pile

  核心词汇  
[paɪl]     [paɪl]    
  • n. 堆;大量;绒面;桩;<俚>大笔钱财
  • 高大的旧建筑
  • v. 堆积;积累;拥入;夸张
piled piled piled piling piles
new

pile的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 桩,堆,柱,摞,垛,沓
  2. 绒毛,软毛,茸毛,绒头
  3. 电池
  4. 高大的建筑物,宏伟建筑物,建筑群
  5. <口>大数目,大量,大笔钱财
  6. 核反应堆
v. (动词)
  1. 挤,拥,叠,装
  2. 累积,堆积,积压,积累,积聚,蓄积
  3. 把桩打入,用桩支撑
  4. 摞起,叠放,堆放,堆起,堆叠,堆于,在...堆东西,把...堆在,放置
  5. 使雪上加霜,伤口上撒盐
  6. (尤指体重)使迅速增加,猛增
  7. 夸张,夸大其词
  8. 过度施加
  9. 给…增加工作,使负担加重
  10. 装入,装载
  11. 蜂拥,拥挤
  12. 进(入),走(出)

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]一堆,一叠 a tidy collection of objects, especially when made of a number of things of the same kind placed on top of each other
  2. [S]大量的钱,财产 a very large amount of money; fortune
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 堆起; 堆叠 make into a pile; put on or in a pile

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a collection of objects laid on top of each other

  2. (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;

    "a batch of letters"
    "a deal of trouble"
    "a lot of money"
    "he made a mint on the stock market"
    "see the rest of the winners in our huge passel of photos"
    "it must have cost plenty"
    "a slew of journalists"
    "a wad of money"

  3. a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit);

    "she made a bundle selling real estate"
    "they sank megabucks into their new house"

  4. fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)

  5. battery consisting of voltaic cells arranged in series; the earliest electric battery devised by Volta

  6. a column of wood or steel or concrete that is driven into the ground to provide support for a structure

  7. the yarn (as in a rug or velvet or corduroy) that stands up from the weave;

    "for uniform color and texture tailors cut velvet with the pile running the same direction"

  8. a nuclear reactor that uses controlled nuclear fission to generate energy

Verb:
  1. arrange in stacks;

    "heap firewood around the fireplace"
    "stack your books up on the shelves"

  2. press tightly together or cram;

    "The crowd packed the auditorium"

  3. place or lay as if in a pile;

    "The teacher piled work on the students until the parents protested"

pile的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. We put the books in piles on the floor.
    我们把书在地板上堆起来。
  2. I have a huge pile of letters to deal with.
    我有一大堆信件要处理。
  3. The thick pile of a luxurious bath towel touches soft.
    这块华丽浴巾的厚绒面摸起来很柔软。
  4. He has made a study on depth effect of pile foundation.
    他对桩基深度效应进行了探讨。
  5. See that pile of lumbering by the barn?
    你看见谷仓旁的那堆木材吗?
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The little boy is piling up his building blocks.
    小男孩正在搭积木。
  2. The cart is piled high with fruit and vegetables.
    马车上堆满了水果和蔬菜。
  3. Try to solve it immediately and never pile up problems for yourself.
    尽量快点解决,不要为自己积攒问题。
  4. Cars often pile up here in the rush hours.
    在交通拥挤时刻汽车往往在这里挤成一团。
  5. They pile into me from all sides.
    他们从四面八方向我压过来。
  6. It's probably not as bad as she says she does tend to pile it on.
    大概不像她说的那么糟--她确实有意夸大事实。
  7. The situation is frightful, but it's just piling on the agony to keep discussing it.
    情况很可怕,可是还一个劲儿地议论让人觉得更可怕。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. At the moment the book you want is at the bottom of that pile, and can't be got at.
    你要的那本书现在压在那一堆书的最下面,拿不到。
  2. That pile on the left are the ones that have been picked out for the library.
    左边的那一堆是挑出来给图书馆的。
  3. Collect the books and put them in a pile on my desk.
    把书收起来放在我的桌子上。
  4. The man lifted a pile of books from the bedside table.
    那个人把一捆书从床边的桌上提起。
  5. She kept the pile of letters in a drawer in her desk.
    她把那一堆信放在书桌的一个抽屉里。
  6. I opened the door and a pile of leaves blew in.
    我打开门,一大堆树叶被吹了进来。
  7. One day while sweeping the compound he discovered seven eggs in a pile of straw.
    一天,他打扫院子时,发现乱草堆里有7个鸡蛋。
  8. I've a pile of work to knock off before I can take my holiday.
    在我去度假之前,还有一大堆事情得做完。
  9. Children enjoy kicking piles of dead leaves around.
    孩子们喜欢把一堆堆的落叶踢得到处都是。
  10. While you're cleaning out the garage, please dispose of those piles of old newspapers.
    在你们清理车库时,请把那几堆旧报纸处理掉。
  11. The magnet crane moves scrap iron from piles into trucks.
    磁力起重机把废铁从废铁堆里吊起来装进卡车。
  12. The closet was full of piles of old books.
    壁橱里堆满了旧书。
  13. Anyone who wants to teach has to take piles of their education courses.
    任何一个想教书的人都必须学习许多门教育课程。
  14. I've got piles of work to do.
    我有大量的工作要做。
  15. The children eat piles of butter on their bread.
    孩子们吃面包爱多抹黄油。
  16. The engine seems to need piles of oil.
    这种发动机似乎需要很多油。
  17. He must have piles of money to own a car like that.
    他有那样的汽车,一定是个富翁。
  18. The pile engine drove the pile into the river bank.
    打桩机把木桩打进河堤。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He piled a lot of logs.
    他堆起许多木头。
  2. The student piled his books.
    这个学生把书堆放在一起。
  3. The farmer piled straw in the loft.
    农夫把稻草堆在草棚里。
  4. Pile the leaves in the corner of the yard.
    把树叶堆到院角。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
make a pile
    挣大钱; 发财 earn a lot of money
用作动词 (v.)
pile against (v.+prep.)
    靠…堆积 be added in a mass leaning sth
    pile against sth

