draw

  基本词汇  
[drɔː]     [drɔː]    
  • v.拖;接近;画;提取;拉;绘制
  • n.平局;抽签;拉;拽;吸引人的事物
drew drawn drawing draws
new

draw是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 领取,提取,获取
  2. 拉,牵, 曳,拖
  3. 推断出
  4. 打成平局,不分胜负
  5. 草拟,制定
  6. 开支票
  7. 引起,招来,吸引
  8. 划(线),画(图),绘画,绘制;描绘,描写
  9. 移动,行驶,挨近,靠近,来临
  10. (烟囱等)通风
  11. (牙齿等)被拔出,拔枪,拔剑,抽刀,张弓
  12. 支取存款
  13. (船)吃(水)
  14. 拉(小提琴的弓等)
  15. 汲取,领取,获取
  16. 从(容器等中)倒出(物品)
  17. 取出…的内脏
  18. 抽(签),(抽签)决定
n.(名词)
  1. 抽签
  2. 精彩节目
  3. 拉,牵引,拖,吸
  4. 【体】平局,和局
  5. 有吸引力的人或物
  6. 吊桥的开合部分
  7. <美>抽烟
  8. 拔出,拔牙,拔刀,拔枪,开弓
  9. 【医】吸脓

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 绘画,画 make pictures; design with a pen, chalk
  2. vt. & vi. 拖,拉 move by pulling after or behind
  3. vt. & vi. 拔出,取出,抽出 take out by pulling
  4. vt. 提取,汲取,领取 pull or take sth out of a place
  5. vt. 引起,吸引 attract; cause to come or be directed towards
  6. vt. 推断出 know sth from other things
  7. vi. 移动,来临 come
  8. vi. 打成平局,不分胜负 end a game or competition with the same marks, etc. for both sides
n.(名词)
  1. [S]抽奖,抽签 act of picking at random tickets in a lottery, matches in a tournament, etc.
  2. [C]平局,不分胜负 result of a game in which neither player or side wins
  3. [C]有吸引力的人或事物 person or thing that attracts people
  4. [C]吸烟 act of drawing at a cigarette, pipe, etc.

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
draw : 抽签, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
draw : 拉, 拖, 领 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
draw : 画图 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
draw : 出票 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
draw : 吸引力的人 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
draw : 员工预付佣 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
draw : 领取, 提取 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a gully that is shallower than a ravine

  2. an entertainer who attracts large audiences;

    "he was the biggest drawing card they had"

  3. the finish of a contest in which the score is tied and the winner is undecided;

    "the game ended in a draw"
    "their record was 3 wins, 6 losses and a tie"

  4. anything (straws or pebbles etc.) taken or chosen at random;

    "the luck of the draw"
    "they drew lots for it"

  5. a playing card or cards dealt or taken from the pack;

    "he got a pair of kings in the draw"

  6. a golf shot that curves to the left for a right-handed golfer;

    "he took lessons to cure his hooking"

  7. (American football) the quarterback moves back as if to pass and then hands the ball to the fullback who is running toward the line of scrimmage

  8. poker in which a player can discard cards and receive substitutes from the dealer;

    "he played only draw and stud"

  9. the act of drawing or hauling something;

    "the haul up the hill went very slowly"

Verb:
  1. cause to move by pulling;

    "draw a wagon"
    "pull a sled"

  2. get or derive;

    "He drew great benefits from his membership in the association"

  3. make a mark or lines on a surface;

    "draw a line"
    "trace the outline of a figure in the sand"

  4. make, formulate, or derive in the mind;

    "I draw a line here"
    "draw a conclusion"
    "draw parallels"
    "make an estimate"
    "What do you make of his remarks?"

  5. bring, take, or pull out of a container or from under a cover;

    "draw a weapon"
    "pull out a gun"
    "The mugger pulled a knife on his victim"

  6. represent by making a drawing of, as with a pencil, chalk, etc. on a surface;

    "She drew an elephant"
    "Draw me a horse"

  7. take liquid out of a container or well;

    "She drew water from the barrel"

  8. give a description of;

    "He drew an elaborate plan of attack"

  9. select or take in from a given group or region;

    "The participants in the experiment were drawn from a representative population"

  10. elicit responses, such as objections, criticism, applause, etc.;

    "The President's comments drew sharp criticism from the Republicans"
    "The comedian drew a lot of laughter"

  11. suck in or take (air);

    "draw a deep breath"
    "draw on a cigarette"

  12. move or go steadily or gradually;

    "The ship drew near the shore"

  13. remove (a commodity) from (a supply source);

    "She drew $2,000 from the account"
    "The doctors drew medical supplies from the hospital's emergency bank"

  14. choose at random;

    "draw a card"
    "cast lots"

  15. earn or achieve a base by being walked by the pitcher;

    "He drew a base on balls"

  16. bring or lead someone to a certain action or condition;

    "She was drawn to despair"
    "The President refused to be drawn into delivering an ultimatum"
    "The session was drawn to a close"

  17. cause to flow;

    "The nurse drew blood"

  18. write a legal document or paper;

    "The deed was drawn in the lawyer's office"

  19. engage in drawing;

    "He spent the day drawing in the garden"

  20. move or pull so as to cover or uncover something;

    "draw the shades"
    "draw the curtains"

  21. allow a draft;

    "This chimney draws very well"

  22. require a specified depth for floating;

    "This boat draws 70 inches"

  23. pull (a person) apart with four horses tied to his extremities, so as to execute him;

    "in the old days, people were drawn and quartered for certain crimes"

  24. cause to move in a certain direction by exerting a force upon, either physically or in an abstract sense;

