drop

  基本词汇  
[drɒp]     [drɑːp]    
  • vt.落下;跌倒;下降;放弃;漏掉;断绝关系
  • n.滴;微量;减少;滴状物
dropped dropped dropping drops
new

drop是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 滴,滴状物
  2. 滴剂
  3. 微量,少量,一点点
  4. 落差
  5. 空投
  6. 下降,下跌
  7. 水果糖,糖球,球状糖果
  8. 点滴
  9. 落下
  10. 下落的距离
  11. <美>投信口
  12. 丢放东西之处
  13. 空投物品
  14. 空投的人
v.(动词)
  1. (使)落下,(使)滴下,(使)降落,滴落,掉下,降下
  2. 变弱
  3. 降低,下降
  4. 停止,终止
  5. 遗漏
  6. 省略
  7. 倒下
  8. 丢弃, 放弃
  9. 中断
  10. 无意中说出
  11. 访问
  12. 落后
  13. 出生
  14. 累倒,累垮
  15. 垂下(眼睛),垂视
  16. 急剧倾斜而下
  17. 中途卸客,中途卸货
  18. 寄(信),送(信)
  19. 丢下,扔下,投下
  20. <口>下,卸(货)
  21. 将...除名
  22. <口>输
  23. <俚>吞服
  24. 产(仔)
  25. 减少,减弱
  26. 跌落

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)落下,投下 fall, descend from one line or level to another
  2. vt. & vi. (使)降低,减少,减弱 become fewer or fewer
  3. vt. 放弃,断绝交往 stop seeing, talking about using or practising, give up
  4. vt. 漏掉,丢掉 leave out
  5. vt. 让人下车,卸下货物 allow sb to get out of a vehicle
n.(名词)
  1. [C]滴,滴剂,滴状物 very small quantity of liquid usually round or pear-shaped
  2. [S]微量,一点 very small quantity
  3. [S]降落,下跌 movement from a higher to a lower level
  4. [S]落差 a distance or fall straight down
  5. [C]空投,空投物 sth that is dropped

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
drop : 产崽 ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : 滴, 滴状物 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : 拆版 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : 背景幕, 吊 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : (使价格等 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
drop : 升降幕;背 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : 滴剂 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : 跌水 ...
在 《外教社市政工程英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a shape that is spherical and small;

    "he studied the shapes of low-viscosity drops"
    "beads of sweat on his forehead"

  2. a small indefinite quantity (especially of a liquid);

    "he had a drop too much to drink"
    "a drop of each sample was analyzed"
    "there is not a drop of pity in that man"
    "years afterward, they would pay the blood-money, driblet by driblet"

  3. a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity;

    "a drop of 57 points on the Dow Jones index"
    "there was a drop in pressure in the pulmonary artery"
    "a dip in prices"
    "when that became known the price of their stock went into free fall"

  4. a steep high face of rock;

    "he stood on a high cliff overlooking the town"
    "a steep drop"

  5. a predetermined hiding place for the deposit and distribution of illicit goods (such as drugs or stolen property)

  6. a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity;

    "it was a miracle that he survived the drop from that height"

  7. a curtain that can be lowered and raised onto a stage from the flies; often used as background scenery

  8. a central depository where things can be left or picked up

  9. the act of dropping something;

    "they expected the drop would be successful"

Verb:
  1. let fall to the ground;

    "Don't drop the dishes"

  2. to fall vertically;

    "the bombs are dropping on enemy targets"

  3. go down in value;

    "Stock prices dropped"

  4. fall or descend to a lower place or level;

    "He sank to his knees"

  5. terminate an association with;

    "drop him from the Republican ticket"

  6. utter with seeming casualness;

    "drop a hint"

  7. stop pursuing or acting;

    "drop a lawsuit"
    "knock it off!"

