shape

  基本词汇  
[ʃeɪp]     [ʃeɪp]    
  • n.形状;形式;身材;定形
  • vt.塑造;定形;使 ... 成形
shapable shaper shaped shaped shaping shapes
new

shape是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 形状,样子,外形,模样
  2. 模糊的人影,轮廓
  3. 模型,模子
  4. <口>情况,状态
  5. 身材
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. (=Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe)欧洲盟军最高司令部
v.(动词)
  1. 使成形, 使成为…形状,做成某物的形状
  2. 形成
  3. 使(服装)合身
  4. 设计
  5. <罕>发生
  6. 塑造,制作
  7. 构成
  8. 决定…的形成,影响…的发展
  9. 决定(某事物)的性质
  10. 准备(做某动作)
  11. 调整
  12. 使符合,使合适

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C] [U] 外形,形状,样子 outer form or appearance; outline of an area, a figure, etc.
  2. [U] 情况,状况,状态 condition; health; state; effectiveness
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 制成某种形状 make in a particular form
  2. vt. & vi. 影响(…的形态等),决定(…的进程等) influence and fix the course or form of

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
shape : 形状, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
shape : 形状 ...
shape : 形态;定形 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
shape : 形状 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
shape : 形状, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
shape : 戏曲服装; ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
shape : 形状;成形 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline);

    "he could barely make out their shapes"

  2. the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance;

    "geometry is the mathematical science of shape"

  3. alternative names for the body of a human being;

    "Leonardo studied the human body"
    "he has a strong physique"
    "the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak"

  4. a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept;

    "a circle was the embodiment of his concept of life"

  5. the visual appearance of something or someone;

    "the delicate cast of his features"

  6. the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape')

  7. the supreme headquarters that advises NATO on military matters and oversees all aspects of the Allied Command Europe

  8. a perceptual structure;

    "the composition presents problems for students of musical form"
    "a visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them"

Verb:
  1. shape or influence; give direction to;

    "experience often determines ability"
    "mold public opinion"

  2. make something, usually for a specific function;

    "She molded the rice balls carefully"
    "Form cylinders from the dough"
    "shape a figure"
    "Work the metal into a sword"

  3. give shape or form to;

    "shape the dough"
    "form the young child's character"

shape的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This island is triangular in shape.
    这个岛的外形呈三角形。
  2. I'm having trouble giving shape to my ideas in this essay.
    我在这篇文章中表达不清自己的想法。
  3. In the process it became less amorphous in shape.
    在过程中它变得较不无定形在形状。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. It was the Greeks who shaped the thinking of Western man.
    正是希腊人影响了西方人的思维。
  2. Mark didn't shape up until he was thirty years old.
    马克到三十岁时才振奋起来。
  3. The metal in the mould hardened into shape.
    模子里的金属硬化成形。
  4. Our plan is beginning to take shape.
    我们的计划开始成形了。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The picture is round in shape.
    这幅画是圆形的。
  2. That cloud has a strange shape.
    那朵云的形状很怪。
  3. Dough can be kneaded into any shape.
    面团能揉成任何形状。
  4. What shape is it?
    那东西是什么形状?
  5. It's the right size but the wrong shape.
    这东西大小合适,但形状不对。
  6. An elephant is different from a tiger in shape.
    象的形状和老虎不同。
  7. That woolen shirt has been washed twenty times and yet it still keeps its shape.
    那件衬衫已洗了20次,仍然没变形。
  8. The shape of this leaf is unusual.
    这片叶子的形状罕见。
  9. What's the shape of his nose?
    他的鼻子是什么形状?
  10. In the dim candle light I just caught sight of a vague shape at the door.
    在暗淡的烛光下,我只瞧见门边有个模糊的人影。
  11. We saw a shape through the mist but we couldn't see who it was.
    我们在雾中看到一个模糊的人影,但看不清那是谁。
  12. The shapes faded into the night.
    模糊的人影消失在夜色中。
  13. Your whole shape shows when you stand against the light.
    你站在光前就显露出整个身影来。
  14. A grim mysterious shape stalked towards me.
    一个不祥的怪影悄悄地向我走来。
  15. Strange shapes could be seen in the fog.
    在雾中可以看到一些奇怪的影子。
  16. He saw only the dark shapes of trees on the river bank.
    他只看见河岸上黑糊糊的树影。
  17. The poet's dreams find a shape in his poetry.
    诗人的梦想体现在他的诗中。
  18. My ideas have now assumed a definite shape.
    我的想法现在已经具体了。
  19. What sort of shape is he in after shape.
    他的生意不佳。
  20. What shapes is the team in after its defeat?
    这个队失败后情况如何?
  21. Have some more shape.
    再吃点果冻吧。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Clay shapes easily.
    泥土容易做成各种形状。
  2. The girl is shaping satisfactorily.
    那女孩发育得很好。
  3. The young soldiers who arrived last month are shaping nicely.
    上个月来的年轻士兵进步很快。
  4. His plan is shaping well.
    他的计划有点样子了。
  5. Our holiday plans are shaping well.
    我们的假期计划进展顺利。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He was shaping an apple.
    他在把一个苹果削成某种形状。
  2. The carpenter is shaping a piece of wood.
    木匠正在加工一块木料。
  3. The blacksmith shaped a horseshoe on his anvil.
    铁匠在他的铁砧上打出一个马蹄形。
  4. The potter carefully shaped the vase.
    那个陶工精心地制作了这个花瓶。
  5. The bird shaped its nest from mud and sticks.
    这鸟用泥和小枝条筑巢。
  6. Can they shape public opinion?
    他们能影响舆论吗?
  7. He is a powerful person who can shape events .
    他是个能够左右局势的强有力的人物。
  8. A good teacher helps shape a child's character.
    一个好的老师应帮助孩子形成自己的性格。
  9. The time at school shapes one's future.
    在校学习期间决定一个人的前途。
  10. This event shaped his whole life.
    这件事决定了他的一生。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. It is shaped like bell.
    其外形如铃铛。
  13. That hat is shaped to fit her head.
    那顶帽子做得适合她的头。
  14. This dress is shaped at the waist and doesn't need a belt.
    这件连衣裙腰部收窄因而不需要用腰带。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
get〔knock,lick〕 sb/sth into shape
  1. 为了健美的体形而进行锻炼等 take exercise, etc. in order to become fit get oneself into shape

