roll

  基本词汇  
[rəʊl]     [roʊl]    
  • n. 卷;滚动;名单;压路机;颤音;圆形物,面包卷
  • v. 摇摆;滚;绕;转动;展开
rolled rolled rolling rolls
new

roll的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 隆隆声
  2. 滚动,打滚,滚翻
  3. 名单,名册
  4. 面包卷,卷饼,卷状物
  5. 擂鼓声
  6. 左右摇晃
  7. 卷轴
  8. <美>一卷钞票,钱
  9. 振荡
  10. 脂肪堆积的部位,肥胖的部位
  11. 翻跟头
v. (动词)
  1. 发出隆隆声
  2. 起伏
  3. 转动
  4. 行驶
  5. 流逝
  6. 啭鸣
  7. 伸展
  8. (使)滚动,(使)打滚,滚
  9. 运转
  10. 蜷缩
  11. 旋转
  12. 用车载运
  13. (话语)滔滔不绝
  14. 卷,绕
  15. 辗,轧
  16. 掷(骰子)
  17. 擂(鼓)
  18. 左右摇晃、摇摆
  19. 翻滚,翻转
  20. 原地打转,原地转圈
  21. 翻身
  22. 使…成球状,把…卷成筒状
  23. 把(衣服的边)卷起来
  24. 使平坦,压平
  25. 覆盖
  26. 包裹
  27. 发出持续的声音
  28. 启动,开动,开始工作
  29. 非常富有,腰缠万贯,财源滚滚

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)打滚,(使)转动,滚动 turn over and over or from side to side, or move by doing this; move steadily and smoothly along (as if) on wheels; move or cause (the eyes) to move round and round
  2. vt. & vi. 卷,把…卷成筒状 form into a tube or other (stated) shape by curling round and round
  3. vt. 碾平 make sth flat by moving sth heavy on top of it
n. (名词)
  1. [C]一卷 a piece of flat material that has been rolled into a tube
  2. [C]面包卷,圆面包 a small loaf for one person, either long or round
  3. [C]名册 an official list of names
  4. [C]打滚,滚动 an act of rolling, a rolling movement, over and over or from side to side

英英释义

Noun:
  1. rotary motion of an object around its own axis;

    "wheels in axial rotation"

  2. a list of names;

    "his name was struck off the rolls"

  3. a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore

  4. photographic film rolled up inside a container to protect it from light

  5. a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals)

  6. a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.);

    "he shot his roll on a bob-tailed nag"

  7. small rounded bread either plain or sweet

  8. a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells)

  9. the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously

  10. a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)

  11. anything rolled up in cylindrical form

  12. the act of throwing dice

  13. walking with a swaying gait

  14. a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude

  15. the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling)

Verb:
  1. move by turning over or rotating;

    "The child rolled down the hill"
    "turn over on your left side"

  2. move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle;

    "The President's convoy rolled past the crowds"

  3. occur in soft rounded shapes;

    "The hills rolled past"

  4. flatten or spread with a roller;

    "roll out the paper"

  5. emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating sound;

    "The thunder rolled"
    "rolling drums"

  6. arrange or or coil around;

    "roll your hair around your finger"
    "Twine the thread around the spool"
    "She wrapped her arms around the child"

  7. begin operating or running;

    "The cameras were rolling"
    "The presses are already rolling"

  8. shape by rolling;

    "roll a cigarette"

  9. execute a roll, in tumbling;

    "The gymnasts rolled and jumped"

  10. sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity

  11. move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion;

    "The curtains undulated"
    "the waves rolled towards the beach"

  12. move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;

    "The gypsies roamed the woods"
    "roving vagabonds"
    "the wandering Jew"
    "The cattle roam across the prairie"
    "the laborers drift from one town to the next"
    "They rolled from town to town"

  13. move, rock, or sway from side to side;

    "The ship rolled on the heavy seas"

  14. cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as if on an axis;

    "She rolled the ball"
    "They rolled their eyes at his words"

  15. pronounce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/;

    "She rolls her r's"

  16. boil vigorously;

    "The liquid was seething"
    "The water rolled"

  17. take the shape of a roll or cylinder;

    "the carpet rolled out"
    "Yarn rolls well"

  18. show certain properties when being rolled;

