hand

  基本词汇  
[hænd]     [hænd]    
  • n. 手;协助;手艺
  • v. 给;传
  • Hand.
  • n. 汉德(英文姓)
handless hander handed handed handing hands
new

hand的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 指针
  2. 手,动物的前肢,爪,像手的东西
  3. 人手,雇员
  4. 字迹,手迹
  5. 雇员
  6. 手艺,技能
  7. 签字
  8. 插手,参与,经手,轮值
  9. <口>鼓掌
  10. 帮助
  11. 允婚,答允
  12. 一串,一束,分枝根茎
  13. 牌戏的一盘,打牌人,一手牌
  14. 一手之宽
  15. 手感,手觉
  16. 一拳,一击
  17. (谈判等中的)实力
  18. 汉德(英文姓氏)
v. (动词)
  1. 搀扶
  2. 交,给,传递,提供
  3. 【海】收卷(风帆)
  4. <废>用手操纵,对付
adj. (形容词)
  1. 用手(操作)的

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]手 either of the movable parts at the end of a person's arm, including the fingers
  2. [C](钟表等的)指针 a pointer or needle on a clock, machine, or measuring instrument
  3. [C]人手,员工 a worker
  4. [S]帮助,援助 help
  5. [C]字迹,书法 handwriting
  6. [C]有手艺〔技能〕的人 sb with skill, knowledge, or experience of the stated kind
  7. [S]鼓掌,拍手 encouragement given by clapping the hands; a burst of applause
  8. [C]掌握,控制 control, power, or responsibility
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 递,交付 give or transfer sth with one's hand or hands
  2. vt. 传给 give or leave to people who are younger or live after

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the (prehensile) extremity of the superior limb;

    "he had the hands of a surgeon"
    "he extended his mitt"

  2. a hired laborer on a farm or ranch;

    "the hired hand fixed the railing"
    "a ranch hand"

  3. something written by hand;

    "she recognized his handwriting"
    "his hand was illegible"

  4. ability;

    "he wanted to try his hand at singing"

  5. a position given by its location to the side of an object;

    "objections were voiced on every hand"

  6. the cards held in a card game by a given player at any given time;

    "I didn't hold a good hand all evening"
    "he kept trying to see my hand"

  7. one of two sides of an issue;

    "on the one hand..., but on the other hand..."

  8. a rotating pointer on the face of a timepiece;

    "the big hand counts the minutes"

  9. a unit of length equal to 4 inches; used in measuring horses;

    "the horse stood 20 hands"

  10. a member of the crew of a ship;

    "all hands on deck"

  11. a card player in a game of bridge;

    "we need a 4th hand for bridge"

  12. a round of applause to signify approval;

    "give the little lady a great big hand"

  13. terminal part of the forelimb in certain vertebrates (e.g. apes or kangaroos);

    "the kangaroo's forearms seem undeveloped but the powerful five-fingered hands are skilled at feinting and clouting"

  14. physical assistance;

    "give me a hand with the chores"

Verb:
  1. place into the hands or custody of;

    "hand me the spoon, please"
    "Turn the files over to me, please"
    "He turned over the prisoner to his lawyers"

  2. guide or conduct or usher somewhere;

    "hand the elderly lady into the taxi"

