air

  基本词汇  
[eə(r)]     [er]    
  • n. 空气;天空;空中;感觉;神态;曲调;装腔作势
  • v. 晾干;使通风;广播
aired aired airing airs
new

air的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 空中,天空
  2. 空气
  3. 大气
  4. 神态
  5. 样子
  6. 曲调
  7. 摆架子,装腔作势,做作的样子
  8. 气氛,气派
  9. 【音】主调
  10. <罕>微风
  11. 感觉,印象
  12. 欢天喜地,得意洋洋
  13. 航空;飞机,空军(指人员和装备),航空兵
  14. 媒介,广播
  15. <美口>空调设备,空调系统
v. (动词)
  1. 晾,晾干,烘干,烤干,风干
  2. 播送
  3. 发表,公开发表,宣扬,表达
  4. 炫耀,显示,夸示
  5. <美>广播,播出
  6. 透风,通风,通气;使通风
  7. 散步,兜风
  8. 吹风
  9. 使换气,透气
  10. 给…装置通风设备
adv. (副词)
  1. 早,不久

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]天空,大气,空气 the sky or space above the ground; atmosphere
  2. [U]空中 the earth's atmosphere as the place where aircraft fly
  3. [C]曲调,歌曲,旋律 music; tune; melody
  4. [C]样子,神态,姿态 appearance; manner
  5. [C]微风 light wind
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 晾晒,烘干 dry (clothing, bedding, etc.) in the open air or in a warm place
  2. vt. (使)房间通风,换空气 (cause to) become fresh by letting in air
  3. vt. 发表,倾诉,炫耀 make public (opinions, complains, etc.), especially in a noisy manner
  4. vt. & vi. 播送,广播 broadcast

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;

    "air pollution"
    "a smell of chemicals in the air"
    "open a window and let in some air"
    "I need some fresh air"

  2. the region above the ground;

    "her hand stopped in mid air"
    "he threw the ball into the air"

  3. a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing;

    "an air of mystery"
    "the house had a neglected air"
    "an atmosphere of defeat pervaded the candidate's headquarters"
    "the place had an aura of romance"

  4. a slight wind (usually refreshing);

    "the breeze was cooled by the lake"
    "as he waited he could feel the air on his neck"

  5. the mass of air surrounding the Earth;

    "there was great heat as the comet entered the atmosphere"
    "it was exposed to the air"

  6. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)

  7. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;

    "she was humming an air from Beethoven"

  8. medium for radio and television broadcasting;

    "the program was on the air from 9 til midnight"
    "the president used the airwaves to take his message to the people"

  9. travel via aircraft;

    "air travel involves too much waiting in airports"
    "if you've time to spare go by air"

Verb:
  1. expose to fresh air;

    "aerate your old sneakers"

  2. be broadcast;

    "This show will air Saturdays at 2 P.M."

  3. broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;

    "We cannot air this X-rated song"

  4. make public;

    "She aired her opinions on welfare"

  5. expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;

    "Air linen"

  6. expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;

    "air the old winter clothes"
    "air out the smoke-filled rooms"

