drift

  核心词汇  
[drɪft]     [drɪft]    
  • vi. 漂流;漂移;吹积;漂泊;偏离
  • vt. 使漂流;使堆积
  • n. 漂流;趋势;漂泊
drifty drifted drifted drifting drifts
new

drift的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 趋势
  2. 大意
  3. 堆积物
  4. 倾向
  5. 漂流物
  6. 要旨
  7. 漂流
  8. 漂移
  9. 要点
  10. 吹积物
  11. 动向
  12. 放任自流
  13. 坐观
  14. 漂亮
  15. 推进力
  16. 【地】冰碛
  17. 漂砾
  18. 流动
  19. 航差
  20. 偏航
v. (动词)
  1. 漂流
  2. 使漂流
  3. 漂泊
  4. 游荡
  5. 渐渐趋向
  6. 逐渐陷入
  7. 吹积
  8. 漂移
  9. 逐渐地睡着了
  10. 使吹积
  11. 使漂积
  12. 把…吹积
  13. 【机】冲孔
  14. 被吹积成堆
  15. 心不由主地走
  16. 吹积成堆
  17. 逐渐地睡着了觉
  18. 使吹积成堆
  19. 流浪
  20. 无意间进入
  21. 不知不觉陷入
  22. 堆积
  23. 缓缓移动
  24. 缓慢行走
  25. 无意间发生
  26. 无目的地转变
  27. 顺其自然地做
  28. 使漂浮
  29. 冲漂
  30. 漂流漂泊
  31. 覆盖
  32. 使堆积

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 飘,漂流 float or be driven along by wind, waves, or currents
  2. vt. & vi. (使)堆积 (cause to) pile up under the force of the wind or water
n. (名词)
  1. [U]漂移,漂流 drifting movement
  2. [C]吹积物; 堆积物 a mass of sth, such as snow or sand, blown together by wind
  3. [U]趋势,动向,倾向 a general tendency or movement
  4. [S]大意,要点,主旨 the general meaning

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a force that moves something along

  2. the gradual departure from an intended course due to external influences (as a ship or plane)

  3. a process of linguistic change over a period of time

  4. a large mass of material that is heaped up by the wind or by water currents

  5. a general tendency to change (as of opinion);

    "not openly liberal but that is the trend of the book"
    "a broad movement of the electorate to the right"

  6. the pervading meaning or tenor;

    "caught the general drift of the conversation"

  7. a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine;

    "they dug a drift parallel with the vein"

Verb:
  1. be in motion due to some air or water current;

    "The leaves were blowing in the wind"
    "the boat drifted on the lake"
    "The sailboat was adrift on the open sea"
    "the shipwrecked boat drifted away from the shore"

  2. wander from a direct course or at random;

    "The child strayed from the path and her parents lost sight of her"
    "don't drift from the set course"

  3. move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;

    "The gypsies roamed the woods"
    "roving vagabonds"
    "the wandering Jew"
    "The cattle roam across the prairie"
    "the laborers drift from one town to the next"
    "They rolled from town to town"

  4. vary or move from a fixed point or course;

    "stock prices are drifting higher"

  5. live unhurriedly, irresponsibly, or freely;

    "My son drifted around for years in California before going to law school"

  6. move in an unhurried fashion;

    "The unknown young man drifted among the invited guests"

  7. cause to be carried by a current;

    "drift the boats downstream"

  8. drive slowly and far afield for grazing;

    "drift the cattle herds westwards"

  9. be subject to fluctuation;

    "The stock market drifted upward"

  10. be piled up in banks or heaps by the force of wind or a current;

    "snow drifting several feet high"
    "sand drifting like snow"

