cast

  基本词汇  
[kɑːst]     [kæst]    
  • v.掷;抛;投;铸造;指定演员;加起来;投射(目光);投(票);预测
  • n.演员阵容;投掷;[医]固定用敷料
cast cast casting casts
new

cast是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 脱落(掌铁)
  2. 丢弃,抛弃
  3. 投(射),掷,抛,扔
  4. 计算
  5. 浇铸,铸造
  6. 辞退
  7. 制定,编排
  8. 分类整理
  9. 抛垂钓鱼钩, 抛出钓丝,垂钓
  10. 编织
  11. 蜕(皮),脱(皮),换(毛或角)
  12. 脱掉(衣服)
  13. 选派...扮演角色, 为选派演员
  14. 落(叶),落(果)
  15. 呕吐,喷出,吐出
  16. 早产
  17. 把几个数字加起来
  18. 向…投以
  19. 计算
  20. 掷骰子
  21. 变弯,变歪
  22. 算命,预测(潮汐)
  23. 预测,猜想,假设
  24. 思索,图谋,筹划
n.(名词)
  1. 模子
  2. 投,(一)掷,抛
  3. 垂钓
  4. 铸型,浇铸件,铸件
  5. 外貌,外观,特征
  6. 撒网
  7. 【医】固定用敷料
  8. 类型
  9. 气质
  10. 演员阵容
  11. 计算
  12. 倾向
  13. 掷骰子

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. vt. & vi. 投,掷,扔 throw; allow to fall or drop
  2. vt. 投射,加…于 send or add sth to...
  3. vt. 分配(演戏剧等的)角色 assign the various parts of (a play)
  4. vt. & vi. 浇铸 shape by pouring or squeezing into a mold to harden
n.(名词)
  1. [C]投,掷,抛,扔 act of throwing sth
  2. [C]铸造物; 模型 object made by pouring or pressing soft material into a mould
  3. [C]石膏 a hard stiff protective covering for holding a broken bone in place while it gets better
  4. [C]演员表,全体演员 all the actors in a play, etc.

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
cast : 类型 ...
cast : 演 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
cast : 投, 掷, 投 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
cast : 投, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
cast : 色调;模型 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
cast : 计算 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
cast : 演员表,演 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
cast : 管型 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the actors in a play

  2. container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens

  3. the distinctive form in which a thing is made;

    "pottery of this cast was found throughout the region"

  4. the visual appearance of something or someone;

    "the delicate cast of his features"

  5. bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal

  6. object formed by a mold

  7. the act of throwing dice

  8. the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel

  9. a violent throw

Verb:
  1. put or send forth;

    "She threw the flashlight beam into the corner"
    "The setting sun threw long shadows"
    "cast a spell"
    "cast a warm light"

  2. deposit;

    "cast a vote"
    "cast a ballot"

  3. select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet;

    "He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona"

  4. throw forcefully

  5. assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors;

    "Who cast this beautiful movie?"

  6. move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;

    "The gypsies roamed the woods"
    "roving vagabonds"
    "the wandering Jew"
    "The cattle roam across the prairie"
    "the laborers drift from one town to the next"
    "They rolled from town to town"

  7. form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold;

    "cast a bronze sculpture"

  8. get rid of;

    "he shed his image as a pushy boss"
    "shed your clothes"

  9. choose at random;

    "draw a card"
    "cast lots"

  10. formulate in a particular style or language;

    "I wouldn't put it that way"
    "She cast her request in very polite language"

  11. eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth;

    "After drinking too much, the students vomited"
    "He purged continuously"
    "The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night"

