rest

  基本词汇  
[rest]     [rest]    
  • n.剩余的部分;休息;支撑物;休止符
  • v.休息;(使)倚靠;使(视线)停留在;搁在;依赖;基于;搁置;埋葬
rester rested rested resting rests
new

rest是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 休息,歇息,睡觉
  2. 休息时间,睡觉时间
  3. 休养
  4. 其余,其他
  5. 其余的人,剩余部分,残余部分
  6. 静止,停止活动
  7. 安静,安宁,安稳
  8. 休息处,住宿处
  9. 安息,长眠
  10. 台,架,支架
  11. 【音】休止,休止符
  12. 【军】稍息
  13. 【银行业】储备金
  14. (网球等的)来回对打,比赛前试打
v.(动词)
  1. 休息,歇息,睡
  2. 安息,长眠
  3. 安心,放心
  4. 停留,保持原状,依然是,仍旧是
  5. 躺,靠,倚,搁在,置于
  6. 静止,停止活动
  7. 安定下来
  8. 在于,归于
  9. 依赖,倚靠(常与on或upon连用)
  10. (目光等)停留在
  11. 【农】休耕
  12. 【律】自动停止对提出证据,停止举证
  13. 使休息, 使歇息
  14. 使轻松,使恢复精神,使平静
  15. 使长眠,使安歇
  16. 安放,搁置,使支撑在,使搁在,把...靠在
  17. 把停止
  18. 使依赖,使基(于),把…寄托(于)
  19. 【军】使稍息
  20. 【农】使(田地)休耕
  21. <美>【律】自动停止(对案件等)提供证据(或辩论)
adj.(形容词)
  1. 其余的,剩下的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]休息,睡眠 freedom from activity or from sth tiring or worrying
  2. [U]静止(状态) the condition of not moving
  3. [C]支持物 a support, especially for the stated thing
  4. [S]剩余(部分),余下的人〔物〕 what is left, the ones that still remain
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)休息 (allow to) take a rest
  2. vi. 停止,不再谈论 be discontinued, not be talked about
  3. vt. & vi. (使)倚靠〔支撑〕 (allow to) lean or be supported

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
rest : 休息 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
rest : 休息, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
rest : 〈英〉(银 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rest : 休息 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
rest : 盈余,盘货 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. something left after other parts have been taken away;

    "there was no remainder"
    "he threw away the rest"
    "he took what he wanted and I got the balance"

  2. freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);

    "took his repose by the swimming pool"

  3. a pause for relaxation;

    "people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests"

  4. a state of inaction;

    "a body will continue in a state of rest until acted upon"

  5. euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb);

    "she was laid to rest beside her husband"
    "they had to put their family pet to sleep"

  6. a support on which things can be put;

    "the gun was steadied on a special rest"

  7. a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration

Verb:
  1. not move; be in a resting position

  2. take a short break from one's activities in order to relax

  3. give a rest to;

    "He rested his bad leg"
    "Rest the dogs for a moment"

  4. have a place in relation to something else;

    "The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"
    "The responsibility rests with the Allies"

  5. be at rest

  6. stay the same; remain in a certain state;

    "The dress remained wet after repeated attempts to dry it"
    "rest assured"
    "stay alone"
    "He remained unmoved by her tears"
    "The bad weather continued for another week"

  7. be inherent or innate in;

  8. put something in a resting position, as for support or steadying;

    "Rest your head on my shoulder"

  9. sit, as on a branch;

    "The birds perched high in the tree"

  10. rest on or as if on a pillow;

    "pillow your head"

  11. be inactive, refrain from acting;

    "The committee is resting over the summer"

