air

  基本词汇  
[eə(r)]     [er]    
  • n.空气;天空;空中;感觉;神态;曲调;装腔作势
  • v.晾干;使通风;广播
aired aired airing airs
new

air是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 空中,天空
  2. 空气
  3. 大气
  4. 神态
  5. 样子
  6. 曲调
  7. 摆架子,装腔作势,做作的样子
  8. 气氛,气派
  9. 【音】主调
  10. <罕>微风
  11. 感觉,印象
  12. 欢天喜地,得意洋洋
  13. 航空;飞机,空军(指人员和装备),航空兵
  14. 媒介,广播
  15. <美口>空调设备,空调系统
v.(动词)
  1. 晾,晾干,烘干,烤干,风干
  2. 播送
  3. 发表,公开发表,宣扬,表达
  4. 炫耀,显示,夸示
  5. <美>广播,播出
  6. 透风,通风,通气;使通风
  7. 散步,兜风
  8. 吹风
  9. 使换气,透气
  10. 给…装置通风设备
adv.(副词)
  1. 早,不久

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]天空,大气,空气 the sky or space above the ground; atmosphere
  2. [U]空中 the earth's atmosphere as the place where aircraft fly
  3. [C]曲调,歌曲,旋律 music; tune; melody
  4. [C]样子,神态,姿态 appearance; manner
  5. [C]微风 light wind
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 晾晒,烘干 dry (clothing, bedding, etc.) in the open air or in a warm place
  2. vt. (使)房间通风,换空气 (cause to) become fresh by letting in air
  3. vt. 发表,倾诉,炫耀 make public (opinions, complains, etc.), especially in a noisy manner
  4. vt. & vi. 播送,广播 broadcast

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
air : 空气 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 空气, 大气 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 空气, 大气 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 航空 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 空 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 空气 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 航空 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;

    "air pollution"
    "a smell of chemicals in the air"
    "open a window and let in some air"
    "I need some fresh air"

  2. the region above the ground;

    "her hand stopped in mid air"
    "he threw the ball into the air"

  3. a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing;

    "an air of mystery"
    "the house had a neglected air"
    "an atmosphere of defeat pervaded the candidate's headquarters"
    "the place had an aura of romance"

  4. a slight wind (usually refreshing);

    "the breeze was cooled by the lake"
    "as he waited he could feel the air on his neck"

  5. the mass of air surrounding the Earth;

    "there was great heat as the comet entered the atmosphere"
    "it was exposed to the air"

  6. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)

  7. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;

    "she was humming an air from Beethoven"

  8. medium for radio and television broadcasting;

    "the program was on the air from 9 til midnight"
    "the president used the airwaves to take his message to the people"

  9. travel via aircraft;

    "air travel involves too much waiting in airports"
    "if you've time to spare go by air"

Verb:
  1. expose to fresh air;

    "aerate your old sneakers"

  2. be broadcast;

    "This show will air Saturdays at 2 P.M."

  3. broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;

    "We cannot air this X-rated song"

  4. make public;

    "She aired her opinions on welfare"

  5. expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;

    "Air linen"

  6. expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;

    "air the old winter clothes"
    "air out the smoke-filled rooms"