cast的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The angler cast her line into the stream.
    那个垂钓者把鱼线掷进了小溪里。
  2. The storm cast the little rowboat onto the rocks.
    风暴把这条小划艇抛到岩石上。
  3. The two world wars cast a shadow over the people all over the world.
    两次世界大战在全世界人民中投下了阴影。
  4. The metals most frequently cast are iron, steal, aluminum and so on.
    最常用来铸造的金属是铁、钢、铝等。
  5. The director began to cast actors for the movie.
    导演开始给演员分配这部电影中的角色。
  6. I'll cast up these figures and tell you the total.
    我要把这些数字加起来把总数告诉你。
  7. All eyes were cast upon the speaker.
    所有的目光投射在说话者身上。
  8. The sales department have forecasted the expenditure in an approximate way.
    销售部门针对经费开支进行了粗略的预测。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The play succeeded thanks to the wonderful performance of all the cast.
    由于演员们的精彩表演,这部戏获得了成功。
  2. The cast of the line is crucial to fly fishing.
    如何投掷鱼线对飞钓来说很关键。
  3. The doctor had to hold his broken arm with a plaster cast.
    医生不得不用石膏绷带来固定他断了的胳膊。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. This is a good place to cast.
    这是垂钓的好地方。
  2. Iron casts better than copper.
    铁比铜好铸造些。
  3. Overheated metal cast badly.
    金属加热过度可能铸不好。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. How many times did he cast his net every morning?
    他每天早晨撒几次网?
  2. He cast the dice.
    他掷骰子。
  3. Tell the foundry to cast another piston.
    告诉铸铁间再铸一只活塞。
  4. They have cast the movie.
    他们已分配了电影的各个角色。
  5. The director cast leading actors in the play.
    导演选派这个戏的主要角色。
  6. I cast John as Li Zicheng.
    我让约翰扮演李自成。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. He was cast for the part of Hamlet.
    他扮演哈姆雷特的角色。
  9. Ophelia has not been cast.
    奥菲丽娅这一角色还没有安排下去。
  10. The statue of Albert Einstein was cast in bronze.
    这座爱因斯坦雕像是青铜铸成的。
  11. Bronze are now cast into coins.
    青铜被铸成了钱币。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. She cast him a significant smile.
    她向他投去意味深长的一笑。
  2. The tree cast us a pleasant shade.
    这棵树给我们带来了荫凉。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He made a cast with a fishing line.
    他抛下了鱼线。
  2. She makes a plaster cast of a bust of Lincoln.
    她用石膏塑造了一座林肯半身像。
  3. He's got his leg in a plaster cast.
    他的腿打了石膏。
  4. The cast is/are waiting on the stage.
    全体演员正在舞台上等候。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
cast a cloud over (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 投下阴影 have a depressing influence on sth cast a cloud over sth

    His miserable manner cast a cloud over the whole proceedings.他痛苦的样子给整个活动投下了阴影。

    His very presence cast a cloud over the meeting.他的到场给这次会议投下了阴云。

cast a spell over (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 用符咒迷惑 exert a controlling influence by no obvious means cast a spell over sb

    Tina seems able to cast a spell over Terry and get him to do anything she wants.蒂娜似乎能够迷住特里,并随心所欲地支配他。

cast about for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 寻找; 寻求 look for cast about for sb

    The personnel manager has been casting about for somebody who can act as receptionist.人事部经理一直在到处物色接待员的人选。

cast aside (v.+adv.)
  1. 抛却,抛弃 throw away; discard cast sb/sth ⇔ aside

    You shouldn't cast aside old friends while seeking new ones.你交朋友,可不能喜新厌旧啊!

    Don't cast aside those worn-out gloves; they may be used yet if properly mended.不要把那些旧手套扔掉,好好补一补,还可以用嘛!

    Cast aside all illusion and go into the battle.丢掉幻想,投入战斗。

    You must cast aside all doubts and tackle the job with confidence.你必须消除一切疑虑,充满信心地着手进行这项工作。

cast aspersions on (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 诽谤 make unfavourable comments about cast aspersions on sb/sth

    I don't permit to cast aspersions on my friend.我不许你诽谤我的朋友。

    You're always casting aspersions on Graham's ability, don't you like him?你总是对格雷厄姆的能力进行诽谤,难道你不喜欢他吗?

cast back (v.+adv.)
  1. 回想; 追溯 remember cast back

    You only need to cast back a little and you'll remember the event.你只要稍微回想一下,就可以记起那件事。

cast doubts on (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 使人对…产生怀疑 make people wonder about the truth of sth cast doubts on sb/sth

    The lack of facilities for elderly people has cast doubts on the whole of the redevelopment scheme.整个重建计划缺乏提供给老人们的设施,这使人们对计划产生了怀疑。

cast down (v.+adv.)
  1. 抛下,丢下 throw down

    The enemy cast down their weapons. 敌人扔掉武器。

    The manager cast down his newspaper when he saw the quotation of his speech. 当经理看见报上引用了他的讲话时,他把报纸扔掉了。

