charge

  基本词汇  
[tʃɑːdʒ]     [tʃɑːrdʒ]    
  • n.责任;电荷;指控;费用;照顾
  • vi.要价;充电;向前冲,冲锋;记在账上
  • vt.控诉;赊帐;给…充电;委以重任;归罪于;装填(炸药等)
charged charged charging charges
new

charge是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 责任
  2. 指责
  3. 炸药量,炸药
  4. 掌管
  5. 电荷;充电
  6. 控告,指控
  7. 任务
  8. 照顾;被照顾的人
  9. 蕴藏
  10. 冲锋,突然猛攻(号)
  11. 命令,指示
  12. 费用,价钱,索价
  13. <美俚> 快感,刺激;性兴奋
  14. <美俚> 一服(或一针) 麻醉药;大麻烟卷
v.(动词)
  1. 指责,谴责
  2. 收费,索价, 对…索费
  3. 充电
  4. 控告,指控,起诉
  5. 进攻
  6. 课(税)
  7. 把…记入帐册,赊购
  8. 向…冲去,袭击,冲锋
  9. 指示,责令
  10. 使承担责任,委以责任
  11. 装弹于(枪、炮)
  12. <旧>倒酒于(杯子)
  13. 使充满(…情绪),注满(玻璃杯)

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 命令,委托 instruct or command; give as a duty or responsibility
  2. vt. & vi. 收费,要价 ask a account as a price
  3. vt. 控告 accuse sb of sth formally in a court of a law
  4. vi. & vt. 进攻 run forward and attack
n.(名词)
  1. [C]指责,指控,控告 claim that a person has done wrong, especially a formal claim that he has committed a crime; accusation
  2. [C]猛攻 rushing violent attack by soldiers, wild animals, footballers, etc.
  3. [C]费用 price asked for goods or services
  4. [U]掌管,照管 responsible possession; care
  5. [C]指示,命令 instructions; directions

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
charge : 电荷 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : (纹章)纹 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 指控, 控告 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 徒手防卫姿 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 收费,课税 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 要价 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 费用 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 充电 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 充电 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 填充气体; ...
在 《外教社材料学英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 费用,抵押 ...
charge : 收费 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 充电;装药 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 费用, 主管 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 收费 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
charge : 充电 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an impetuous rush toward someone or something;

    "the wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary"
    "the battle began with a cavalry charge"

  2. (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense;

    "he was arrested on a charge of larceny"

  3. the price charged for some article or service;

    "the admission charge"

  4. the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons;

    "the battery needed a fresh charge"

  5. attention and management implying responsibility for safety;

    "he is in the care of a bodyguard"

  6. a special assignment that is given to a person or group;

    "a confidential mission to London"
    "his charge was deliver a message"

  7. a person committed to your care;

    "the teacher led her charges across the street"

  8. financial liabilities (such as a tax);

    "the charges against the estate"

  9. (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object;

    "Freud thought of cathexis as a psychic analog of an electrical charge"

  10. the swift release of a store of affective force;

    "they got a great bang out of it"
    "what a boot!"
    "he got a quick rush from injecting heroin"
    "he does it for kicks"

  11. request for payment of a debt;

    "they submitted their charges at the end of each month"

  12. a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something;

    "the judge's charge to the jury"

  13. an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence;

    "the newspaper published charges that Jones was guilty of drunken driving"

  14. heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield

  15. a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time;

    "this cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains"

Verb:
  1. to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle;

    "he saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork"

  2. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against;

    "he charged the director with indifference"

  3. demand payment;

    "Will I get charged for this service?"
    "We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed only 3 nights"

  4. move quickly and violently;

    "The car tore down the street"
    "He came charging into my office"

  5. assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to;

    "He was appointed deputy manager"
    "She was charged with supervising the creation of a concordance"

  6. file a formal charge against;

    "The suspect was charged with murdering his wife"

  7. make an accusatory claim;

    "The defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased"

  8. fill or load to capacity;

    "charge the wagon with hay"

  9. enter a certain amount as a charge;

    "he charged me $15"

  10. cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution;

    "After the second episode, she had to be committed"
    "he was committed to prison"

  11. give over to another for care or safekeeping;

    "consign your baggage"

  12. pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt;

    "Will you pay cash or charge the purchase?"