drift的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The sailors cast the boat off and allowed it to drift away on the tide.
    水手解下缆绳,任船随潮流漂走。
  2. The boat drifted down the river.
    船顺水漂流而下。
  3. What causes continents to break up and drift apart?
    什么原因导致大陆分裂漂移?
  4. Some roads are closed owing to drifting.
    有些道路因积雪而封闭。
  5. I think I 'll drift around for a few years, then manybe try to find a job.
    我想我会先漂泊几年,之后没准找个工作!
  6. As children grow up,they drift away from their parent's views.
    随着孩子不断成长,他们便开始偏离其父母的观点。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. They drift the logs down the river to the sawmills.
    他们使那些圆木漂下河流到锯木厂。
  2. The winds drift dry leaves into piles.
    风吹枯叶积成一堆。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The general drift of the current was northerly.
    这水通常向北流。
  2. There is a drift of farmers to the cities.
    农民流向城市。
  3. We must stop this drift towards war.
    我们必须制止这种战争趋势。
  4. There is a slow drift into crisis.
    有一种渐入危机的趋势。
  5. And for those who do drift beyond that frontier, the same re-search may offer new hope for treat-ments and even cures.
    对那些已经漂泊游荡过那道边界的病患,同样的研究可能可以提出新疗法,甚至疗程。
  6. Two Cleopatras in our royal barge, my sister and I reclined and let our little rowboat drift out onto the lake.
    两个克利奥帕特拉女子在我们的皇家驳船,我的妹妹和我斜倚着,让我们的小舟在湖面漂泊。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
S+~(+A)
  1. The snow had drifted everywhere.
    雪飘至各处。
  2. The moon drifted from behind the clouds.
    月亮从云层后浮现。
  3. She drifted into sleep.
    她迷迷糊糊地睡着了。
  4. Some people have a purpose in life, others just drift.
    有些人有生活目标,而有些人只是浑噩度日。
  5. She just drifts aimlessly from job to job.
    她只是漫无目的地不断更换工作。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The current drifted the boat.
    水流把船冲走了。
  2. The wind drifted the leaves across our yard.
    风把树叶吹过院子。
  3. 1
  4. The house was partly drifted up.
    房子被积雪埋掉了一截。
  5. The logs were drifted down to the sawmill.
    那些圆木是顺流漂到锯木厂去的。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The drift of the icebergs in the sea endangers the ships.
    海上冰山的漂流危及船只的安全。
  2. The saplings were buried in drifts of snow.
    树苗被堆起来的雪埋住了。
  3. There is a slow drift into crisis.
    有一种渐入危机的趋势。
  4. The drift of young people from the country to the city deserves the authorities' notice.
    年轻人从乡村涌向城市的趋势值得官方注意。
  5. My English is not very good, but I got the general drift of what he said.
    我英语不太好,但他说的话我大致能听懂。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
drift along (v.+adv.)
    游荡,混日子 act aimlessly in lift
    drift along

    The boat drifted along, with the child asleep inside it and no one guiding its direction.

    小船缓缓向前漂去,船上的孩子睡着了,无人掌舵。

    drift sb/sth ⇔ along

    The current was drifting us along.

    水流将我们漂走。

    drift along

    He's still drifting along, without a proper job or any sense of purpose.

    他仍在混日子,既无正当职业,又无任何志向。

drift apart (v.+adv.)
    在思想、感情等方面疏远 become separate in thought, feeling, etc.
drift away (v.+adv.)
    开始用不同的方式思考或感觉 begin to think and feel in a different way (from sb or sth)
drift in (v.+adv.)
    偶尔到来,顺便来访 arrive, informally
drift out (v.+adv.)
    散开; 蔓延 spread; move slowly or informally
drift towards (v.+prep.)
    因未受阻而逐渐达到(某种状态等) gradually reach (sth such as a state) without making any effort to prevent it

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The sands by the fury of Tempests lie in great drifts.

    出自: T. Herbert
  • The field Strewn with..yellow drifts Of wither'd leaves.

    出自: M. Arnold
  • The light winds and strong currents..had drifted the boat about.

    出自: J. Conrad

drift的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. drift的基本意思是“漂流,漂荡”,它可以指物(如船),也可以指人漫无目的漂流; 可用作不及物或及物动词,用作及物动词时,后可接名词或代词作宾语。
  2. drift还可作“(使)堆积”解,可用作不及物动词或及物动词,用作及物动词时,后可接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. drift可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
drift, float
  • 这两个词都可表示“漂浮”,前者可动也可不动,后者只指“漂动”。试比较:
  • The logs float on the river.
  • 圆木在河上漂浮着。
  • The logs floated down the river.
  • 圆木沿河流而下。
  • The logs drifted down the river.
  • 圆木沿河流而下。
  • drift,float
  • 这两个动词均有“漂流,漂浮”之意。
  • drift多指随风或顺水飘荡,表示动态。
  • float可与drift换用,但侧重指因有液体或气体所支持而不下沉,可表动态或静态。
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