    Snow piled against the fence.

    雪贴着篱笆越积越多。

pile in (v.+adv.)
    (使)塞进; (使)挤入 (cause to) enter in a mass or crowd
    pile in

    The driver told us to pile in

    司机叫我们挤进去。

    He opened the door and they all piled in.

    他把门打开,他们一拥而入。

    pile sth ⇔ in

    We piled all the luggage in and drove off.

    我们把全部行李塞进去就开车走了。

pile in on (v.+adv.+prep.)
    包围着 surround (sb) as if to attack
    pile in on sb

    Unpleasant memories have been piling in on her since that unfortunate meeting with her old enemy.

    自从那次不期遇见她的旧敌之后,不愉快的回忆总是萦绕着她。

pile into (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉(使)挤进,塞进 (cause to) enter (a place) in a mass or crowd
    pile into sth

    The crowd piled into the bus in a few seconds.

    那群人几秒钟内就挤进了公共汽车。

    All of us piled into Peter's car and headed back to the flat.

    我们都挤进了彼德的车子返回公寓。

pile it on
    〈非正〉夸大事实 stretch the truth
pile off (v.+adv.)
    成群地离开 leave in a crowd
    pile off

    The bus stopped, and crowds of passengers piled off.

    公交车停下后,成群的乘客下车离去。

pile on1 (v.+adv.)
    (使)堆积; (使)拥入 (cause to) be added in a mass or crowd
    pile on

    The lorries drew up, and they piled on.

    卡车停下来,他们一拥而上。

pile on2 (v.+prep.)
    在…上堆积 make a mass of (sth or things) on top of (sth)
    pile sth on sth

    He is piling coal on a fire.

    他正在往火上添煤。

pile onto (v.+prep.)
    (使)堆在…上; (使)涌上… (cause to) take a position on top of (sth) in a mass or crowd
    pile sth onto sth

    They piled wood onto the bonfire until the flames roared.

    他们不断往篝火上加木柴,直到火光冲天。

pile out (v.+adv.)
    成群离去; 蜂拥而出 leave in a crowd
    pile out

    After the game, crowds of football fans piled out.

    球赛结束后,成群的足球迷涌出了赛场。

    pile out of sth

    They piled out of the theatre.

    他们挤出剧场。

    The police were waiting for the hooligans as they piled out of the train.

    那些流氓从火车上纷纷下来,警察早已在那儿等着他们了。

pile up (v.+adv.)
    相撞 crash
    pile up

    The clouds are piling up.

    云愈积愈密。

    Perishable goods are piling up at the docks because of the strike of tally clerks.

    因理货员罢工,码头上易腐烂的货物堆积如山。

    Snow continues to pile up deeper and deeper year after year.

    雪年复一年堆积得越来越厚。

    He found that piles of silks, piles of silver and gold piled up to the roof.