    "The carpet rolls unevenly"
    "dried-out tobacco rolls badly"

roll的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Love comes quick and passes away quick too. Only the pork roll will go on.
    爱情来得快去得也快,只有猪肉卷才是永恒的。
  2. The desk calculator use a roll of paper.
    这台台式计算机使用卷纸。
  3. A ball can roll smoothly on a plane.
    球可以在水平面上流畅地滚动。
  4. Merlin tried different ways to make himself roll.
    莫林试了很多不同的方式,想让自己滚动起来。
  5. The platoon mustered for roll call.
    全排集合点名。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The ship was rolling heavily to and fro.
    那船晃来晃去很不平稳。
  2. The dog rolled on the floor.
    狗在地板上打滚。
  3. You should roll the wool into a ball before you start knitting.
    你应当在织毛活儿以前先把毛线绕成线球。
  4. Jeanie would roll the pearl necklace around her fingers.
    珍琳妮会把项链绕在手指上的。
  5. The ailerons are moved in opposite senses to make the plane roll.
    副翼向相反的方向转动就会使得飞机翻滚。
  6. When in the SAF-t in parts of coloured ink, swivel hinge-drum, view the SAF-t and the hinge-clip roll coloring.
    调整时,在折刀的刀刃部位涂上油墨,转动折页滚筒,查看折刀和折页夹辊的着色情况。
  7. Roll out the map so that we can all see it.
    将地图展开,好让我们都看见。
  8. Create data-driven subscriptions that roll out reports to a large recipient list.
    创建可以将报表展开为大型收件人列表的数据驱动订阅。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Round things roll easily.
    圆的东西容易滚动。
  2. The wire rolled easily.
    这种金属线便于卷绕。
  3. The tennis courts rolled easily after the shower.
    阵雨后网球场容易碾平。
  4. The drums rolled.
    鼓声隆隆。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The child was rolling a hoop.
    那个孩子在滚铁环。
  2. A river rolls the stones along its bed.
    流水把河床里的石头冲得翻滚而下。
  3. We rolled a big snowball.
    我们滚了个大雪球。
  4. He was rolling something in his fingers.
    他用手指反复捻动什么东西。
  5. He rolled some tobacco and made a cigarette.
    他把烟丝裹起来,卷成一根纸烟。
  6. They were rolling the road.
    他们正在碾压道路。
  7. Roll the ball to me.
    把球滚给我。
  8. 1
  9. Last October the first batch of low-alloy channel steel was successfully rolled.
    去年10月,成功轧出第一批低合金槽钢。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Please roll me a cigarette.
    请替我卷一支烟。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. Please roll a cigarette for me.
    请替我卷一支烟。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + n./adj.
  1. Roll the pastry flat!
    把油酥面团擀平!
  2. Roll the road surface flat!
    把路面碾平!
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Wallpaper is bought in rolls.
    壁纸是成卷买的。
  2. Six brown rolls, please.
    请给我来6个黑面包。
  3. His name has been on the roll of the club for ten years.
    十年来,他一直是该俱乐部的成员。
  4. He regularly attends church and is on the parish roll.
    他定期去做礼拜,是教区的一名教徒。
  5. The school principal announced the honor roll list.
    校长宣布了优等生名单。
  6. Our dog loves a roll on the grass.
    我们的狗喜爱在草地上打滚。
  7. We felt the train begin to vibrate with the roll of wheel along the track.
    随着车轮在轨道上的滚动,我们感到火车震动起来了。
  8. A drum roll preceded the most dangerous part of the performance.
    演出快进行到最惊险的部分时响起了咚咚的鼓声。
  9. We heard the distant roll of the big guns.
    我们听到远处的隆隆的大炮声。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
roll across (v.+prep.)
    在…中翻腾 seethe across
    roll across sth

    Dark clouds rolled across the skies.

    乌云在天空中翻腾。

roll along1 (v.+adv.)
    滚滚向前 turn forwards
    roll along

    Like the Mississippi, it just keeps rolling along.

    就像密西西比河河水一样,它不断地滚滚向前。

    The automobile rolled along.

    汽车驶向前去。

    We were rolling along merrily when suddenly we had a burst tyre.

    我们正高高兴兴地坐着车子前进,一下子车胎爆了。

roll along2 (v.+prep.)
    沿…滚动 turn upside down or inside out along sth
    roll sth along sth

    That boy rolled the ball along the ground.

    那孩子在地上滚球。

roll at (v.+prep.)
    (眼睛)盯着…打转 fix one's eyes on sb
    roll at sb

    His eyes rolled strangely at me.

    他的眼珠奇怪地盯着我打转。

roll away (v.+adv.)
    消散 scatter and disappear
    roll away

    The clouds are rolling away.

