direct

  基本词汇  
[də'rekt]     [də'rekt]    
  • adj.直接的;笔直的;坦白的
  • v.对准;指挥;指示;命令
directed directed directing directs
new

direct是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 直接的
  2. 直系的,嫡系的
  3. 笔直的,一直线的
  4. 直截了当的
  5. 恰好的,正好的
  6. 径直的
  7. 率直的,直率的,坦率的
  8. 亲自的,亲身的
  9. 正面的
  10. 明白的
  11. 正统的
  12. 【语法】直接法的
  13. 直射的
  14. 最近的
v.(动词)
  1. 导演
  2. 指示,命令
  3. 指向, 把...指向某人
  4. 主持
  5. 指导、指点某人
  6. 管理
  7. 指挥
  8. 针对
  9. 暗指着说
  10. 给...指路,为某人 指示方向
  11. 掌管,支配
  12. 将...寄给,寄给,写寄发地址
  13. 引到,带到
  14. 把…对准
adv.(副词)
  1. 直接,直接地
  2. 笔直地
  3. 直达地
  4. 一直
  5. 径直
  6. 亲自
  7. 直接了当地
  8. 直率地
  9. 正好
  10. 准确地
n.(名词)
  1. 指挥杆

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 指示方向,指引 tell or show (sb) how to do sth, how to get somewhere
  2. vt. & vi. 指导,导演,管理 give orders and in this way manage; be in charge of the way sth is done
  3. vt. 在…上写姓名和地址 address (a letter, parcel, etc.)
adj.(形容词)
  1. 直的,笔直的,径直的 straight, not curved or crooked, not turn aside
  2. 直接的,直系的 with nothing or no one in between, immediate
  3. 率直的,坦率的,坦白的 straightforward, frank
  4. [A]恰好的,完全的 exact, complete
adv.(副词)
  1. 径直地,笔直地 without interrupting a journey; using a straight route
  2. 直接地,亲自地 with no one in between; personally

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
direct : 直线的, 直 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
direct : 直线的, 直 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
direct : 指导 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
direct : 直 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
direct : 直 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. direct in spatial dimensions; proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short;

    "a direct route"
    "a direct flight"
    "a direct hit"

  2. having no intervening persons, agents, conditions;

    "in direct sunlight"
    "in direct contact with the voters"
    "direct exposure to the disease"
    "a direct link"
    "the direct cause of the accident"
    "direct vote"

  3. straightforward in means or manner or behavior or language or action;

    "a direct question"
    "a direct response"
    "a direct approach"

  4. in a straight unbroken line of descent from parent to child;

    "lineal ancestors"
    "lineal heirs"
    "a direct descendant of the king"
    "direct heredity"

  5. moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in the same direction as the Earth

  6. similar in nature or effect or relation to another quantity;

    "a term is in direct proportion to another term if it increases (or decreases) as the other increases (or decreases)"

  7. (of a current) flowing in one direction only;

    "direct current"

  8. being an immediate result or consequence;

    "a direct result of the accident"

  9. in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker;

    "a direct quotation"
    "repeated their dialog verbatim"

  10. lacking compromising or mitigating elements; exact;

    "the direct opposite"

Adverb:
  1. without deviation;

    "the path leads directly to the lake"
    "went direct to the office"

Verb:
  1. command with authority;

    "He directed the children to do their homework"

  2. intend (something) to move towards a certain goal;

    "He aimed his fists towards his opponent's face"
    "criticism directed at her superior"
    "direct your anger towards others, not towards yourself"

  3. guide the actors in (plays and films)

  4. be in charge of

  5. take somebody somewhere;

    "We lead him to our chief"
    "can you take me to the main entrance?"
    "He conducted us to the palace"

  6. cause to go somewhere;

    "The explosion sent the car flying in the air"
    "She sent her children to camp"
    "He directed all his energies into his dissertation"

  7. point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards;

    "Please don't aim at your little brother!"
    "He trained his gun on the burglar"
    "Don't train your camera on the women"
    "Take a swipe at one's opponent"

  8. lead, as in the performance of a composition;

    "conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years"

  9. give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction;

    "I directed them towards the town hall"

  10. specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public

  11. direct the course; determine the direction of travelling

  12. put an address on (an envelope)