hand的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. It was written by hand.
    这是手写的。
  2. He has a book in one hand, and a pen in the other.
    他一手拿书,一手拿笔。
  3. Do you want a hand?
    你需要帮忙吗?
  4. He's always willing to give a hand to anyone who asks.
    任何人有求于他,他总是乐于帮助。
  5. He has a light hand with pastry.
    他很会做糕点。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Please hand me that book.
    请把那本书递给我。
  2. She helped to hand round the dishes.
    她帮忙把菜传给大家。
  3. Most of my clothes were handed down to me by my older brother.
    我的衣服大多是我哥哥传给我的。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. My left hand brushed the wall and found the doorknob.
    我的左手顺着墙摸过去就找到了门的把手。
  2. She put her hand on his shoulder and then drew it away.
    她把手放在他肩上,然后又抽了回去。
  3. Her trembling hands betrayed her nervousness to him.
    她颤抖的双手向他表明了她的紧张不安。
  4. They bound the boy's hands.
    他们捆住了小孩的手。
  5. When the Madam was carried away with the music of the opera, a thief's hand was getting at her jewellery.
    当这夫人正陶醉在歌剧中时,一只窃贼的手正伸向她的珠宝。
  6. When the pilot reached hospital, it was found that tissue had been burnt away from his face and hands.
    当那个飞行员被送到医院时,人们发现他脸上和双手的组织都烧坏了。
  7. We elected the captain of our football team by a show of hands.
    我们举手选举我们的足球队长。
  8. God has equipped man with two hands, which play an important role in his work.
    上帝给人配备了在工作中发挥重要作用的两只手。
  9. His hot pancakes are delicious, you buy them straight from the kitchen to eat in your hands.
    他卖的热煎饼味道真好,你直接从厨房里买来用手拿着吃。
  10. The dish was made of silver, beaten out by hand.
    这盘子是银制的,是手工打造的。
  11. He balanced the two rocks in his hands.
    他用手掂两块石头的分量。
  12. The robber bore down on the old woman with a knife in his hand.
    强盗手持刀子向老妇人逼近。
  13. He is generally acknowledged to have the finest collection of Dutch paintings in private hands.
    人们普遍认为他所珍藏的荷兰绘画作品是私人收藏家手中最为精美的。
  14. In his sleep he let the book fall out of his hand.
    他睡着时书从手中掉了下来。
  15. The hour hand is smaller than the minute hand.
    时针比分针短。
  16. The two hands on my watch are broken.
    在我的手表上有两个指针断了。
  17. She was at his right hand.
    她在他的右边。
  18. We are short of hands.
    我们缺少人手。
  19. Our hands are on strike.
    我们的工人都罢工了。
  20. Their factory has taken on 150 extra hands.
    他们厂已经额外雇用了150名工人。
  21. You can hardly fancy what a capital hand she is at embroidery.
    你简直不能想象她是一个多么出色的绣花能手。
  22. The artist's work showed a master's hand.
    那位艺术家的作品显示了名家的高超技艺。
  23. I'm a bad hand at making cakes.
    我做蛋糕不内行。
  24. He is a poor hand at figures.
    他不善于计算。
  25. I'm not much of a hand at painting.
    我不擅长绘画。
  26. He writes a good hand.
    他写得一手好字。
  27. You had better practise your hand.
    你最好练习书法。
  28. He glanced at the envelope and recognized Eade's hand.
    他看了看信封,认出是伊德的笔迹。
  29. Does your hand slope forward or backward?
    你写的字向前斜还是向后斜?
  30. Apply in your own hand.
    请亲笔书写申请。
  31. Please excuse my bad hand.
    对不起,我写得不好。
  32. He helps poor people with a free hand.
    他慷慨地帮助穷人。
  33. Do you think you can do with a helping hand?
    你认为你需要帮手吗?
  34. She did the work with a heavy hand.
    她笨拙地从事着这项工作。
  35. The new leader carried out reforms with a bold hand.
    新来的领导大胆地进行改革。
  36. He is a good hand with a gun.
    他是个射击能手。
  37. The hand gradually faded.
    掌声渐渐停息。
  38. The army went forth amid great cheering and hand.
    军队在热烈的欢呼与掌声中行进。
  39. The comedian's joke elicited hand and laughter from the audience.
    那位滑稽演员的笑话博得观众的掌声和笑声。
  40. It was given out that the strikers had decided to return to work, and place their dispute in the hands of their union.
    据宣布:罢工者已决定复工,并决定将其争端交与他们的工会。
  41. You're allowed a small case as hand luggage.
    你可以带一只小箱子作手提行李。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. A doctor and a nurse are handing my father from the ambulance.
    一个医生和护士把我父亲从救护车上扶下来。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. She handed me the timetable.
    她把时刻表递给了我。
  2. Hand me that book, please.
    请把那本书递给我。
  3. She handed him the list of names.
    她把那张名单交给他。
  4. Hand me the tools, please.
    请把工具递给我。
  5. With the words he handed Professor Wang a tube.
    说着他交给王教授一个试管。
  6. As soon as I came out he handed me a bottle of salted water.
    我一出来,他就拿给我一瓶盐水。
  7. Hand me two eggs.
    给我拿两个鸡蛋。
  8. He handed each of them a shilling.
    他给了每人一个先令。
  9. It handed them a laugh.
    这弄得他们大笑。
  10. 1
  11. We were handed tickets at the entrance.
    在入口处有人把票给了我们。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. Please hand my book to me.
    请把我的书递给我。
  2. He handed the papers to the headmaster.
    他把文件交给校长了。
  3. He handed a letter to me when I went into the room.
    我进屋时他递给我一封信。
  4. He penciled the number on a card and handed it to me.
    他用铅笔把号码写在一张卡片上交给了我。
  5. 1
  6. It was handed to me yesterday.
    这东西是昨天交给我的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adv.
  1. He hands the old granny upstairs and downstairs every day.
    他每天扶那位老大娘上下楼。
  2. He handed the business over to me.
    他把业务(的处理权)转交给我。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a willing hand
    对工作不挑剔的人 a man who expresses satisfaction
an iron hand
    铁腕人物 a man who controls the country
ask for a (lady's) hand
    向女人求婚 ask for sb as wife
at hand
    在手边,在附近,即将来临 near in time or place
at first hand
    直接地,第一手地 by direct personal experience, or that another person
at second hand
    间接地 indirectly
bind hand and foot
    捆住手脚,使受束缚 bind both the hands and feet of sb; make sb unable to do anything
    bind sb hand and foot