  13. lie down on command, of hunting dogs

  14. cause to be agitated, excited, or roused;

    "The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks"

  15. place a heraldic bearing on;

    "charge all weapons, shields, and banners"

  16. provide (a device) with something necessary;

    "He loaded his gun carefully"
    "load the camera"

  17. direct into a position for use;

    "point a gun"
    "He charged his weapon at me"

  18. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to;

    "He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"

  19. instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence

  20. instruct or command with authority;

    "The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem"

  21. attribute responsibility to;

    "We blamed the accident on her"
    "The tragedy was charged to her inexperience"

  22. set or ask for a certain price;

    "How much do you charge for lunch?"
    "This fellow charges $100 for a massage"

  23. cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on;

    "charge a conductor"

  24. energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge;

    "I need to charge my car battery"

  25. saturate;

    "The room was charged with tension and anxiety"

charge的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. As group leader, you should take charge.
    你身为组长, 应当负起责任来。
  2. He was arrested on a charge of armed robbery.
    他被指控犯武装抢劫罪而遭逮捕。
  3. Rub the leather and the rubber will produce the charge.
    摩擦皮毛和橡胶会产生电荷。
  4. He was arrested on a charge of armed robbery.
    他被指控犯武装抢劫罪而遭逮捕。
  5. The extra charge is for the water bed.
    超额费用是因为有水床。
  6. The nurse is in charge of the patients.
    这位护士负责照顾这些病人。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. How much do you charge per unit?
    你们每件要价多少呢?
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Please charge these bills to my account.
    请把这些帐单记在我的账上。
  2. He forgot to charge the battery.
    他忘记给电池充电了。
  3. She was charged with an important mission.
    她被委以重任。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The troops charged and retreated and charged again.
    这军队冲上去,退下来,又冲上去。
  2. We charged and the enemy's front line fell back.
    我们一冲锋,敌人的阵线就后退了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I am going to charge a new dress, and pay for it at the end of the month.
    我要去买一件新衣服,记在账上,月底付款。
  2. The cavalry charged the hostile fort.
    骑兵冲向敌堡。
  3. Charge your glass and drink to his health.
    把你的酒杯斟满,为他的健康干杯。
S+~+that-clause
  1. She charged that he had stolen her car.
    她控告他偷了她的车。
  2. All the staff-members charged that the earned incomes were not distributed upon the principle of equality.
    所有员工都控诉工资分配不公平。
  3. The king charged that his minister had disobeyed instructions.
    国王指控他的部长大臣不听他的命令。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. When I used his telephone, he charged me nothing.
    我用他的电话时,他没有收费。
  2. The bank charged me 25% interest on the loan.
    银行对这笔贷款收取我25%的利息。
  3. They charge the wine importers a heavy tax.
    他们向葡萄酒进口商课以重税。
  4. ABC charged advertisers 235,000 dollars a minute.
    美国广播公司向做广告的人每分钟收取235000美元的巨额广告费。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. He charged me to send the letter.
    他要我去寄信。
  2. I charged her to take my books.
    我责令她拿走我的书。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. On what charges do you arrest him?
    你指控什么来逮捕他呢?
  2. She was expelled from the company on a charge that she had committed shoplifting.
    她被开除,因为她有偷盗的行为。
  3. They convicted him of a charge of forgery.