  13. plan and direct (a complex undertaking);

    "he masterminded the robbery"

direct的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I' m in direct contact with the hijackers.
    我与劫机者保持着直接的联系.
  2. Keep product away from direct sunlight and store in a dry cool place.
    置放在不受阳光直射,干燥通风的地方。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The guide directed our attention to the other picture.
    讲解员要我们注意另一幅画.
  2. He directed the building of the new bridge.
    他指挥修建这座桥。
  3. I asked a little girl to direct me to the bus stop.
    我请一个小姑娘告诉我怎么去汽车站。
  4. The general directed that the prisoners should be set free.
    将军下令释放犯人。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Who will direct at the concert?
    音乐会上谁将做指挥?
  2. Who's directing at yesterday's concert?
    昨晚的音乐会是谁指挥的?
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Sign posts direct travellers.
    路标给游人指路。
  2. “I'm sorry,I can't direct you.”“This young man can direct you there.”
    对不起,“我不知道怎么去。”“这位青年人可以告诉你怎样去”。
  3. They directed me wrongly.
    他们把我指引错了。
  4. There is nobody to direct the workers.
    没有人指挥工人们。
  5. Who is directing the army?
    谁在指挥部队?
  6. Who directed the film?
    谁导演这部影片?
  7. There is nobody to direct the operations.
    没有人指挥作战。
  8. The government has promised to direct its attention to the needs of children with special learning difficulties.
    政府答应密切注意有特殊学习困难的儿童的需要。
  9. Isn't it time we directed our attention to packing the books?
    我们还不该密切注意包装书籍的问题?
  10. Thinking directs one's actions.
    思想指导行动。
  11. Who is directing the work?
    谁在指导这项工作?
  12. Shall I direct the letter to his business address or to his home address?
    我该把这信寄到他的办公地点还是寄到他家里呢?
S+~+that-clause
  1. The general directed that the prisoners should be set free.
    将军命令释放囚犯。
  2. The government directed that the school be built in that area.
    政府指示这所学校建在那个地方。
  3. He accordingly directed that preparations be made to put to the blockade into effect on Monday.
    他于是指示做好准备使封锁在星期一生效。
  4. The manager directed that the office secretary should answer for it.
    经理指示,办公室秘书要负责此事。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I directed him to do the work.
    我命令他去做这项工作。
  2. The coach directed them to run faster.
    教练指导他们跑快一些。
  3. The officer directed his men to advance slowly.
    指挥官命令部下缓慢前进。
  4. He directed us to remain silent.
    他命令我们保持沉默。
  5. The manager directed us to make all-round arrangements.
    经理指示我们要作全面安排。
  6. The general directed the army to attack.
    将军指挥军队进攻。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. We have been directed to return to school before Friday.
    我们已得到指示:星期五以前返回学校。
  9. I was directed to cut the budget.
    我得到指示削减预算。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Which is the most direct way to London?
    到伦敦哪一条路最近?
  2. This is the most direct road.
    这是最直的一条路。
  3. This is a direct election.
    这是直接选举。
  4. He gave me a direct answer.
    他给我直截了当的回答。
  5. She has a direct way of speaking.
    她说话直爽。
  6. The organization was investigated at the direct request of the President.
    按照总统亲自提出的要求,这个组织受到了审查。
  7. Your reply today is in direct contradiction to what you said last week.
    你今天的答复跟上星期说的恰好相反。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. He is very direct, so you always know what his real views are.
    他为人很直率,所以总能知道他的真实想法。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. He came direct from Changchun.
    他从长春直接来的。
  2. The road leads direct there.
    这条路直接通那儿。
  3. Let's go direct to the station to see him off.
    让我直接到车站去为他送行。
  4. She drove direct to the school.
    她直接开车去学校。
  5. The train goes there direct.
    这趟列车直达那里。
  6. This plane flies direct to Paris.
    这飞机直飞巴黎。
  7. These vegetables came direct from a nearby farm.
    这些蔬菜是直接从附近的一农场运来的。
  8. The teacher suggested that I write him direct.
    老师劝我直接给他写信。
  9. I prefer to deal with him direct.
    还是我直接跟他打交道为好。
  10. He came and reported it direct to me.
    他来直接向我汇报。
  11. The writer must take his material direct from real life.
    作家必须直接从现实生活中摄取素材。
  12. The mayor goes direct to the people to listen to their complaints.
    市长亲自深入群众倾听他们的怨言。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
direct against (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…对准 make sth aim at sth direct sth against sth