    Such a slogan will bind us hand and foot.

    这个口号会约束我们的手脚。

    If he signs that paper, he will be bound hand and foot.

    如果他签署那份文件,他就会受到束缚。

bring up by hand
    用奶瓶喂大 feed an animal that has no mother so that it can live and grow
    bring sb ⇔ up by hand

    The lamb had to be brought up by hand.

    这只小羊羔得靠人工喂养。

by hand
    用手;亲自 using one's hand; in person
change hands
    转手 go from the possession of one person to that of another
come to hand
    到手; 收到 be received or obtained
deal with from a weak hand
    做得不得力 not do well on sth
    deal with sth from a weak hand

    Although he apparently has Moscow's back,Kenya is dealing with it from a very weak hand.

    尽管得到莫斯科支持这一点是清楚的,可是肯尼亚在对付这个问题时仍然很手软。

dirty one's hands
    败坏自己的人格 lower or hurt one's character or good name
don't know what to do with one's hands
    手足无措 be seized with panic
eat out of one's hand
    〈非正〉服服帖帖; 不给人惹麻烦 believe or obey sb without question; give sb no trouble
fight hand to hand
    短兵相接,打肉搏战 fight with enemies very near
fling up one's hands
    失去一切希望 lose all hopes
fold one's hands
    双臂在胸前合抱 bring one's arms together and cross them over one's chest
force sb's hand
    迫使(某人)做不愿做的事 force sb to do what he dislikes to
get the upper hand (of)
    压倒,制服 get control of power over sb/sth difficult
give sb a free hand
    让某人放手干 allow sb to do things in his or her own way
give one's hand to
    与…结婚 marry
grab sb's hand
    抓住某人的手 catch sb by the hand
grasp sb's hands
    握着某人的手 shake sb's hands
hand in glove
    亲密地 very close or friendly
hand in hand
    手拉手; 密切合作 closely connected; accompanying each other
hand over fist
    大量而快速地 of making or losing money in great quantity and at great speed
have a hand in
    参与,有关系 join in; have a relation with sth
have one's hands full
    非常忙 be fully occupied; be very busy
have the game in one's hands
    有必胜的把握 be sure of success
hold one's hand
    不忍心 be not hardhearted
hold sb's hand
    帮助某人 help sb
in hand
    在手中,有关系 having a connection
in one's own hands
    在某人自己手中 control sth oneself
join hands with
    与…携手合作; 显示出与…的友谊 make a show of friendship with sb such as another nation
lay one's hands on
    动手打人 hit sb by hand
lend a hand
    〈口〉帮助,援助 help; assist
    lend a hand

    If we all lend a hand, it shouldn't take us long to get the job done.