    I've been jogging a lot to get myself into shape.我长期慢跑锻炼身体。

  2. 使某事物〔某人〕有条理,恰当地安排某事物〔某人〕 get sb/sth into an orderly state; arrange sth/sb properly get〔knock,lick〕 sb/sth into shape

    We need a new manager to get the business into shape.我们需要一个新经理来把业务安排妥当。

    With a few days' more work I shall get it into shape.再干几天我就会把这件事弄出眉目来。

    A sergeant soon knocks new recruits into shape.中士很快就把新兵训练得规规矩矩。

give shape to
  1. 清晰地表达 express sth clearly

    I'm having trouble giving shape to my ideas in this essay. 我在这篇文章中表达不清自己的想法。

in any shape or form
  1. 任何形式 in whatever form sth appears or is presented

    I don't drink alcohol in any shape or form. 我什么酒都不喝。

in shape
  1. 健康 fit

    We take exercises to keep in good shape. 我们锻炼身体以保持健康。

    A few months in the country will put him in good physical shape again. 在乡下住几个月就会使他的身体恢复健康。

in the shape of
  1. 以某人〔某事物〕的形式 appearing speci-fically as sb/sth

    The cloud was in the shape of a cock. 那云成公鸡形状。

    Help arrived in the shape of our next-door neighbours. 来帮助我们的是隔壁的邻居。

    I received a nasty surprise in the shape of a letter from the taxman. 我收到税务局的来信,把我吓得六神无主了。

    He has nothing in the shape of money. 他身无分文。

    He expressed his gratitude to us in the shape of an invitation to dinner. 他请我们吃饭,表示对我们的感谢。

out of shape
  1. 变形,走样 not having the usual shapeHe keeps too many things in his pockets, so his suit looks badly out of shape.他的衣袋里放的东西太多,把衣服弄得简直不成样子。
  2. 不健康 unfitTake exercise if you're out of shape.身体不好就要锻炼。
take shape
  1. 成形,变得有条理 take on a definite form; become more organized

    Water takes the shape of its container. 水盛在什么容器里就是什么形状。

    Her poetical works are beginning to take shape. 她的诗集开始有点眉目了。

    After months of work, the new book is gradually taking shape. 经过几个月的努力,这本新书渐渐成型了。

    In the country a fairly complete system of industry has taken shape. 这个国家形成了比较完整的工业体系。

    Intention took shape in action. 意图逐渐在行动中体现出来。

    The plan is beginning to take shape in my mind. 这个计划在我的脑子里终有于了眉目。

    His plans are at last taking shape. 他的计划终于实现了。

    A plan was beginning to take shape as they argued. 随着他们的争论,计划就逐渐成形。

用作动词 (v.)
shape into (v.+prep.)
  1. 使成为; (把…)做成…形状 form into shape into sth

    He will shape into an excellent basketball player.他会成长为一个优秀的篮球运动员。

    shape sth into sth

    The children enjoyed shaping the snow into figures of people and animals.孩子们喜欢把雪堆成人和动物。

    It's difficult to know how best to shape these ideas into an article.要知道如何最恰当地把这些思想组织成一篇文章是很难的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    It is shaped into a basin-like form.它被做成盆状。

shape to (v.+prep.)
  1. 使合体; 相适应 be fit for; be suitable to be shaped to sth

    Her dress is shaped to her figure.她的衣服很合身。

    The fashion at the time was for garments to be shaped to the upper part of the body.那时候流行的服装式样是上身要贴身。

    The educational system should be shaped to the needs of the children, not to politicians' ideas.教育制度应该适应孩子们的需要,而不应该顺应政治家们的思想。

shape up (v.+adv.)
  1. 改进,顺利发展 begin to act or work right; get along satisfactorily shape up

    If the new boy doesn't begin to shape up soon, he'll have to leave school.要是这新来的男孩不快点在功课方面有进展的话,他就得退学了。

    You'd better shape up, young man, if you want to get anywhere in this job!年轻人,如果你想在这一行中有所作为,最好还是表现得好些!