    "A declining dollar pulled down the export figures for the last quarter"

  25. take in, also metaphorically;

    "The sponge absorbs water well"
    "She drew strength from the minister's words"

  26. direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical attributes;

    "Her good looks attract the stares of many men"
    "The ad pulled in many potential customers"
    "This pianist pulls huge crowds"
    "The store owner was happy that the ad drew in many new customers"

  27. thread on or as if on a string;

    "string pearls on a string"
    "the child drew glass beads on a string"
    "thread dried cranberries"

  28. stretch back a bowstring (on an archer's bow);

    "The archers were drawing their bows"

  29. pass over, across, or through;

    "He ran his eyes over her body"
    "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"
    "He drew her hair through his fingers"

  30. finish a game with an equal number of points, goals, etc.;

    "The teams drew a tie"

  31. contract;

    "The material drew after it was washed in hot water"

  32. reduce the diameter of (a wire or metal rod) by pulling it through a die;

    "draw wire"

  33. steep; pass through a strainer;

    "draw pulp from the fruit"

  34. remove the entrails of;

    "draw a chicken"

  35. flatten, stretch, or mold metal or glass, by rolling or by pulling it through a die or by stretching;

    "draw steel"

  36. cause to localize at one point;

    "Draw blood and pus"

draw的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The horses draw the wagon.
    马拖货车。
  2. Our car broke down and we had to draw it to a garage.
    我们的车坏了, 不得不把它拖到修车厂去。
  3. The season was drawing to its dusty end.
    喧嚣纷扰的社交季节逐渐接近尾声。
  4. Mary drew a house on the paper.
    玛丽在纸上画了一栋房子。
  5. I'll draw some money from my account.
    我要提取一些存款。
  6. Will you draw the curtain across the window?
    把窗帘拉上好吗?
  7. His work is to draw up plans for an extension.
    他的工作就是绘制扩建图。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. They had been dueling for hours and finally called a draw.
    他们一直决斗了数小时,最后打成平局。
  2. French official argued with the organizers over the draw.
    法国队官员就抽签的事同比赛组织者发生了争执。
  3. Draw your chair up to the table.
    把你的椅子拉到桌子旁边来。
  4. A live band is always a good draw at a party.
    现场演奏的乐队在聚会上总是很吸引人的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. They say I draw well.
    他们说我画得好。
  2. The draftsman draws well.
    起草人写得不错。
  3. The cigar doesn't draw well.
    这烟不好抽。
  4. The tooth draws out easily.
    这牙很容易拔。
  5. The pipe does not draw well.
    这管子不容易拉长。
  6. The TV drama draws well.
    电视节目很吸引人。
  7. Did the school team win or draw yesterday?
    昨天校队赢了还是打成了平局?
  8. The National Day is drawing closer.
    国庆节快到了。
  9. The flue should draw better once it's been swept.
    烟道一经清扫,通风情况应好些。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He draws pictures better than any student in his class.
    他绘画比班上任何人都好。
  2. He drew some pictures.
    他画了一些画。
  3. He spent his spare time drawing pictures.
    有空他就画画。
  4. He spread a map and drew a blue line.
    他展开地图,在图上画了一条蓝线。
  5. He first drew a straight line and then a circle.
    他先画了条直线,接着又画了个圆圈。
  6. Listen to the four choices, and then draw a circle under the right one.
    听四个选择,然后在正确的下面画一个圈。
  7. She drew a circle and let me stand in it.
    她画了一个圆圈,让我站进去。
  8. Altogether they drew 500 blueprints.
    他们总共画了500张蓝图。
  9. He drew a grim picture of conditions in the slums.
    他描绘了有关贫民窟状况的可怕的画面。
  10. The horse draws the wagon.
    马拉货车。
  11. Please draw the curtains.
    请把窗帘拉上。
  12. He drew the curtains and turned on the tiny television set.
    他拉上窗帘,打开小电视机。
  13. She drew the curtains and let the sunshine into the room.
    她把窗帘拉开,让阳光照进室内。
  14. The little boy cannot draw the cork.
    这个小男孩不能拔出软木塞。
  15. He drew his gun and fired.
    他拔出枪就开火。
  16. A dentist draws teeth.
    牙医拔牙。
  17. I'll draw a tooth tomorrow.
    我明天拔牙。
  18. She draws a good salary.
    她领取丰厚的薪水。
  19. They draw their wages every Friday.
    他们每星期五领工资。
  20. He drew a warm bath and lounged in it.
    他放了一浴盆温水后懒洋洋地躺在里面。
  21. He drew a winning number.
    他抽了个中彩号码。
  22. Her shouts drew the attention of the police.
    她的呼叫引起了警察的注意。
  23. Street accidents always draw crowds.
    街上发生的祸事总是引来围观者。
  24. The new film draws large audiences.
    那个新片吸引了大批观众。
  25. His challenge drew no reply.
    他的挑战没有引起应战。
  26. Honey draws flies.
    蜂蜜招蝇。
  27. 用于be ~ed结构
  28. The blueprint for the city was drawn by them.
    这个城市建设的蓝图是由他们设计的。
  29. I think the picture is very well drawn.
    我认为这幅画画得很好。
  30. The characters in Jane Austen's novel are well drawn.
    简·奥斯汀的小说里的人物描写得很好。
  31. The cart was drawn by two horses.
    这辆大车是由两匹马拉的。
  32. The cart was drawn by a fat, brown pony.
    马车由一匹肥壮的棕色小马拉着。
  33. The match was drawn.
    比赛不分胜负。
  34. The jury panel was drawn.
    陪审员名单通过抽签决定了。
  35. He was drawn by her soft voice.
    他被她温柔的声音所吸引。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
    用于be ~ed结构
  1. The strands of rubber were drawn to test their strength.
    橡皮条被拉紧以试验强度。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He will draw me a picture.
    他会为我画幅画的。
  2. Please draw me a map showing where your home is.
    请给我画一张图表示你家房子的所在位置。
  3. I drew him a map of the area.
    我给他画了一张地区的地图。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. He has drawn three pictures for the wall-newspaper.
    他为墙报画了三幅画。
  2. The bookkeeper drew a check for me.
    会计给我开了一张支票。
  3. Draw some tea for me.
    给我泡点茶。
  4. You should draw a good plan for the new term.
    你应该为新学期制定一个好计划。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. The sailors drew the two ships level.
    水手们使两条船并列行驶。
  2. When the boy said that he had seen a thousand wild ducks on the lake the day before, his father told him to draw it mild.
    当那个男孩说他前天在湖上看到上千只鸭子时,他爸爸叫他说话要有分寸,不要夸张。
  3. We expected to hear exciting things about his adventures, but he drew it mild and we were disappointed.
    我们都盼望着听到他的惊险经历,但他讲得平平淡淡,这使我们很失望。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. His speech was drawn too long.
    他的讲话拖得太长了。
S+~+ n./pron. +(to-) v
  1. Kindness and understanding will often draw a boy to unburden his conscience.
    仁爱和理解常常会使得孩子吐露真情。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. He came towards me with a drawn sword.
    他利剑出鞘,冲我而来。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He got two hearts on the first draw.
    第一次抽牌他拿到了两张红桃。
  2. A draw on the short end of the rope will release the knot.
    拉绳子的短头便可以把结解开。
  3. The visiting team had two wins and three draws.
    客队胜了两局,打平三局。
  4. The new singer is a big draw.
    这位新歌手很是吸引观众。
  5. He's a national treasure and our biggest tourist draw.
    他是我们的国宝,又是最吸引游客的人。
  6. A dog fight has a powerful draw for small boys.
    狗打架对小男孩有很强的吸引力。
  7. The Science Museum is always a big draw with youngsters.
    科学博物馆一直是十分吸引年轻人的地方。
  8. The new play is a great draw.
    这个新戏很叫座。
  9. He is always a good draw at public meetings.
    他在公众集会上是很引人注目的人物。
  10. I think our bargain-counter should be a real draw.
    我觉得咱们的廉价货陈列柜台应该是真正能吸引人们注意的。
  11. He took a deep draw on his pipe and tried again.
    他猛吸了一口烟,又试了起来。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
draw alongside( v.+adv. )
  1. 来到(车、船等)旁停下 come to rest next to (sth such as a ship) draw alongside