    如果我们都来帮忙,那么我们很快就能把工作做完。

    All the packing has to be done; perhaps you'll lend a hand?

    所有这些行李都要打包,也许你能帮一下忙吧?

    Lend a hand in carrying these chairs indoors, please.

    请帮我把这些椅子拿到屋里去。

    They all lend a hand, and between them the thing is done.

    他们每人都帮把手,事情就干完了。

    We mustn't stand idly by without lending a hand.

    我们不能袖手旁观,一点忙都不帮。

    lend sb a hand

    Lend me a hand to shift this piano, will you?

    你能帮我搬一下这架钢琴吗?

    Could you lend me a hand with these parcels?

    你能帮助我弄一下这些包裹吗?

    He lent me a hand with the heavy boxes.

    他帮我抬这些重箱子。

    It will take me hours to check all these figures; I wish somebody would lend me a hand with them.

    检查这些数字得花我几个小时; 希望有人帮帮忙就好了。

    We got through the job sooner than we had expected, as we were lent a hand by a couple of boy scouts.

    我们做完这项工作比我们料想的要快,因为两个童子军帮了忙。

live from hand to mouth
    挣一点吃一点; 仅够糊口 live without saving for the future; have just enough
many hands make light work
    人多好办事 many people do thing that everyone is light
on every hand
    从各个方面 on all hand
on hand
    在手边,在附近; 在场 near in time or place; at present
on the other hand
    另一方面 as one point in the argument
out of hand
    终于 in the end
out of sb's hand
    不再由某人负责掌握 sb doesn't charge again
play into sb's hands
    助人损己; 给人可乘之机 do sth which gives one's opponents an advantage; be or do sth that another person can use against you; help an opponent against yourself
play one's hand
    耍手腕 trick
poke one's hand
    伸手 dig one's hand into
press sb's hand
    握手shake hands with sb
put one's hand to
    着手做; 开始做 start working at; try to do
raise a/one's hand to
    体罚,打人be physically threaten
raise one's hand
    举手 lift hand
reach one's hand across
    把手伸过… stretch out a hand across sth
reach out a/one's hand
    伸出手 stretch forward a hand
remove one's hand from
    把手从…拿开 take hand away from sth
request sb's hand in marriage
    向某人求婚ask for a lady's hand
rest on one of one's hands
    支撑在一只手上 lean on one of one's hands; be supported by one of one's hands
rub one's hands
    搓手 move one hand backwards and forwards on the other hand
rule with a firm hand
    用铁的手腕来统治或管理 govern sth such as a group in a very severe way
set one's own hand to
    亲手处理 do sth oneself
shake hands with
    和…握手 grasp sb's hands
sit on one's hands
    拒绝工作 refuse to work
take in hand
    把…管起来 put sb/sth under control
    take sb/sth in hand

    When the Export Department began to fail,Mr. Smith took it in hand and made a success of it.

    当商品出口部不景气的时候,史密斯先生接管了,他取得了成功。

try one's hand at
    试图去做 try to do sth
turn one's hand to
    着手做; 开始做 start working at; try to do
wait on sb's hand and foot
    伺候(某人) serve sb
wash one's hands of
    退出,不过问 withdraw from or refuse to be responsible for
win hands down
    轻易地获得 win easily
用作动词 (v.)
hand back (v.+adv.)
    交还 return; give back
    hand sth ⇔ back

    Hand it back when through.