rest的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. We'll eat some of the bread and keep the rest for breakfast.
    我们将吃一点面包,剩下的留到早饭时吃。
  2. You look tired. You need a good rest.
    你看来累了。你需要好好休息一下。
  3. A rest shall be placed at the end of a row of books to keep them upright.
    一排书的末端应放个支撑物以使书本保持直立。
  4. When the song came to a rest, she paused for a while.
    唱到了休止符的时候,她停顿了一下。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. It would be nice to sit down and rest for a while.
    坐下来休息一会儿是很好的。
  2. Rest the ladder against the wall.
    把梯子靠在墙上吧。
  3. His chin rested on his hands.
    他双手托着下巴。
  4. His brown eyes rested on her for a moment.
    他的棕色眼睛盯着她看了一会儿。
  5. The original manuscript rests in the museum.
    原始手稿在博物馆里。
  6. How could a country rest its security on such promises?
    一个国家怎么能让自己的安全依赖这类诺言呢?
  7. The whole argument rests on a false assumption.
    整个论点都是基于一个错误的假设。
  8. He urged the council not to let the matter rest.
    他敦促委员会不要对这个问题不了了之。
  9. She was laid to rest beside her late husband.
    她被安葬在亡夫的墓旁。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Sunday is a day of rest.
    星期天是休息日。
  2. She needs rest after her long illness.
    她在久病之后需要静养一段时间。
  3. You need a good night's rest.
    你需要好好睡一觉。
  4. Give it a rest, can't you?
    你不能安静一会儿吗?
  5. The ball rolled down the hill and came to rest at the bottom.
    球从小山上滚下来,到山脚处停住了。
  6. The medicine gave the sick man a short rest from pain.
    这药使病人的疼痛暂时止住。
  7. Wrestling desperately with the controls, the pilot finally managed to bring his aircraft to rest in a cornfield.
    飞行员使出全身解数来操纵装置,终于使飞机停在玉米地里。
  8. This wall will do as a rest for your camera .
    这墙可以作为你的照相机的支撑物。
  9. Take what you want and throw the rest away .
    将你所要的拿去,把剩下的丢掉。
  10. If you give five dollars, they will make up the rest.
    如果你出五美元,其余的他们会凑齐的。
  11. She lived the rest of her life in Vienna.
    她在维也纳度过了余生。
  12. The rest of the old man was happy.
    这位老人的晚年很幸福。
  13. The rest of the clan thinks the uniform is only fit for a barbarian or a man of the lowest class.
    家族里的其他人员认为,这样的制服只适合野蛮人或最低贱的人穿。
  14. Some agree with Jim, but the rest of us agree with Sam.
    有些人赞成吉姆,但其余的人都赞成萨姆。
  15. The rest needs no telling.
    其余的就不需要说了。
  16. The rest are to wait for us.
    其余的人要等我们。
  17. He's only got one shirt, because all the rest (of them) are being washed.
    他只剩下一件衬衫了,其余的正在洗。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Is he resting any better today?
    他今天休息得好吗?
  2. You'll feel better after you've rested.
    你休息过后就会觉得好些。
  3. We just want to rest during the summer vacation.
    暑假期间我们只是想休息。
  4. Tired after walking,I sat down on a rock to rest.
    我走累了就坐在一块岩石上休息。
  5. The hikers rested a while.
    那些徒步旅行者休息了片刻。
  6. To one side of the road rested three trucks.
    公路的一侧停着三辆卡车。
  7. He is too feverish to rest.
    他兴奋得安静不下来。
  8. I could not rest under the imputation.
    我受到诋毁,无法平静。
  9. Never let your enemy rest.
    让敌人永远不得安宁。
  10. She couldn't rest easy until her daughter was back.
    直到她女儿回来时她才放了心。
  11. The matter cannot rest here.
    这件事不能到此为止。
  12. The waves in the sea roll day and night.They never rest.
    大海的波涛昼夜翻腾,永不停息。
  13. The police said they wouldn't rest until all the criminals were caught.
    警方说,他们不把所有的罪犯都逮住绝不罢休。
  14. The sleds rested at the bottom of the hill.
    那些雪橇停在山脚下。
S+~+ n -A
  1. My mother rests an hour every afternoon.
    我母亲每天下午休息一小时。
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. The murder rested a mystery.
    那个谋杀案仍是个谜。
S+~+ adj.
  1. We can't rest easy until they're safely back.
    要等他们安全返回时,我们才能放心。
  2. Rest assured that misbehaviour will not go unpunished.
    你可以相信,对不规矩的行为是不会不追究的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She rested herself there for a long time.
    她在那儿休息了很久。
  2. You must rest your soldier after a march.
    行军以后你得让士兵休息。
  3. We stopped to rest the horses.
    我们停下来让马休息一下。
  4. These sunglasses rest my eyes.
    这副太阳镜使我的眼睛感觉舒适。
  5. She was obliged to lie down every day after dinner to rest her legs.
    她只好每天饭后躺下歇一歇腿。
  6. Halfway up the mountain we stopped to rest our feet.
    爬到半山腰,我们停下来歇歇脚。
  7. I want to leave London—and rest my brain.
    我要离开伦敦,让大脑放松一下。
  8. The defence rested its case without presenting a single witness.
    被告方未提出一个证人就自愿停止对该案的辩论。
  9. I rest my case, my lord.
    法官大人,我对案情已陈述完毕。
It ~s/ed+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. It rests me to watch to kids play skip rope.
    看孩子们玩跳绳我很惬意。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
at rest
  1. 静止,不动 not moving