    他们定他犯有伪造罪。
  4. He freed himself of the charge of stealing.
    他澄清了这一偷盗的指控。
  5. He was arrested on a charge of having infringed the law.
    有人控告他违法,他被捕了。
  6. He was tried on a charge of murder.
    他被指控谋杀而受审。
  7. Smith was arrested on the charge of theft.
    史密斯因偷盗而被抓。
  8. These youngsters were arrested on the charge of robbery.
    这些年轻人因抢劫而被捕。
  9. The troops mounted one charge after the other.
    部队发起了一次又一次冲锋。
  10. The charge was repulsed.
    冲锋被击退了。
  11. He was at the head of his platoon in every charge.
    在排里,每次冲锋他都一马当先。
  12. He ducked to evade the beast's desperate charge.
    他迅速低下身子,躲闪那猛兽的拼死攻击。
  13. Doctors and nurses have charge of sick people.
    医生和护士照顾病人。
  14. He assumed full charge of the business of the company.
    他全权主管该公司的业务。
  15. The company used to be in his direct charge.
    该公司过去由他直接管理。
  16. In many countries people get medical treatment free of charge.
    在许多国家人们享受免费医疗。
  17. Gasoline can be obtained on a reasonable charge.
    汽油可以用合理的价钱购得。
  18. The charges for electricity and gas will be increased next year.
    明年的电费和煤气费要上涨。
  19. She hadn't got the coins for the phone box, so she had to reverse the charges.
    她在公用电话亭打电话没有带硬币,所以只好叫对方付费。
  20. He got this book free of charge.
    他免费得到这本书。
  21. They made me bear all travelling charges.
    他们要我负担全部的旅费。
  22. The charge for board and lodging at that hotel is quite reasonable.
    这家旅馆的食宿相当合理。
  23. The corporation should pay for my hotel charges.
    公司应支付我的旅馆费用。
  24. What is the charge for a day at that fashionable London Hotel?
    那家伦敦的高级旅馆每天收费多少?
  25. An additional charge is made for heavy bags.
    重的提袋需另加费用。
  26. Each passenger is allowed 30 pounds of luggage free of charge.
    每个旅客可以免费携带行李30磅。
  27. An electron has a negative charge, a proton has a positive charge.
    电子带负电荷,质子带正电荷。
  28. Once inside the Oval Office,Teng seemed completely comfortable and confident and very much in charge, according to an eyewitness.
    据目击者说,邓一走进白宫椭圆形办公室以后,就显得十分轻松、自信,泰然自若。
  29. I accepted my mother's charge to take good care of my baby sister.
    我接受了母亲要我照看小妹妹的任务。
  30. The nurse was given charge over the probationers.
    那位护士被授权管理实习护士。
  31. My uncle gave me charge of his old house in the country.
    我叔叔委托我照管他乡下的房子。
  32. Some trees and flowers are to be planted in the garden, and I was looking for someone to put in charge.
    花园里需要种些花草树木,我早就想找人来负责这件事。
  33. Some new houses are to be built, and they were looking for someone to put in charge.
    需要盖一批新房子,他们早就想找人来负责这项工作了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
charge against (v.+prep.)
  1. 控告 accuse

    He charged murder against the man. 他指控那人犯有谋杀罪。

  2. 归咎于 blame sth on sb

    They charged the accident against me. 他们把这意外事件归咎于我。

charge at (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…袭击; 扑向 make a headlong attack toward charge at sb

    You should have seen me run when that wolf charged at me!那只狼朝我扑来时,你应该看见我跑开!

    The player charged at his opponent, making him drop the ball.那个运动员朝对手冲去,使他扔下了球。

    The wounded lion suddenly charged at me.受伤的狮子突然向我冲了过来。

charge down (v.+adv.)
  1. 冲上前; 往下冲 rush forward or down charge down

    When Mother returned from the hospital, the children charged down to meet her.母亲出院回来时,孩子们跑上前迎接她。

    charge down on sb

    The cavalry charged down on the defenceless villagers.骑兵向手无寸铁的村民们冲了过去。

  2. 〈主美〉把…记账 record sth to one's debt charge sth ⇔ down

    Charge the goods down to my account.把这些货记在我的账上。

charge for (v.+prep.)
  1. 要价,收费 ask for payment charge for sth

    Do you charge for the use of the telephone?打电话收费吗?