    A police car drew alongside and signalled to me to stop.一辆警车开到我旁边并示意我停下来。

    A pilot boat drew alongside.一条领港船驶近船边。

    draw sth alongside

    Draw the ship alongside and we will help you aboard.过来停在船边,我们帮你上船。

draw apart( v.+adv. )
  1. 拉开(窗帘) open (curtains) draw sth ⇔ apart

    Can you draw the curtains apart?你能把窗帘拉开吗?

    Draw the curtains apart, and let in the sunlight.拉开窗帘,让阳光照进来。

    Draw the curtains apart, it is day now.拉开窗帘,现在是白天。

  2. 离开,分手; 不和 move, think, or live in separate ways draw apart

    After twelve years of marriage, they began to draw apart.结婚12年后,他们分开了。

    They used to be such good friends, but recently they have drawn apart.他们原来是非常要好的朋友,可是近来却反目不和了。

    The two political parties are drawing apart .两个政党开始不和了。

draw aside( v.+adv. )
  1. 带到一边,拉到一边 (cause to) move to one side

    Drawing the curtain aside, he looked down into the street. 他将窗帘拉到一边,俯视街道。

  2. 把某人叫到一边说悄悄话 take (sb) on one side for private conversation

    Try to draw the chairman aside after the meeting, and let him know our views. 会后设法把主席叫到一边,把我们的想法跟他说说。

    She drew the doctor aside to discuss her mother's health. 她把医生拉到一旁谈她母亲的健康状况。

    He drew me aside and whispered in my ear. 他把我拉到一旁,悄悄地对我说话。

    I drew her aside and told her the good news. 我把她拉到一边,告诉她那个好消息。

draw at( v.+prep. )
  1. 吸(烟斗) suck at or draw smoke through (usually a pipe) draw at sth

    He never stopped drawing at his pipe.他不停地抽着烟斗。

    Harold drew at his pipe while he considered what decision to make.哈罗德一边抽着烟斗一边考虑如何作出决定。

draw away( v.+adv. )
  1. (使)离开,移开 (cause to) move away draw away

    He began to draw away.他开始走开了。

    She drew away from him when he tried to kiss her.他想吻她时,她赶紧闪躲。

    The car drew away as we approached.当我们靠近时,这辆车开走了。

    The crowd cheered as the ship drew slowly away.当这艘船缓缓驶去时,人群中响起了欢呼声。

    draw sth ⇔ away

    She put her hand on his shoulder and then drew it away.她把手放在他肩上,然后又抽了回去。

    I quickly drew my hand away from the hot stove.我迅速把手从那灼热的炉子上移开。

  2. 在竞争中领先于他人或物 move ahead of sb/sth, as a competitor draw away

    The two were neck and neck up till the 500-metre mark, but after that John began to draw away from Bill.约翰和比尔两人跑到500米时还不分上下,但过了500米后,约翰便慢慢地把比尔甩到后面去了。