    他看到成堆的丝绸、金银堆到了屋顶。

    Evidence was piling up against them.

    不利于他们的证据越来越多。

    His debts are piling up.

    他的债务越积越多。

    Work has piled up during his absence.

    在他离开期间工作积压起来了。

    pile sth ⇔ up

    He piled up fallen leaves in a corner of the yard.

    他把落叶堆积在院子一角。

    He piled grass up near our breakfast fire.

    他在我们烧早饭的火堆旁堆起草。

    He piled up much information on the American Indians.

    他收集了许多有关美洲印第安人的资料。

    They quickly piled up fortunes.

    他们很快累积了大量财富。

    pile up

    A bus and three cars piled up on the main road this morning.

    一辆公共汽车和三辆小车今天上午在主干道上相撞。

    One car made a sudden stop and the two cars behind it piled up.

    一辆汽车突然刹车,后面跟着的两辆汽车追尾相撞。

pile with (v.+prep.)
    往…堆放; 把…堆给 load (a container) with a mass of (sth or things); give (sb/sth) a lot of (sth)
    pile sth with sth

    The workers piled the lorry with coal.

    工人们给卡车装满煤。

    He piled the table with papers.

    他在桌上堆满报纸。

    Our generous host piled our plates with food.

    慷慨的主人在我们的盘子里盛满了食物。

    The truck was piled high with fruits and vegetables.

    卡车上装满了水果和蔬菜。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The piles upon which the house was poised.

    出自: C. McCullough
  • Two piles..supported the central span.

    出自: J. Mark
  • Deep piles..to reach through the silt.

    出自:Construction News
  • The thick..pile of Susan's new carpet.

    出自: A. Brink
  • The huge pile of sawdust.

    出自: E. Hemingway
  • The pile of luggage.

    出自: A. Schlee
  • Piles of green slate stacked by the road.

    出自:Holiday Which?
  • A..pile of..exam papers.

    出自: R. Christiansen
  • Piled up blocks of masonry to form a wall.

    出自: P. Gallico
  • Mother..piled a second helping of vegetables on Helen's plate.

    出自: Toeckey Jones
  • Julia piled up the plates.

    出自: E. North

pile的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. pile的基本意思是“堆,叠”,通常指由人将同类的东西或形状大小相同的东西堆成一堆,并暗示井井有条,是可数名词。pile作“一大堆,大量”解时常用作复数形式,但仍表示单数意义。
  2. pile后可接of,其后可接具体名词,也可接抽象名词。“pile of+ n. ”作主语时,谓语动词可用单数形式,也可用复数形式。
  3. pile在非正式语体中可作“大量的钱,财产”解,常用单数形式,可与不定冠词a连用。
  4. pile还可指木头、锯或水泥的“桩”。
v. (动词)
  1. pile用作动词的意思是“堆积”,通常指把同类或形状大致相同的东西一层一层堆放起来,暗含有“有秩序地”。引申可作“积累”解。
  2. pile可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. pile in〔into〕意思是“挤进; 塞进”; pile it on意思是“夸张,夸耀”; pile with意思是“使上面堆满…”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
pile, heap, stack
  • 这组词的共同意思是“堆”。其区别是:
  • pile通常指堆放得较整齐的属于同类的物体; stack是指仔细堆放的,通常由同一形状和大小组成的大量物体; heap则指一大堆杂乱的不一定是同类的物体。例如:
  • They left me with a stack of dirty dishes.他们留给我一摞脏盘子。
  • There is a heap of rubbish here.这儿有一堆垃圾。
  • v. (动词)
    pile, accumulate, amass, heap
  • 这四个词都有“堆积”或“积累”的意思,表示“积累财富”的意思时, heap up和amass可互换。其区别是:
  • 1.从堆积的高度来看, heap要比pile高。
  • 2.从积累的速度和数量上看, amass比accumulate更迅速、更多。
  • 3.从使用范围来看, accumulate比其他三词要广,既可用于具体意义,也可用于抽象意义,可以说“积水,积血”,也可以说“积累财富、利息、知识、悲哀、困难、恩德、罪恶、弊病等”; heap也可用于具体意义和抽象意义; amass主要用于抽象意义,如“积聚金钱、资源、知识等”; pile主要用于具体意义,常用于堆积同类的东西,尤其是扁平的东西。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自中古法语的pile;最初源自拉丁语的pila,意为柱子。
    今日热词
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