    Measure the mass of the body while it is at rest. 测量物体在静止时的质量。

    The sails of the windmill are now at rest. 风车的帆叶现在静止不动了。

  2. 安息 rest in peace

    The poor man is now at rest. 那个可怜的人现在已经安息。

for the rest
  1. 至于其他,除此之外 as far as other matters are concerned; apart from that

    Ensure that our traditional markets are looked after; for the rest,I am not much concerned. 一定要满足我们传统市场的需要,其他方面倒无所谓。

go to one's rest
  1. 安息,长眠 go to sleep forever

    The poor man went to his rest under the earth. 这个可怜的人长眠于地下。

    Lucy Passmore has gone to her rest beneath the Atlantic waves. 露丝·帕斯莫尔长眠于大西洋海底。

go to rest
  1. 就寝,去睡觉 go to bed

    It is time to go to rest. 该休息了。

lay to rest
  1. 安葬 bury sb

    She was laid to rest beside her late husband. 她安葬在亡夫的身旁。

  2. 取消 abolish

    I'm glad that ridiculous plan has finally been laid to rest. 我很高兴那个可笑的计划终于被取消了。

take〔have〕 a rest
  1. 休息一下 take freedom from activity or from sth tiring or worrying

    Let's sit down and have a rest. 让我们坐下来休息一会儿吧。

    I'm tired. Let's take a rest. 我累了,咱们休息一会儿吧。

    Let's go to the waiting room and take a rest. 我们到候车室去休息一下吧。

take (one's) rest
  1. 就寝,睡觉 go to bed

    My aunt always takes her rest at nine. 我姑妈平时总是九点去睡。

    I often take rest at ten o'clock. 我通常在10点就寝。

用作动词 (v.)
rest against (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)靠在…之上,由某物支撑 (cause to) lean against; be supported by (sth) rest against sth

    Her cheek came to rest against my shoulder.她的脸靠在我的肩上。

    rest sth against sth

    Rest the ladder against the wall.把梯子靠在墙上。

    He rested his back against the schoolroom door.他把背靠在教室的门上。

rest from (v.+prep.)
  1. 停下…休息 stop working after (work); change one's activity to sth such different or less tiring than (sth) rest from sth

    You need to rest from your labours, you look very tired.你的样子很疲劳,需要放下工作休息一下。

    rest sth from sth/v-ing

    Rest my voice from much talking.讲话过多之后让我的嗓子休息一下。

rest in (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)舒服地躺在,睡在或长眠于…中 (cause to) lie in comfort, sleep, or death in (sth such as furniture, the ground, or a state) rest in sth

    It was so comfortable resting in his arms.躺在他的怀抱里真是舒服。

    My father is dead, may he rest in peace.我父亲去世了,愿他安息吧。

    rest sb/oneself/sth in sth

    Let us rest his body in his family grave.我们把他的遗体安放在他的祖坟中吧。

    Some villagers were resting themselves in the shade.一些村民正在阴凉处休息。

  2. 产生于…,归因于…,在于 have as the chief or only element rest in sth

    A good share of the answer rested in the kind of pride that is stimulated by the job, by the activity of accomplishing.答案很大程度上在于工作和成就所激发出来的那种自豪。

  3. 把…赋予,交与 give (sth such as power) to (sb) rest sth in sb

    The nation rests too much power in the President.国家赋予总统的权力过大了。

  4. 寄…于 place (faith, trust, etc.) in (sb/sth) rest sth in sb/sth

    The teachers always say that the country rests its hope in us, so we should not let the people down.老师常对我们说,国家寄希望于我们,因此我们不应当让人民失望。

    I have always rested complete faith in your ability to deal with matters of sudden urgency.对于你的应变能力,我向来是完全信任的。

rest on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 搁在〔支撑在〕…上 lean on; be supported by rest on〔upon〕 sth

    Her elbows were resting on the table.她的两肘倚在桌上。

    The bridge rests on stone arches.这座桥由石拱支撑。

  2. 依赖于,寄托于…上,基于 depend on; rely on rest on〔upon〕 sth

    The plan rests on your cooperation.这项计划有赖于你的合作。

    All their hopes rested upon this venture.他们的一切希望都寄托在这次冒险上。

    One theory about the existence of extraterrestrial life rests on the presence of carbon compounds in meteorites.地球外存在生命的理论是基于陨星上存在碳化合物质这一事实的。