    The best runner was beginning to draw away .最优秀的赛跑者开始跑在前面与别人拉开距离。

    In this match he drew away.在这次比赛当中,他领先了。

    The faster car drew away.开得较快的那辆车领先了。

draw back( v.+adv. )
  1. (把…)向后拉开 pull (sth) back draw sth ⇔ back

    He drew back the curtain.他拉开窗帘。

    Drawing the sheet back, he could see that the man was dead.揭开单子后,他看出那人已经死了。

  2. 退缩,后退,缩手不干 move backwards or away draw back

    At the sight of the snake, the girl drew back.一看到蛇,那女孩就往后退缩。

    The crowd drew back and let the firemen through.人群向后退让消防人员过去。

    The children drew back from the dog when it barked at them.那只狗朝孩子们叫,他们就往后退。

    The dog didn't draw back at the sight of the strangers.这狗看到这些陌生人并不后退。

    The crowd drew back in terror as the building crashed to the ground.当那栋建筑物倒塌时,人们惊恐地往后退。

    The mouse drew back in terror as the cat sprang.当猫跳出来时,老鼠惊恐地往后退。

    Neither side can draw back from the agreement once the contract is signed.合同一旦签订,任何一方都不准反悔。

  3. 退到一边去 hold oneself at a distance draw back

    She has drawn back from us all and we don't know why.她避开我们大家,我们不知道是为什么。

  4. 收回,撤回(诺言等) be unwilling to fulfil (a promise) draw back

    It may already be too late to draw back.现在收回诺言或许为时太晚了。

    The firm drew back from its agreement and wanted to talk about a new contract.该公司撤销了协定,要求另行商定一个合同。

draw down( v.+adv. )
  1. 向下拉 pull (sth) downwards

    She drew down the curtains and turned the light on. 她拉下窗帘打开灯。

    Draw down the window coverings, the sunlight is too bright. 把窗子遮阳篷拉下来,太阳光太强了。

    He drew his hat down firmly over his eyes. 他把帽子使劲拉下来,牢牢遮住眼睛。

  2. 招来,惹起 attract; invite (sth bad)

    The boss's behaviour drew down a storm of protest from the workers. 老板的行为招致工人们的强烈反对。

    They seem to draw down ridicule on us. 他们似乎要使我们受到嘲笑。

    If you go on behaving like that, you'll draw down blame on our heads. 你如果还那么干的话,那就会给我们招来责备。

draw for( v.+prep. )
  1. 抽签决定谁将得到… decide who gets (sth/sb) by chance, as by choosing a card unseen or pulling pieces of paper out of a box draw for sb/sth

    Before we start the card game, let's draw for partners.打牌前,先让我们抽牌来选定伙伴。

    Let's draw for the right to drink first.我们抽签来决定谁有权第一个喝酒吧。

    Now it's time to draw for the big prize!现在该抽签决定大奖了!

    Many people came here and drew for the prize.许多人来这儿为获奖抽签。

draw forth( v.+adv. )
  1. 抽出(某物) pull out

    He drew forth his sword and ran towards the attacker. 他拔剑向攻击者冲去。

    The little boy cannot draw forth his book. 小男孩的书抽不出来了。

  2. 显示出; 引出,博得 cause (sth) to be seen or used

    Trouble can draw forth a person's best qualities. 困境可显出一个人最优秀的品质。

    The acrobats' performance drew forth applause from the audience. 杂技演员的表演博得了观众的掌声。

    Her beauty drew forth admiration from every man in the room. 她的美貌引来屋里每个男人的赞叹。

draw from( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 draw from通常不用于进行体。 draw sb/sth from sb/sth
  2. 根据(记忆、构想等)绘画,以…为依据、样板或原形塑造,复制… copy (sth/sb invented) from (sth); make a drawing from (an idea)

    The artist drew the scene from memory. 画家根据记忆画出了这个场面。

    The writer drew the stories from her own experience. 这位作家所描述的故事都来源于她个人的经历。

    They drew their house from that palace. 他们仿照那座宫殿建造他们的房子。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    All the characters in the story are drawn from life. 故事中所有的人物都取材于生活。

  3. 从(某处)取出 take (sth) out of (a supply or place)

    He drew a gun from his pocket and pointed it at me. 他从口袋里掏出枪对准我。

    He drew a sheaf of hundred-mark notes from his pocket. 他从口袋里掏出一捆100马克票面的钞票。

    I need to draw some more money from the bank. 我需要从银行再取些钱。

    I would like to draw $200 from my account. 我想从自己的账上支取200美元。

    Her performance as the dying dancer drew tears from the crowd. 她扮演那个将死去的舞蹈演员感动得大家流下了眼泪。

    How much water can you draw from the well in one bucket? 你一桶能从井里提多少水?

  4. 从…搞到 obtain (sth) from (sb)

    I think I can draw the things that I need from him. 我想我能从他那里得到我想要的东西。

    The police are trying to draw the truth from the prisoner. 警察正试图让犯人说出真相。

    We drew different conclusions from the facts. 从这些事实中我们得出不同结论。

    She drew inspiration from her childhood experiences. 她从童年的经历中吸取了灵感。

    The idea has drawn much criticism from both sides. 那主意招致双方的大量批评。

    What answer can you draw from the proofs that are offered? 你能从所提供的证据中得出什么答案来呢?