air的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The fresh air in the morning made him feel glad.
    早晨的新鲜空气使他觉得愉快。
  2. There is a bird flying through the air.
    一只小鸟从天空飞过。
  3. The archers sent their shafts through the air.
    弓箭手向空中射出利箭。
  4. There was an air of excitement at the meeting.
    开会时气氛显得有些兴奋。
  5. There is an air of abstraction in her face.
    她脸上带着一种心不在焉的神态。
  6. He played a delightful air on his flute.
    他用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲调。
  7. You will lose friends if you put on airs.
    你如果装腔作势,就会失去朋友。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. You should air the clothes to get the damp out.
    你应该把衣服晾一下去去潮气。
  2. The doctor recommended him to air the room.
    医生建议他打扫房间。
  3. We need to air out the smoke-filled rooms.
    我们得把满是烟味的房间通通风。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The air is chilly.
    这空气寒冷。
  2. The air of the hills is very pleasant.
    这山里的空气非常凉爽。
  3. The air is now at its hottest.
    空气正热。
  4. We breathe air.
    我们呼吸空气。
  5. Let's go out and have some fresh air.
    我们出去呼吸点新鲜空气吧。
  6. The air was heavy with perfume of the flowers.
    空气中有浓郁的花香。
  7. Many birds are flying in the air.
    许多鸟儿在空中飞翔。
  8. I saw something flowing in the air.
    我看见有什么东西在空中飘动。
  9. There is an air of sadness in the village.
    村子里气氛悲哀。
  10. The air was heavy between us.
    我们之间气氛沉闷。
  11. He has a proud air.
    他神情傲慢。
  12. He has the air of a scholar.
    他有一种学者风度。
  13. He has an air of importance.
    他摆出了一副煞有介事的神态。
  14. They were displeased with her haughty airs.
    他们讨厌她高傲的派头。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The straw mattresses are airing there.
    草褥子正在那里晾着。
  2. The programme airs daily.
    本节目每天广播。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We air the room by opening the window.
    我们打开窗子让屋子通风。
  2. The big window had been opened to air the room.
    大窗户被打开让房间换空气。
  3. He hadn't wish to air the matter.
    他不希望把此事传开。
  4. They were tired of the doctor airing his knowledge.
    他们讨厌这个炫耀知识的医生。
  5. He aired his notions at a public meeting in a newspaper.
    开会时他在报纸上陈述了他的观点。
  6. He spoke on the radio, airing his views to the nation.
    他在广播里对全国发表观点。
  7. She is not the kind of person one can introduce into company; she is too fond of airing her opinions.
    她不是那种可以引以为友的人,她太爱发表议论了。
  8. The ladies now have an opportunity to air their indignation.
    女士们现在有机会表明她们的义愤。
  9. Don't air your troubles too often.
    别老是诉说你的烦恼。
  10. 1
  11. The dormitory was aired in the morning.
    宿舍早上通风。
  12. The mattress needs to be aired.
    垫子需要晾晒。
  13. The grievances were aired in Parliament last week.
    冤情上星期在议会陈述了。
  14. There his weekly broadcasts were aired from the 1920s until he was silenced by the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.
    自二十世纪二十年代起他每周广播直到被罗马教廷的等级制度禁止。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
airs and graces
    做作的姿态,装腔作势 affectation
as free as the air
    自由自在 happy-go-luck
beat the air
    徒劳,白费气力 waste
build castles in the air
    做白日梦,不能实现的希望,计划等 day-dream hopes, plans that are unlikely to be realized
by air
    乘飞机; 航空邮寄(信件) in an aircraft
clear the air
    换气 make the air in a place fresh by opening a window
give air to
    阐明,详细解释 state or explain in detail
give oneself airs
    盛气凌人,神气活现 act proud; act vain
go up in the air
    十分恼火 become very angry
hang in the air
    悬而未决 leave undecided or unsettled
hot air
    夸夸其谈 bluster
in the air
    悬而未决,没充分计划好; (谣言等)传开,散布开; 流行开 (of stories, rumours etc.) spreading not fully planned, uncertain
in the open air
    在户外 outside
off the air
    停止广播 not engaged in broadcasting
on the air
    广播 broadcasting
out of thin air
    无中生有,突然出现 out of nowhere; out of nothing visible
put on airs
    装腔作势,摆架子 behave in an unnatural way in the hope of impressing people
take air
    为众人所知,被传扬 spread about among people; become known
take in the air
    到户外散步,户外透透气 go outdoors; take a walk or ride
vanish into thin air
    无影无踪,化为乌有 disappear
walk〔tread〕 on air
    喜气洋洋,兴高采烈 be very gay or pleased
用作动词 (v.)
air out (v.+adv.)
    通通风,透透空气 freshen (a room) by letting air move through it
    air sb/sth ⇔ out

    It's so stale in here, Mary, please open the window and air this place out.

    这里的气味太不好了。玛丽,请打开一扇窗子,让这个地方透透空气。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 ~+后置定语 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • Content to breathe his native air In his own ground.

    出自: Pope
  • His goods are spoiled by foul air and gas fumes.

    出自: F. Nightingale
  • All I want is a room somewhere, Far away from the cold night air.

    出自: A. J. Lerner
  • To keep the room aired and swept.

    出自: M. Edgeworth

air的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. air的基本意思是“空气,空中,天空”,引申可表示“飞行,散步”等。air作物质名词泛指“空气”时,不可数,不用冠词; 指某种具体的“气”或“天空”时用冠词。
  2. air也可作“曲调,歌曲,旋律”“播送”“风度,神态”“姿态,架子”解,是可数名词,用冠词。
  3. air也可借喻作“徒劳”或“流传,传开”解,不用冠词。
  4. airs可表示“架子”“做作的姿态”,不用冠词。
v. (动词)
  1. air用作动词的基本意思是“晾,晒,吹”,指在通风暖和处晾〔晒,吹〕衣服、被子等。引申可作“炫耀; 诉说”解,指炫耀〔诉说〕自己的想法或苦衷。
  2. air可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. air后接副词out表示“通通风,透透空气,晾一晾”。
  1. 指“空气”时,air前通常不加the,只在the air we breathe等表达中才用the。特指“空中”时,air前加the, 而by air不用the。

    We can now travel by air.
    句中的by若改成through,则该加the。

  2. take air指“传开”,take the air指“到户外”,take to the air指“开始飞行”,in the air指“在空中”,而in the open air指“户外,露天”。

    Many birds are flying in the air.
    I am going out for a walk in the open air.

