sick

  基本词汇  
[sɪk]     [sɪk]    
  • adj.有病的;恶心的;腻烦的;晕的;令人毛骨悚然的
  • n.病人;呕吐物
  • vt.追逐;攻击;唆使
sicker sickest
new

sick是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. (有)病的,患病的
  2. 心烦意乱的,很不愉快的
  3. 病人的
  4. 病态的,有病容的
  5. 没生气的,苍白的,不健康的
  6. <口>令人毛骨悚然的,可怕的
  7. 恶心的,想呕吐的
  8. 渴望的
  9. 对…厌烦的,厌恶的
  10. 对…失望的
  11. 对…恼怒的
  12. 残酷的
n.(名词)
  1. 病人
  2. 患者
  3. <口>呕吐物
v.(动词)
  1. 唆使攻击,嗾使去咬,使狗去攻击
  2. 猛攻,攻击
  3. 追击,追逐
  4. 促使做
  5. 吐出,呕吐

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 有病的,患病的 physically or mentally unwell; ill
  2. [P] 恶心的,想吐的 likely to vomit; nauseous
  3. 腻烦的,厌恶的 bored with sb/sth
  4. [P] 心烦意乱的,恼火的 distressed or disgusted
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 呕吐物 vomit

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sick : 有病的, 厌 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sick : 有故 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. people who are sick;

    "they devote their lives to caring for the sick"

Adjective:
  1. affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function;

    "ill from the monotony of his suffering"

  2. feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit

  3. affected with madness or insanity;

    "a man who had gone mad"

  4. having a strong distaste from surfeit;

    "grew more and more disgusted"
    "fed up with their complaints"
    "sick of it all"
    "sick to death of flattery"
    "gossip that makes one sick"
    "tired of the noise and smoke"

  5. (of light) lacking in intensity or brightness; dim or feeble;

    "the pale light of a half moon"
    "a pale sun"
    "the late afternoon light coming through the el tracks fell in pale oblongs on the street"
    "a pallid sky"
    "the pale (or wan) stars"
    "the wan light of dawn"

  6. deeply affected by a strong feeling;

    "sat completely still, sick with envy"
    "she was sick with longing"

  7. shockingly repellent; inspiring horror;

    "ghastly wounds"
    "the grim aftermath of the bombing"
    "the grim task of burying the victims"
    "a grisly murder"
    "gruesome evidence of human sacrifice"
    "macabre tales of war and plague in the Middle ages"
    "macabre tortures conceived by madmen"

Verb:
  1. eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth;

    "After drinking too much, the students vomited"
    "He purged continuously"
    "The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night"

