swallow

  常用词汇  
['swɒləʊ]     ['swɑːloʊ]    
  • n. 燕子;吞咽;一次吞咽的量
  • v. 忍受;吞下;咽下;轻信;不流露感情;收回
swallower swallowed swallowed swallowing swallows
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swallow的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 一次吞咽之物,(一)咽,(一)吞,吞咽,一次吞咽之量,一口
  2. 【鸟类】燕子,燕
  3. 胃管,食道
  4. 咽喉,喉咙,喉
  5. 吸孔
  6. 【海】通索孔
v. (动词)
  1. 忍受(侮辱),忍耐,忍气吞声
  2. 吞(下),咽(下)
  3. 吞并,侵吞
  4. <口>轻信,轻易接受,相信,信以为真
  5. 淹没,吞没
  6. 耗尽,用尽
  7. 囫囵吞枣地不加考虑
  8. 收回(前言)
  9. 压制,抑制
  10. 取消(前言)
  11. 花光
  12. 不流露,掩饰
  13. 做吞咽动作,咽口水

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 咽下 move (food or drink) down the throat from the mouth
  2. vt. 使消失 take sb/sth into itself so that he/it can no longer be seen
  3. vt. 容忍 accept patiently

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a small amount of liquid food;

    "a sup of ale"

  2. the act of swallowing;

    "one swallow of the liquid was enough"
    "he took a drink of his beer and smacked his lips"

  3. small long-winged songbird noted for swift graceful flight and the regularity of its migrations

Verb:
  1. pass through the esophagus as part of eating or drinking;

    "Swallow the raw fish--it won't kill you!"

  2. engulf and destroy;

    "The Nazis swallowed the Baltic countries"

  3. enclose or envelop completely, as if by swallowing;

    "The huge waves swallowed the small boat and it sank shortly thereafter"

  4. utter indistinctly;

    "She swallowed the last words of her speech"

  5. take back what one has said;

    "He swallowed his words"

  6. keep from expressing;

    "I swallowed my anger and kept quiet"

  7. tolerate or accommodate oneself to;

    "I shall have to accept these unpleasant working conditions"
    "I swallowed the insult"
    "She has learned to live with her husband's little idiosyncrasies"

  8. believe or accept without questioning or challenge;

    "Am I supposed to swallow that story?"

swallow的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There are many swallows flying in the sky.
    天空中有许多燕子。
  2. The swallow has made a nest under our eaves.
    燕子在我们的屋檐下垒了一个窝。
  3. He downed the medicine at one swallow.
    他一口便把药全吞下了。
  4. Let me take a swallow of beer.
    让我喝口啤酒。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. They can't treat me like that; I'm not going to swallow it.
    他们不能这样对待我,我忍不下这口气。
  2. He swallowed all the criticism without saying a thing.
    他默默地忍受一切责难。
  3. You must chew your food well before you swallow it.
    食物吞下去之前先要细细咀嚼。
  4. His lips worked as he tried to swallow the food.
    他使劲儿把食物咽下去,嘴唇都扭曲起来。
  5. He couldn't swallow because of a sore throat.
    他因嗓子疼而不能吞咽。
  6. You should have a try, don't swallow anybody.
    不要轻信任何人,你得亲自去试一试。
  7. She swallowed her anger and carried on.
    她忍气吞声地继续进行下去。
  8. The company was swallowed up in a corporate merger.
    该公司在一次公司合并中被收购了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Chew well before swallowing.
    细嚼再慢咽。
  2. His throat was so painful that he could hardly swallow.
    他的嗓子疼,几乎咽不下东西。
  3. Taking pills is easy,just put them in your mouths and swallow.
    吃药丸容易,只要把药丸放在嘴里咽下去。
  4. He swallowed in large draughts.
    他大口大口地吞食。
  5. He swallowed hard and turned to face his accuser.
    他强忍下去,转身面对挖苦他的人。
  6. I find it a bit hard to swallow.
    我觉得这事有点难以忍受。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He swallowed a mouthful of bread.
    他咽下一口面包。
  2. He rolled the slip into a little ball and swallowed it.
    他把纸条揉成小团,吞了下去。
  3. You must chew your food well before you swallow it.
    咽之前你必须细嚼。
  4. He swallowed his medicine with the help of some water.
    他用水将药服下。
  5. He was so hungry that he swallowed all our food.
    他这么饿,以至于吃掉了我们的全部食物。
  6. I swallowed a laugh and went along to watch.
    我忍住笑,走过去观看。
  7. He was obliged to swallow his anger under the circumstances.
    在这种情况下,他不得不强忍心头的怒火。
  8. She swallowed all the criticism without saying anything.
    她一言不发,忍受了全部的批评。
  9. She can swallow his rudeness.
    她能容忍他的粗鲁。
  10. He was obliged to swallow his grief and work in the shop as usual.
    他不得不忍住悲痛,继续照常在车间干活。
  11. They can't treat me like that,I'm not going to swallow it.
    他们不能这样对待我,我咽不下这口气。
  12. His family swallowed great hardship during the war.
    战争年代他一家人受尽苦难。
  13. She swallowed an insult to keep the job.
    为了保住这份工作,她忍气吞声。
  14. She will swallow anything you tell her.
    她会相信你告诉她的任何事情。
  15. She thought she heard a gun firing in the distance, but she couldn't swallow her ears.
    她认为自己听到了远处开枪的声音,但她不敢轻信自己的耳朵。
  16. At that moment,I could hardly swallow my eyes.
    当时,我简直不敢相信自己的眼睛。
  17. 1
  18. This drug can't be swallowed; it has to be injected.
    这药不能吞服,只能注射。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
swallow down (v.+adv.)
    抑制,使不流露 control a feeling
    swallow sth ⇔ down

