kill

  基本词汇  
[kɪl]     [kɪl]    
  • v.杀死;终止;消灭;使痛苦;消磨;使精疲力竭
  • n.杀;猎获物
killed killed killing kills
new

kill是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 杀死,弄死,屠杀,杀,杀害,杀伤,毁灭生命
  2. 扼杀,毁掉,破坏,毁灭
  3. 使终止,使停止
  4. 消磨(时间)
  5. 抵消
  6. 删除
  7. 宰,屠宰
  8. 中和
  9. 削弱
  10. 被杀死,被弄死
  11. 适于屠宰
  12. <口>使精疲力竭
  13. <口>使痛苦, 使极不舒服,使疼痛
  14. <口>对...发怒
  15. 引起死亡,导致死亡
  16. 使受折磨
  17. 使笑得前仰后合
  18. 关闭
n.(名词)
  1. 猎获物,被捕杀的动物,猎物
  2. 杀死,杀伤,屠杀,杀
  3. 水路
  4. 小河,小溪
  5. 杀球
  6. 被击毁的敌机
  7. 捕杀,猎杀
  8. 屠宰
  9. 被屠宰的牲畜
  10. 被杀者

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 杀死 put to death; cause the death of
  2. vt. & vi. 终止,结束 bring to an end
  3. vt. & vi. 停 stop
  4. vt. & vi. (使)疼痛,(使)痛苦 cause pain to sb
  5. vt. & vi. (使)失败,遭拒绝 cause to fail or be rejected

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
kill : 杀 ...
kill : 杀死, 毁掉 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
kill : 杀死(伤) ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
kill : 撤单 ...
kill : 切断(电流 ...
kill : 法律 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of terminating a life

  2. the destruction of an enemy plane or ship or tank or missile;

    "the pilot reported two kills during the mission"

Verb:
  1. cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly;

    "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"
    "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"

  2. thwart the passage of;

    "kill a motion"
    "he shot down the student's proposal"

  3. end or extinguish by forceful means;

    "Stamp out poverty!"

  4. be fatal;

    "cigarettes kill"
    "drunken driving kills"

  5. be the source of great pain for;

    "These new shoes are killing me!"

  6. overwhelm with hilarity, pleasure, or admiration;

    "The comedian was so funny, he was killing me!"

  7. hit with so much force as to make a return impossible, in racket games;

    "She killed the ball"

  8. hit with great force;

    "He killed the ball"

  9. deprive of life;

    "AIDS has killed thousands in Africa"

  10. cause the death of, without intention;

    "She was killed in the collision of three cars"

  11. drink down entirely;

    "He downed three martinis before dinner"
    "She killed a bottle of brandy that night"
    "They popped a few beer after work"

  12. mark for deletion, rub off, or erase;

    "kill these lines in the President's speech"

  13. tire out completely;

    "The daily stress of her work is killing her"

  14. cause to cease operating;

    "kill the engine"

  15. destroy a vitally essential quality of or in;

    "Eating artichokes kills the taste of all other foods"