sick的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He fell sick with malaria on a trip to Africa.
    他在去非洲时患了疟疾。
  2. He put a maid in to look after his sick wife.
    他雇了1名女仆来照顾她的病妻。
  3. You'll be sick if you eat any more of that candy.
    如果你再吃那种糖果,就会感到恶心的。
  4. I'm sick of waiting around like this.
    我讨厌透了像这样在一旁等著。
  5. I was sick in the car yesterday.
    昨天我晕车了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The sick need special care.
    病人需要特别护理。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Sick'em!
    咬他们!
  2. He sicked a dog on the thief.
    他纵狗去咬小偷。
  3. If you need something done, I'll sick him on it.
    如果你需要办什么事,我叫他去干。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. He is a very sick man.
    他病得很严重。
  2. The sick boy bathed himself in sunlight.
    这个生病的男孩在晒太阳。
  3. He visits his sick uncle in hospital every day.
    他每天去医院看望生病的叔叔。
  4. He is in search of a doctor for his sick girl.
    他正在为自己生病的女儿寻找医生。
  5. We must divide the sick men from the others.
    我们必须把病人隔离。
  6. With a sick husband, she was chained to the house all day.
    由于丈夫生病,她整天被拴在家里。
  7. The doctor dedicated his life to the sick people in the tropical country.
    这名医生把他的一生献给了这个热带国家的救死扶伤事业。
  8. She has a sick stomach.
    她有胃病。
  9. The boss called the foreman on the carpet for granting sick leave to a worker without first asking for permission.
    老板训斥那个工头未经事先请示就擅自批准一个工人的病假。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Your little sister is sick, try to bear with her when she cries.
    你小妹病了,她哭时你忍耐一下。
  2. She has been sick for one month.
    她已病了一个月了。
  3. She attended to all his needs while he was sick.
    当他生病时,她为他料理一切。
  4. He must be either sick or detained by business, otherwise he would surely have been here on time.
    他不是生病就是给事情耽搁了,否则他一定会准时到这儿的。
  5. Grandmother became very sick and death was staring her in the face.
    祖母病得很重,已离死期不远了。
  6. He began to feel sick as soon as the ship started to move.
    船一启动他就开始呕吐。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. I feel sick at my work.
    我讨厌我的工作。
  2. He was rather sick at missing the last train.
    他为没赶上最后一班车而懊丧。
  3. He was awfully sick at being beaten.
    因被击败他非常不愉快。
  4. He is sick for it.
    他思念着它。
  5. The boy was obviously homesick.
    这男孩显然非常想家。
  6. He was always sick for old happy times.
    他老是怀念昔日的快乐时光。
  7. He is sick from overeating.
    他因暴食而呕吐。
  8. I am heartily sick of them.
    我深觉他们讨厌。
  9. He acted the fool so often everyone got sick and tired of him.
    他常常装疯卖傻,弄得人人都讨厌他。
  10. They are sick of the food given by cooks in their school.
    他们吃厌了学校厨师做的饭。
  11. Thank goodness the days are drawing out again,I'm so sick of the winter.
    谢天谢地,白天又越来越长了,我太讨厌冬天了。
  12. We are sick of your complaining.
    我们讨厌你抱怨。
  13. He fell sick with flu.
    他得了流感。
  14. She fell sick with fever.
    她发烧。
  15. She is sick with me for being so late.
    她对我来得这样迟感到不高兴。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. He smoked himself sick.
    他抽烟抽得生病了。
  2. The smell made her sick.
    这气味使她感到恶心。
  3. It makes me sick to see her being treated so badly.
    我看到她受到这样的虐待感到非常愤怒。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The basin was full of sick.
    盆里全是吐的东西。
  2. The sick need special care.
    病人需要特别护理。
  3. He said his work is to heal the sick.
    他说他的工作是治愈病人。
  4. We'll go to visit the sick in hospital tomorrow.
    明天我们要去探望住院病人。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
as sick as a parrot
  1. 非常失望、妒忌等 very disappointed, envious, etc.

    Mary is as sick as a parrot about losing her watch. 玛丽丢了表之后感到非常不高兴。

    John is really jealous of my new house—he's as sick as a parrot. 约翰非常嫉妒我有了一栋新房子,他是个十足的妒忌鬼。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~ ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • You two'll get sick.., if you don't get more rest.

    出自:T. Dreiser
  • When she was sick..he wanted her to get the best doctor.

    出自:P. Roazen
  • This whole continent is sick with race hatred.

    出自:fig.
  • His infant misdeeds like the time he..sicked up in the bus.sssss J. le Carr&eacusc;

    出自:ssssP. Leach
  • 'Sic 'em, Tulip,' he said.

    出自:P. G. Wodehouse

sick的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. sick和ill的比较:两者意思相近,前者常指遭受某种身体上的不适,后者表示不舒服的。英国人习惯将sick用作定语,修饰名词,如sick child。而ill则常被用作定语,去修饰动词。

    George didn't come in last week because he was ill.

  2. be sick作“呕吐的”解。 fall sick作“患病”解;

    I was sick three times in the night.
    我一晚上呕吐了三次。

  3. 在美式英语里,通常将sick用在身体某部分的名称前面,如sick kidneys,sick nerves和sick hair;
  4. sick可表示“渴望……的”,而sick of则表示“对……感到厌倦的”。

    Allen has got sick of city life,and is now sick for his home in the country.