    They directed all the guns against the fort.他们把所有的炮都对准那个要塞。

    They directed the attacks against the enemy's seaports.他们攻击的目标是敌人的海港。

direct at (v.+prep.)
  1. 宗旨在于 have firm direction direct sth at sb/v-ing 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The system is directed at providing help for old people.这项制度旨在为老人提供帮助。

direct to (v.+prep.)
  1. 用于 aim sth towards a purpose direct sth to sth/v-ing

    The government will direct the additional taxes to industries in greatest need.政府将把额外的税收用于最急需的产业。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The system is directed to providing help for old people.这种制度的目的是为老人们提供方便。

  2. 指示去 aim (attention, remarks, motion) in the stated direction direct sb to sth

    The stranger asked me to direct him to the station.这位陌生的客人要我指示他去火车站的方向。

    Can you direct me to the post office?你能指示我去邮局的方向吗?

  3. 把(信等)寄到… address (sth such as letter) to (sb or a place) direct sth to sb/sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The letter is directed to him.这封信是写给他的。

    The parcel was directed to the wrong address.这邮包被寄错了。

  4. 将…讲给(某人)听 speak to direct sth to sb

    Please direct all complaints to Head Office.请把意见讲给总公司听。

    Let me direct these remarks to the younger students.这些话还是让我来对低年级的学生说吧。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    My next remarks are directed to the boys and girls of this school.我下面的话是讲给本校的男女学生们听的。

direct towards (v.+prep.)
  1. 花时间或力气去做 cost time, strength to do (sth) direct sth towards sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Our energies must be directed towards higher productivity.我们必须努力谋求增产。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~

经典引文

  • Instead of continuing the direct assault, he swung his army in a wide circle.

    出自:M. Mitchell
  • Lady Ellesmere's letter missed me altogether, although directed as I desired.

    出自:Ld Houghton

direct的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. direct在表示“直接地”时,指不经过第三方的,不绕圈子的,可作副词。

    You had better write direct to the headmaster.
    你最好字节写给校长。

  2. 副词形式directly的主要意思则是“立即地”“正好地”;
  3. direct表示“命令”时,后可以引导that从句,从句要用shall或should或虚拟现在式。

    I directed that you (should) be paid in full.