kill的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. His wife was killed in a car accident.
    他的妻子在车祸中丧生。
  2. They fumigated the room to kill the vermin.
    他们用烟熏房间以杀死害虫。
  3. The noise killed the music.
    噪音淹没了音乐。
  4. They have the right to kill a bill in Parliament .
    他们有权使法案在国会不能通过。
  5. Swallow can help peasants kill pests.
    燕子能帮助农民消灭害虫。
  6. The insecticide will kill off the insect pests.
    这情形剂可消灭害虫。
  7. My back is killing me.
    我的背疼得要命。
  8. My feet are killing me.
    我的脚疼死我了!
  9. You cannot kill time without injuring eternity.
    消磨时间不可能不伤害永恒。
  10. We played cards to kill time until the bus came.
    车子来之前,我们打牌消磨时间。
  11. Those stairs kill me every time!
    每次那些台阶使我精疲力尽!
  12. The heavy work almost killed me.
    这重活几乎使我精疲力竭。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The tiger dragged its kill into the jungle.
    这只老虎拖着它的猎物进了丛林。
  2. The hunters brought their kill back to camp.
    猎人把猎物带回营地。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Careless driving kills!
    开车大意,危及生命!
  2. It's easy to kill, but impossible to restore life.
    杀生容易,回生难。
  3. The troops were shooting to kill.
    军队开枪射杀。
  4. Handle these toxic substances carefully; they can kill.
    处理这些有毒物质时要特别小心,它们能使人中毒致死。
  5. Mosquitoes kill easily when incubating.
    蚊子在产卵时,容易被消灭。
  6. This kind of pigs all kill well.
    这种猪出肉率高。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He killed the enemy.
    他杀死了那个敌人。
  2. He killed a robber in self-defence.
    自卫中,他打死了一个强盗。
  3. We have killed all the invaders on the spot.
    我们已把入侵之敌就地全部杀光。
  4. I was determined to finish even if it killed me.
    即使搭上我的命,我也下决心把事情干完。
  5. Car accidents kill thousands of Americans every year.
    车祸每年使成千上万美国人死亡。
  6. Your dog is going to kill that cat in a minute.
    你家的狗快把那只猫咬死了。
  7. My mother will kill me when she finds out where I've been.
    我母亲要是知道我去过那地方,非把我宰了不可。
  8. The boss will kill me if she finds out about this!
    如果老板发现这件事,她一定会对我发火的!
  9. His jokes killed me.
    他的笑话使我捧腹大笑。
  10. The long hike killed me.
    这次长途跋涉把我累死了。
  11. Overwork killed him.
    他工作过度,劳累致死。
  12. My feet are killing me.
    我的脚疼得很厉害。
  13. It kills him to admit he is wrong.
    要他认错使他感到极为尴尬。
  14. Cold weather killed most of the plants in their garden.
    寒冷的天气把他们花园里的大部分花草都冻死了。
  15. The frost killed the flowers.
    霜使花枯萎了。
  16. With his remark he killed further conversation.
    他这么一说,就把进一步交谈扼杀了。
  17. The heavy downpour killed our hope of getting home before midnight.
    倾盆大雨使我们午夜之前到家的希望破灭了。
  18. That mistake has killed his chances.
    那个错误已使他失去了机会。
  19. They have the right to kill a bill in Parliament.
    他们有权使法案在国会上不能通过。
  20. Why did he kill this proposal?
    他为什么否决这项建议?
  21. Patrick killed the engine, but the hippo sensed danger and submerged.
    尽管巴特瑞克把发动机停了下来,可是河马还是感到了危险而潜入水下去了。
  22. Kill the lights.
    把灯关掉。
  23. The newspaper editor killed the story.
    报社编辑删掉了这篇报道。
  24. A drink of water killed the taste of the medicine.
    喝水消除了药的苦味。
  25. This drug helps to kill pain.
    这药有助于止痛。
  26. While waiting for the train, he killed time by reading.
    等火车的时候,他以读书消磨时间。
  27. They killed an hour at the zoo.
    他们在动物园消磨了小1时。
  28. One colour may kill another near it.
    一种颜色可能使相近的颜色显不出来。
  29. That floral carpet kills the effect of your curtains.
    那块有花卉图案的地毯使你的窗帘没那么扎眼了。
  30. She killed the bottle of wine.
    她喝干了这瓶酒。
  31. 用于be ~ed结构
  32. His sister was killed in a car accident.
    他的妹妹死于车祸。
  33. I was almost killed in the fighting.
    在战斗中,我差一点儿被打死。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. I will kill you a goat.
    我会给你杀一只羊。
  2. She says that she will kill me that pig when I come next time.
    她说等我下次来的时候,她给我杀那头猪。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. He killed a pig for me.
    他为我杀了一头猪。
其他 v -ing as adverb.
  1. He stopped the car suddenly, killing the motor.
    他突然停下汽车,把发动机熄了火。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
kill by〔with〕( v.+prep. )
  1. 用…杀死,被…害死 kill (sb/sth) use sth kill sb/sth by〔with〕 sth

    She killed him by a hammer.她用锤子砸死了他。

    You will kill the child with kindness.你溺爱孩子会害了他。

    He killed his enemy with a spear.他用长矛刺死了他的仇敌。

    The jewel thief killed one of the policemen with a knife.珠宝贼用刀子杀死了一名警察。

    You will have to kill these unwanted plants with poison.你得用药把那些多余的植物除掉。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was killed by a heavy stone.他被一块大石头砸死了。

    He was killed by famine.他死于饥荒。

    She was killed by a fall from the horse.她从马上跌下来摔死了。

kill off( v.+adv. )
  1. 消灭; 把…一个接一个地杀死 kill (things or people) one at a time kill sb/sth ⇔ off

    The invaders killed off all the inhabitants of the town.侵略者将全城居民杀光。

    The flood of hunters killed off most of the buffaloes in that area.大量涌来的猎人捕杀掉了那个地区里的大部分野牛。

    This fever has been killing off many of the older people in the city.城里许多上了岁数的人染上了这种热病后,相继而亡。

    The factory dumped wastes into the river and killed off the fish.这家工厂把有毒的废物倾入河中,把河里的鱼全都毒死了。

    The low price they asked killed their competition off.他们索价低廉,使别人无法和他们竞争。

    Changed circumstances killed these projects off.形势的变化打消了这些计划。

    The president suggested a new law to Congress but many members of Congress were against the idea and they killed it off.总统建议立一个新法,但由于很多国会议员反对,因此落空了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The trees were killed off by the severe winter.在严寒的冬天,这些树相继被冻死。

    In this play, all the characters except one get killed off by the last act, so that we know which one is the murderer.这出剧到最后一场时,除一个人外,其余的先后都被杀死了,所以我们明白了谁是凶手。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Always being right up with the hounds..for fear that she might miss a kill.

    出自:R. Dahl
  • It'd do them good to watch their mother hunt and share a fresh kill.

    出自:R. K. Narayan
  • Bentley did kill his adversary dead.

    出自:J. C. Morison
  • He's dead because I killed him.

    出自:Le Roi Jones
  • Nearly killed myself on the tower ladder.