    Plumbers charge by the hour for their work.管子工的工作是以小时收费的。

    Hotels charge for services.旅馆收服务费。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Is entrance charged for?入场要收费吗?

    charge sb/sth for sb/sth

    What do you charge for a bottle of brandy?白兰地酒多少钱一瓶?

    Did he charge anything for the use of the copy machine?用他的复印机,他收费没有?

    We don't charge anything for that.对这我们不收任何费用。

    The hotel charges thirty-five dollars a day for this room.旅馆对这种房间定为一天35美元。

    The airline charges half-price for students.这家航空公司给学生以半价优惠。

    They charged Brown for that broken window.他们要布朗赔偿他破坏玻璃窗的钱。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I've been charged too much for these vegetables.我买这些蔬菜,被索价太高了。

    He was charged heavily for it.他为此支付了一大笔钱。

    charge sth for v-ing

    I don't know how much they charge for washing a car.我不知道他们冲洗一部汽车要多少钱。

    How much do you charge for mending a pair of shoes?补一双鞋要多少钱?

    charge sb sth for v-ing

    She charged me two dollars for fixing my watch.她要我付两美元修理手表费。

    He charged me three yuan for taking my bag to the station.他把我的行李包送到车站,收费3元。

    How much will you charge me for repairing my bike?修一下自行车要多少钱?

charge into (v.+prep.)
  1. 冲进; 撞上 rush into a room, object, etc. charge into sth

    I charged into a doorpost and hurt my head.我一下撞到门框上,头撞破了。

    The children charged into the house to greet their grandmother.孩子们跑进房里去问候他们的奶奶。

    In the enemy confusion our fighters charged into the block-houses.趁敌人混乱之际,我军战士冲进敌堡。

    They took off their padded coats and charged into the tunnel, armed with crowbars and dynamite.他们脱掉了棉衣,手持铁锹和炸药,冲进了隧洞。

charge off (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 charge off通常不用于进行体。
  2. 〈美〉把…作为损耗处理 write off as an expense or loss charge sth ⇔ off

    The firm had to charge off the debt as hopeless.公司只得把那笔没希望要回的债务注销。

    The store owner charged off all of the last season's stock of suits.店主把上一季度盘存的全部服装作为损耗在账上注销。

  3. 〈美·非正〉把…归因于 consider sth to be the result of sth charge sth ⇔ off to sth

    He charged off the mistake to inexperience.他把错误归咎于缺乏经验。

    The director thinks that the firm can charge off its success to his leadership.经理认为公司的成功归功于他的领导。

charge on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 归咎于 consider sth to be the result of sb charge sth on〔upon〕 sb

    They charged the accident on him.他们把那个事故归咎于他。

  2. 出一笔钱 take a sum from an amount of money charge sth on〔upon〕 sth

    Buyers charged 8% sales tax on all goods.所有货物营业税的百分之八是由买主支付的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    30% is charged on the first part of your taxable income.你收入的第一部分应该征税百分之三十。

charge out (v.+adv.)
  1. 冲出来 rush out charge out of sth

    The children charged out of school.孩子们呼啦冲出了学校。

    He charged out of the door without a word.他一句话没说跑出屋去。

    charge out into sth

    The bull charged out into the sunlight of the arena.公牛冲出来进入阳光照耀的竞技场。

charge to (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…记入 record sth to sb's debt

    Don't forget to charge the money to my account. 别忘了将这钱记到我的账上。

  2. 委托于; 归咎于 consider sth to be the result of sb

    I charge this sum to you. 我将此款托你保管。

    He charged the accident to me. 他说这事故应由我负责。

    He charged the fire to my carelessness. 他说这场火灾是因我粗心大意引起的。

    She charged her failure to self-conceit. 她把她的失败归因于自满。

    John failed to win the prize, and he charged it to his lack of experience. 约翰没能得奖,他说是因为经验不足。