  8. leave or unload;

    "unload the cargo"
    "drop off the passengers at the hotel"

  9. cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blow;

    "strike down a tree"
    "Lightning struck down the hikers"

  10. lose (a game);

    "The Giants dropped 11 of their first 13"

  11. pay out;

    "spend money"

  12. lower the pitch of (musical notes)

  13. hang freely;

    "the ornaments dangled from the tree"
    "The light dropped from the ceiling"

  14. stop associating with;

    "They dropped her after she had a child out of wedlock"

  15. let or cause to fall in drops;

    "dribble oil into the mixture"

  16. get rid of;

    "he shed his image as a pushy boss"
    "shed your clothes"

  17. take (a drug, especially LSD), by mouth;

    "She dropped acid when she was a teenager"

  18. omit (a letter or syllable) in speaking or writing;

    " New Englanders drop their post-vocalic r's"

  19. leave undone or leave out;

    "How could I miss that typo?"
    "The workers on the conveyor belt miss one out of ten"

  20. change from one level to another;

    "She dropped into army jargon"

  21. fall or sink into a state of exhaustion or death;

    "shop til you drop"

  22. grow worse;

    "Her condition deteriorated"
    "Conditions in the slums degenerated"
    "The discussion devolved into a shouting match"

  23. give birth; used for animals;

    "The cow dropped her calf this morning"