    出自:V. Canning

kill的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. kill的基本意思是“使终止”,或指通过某种手段使某人或某物失去生命,即“杀死”。kill可指任何形式的“杀死”,可以是有意的,也可以是无意的,关键是“杀而死”,是终结性的,多指“死于非命”。kill只叙述处死这一事实,不涉及使之死的人、处死的手段或环境。用于比喻可指“使…难受至极”“使…笑〔累〕得要死”“使…着迷”“使…尴尬至极”等。引申可用于计划、感情、希望等抽象事物,作“摧毁,扼杀”“否决”“消磨”“关闭”“抵消,中和”等解。kill还可作“吃光,饮尽”解,原为俚语,现在一般场合也可以用。
  2. kill可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,有时也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语。kill用作不及物动词时的主动形式有时可表被动意义。
  3. kill的主语既可以是人(个体的人或集团的人),也可以是动物或任何无生命的事物,如战争、灾害等。
  4. kill与half, almost, nearly等修饰语连用时,可以表示“杀而未死,几乎杀死”。
  5. kill的主动形式在表示被动意义时,暗含了主语本身某些性质决定了“易杀”等的情况,也因为句式的要求,通常不能改为被动结构。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
kill by, kill with
这两个短语都可表示“用…杀死”。其区别是:
kill by用于被动结构可引出动作的主体,而kill with则没有这种用法。例如:
Cage was killed by the thief.凯奇被那个贼杀死了。
kill, assassinate, die, execute
这组词的共同意思是“死”。其区别是:
1.kill表示“杀死”,是中性词,一般指死于非命; die表示“死”,是中性词,一般指正常死亡。例如:
He died three years ago.他三年前去世了。
assassinate是一种特殊形式的“谋杀”,通常是针对领袖人物或知名人士的。例如:
The attempt of assassinating the prime minister failed.刺杀首相的企图未能得逞。
execute是指依照法律或执行命令将某人“处死”。例如:
The man was executed for treason of his own country.那人因叛国罪而被处死。
2.kill的宾语可以是人或物,施动者也可以是人或物; die常用作不及物动词,不用于被动结构,可跟同源宾语。例如:
She died a heroic death.她英勇就义了。
murder的主语和宾语均须是人。例如:
The invaders murdered thousands and thousands of the natives.侵略者屠杀了成千上万的当地居民。
kill, butcher, massacre, slaughter
参见butcher条。
kill, hang, murder, shoot
这组词都有“杀(死)”的意思。其区别是:
1.kill是一般用语,指任何致死的行动,不能表示“杀而未死”; murder主要指用非法手段蓄意地、有预谋地杀害某人; shoot专指用枪打死或用非法手段暗杀某人,本词有“打(杀)而未必死”之义,故若强调“打(杀)死”时需要其他词的辅助,常见的结构有:
shoot...and kill..., shoot...to death, shoot...dead等; hang特指“绞死或吊死”。例如:
She killed him with a hammer.她用铁锤砸死了他。
He was murdered by his brother.他被他哥哥谋杀了。
He shot a lion with his rifle.他用步枪打中一头狮子。
He was hanged for murder.他因杀人而被绞死。
2.kill的宾语可以用于人,也可用于动物、植物; shoot的宾语可以用于人,也可用于动物; murder, hang的宾语只用于人,不能用于动物、植物。例如:
The frost killed the flowers.严霜使花枯死。
He shot a bird and killed it.他打中了一只鸟,并且把它打死了。
She murdered her husband.她谋杀了她的丈夫。
He hanged himself in sorrow after his wife died. 他妻子死后,他在悲痛之下吊死了。
kill murder slaughter massacre assassinate execute
这些动词均有“杀、杀死”之意。
  • kill:kill普通用词,含义广泛,泛指以任何方式使人、动物或植物死亡。
  • murder:murder指谋杀或凶杀。
  • slaughter:slaughter本义指大批宰杀动物,也指像屠宰牲畜一样一次杀死许多人。
  • massacre:massacre语气比slaughter强。指大屠杀,尤指屠杀失去了自卫能力的人。
  • assassinate:assassinate通常指因政治原因用非法手段杀害政治领袖人物或知名人士。
  • execute:execute指依法处死罪犯。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他要杀死那条蛇,但它跑掉了。

    He killed the snake but it escaped.

    He tried to kill the snake but it escaped.

    kill表示“杀死”,而不可以表示“杀而不死”。

  2. 她昨晚自杀了。

    Herself was killed by her last night.

    She killed herself last night.

    She was killed by herself last night.

    kill后可接反身代词作宾语,转换成被动结构时,这个反身代词须转换成相应的人称代词作主语。

  3. 我们已把入侵之敌杀光了。

    We have killed all the invaders to death.

    We have killed all the invaders.

    kill有“杀而致死”的意思,因此to death是多余的。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的kuleln,意为杀。

kill的相关资料:

正版词典

kill : 杀死,使非 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • kill:简介 1. 杀死;宰He was killed in the air crash.他在空难中死去。2. 扼杀,毁掉 This has killed my hopes.这使我的希望破灭了。3. 中和;…

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