    What conclusion did you draw from your study? 你从研究中得出了什么结论?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    His income is drawn from several different businesses. 他的收入来自几种不同的买卖。

  5. 从…召集或选择 gather or choose (people) from (somewhere or a group)

    Farmers have to draw seasonal helpers from the unemployed. 农场主们只好从那些失业者中选雇短工。

    They drew the manpower from those people. 他们从这些人中召集劳动力。

    We draw our readers from all classes of society. 我们吸引了来自社会各阶层的读者。

    The course draws students from all over the country. 这一课程吸引了全国各地的学生。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Members of Parliament are drawn from all classes of society. 国会成员选自社会的各阶层。

    The children chosen to perform in the city concert have been drawn from schools all over the city. 在市音乐会上表演的孩子是从全市各个学校挑选出来的。

draw in( v.+adv. )
  1. 拉入,抽入(某物) pull (sth) in draw sth ⇔ in

    The snail drew in its feelers.蜗牛把触角缩了回去。

    Draw in a deep breath and let it out slowly.深吸一口气,再慢慢把它呼出来。

  2. 吸引 attract draw sb/sth ⇔ in

    His lecture yesterday drew in a large crowd.昨天他的演讲吸引了大批观众。

    His play is drawing in large crowds every night.他的戏每天晚上都吸引一大批观众。

    Her beauty drew in many men.她的美丽吸引了很多男人。

    The beautiful flowers drew in many bees.这些漂亮的花吸引了很多蜜蜂。

  3. (火车或汽车)到站,徐徐停下 (usually of a train or bus) arrive (in a station), slowing down to a stop draw in

    As I reached the ticket barrier, the Beijing train was just drawing in.我来到检票口时,北京来的火车正在徐徐进站。

  4. 移到路边 move to one side of the road draw in

    The car drew in when it was broken.当小汽车坏了的时候,它就停到了路边。

    draw sth ⇔ in 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The broken bus was drawn in.这辆坏了的公共汽车被移到了路边。

  5. (天)变黑 become dark draw in

    Hours passed and the day drew in.好几个小时过去了,天渐渐地黑下来了。

  6. (白昼)缩短 have fewer hours of daylight draw in

    The days begin to draw in after the summer solstice.夏至之后白天开始变短。

    In autumn the days begin to draw in.秋天到了,白天变短了。

    The days are drawing in now that it is autumn.现在是秋季了,白天一天天短起来。

  7. 收(债) collect (money owed) draw sth ⇔ in

    Next year the bank will draw in some of the money it has lent.明年银行将把一部分贷款收回来。

  8. 在(花钱)上节省,节省开支 be careful about (spending money) draw sth ⇔ in

    If prices continue to rise, we shall have to draw in our spending even further.如果物价继续上涨,我们必须缩减开支。

    I have spent all my income for the month and will have to draw in it.我已经把这个月的收入都花光了,我以后不得不节俭了。

draw into( v.+prep. )
  1. (火车或汽车)到站; 徐徐进站 (usually of a train or bus) arrive in a station, slowing down to a stop draw into sth

    The train is just drawing into the station; if we hurry we can catch it.火车进站了,要是走快点的话,我们会赶上的。

  2. 把…拉进,吸引进 encourage (sb) to join (sth); attract (sb/sth) into (sth) draw sb/sth into sth

    They drew me into the activity.他们把我也拉进了这场运动。

    It's your private quarrel, don't try to draw me into it.那是你们个人之间的争论,别把我扯进去。

    He drew her into the discussion.他拉她参加讨论。

    The funny story drew him into it.这个滑稽的故事吸引了他。

    The diaphragm draws air into the lungs.横膈膜向下运动让空气进入肺部。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    They were forced to be drawn into the fight.他们被迫卷入战斗。

    My brother was drawn into a fight outside the hotel.我弟弟被人拉到旅馆外面去打架。

    The lawyer refused to be drawn into such a shady case.这位律师拒绝卷入这样一起可疑的案子中去。

    Almost all the people were drawn into the patriotic health and sanitation campaign.几乎所有人都投入了爱国卫生运动。

draw near( v.+adv. )
  1. 靠近,临近 come closer

    As autumn draws near, leaves begin to fall from the trees. 秋天来了,树叶开始凋落。

    The car drew near so that I could see the people sitting inside. 汽车靠近了,所以我可以看清楚里面坐的人。

  2. 即将来临 be about to happen soon

    Night drew near. 夜幕降临了。

    As your birthday is drawing near, what would you like for a present? 你的生日快到了,你想要什么样的生日礼物呢?

    Their wedding day was drawing nearer. 他们的婚期越来越近了。

    Christmas was drawing near. 圣诞节临近了。

draw off( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 draw off通常不用于进行体。
  2. 脱去(紧身衣服等) pull (sth such as tight clothing) off draw sth ⇔ off

    Help me to draw off these muddy boots.帮我脱下这双粘满污泥的靴子。

    Draw off your gloves!脱掉手套!

    I want to draw off the clothes.我想脱掉这件衣服。

    May I draw off this clothes here?我能在这儿脱掉这件衣服吗?