  5. 在现代英语里,sick与with连用,后面加病名,而不用介词of,如:sick with fever sick
  6. a sick child指“一个有病的孩子”,但只是暂时或经常有病的,如a little sick child是“经常有病的”,而a sick little child是“暂时有病的”。不同的是,a sickly child指“一个多病的孩子”,表示很容易生病。
adj.(形容词)
  1. sick的基本意思是“有病的”,在英式英语中只用作表语,而在美式英语中则既可用作表语,也可用作定语,常用于修饰人,偶尔也用于修饰事物如sick leave(病假)。
  2. sick有时可指与“呕吐”有关的具体症状,如“恶心的,想吐的”。用于比喻可指“讨厌的”“渴望的”“心烦意乱的,恼火的”等。作“腻烦的,厌恶的”解时,常后接介词of。
  3. sick不受heavily修饰,表示“病重”,可用seriously。
  4. sick的比较级是sicker,最高级是sickest。
n.(名词)
  1. sick用作名词的基本意思是“呕吐物”,一般用于口语中,是不可数名词。
  2. sick前常加定冠词the表示“病人”,为总称,在句中作主语时,其谓语动词通常用复数形式。
  3. sick在非正式文体中偶尔也可用作动词,通常与up连用,表示“呕吐出…”。例如:The baby sicked up a little milk.婴儿吐出了一点奶。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
sick at, sick for, sick of, sick with
这四个短语意思不同:sick at表示“对某事感到懊丧或不高兴”,相当于sick about 。sick for表示“渴望,盼望”,相当于eager for。sick of表示“对某人或某人做某事感到厌恶或不耐烦”,相当于tired of。sick with意思有三:一是“因…呕吐”,相当于sick from; 二是“患…病”,相当于sick of; 三是“对…懊丧或不高兴”,相当于sick about。
sick, ill
这两个词的共同意思是“生病的”。其区别是:
ill只用作表语,而sick既可用作表语,也可用作定语。另外,作“恶心”解时只用sick,作“坏的,糟的”解时只用ill。例如:
She's visiting her sick uncle in hospital.她到医院去看望生病的叔叔。
The man looks pretty sick.这人看上去病得很重。
We began to feel sick as soon as the ship started to move.轮船刚刚开动,我们就觉得恶心。
sick, sickly
这两个形容词共同的意思是“患病的”,其区别是:
sick主要用于人,而sickly既可用于人,也可用于其他生物或非生物。用于人时, sick通常指“小恙”,含有“暂时”的意味; 而sickly往往指“痼疾”,含有“慢性”或“经常性”的意味。例如:
  • The sick boy is a friend of my son's.
  • 这个生病的男孩是我儿子的一位朋友。
  • The mother was lulling her sickly baby to sleep.
  • 母亲在哄她多病的孩子入睡。
  • sickly用于其他生物时,也具有“不健康的”意义; 修饰非生物时,含有“令人厌恶的、不好的”意味。例如:
  • These plants look rather sickly.这些植物看起来有些不健康。
  • There is a sickly smell.有一股令人作呕的气味。
下面两句意思相同:
  • I feel sick in the stomach.
  • I am sick at the stomach.
  • 我感到反胃。
ill sick
这两个形容词均有“生病的”之意。
  • ill:ill在英国较常用,指“生病”时,通常作表语,不可作定语。在美国,ill用作表语时可与sick换用。
  • sick:sick多用于美国,作“生病”解时,既可作表语,也可作定语。在英国,sick作表语,不指生病,而指“恶心、呕吐”。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 她心里烦闷。

    She is sick in heart.

    She is sick at heart.

    表示“心里烦闷”通常用固定短语be sick at heart表示,其中的介词at不能改为in。

  2. 我讨厌冬天,为什么春天还不来呢?

    I'm sick at winter; why doesn't spring come?

    I'm sick of winter; why doesn't spring come?

    表示“讨厌或厌烦…”须用be sick of sb/sth 结构,其中的介词of不能改为at。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的soec;最初源自古日耳曼语的seukaz,意为不舒服的,生病的。

sick的相关资料:

正版词典

sick : 不舒服的, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sick : 患病的,有 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

缩略词

sick的相关缩略词,共有5

互动百科

  • sick:sick n. 病人 adj. 不舒服, 有病的, 恶心的, 厌恶的, 渴望的, 病态的 vt. 呕吐, 追击, 使狗去咬英英解释:名词sick:1. people who are sick动词si…

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