drop的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. She dropped to safety from the burning building.
    她从失火的建筑物上坠落到安全的地方.
  2. He dropped off from his bike.
    他从自行车上跌下来。
  3. In the winter the temperature often drops below freezing.
    冬天的时候,温度往往会降到冰点以下。
  4. I decided to drop chemistry and take biology instead.
    我决定放弃化学,改学生物。
  5. You have dropped an "f" in your spelling of the word "different".
    你拼写“different”这个词的时候漏掉了一个“f”。
  6. Will you drop your old friends if you accomplish both success and fame?
    如果你功成名就,你会同你的老朋友们断绝来往吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Unconsciously, a drop of tear drips on his lips.
    不知不觉,一滴泪水滴在他唇上。
  2. I'll have a wee drop of cream in my coffee.
    我要在咖啡里放一丁点儿奶油。
  3. Life is but a dewdrop on the lotus leaf.
    生命只是荷叶上的一滴露珠。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The apple blossoms are beginning to drop.
    苹果树上的花开始落了。
  2. A gentle rain dropped yesterday morning.
    昨天上午下了一场小雨。
  3. The hinges of this door seem to have dropped slightly.
    这门的铰链好像有些下坠。
  4. Our boat gently dropped.
    我们的小船顺流缓缓而下。
  5. Prices dropped.
    物价下跌了。
  6. The price of home electric appliances dropped last year.
    去年家用电器的价钱降下来了。
  7. In that country, steel output dropped further this year.
    在那个国家,钢产量今年进一步下降了。
  8. Production costs dropped 5.5 percent last year.
    去年的生产成本下降5.5%。
  9. They worked until they drop.
    他们干到体力不支时才停止。
  10. I feel ready to drop.
    我感到要累垮了。
  11. She expects every one to work till they drop.
    她指望每个人都拼命工作。
  12. The stock market dropped today.
    证券市场今日处于呆滞状态。
  13. The use of this drug has dropped.
    这种药物已停止使用。
  14. Dew had fallen heavily since the wind had dropped.
    风已停息,露水更浓了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She dropped her baby.
    她把孩子掉在地上。
  2. The wet leaves are dropping water.
    湿漉漉的叶子在滴水。
  3. She dropped the teapot.
    她把茶壶弄掉了。
  4. You've dropped your handkerchief.
    你的手帕掉在地上了。
  5. She dropped her glasses and broke them.
    她不小心把眼镜掉在地上摔碎了。
  6. The enemy plane dropped several bombs and flew away.
    敌机投下几枚炸弹,然后飞走了。
  7. The motorist dropped his speed.
    摩托车手放慢了速度。
  8. I dropped my umbrella last night.
    昨夜我把伞丢了。
  9. He dropped his watch in the bathroom.
    他把手表丢在洗澡间了。
  10. The postman has dropped a letter here.
    邮递员掉了一封信在这里。
  11. I'm driving your way so I may drop you at the station.
    我可以开车顺路把你载到车站。
  12. We dropped the plan because of the lack of support.
    因为得不到支持,我们取消了这个计划。
  13. Let's drop the formalities, call me Mike.
    咱别讲客套,叫我迈克好了。
  14. She wants to drop Russian after she learned it over a month.
    她学了一个多月俄语后便想停学了。
  15. They have already dropped the project.
    他们已放弃这个项目。
  16. Since you are not interested in the discussion,I'll drop it.
    既然你们对讨论不感兴趣,我就放弃它。
  17. He dropped teaching and took up business.
    他已弃教从商。
  18. Don't drop the period at the end of a sentence.
    句尾别漏了句号。
  19. The boss dropped ten men on Sunday.
    老板星期天解雇了10个人。
  20. The boss dropped her from the staff at the end of the year.
    年底老板把她解雇了。
  21. He has dropped all his old friends.
    他抛弃了所有的老朋友。
  22. I hear they have dropped over 2000 yuan on the deal.
    我听说他们这笔交易亏了2000多元。
  23. It must have been Mary who had dropped the rumours!
    散布流言的一定是玛丽!
  24. 用于be ~ed结构
  25. The minister was dropped for last year's harvest failure.
    那位部长因去年歉收而被解雇。
  26. Those who do not pay the club fee will be dropped from the membership.
    那些不交俱乐部费的人将被取消会员资格。
  27. If he tells you the case will be dropped, it will be dropped.
    他要说这案子会了结,那就将会了结。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Drop me a line when you get there.
    到那儿后给我来封信。
  2. He dropped his teacher a postcard.
    他给他老师寄了张明信片。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. He never dropped the smallest hint to you or any of your family?
    他从未向你或你家里的任何人透露过一点点口风吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Many drops make a shower.
    雨滴一多就形成阵雨。
  2. Drops of rain began to fall.
    开始掉雨点了。
  3. There is not a drop left.
    一滴都不剩了。
  4. He emptied the glass to the last drop.
    他喝干了这一杯,一滴不留。
  5. They were determined to defend the land to the last drop of their blood.
    他们决心誓死保卫这块土地,直到流尽最后一滴血。
  6. The doctor put drops into my eyes to dilate the pupils.
    医生在我的眼睛里滴了一些药水,扩大瞳孔。
  7. Take six drops every three hours.
    每三个小时喝六滴药。
  8. He likes to eat chocolate drops.
    他喜欢吃巧克力糖球。
  9. The pipe has leaked in large drops.
    管道渗出大水珠。
  10. I'll try a drop, then.
    那么我尝一点儿。
  11. Add a drop of salt to the soup.
    汤内加点盐。
  12. Add a drop of tobacco and mix well.
    加一点烟草,把它混匀。
  13. “Would you like some more milk?”“Just a drop please.”
    “你还要牛奶吗?”“要一点。”
  14. Show her a drop of kindness.
    对她稍微和蔼一点。
  15. She has a drop of pity.
    她有点怜悯心。
  16. It's about a 20-meter drop to the ground.
    落差大约20米。
  17. The waterfall makes a sheer drop of one thousand feet.
    瀑布从1000英尺的高度直泻而下。
  18. We watched the drop of the parachutists from the plane.
    我们看着伞兵从飞机上降落下来。
  19. The fall in the cost of living is directly relevant to the drop in the prices of many industrial products and agricultural produce.
    生活费的下降和工农业产品价格的下降有着密切关系。
  20. We really welcome a drop in prices.
    我们确实欢迎物价下降。
  21. There was a steep drop in living standards.
    生活水平骤降。
  22. The General Motors Corporation had reported a sharp drop in profits on Tuesday.
    通用汽车公司曾在星期二报告说该公司的利润急剧下降。
  23. There was a sudden drop in temperature this morning.
    今天早晨气温突然下降了。
  24. A cool breeze caused a precipitate drop in the temperature.
    冷风使温度急降。
  25. Drops of supplies are being made to villages still cut off by the snow.
    目前正向大雪隔绝的村庄空投生活用品。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
drop across1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉串门 come across to visit drop across

    Drop across and have coffee sometime.有空来串门,一块儿喝咖啡。

drop across2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 偶遇 find (sth) or meet (sb) by chance drop across sb

    I dropped across Little Tom yesterday.昨天我偶然遇见小汤姆。

    I dropped across her in Shanghai last month.上月我在上海偶然碰到了她。

drop away (v.+adv.)
  1. 陡峭 fall sheer

    The cliff drops away at that point. 那地方悬崖陡峭。

  2. 减少,下降 become less

    The attendance has dropped away in recent months. 最近几月的出勤下降了。

drop back (v.+adv.)
  1. 落回 fall back drop back to sth

    The hook which he had thrown did not catch on the rocks, and dropped back to the ground.他甩出去的钩子没挂住石头,又落回到地面。