air的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The fresh air in the morning made him feel glad.
    早晨的新鲜空气使他觉得愉快。
  2. There is a bird flying through the air.
    一只小鸟从天空飞过。
  3. The archers sent their shafts through the air.
    弓箭手向空中射出利箭。
  4. There was an air of excitement at the meeting.
    开会时气氛显得有些兴奋。
  5. There is an air of abstraction in her face.
    她脸上带着一种心不在焉的神态。
  6. He played a delightful air on his flute.
    他用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲调。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. You should air the clothes to get the damp out.
    你应该把衣服晾一下去去潮气。
  2. The doctor recommended him to air the room.
    医生建议他打扫房间。
  3. We need to air out the smoke-filled rooms.
    我们得把满是烟味的房间通通风。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The air is chilly.
    这空气寒冷。
  2. The air of the hills is very pleasant.
    这山里的空气非常凉爽。
  3. The air is now at its hottest.
    空气正热。
  4. We breathe air.
    我们呼吸空气。
  5. Let's go out and have some fresh air.
    我们出去呼吸点新鲜空气吧。
  6. The air was heavy with perfume of the flowers.
    空气中有浓郁的花香。
  7. Many birds are flying in the air.
    许多鸟儿在空中飞翔。
  8. I saw something flowing in the air.
    我看见有什么东西在空中飘动。
  9. There is an air of sadness in the village.
    村子里气氛悲哀。
  10. The air was heavy between us.
    我们之间气氛沉闷。
  11. He has a proud air.
    他神情傲慢。
  12. He has the air of a scholar.
    他有一种学者风度。
  13. He has an air of importance.
    他摆出了一副煞有介事的神态。
  14. They were displeased with her haughty airs.
    他们讨厌她高傲的派头。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The straw mattresses are airing there.
    草褥子正在那里晾着。
  2. The programme airs daily.
    本节目每天广播。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We air the room by opening the window.
    我们打开窗子让屋子通风。
  2. The big window had been opened to air the room.
    大窗户被打开让房间换空气。
  3. He hadn't wish to air the matter.
    他不希望把此事传开。
  4. They were tired of the doctor airing his knowledge.
    他们讨厌这个炫耀知识的医生。
  5. He aired his notions at a public meeting in a newspaper.
    开会时他在报纸上陈述了他的观点。
  6. He spoke on the radio, airing his views to the nation.
    他在广播里对全国发表观点。
  7. She is not the kind of person one can introduce into company; she is too fond of airing her opinions.
    她不是那种可以引以为友的人,她太爱发表议论了。
  8. The ladies now have an opportunity to air their indignation.
    女士们现在有机会表明她们的义愤。
  9. Don't air your troubles too often.
    别老是诉说你的烦恼。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. The dormitory was aired in the morning.
    宿舍早上通风。
  12. The mattress needs to be aired.
    垫子需要晾晒。
  13. The grievances were aired in Parliament last week.
    冤情上星期在议会陈述了。
  14. There his weekly broadcasts were aired from the 1920s until he was silenced by the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.
    自二十世纪二十年代起他每周广播直到被罗马教廷的等级制度禁止。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
airs and graces
  1. 做作的姿态,装腔作势 affectation

    I can't stand his airs and graces. 我不能容忍他装腔作势。

    I have never met your sister before; does she always give herself such airs and graces? 我以前从未见过你姐姐,她总是那么装腔作势吗?

as free as the air
  1. 自由自在 happy-go-luck

    Now that I have passed my exams,I feel as free as the air and can do whatever I like. 我考试及格了,可以自由自在,爱做什么就做什么了。

beat the air
  1. 徒劳,白费气力 waste

    To argue with him is like beating the air. 和他辩论是白费气力。

build castles in the air
  1. 做白日梦,不能实现的希望,计划等 day-dream hopes, plans that are unlikely to be realized

    I have been building castles in the air with you. 我一直和你一起做白日梦。

    Instead of working at her lessons,Mary spends her time building castles in the air. 玛丽没有努力学习功课而是花费了很多时间空想。

by air
  1. 乘飞机; 航空邮寄(信件) in an aircraft

    I shall send the letter by air. 我要由航空寄这封信。

    We can now travel by air. 现在我们可以坐飞机旅行。

    It saves a great deal of time to travel by air. 航空旅行节约很多时间。

clear the air
  1. 换气 make the air in a place fresh by opening a window

    The nurse clears the air of the room every morning. 护士每天清晨给房间换空气。

give air to
  1. 阐明,详细解释 state or explain in detail

    The lady was giving air to her troubles. 这位女士正在讲明她的麻烦。

give oneself airs
  1. 盛气凌人,神气活现 act proud; act vain

    He gives himself airs. 他盛气凌人。

    Mary gave herself airs when she wore her new dress. 玛丽穿新衣时洋洋自得。

    John gave himself airs when he won first prize. 得了第一名约翰神气活现。

go up in the air
  1. 十分恼火 become very angry

    When she saw the damage to her car she went right up in the air. 当她看到自己的汽车被损坏时,她立即火冒三丈。