    云彩消散开去。

    roll sth ⇔ away

    The sun soon rolled the mist away.

    太阳很快驱散了薄雾。

roll back (v.+adv.)
    使退却; 击退 cause to retreat or withdraw; push back
    roll back

    The ball rolled back.

    球滚回来了。

    roll sth ⇔ back

    Let's roll back the carpet and have a dance.

    让我们卷起地毯来跳舞。

    I think it would look better if you rolled the hair back from your face.

    我想你把前面的头发卷起来会更好看些。

    roll sth ⇔ back

    The authorities took measures to roll commodity price back.

    当局采取措施使物价全面回降。

    The firm is on trial for refusing to roll back its pay increases to the level allowed by law.

    公司因拒绝将工资增额压低到法定水平而受审。

    roll sb/sth ⇔ back

    They have rolled back the invading enemy force.

    他们已击退入侵的敌人。

    The new administration is confident of rolling back the tide of unrest which is sweeping the country.

    新的行政当局对平息席卷全国的动乱充满信心。

roll by (v.+adv.)
    流逝 go steadily past
    roll by

    The years rolled by.

    岁月流逝。

    Centuries rolled by.

    几个世纪过去了。

roll down (v.+prep.)
    (使)滚下 (cause to) move along on wheels or by turning over and over
    roll down sth

    At the moment heavy rocks and stones rolled down the hillside.

    这时,沉重的石块沿着山坡滚了下来。

    She could not help her tears of gratitude rolling down her face.

    她感激的泪珠禁不住沿着面颊流了下来。

roll in1 (v.+adv.)
    滚滚而来 move or come in or together in large numbers or quantities
    roll in

    The waves rolled in to the beach.

    波浪滚滚涌上海滩。

    The fog rolled in from the water.

    雾气滚滚涌出水面。

    Delegates rolled in from all parts of the country.

    代表们从国家的四面八方来到这里。

    When they were in need of certain new farming implements, offers of help rolled in from all the nearby factories.

    当他们需要某些新农具时,附近各工厂的支援便源源而来。

roll in2 (v.+prep.)
    拥有大量(钱财) have plenty of (money)
    roll in sth

    She is rolling in money.

    她非常有钱。

    Why do they want this?They're rolling in dollars.

    他们要这干吗?他们有的是美元。

roll into (v.+prep.)
    (使)滚进 (cause to) move along on wheels or by turning over and over into sth
    roll into sth

    The ball rolled into the hole.

    球滚到洞里去了。

    The ocean waves rolled into the shore.

    波浪卷向海岸。

    roll sth into sth

    The man rolled the barrel into the yard.

    那个人把圆桶滚进院中。

    He rolled the clay into a ball.

    他用双手把泥坯滚成一个球。

roll off (v.+adv.)
    印出; 复印出 print by passing paper etc.
    roll sth ⇔ off

    Books roll off the printing machine at the rate of two a week.

    书籍以一星期两本的速率从印刷机印出。

    A couple of dozen prints were rolled off in no time.

    一下子就印好了几十张图片。

roll on (v.+adv.)
    滚滚向前,飞驰 move forward steadily and continuously
    roll on

    The Yangtze River rolls on eastwards.

    长江滚滚向东流。

    Our lorry rolled on through the morning wind.

    我们的卡车迎着晨风向前奔驰。

    Time rolls on, waiting for no man.

    时光流逝不待人。

    The wheel of history rolls on.

    历史的车轮滚滚向前。

roll onto (v.+prep.)
    滚上 turn over sth on sth
    roll sth onto sth

    We rolled the barrels of oil onto the ship.

    我们把油桶滚到船上。

roll out (v.+adv.)
    滚了出来 seethe out
    roll sth ⇔ out

    They rolled out the red carpet for the guests.

    他们铺开红地毯迎接客人。

    Spread some flour on the table and roll the pastry out very thin.

    在桌上撒些面粉并把面皮弄得薄一点。

    roll out

    The speech rolled out from his lips.

    他滔滔不绝地演讲。

    roll sth ⇔ out

    He rolled out the words, so that everyone could hear.

    他声音洪亮,因此每个人都能听见。

    roll out

    I rolled out about three o'clock in the morning to ride guard till daylight.

    我凌晨三点左右起床,一直站岗到天亮。

    roll out

    A pot fell over and some stones rolled out.