    Swallowing down his pride, he accepted the humble position offered him.

    他遏制住自己的自尊,接受了这卑下的工作。

swallow up (v.+adv.)
    吞没,耗尽,吞并,侵吞 cause sth to pass down the throat; take in; make disappear
    swallow sb/sth ⇔ up

    The hungry man swallowed up everything on the table.

    那饿汉把桌子上的东西全都吃了。

    The waves swallowed up the swimmer.

    波涛吞没了那个游泳者。

    She was so embarrassed, she wished the earth would open and swallow her up.

    她窘死了,巴不得地上能开一个口子把她吞下去。

    His wife's clothes bills swallowed up his wages.

    他妻子用于衣服的开销把他的工资都用光了。

    The travel costs swallowed up our pay increase.

    我们增加的工资完全花在增加的旅费上了。

    The two firms wanted to combine together to swallow up ours.

    那两家公司想联合起来吞并我们公司。

    The aircraft was swallowed up in the clouds.

    飞机消失在云层中。

    She was swallowed up by the crowd and we lost sight of her.

    她淹没在人群中,我们看不到她了。

    His earnings were swallowed up by lawyer's bill.

    他的收入被律师的费用耗尽了。

    He doesn't want his firm to be swallowed up by a transnational giant.

    他不想自己的公司被一家大型的跨国公司吞并。

swallow words
    承认说错了话 admit that one has said sth wrong
    swallow one's words

    He told me I wouldn't pass the test but I'm determined to make him swallow his words.

    他对我说我考不及格,我一定让他将来承认说错了。

    You could hardly understand him because he had the habit of swallowing his words.

    他说话总是那么含含糊糊,所以很难听懂。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • One swallow does not make a summer.

    出自:Proverb
  • Methus..measures the honesty..of mankind by a capaciousness of their swallow.

    出自: Henry Fielding
  • He swallowed it in three gulps.

    出自: J. G. Cozzens
  • They made him swallow..the tablets.

    出自: E. Mittelholzer
  • He swallowed down the last of his coffee.

    出自: M. Lavin
  • Gas can be caused by..swallowing air with the food.

    出自: P. Quillin

swallow的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. swallow的基本意思是“咽下”,指“吃”这个过程的第二阶段——“咽”。即将口中食物通过咽喉直入食道。有时可指“快吃”,而不是把食物慢慢嚼碎。引申为“忍受”“不流露”。还可表示“吞没”“掩盖”“抓住”。
  2. swallow在作“忍受”“抑制(情感)”解时,多指某人虽受痛苦与困难,但以某方式接受了令人烦恼、令人无法忍受的痛苦与经历。
  3. swallow可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
swallow, consume, devour, eat, ingest
  • 这几个词的共同意思是“吃”。其区别在于:eat最常用,指放入口中经过咀嚼再吞咽下去的过程,对人或物都适用,引申指缓慢地逐渐腐蚀或消磨过程; consume指吃完全部食物或喝光所有饮料,引申指消耗光所有的物质、金钱等; devour强调狼吞虎咽地吃,引申指吞灭或毁灭; ingest是生理学用语,指咽下或吸收的过程; swallow指不经过充分咀嚼就囫囵吞入肚中,强调匆忙。例如:
  • The termites have eaten deep into the wood.白蚁已经把木头蛀得很深了。
  • The fire soon consumed the wooden building.大火不久就烧毁了这座木头建筑物。
  • He was devoured by hate.他满腔怨恨。
  • Twelve workers have ingested radioactive substances well above the permitted maximum.12名工人摄入体内的放射性物质已大大超过最大限度。
  • This drug can't be swallowed; it has to be injected.这药不能吞服,只能注射。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的swelgan,意为吞咽。
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