call

  基本词汇  
[kɔːl]     [kɔːl]    
  • vt.呼叫;打电话;把 ...称为
  • n.打电话;访问;召唤;呼叫;把 ... 看作
  • vi.呼叫;(短暂的)拜访
called called calling calls
new

call是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 通话
  2. 叫牌
  3. 叫声,呼声,号声,鸣声,角声
  4. 判决,判定
  5. 访问
  6. 吸引力
  7. 召集
  8. 要求,请求
  9. 号召
  10. 电话
  11. 哨子
  12. 叫喊
  13. 传唤,点名
v.(动词)
  1. 召唤
  2. 召开,召集,下令举行
  3. 叫喊,呼叫,呼喊,呼唤
  4. 叫牌
  5. 打电话给,打电话
  6. 判定
  7. 停靠
  8. 啼,鸣
  9. 要求
  10. 大声念,高声念
  11. 叫来,请来
  12. 征召,号召
  13. 唤醒,叫醒
  14. 到,拜望, 拜访,顺便到...
  15. 把...取名为,把...叫做,称呼
  16. 把...视为,认为
  17. 【棒】停止
  18. 访问

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 叫,喊 speak or say in a loud clear voice; shout
  2. vt. 命名,取名 name
  3. vi. 拜访,访问 make a short visit
  4. vt. & vi. 通电话 speak to by telephone
  5. vt. & vi. 认为; 估计为 consider; regard as being
  6. vt. 召唤,号召 appeal to
n.(名词)
  1. [C]呼喊声,叫声; 鸟鸣声 a loud sound, shout or cry; a characteristic cry of a bird
  2. [C]拜访; 小停 a short visit or stop
  3. [C]打电话 a telephone call
  4. [C]邀请; 要求,请求 an invitation, request, or command
  5. [C]召唤 summons
  6. [C]要求付款 a demand for payment
  7. [U]需要; 理由 a need; an occasion

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
call : 呼叫 ...
call : 喊, 叫, 召 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 呼喊, 召集 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 看涨期权; ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 收货;赎回 ...
在 《外教社房地产英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 要求偿还( ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 催交付款通 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 催缴 ...
call : 呼喊, 预演 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 呼叫, 召集 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
call : 调用 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...
call : 预演;召集 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a telephone connection;

    "she reported several anonymous calls"
    "he placed a phone call to London"
    "he heard the phone ringing but didn't want to take the call"

  2. a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue a particular course;

    "he was disappointed that he had not heard the Call"

  3. a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition;

    "the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience"

  4. a demand especially in the phrase

    "the call of duty"

  5. the characteristic sound produced by a bird;

    "a bird will not learn its song unless it hears it at an early age"

  6. a brief social visit;

    "senior professors' wives no longer make afternoon calls on newcomers"
    "the characters in Henry James' novels are forever paying calls on each other, usually in the parlor of some residence"

  7. a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring his margin up to the minimum requirement

  8. a demand for a show of hands in a card game;

    "after two raises there was a call"

  9. a request;

    "many calls for Christmas stories"
    "not many calls for buggywhips"

  10. an instruction that interrupts the program being executed;

    "Pascal performs calls by simply giving the name of the routine to be executed"

  11. a visit in an official or professional capacity;

    "the pastor's calls on his parishioners"
    "the salesman's call on a customer"

  12. (sports) the decision made by an umpire or referee;

    "he was ejected for protesting the call"

  13. the option to buy a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date

Verb:
  1. assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to;

    "They named their son David"
    "The new school was named after the famous Civil Rights leader"

  2. ascribe a quality to or give a name of a common noun that reflects a quality;

    "He called me a bastard"
    "She called her children lazy and ungrateful"

  3. get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone;

    "I tried to call you all night"
    "Take two aspirin and call me in the morning"

  4. utter a sudden loud cry;

    "she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle"
    "I yelled to her from the window but she couldn't hear me"

  5. order, request, or command to come;

    "She was called into the director's office"
    "Call the police!"

  6. pay a brief visit;

    "The mayor likes to call on some of the prominent citizens"

  7. call a meeting; invite or command to meet;

    "The Wannsee Conference was called to discuss the `Final Solution'"
    "The new dean calls meetings every week"

  8. read aloud to check for omissions or absentees;

    "Call roll"

  9. send a message or attempt to reach someone by radio, phone, etc.; make a signal to in order to transmit a message;

    "Hawaii is calling!"
    "A transmitter in Samoa was heard calling"

  10. utter a characteristic note or cry;

    "bluejays called to one another"

  11. stop or postpone because of adverse conditions, such as bad weather;

    "call a football game"

  12. greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name;

    "He always addresses me with `Sir'"
    "Call me Mister"
    "She calls him by first name"

  13. make a stop in a harbour;

    "The ship will call in Honolulu tomorrow"

  14. demand payment of (a loan);

    "Call a loan"

  15. make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands;

    "He called his trump"

  16. give the calls (to the dancers) for a square dance

  17. indicate a decision in regard to;

    "call balls and strikes behind the plate"

  18. make a prediction about; tell in advance;