    My parents went up in the air when I told them that I wanted to move out into a flat. 当我告诉父母说打算搬进公寓去住时,他们很生气。

hang in the air
  1. 悬而未决 leave undecided or unsettled

    The question hung in the air; how is he going to tell his father? 问题悬而未决,怎么跟他父亲讲呢?

    Because the committee could not decide on a time and place the matter of the spring dance was left hanging in the air. 由于委员会决定不了时间和地点,故春季舞蹈表演一事仍悬而未决。

hot air
  1. 夸夸其谈 bluster

    I know he says he can run a mile in four minutes, but that's all hot air. 我记得他说过能在4分钟内跑完一英里,但那完全是吹牛。

    Don't take notice of Hammond's letters, they are nothing but hot air. 不要理会哈蒙德的那些信,全都是夸夸其谈。

in the air
  1. 悬而未决,没充分计划好; (谣言等)传开,散布开; 流行开 (of stories, rumours etc.) spreading not fully planned, uncertain

    My plans are still quite in the air. 我的计划还很渺茫。

    Whether we go to Paris is in the air. 我们是否去巴黎尚未决定。

    The plan for choosing a chairman is still in the air. 选举主席计划尚在酝酿阶段。

    Plans for the picnic are still in the air since we can't decide where to go. 由于我们不能决定去哪儿,野餐计划还未定。

    What changes they will make nobody knows, but there is something in the air. 无人知道他们作出什么变动,但有些传言。

    There are rumours in the air that dozens of people were dead in the fire. 有谣言传说许多人在那场大火中死亡。

    Baseball is beginning to be in the air in China. 棒球运动开始在中国风行起来了。

    The war filled people's thoughts everyday, it was in the air. 战争每天都弥漫在每个人心目中。

    Their right flank was left in the air. 他们的右翼无掩护。

    Rain is in the air. 可以感到下雨了。

    Summer is in the air. 夏天的气息可以感觉到了。

in the open air
  1. 在户外 outside

    He is now taking a walk in the open air. 他正在户外散步。

    She feared the drink to be poisoned in the open air. 她怕饮料在户外被放进了毒。

    The boy fastened his eyes on the toys in the open air. 在户外那孩子眼睛盯着玩具。

    Time failed me to finish my speech in the open air. 我想在户外把话讲完,但时间不够了。

    She fabricated a good excuse for staying in the open air. 她编造了呆在户外的借口。

    I feel that he is capable of fulfilling the task in the open air. 我觉得他有能力在户外完成这项任务。

off the air
  1. 停止广播 not engaged in broadcasting

    The ball game is off the air now. 球赛现在停播。

    The station goes off the air after midnight. 广播电台后半夜停止广播。

    We needn't turn on the TV because it's off the air. 我们不必打开电视,因为现在没转播。

on the air
  1. 广播 broadcasting

    We shall be on the air in 5 minutes. 过5分钟我们开始广播。

    What's on the air this evening? 今天晚上广播的内容是什么?