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He hears quick footstepssa shape flits by.

    出自:J. G. Whittier
  • I was shapen in iniquitie.

    出自:Bible (AV): Psalms

shape的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. shape作名词,在美式英语中指“情况”,现在也用于英式英语,如in bad shape,in better shape,in fair shape,in good shape等;
  2. shape所在的句子,有时可省略句中的介词of。

    My desk is (of) the same shape as yours.
    我的桌子的形状和你们的是一样的。

n.(名词)
  1. shape的基本意思是指物品的“外形,形状,样子”,既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。
  2. shape在口语中可表示“人或事物的情况,状况,状态”,用作不可数名词。
  3. shape有时还可表示“模制的水果冻”,既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. shape用作动词的意思是“制成(某种)形状”,用于具体物品时,常指将原料用刀具切削或加工制成有用的物品,其材料可以是金属,也可以是黏土、塑料等,强调制成某种特殊形状。引申可指“培养塑造(人的思想、性格)”“影响…的发展”“决定…的进展”等。
  2. shape还可表示“使(服装等)合身”,一般用于被动结构。
  3. shape既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语。用作不及物动词时主动形式含有被动意义。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
shape, fashion, forge, mould
这组词都可表示原料被加工制成有用的物品。其区别在于:
1.用于具体物品时, shape常指用刀具切削; mould指用模具铸造或冲压; forge指加热后锤锻; fashion指用手或简单工具把某种物品制成一新物品。
2.用于抽象事物时, shape强调后果; mould常指培养塑造人的思想、性格等; forge指花费巨大劳动,克服困难后所达到的成就; fashion也有培养塑造的意思,可与mould, shape互换。
3.forge的材料一般是金属; shape, mould, fashion的材料可以是金属,也可以是黏土、塑料等其他材料。
4.shape强调制成某种特殊形状; forge, mould和fashion强调制成某种新物品。
5.mould和forge带有很强的技术色彩。例如:
The presses moulded the car bodies.压床压制出汽车模型。
The figure of a man has been moulded.人像已塑造成了。
The climate moulds his character.这种气候养就了他的性格。
A bayonet blade is forged from the finest steel.刺刀刃是用最优质的钢锻造的。
They forged pieces for a wrought-iron railing.他们将生铁块锻造成熟铁棒。
The poem is forged in the brain.诗歌是在头脑中酝酿而成的。
She fashioned a necklace from paper clips.她用曲别针做成项链。
We can fashion the dress to your figure.我们能把这件衣服做得合你的身。
He fashioned a talented amateur into a brilliant actor.他将一个有才华的业余艺术爱好者培养成了卓越的演员。
shape, figure, form
这三个词都有“形状,外形,样子”的意思。其区别是:
form可特指某事物的具体组成结构、形式、体制; 而shape则强调人或物的整个外形,还可特指模糊的、朦胧的形状; 当指人的体形时, form强调“体形,躯体”; figure指人体外部线条构成的“轮廓”; shape强调“身影”; form还可指诗、文、曲的体裁、格式,而shape不能这样用。例如:
My garden is in the shape of a square.我的园子是方形的。
There were clouds of different shapes.有各种形态的云。
I made out two dim shapes in the dark.黑暗中我隐约辨出两个模糊的影子。
The figure of a girl fills out at puberty.姑娘的身段在青春期变得丰满起来。
The gown showed off her lovely figure.那件睡衣显露出她优美的身段。
mould forge form shape
这些动词均有“使成形”之意。
  • mould:mould通常指把有延展性的材料浇铸或塑成所需形状的物品。
  • forge:forge意义较窄,指用锤子和砧对金属材料进行加工或锻造。
  • form:form通常指对尚未成形的物品作进一步加工,使成为成品。
  • shape:shape比mould使用广泛,指用许多不同的方法制成不同形状的制品。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the bus is a oblong shape vehicle.

    纠正:the bus is a oblong-shaped vehicle.

    翻译:公共汽车是长方形的交通工具。

    分析:shape不可以作形容词,而oblong-shaped可作复合形容词修饰名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的scnapna;最初源自古日耳曼语的skapjnana,意为产生,命中注定。

shape的相关资料:

正版词典

shape : 外形;形状 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • shapeless adj. 无定形的;不成形的;样子不好看的;结构混乱的;条理不清的‖shapely adj. 〈正,褒〉(尤指女人的身材或腿)样子好的;匀称的

缩略词

shape的相关缩略词,共有23

互动百科

  • shape:shape n. 外形, 形状, 形态, (尤指女子的)体形, 身段, 形式vt. 制作, 定形, 使成形, 塑造, 使符合vi. 成形, 形成, 成长 英英解释:名词shape:1. any spa…

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