    "Call the outcome of an election"

  19. require the presentation of for redemption before maturation;

    "Call a bond"

  20. challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge with or censure for an offense;

    "He deserves to be called on that"

  21. declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee;

    "call a runner out"

  22. lure by imitating the characteristic call of an animal;

    "Call ducks"

  23. order or request or give a command for;

    "The unions called a general strike for Sunday"

  24. order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity, work, role;

    "He was already called 4 times for jury duty"
    "They called him to active military duty"

  25. utter in a loud voice or announce;

    "He called my name"
    "The auctioneer called the bids"

  26. challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of;

    "call the speaker on a question of fact"

  27. consider or regard as being;

    "I would not call her beautiful"

  28. rouse somebody from sleep with a call;

    "I was called at 5 A.M. this morning"

call的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The shouting boy did not hear his mother call him.
    大声叫嚷的孩子听不到妈妈的叫唤。
  2. I'll call you if you give me a name card.
    给我一张名片吧,我会打电话给你。
  3. Most people call me Bob. How do I address you?
    大家叫我鲍勃,我怎么称呼你?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Shortly after we arrived at that hotel, we made a call back home.
    我们到达旅馆不久,就马上打电话回家。
  2. Tomorrow I'll pay a call on him.
    明天我将要去拜访他。
  3. The President made a call for national unity.
    总统号召全国人民团结起来。
  4. The call of this bird is very loud.
    这只鸟的叫声很响亮。
  5. But God has shown me that I should not call any man impure or unclean.
    但神已经指示我,无论什么人,都不可看作俗而不洁净的。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. She called to her father for help.
    她向她父亲喊叫求救。
  2. I'll certainly call on you if I come again.
    再来的话,一定去拜访你。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Who's calling, please?
    请问您是哪位?
  2. She called and called but no one came to her assistance.
    她叫了又叫,但没有人来帮忙。
  3. I've been calling for five minutes.
    我已叫了五分钟了。
  4. A gentle voice's calling.
    一个柔和的声音在呼唤。
  5. Not far away in the woods, a bird called.
    在不远的林子里有一只鸟在叫。
  6. This is London calling.
    这里是伦敦在播音。
  7. I hope you'll call again.
    希望你以后再来。
  8. The milkman calls every morning.
    送牛奶的人每天早上都来。
  9. She promised to call at noon.
    她答应中午来电话。
S+~+to- v
  1. The office called to find out where you were.
    办公室打电话来了解你在什么地方。
  2. I will call to ask your permission tomorrow evening.
    明天晚上我来征求你的同意。
  3. A man called to read the gas meter.
    一个人曾来查看煤气表。
  4. I called to see Mr. Green.
    我拜访了格林先生。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Please call me if I don't wake up in time.
    到时我不醒,请叫醒我。
  2. Now I'll call the roll.
    现在我开始点名。
  3. The aircraft was calling the control station at the airport.
    那架飞机正在用无线电信号向机场的控制台呼叫。
  4. I called him to the door.
    我把他叫到门口。
  5. The teacher called me into his office.
    老师把我叫进他的办公室。
  6. She helped him to bed and called a doctor immediately.
    她把他扶上床躺下,立即请来了大夫。
  7. They decided to call a general strike in the following month.
    他们决定下个月举行总罢工。
  8. John boasted he could climb to the roof without a ladder and so Jim called his bluff and said,“Well, let's see you do it!”
    约翰吹嘘他不用梯子就能爬上房顶,吉姆逗他说,“好,你爬给我看看。”
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. The British Ambassador was called home.
    英国大使奉召回国。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Cage called his name to see if he was at home.
    凯奇呼唤他的名字,看看他是否在家。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Would you call me a taxi?
    请给我叫一辆出租汽车好吗?
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. They called a doctor for Tom.
    他们给汤姆请了个医生来。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron./n. +(to be) n./adj.
  1. She had a daughter last year.They call this one Catherine.
    去年她生了个女孩,他们叫她凯瑟琳。
  2. Call me what you like.
    随你叫我什么好了。
  3. What do you call them in English?
    在英语中你怎么称呼他们?
  4. He called himself a captain.
    他自称是上尉。
  5. How could you call yourself my friend?
    你怎么能硬说你是我的朋友呢?
  6. That's what people call friendship.
    这就是人们所说的友谊。
  7. We call it rose.
    我们叫它玫瑰。
  8. This was calling black white.
    这是在颠倒黑白。
  9. I don't call Russian a hard language.
    我认为俄语并不是一门难学的语言。
  10. We call that an honour to our class.
    我们认为那是我们班的光荣。
  11. I call that a shame.
    我认为那是一种耻辱。
  12. I wouldn't call that (to be) fair.
    我不认为这是公平的。
  13. I call that dishonest.
    我认为那是不诚实的。
  14. We call her behaviour mean and selfish.
    我们认为她的行为既无情又自私。
  15. An Englishman calls himself young at fifty.
    英国人五十岁还说自己年轻。
  16. 用于be ~ed结构
  17. He is called Jacelin.
    他叫杰斯林。
  18. William Ⅰ of England was commonly called William the Conqueror.
    英国的威廉一世通常称为征服者威廉。
  19. My favourite movie is called Gone With The Wind .
    我最喜欢的电影是《乱世佳人》。
  20. Nothing can be called unknowable.
    没有什么事物可认为是不可知的。
S+~+it+ n. + v -ing
  1. I don't call it living being a blind man.
    我认为这不是盲人的生活。
S+~+it+ adj. +to- v
  1. They called it silly to do so.
    他们认为这样做很傻。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The editor called me to tell him the news.
    编辑叫我把那个消息告诉他。
  2. The sirens are calling the men to assemble.
    警报声在召集士兵集合。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. This morning I received a telephone from a man called Charlie Green.
    今天上午我接到一个叫查理·格林的人打来的电话。
  2. He was reading a book called The Red Star Over China .
    他在读一本叫《西行漫记》的书。
  3. There's a girl in the village called Xiao Fang.
    村里有个姑娘叫小芳。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I heard a call for help.
    我听到呼救声。
  2. A clarion call broke the morning stillness.
    嘹亮的号角声打破了清晨的宁静。
  3. The call of this bird is very loud.
    这只鸟的叫声很响。
  4. The groom made a call to his horse to move to one side.
    马夫叫他的马走近一点。
  5. This is the last call for the 11:00 express train to London.
    这是11点开往伦敦的特快列车的最后一次呼叫。
  6. We paid a courtesy call on the headmaster.
    我们对校长作了一次礼节性的拜访。
  7. I must return her call soon.
    我该马上对她进行回访。
  8. Haas made a call on Ade yesterday.
    哈斯昨天拜访了艾德。
  9. Remember, you owe me a call now.
    记住,你应该到我这儿来做一次客。
  10. The salesman made house-to-house calls for orders.
    这位推销员挨家挨户访问,征求订货。
  11. The ship omitted a call.
    这艘船少停靠一站。
  12. A phone call brought him hurrying to Leeds.
    一个电话使他匆匆赶回里兹。
  13. I was just going out when a call came through on the phone from Tom.
    我正要出去时,汤姆打电话来了。
  14. Would you try that call again, please? I've been connected to the wrong person.
    请你重新接一次电话好不好?刚才接错人了。
  15. He accepted the call to the chairman of the trade union.
    他应邀担任工会主席。
  16. The engineer declined a call to another research institute.
    这位工程师谢绝了另一个研究所的邀请。
  17. The doctor attended a professional call.
    医生应患者的请求去出诊。
  18. The Internationale is a clarion call to the labouring people of the world.《
    国际歌》是唤起全世界劳动人民的响亮号角。
  19. A call for 100 bottles of blood was answered promptly.
    征求100瓶血液的呼吁很快得到了响应。
  20. College graduates should answer the Party's call to go down to the grass-roots units.
    大学毕业生应响应党的号召到基层单位去。
  21. In the war many people answered the call of the country.
    战时,很多人响应国家的号召。
  22. I did it at the call of duty.
    我凭责任心去做它。
  23. Imes felt the call of the sea.
    艾姆斯想去当海员。
  24. She has many calls on her money.
    许多人向她讨债。
  25. The check should be paid at call.
    支票必须是随时可以兑取的。
  26. There is no call for you to worry.
    你没有理由担心。
  27. You had no call to do that.
    你不必做那事。
  28. Was the last call four clubs?
    刚才叫的牌是梅花4吗?
  29. As the call, so the call.
    你如何对待别人,别人就如何对待你。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
call about (v.+prep.)
  1. 找…谈某事 ask (sb) to talk about sth call about sth