  3. air指“天空”时,要注意与sky的区别,像句子The moon is in the air就是错误的,air应该替换成sky;
  4. on the air和over the air是固定搭配词组,指“无线电广播”。

    She is on/over the air.
    她正在广播。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
in the air, in the open air, on the air
  • in the air是“在空中”“不定的”“散布的”“无掩护的”“在众人心中的”“可感觉到的”等意思; in the open air是“在户外”的意思; on the air是“广播”的意思。
  • in air, in the air
  • in air的意思是“在空气中”,而in the air的意思是“在空中,计划悬而未决; 谣言等流行”。
  • take air, take the air, take to the air
  • take air的意思是“事情或消息传开”; 而take the air的意思是“到户外散步,呼吸新鲜空气”; take to the air的意思则是“乘飞机或当飞行员”。
  • air, look
  • 这两个词都可作“样子”解。其区别在于:
  • 1.air所表达的表情往往是虚假的; 而look则是真实的。例如:
  • 被告说到这件事时带着要保密的样子。
  • The accused spoke about it with an air of secrecy.(是装出来的)
  • The accused spoke about it with a look of secrecy.(是真情的流露)
  • 2.作“神态”讲,即表达抽象概念,只能用air,而不能用look。例如:
  • Judy always gives himself airs.朱迪常摆架子(表示抽象概念)。
  • air, manner
  • 这两个词均表示“态度”“模样”。其区别在于:
  • 1.manner是通过观察某人的行为后所得出的印象,而air却是故意摆出的架势。
  • 2.air通常是就全身的表现而言,而manner是就肢体的动作而言。
  • 3.air是第一次见面时就可以看得出的印象,而manner是经过仔细观察才可以得出的印象。例如:
  • His manner is always formal.他的态度总是郑重其事的。
  • He was a man of suave and courteous manners.他是一个态度和蔼而有礼貌的人。
  • She has an air of languor about her.她总是一副无精打采的样子。
  • in the air, in the sky
  • 二者有所区别:in the air指在离地球较近的“天空”; 而in the sky指在离地球较远的“天空”。例如:
  • A bird is flying in the air.有一只鸟在天上飞。
  • There is no cloud in the sky.天空没有一丝云彩。
  • v. (动词)
    air, broach, express, utter, vent, voice
  • 这组词都有“表达”的意思。其区别是:
  • express含义最广,可指口头、笔头或用其他任何方式表达思想、感情、经历、构思或个性; air指宣扬某人的看法,希望引起公众的注意或获得同情; broach强调首次提出,尤指经过深思熟虑之后或等待辩论; vent强调无法控制地发泄或吐露强烈感情; voice专指用言语强有力地表达出一个人的思想、意见或感情; utter指突然发出某种强烈的声音。例如:
  • I can't express it properly.我不能恰当地把它表达出来。
  • He is ready to air his views to anyone.他乐于向人发表他的观点。
  • At last he broached the subject of the new contract to them.最后他向他们提出新合同的问题。
  • The wounded man uttered a groan.那受伤的人发出痛苦的呻吟。
  • He had had a bad day at work and vented his anger on his family.他整天不顺心,便拿家里人出气。
  • The chairman encouraged us all to voice our opinions.主席鼓励我们发表自己的意见。
  • air, advocate, agitate for, preach
  • 这组词语都有“鼓吹”的意思。其区别在于:preach指认为正当或有价值而极力主张; advocate指公开宣扬一种计划或主张; agitate for则指公开极力宣扬或强烈反对某些政治或社会变革; 而air则指大声宣扬自己的思想、观点或抱怨等。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      别对我摆架子!

      Don't put on airs to me!

      Don't put on airs with me!

      表示“对…摆架子”时, put on airs后面用介词with,不用to。

      他乘飞机来到太原。

      He by air to Taiyuan.

      He came to Taiyuan by air.

      by air是介词短语,不可用作谓语。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的air,意为充满天空不可见之气体;最初源自希腊语的aer,意为吹。
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