    用完就还。

    Please remember to hand back your room key before leaving the hotel.

    请记住在离开旅馆之前交还你的房间钥匙。

    The ticket was handed back to the passenger.

    票还给旅客了。

    Examination papers will be handed back after the marks have been officially recorded.

    成绩正式登记在册之后将把考卷发还。

hand down (v.+adv.)
    正式宣布,正式宣判 deliver; pronounce formally
    hand sth ⇔ down

    Please hand down the large dish from the top shelf.

    请把那只大盘子从架子顶层递下来。

    hand sth ⇔ down

    That folk song has been handed down through generations.

    那首民谣已传了几代了。

    These customs have been handed down through the ages.

    这些风俗是世世代代传下来的。

    It has been handed down by generations of peasants.

    它是农民世世代代传下来的。

    This necklace has been handed down in my family.

    这串项链是我家祖上传下来的。

    He passed on to us all the skill that had been handed down in his family.

    他把他家传的技术全部教给了我们。

    hand ⇔ sth down to sb/sth

    Our fathers handed down these customs to us.

    我们的父辈把这些习俗传给了我们。

    Our ancestors have handed a rich national culture down to us.

    我们的祖先给我们留下了丰富多彩的民族文化。

    hand sb down to sth

    They handed Grandma Li down to the ground floor.

    他们搀扶李奶奶下楼到底层去。

    hand sth ⇔ down

    The judge handed his decision down at noon.

    法官中午下了判决。

hand in (v.+adv.)
    把…扶上车 assist to get up with the hand aboard a car
hand it to (v.+pron.+prep.)
    敬佩 respect sb
hand off (v.+adv.)
    用手推开某人 push sb away with the hand
    hand sb ⇔ off

    The player caught the ball and ran down the field, handing off any player from the other team who tried to stop him.

    那个运动员得球后向对方场地跑去,用手推开试图阻挡他的对方队员。

hand on (v.+adv.)
    传下来,传给下一代 hand down; pass down
    hand sth ⇔ on to sb

    Hand it on to others after you have read it.

    你看过后把它传给其他人。

    Hand it on to each of your classmates when through.

    看完后在班上传阅。

    In the early days, news was handed on from one person to another.

    很早的时候,消息是靠逐人传递的。

    hand sth ⇔ on

    The estate is handed on from generation to generation.

    不动产一代代地传下去。

    This ring was handed on from my great-grandmother.

    这枚戒指是我的曾祖母传下来的。

hand out (v.+adv.)
    居住 live
    hand sb out of sth

    As the lady stepped down from the carriage, the gentleman politely handed her out of the car.

    当这位女士下车时,那男士有礼貌地把她扶下车。

    hand sth ⇔ out

    The teacher is handing out the first paper—Chemistry.

    教员正在发第一份考卷——化学。

    The teacher was handing the examination-papers out when a telephone call was for her.

    老师正发试卷时,打来了一个电话找她。

    She helps hand out the pamphlets in the street.

    她帮着在街上散发小册子。

    They handed out leaflets in the streets.

    他们在街上散发了传单。

    Text and worksheets are handed out, and students are asked to read the questions given before reading the article.

    读文章以前把课文和作业纸发给了学生,并要求他们读所给的问题。

    hand sth ⇔ out to sb

    The teacher handed the new books out to his students.

    老师把新书发给他的学生。

    We shall hand out these written statements to the reporters.

    我们将把这些书面声明发给记者。

    hand sth ⇔ out to sb

    Mrs. White likes to hand out advice to the young people, whether they want it or not.

    怀特女士喜欢给年轻人提出劝告,不管人家爱不爱听。

    The police handed out punishment to those who stole bicycles.

    对于偷窃自行车的人,警方给予惩罚。

    hand sth ⇔ out

    He handed out the goods and his children took them away.

    他取出货物,他的孩子们把这些货物拿走。

    I'll stay by the car and hand the boxes out to you, so that you can carry them into the house.