  2. 地位倒退 fall back in position drop back to sth

    He has dropped back to the fifth in his class.他在班内名次退居第五。

  3. 减少 lessen drop back

    Production has dropped back.生产下降了。

    The unemployment figures dropped back last month.上月的失业人数减少了。

    The American runner had decided to drop back and let somebody else take the lead.这位美国赛跑运动员决定放慢速度,让另外一个人领先。

  4. 投回 put back by dropping drop sth ⇔ back

    She dropped the letter back in the drawer.她把信放回抽屉里。

  5. 落在后面 fail to maintain speed and be left behind drop back

    The car that had been in the second position dropped back with engine trouble.原先处在第二位的那辆赛车由于发动机发生故障而落在了后面。

drop behind1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 落后 fall in disadvantage drop behind

    Our team dropped behind in the league matches when a third of the players went on holiday.我们队由于三分之一的队员在度假因而在联赛上落后了。

drop behind2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 落后于 fall in disadvantage of drop behind sb/sth

    In terms of annual production, the country has dropped behind the rest of Europe.在年产量方面,这个国家落后于欧洲其他国家。

    She dropped behind the other students.她落在其他学生的后面。

    The young couple dropped behind the rest of the party.这对年轻人落在了他人的后头。

    The old man dropped behind the rest.那位老人落在他人后面。

drop by (v.+adv.)
  1. 顺便来访 visit informally drop by

    We were just going out when Uncle Sam dropped by.我们正要出去,萨姆叔叔来了。

    I don't think he just dropped by.He came on purpose.我想他不是顺便坐坐,而是特意来访。

    Drop by any time when you're in town.你再来城里时请随时来看看我们。

    Next time you come to town, please drop by to see me.你下次来城里,千万得来看我!

    Drop by one evening.下次晚上过来坐会儿吧。

    drop sth ⇔ by

    On her way back, she dropped by her brother's house.在回家途中,她顺便到弟弟家看看。

    We dropped by the club to see if Bill was there, but he wasn't.我们在俱乐部停了一下看看比尔在不在里面,可他不在那里。

drop down (v.+adv.)
  1. 突然下来 come down suddenly drop down

    The fruit has begun to drop down.水果开始落地。

    The monkeys dropped down from the trees.猴子突然从树上蹦下来。

    After the crash, onlookers said that the plane had suddenly dropped down out of the sky.飞机坠毁后旁观者说飞机是突然从天上掉下来的。

    She dropped down into an armchair, exhausted.她筋疲力尽地倒在扶手椅上。

  2. 突然松开 release suddenly, intensive of drop drop sth ⇔ down

    She dropped the bag down and he caught it.她突然松开提包,叫他给抓住了。

drop in (v.+adv.)
  1. 顺便拜访 make a short visit drop in

    Look who's just dropping in!看,谁来了!

    They often drop in for coffee.他们常来串门喝咖啡。

    Drop in to see us any time if you're in town.你在城里时就来串门吧。

    Do drop in if you happen to be passing!碰巧从这边过时进来坐坐。

    They often drop in for tea.他们常来喝茶。

    drop in on sb

    The Smiths dropped in on some old friends on their vacation trip to New York.史密斯一家去纽约度假时拜访了一些老朋友。

  2. 降下 let fall or lower drop sth ⇔ in

    While they're playing scene two in front of the curtain, we can drop in the scenery for the next act.他们在幕前演第二场时,我们可以放下下一幕的布景。

  3. 投入,坍落 fall in drop in on sb/sth

    The roof of the cave dropped in on the miners, trapping them.窑洞的顶部坍了下来,砸在矿工身上。

    drop sth ⇔ in

    He stopped at the mail-box and dropped the letter in.他在信筒前停了下来,把信投了进去。

    When the library is closed, you can drop books in through the special hole in the door.图书馆关门后,你可以把书从门上专设的小口中投进去。