    Excuse me, madam,I've been asked by Head Officer to call about your outstanding debt on the cooker.对不起,夫人,我们头叫我找你谈谈有关炊具高额欠款的事。

call after (v.+prep.)
  1. 跟在…后面叫(以引起注意) shout behind (in order to cause attention) call after sb/sth

    I called after you, but you didn't hear.我在你后面叫你,可你没听见。

    They called after the departing truck.他们跟在刚开走的卡车后面叫喊。

  2. 以…命名 name after call sb after sb

    The father called the baby John after his grandfather.父亲以祖父的名字约翰来给这个婴孩取名。

call at (v.+prep.)
  1. 到…进行短暂访问 pay a short visit; go to (sb's house, office, etc.)

    She asked him to call at Brown's hotel to see her daughter. 她要他去布朗旅馆见她的女儿。

    Do you think we should call at Bob's while we are in London? 你认为我们在伦敦应该去鲍勃家去看望他吗?

  2. 停留 stop

    This train calls at every station. 这趟火车每站都停。

call away (v.+adv.)
  1. 叫走,叫到别处 call to another place

    The doctor was called away a few minutes ago. 大夫几分钟前让人请去出诊了。

    He has just been called away to an important meeting. 他刚才给叫走去开一个重要会议。

    Her husband is always called away on business. 她丈夫老是因公离家外出。

  2. 转移(某人的注意力等) attract sb's attention, interests, etc.