    我将站在车边把箱子卸下来交给你,以便你把它们搬进屋里。

    hand out

    The besieged garrison managed to hand out for ten days, after which their supplies became exhausted.

    被围困的驻军设法坚持了十天,后来他们的给养完全耗尽了。

    hand out

    This is your friend John, is it?And where does he hand out?

    这是你的朋友约翰,是吧?他住在哪里?

hand over (v.+adv.)
    让予,移交 give control or possession of; give sth to another person; transfer power, control, responsibility. etc.
hand round〔around〕 (v.+adv.)
    把…递给; 分发给众人 distribute among a gathering
hand up (v.+adv.)
    上交,呈交 deliver up
    hand sth ⇔ up

    Hand the paintbrush up to Father on the ladder.

    父亲在梯子上,把油漆刷子递给他。

    hand sb ⇔ up

    I shall need you to hand me up on this difficult slope.

    我需你扶我上这个陡坡。

    hand sth ⇔ up

    He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.

    他把起诉书送交最高法院。

    Your request will be handed up to the board of directors.

    你的要求将被提交给董事会。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • She started to count off the fingers of her left hand.

    出自: V. S. Naipaul
  • The hand he gave to Jeremy was disagreeably sweaty.

    出自: Aldous Huxley
  • His hands palm-upwards on its grained surface.

    出自: M. Amis
  • If you can command these elements to silence,..we will not hand a rope more.

    出自:Tempest , Shakespeare

hand的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. hand用作名词时基本意思是“手”,指手掌及五指,是可数名词。引申可指“(钟表等的)指针”“人手,员工”“帮助,援助”“字迹,书法”“有手艺〔技能〕的人”“鼓掌,拍手”“掌握,控制”等。
  2. hand用在“with+ adj. ”短语后,往往可将具体意义转化为抽象意义。
  3. hand在句中可用作定语。
  4. 表示“与某人握手”时,用shake hands with sb,此时hand用复数。
v. (动词)
  1. hand用作名词时意思是“手”,转化为动词则表示“交付”“递”“传递”,多指一样物品由一人交至另一人手中。有时也表示“搀扶”。
  2. hand是及物动词,作“搀扶”解时接名词或代词作宾语;作“传递”解时多接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词to的宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. hand可接副词充当宾语补足语。
  1. at hand,by hand,in hand,on hand,to hand,at one's hands,in one's hands同(up)on one's hands几种表达方式的比较:at hand一般表示“近在手边”,但在美国的商业信件中表示“收到”。 by hand表示“用手”,如made by hand表示“手工做成的”。in hand表示“在所有中的,进行中的或控制中的”,在英国的商业信件中表示“收到”。on hand在英美两国都表示“在所有中的或有待处理的”,在美国还可表示“在场的”。at one's hands表示“受某人的的动作的影响地”,in one's hands表示“受某人的管理,保存或控制的”。(up)on one's hands表示“受某人的照顾或处理”。