  4. 〈非正〉愿意参加,愿意接受 like to fall in some activities drop in

    The organization has asked the city council for more money for the drug treatment centre, where so many young people are dropping in.该组织请求市议会拨给戒毒中心更多的款,因为到这里来的年轻人非常多。

drop into (v.+prep.)
  1. 顺便去某地,跳入 go to a place casually drop into sth

    I often drop into the store for some daily necessities.我常光顾那家小店买些日用品。

    He dropped into the garden.他跳入花园。

    drop sth into sth

    She dropped some lemon juice into her tea.她在茶中滴了些柠檬汁。

    He dropped the letter into the pillar box.他把信丢进邮筒内。

drop off (v.+adv.)
  1. 落下 fall off drop off

    The handle of the door has dropped off.门把手脱落了。

  2. 不知不觉入睡 fall asleep unintentionally drop off

    The film was so boring that Helen kept dropping off.这部影片非常无聊,所以海伦一直在睡觉。

    Jimmy was thinking of his birthday party as he dropped off to sleep.吉米想着想着他的生日晚会就睡着了。

    Drink this and you'll soon drop off.喝下这个,你很快就会入睡的。

  3. 送下车; 送到 allow sb to get out of a vehicle drop sb/sth ⇔ off

    I can drop you off on my way home.我回家可以顺便送你。

    We can drop you off at your place on our way home.我们回家顺路就能送你到家。

    I wonder if you could drop me off at the bank?不知道你能不能让我在银行门口下车?

    Can you drop off my coat at the dry cleaner's on your way?你能顺路把我的外衣送到干洗店去吗?

    He said he would drop the parcel off at the post office.他说他要在邮局寄一个包裹。

  4. 减少 become less drop off

    Interest in the book has dropped off.对这本书的兴趣降低了。

    Business picked up in the stores during December, but dropped off again after Christmas.商店的生意在12月份的时候有所增加,但圣诞节之后又冷清下来。

    The audiences for films have dropped off.看电影的人数减少。

    His friends dropped off one by one.他的朋友一个个离去。

    The doctor's practice has dropped off.这医生的病人越来越少了。

drop on (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 drop on不用于进行体。 drop on sb/sth
  2. 发现; 找到 come upon unexpectedly

    As I was looking through some books on a second-hand book stall,I dropped on just what I wanted. 当我在旧书摊浏览书籍时,我意外地找到了我所需要的书。

  3. 挑中,选中 pick upon; come down upon

    Why does he always drop on me to answer the most difficult questions? 为什么他老是偏偏选中我回答最难的问题?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    I object to being repeatedly dropped on in this manner. 我反对用这种方式屡次被挑中。

drop out (v.+adv.)
  1. 离开,退出 leave; cease to belong to drop out

    My brother dropped out at the end of the second year of his junior middle school.我哥哥念完初中二年级就休学了。

    Tony dropped out after the club's new manager arrived.俱乐部的新经理来了之后托尼就退出了。

    Three of the runners dropped out.三位赛跑的人弃权。

    drop out of sth

    They dropped out of the team.他们退出了球队。

    She has dropped out of college.她已退学。

  2. 掉出 fall out drop out

    The window was open, and the pot just dropped out.窗户开着,花盆就掉了出去。

    drop out of sth

    The teapot dropped out of her hand.茶壶从她手中落了下来。

drop over (v.+adv.)
  1. 顺便拜访 visit unexpectedly and informally drop over

    Drop over and see me sometime.顺便来看看我吧。

drop round (v.+adv.)
  1. 顺便访问 pay a short casual visit drop round

    Can I drop round to see you later?以后我路过时能来拜访您吗?

drop through (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉毫无结果,落空,失败 come to nothing, be no longer discussed drop through

    The plan dropped through when it proved too costly.付出了那么多的努力,这计划还是失败了。

    That matter will drop through.那事将不再讨论。

let drop (v.+v.)
  1. 暗示 hint let drop sth

    I didn't let drop a word to him about my plan.关于我的计划我没有暗示给他一个字。

    He let drop the suggestion that we should meet him in town.他暗示我们应该到小城去见见他。

    let drop that-clause

    Quite unexpectedly Paul let drop that he was thinking of retiring in China.不可思议的是保罗暗示他正在考虑从中国撤退。

用作名词 (n.)
a drop in the bucket
  1. 沧海一粟,杯水车薪 a quantity too small to make any improvement