  3. 排出,抽出(某物),拉走(某人) remove (sth/sb) draw sb/sth ⇔ off

    Quickly, draw off some hot water before the pipes burst.快,趁着管子还没迸裂,再排出些热水。

    He drew off a pint of beer from the barrel.他从酒桶里抽出一品脱啤酒。

    Doctors were able to draw off the matter which had collected near the wound.医生设法清除了积聚在伤口附近的东西。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The pressure inside one of the casks was building up and some liquid had to be drawn off.一只桶内的压力增大,必须放掉一些液体。

  4. (使)撤离,(使)后退 (cause to) move away draw off

    The soldiers drew off and waited for the next attack.战士们退下来等待着下一次进攻。

    The enemy drew off as soon as we made a show of superior strength.我们一显示出优势的兵力,敌人就撤退了。

    draw sth ⇔ off

    We have orders to draw off our forces.我们已接到命令撤走军队。

  5. 使转移掉 turn (sth) aside draw sth ⇔ off

    A sudden shout drew the policeman's attention off, and the prisoner escaped.突如其来的一声呼喊转移了警察的注意力,犯人趁机逃跑了。

draw on1( v.+adv. )
  1. 穿上(紧身衣服等),戴上 pull (sth such as tight clothing) on draw sth ⇔ on

    He quickly drew on his football shoes and rushed to the ground.他迅速穿上球鞋奔向球场。

    Help me to draw on these boots, they're very tight.帮我穿上这双靴子,它们太紧了。

    The man drew on his trousers hurriedly.那人匆匆穿上裤子。

  2. 渐渐来临 come near in time, gradually draw on

    It grew colder as night drew on.随着夜晚临近,天气越来越冷了。

    As midnight drew on, the party became more boisterous.随着午夜的临近,参加宴会的人变得更加喧闹。

    As winter drew on, we felt the lack of an efficient way of heating the house.冬天快到了,我们的房子尚无有效的取暖方法。

  3. 鼓励,鼓动(某人) encourage (sb), as to talk, move, act, etc. draw sb/sth on

    The feeling that he was near his destination drew him on.他感到目标接近,这鼓舞着他继续向前。

    Her refusal only drew her lover on.她的拒绝只能促使其恋人继续追求她。

    They drew the poor child on with false promises.他们以虚假的许诺来鼓动那个可怜的孩子。

    Try to draw the animals on so that they fall into the trap.想法引诱一下这些动物以使他们落入陷阱。

draw on2〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
  1. 在(某物)上绘画 make a drawing on (material) draw on〔upon〕 sth

    You cannot draw on the wall.你不能在墙上画。

    He was drawing on the window of the bus with his finger.他用手指在公共汽车的窗户上画着。

    Children like drawing on large sheets of paper.孩子们喜欢在大张纸上画画。

    The little boy is drawing upon the table.这个小男孩正在桌子上乱画。

    draw sth on〔upon〕 sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    All the pictures were drawn on the blackboard.所有的画都画在了黑板上。

    The plans were drawn upon the back of an envelope.几个方案都画在信封的背面。

  2. 凭,使用… make use of (sth such as money or thoughts) draw on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    I shall have to draw on the money I have saved to pay for the holiday.我不得不动用我存的钱来支付度假的费用。

    We draw on her experience throughout the project.我们这一项目自始至终都借用她的经验。

    A writer has to draw upon his imagination and experience.一个作家必须利用他的想象力和个人经历。

  3. 从…取 take from (sb or an account) draw on〔upon〕 sb

    Feel free to draw on me for anything you need.你需要什么就尽管从我这儿拿好了。

    Draw upon me if you need.如果需要的话就从我这儿拿。

  4. (在赛马中)赶上,接近(其他竞争对手) (especially in horseracing) reach; begin to come level with (another competitor) draw on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    He would not draw on his teacher forever.他永远也赶不上他的老师。

    Black Prince is beginning to draw upon the leading horse.“黑王子”正开始接近那匹领头的马。

draw out( v.+adv. )
  1. 掏出,取出,拔出 take (sth) out draw sth ⇔ out

    He drew out his notebook and began to take notes.他掏出笔记本开始记笔记。

    He put his hand in the drawer, and drew out a gun.他把手伸到抽屉里,拿出了一支手枪。

    She put her hand in her pocket and drew out her wallet.她把手放进了口袋,掏出了钱包。

    I drew out my savings before the summer holidays began.暑假开始之前,我取出存款。

    I shall have to draw out some more money to pay for that new television set.为了买那台新电视机,我得再从银行取出些钱来。

  2. 拉长 stretch (sth) draw sth ⇔ out

    The child drew out the piece of elastic till it measured a yard.这个孩子把松紧带拉到一码长。

    He heated the metal and drew it out into a long wire.他将那金属加热并将其拉长成为金属线。

  3. 拖延 lengthen (sth) draw sth ⇔ out

    The politician drew out his speech to almost two hours.这个政治家的讲演拖延了近两个小时。

    He drew his speech out until everyone was bored.他把讲话时间拖延了,大家都很厌烦。

    She drew the interview out to over an hour.她把采访拖得超过了一个小时。

    They didn't want to draw the battle out.他们不想使战事拖延。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The discussion was long drawn out.讨论拖延了很长时间。

    The battle was long drawn out.这场战争拖延已久。

    The time has been drawn out.时间被拖延了下来。

  4. (白昼)变长 (of days that follow each other) have more hours of daylight draw out

    The days begin to draw out after the winter solstice.冬至以后,白天渐渐变长。

    The days are drawing out now that it is spring.春天到了,白天一天天长起来。

    Thank goodness the days are drawing out again,I'm so sick of the winter.谢天谢地,白天又越来越长了,我太讨厌冬天了。

  5. (使)离开 (cause to) leave draw out of sth

    When all the passengers were on board, the train drew out of the station.当所有的旅客都上车后,火车驶离了车站。

    The train drew out of the station.火车缓缓开出车站。

    The last train was drawing out of the station as I ran into the station.我跑进站的时候,最后一班火车正在离站。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    British forces will be drawn out of the troubled area.英国军队将撤离这个动乱地区。

  6. 驶出车辆行列 move across traffic draw out

    Suddenly the car in front of us drew out and nearly caused an accident.我们前面的小汽车突然横穿了出来,险些造成车祸。

