reference

  核心词汇  
['refrəns]     ['refrəns]    
  • n.参考;参照;出处;推荐人;推荐函
  • v.注明出处;附参考资料
referential referentially referencer referenced referenced referencing references
new

reference是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 参考
  2. 查询,咨询
  3. 委托
  4. 关系,关联
  5. 涉及,提到,说到,论到
  6. 证明人,介绍人,推荐人
  7. 证明书,介绍信,推荐信
  8. 委托项目
  9. 参考书,参考目录,附注
  10. 引证,引文
v.(动词)
  1. 加注,附加注脚,注明出处
  2. 给…列出参考书目,给…附参考资料
  3. 提出…做参考,附(图表、资料)以供参考
  4. 把…引作参考,引用,访问

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]提及,涉及 (an example of) mentioning
  2. [U]参考,查阅 (an example of) looking at sth for information
  3. [C]引文; 参考书目 a piece of written information about sb's character, ability, etc. especially when they are looking for employment
  4. [C]证明书; 证明人; 推荐信; 推荐人 a person who provides such information
  5. [U]关联,关系 relation, correspondence (to)

行业释义

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reference : 引用 ...
reference : 证明人,介 ...
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reference : (re ...
reference : 引用 ...
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reference : 参考,参照 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a remark that calls attention to something or someone;

    "she made frequent mention of her promotion"
    "there was no mention of it"
    "the speaker made several references to his wife"

  2. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;

    "the student's essay failed to list several important citations"
    "the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book"
    "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"

  3. an indicator that orients you generally;

    "it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"

  4. a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts;

    "he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"

  5. a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;

    "requests for character references are all too often answered evasively"

  6. the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;

    "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"

  7. the act of referring or consulting;

    "reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"

  8. a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to;

    "he carried an armful of references back to his desk"
    "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"

  9. (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored

  10. the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to;

    "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"

Verb:
  1. refer to;

    "he referenced his colleagues' work"

reference的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This book is for reference only.
    这本书仅供参考。
  2. This frame of reference will be determined by the limitations on the rational man's knowledge.
    这个参照系统决定于理性人知识的限制。
  3. Full reference citations are available on the readings page.
    全部参考资料的出处可以在阅读资料那页找到。
  4. Can we contact your references?
    我可以与你的推荐人联系吗?
  5. He has a good reference from his former employer.
    他有以前老板提供的一份很好的推荐书。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Paraphrasing is not direct quotation, but you still need to reference it.
    意译不是直接引用
  2. Each chapter is referenced in minute detail.
    每一章后面都附有极为详尽的参考资料。
  3. Each chapter is referenced, citing literature up to 1999.
    每一章都附有参考资料,引用文献截止到1999年。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The play is full of references to the political events of those days.
    这剧本涉及当时的许多政治事件。
  2. Avoid any reference to his illness.
    千万别提起他的病。
  3. The author does not give references.
    作者没有注明参考文献的出处。
  4. Does he has references from former employers?
    他有以前雇主写的推荐信吗?
  5. The headmaster supplied him with a reference.
    校长给他提供证明人。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
without reference to
  1. 不考虑…,置…于不顾not taking account of sb/sth

    This test is to be taken by all pupils without reference to age or grade. 这次测验的对象是全体小学生,不论年龄和年级。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The gaoler would do what he'd been paid for without further reference to his employer.

    出自:L. Garfield

reference的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. reference总是与介词to连用。

    All are admitted, without reference to age or sex.
    全面都是允许的,不参考年龄或性别。

  2. 商业复信的开首常用With reference to your letter,应避免在一般通信里出现;
  3. with reference to比in reference to更常见,都主要用在商业信函和公文里,少用于口语。这里的to是介词,所以With(In) reference to editing a school paper里,用editing不用edit。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
reference, deference, homage, honour
参见honour条。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:with reference of this project, we have something to say.

    纠正:with reference to this project, we have something to say.

    翻译:关于这个工程,我们有些意见。

    分析:with reference to是固定词组,意为“关于……”。

reference的相关资料:

正版词典

reference : 参考;查阅 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

互动百科

  • reference:reference n. 提及, 涉及, 参考, 参考书目, 证明书(人), 介绍信(人) 英英解释:名词reference:1. a remark that calls attention to s…

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