    Aid to the Third World is at present little more than a drop in the bucket. 目前对第三世界国家的援助不过是杯水车薪。

a drop to
  1. 通向…的陡坡 a steep slope to

    The road ends abruptly in a drop to the sea. 道路的尽头是一个通向大海的陡坡。

    There is a short drop to the lake. 有一个通向湖泊的近路。

at the drop of a hat
  1. 毫不迟疑地,一有机会就 without delay, hesitation or good expect

    He used to fight at the drop of hat. 他以前动不动就打架。

    You can't expect me to move my home at the drop of a hat. 你别指望我会立刻搬家。

get the drop on
  1. 掏出枪对准 take out gun to aim sb

    We got the drop on the criminal. 我们掏出枪来对准罪犯。

  2. 对…先发制人 act faster than another

    He had gotten the drop on us. 他占了我们的上风。

have〔take〕 a drop too much (of)
  1. 多喝了一杯(酒) drink too much

    He's had a drop too much of alcohol to drink. 他多喝了一杯酒,醉了。

in drops
  1. 一滴一滴地 very small quantity of

    In half an hour the rain leaked in large drops through the roof. 半小时内,雨水大滴大滴地从房顶渗了下来。

    Pour the oil in drops into the mixture. 把油一滴一滴地滴进混合物。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • On his..Ears..Sweat in clammy Drops appears.

    出自:Dryden
  • They would be faithful to him to the last drop.

    出自:Defoe
  • A faint trickle of water..fell down drop by drop into the ditch.

    出自:J. C. Powys
  • The moisture from the mist collected on my hair, and two drops rolled over..my cheek.

    出自:R. Hughes
  • Sweat dropped from his brow.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary

drop的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. drop解释为“投寄”时,指比较随意投的意思。

    I dropped a letter to him this morning.

  2. drop in 有“偶然访问拜访”的意思,后面接on或upon后再跟somebody。

    He dropped in/upon on him yesterday.
    昨天他偶然去摆放了他家。

  3. let drop表示“暗示”,在这里drop是不定式,可以跟that从句。

    Quite unexpectedly Sam let drop that he was thinking of leaving.
    非常出乎意料的是,山姆暗示他想离开。