    There are two cars drawing out.有两辆汽车驶出了车辆行列。

  7. 提供大意 show the general idea of (sth) draw sth ⇔ out

    The committee drew out a plan for the reorganization, without showing any details.委员会只提供了改组计划的大意,没有细加说明。

  8. 诱发,引出或暴露(某事物) develop; cause (sth) to be seen or known draw sth ⇔ out

    Plenty of money often draws out the worst in people.太多的钱财往往会暴露出一个人的致命弱点。

  9. 鼓励(某人)(尤指说话) encourage (sb), especially to talk draw sb ⇔ out

    Mary is very quiet; try to draw her out at the party.玛丽沉默寡言,想法鼓励她在聚会上开口说几句话。

    She's very shy but he managed to draw her out.她很怕羞,但他还是鼓励她开口说话。

    He had told her funny stories; he had drawn her out, he had made her laugh.他给她讲了许多有趣的故事,他使她不再沉默了,他使她笑了起来。

  10. 通过谈话了解到(某情况) get (sth) by talking draw sb/sth ⇔ out

    He has many interesting stories of his travels if you can draw him out.如果你能说动他,他有许多关于他旅行的故事讲给你听。

    I was able to draw his story out of him by patient questioning.经过耐心的询问,我才了解到他的经历。

    They managed to draw him out from him a full account of his escape from captivity.他们设法让他详述了他是怎样在囚禁后逃出来的。

  11. 从银行提(款) take (money) from a bank account draw sth ⇔ out

    I shall have to draw out some more money to pay all these people.我不得不再多支些钱给所有这些人发工资。

draw over( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…覆盖在…上 pull (sth) over (sth/sb) draw sth over sb/sth

    Draw a sheet over the dead body.用张床单把死尸盖上。

    He drew the paper over the money.他把纸盖在钱上。

    She drew a cover over the typewriter.她拿过套子将打字机套住。

    The trees drew the leaves over the earth.树叶落了一地。

draw to1( v.+adv. )
  1. 拉上(窗帘) close (curtains) draw sth to

    Will you draw the curtains to, the light is hurting my eyes.请拉上窗帘,光线刺得我眼睛疼。

    Why not draw the curtains to?为什么不把窗帘拉上呢?

    Wind blew into the room when he drew the curtains to.当他拉开窗帘的时候,风吹进了屋里。

draw to2( v.+prep. )
  1. 使(某人)对…感兴趣 attract (sb) towards (sb/sth)

    He has something in his character that draws people to him. 他的性格有些引人的地方。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    They could never see the two of us in conversation without being drawn to us to demand what we were discussing. 每看到我们俩在一起谈话时,他们总是很感兴趣地问我们在谈论什么。

    His gaze was drawn to the car. 他的目光被那辆车吸引住了。

    I felt drawn to this mysterious stranger. 这个神秘的陌生人引起了我的注意。

  2. 把…拉到…旁 pull sth beside sth

    I drew a chair to the table. 我把椅子拉到桌旁。

draw together( v.+adv. )
  1. (使)相遇或接近 (cause to) meet or come closer draw together

    The two cars drew too near together, and crashed.这两辆小汽车靠得太近,所以相撞了。

    The two boys look just like one and they always draw together.这两个男孩长得很像,而且他们总是走得很近。

    draw sb ⇔ together 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The man and woman were drawn together by an interest in poetry.对诗歌的共同兴趣使这一对男女关系更加密切。

draw up( v.+adv. )
  1. 将(某物)拉上前 pull (sth) forward draw sth ⇔ up

    Draw up a chair, and join the conversation.拉把椅子过来,加入我们的谈话。

    Draw up a table, there are too many things.再拉张桌子过来,这儿的东西太多了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The boat was drawn up on the shore.小船被拉上了岸。

  2. 折叠(某物); 拆除(某物) fold (sth); put (sth) out of the way draw sth ⇔ up

    She sat on the floor with her legs drawn up.她盘着腿坐在地板上。

    It seems that he is drawing up something.他好像在折叠什么东西。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The bridge is drawn up, we cannot cross the river.桥已被拆除,我们不能过河了。

  3. 排好队伍,使整队 place (sb/sth) in prepared order draw sb/sth ⇔ up

    Draw up the lines and welcome the new teacher.排好队欢迎新老师。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The soldiers were drawn up in battle lines.士兵们排好了作战队形。

    The royal carriage was drawn up outside the palace, ready for the Queen's journey.皇家马车已备好停在宫殿的外边,等候王后的外出。

  4. (车辆)(使)停下 (of a vehicle) (cause to) stop draw up

    A police car drew up just as the robbers left the bank.强盗们正要离开银行时,一辆警车停了下来。

    A taxi drew up and our boss got out.出租车停了下来,我们的老板走了下来。

    The car drew up at the door.小车在门口停了下来。

    We saw a truck drawing up to our building.我们看到一辆卡车开到我们楼前停住。

    The car drew up to me and three men got out.汽车开到我身边停下了,有三个人下了车。

    The car drew up at the traffic lights.见到交通灯的信号,车子停了下来。

    His car drew up before the oil-filling station.他把车停在加油站前面。

    draw sth ⇔ up

    The driver drew the horses up only just in time to avoid hitting the child.赶车人及时勒住马,没撞着小孩。

    She drew up her horse at the top of the hill.她在小山顶上突然把马勒住。

  5. 使(自己)挺直身子 make (oneself) stand straight, often proudly draw (oneself) up

    He drew himself up and walked to the platform.他挺直了身子走向讲台。

    Draw yourself up if you think you are right.如果你认为你是正确的,那就挺直腰杆。

  6. 草拟,拟订(计划、契约等) form; prepare; write (sth) draw sth ⇔ up

    Has your lawyer drawn up the contract yet?你的律师把契约写好了没有?