v.(动词)
  1. direct的基本意思是“指示方向”“指引”,表示向正确的路线行走,或引导使沿着正确的路线前进,有时还可表示让某人或某类人注意自己所说的话或所做的事。常引申为“指导”“导演”,表示用技能、权威、权力去指引、指挥或统治。
  2. direct还可指在信封或包裹上写上姓名和地址。
  3. direct可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,用作及物动词时,接名词、代词或虚拟的that从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
  4. direct接介词to可表示“指向…”或“用于…”; 接介词at可表示“目的在于”; 接towards则可表示“花时间或力气去做…”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. direct作形容词时基本意思是“直的”“笔直的”“径直的”,引申可表示“直接的”“直系的”,指当中没有其他事物的或对某事或某人有直接关系的。direct用来形容人时,表示“直率的”“坦率的”“坦白的”,指人直性子或有坦率的态度。direct有时还可表示“恰好的”“截然的”,在句中只用作定语。
  2. direct作“直接的”“亲身的”“直系的”解时无比较级和最高级形式。
adv.(副词)
  1. direct用作副词时基本意思是“直接地”“直达地”“笔直地”,指径直地,不绕道地,表示实际距离,从甲地到乙地一直走,也可用来强调直接性,也可表示“一直”,多修饰动态动词,引申还可表示“直接地”“亲自地”,不经过第三者转手直接交付对方。
  2. 当表示“对…直接地”时,常用介词to。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
direct, charge, command, enjoin, instruct
这组词都有“发出命令”的意思。其区别是:
command表示“命令,指挥”,强调强制性; enjoin表示“命令,迫使”,强调权威性,含有督促或警告的意味; direct表示“命令,指示”,强调指示和对指示的遵从; instruct表示“命令,指令”,常可和direct相互换用,但instruct更为正式,多用于商业、官方、外交关系中; charge表示“命令,指示”,为文学用语,侧重布置任务或委以重托。
direct, conduct, guide, lead
这组动词的共同意思是“引导”“指引”。它们之间的区别是:
1.conduct有时表示既做向导又当助手; guide表示带路者熟悉沿途情况,并在领路时加以指点; lead强调走在前面领路,也可指带领他人共同去达到某个目标; direct表示为某人指方向,指出某种途径,但自己并不亲自引路,也表示“指导”别人的事务或活动。例如:
  • He guided them round the Art Show.
  • 他带领他们参观美术展览。
  • I'll lead, you must follow me.
  • 我带路,你一定得跟着我。
  • He conducted a party of tourists to Europe.
  • 他带领着一批游客去欧洲。
  • Tom directed him to the bus stop.
  • 汤姆指点他如何去汽车站。
2.在引申表示“领导”时, guide和lead可互换。
adv.(副词)
direct, directly
这两个词都可表示“直接地”。其区别是:
1.direct常指空间、距离,表示“直接地”; directly可指时间,表示“立刻”“马上”。例如:
She drove direct to school.她直接开车到学校。
I'll be there directly.我马上到那儿。
2.direct多用于直义,修饰动词,而directly则多用于比喻义,修饰形容词。例如:
  • You had better write direct to the secretary.
  • 你最好直接写信给书记。
  • I think Mike is directly responsible for the damage.
  • 我认为迈克要对这个损失负责。
3.如果乘坐交通工具,飞机、火车、汽车等从一地直达某地,不换乘其他交通工具,则不可用directly,而要用direct来表示。例如:
You can't go to Manchester direct, you have to change trains at Birmingham.你不能直达曼彻斯特,你一定要在伯明翰换车。
4.directly还可用作连词,相当于as soon as; direct无此用法。例如:
Directly that he came in,I knew something had happened.当他进来时,我知道有事发生了。
5.在美式英语中direct用作副词时和directly用法上没有严格的区分。
control direct govern manage rule supervise administer
这些动词均有“管理、支配”之意。
  • control:control含义广泛的常用词,指对人或物施以约束或控制的力量。
  • direct:direct侧重行使领导或指导权。
  • govern:govern侧重指运用任何控制的权力来统治或管理一个国家、一个社会或一个部门,暗含能力和知识的运用。
  • manage:manage强调对具体事务机构进行管理,有时含受权管理或处理之意。
  • rule:rule强调用绝对或独裁的权力来管理或统治。
  • supervise:supervise侧重指运用本身的或被授予的权力来管理、检查工作,含监督意味。
  • administer:administer指官方的或正式的对事务的管理。
direct conduct guide lead pilot
这些动词都含“引导”之意。
  • direct:direct指为某人指方向,但自己不一定亲自引路,也可表示指导一群人的事或活动。
  • conduct:conduct正式用词,指引导某人去某处,强调亲自带领;也强调监督管理一群有共同目的或目标的人。
  • guide:guide普通用词,可与conduct换用,指引导者与被引导者双方彼此合作,共同努力的关系。
  • lead:lead指走在前面给某人引路或带路,共同去达到某一目标。用于抽象意义时,指在某项活动或运动中起主导和组织作用。
  • pilot:pilot从原义“为飞机、轮船导航”借喻为指亲自带领某人去某处。
direct directly
这两个副词都有“直接地”之意。
  • direct:direct指行路中不停步、不绕道、直奔目的地。
  • directly:directly指以一种直接的方式。表示时间的时候,指立刻,不拖延之意。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i will buy the car directly from the factory.

    纠正:i will buy the car firect from the factory.

    翻译:我直接从工厂买车。

    分析:direct可作副词表示“直接的”,注意不要和directly用法混淆。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进英入语,直接源自拉丁语的diretus,意为引导。

direct的相关资料:

正版词典

direct : 直的,笔直 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
direct : 直接的;亲 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

direct的相关缩略词,共有6

互动百科

  • direct:释义 direct 正向转动 从北极来看,逆时针的自转或公转运动,(大多数卫星都是这样);同逆向转动相反。 北极指同地球北极在黄道同侧的点。(英语中,单词"prograde"有时也表示“正向转动”这个…

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