  2. 降低,使向下 turn downward; lower

    The little girl cast her eyes down in shame. 那个小女孩害羞地垂下目光。

  3. 使沮丧 discourage; depress the spirits

    He was cast down by the sad news. 这悲伤的消息使他情绪低落。

    Anyone would be cast down by such news as that. 像那样的消息会使任何人感到沮丧。

    Sylvia's been cast down ever since her mother became so ill. 自从西尔维亚的母亲病重以来,她一直很沮丧。

    In making scientific experiments, one should not be cast down by temporary setbacks. 进行科学实验时,不应因为暂时挫折就垂头丧气。

cast in lot with (v.+prep.+n.+prep.)
  1. 与…共命运〔同甘苦〕 agree to share the fate of sb else cast in one's lot with sb

    My husband was getting nowhere in his own so he decided to cast in his lot with his former classmate and now they're successfully in business together.我丈夫一个人举足艰难,因此他决定和他的老同学合伙干,现在他们在一起干得很有成就。

cast light on〔upon〕 (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 弄清楚 make clear cast light on〔upon〕 sth/wh-clause

    That information may cast light on the mystery.这项情报可能有助于查明那件疑案。

    Can anybody cast light upon how this chair got broken?谁能帮助查清这把椅子坏掉的原因呢?

cast off (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 cast off常不用于进行体。
  2. 脱下; 解开 take off and throw aside cast off

    As soon as the bell rang, the captain gave orders to cast off, and the voyage began.铃一响,船长下令解缆,航行就开始了。

    cast sth ⇔ off

    The fisherman cast off the rope and set the boat adrift.渔夫解开缆绳,让船飘流而去。

    Now that the warmer weather has come, we can cast off our winter clothing.既然天气已转暖,我们可以脱掉冬装了。

    Without hesitation he cast off his coat and jumped into the water to save the drowning child.他毫不犹豫地把上衣一脱,就跳下水去救那个溺水的小孩。

  3. 摆脱; 抛弃 dissociate oneself from; have nothing further to do with cast sb/sth ⇔ off

    The millionaire cast off his daughter when she married a poor young man.当那个百万富翁的女儿嫁给一个穷小子时,他断绝了和女儿的关系。

    It's about time you cast off that feeling of gloom and began to enjoy yourself.该是你摆脱忧愁的情绪,开始快活的时候了。

    He cast off fear and decided to make a try.他摆脱害怕心理,决定试一试。

cast on (v.+prep.)
  1. 扔; 投掷 throw sth on cast sth on sth

    The customer cast his money on the counter and left.那位顾客把钱扔在柜台上就离开了。

    The storm cast the little boat on the rocks.风暴将那只小船掀到岩石上去了。

    How dare you cast reflections on my motives?你竟敢责难我的动机?

cast eyes on〔over〕 (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 浏览一下; 审视 look at quickly; make a quick examination of cast one's eyes on〔over〕 sth

    He cast a professional economist's eye on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。

    She cast her eyes over the paper, pondered, caught the meaning.她把眼光盯在那文件上,思考着,领会着其中的含义。

    Tom, cast your eyes over that new stock and make sure it's all there.汤姆,查看一下那批新进的货,确保一件不差。

    It isn't enough just to cast your eyes over this blue-print; you should make a careful study of it.这份图纸单是草草过一眼是不够的,你得仔细地推敲推敲。

    I'd like you to cast your eyes over this letter before I send it to the school, to see if it's satisfactory.我想让你帮忙看一看这封信写得是不是可以,然后再寄给学校。

cast one's shadow on〔over〕 (v.+n.+prep.)
  1. 挡光线; 使投射阴影 cause sb/sth to be in the shade cast one's shadow on〔over〕 sth

    The tree cast its shadow on the window.树影投在窗户上。

    Please stand to one side. You're casting your shadow over my work.请你往边上站一站,你挡着我的光线了。

cast out (v.+adv.)
  1. 驱逐出去,赶走 force sb to go out or away ; dismiss cast sb/sth ⇔ out

    The Jews cast him out of the temple.犹太人把他赶出了寺庙。

    常用于 be ~ed 结构

    Anybody who dared to oppose the new dictatorship was cast out of his own country.任何敢于反对新专政的人都被驱逐出国。

    The dissident was cast out from his country.这位持不同政见者被驱逐出境。

    Having repeatedly broken the rules of the game,Williams was cast out from the football club.威廉斯踢足球时因为经常犯规,被开除出足球俱乐部。

cast up (v.+adv.)
  1. 计算; 把…加起来 calculate

    He cast up his accounts at the end of each day. 每天结束时,他都算一次账。

    When I had all the figures,I cast them up. 我得了所有数字后,就把它们加了起来。

  2. 冲击 lash; pound

    The sea cast up shells on the beach. 海水把贝壳冲到沙滩上来了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • He was withdrawen from them about a stones cast.