    一个罐子倒了,一些石子滚了出来。

roll over (v.+adv.)
    从(边上)滚下; (使)翻滚,(使)打滚 rotate and fall over (an edge); turn completely or partially over
    roll over

    The car hit a lamppost and rolled over twice before coming to a stop.

    那辆汽车撞在电灯杆上,翻了两个滚儿才停住。

    Every time I rolled over,I woke up because I put my weight on my wounded knee.

    每次翻身我都要醒来,因为压住了受伤的膝部。

    My horse fell and rolled over on me.

    我的马倒下来滚在我身上。

    roll sb/sth ⇔ over

    A bicycle hit me and rolled me over.

    一辆自行车把我撞了个跟头。

    The policeman rolled the body over to look for the missing gun.

    警察把尸体翻过来,寻找失踪的手枪。

roll round1 (v.+adv.)
    转动; 循环 spin on or as if on an axis
    roll round

    The globe is rolling round all the time.

    地球一直在转动。

    Spring rolled round again.

    春天又来了。

roll round2 (v.+prep.)
    把…裹在…上 wrap sth on sb
    roll sth round sb/sth

    He rolled the sheet round her.

    他把床单裹在她身上。

roll up (v.+adv.)
    大量积累 acquire or increase by successive accumulation
    roll sb/oneself/sth ⇔ up

    Rolling up his trousers, he worked with the others in the fields.

    他卷起裤腿,和别人一道在田里干了起来。

    He rolled the picture up in some paper.

    他用一些纸把画裹了起来。

    Let's roll up the carpet.

    咱们来把地毯卷起来。

    He rolled his clothes up to make a pillow.

    他把衣服卷起来当枕头。

    His father took the painting out from the frame and rolled it up for storage.

    他父亲将那幅画从画框里取出,卷好后收藏起来了。

    They rolled the child up in a blanket.

    他们用毯子把孩子裹了起来。

    She rolled herself up in the blankets.

    她把自己裹在毛毯中。

    roll up

    We rolled up to the front porch.

    我们坐车抵达前门廊。

    Roll up and see the lions.

    大家过来看狮子吧!

    Roll up and see the sights!

    大家过来观看景色吧!

    Roll up, roll up!See the great magician perform his famous tricks!

    请进,请进!请来观看魔术大师表演他的拿手好戏!

    Curious sightseers rolled up in their hundreds.

    数以百计的好奇的观光客都涌到那儿。

    roll up

    His debts were rolling up.

    他债台高筑。

    Club membership has been rolling up for the past few months.

    在过去的几个月里俱乐部的成员一直在增加。

    roll sth ⇔ up

    He rolled up a huge fortune.

    他积累起大笔财产。

roll with (v.+prep.)
    因…而转动 seethe because of sth
    roll with sth

    His eyes were rolling with fear.

    他的双眼因害怕而转动着。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Poured..milk into his tea and ate a buttered roll.

    出自: B. Malamud
  • The drums..played a murderously fast roll.

    出自: S. T. Felstead
  • The house shook..after a long roll of thunder.

    出自: E. Welty
  • She wasn't rolling about in the gutter with a bottle of meths.

    出自: B. Bainbridge
  • As the..car slid sideways, she thought..it would roll.

    出自: P. Carey
  • She rolled over in the still water.

    出自: S. Cooper
  • She liked her baby to have..liberty to roll around.

    出自: M. Forster

roll的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. roll的基本意思是“滚动”,指一个物体(如圆柱体)在另一物体接触面上不断移动; 引申可表示“卷”“把…卷成筒状”“碾平”等; 在非正式英语中,可指岁月“流逝”,时间不知不觉地“度过”等。
  2. roll既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化成介词for的宾语,有时还可接由形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
n. (名词)
  1. roll是可数名词,基本意思是“卷状物”,指成卷状的物品。引申可指“打滚,滚动”“摇晃”,还可指“名册”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
roll, catalogue, list, table
  • 这几个词都有“表”“单”“册”的意思。其区别在于:catalogue是按字母顺序或其他方法排列的;而list则仅指列表,有时不必有严格的顺序;roll指人的花名册,尤指属于团体或军事单位的全体人员名册;table指便于迅速查阅的目录、表格。例如:
  • This is the list of the people who are going to the picnic.这是打算参加野炊的人员名单。
  • The teacher read the roll of graduates.教师宣读毕业生名单。
  • Find Volume 3 by reading in the table of contents.看着目录,找到第3卷。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的rolle,意为羊皮卷;最初源自中世纪拉丁语的rotulus,意为一卷纸。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史