referee

  常用词汇  
[ˌrefə'riː]     [ˌrefə'riː]    
  • n. 裁判员;仲裁人;鉴定人;证明人
  • v. 裁判;仲裁
refereed refereed refereeing referees
new

referee的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 鉴定人
  2. 裁判员,发令裁判,正裁判,裁判长
  3. 仲裁人,调停人,调解人
  4. <主英>审阅人
  5. 公断人,公正人
  6. 【律】审查人
  7. <英>介绍人,推荐人
  8. <主英>专家
v. (动词)
  1. (为...)担任裁判,担任仲裁
  2. 解决
  3. 仲裁,调停,裁判
  4. 审阅,鉴定(专业性强的文章)

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]裁判员 a judge in charge of some games
  2. [C]证明人;咨询人;介绍人;推荐人 a person who provides such information
  3. [C]公断人,仲裁人 a person who is asked to settle a disagreement
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 当裁判 act as referee for (a game)

英英释义

Noun:
  1. (sports) the chief official (as in boxing or American football) who is expected to ensure fair play

  2. someone who reads manuscripts and judges their suitability for publication

  3. an attorney appointed by a court to investigate and report on a case

Verb:
  1. be a referee or umpire in a sports competition

  2. evaluate professionally a colleague's work

referee的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The referee whistled and the game began.
    裁判哨子一响,比赛开始了。
  2. Does the referee have the power to send him off the field?
    裁判员有权勒令他退场吗?
  3. He was booked by the referee for foul play.
    他因为动作犯规而被裁判记下姓名。
  4. At the end of each match, players must maintain the final screens and receive confirmation from a referee.
    在每个比赛结束的时候,运动员一定维持最后的荧屏而且受到来自一个仲裁人的证实。
  5. The head teacher often acts as (a) referee for his pupils.
    这位校长常为求职学生做证明人。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Who's going to referee the basketball match?
    谁将担任这场篮球赛的裁判?
  2. The world's supposedly independent nuclear referee, in short, is stumped for the present.
    总之,目前,设想中的全球独立核仲裁者还只能蹒跚而行。
  3. For some research purposes and possibly for referee work, analyzed primary standards may be obtained from the U.S. Bureau of Standards.
    对于某些研究工作和仲裁工作,可以从美国标准局获得经过分析的一级标准物。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Sometimes they acted as referees.
    有时他们担任裁判员。
  2. The referee declared the game to be a tie.
    裁判员宣布比赛不分胜负。
  3. The referee blew a whistle at the end of the game.
    裁判在比赛结束时吹响了哨子。
  4. The referee refused to allow the goal.
    裁判不承认这次进球。
  5. The referee scored five points for him.
    裁判判给他五分。
  6. The referee made an unfair decision.
    裁判作出了不公正的判决。
  7. The referee started counting.
    裁判员开始数数。
  8. The referee's decision was contested by the loser.
    负方对裁判的裁决有异议。
  9. As the referee counted,the boxer rallied and got to his feet.
    裁判在数点的时候,那位拳击手恢复了体力,站了起来。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Who is going to referee?
    谁将出任裁判?
用作及物动词 S+ ~+n./pron.
  1. Who refereed the final?
    那场决赛谁是裁判?

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • The referee's main aim will be to achieve an agreed settlement through conciliation.

    出自:Accountancy

referee的详细讲解:

词义辨析

n. (名词)
referee, arbiter, arbitrator, judge, umpire
  • 这组词都可指在观点发生冲突或分歧的情况下,有权或授权作出裁决的人。其区别是:
  • judge的本义指主持法院工作并听取证词,对案件作出判决的法官。广义上讲, judge可指鉴定人。arbitrator和arbiter均可指从争议双方推举出来解决分歧的仲裁者或公断人,但arbitrator更为常见。arbitrator通常单独或与人合作来裁决(尤指劳工方面的)纠纷,而arbiter(书面语)常指没有权威或官职而靠自己的权威对非法律问题(如时装、文学等)作出决断或提出乐意遵从的准则的人。例如:
  • Dress designers, not dress-makers, are the arbiters of women's fashions.由服装设计师而不是缝衣匠来判定女装的流行款式。
  • referee和umpire均含有arbitrator(仲裁者、公断人)的含义。在此意义上, referee适用于在技术方面为处理特殊诉讼案件而由官方指定的仲裁人; 而umpire是指在重要或错综复杂的论点中,当双方公断人发生意见冲突或僵持不下时,出面进行最终裁决的人。此外,两词还常用于体育方面,指那些被指定实施比赛规则、排解纠纷的裁判员。此时的referee指篮球、台球、拳击、足球、曲棍球等比赛的裁判; 而umpire常指在网球、羽毛球、乒乓球、排球、游泳等比赛中充当裁判的人员。此外,乒乓球和网球的裁判有时也称judge。
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