    Draw up a list of the guests for the dinner.把来参加宴会的客人列一个单子。

    We drew up a list of things we required.我们把所需要的东西列了一个单子。

    We drew up an outline for the study of this book.我们起草了学习这本书的提纲。

    They are drawing up a plan for the building of a big reservoir.他们正在拟订修建一个大水库的计划。

    The general has drawn up a plan to defeat the enemy.将军已拟好击溃敌人的计划。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A new will has been drawn up.新的遗嘱已拟好了。

用作名词 (n.)
be fast〔quick〕 on the draw
  1. 思维敏捷 (the mind) clear

    The debater was fast on the draw. 辩论者思维敏捷。

    When she was interviewed, she was very fast on the draw. 她接受采访时,对提问反应迅速。

  2. 拔枪快 quick at pulling out a hand gun

    The gunman was fast on the draw. 枪手拔枪快。

beat to the draw
  1. 抢在…之前 do sth before sb beat sb to the draw

    They beat us to the draw by signing up our potential singing star.他们抢先同我们有希望的歌星签了合同。

    John was going to apply for the job, but Ted beat him to the draw.约翰准备申请那个工作,可特德却抢在了前面。

    We'll have to decide now whether we want this house or someone else will beat us to the draw.我们必须现在决定是否要这栋房子,否则别人会抢先行动。

    The unexpected sale beat the competition to the draw by two days.这场突如其来的大拍卖比竞争对手提前了两天。

    I beat him to the draw and shot him in the leg.我先开枪,击中了他的腿部。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The first draw of the day was in Flamborough, where a fox was killed.

    出自:Abingdon Herald
  • He drew a Paper of Verses out of his Pocket.

    出自:Addison
  • I..drew my hat over my face.

    出自:F. Burney
  • Josef..drew the string on which the revolver dangled a couple of inches higher.

    出自:G. Greene
  • He took her wrist and drew her into the street.

    出自:I. McEwan
  • Wilfrid..drew himself erect.

    出自:refl.

draw的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. draw的基本意思有二:一是“画”; 二是“拉”。作“画”解时指用铅笔、蜡笔、粉笔等画素描、画线、画地图等。引申可指“描绘”,也可指“划清是非界限”。draw的第二个意思是“拉”,指连续地、平稳地、从容地、和缓地拉向用力者或向前拉或拖。引申则可指“拔出”“取出”“抽出”“提取”“汲取”“领取”“引起”“吸引”或“推断出”等。
  2. draw还可表示“打成平局”,指游戏、表演、打仗时对手双方所用的技巧相同,很难决定胜负。
  3. draw可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时后接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语,还可接以形容词或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。作不及物动词时,其主动形式可具有被动意义。
  4. draw的过去分词drawn可用作形容词,在句中作表语或定语。
n.(名词)
  1. draw用作名词时意思是“抽奖,抽签”,指在众多的选择中任意抽出一个来决定某一件事情或决定一个奖项。draw还可指在一场比赛中,没能分出胜负,即“平局”。用于比喻, draw还可指“有吸引力的人或事物”,指某人或某事对他人充满了诱惑力。draw还可指“吸烟”。
  2. draw作“抽奖,抽签”解时,通常用作单数。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
draw, drag, pull
这三个词的共同意思是“拉,拖”。其区别是:
首先, draw和pull都指拉向动作者,而drag则指拖向另一地; 其次, drag所拖之物一般较重, pull多为一时突然的动作,而draw则显得从容。例如:
  • He drew me to himself.
  • 他把我拉到他身边。
  • He dragged the piano to the corner of the room.
  • 他使劲地把钢琴拖向房间的角落。
  • He pulled the door open and rushed out.
  • 他把门拉开,冲了出去。
draw, paint
这两个词都表示“画画”。其区别是:
draw多指用铅笔画素描类画; 而paint常指用色彩画水彩画或油画。
draw out, drag out
两者都可作“使…拖得很长”解。drag out侧重于时间的拉长; 而draw out侧重于把事物本身拉长; draw out还有“汲取,草拟”的意思。
下面两句意思相同:
  • He drew a cat.
  • He drew a picture of cat.
  • 他画了一只猫。
drag draw pull haul tug tow jerk
这些动词都有“拖、拉”之意。
  • drag:drag指沿斜坡而上或水平方向缓慢地拖或拉十分沉重的人或物。作借喻时可指把人硬拉过来。
  • draw:draw指将人或物朝出力者的方向拖,不涉及力的大小,含平稳意味,常作借喻用。
  • pull:pull最普通用词,包含本组其它各词的一些意思,可指朝各个方向拉,侧重一时或突然拉动的动作。
  • haul:haul指用力拖或拉,不涉及方向,多作航海用词。
  • tug:tug多指一阵阵地用力拖或拉,但不一定使被拉的人或物移动。
  • tow:tow特指用绳子或链条等拖或拉本身无动力或无法使用自身动力的东西。
  • jerk:jerk指快而突然地拉。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 这位画家给我们画了一些画。

    The artist drew some pictures to us.

    The artist drew some pictures for us.

    draw后的双宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语,但不可以转化为介词to的宾语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的dragan,意为拖,抓;最初源自原始日耳语曼的dhragh,意为划线,画图形。

draw的相关资料:

正版词典

draw : 拉,拖;拉 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

draw的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • draw:draw v. 拉, 曳, 牵, 画, 绘制, 拖曳vt. 汲取, 领取, 提取, 引起, 吸引vi. 向...移动, 挨近n. 平局, 和局, 拖曳 英英解释:名词draw:1. a gully t…

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