    It called away his attention. 这件事使他分神。

call back (v.+adv.)
  1. 回喊 shout back call back

    The man called from the other side of the river, and his friend called back.那个男的隔着河喊他的朋友,他的朋友也回喊。

  2. 叫(某人)回来〔去〕 ask (sb) to come〔go〕 back call sb ⇔ back

    The manager was about to leave when his secretary called him back.经理刚要走,秘书叫他回来。

    His mother called him back from the school.他母亲把他从学校叫回。

    They called him back from America.他们把他从美国召了回来。

  3. 回电话 return a telephone call call back

    He isn't here right now.Please call back later.他现在不在。请过一会儿再打电话来吧。

    Thanks for the news, and I'll call back in half an hour.谢谢告诉我那个消息,半小时后我回电话。

    call sb ⇔ back

    Would you ask her to call me back?能否请你让她给我回个电话?

  4. 重访(某个地方) visit (some place) again call back

    The salesman will call back at any house he missed.那个推销员将重访他所怀念的每所房子。

  5. 使恢复 cause to resume call sth ⇔ back

    This medicine should call your strength back.这种药能使你恢复精力。

  6. 记起(某事) remember (sth) call sth ⇔ back

    I cannot call his face back.我记不起他的相貌了。

call by (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉顺路来一下(到某处) visit when passing a place call by

    If you don't mind,I'll call by at 5 and pick up my books.如果你不介意,我今天5点会顺路去你那儿取我的书。

    Don't go out. Aunt Rose's calling by this evening.别出去,今晚露丝阿姨要来串门儿。

call down (v.+adv.)
  1. 朝下面大声叫喊 shout in order to be heard by people on a lower level call down

    From a window on the third floor, a man called down,“Let that girl alone!”一位男子在三楼的窗户朝楼下大声喊道:“别碰那姑娘!”

  2. 引起,招惹 invoke call sth ⇔ down

    If you do that, you'll be calling the indignation of the masses down upon yourself.你那样做,将激起群众对你的愤慨。

    Every time I don't go to church on Sunday I have a guilty feeling that I'm going to call down the wrath of God.每当我星期天没有去做礼拜时,我总有一种将会招致上帝愤怒的犯罪感。

  3. 责骂〔申斥〕(某人) scold (sb) call sb ⇔ down

    The director called Jim down for being late again.吉姆又迟到了,经理训了他一顿。

    Mother called Bob down for walking into the kitchen with muddy boots.鲍勃因穿着带泥的靴子进厨房而挨了母亲的骂。

    He called me down on my absence at that important meeting.由于我没有参加那次重要会议,他严厉地批评了我。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was called down by his father for being lazy.他因懒惰而受到父亲的严厉斥责。

call for (v.+prep.)
  1. 去接(某人),去取(某物) go to pick up (sb/sth)

    I waited for the car from the ministry to call for me. 我等部里的车来接我。

    Let's go to the meeting together, and I'll call for you. 开会时咱们一起去吧,到时候我来接你。

    I'll call for you at your office. 我会到你办公室接你。

    Has Jim called for the parcel? 吉姆来取他的包裹了吗?

    He called for his car and suddenly left the meeting. 他要了他的汽车就突然离开了会场。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The goods will be called for by Mr. White's son. 这些货物将由怀特先生的儿子来领取。

  2. 需要 require

    More work doesn't necessarily call for more men. 增加工作不一定要增加人员。

    Your plan will call for a lot of money. 你的计划需要许多钱。

    Success calls for hard work. 要想成功,必须苦干。

    This problem calls for careful thinking. 这个问题需要仔细考虑考虑。

    He wants to know what situation calls for use of the perfect tense. 他想知道在什么情况下需要用完成时态。

    Who's calling for help? 谁在呼救?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    She was willing to help, but her services were not called for. 她倒是愿意帮忙,只是已经没有请她帮忙的必要了。

  3. 要求 demand

    The newspaper articles call for severe punishment for this crime. 报上的一些文章要求严厉惩处这一罪行。

  4. 值得 be worthy of

    You've got the job?This calls for a drink! 你已经得到这一职位?值得庆祝一下!

    These wonderful results call for a celebration. 这些惊人的成绩值得庆祝一番。

    What calls for this merriment? 什么事值得这么高兴?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    To deal with such a situation, sterner measures than these are called for. 对付这样一种局势,采取更为严厉的措施是值得的。

call forth (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈正〉引起,使产生 cause (sth) to be seen or used call forth sth

    The proposal called forth a good deal of criticism.这项提案引起很多批评。

    Their proposal called forth a heated discussion among us.他们的建议在我们中间引起了热烈的讨论。

    You will have to call forth all your energy for this work.做这项工作你得使出全部精力。

    Oppression always calls forth the power of resistance.压迫总是唤起反抗。

    April showers call forth May flowers.四月的阵雨催开五月的鲜花。

call in (v.+adv.)
  1. 叫(某人)进来; 来访 ask (sb) in; visit call in

    Call in this evening if possible.如有可能,今晚来一趟。

    Call in, or ring us up.你可以来访,也可以打电话来。

    call sb in

    Please call Kehr in.请凯尔进来。

  2. 找来,请来 ask, require the presence or attention of call sb ⇔ in

    They decided to call in a doctor, because the child was no better.他们决定请大夫,因为孩子的病情并未好转。