    The holidays are at hand.
    假期近在手边。

    Your letter is at hand.
    你的信收到了。

    Jack has only a little money in hand.
    杰克手中只有一点钱。

    Your letter is to hand.
    你的信收到了。

    Jack has only a little money on hand.
    他手上有个任务待处理。

    There was a foreigner on hand at the time of the accident.
    当事故发生时,有个外国人在场。

    She received something at his hands.
    受他的影响,她收到了些东西。

    The child is in my hands.
    孩子们受我的控制。

    I have a family (up)on my hands.
    我有个家庭需要我来照顾。

  2. hand后可接双宾语,在商业信件中常表示“寄或送”。

    He handed me his book.
    他给我他的书。

    I have pleasure in handing you the enclosed cheque.
    我很乐意将附带的支票寄给你。

  3. give/lend sb a hand表示“帮助某人”,而with one's hand表示“亲手……”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
at hand, by hand, in hand, on hand, to hand
  • 这组短语意思并不相同。其区别在于:
  • 1.by hand表示“用手”“亲自”。例如:
  • Are your socks knitted by hand or machine-made?你的袜子是手工织的还是机器织的?
  • 2.to hand为商业信札里的用语,表示“(信)已收到”。例如:
  • Yours to hand.来函收悉。
  • Your letter is to hand.来函收悉。
  • 3.in hand多用于引申义,可表示“(局势)在控制中”“(工作)在进行中”,也可表示“(钱、物、时间)在手中”,即可供使用。例如:
  • The situation is now in hand.局势现在控制住了。
  • The printers say that Tom's book is now in hand and will be ready by the beginning of next month.印刷厂说,汤姆的书目前正在印刷,下月初可以印完。
  • 4.at hand可用于空间指“在手边”“在附近”,也可用于时间指“即将来临”,多与系动词be的一般时态连用。例如:
  • I couldn't look up the spelling of the word, as I hadn't a dictionary at hand.我没法查这个词的拼写,因为我手边没有词典。
  • He lives close at hand.他住在近处。
  • The great day is at hand.这个伟大的日子就要到来。
  • 5.on hand可用于空间指“在手边”“在附近”,也可用于时间指“即将来临”,须用于将来时, on hand可引申表示“出席”“在场”。例如:
  • I always like to keep a certain amount of money on hand, in case of an emergency.我总喜欢手边留一定量的钱,以备不时之需。
  • at sb's hands, in sb's hands, on sb's hands
  • 这组短语含义并不相同。其区别在于:
  • 1.at sb's hands表示“受折磨”。例如:
  • The captive suffered much harsh treatment at his jailers hands.那个犯人受到狱卒许多残酷的折磨。
  • I did not expect such unkind treatment at your hands.我没料到你会如此无情。
  • 2.in sb's hands表示“在某人手中”“由某人处理”。例如:
  • The documents are in my solicitor's hands.文件由我的律师保管。
  • The matter is in your hands.这事要由你决定。
  • As regards the next move,I am in your hands entirely.关于下一步我完全听你的。
  • 3.on sb's hands表示“由某人负责”。例如:
  • I have an empty house on my hands.有一所空房子要我照管。
  • I don't know how Mrs. Jones manages with three growing children and an invalid husband on her hands.琼斯夫人有三个未成年的孩子和一个残废的丈夫要照看,我不知道她怎么应付得了。
  • with a heavy hand, with a high hand, with a strong hand
  • 这组短语的意思并不相同。其区别在于:with a high hand的意思是“专横的”; with a strong hand的意思是“用高压手段”; with a heavy hand的意思是“滥用一气”。例如:
  • Well,I don't like him; he deals with everything with a high hand.是嘛,我不喜欢他,他做起事来总是专横。
  • These bosses used to put the strike down with a strong hand.这些老板以往总是用高压手段来压制罢工。
  • We are very short of water, so don't use it with a heavy hand as you usually do.我们用水短缺,因此不能像平时那样滥用一气。
  • with open hands, with open arms
  • with open arms的意思是“热情地”, with open hands则是“花钱大手大脚地”的意思。例如:
  • We welcomed these foreign guests with open arms.我们热情地欢迎这些外宾。
  • Susan spends her money with open hands.苏珊花钱大手大脚。
  • lift a hand, lift one's hand
  • 这两个短语的意思并不相同。其区别在于:lift a hand意思是“举手之劳”; 而lift one's hand意思是“举手”。例如:
  • Please lift a hand to turn it over.请费心把它翻一下。
  • The prisoner lifted his hand and pleaded not guilty.这个犯人举手来诉说自己无罪。
  • hand on, on hand
  • 这两个短语结构相同,词序不同,含义用法也不同。前者意为“传递”,是“ v.+adv. ”型短语动词,其后接传递的东西作宾语,再加to引出传给的对象。后者是“ prep.+n. ”型短语,作“在手头”解时在句中常用作状语,而作“在场”解时常用作表语。例如:
  • Please hand on the magazine to Sybil. 请把这杂志传给西比尔。
  • I have a great deal of important work on hand.我手头有许多重要的工作要做。
  • Please be on hand at 11 sharp.请在11点整到这里来。
  • hand in, in hand
  • 这两个短语结构相同,词序不同,含义用法也不同,前者意为“上交”,是“ v.+adv. ”型短语动词,其后接上交的东西作宾语。后者是“ prep.+n. ”型短语,作“在手头”解时在句中常用作状语。例如:
  • Each student has to hand in a composition.每个学生都要交一篇作文。
  • I still have some money in hand.我手头还有些钱。
  • lay a hand on, lay hands on
  • 这两个短语的共同意思是“打人”,都是口头用语,常用于否定句和疑问句中,其区别在于:
  • 1.lay a hand on指“打一下”,而lay hands on则起码“打两下或两下以上”。试比较:
  • Nobody has laid a hand on me yet.
  • 至今还没人打过我一下。
  • Nobody has laid hands on me yet.
  • 至今还没人打过我。
  • 2.lay hands on还可表示“找到”“弄到”,而lay a hand on无此义。
  • 下面句子中短语的意思相同:
  • Well,I should give my hand on the bargain.
  • 好吧,我就答应你出的价钱。
  • The young lady has given her hand to his request.
  • 这位年轻的姑娘已经同意他的求婚请 求了。
  • 下面句子中短语的意思不同。试比较:
  • Your letter has come to hand.
  • 你的来信我收到了。
  • The key I lost this morning has come to my hand.
  • 我今天早晨丢的钥匙已经找到了。
  • 下面句子中短语的意思相反。试比较:
  • Master Lu is an old hand in our factory.
  • 我们厂里陆师傅是个老手。
  • Mr. Wu is a green hand.
  • 吴先生是个新手。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      我的每只手都可以举起这块石头。