    They charged the loss to his negligence. 他们将损失归咎于他的疏忽。

charge up1 (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…冲锋 move to attack charge up sth

    The enemy repeatedly charged up the mountain, attempting to knock us out.敌人反复向山上冲锋,企图消灭我们。

charge up2 (v.+adv.)
  1. 跑上来 move suddenly charge up

    The boy charged up and asked for an ice cream.这个男孩跑上来,要了一份冰淇淋。

  2. 挂账,记在…账上 credit charge sth ⇔ up

    I'll charge the expenses up.我会把这些费用挂账。

    Please charge the meal up to the company.请把这顿饭记到公司的账上。

  3. 为…充电 provide an electrical charge for charge sth ⇔ up

    The man in the garage said he would charge up my car battery.汽车修理厂的人说要给我的汽车电瓶充电。

charge with (v.+prep.)
  1. 给…装(炸药) put powder, etc. in sth

    He charged a gun with powder. 他把火药装入枪内。

    They charged the cannon with shot. 他们给大炮装上了炮弹。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The pistol is charged with bullets. 手枪装着子弹。

  2. 给…充(电) charge a battery to sth

    If we charge it with electricity, it will become magnetic. 如果充上电,它就会带有磁性。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Is it charged with electricity? 充电了吗?

    The wire is charged with electricity. 那根电线有电。

    Electrons are negatively charged with electricity , protons are positively charged. 电子是带负电荷的,质子是带正电荷的。

  3. 指控…犯有罪 accuse sb of sth

    They charged him with dishonesty. 他们指责他不诚实。

    Six days later, the police arrested him and charged him with murder. 警方六天以后将他逮捕,并指控他犯有谋杀罪。

    The police charged the prisoner with stealing the jewels. 警方指控那个囚徒偷窃珠宝。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was charged with being an absentee. 他被指控是个逃兵。

    The driver was charged with speeding. 司机被指控超速行车。

    The merchant was charged with jacking up prices and was fined. 那商人被指控哄抬物价,受到罚款处分。

    A man has been charged in connection with the murder. 这个人被指控与这起谋杀案有关。

  4. 使承担; 使担负 give as a task〔duty〕; give into sb's care

    I'll charge myself with the safe delivery of the secret information. 我来负责安全递送这个秘密情报。

    I'm charging you with cleaning the room before you go. 我要你负责把房间打扫干净再走。

    He charged himself with the task of standing guard. 他承担了警戒的任务。

    He charged her with making a new teaching plan. 他委托她制定新的教学计划。

    They charged him with the duty of looking after the warehouse. 他们交给他看守仓库的任务。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    I am charged with a message for you. 我受托将一消息告诉给你。

    How do you choose the officials who will be charged with fulfilling these duties? 你怎样选择将担负这些责任的官员呢?

  5. 充满 be filled with

    He declined to charge his memory with so many details. 他不愿在脑子里记这么多细枝末节。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The air in the room was charged with water vapour. 这房间里的空气中充满水蒸气。

    A brush is charged with black ink. 毛笔蘸满了墨汁。

    My husband is always charged with strength and power. 我的丈夫总是精力充沛。

    Her reply was charged with emotion. 她的回信充满感情。

    His poetry is charged with strength and feeling. 他的诗歌充满了力量和情感。

    The air was charged with emotion when the aging actress made her final appearance on stage. 当这位老年女演员做告别演出时,剧场内充满着热情洋溢的气氛。

    The atmosphere is charged with fury. 一片愤怒的气氛。

用作名词 (n.)
bring a charge (of sth) against
  1. 正式控告(某人) formally accuse sb of a crime, etc.