    Most radio stations are on the air from 4 a.m. to 12 p.m. 大多数广播站广播从凌晨4点到午夜12点。

out of thin air
  1. 无中生有,突然出现 out of nowhere; out of nothing visible

    I can't simply conjure up the money out of thin air. 我是不能像变魔术似的把钱变来。

put on airs
  1. 装腔作势,摆架子 behave in an unnatural way in the hope of impressing people

    It's a great pity that she puts on such airs all the time. 她总是装腔作势,真是非常遗憾。

    She didn't want him to think she was just putting on airs. 她不想让他认为她摆架子。

    He puts on high airs with his learning. 他因有学问而摆架子。

take air
  1. 为众人所知,被传扬 spread about among people; become known

    The story has taken air among all the neighbors. 这件事情已在邻里传开。

take in the air
  1. 到户外散步,户外透透气 go outdoors; take a walk or ride

    He took the air. 他到户外散步。

vanish into thin air
  1. 无影无踪,化为乌有 disappear

    We used to see a lot of our next-door neighbours, then one day, without any warning, they vanished into thin air. 过去常见到的隔壁邻居,然而有一天,他们招呼都不打就走得无影无踪了。

    I searched for the ball for ten minutes, but it had vanished into thin air. 我找球找了10分钟,但它仍然无影无踪。

walk〔tread〕 on air
  1. 喜气洋洋,兴高采烈 be very gay or pleased

    During Christmas everybody walks〔treads〕 on air. 圣诞节期间每个人都喜气洋洋。

用作动词 (v.)
air out (v.+adv.)
  1. 通通风,透透空气 freshen (a room) by letting air move through it air sb/sth ⇔ out

    It's so stale in here, Mary, please open the window and air this place out.这里的气味太不好了。玛丽,请打开一扇窗子,让这个地方透透空气。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 ~+后置定语 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词
  • air out 通通风,透透空气,晾一晾

经典引文

  • Content to breathe his native air In his own ground.

    出自:Pope
  • His goods are spoiled by foul air and gas fumes.

    出自:F. Nightingale
  • All I want is a room somewhere, Far away from the cold night air.

    出自:A. J. Lerner
  • To keep the room aired and swept.

    出自:M. Edgeworth

air的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 指“空气”时,air前通常不加the,只在the air we breathe等表达中才用the。特指“空中”时,air前加the, 而by air不用the。

    We can now travel by air.
    句中的by若改成through,则该加the。

  2. take air指“传开”,take the air指“到户外”,take to the air指“开始飞行”,in the air指“在空中”,而in the open air指“户外,露天”。

    Many birds are flying in the air.
    I am going out for a walk in the open air.

  3. air指“天空”时,要注意与sky的区别,像句子The moon is in the air就是错误的,air应该替换成sky;
  4. on the air和over the air是固定搭配词组,指“无线电广播”。