    He insisted that we should call in a specialist at this point.这时他坚决主张我们去请一位专家来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A lawyer is often called in to write a will.律师常被请来写遗嘱。

  3. 用电话通知 notify (sb/sth) by telephone call in

    The director has just called in to say that she'll be late.主任来电话说她要迟些时候来。

    call sth ⇔ in

    All the reporters rushed to the telephone to call in their stories when the game was over.比赛结束时,所有的记者都冲到电话机房,用电话把采访的情况通知出去。

  4. 收回,命令交出 direct to be given in call sth ⇔ in

    The librarian has called in all the books.图书管理员把书全部都收回去了。

    The makers have called in some cars with dangerous faults.制造商已经要求把某些有大毛病的汽车送回去。

    The bank has threatened to call in all money lent more than twenty years ago.银行威胁要收回二十多年前所有借出去的钱。

    On the outbreak of war the Government called in all gold coinage and replaced it by notes.在战争爆发的时候,政府下令收回所有的金币,并以纸币代之。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Owing to the discovery of a number of forgeries, all existing licences are to be called in and exchanged for new ones.由于发现了一些伪造的证件,所有现存的许可证一律要收回换成新的。

call off (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…叫走 ask sb to go away

    I called off my dog when he came. 他来时我把狗叫走了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    I was twice called off from my work this morning to answer the phone. 今天上午我两次丢下工作去接电话。

  2. 取消; 停止 cancel; stop (sth) happening

    His idea was to get us to call off the strike. 他的意思是让我们取消罢工。

    It was decided to call off the search when there was no hope of finding the missing child alive. 在没有希望能活着找到那孩子时,决定停止搜寻。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The football match was called off because of the weather. 因为天气不好而取消了足球赛。

  3. 转移(某人的注意力等) attract sb's attention

    Don't let anything call off your attention from your studies. 不要让别的事转移你学习的注意力。

  4. 点名,逐一念出 speak a list of (names, words, etc.)

    The teacher began to call off the names on his list. 老师开始按名单点名。

    He called off the names of the eligible candidates. 他依次读出合格候选人的名字。

call on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 拜访(某人) pay a visit (to sb) call on〔upon〕 sb

    I called on Mr. Green this morning.今天上午我拜访了格林先生。

    We called on him for his opinion.我们去征求他的意见。

    An old friend of his called upon him yesterday afternoon.昨天下午,他的一位老朋友来看他。

  2. 叫,号召 ask sb to do sth call on〔upon〕 sb to-v

    I felt quite nervous when the teacher called on me to answer the question.老师叫我回答问题时,我感到相当紧张。

    The President called on the people to work hard to make the country rich and strong.总统号召人民努力工作,使国家富强起来。

  3. 要求,请求 require call on〔upon〕 sb to-v

    I called on him to keep his promise.我要求他遵守诺言。

    He called on Mr. White to speak at the gathering.他请怀特先生在集会上讲话。

  4. 起用,使用 use (sb/sth) call on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    The cricket team was so short of players that they had to call on the second team.那个板球队缺员厉害,只好起用二队。

    In order to defeat his tennis opponent,Jim had to call on all his skills.为了打败他的网球对手,吉姆使出了浑身解数。

call out (v.+adv.)
  1. 叫喊,大声地说 shout out loudly; say loudly call out

    If you know the answer, put your hand up, don't call out.假如你知道答案就举手,不要大声嚷嚷。

    She called out for help but nobody came.她大喊救命,但无人理会。

    The sudden blow to her leg made her call out in pain.她的腿突然遭到一击,疼得她大叫起来。

    call sth ⇔ out

    Jane called out her friend's name when she saw her get on a bus.简看到她的朋友正要上汽车,就大声地叫她。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Each one of you should stand up when your name is called out.当叫你名时,每个人都应站起来。

  2. 调来; 请去 transfer or ask for (sb) to another place call sb ⇔ out 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The fire brigade was called out twice last night.消防队昨晚被调动两次。

    The doctor is not at home; he has been called out on an urgent case.大夫不在家,他被请去急诊了。

  3. (工会等)命令(工人们)罢工 order (workers) to come out on strike call sb ⇔ out

    The union called out the workers when negotiations with the factory owners failed to bring satisfactory results.由于与厂主的谈判未能取得满意结果,工会下令工人们举行罢工。

  4. 召集 ask (sb) together call sb ⇔ out

    The teacher called out his students.老师把学生们召集到一起。

  5. 唤起,引起 cause (sth) to be seen〔used〕 call sth ⇔ out

    Trouble can call out a person's best qualities.逆境可以激发出一个人的优秀品质。

    The speaker's emotional appeal called out a quick response from the audience.讲演者动情的呼吁立即引起了听众的反应。

call over (v.+adv.)
  1. 点(名) speak a list of names

    The teacher calls over the names of his students every day. 老师每天给学生点名。

  2. 把…叫过来 ask sb to come near

    The teacher saw her standing there and called her over. 老师看见她站在那里,就把她叫了过来。

call together (v.+adv.)
  1. 使集合,聚集起来 cause (sb/sth) to gather call sb/sth together

    Call all the members together and we'll take a vote.把所有的成员召集起来,我们要投票了。

    When I am unwell I find it difficult to call my thoughts together.当我不舒服的时候,我发现很难将我的思想集中起来。

call up (v.+adv.)
  1. 朝上方叫喊 shout so as to be heard by people on a higher level call up

    From the bottom of the stairs Mary called up,“Have you seen my glasses?”玛丽在楼底下朝楼上大声地问:“你有没有看到我的眼镜?”