      My every hand can lift the stone.

      Each of my hands can lift the stone.

      hand 作名词指一个人的手时,不可用every, none, any, all 作限定词。

      庆祝的日子临近了。

      The day of celebration is in hand.

      The day of celebration is at hand.

      短语at hand意思是“在手边,在眼前”; in hand意为“在手里”。

      我抓住他的手。

      I grabbed him by hand.

      I grabbed him by the hand.

      在表示“抓住某人的手”时, hand前要用定冠词the。

      他很聪明,但在另一方面,他又犯了许多错误。

      He is clever, but in the other hand, he makes many mistakes.

      He is clever, but on the other hand, he makes many mistakes.

      on the other hand是固定短语,表示“另一方面”,其中介词on不可换为in。

      昨天谈到的每件事都跟我们决定要做的事情有直接关系。

      Everything that was said yesterday bears in first hand on what we decide to do.

      Everything that was said yesterday bears at first hand on what we decide to do.

      at first hand为固定短语,意思是“直接地”,其中介词at不可换为in。

      他把手伸到衣兜里摸,试图找到那把钥匙。

      He dived the hand into his pocket in an attempt to find the key.

      He dived his hand into his pocket in an attempt to find the key.

      hand用作动词的宾语时,其前须用物主代词而不用定冠词。

      在我们厂里伍德先生是个新手。

      Mr. Wood is a young hand in our factory.

      Mr. Wood is a green hand in our factory.

      a green hand为固定短语,意思是“生手”“新手”。

      那男孩双手抱着孩子。

      The boy carried a baby in his hands.

      The boy carried a baby in his arms.

      The boy held a baby in his arms.

      在表示“双手抱着孩子”时,不能用hand,而应用arm,因为arm一词指“肩膀至手掌部位”。

    v. (动词)
      在车站入口处,他把票递给了检票员。

      He handed the ticket-collector for his ticket at the entrance of the station.

      He handed the ticket-collector his ticket at the entrance of the station.

      He handed his ticket to the ticket-collector at the entrance of the station.

      hand接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词to而不是for的宾语。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的hond;最初源自原始日耳曼语的khanduz,意为手,控制。
    今日热词
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