    The police brought a charge of murder against him. 警方指控他犯有谋杀罪。

charge account
  1. 赊账 an account with a shop which allows one to take goods at once and pay for them later

    My father bought a new suit on his charge account. 我父亲以记账方式买了一套新西装。

    Mr. Jones has a charge account at the garage on the corner. 琼斯先生在街道拐角处的修车厂设有记账户头。

face a charge〔charges〕
  1. 出庭回答某人的控告 be forced to appear in court accused of sth

    The woman had to face serious charges. 这位女士不得不面对指控。

    He faces three charges of murder. 他面临三项谋杀指控。

in charge of
  1. 负责 responsible for

    The teacher is in charge of the class. 这位教师负责这个班。

    I'll be in charge of the whole factory next week when the director is away. 下周厂长不在时,我将负责整个工厂。

    The cook is in charge of the kitchen helper. 这位厨师负责管理厨工。

    Pilfering has stopped entirely since they put Angus in charge of the stores. 自从他们让安格斯掌管商店以来,小偷小摸就杜绝了。

in the charge of〔in sb's charge〕
  1. 受管理 in the care of sb

    Mother puts the baby in the charge of the baby-sitter while she is out. 母亲外出时,婴儿交给临时保姆照顾。

    The ward of the hospital is in the charge of Dr. Green. 医院的这间病房由格林医生负责。

    The house has been in my charge now for more than a year. 这所房子由我负责管理已有一年多了。

take charge of
  1. 控制,掌管,承担责任 take control of sth; become responsible for sth

    The department was badly organized until she took charge of it. 这个部门在她负责以前组织工作做得很差。

    The policeman said he would take charge of the gun. 那个警察说他来看管这支枪。

trump up a charge
  1. 虚构罪名 invent an accusation

    Sylvia does not get on with the supervisor and the danger is that he will trump up some charge to discredit her. 西尔维亚与主管人相处得不好,因而害怕他会捏造一些罪名使她名誉扫地。

    That woman trumped up various baseless charges against him. 那个女人捏造种种毫无根据的罪名指控他。

    It became clear, during the trial, that most of the charges against the defendant were trumped up. 在审判中已搞清楚了,对被告的大部分指控是捏造的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The village was selfishly concerned that the baby should not be abandoned there, as a charge on the parish.

    出自:A. Fraser
  • A bottle of Glenlivet Malt to charge Granville's glass.

    出自:J. Herriot

charge的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. charge表示控诉时,常表示为charge sb with sth,表示因某事控诉某人,如charge Jack with murder(控诉杰克谋杀);
  2. accuse也表示控告某人某事,但是与介词of连用,如accuse Jack of murder;
  3. charge作名词时,英美人都习惯在其后接that从句。

    They brought the charge that Joseph had committed murder.

  4. charge作动词时,美国人习惯在其后接that从句,而英国人则不。

    They charged that Joseph had committed murder.

