是同类的物体。例如:
- They left me with a stack of dirty dishes.他们留给我一摞脏盘子。
- There is a heap of rubbish here.这儿有一堆垃圾。
- pile, accumulate, amass, heap
- 这四个词都有“堆积”或“积累”的意思,表示“积累财富”的意思时, heap up和amass可互换。其区别是：
- 1.从堆积的高度来看, heap要比pile高。
- 2.从积累的速度和数量上看, amass比accumulate更迅速、更多。
- 3.从使用范围来看, accumulate比其他三词要广,既可用于具体意义,也可用于抽象意义,可以说“积水,积血”,也可以说“积累财富、利息、知识、悲哀、困难、恩德、罪恶、弊病等”; heap也可用于具体意义和抽象意义; amass主要用于抽象意义,如“积聚金钱、资源、知识等”; pile主要用于具体意义,常用于堆积同类的东西,尤其是扁平的东西。
- ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语，直接源自中古法语的pile；最初源自拉丁语的pila，意为柱子。