  2. 〈美〉给…打电话 make a telephone to sb or some place call up to-v

    The radio station had an open line on which listeners could call up to discuss various issues.这家电台开放线路,听众可打电话参加各种问题的讨论。

    call sb/sth ⇔ up

    Please call me up at any time.请随时给我打电话。

    I tried to call you up last night, but no one answered the phone.昨晚我打电话给你,可没人接。

    She called up a friend just for a chat.她给朋友打了个电话,不过聊聊天而已。

    When he got back to the city, he called up the office.他回到城里时给办公室打了个电话。

  3. 〈英〉叫醒 wake (sb) call sb ⇔ up 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The doctor was called up three times during the night to attend urgent cases.医生夜里三次被叫醒去看急诊病人。

  4. 使回忆起 bring back to memory call sth ⇔ up

    Your letter calls up those pleasant days when we worked together.你的来信使我回想起往日我们一起工作的快乐日子。

    The smell of these flowers called up my years in the countryside.那些花的芳香使我想起在农村生活的年代。

    That face called up in his mind the image of his dead wife.那张脸使他在脑海里出现了他亡妻的形象。

  5. 〈英〉征召(入伍) summon for military service call sb ⇔ up 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was called up right at the beginning of the war.战争一开始他就被征召入伍了。

    His elder brother was called up for military service.他的哥哥应召去服兵役。

    During the war, all young men were called up to fight in the army, the navy or the air force.战争时期,所有的年轻人都被征集参加陆军、海军或空军。

  6. 传讯 summon for interrogation or trial call sb ⇔ up

    The court called up three witnesses.法庭传讯了3名证人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    All the witnesses were called up when the trial began.审讯开始时,所有证人都被传到法庭。

  7. 用妖术或符咒引起(鬼魂)出现 cause (a spirit) to rise by the use of an incantation or spell call sth ⇔ up

    The magician offered to call up the spirit of any great person of the past that we liked to name.魔术师表示能把任何一个我们愿意指定的死去的伟人的鬼魂召回。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    If the spirit of Caesar could be called up by some spell,I wonder what it would think of the present-day world.如果恺撒的鬼魂可以用符咒召回的话,我不知道他对当今世界会有什么看法。

what is called
  1. 所谓的 what is known as

    She is what is called a writer. 她是个所谓的作家。

    He is what is called a genius. 他是个所谓的天才。

用作名词 (n.)
a close call
  1. 〈口〉幸免,死里逃生 escaping by sheer luck; having a narrow escape

    The car almost ran me over.It was a close call. 那辆汽车差点把我碾死,真是死里逃生。

    Joe had a close call when his motorbike nearly collided with a lorry. 乔的摩托车差点同卡车猛撞,他侥幸地脱险了。

at sb's call
  1. 听从(某人)召唤; 听命于人 taking orders from; at sb's command

    They came at my call. 我一叫他们就来了。

    There are thousands of men at her call. 有成千上万的人随时听命于她。

get no call
  1. 〈非正〉无权,无资格 have no right

    You got no call fooling your husband. 你无权愚弄你的丈夫。

within call
  1. 喊声所及; 在附近 the distance that the call could reach; near

    There are plenty of police within call. 附近有许多警察。

    Take care of what you say; there is somebody within call. 你讲话小心点,附近有人。

    They were within call of the village. 他们在村子附近。

  2. 顺从 submit to; yield to

    He is always within call of his wife. 他对他的妻子总是很顺从的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • They gave but a call, and in came their Master.

    出自:Bunyan
  • Sometimes you would call out for Cicely Hacket.

    出自:Taming of Shrew,Shakespeare
  • He calling earnestly after me.

    出自:T. Ellwood
  • He called softly.

    出自:S. T. Warner
  • To the billow the fountain calls.