  5. charge sb with ...ing有时指“说某人犯了……”,有时指“把……的任务交给某人”。

    He charged Helen with cheating.
    他说海伦犯了欺骗罪。

    He charged her with reading the proofs.
    他把校对的任务交给她。

  6. charge sb to do指“命令某人做某事”。

    He charged Helen never to cheat.
    他命令海伦永远不要欺骗别人。

  7. charge后可接双宾语,表示“索(价)”。

    He charged me ¥50.
    他管我要价50块。

  8. charge表示“为了……取费”时,常与介词for连用,偶然也把表示物品或服务的词做宾语。

    We must charge all the meals.
    我们收取全部的膳食费用。

  9. in charge of表示“管理……”,in/under the charge of表示“被……管理”。

    Mrs Lamb is in charge of the children.
    拉姆女士在管孩子们。

    The children are in/under the charge of Mrs Lamb.
    孩子们在被拉姆女士管着。

v.(动词)
  1. charge的基本意思是“装载”“填充”直到满负荷,由此产生许多新义,如“使充满”“命令”“使承担”“冲锋”“收费”等,美语中还可表示“控告”。本词强调所加的负担超出接受能力,故含有劳累、负担过重或被压倒的意味。
  2. charge用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。作“控告”解时,可以接that引导的从句。作“收费”解时,可以接双宾语,可用于被动结构;表示“价格贵”或“收费贵”时,不能说charge expensively,而用too much或heavily等修饰。
  3. charge用作不及物动词时,常接for表示“收…的费”,接down表示“冲锋”。
n.(名词)
  1. charge作“负责,管理”解时,是不可数名词; 作“指责,指控,控告”解时,是可数名词,且后可接that从句作同位语; 作“收费,要价”解时,主要指因某种服务而索取的费用,是可数名词。
  2. in charge of表示“某人负责或照管某人〔物〕”; in the charge of则表示“某人〔物〕由某人负责或照管”。
  3. 在当代英语中, in the charge of中的the常省略。例如:I left it in charge of my secretary.我把我的文件交给我的秘书。由此可认为in charge of的意思是主动还是被动,可视of的宾语而定。而下面的句子可能引起歧义:Miss Selma was in charge of his mother.如要表示“他的母亲由塞尔玛小姐照顾。”,还是用“His mother was in the charge of Miss Selma.”为好。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
charge off to, charge to
在表示“归因于”时,可用charge sth off to sb,也可用charge sth to sb。前者多一个off,含有把本该归于某人的“功”或“过”划出来一部分强加于某人的意味。另外, charge to一般只用于“归咎于”,而charge off to则既可表示“归咎于”,也可表示“归功于”。
charge sb to-v, charge sb with v-ing
charge sb 后可接动词不定式,也可接“with+动名词”。前者是复合结构,后者是双宾语; 前者意为“责令某人做某事”,后者意为“指责某人做某事。”试比较:
  • I charged her to take the chair.
  • 我责令她拿走这把椅子。
  • I charged her with taking the chair.
  • 我指责她拿走了这把椅子。
charge, accuse
这组词都有“控告,控诉; 指责”的意思。其区别是:
1.accuse 使用范围较广,主要用于一般的指责,也可用于法律上的正式控告; charge 比 accuse 正式,通常指在法庭上依法控告,也可以引申地使用于指责某人违反公认的行为准则。
2.charge所指控的内容比accuse更严重。
3.accuse后一般接of,而charge后一般接with。
charge, assault, attack, beset
这组词都有“攻击”的意思。其区别是:
1.attack是表示“攻击”的普通用语,通常用于事前无警告甚至是无理由的攻击。例如:
The army attacked at night when the enemy was asleep.在夜间敌人熟睡时军队发起了攻击。
Hong Kong had been attacked by Japan at nearly the same moment as Pearl Harbour.香港是差不多和珍珠港同时受到日本袭击的。
2.assault指在愤怒中以暴力突然袭击对方,攻打者和被攻打者彼此能接触到。例如:
The minister was assaulted by a barrage of abuse from the angry strikers.这位部长遭到愤怒的罢工者的一阵辱骂。
She was too shaken after being assaulted to report the incident to the police.她遭到强暴后失魂落魄,竟没有向警方报案。
3.charge主要指对一个固定目标进行的突然而猛烈地攻击,尤指骑兵的突击,常用于战斗或运动竞赛中。例如:
The wounded lion suddenly charged at me.受伤的狮子突然向我冲了过来。
Our soldiers charged the enemy.我们的士兵向敌人冲击。
Our football players charged again and again .我们的足球队员一次又一次地向对方球门进攻。
4.beset多指在思想上受到合围的攻击。例如:
I was beset by doubts.我疑虑重重。
charge, command, direct, enjoin, instruct
这组词都有“发出命令”的意思。其区别是:
command表示“命令,指挥”,强调强制性; enjoin表示“命令,迫使”,强调权威性,含有督促或警告的意味; direct表示“命令,指示”,强调指示和对指示的遵从; instruct表示“命令,指令”,常可和direct相互换用,但instruct更为正式,多用于商业、官方、外交关系中; charge表示“命令,指示”,为文学用语,侧重布置任务或委以重托。