    She is on/over the air.
    她正在广播。

n.(名词)
  1. air的基本意思是“空气,空中,天空”,引申可表示“飞行,散步”等。air作物质名词泛指“空气”时,不可数,不用冠词; 指某种具体的“气”或“天空”时用冠词。
  2. air也可作“曲调,歌曲,旋律”“播送”“风度,神态”“姿态,架子”解,是可数名词,用冠词。
  3. air也可借喻作“徒劳”或“流传,传开”解,不用冠词。
  4. airs可表示“架子”“做作的姿态”,不用冠词。
v.(动词)
  1. air用作动词的基本意思是“晾,晒,吹”,指在通风暖和处晾〔晒,吹〕衣服、被子等。引申可作“炫耀; 诉说”解,指炫耀〔诉说〕自己的想法或苦衷。
  2. air可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. air后接副词out表示“通通风,透透空气,晾一晾”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
in the air, in the open air, on the air
in the air是“在空中”“不定的”“散布的”“无掩护的”“在众人心中的”“可感觉到的”等意思; in the open air是“在户外”的意思; on the air是“广播”的意思。
in air, in the air
in air的意思是“在空气中”,而in the air的意思是“在空中,计划悬而未决; 谣言等流行”。
take air, take the air, take to the air
take air的意思是“事情或消息传开”; 而take the air的意思是“到户外散步,呼吸新鲜空气”; take to the air的意思则是“乘飞机或当飞行员”。
air, look
这两个词都可作“样子”解。其区别在于:
1.air所表达的表情往往是虚假的; 而look则是真实的。例如:
  • 被告说到这件事时带着要保密的样子。
  • The accused spoke about it with an air of secrecy.(是装出来的)
  • The accused spoke about it with a look of secrecy.(是真情的流露)
2.作“神态”讲,即表达抽象概念,只能用air,而不能用look。例如:
Judy always gives himself airs.朱迪常摆架子(表示抽象概念)。
air, manner
这两个词均表示“态度”“模样”。其区别在于:
1.manner是通过观察某人的行为后所得出的印象,而air却是故意摆出的架势。
2.air通常是就全身的表现而言,而manner是就肢体的动作而言。
3.air是第一次见面时就可以看得出的印象,而manner是经过仔细观察才可以得出的印象。例如:
His manner is always formal.他的态度总是郑重其事的。
He was a man of suave and courteous manners.他是一个态度和蔼而有礼貌的人。
She has an air of languor about her.她总是一副无精打采的样子。
in the air, in the sky
二者有所区别:in the air指在离地球较近的“天空”; 而in the sky指在离地球较远的“天空”。例如:
A bird is flying in the air.有一只鸟在天上飞。
There is no cloud in the sky.天空没有一丝云彩。
v.(动词)
air, broach, express, utter, vent, voice
这组词都有“表达”的意思。其区别是:
express含义最广,可指口头、笔头或用其他任何方式表达思想、感情、经历、构思或个性; air指宣扬某人的看法,希望引起公众的注意或获得同情; broach强调首次提出,尤指经过深思熟虑之后或等待辩论; vent强调无法控制地发泄或吐露强烈感情; voice专指用言语强有力地表达出一个人的思想、意见或感情; utter指突然发出某种强烈的声音。例如:
I can't express it properly.我不能恰当地把它表达出来。
He is ready to air his views to anyone.他乐于向人发表他的观点。
At last he broached the subject of the new contract to them.最后他向他们提出新合同的问题。
The wounded man uttered a groan.那受伤的人发出痛苦的呻吟。
He had had a bad day at work and vented his anger on his family.他整天不顺心,便拿家里人出气。
The chairman encouraged us all to voice our opinions.主席鼓励我们发表自己的意见。
air, advocate, agitate for, preach
这组词语都有“鼓吹”的意思。其区别在于:preach指认为正当或有价值而极力主张; advocate指公开宣扬一种计划或主张; agitate for则指公开极力宣扬或强烈反对某些政治或社会变革; 而air则指大声宣扬自己的思想、观点或抱怨等。
atmosphere air gas
这些名词均与空气有关。
  • atmosphere:atmosphere指围绕星球,特别是围绕地球的空气,即大气层。也可指环境气氛。
  • air:air指空气,也泛指一般气体。
  • gas:gas指气态物,尤指供燃烧取暖或照明的气体,其中一部分称作瓦斯。
attitude air manner
这些名词均含“态度、风度”之意。
  • attitude:attitude普通用词,指对人或事情的看法和采取的行为,多有某种不很明确或不便明说的感情色彩。
  • air:air含义广泛。单数形式指某人脸上表现出的心理活动,或言谈举止;复数形式指某人故意做作而摆出的架子。
  • manner:manner多指某人在某一场合的言谈举止等。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 别对我摆架子!

    Don't put on airs to me!

    Don't put on airs with me!

    表示“对…摆架子”时, put on airs后面用介词with,不用to。

  2. 他乘飞机来到太原。

    He by air to Taiyuan.

    He came to Taiyuan by air.

    by air是介词短语,不可用作谓语。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪左右进入英语,直接源自古法语ia的r,意为充满天空不可见之气体;最初源自希腊语的aer,意为吹。

air的相关资料:

正版词典

air : 空气;风; ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 气, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
air : 空气;大气 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

air的相关缩略词,共有94

互动百科

  • air:中文名称:AIR 《AIR》英文名称:AIR资源类型:TVRip版本:[日语典藏][日英双字幕版][12][完结]发行时间:2006年02月27日导演:石原立也地区:日本语言:日语 《AIR》是根据日…

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