    The industry in Britain rests on a broad and firm base.英国的工业有广泛坚实的基础。

    Keats' reputation as a great poet rests largely upon the odes and the later sonnets.作为一个伟大的诗人,济慈的声誉大部分建立在他写的长诗和后期的十四行诗上。

    Our policy should rest on the basis of self-reliance.我们的政策是放在自力更生的基础上。

    rest sth on〔upon〕 sb

    The poor mother rests all her hope upon her son.这位可怜的母亲把她所有的希望寄托在儿子身上。

    Her parents have three children, but two of them are good for nothing.They rest all their hopes on her.她父母有三个子女,但是其中的两个都一事无成。他们只好把希望都寄托在她身上。

  3. 接触到,达到或朝向; (使)落在…上 (cause to) touch, reach, descend; be directed towards (sth) rest on〔upon〕 sth

    His eyes rested on the peaceful valley below.他的目光落在下面宁静的山谷中。

    rest sth on〔upon〕 sth

    It's good to rest one's eyes on such a beautiful view.观看这样的美景使人赏心悦目。

rest up (v.+adv.)
  1. 休养,休息 have a complete rest as from illness or weakness rest up

    I think I'll just rest up for an hour or two before starting work again.我看我还是好好休息一两个小时再开始工作吧。

rest with (v.+prep.)
  1. 在于,取决于 be left in the hands or charge of sb rest with sb

    The burden rests with me.这副重担归我承担。

    The ultimate responsibility rests with the President.最终的责任由总裁来承担。

    The management of affairs rests with Wolsey.沃尔西负责管理事务。

    Putting the children to bed rests with the baby-sitter.让孩子上床睡觉是保姆负责的事。

    The fate of this prisoner rests with the judge.这个犯人的命运掌握在法官手里。

    Any further investigation rests with the supervisor.任何进一步的调查要由主管人去做。

    It rests with you to propose terms.要由你来提出条件。

    Whether the talks are successful or not rests with a small number of people.会谈能否成功取决于少数人。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • And post o'er Land and Ocean without rest.

    出自:Milton
  • From toilsome life to never-ending rest.

    出自:W. Cowper
  • We ascended.., often stopping for a rest.

    出自:S. Bellow
  • One..reads a paper, and the rest discuss it.

    出自:R. G. Collingwood
  • The rest of the flat cart was filled with hens.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • They are only human, like the rest of us.

    出自:Jan Morris
  • Both met women who were to fashion the rest of their lives.

    出自:W. M. Clarke
  • Let her rest in peace.

    出自:C. Kingsley
  • Mother would rest easier in her grave, knowing it was guarded.

    出自:F. O
  • My Lord, I rest your servant.

    出自:Henry VIII,Shakespeare
  • Rest assured that the more wise..you are, the happier you will be.

    出自:B. Jowett
  • Folks can..rest sure that their money is well spent.