    出自:Bible (AV): Luke
  • Their clothes, their arms, are staked..upon a single cast.

    出自:W. Robertson
  • As the hare doubled the leader killed it with a javelin cast.

    出自:R. Graves
  • Hee that is without sinne among you, let him first cast a stone at her.

    出自:Bible (AV): King John
  • The wind blowing strongly, we were cast upon the shoales..of Mozambique.

    出自:T. Herbert
  • Never cast Water on things newly planted.

    出自:Evelyn
  • Tomorrow or the next day would see fate cast the dicesliberty or prison.

    出自:C. S. Forester

cast的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. cast作为不规则动词,在表示“投,掷,抛”等意时,现在不常用cast,一般用throw来代替;
  2. cast作动词可跟双宾语。

    The tree cast us a pleasant shade.
    树投射给了我们一片很舒服的树荫。

  3. cast about表示“到处搜寻”,而cast doubt on表示“质疑”。
n.(名词)
  1. cast用作动词的基本意思是“投、抛、掷、扔、撒”,指抛出极轻的东西,如网、筛子等,含有直接抛向瞄准的地方的含义。cast作此解时,多用作及物动词,主语一般为人,接简单宾语,也可接双宾语。
  2. cast可用作“投射,加…于”解,多用于光、影、视线等,用于比喻,可接注意力、责任等抽象名词,多与on连用。
  3. cast还可以作“分配演戏剧等的角色”解,其后接sb as sb 或for sb。
  4. cast作“铸造”解时,常与介词in连用,表示“用…铸造”,与介词into连用表示“铸造成…”。
  5. cast的过去式、过去分词均为cast。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
cast, fling, hurl, pitch, throw, toss
这组词的共同意思是“投,掷,抛”,都可指用工具或徒手将物体用力抛出。其区别是:
1.throw是这些词中最普通的词,使用广泛,也不带任何感情色彩。
2.cast强调“迅速抛出”;fling强调“奋力抛出”;hurl指用力投掷,动作迅猛,强调投掷的距离较“远”;pitch强调“技巧性”,主要用于体育项目;toss则指“轻松、不在意或无目的地乱甩”。
3.cast和toss所抛出的物品一般较轻,其余各词则可轻可重。
4.hurl和pitch的方向性、目的性比较明确,其余各词则没有明确的方向性和目的性。
5.fling指奋力投掷,也可指感情激动时漫无目标地、粗暴地扔东西,具有强烈的感情色彩。
throw cast fling heave hurl pitch toss
这些动词均有“抛、投、掷”之意。
  • throw:throw普通用词,使用广泛,仅指用力抛掷,不涉及动作方式或感情色彩。
  • cast:cast常可与throw互换,指迅速扔出一个重量较轻的物体。
  • fling:fling指用力投掷,或因感情激动而粗暴地或漫无目的地扔东西。
  • heave:heave指把重物举起后扔出。
  • hurl:hurl通常指用力投掷,动作迅猛,所投掷的距离也较远。
  • pitch:pitch指随意地、轻轻地掷或扔,侧重方向性和有明确的目标。
  • toss:toss指无什么目的地、轻轻地、随意地掷或扔,所扔掷的东西一般都比较轻。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:he cast doubt about the press system of self-regulation.

    纠正:he cast doubt on the press system of self-regulation.

    翻译:他质疑新闻系统的自我控制性。

    分析:cast about指“到处搜寻”,cast doubt on才是“质疑”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期英进入语,直接源自古北欧语的kasta,意为投,扔;最初源自古英语的weorpan,意为弯曲,转动。

cast的相关资料:

正版词典

cast : 管型, 圆 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
cast : 投,扔,掷 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

缩略词

cast的相关缩略词,共有73

互动百科

  • cast:CAST: 声优,即配音演员。 相关条目 音乐 科学技术 教育电影…

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