v.(动词)
  1. drop的基本意思是“落下”“投下”,表示某物体以垂直方向突然或偶然落下,通常强调下落的速度、直接性、突然性和偶然性,而这种“落下”的原因则可以源于地心引力,也可以是由于没有握住等,引申还可指家禽或兽类“出生”。
  2. drop还可作“(使)降低”“减少”“减弱”解,引申可以表示地面沉降,价格下跌,数量减少,速度放慢,水准下降,势头衰落,声音压低,(因劳累、受伤、死亡等)倒下,联络中断,问题搁置等。
  3. drop还可以引申表示让某人下车或留在某地,卸下货物,压低嗓门,放慢速度,丢弃或漏掉某物,停止或放弃做某事,改掉某习惯,不经意地说出或暗示。
  4. drop在非正式用语中还可表示“散布”“透露”“投信或写信”。
  5. 在美式英语中, drop可表示“解雇”“开除”,在美国口语中, drop还可表示“亏空,输钱”。
  6. drop可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,其后可接名词或代词作宾语; 作“不经意地说出或暗示”“寄信给某人”解时可接双宾语。可用于被动结构。
  7. drop本义即指“落下”,含有down的意味,所以一般不须再搭用down,短语动词中drop down中的down不指向下,而是用以加强语气,强调突然性或偶然性。
n.(名词)
  1. drop用作名词时可指“落”的动作,即“降落”“下跌”“空投”等,也可指能“降落”的“水滴”“滴状物”。作抽象的“降落”解时,可用作不可数名词,也可用作可数名词,作具体的“水滴”“降落物”解时是可数名词。
  2. drop引申可表示“微量”“一点”,这时只用单数形式,其后常接“of+不可数名词”。
  3. drop还可表示“落差”,这时只用单数形式,其后常接“of+数量短语”,也可在其前加表示数量的短语修饰。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
drop by, drop in on
drop by和 drop in on都可表示“顺便访问”。其区别是:
drop by后常接某地; drop in on后常接某人。例如:
Drop by my place whenever you like.如果你愿意,随时可来。
I just decided to drop in on you one hour ago.我一小时前才决定来看看你。
drop, descend, fall, sink
这四个词都可表示物体向下降落。它们之间的区别是:
1.sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉; descend则通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降; 而drop与fall均可指急速地向下坠落,可直可斜。例如:
The walk descends sharply.小路下倾得很厉害。
The ship struck against the rocks and sank.那船触礁沉没了。
We saw an apple falling〔dropping〕 down from the tree yesterday.昨天我们看见一个苹果从树上掉下来。
2.drop指物体由于重力从高处往下落; fall指物体由于不明原因或物体本身失去平衡而向下降落,有自然下落的意思。例如:
She dropped the cup.她把杯子弄掉了。
Leaves fall in autumn.秋天树叶下落。
3.drop通常是有意识、有目的地下落; 而fall则往往是无意识地下落。例如:
The enemy planes dropped bombs.敌机投下了炸弹。
Rain is falling fast.雨下得很大。
4.drop引申可表示物价的降落; sink还可指精力或意识逐渐丧失。例如:
The price of oil has dropped sharply.石油价格暴跌。
His heart sank.他感到沮丧。
5.drop一般用作及物动词,偶尔也用作不及物动词; fall则通常用作不及物动词。
drop in, call, see, visit
这组词均有“拜访”之意。它们之间的区别是:
1.从语气上说:visit是正式用语; call比较正式; drop in则是日常用语,有“顺便”“不定期”的意味; see一般用于亲友间的访问。例如:
The foreign delegation is visiting in Beijing.外国代表团正在北京访问。
The Britain Ambassador called on Premier Zhou Enlai yesterday.英国大使昨天拜会了周恩来总理。
He sometimes drops in to see me in the evening.他有时晚上来看我。
I'll go to see my parents tomorrow.明天我要去看望父母。
2.在使用场合上:call和visit都可用于社交和公务,但医生到病人家出诊则要用visit。例如:
I visited〔called〕 on the foreign guests yesterday.昨天我走访了外国客人。
In China, restaurant and hotel kitchens are visited〔called〕 on regularly by officers of public health.在中国,卫生人员经常检查饭店和旅馆的厨房。
The doctor is out.He went to visit an emergency case.医生不在。他有急病号,出诊去了。
3.call的时间一般都很短暂,而visit逗留的时间则较长。试比较以下两个句子:
  • I shall call on you this afternoon.
  • 今天下午我去拜访您。
  • When he visited us last year he told us a story every evening.
  • 去年他来我们这儿作客时,每晚都给 我们讲一个故事。
4.visit在英国较少用,一般情况下都用call。如果用了visit,则含有“逗留几天”或“出于公务〔职务〕的要求”的意思。
5.社交场合用的“名片”英美说法不同。美国称calling card,英国称visiting card。
下面两句意思相反:
  • He dropped the habit of smoking.
  • 他改掉了抽烟的习惯。
  • He dropped into the habit of smoking.
  • 他恋上了抽烟。
descend drop fall sink
这些动词都表示“落下,下降”之意。
  • descend:descend通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降。
  • drop:drop指物体从一定高度落下。
  • fall:fall与drop同义,指突然或猛烈地降落,但fall也可指任何下落,同高度或形式无关。
  • sink:sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 布朗跳到河底去找什么东西。

    Brown dropped into the river to find something at the bottom.

  2. 布朗掉到了河里。

    Brown dropped into the river.

    drop只能表示无意识的动作。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:even when heavy items like litre bottles of drink were carried, the comfort factor did not drop.

    纠正:when heavy items like litre bottles of milk were carried, i was no less comfortable.

    翻译:即使当我搬运像成升容量的瓶装牛奶这样的重物时,我也没有感到不舒服。

    分析:在这里factor跟comfort搭配不合适。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语d的ropa;最初源自原始印欧语d的hreub,意为硬糖。

drop的相关资料:

正版词典

drop : 滴 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
drop : 滴,使滴下 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
  • n.(名词) gob 

缩略词

drop的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • drop:drop v. 滴下, 落下, (使声音等)变弱, (使价格等)下降, 使跌倒, 使结束, 不再讨论, 停止与(某人)交往n. 落下, 下降, 滴, 滴剂, 点滴, 微量, 下跌 英英解释:名词dro…

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