    出自:K. Gibbons

rest的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. rest的基本意思是“休息”,即劳作过后的放松过程。可指睁着眼睛休息,也可指闭着眼睛休息,即睡眼,一般用作不可数名词,但其前可有不定冠词a修饰,表示“休息一会儿”或“…样的休息”。rest用作比喻可指使事物处于静止状态,是不可数名词。
  2. rest引申可作“支持物”解,支撑架、支座等,尤指直立物的支持物,是可数名词。
  3. the rest作“其余的”“剩余的”解时,在句中作主语代替可数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式; 代替不可数名词时,谓语动词用单数形式。
  4. rest不能用作定语修饰其他名词,若表示“余下的…东西”,须用the rest of结构。
v.(动词)
  1. rest用作动词的基本意思是“使休息”,指使某人或某物停止活动或停止说话,让其处于静止的状态以恢复体力或振奋精神,引申可表示“使轻松”“使安静”。rest还可作“(使)倚靠〔支撑〕”解。
  2. rest可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,其后多接反身代词或表示动物及人体某一部位的名词作宾语。
  3. rest还可作系动词,意思是“仍是”,接名词或形容词作表语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
take (one's) rest, have〔take〕 a rest
这两个短语在意思上有差别:前者常表示“就寝”,后者常表示“休息”。
rest, repose
这两个词都可表示“休息”。其区别是:
rest为普通用词,指劳作之后的放松过程; repose为正式用语,并不一定含有劳作后的放松过程的意味。例如:
Don't disturb her repose.不要吵醒她。
rest, remainder, remains, residue
这组词都有“剩余”的意思。其区别是:
remains指某物已用掉或毁掉一部分后的剩余部分或残余部分; remainder着重指作了扣除之后剩下的东西,也可指算术中的差数或余数; residue指某一过程中的残余物,尤指在化学反应中; rest表示在原有总体上剩下来的人或事物。例如:
Take five from eight and the remainder is three. 8减5余3。
Twenty of us went to reap wheat and the remainder worked in the cotton fields.我们之中20人去割麦,其余人在棉花田劳动。
Mary scraped the residue of food from the plates before putting them under water.玛丽在把盘子放入水之前先刮去上面的食物残渣。
There is a green residue in the bottom of the test tube.试管底部有绿色的沉淀物。
Keep the rest for yourself.剩下的都给你了。
v.(动词)
rest on, rest with
这两个短语意思不同:rest on的意思是“依靠,依赖”, rest with的意思是“在于,取决于”。例如:
Science rests on observation.科学要靠观察。
The decision rests with you.决策由你负责定夺。
break rest pause interval recess cease stop end
这些名词均含有“中止,停止,休息”之意。
  • break:break非正式用词,指突然的或短时间的中止,如工作或活动期间短暂休息。
  • rest:rest指统称的休息。
  • pause:pause指短暂的中断或停止,含再进行下去的意味。
  • interval:interval指一出戏在幕与幕之间,音乐会上下串场之间或演出中预先安排的休息;也可泛指事件之间的一段时间。
  • recess:recess正式用词,指业务活动或工作中短暂的或长时间的休息。
  • cease:cease正式用词,侧重逐渐结束某活动或状态,含永远结束的意味。
  • stop:stop普通用词,指迅速或突然中止某行为、活动或状态。
  • end:end多指“自然的结束”。
comfort ease leisure relaxation relief rest
这些名词均含“舒适,安逸、悠闲”之意。
  • comfort:comfort通常指在摆脱烦人、痛苦的事情,或在要求、愿望得到满足后所感到的舒适。
  • ease:ease指因没有担心和忧虑而轻松。
  • leisure:leisure专指闲暇时间或悠闲状态。
  • relaxation:relaxation强调消除肌肉疲劳或思想的紧张状态,使身心松弛,得到休息。
  • relief:relief侧重有消除痛苦、不适或困难的负担,常暗含不利因素已不存在的意味。
  • rest:rest与work相对,强调消除身心疲劳,不着重休息方式。
remainder surplus rest remains balance
这些名词均含“剩余部分”之意。
  • remainder:remainder含义较广,可指数学运算中的余数,也指从整体取走或用掉部分后的所余部分,或一群人走掉一部分剩下的人。
  • surplus:surplus表盈余。
  • rest:rest最普通用词与定冠词连用,指任何指定数量的人或物等。
  • remains:remains常指人或动物死后的遗体或遗骨,也指古代文明的遗迹或去世作家尚未发表的遗稿。
  • balance:balance指支取存款的余额或减去各种开支后的尾数。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 学校明天停课。

    The school will be rest tomorrow.

    There will be no lessons tomorrow.

    表示“停课”不能用rest。

  2. 只有两个学生留在教室里,其余的都去图书馆了。

    Only two students remain in the classroom, and the rest has gone to the library.

    and the rest have gone to the library.

    the rest表示“其余的”,当它用作主语时,其谓语动词用单数还是用复数,要根据the rest所指的内容来定。句中的the rest等于the rest of the students,其中students是复数,因此谓语动词要用复数形式。

v.(动词)
  1. 错误仍然没有改正。

    The mistake still rests uncorrected.

    The mistake rests uncorrected.

    rest作为系动词,本身就含有“依旧”的意思,因此,加用像still这样的副词是多余的。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的rste,意为休息,劳动间歇;最初源自古北欧语的rasjto。

rest的相关资料:

正版词典

rest : 剩余,残余 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
rest : 剩余, 胎 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rest : (人或物)剩 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • restful adj. 平静的,悠闲的,让人得到休息的

缩略词

rest的相关缩略词,共有21

互动百科

  • rest:概念准则 REST(Representational State Transfer)是一种针对网络应用的设计和开发方式,可以降低开发的复杂性,提高系统的可伸缩性。REST提出了一些设计概念和准则:1…

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