    出自:fig.

call的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. call someone表示“唤醒某人”或“高声唤某人而叫某人来”,在美国,还有“打电话给某人”的解释;
  2. 表示某人名叫什么,可用be called。

    He is called Mark.
    他名叫马克。

  3. call后加不同介词再加宾语时,表示不同含义:call to sb表示“高声唤某人”。call on和call at都表示“短暂的拜访”,但是后者后面接地点。call upon sb表示“请求某人”,偶指“拜访某人”。call for sb可表示“拜访某人然后跟他一同出去”,或者表示“吩咐别人叫某人来”。call sb up表示“打电话给某人”;

    The chairman called on her to say a few words.
    警察拜访了她,问了些话。

  4. call没有“吩咐某人做什么”的意思,可以用动词tell或ask来代替call去表示。call sb to do表示“高声唤某人做某事”,如call him to help me有“高声唤他来帮助我”的意思;
  5. 短语call for的用法:可表示“需要”的意思,其后可加不定式。还可表示其他意思,如句子The meeting was called for I July表示“会议被决定在7月8日召开”。

    The work is important enough to call for us to exercise great care.
    这项工作很重要,我们需要很小心谨慎。

v.(动词)
  1. call的基本意思是“叫喊”,指各种场合下的大声说话,强调叫喊的实际动作。引申可表示“命名”“拜访”“通电话”“召唤”等。
  2. call可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。作“喊”“叫”解时,多接简单宾语; 作“叫来”“请来”解时,多接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语; 作“命名”“称为”“认为是”解时,可接以名词或形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。充当宾语补足语的名词除专指某人外,一般都用冠词。call偶尔也可接由动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。call接复合宾语时,如宾语为动词不定式或动名词,而其补足语为形容词或名词时,则须以it置于宾语位置上充当形式宾语,而把真正的宾语置于其补足语之后。
  3. call和at〔on〕连用可表示短暂的拜访,多用于仅有社会关系或公共关系者,也可用于至爱亲朋。
  4. call可用于被动结构,其过去分词常可用作形容词,在句中作后置定语。
  5. name一般不与be called一起用。例如“我叫加拉”不可译成“My name is called Gara.”,而应该说“I'm called Gara.”。
  6. 在英国往往用ring up表示打电话; 在美国则用call up,且up常省略。
n.(名词)
  1. call一般用作可数名词,其基本意思是“呼喊声,叫声”,既可指人发出的声音,也可指动物或其他物体发出的声音。引申可表示“拜访”“打电话”“邀请”“召唤”等。call用于桥牌游戏中还可表示“叫牌”。
  2. call作“需要”“理由”解时,多为不可数名词,主要用于否定句或疑问句中。若表示具体要求时,为可数名词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
call at, call on
这两个短语的共同意思是“拜访”。其区别是:
1.call at接地点名词,即某人的住处或工作单位; call on接表人的名词。
2.call at强调目的性,且通常时间较短; 而call on则指因公或社交,较正式。
3.call on可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语,意思是“请〔号召〕某人做某事”; 而call at无此用法。
4.call at还可作“(车、船)停靠”解; 而call on无此义。
call on, call in
这两个短语都可表示“拜访”,前者是较正式的访问,后者则指顺路短暂停留。
call sb's name, call sb names
这两个短语的意思完全不同。前者是“叫某人的名字”,后者是“骂某人”; 前者可视实际情况而用name或names,而后者无论是一个人还是几个人,均用names。试比较以下两个句子:
  • She heard someone calling her name.
  • 她听见有人在叫她。
  • She heard someone calling her names.
  • 她听见有人在骂她。
call, cry, shout
这组词都有“叫”的意思。其区别是:
call 类似汉语中的“呼叫”,指为引起他人的注意而大声说; cry 类似汉语中的“喊叫”,指表达感情(如痛苦、害怕等)和要求而大声叫; shout 类似汉语中的“呼喊”,兼有 call 和 cry的共同含义“大声喊”。试比较以下三个句子:
  • I heard someone calling for help.
  • 我听见有人在呼叫帮忙。
  • I heard someone crying for help.
  • 我听见有人在大叫救命。
  • “Go home!”the crowd shouted.
  • 人群在高喊:“滚回去!”
call, name
这两个词在与after构成短语表示“取名”“以…的名字命名”时,一般可以通用。例如:
The girl was called〔named〕 Mary after her mother.这女孩随她妈妈也取名叫玛丽。
Tasmania was named〔called〕 after its discoverer,A.J.Tasman.塔斯曼尼亚岛是以它的发现者塔斯曼命名的。
这两个词之间的区别是:
1.call的意思是“把…叫做…”,过去时、现在时或将来时都可以用; name则指“起名字”的一次性动作,一般不用于现在时。例如:
What are you going to call〔name〕 the baby?你打算给婴儿取什么名字?
She had a daughter last year.They call her Cage.她去年生了个女孩,他们把她叫做“凯奇”。
Her father named her Cage.她父亲给她取名“凯奇”。
2.name指正式的命名, call则既可指正式的命名,也可用于别称。例如:
His name is Brooks but we call him Jim.他的名字是布鲁克斯,但我们都称他为吉姆。
It was named the Youth Canal.它被命名为青年渠。
We call him Iron Ox.我们管他叫铁牛。
3.在表示“叫出名字”“提出”“提名为,任命”时,只能用name,不能用call; 而在表示“呼叫”“拜访”“认为”时,只能用call,而不能用name。
call, phone, ring
这组词都可表示“打电话”。它们的区别是:phone和ring常用于英式英语中, call则常用于美式英语中。例如:
  • 我要给你打电话。
  • (BrE)I'll phone you.
  • (BrE)I'll ring you.
  • (AmE)I'll call you.
call, drop in, see, visit
这组词均有“拜访”之意。它们之间的区别是:
1.从语气上说:visit是正式用语; call比较正式; drop in则是日常用语,有“顺便”“不定期”的意味; see一般用于亲友间的访问。例如:
The foreign delegation is visiting in Beijing.外国代表团正在北京访问。
The Britain Ambassador called on Premier Zhou Enlai yesterday.英国大使昨天拜会了周恩来总理。
He sometimes drops in to see me in the evening.他有时晚上来看我。
I'll go to see my parents tomorrow.明天我要去看望父母。
2.在使用场合上:call和visit都可用于社交和公务,但医生到病人家出诊则要用visit。例如:
I visited〔called〕 on the foreign guests yesterday.昨天我走访了外国客人。
In China, restaurant and hotel kitchens are visited〔called〕 on regularly by officers of public health.在中国,卫生人员经常检查饭店和旅馆的厨房。
The doctor is out.He went to visit an emergency case.医生不在。他有急病号,出诊去了。
3.call的时间一般都很短暂,而visit逗留的时间则较长。试比较以下两个句子:
  • I shall call on you this afternoon.
  • 今天下午我去拜访您。
  • When he visited us last year he told us a story every evening.
  • 去年他来我们这儿作客时,每晚都给 我们讲一个故事。
4.visit在英国较少用,一般情况下都用call。如果用了visit,则含有“逗留几天”或“出于公务〔职务〕的要求”的意思。
5.社交场合用的“名片”英美说法不同。美国称calling card,英国称visiting card。
call, convene, convoke, invite, muster, summon
这组词都表示“召开,召集”。其区别是:
convene的词义比较广,既可指召集某个团体,也可指单独调某人; 而convoke所表示的召集意思更正式,更具权威性,而且所召集的机构往往有权通过决议或有执行权; call和summon只用于指召集政权机构、正式会议等,而不用于指召集某些人,但summon的主体一般是有权的,要召集的态度也更坚决; muster不是表示召集,而是调集很多人于一地,它跟本组其他词的不同在于:它往往表示为检阅、演习等目的而调集,客体带有军事性质; invite则是客气地邀请,被邀者出席与否可以自愿选择。
注意下面三个句子意思的异同:
  • I called him to come.
  • 我叫他来。
  • I called to him to come.
  • I called out to him to come.
  • 我大声叫他来。
注意下面各短语的意思不同:
  • call a doctor 叫医生
  • call in a doctor 请来医生
  • call for a doctor 去接医生
  • call on a doctor 拜访医生
下面的句子可有几种不同的意思:
  • They called Agnes a nurse.
  • 他们把阿格尼丝叫做护士。
  • 他们为阿格尼丝叫来一位护士。
  • 他们召唤护士阿格尼丝。
n.(名词)
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • He made a call on Ada yesterday.
  • 昨天他拜访了艾达。
  • He made Ada a call yesterday.
  • 昨天他给艾达打了电话。
call summon send for
这些动词或词组均含有“召集,召唤”之意。
  • call:call非正式用词,含义广泛,指用说话或呼叫的形式召唤。
  • summon:summon正式用词,指官方或正式的召集,召集者具有权力或权威性。
  • send for:send for作“召唤”解时,语气较随便,暗示委派一件工作。
cry shout exclaim roar scream shriek yell call
这些动词的共同含义是“喊”或“叫”。
  • cry:cry一般指因恐惧、痛苦、惊奇等而喊叫。
  • shout:shout指有意识地高声喊叫,常用于提出警告、发命令或唤起注意等。
  • exclaim:exclaim多指因高兴、愤怒、痛苦、惊讶等突发感情而高声喊叫。
  • roar:roar指发出大而深沉的声音、吼叫或咆哮。
  • scream:scream指因恐具、快乐或痛苦而发出的尖叫声。
  • shriek:shriek指因惊恐、痛苦等或其它感情而发出比scream更为尖锐、刺耳的叫声。
  • yell:yell多指求援、鼓励时的呼叫。也可指因外界因素刺激而发出尖厉声音。
  • call:call指大声说话或喊叫,以引起某人的注意。
name call designate
这些动词均含“命名、称呼”之意。
  • name:name含义最泛,指给人或物命名以示区别或便于记忆。
  • call:call指给某人或某物取名字,以某人或某物的特征称呼。
  • designate:designate指用特别的名字、符号或词句来称某人或某物。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 她吩咐我去买张票。

    She called me to buy a ticket.

    She told〔asked〕 me to buy a ticket.

    call sb to do sth 指的是“高声唤某人做某事”,要表示“吩咐某人去做某事”,一般用tell〔ask〕 sb to do sth。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:do you think we should call on bob's while we are in london?

    纠正:do you think we should call at bob's while we are in london?

    翻译:你觉得我们在伦敦的时侯要不要去鲍勃的家拜访一下?

    分析:call on和call at都表示“短暂的拜访”,但是后者后面接地点。句中的bob's表示鲍勃家。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ceallain,意为叫唤,叫出来。

call的相关资料:

正版词典

call : 喊,叫;大 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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