charge, cost
这两个词的共同意思是“索价,花钱”。其区别是:
1.从意思上讲, charge的意思是“请求付费用”,而cost则是“物本身值多少钱”。
2.从句式上讲, charge的主要句式是charge...for...或charge sb ..for...。
n.(名词)
in charge of, in the charge of, in one's charge
这三个短语都有“管理”“掌管”的意思。其区别是:
1.in charge of表示主动意义, of的宾语是所管理的物或事物,可译为“管理…”“负责…”; in the charge of和in one's charge表示被动意义,宾语是实施管理的人,可译为“在…的掌管下”“由…负责”。
2.in the charge of可改为under the charge of; 而in charge of却不可改成under charge of。
charge, dues, fare, fee, toll
这组词的共同意思是“费”。其区别是:
charge是普通用语,泛指生活各方面所花费的“价钱”“费用”,尤指某种服务的“费用”; fee指付给团体的费用,如“报名费”“会费”或付给自由职业者如私人教师、医生、律师等所收的“费用”或“谢金”,还可指“租书费”等; dues指应缴的款或应付的各种税或各种组织的会费; toll指使用道路、桥梁、海港等所需的“过路费”“过桥费”,也可指长途电话费、设施使用费或市场的摊位费等; 而fare主要指车、船、飞机等的旅费。例如:
The guidebook to the museum is available free of charge.这个博物馆的游览指南免费供应。
The doctor's fee was higher than we expected.那医生收费比我们预料的要高。
The shipowners must pay the dues for the use of the harbour every year.船主们每年必须交租用港口税。
A toll must be paid on the tunnel.通过这条隧道必须付通行费。
When you take a bus you have to pay the fare.坐公共汽车必须买票。
accuse charge
这两个动词均有“指控、谴责”之意。
  • accuse:accuse普通用词,正式或非正式场合,私人或法律上均可用。被指控的情节可轻可重。常与of连用。
  • charge:charge常与accuse换用,但charge多指较严重的错误或罪行,而且往往向法庭提出正式起诉。
attack assail assault charge beset
都含有"攻击"的意思。
  • attack:attack常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言论攻击他人"。
  • 德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。
  • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.
  • assail:assail指"猛烈连续地攻击"。
  • 敌机不断猛烈地攻击我们的阵地。
  • The enemy plane assailed our defence position.
  • assault:assault语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思。
  • 敌人在黎明时向我进攻。
  • The enemy assaulted us at dawn.
  • charge:charge指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击"。
  • 骑兵猛烈向前线冲击。
  • The cavalry charged to the front.
  • beset:beset指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击。
  • 在沼泽地里, 我们受到蚊子的围攻。
  • In the swamp we were beset by mosquitoes.
charge price fee fare cost expense
这些名词均有“价格,费用”之意。
  • charge:charge指提供服务时索取的费用,也指货物的价格、价钱。
  • price:price指商品在市场出售的价格,尤指卖方对商品所提出的单价。比喻意义指付出的代价。
  • fee:fee指上学、求医以及找律师等付的费用,还可指会费、借书费等。
  • fare:fare侧重指旅行时所付的车、船费等费用。
  • cost:cost指生产某东西的成本,也泛指商品的价格,可与price换用。
  • expense:expense常指实际支付的费用总数额,有时也指钱的花费。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他被诬告为叛徒。

    He was falsely charged with traitor.

    He was falsely charged with treason.

    charge with后面接表示“罪名”或“罪行”的名词,不接“人”。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:they charged him for murder.

    纠正:they charged him with murder.

    翻译:他们控告他谋杀。

    分析:表示控告某人某事时,charge sb with sth属固定搭配。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的chargier,意为装载,负担;最初源自拉丁语的carurs,意为马车。

charge的相关资料:

正版词典

charge : 负荷;装载 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 电荷 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
charge : 价钱,费用 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • charge:charge n. 负荷, 电荷, 费用, 主管, 掌管, 充电, 充气, 装料v. 装满, 控诉, 责令, 告诫, 指示, 加罪于, 冲锋, 收费习惯用语a reversed charge 由受话人…

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