preserve

  核心词汇  
[prɪ'zɜːv]     [prɪ'zɜːrv]    
  • v. 保护;保存;保持
  • n. 禁猎区;蜜饯
preservable preservability preserved preserved preserving preserves
new

preserve的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 保护,维护,保养,防护
  2. 保存,保留,保藏,保管,储藏
  3. 把…做成蜜饯
  4. 把…制成罐头食品
  5. 禁猎,把…划为禁猎区,圈禁地
  6. 防腐,保鲜
  7. 做蜜饯,做果酱,制罐头
  8. 保持(原状),维持(…的原状)
  9. 腌,渍(果物)
  10. 把…制成罐头(食品)
  11. 使流传
n. (名词)
  1. 果酱,蜜饯,糖脯
  2. 护目镜,遮光眼镜,防尘眼镜
  3. 禁猎区, 禁猎地
  4. 保护区
  5. 包揽的事物
  6. 防护用品,防护物
  7. 鱼塘
  8. 保藏物
  9. 罐头
  10. 猎物
  11. 独占的活动范围
  12. 储存
  13. 专门领域
  14. 腌菜

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 保护 keep safe from harm or danger
  2. vt. 维持 keep from loss; retain qualities, etc.

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a domain that seems to be specially reserved for someone;

    "medicine is no longer a male preserve"

  2. a reservation where animals are protected

  3. fruit preserved by cooking with sugar

Verb:
  1. keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last;

    "preserve the peace in the family"
    "continue the family tradition"
    "Carry on the old traditions"

  2. keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction;

    "We preserve these archeological findings"
    "The old lady could not keep up the building"
    "children must be taught to conserve our national heritage"
    "The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts"

  3. to keep up and reserve for personal or special use;

    "She saved the old family photographs in a drawer"

  4. prevent (food) from rotting;

    "preserved meats"
    "keep potatoes fresh"

  5. maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger;

    "May God keep you"

  6. keep undisturbed for personal or private use for hunting, shooting, or fishing;

    "preserve the forest and the lakes"

preserve的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It is highly important to preserve the environment.
    保护自然环境至关重要。
  2. It's the duty of the police to preserve the public order.
    维护公共秩序是警察的职责。
  3. You should preserve your papers for future use.
    你应当把你的文件保存起来以备将来之用。
  4. I tried to preserve my independence.
    我试图保持自己的独立性。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. No hunting is allowed in the preserve .
    在禁猎区内不许打猎。
  2. Mother made some preserves.
    母亲做了一些蜜饯。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We must preserve our natural resources.
    我们必须保护自然资源。
  2. The ship is equipped with special refrigerating devices to preserve food.
    船上有特设的冷藏设备,用来保存食物。
  3. It was his firm conviction that every effort should be made to preserve world peace.
    他坚信应尽一切努力维护世界和平。
  4. It is the duty of the police to preserve public order.
    维护公共秩序是警察的职责。
  5. I stood there, determined to preserve my dignity.
    我站在那儿,决心维护自己的尊严。
  6. The comrades must be helped to preserve the style of plain living and hard struggle.
    务必使同志们保持艰苦奋斗的作风。
  7. 1
  8. Fish are preserved in ice and salt until they are sold.
    鱼在卖出之前保存于冰和盐中。
  9. I think these interesting old customs should be preserved.
    我认为这些有趣的旧习俗应该保留下来。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
preserve from (v.+prep.)
    防止; 保护…不… keep sth from sth
    preserve sth from sth

    Salt preserves food from decay.

    盐能防止食物腐烂。

    What can we do to preserve the company from ruin?

    我们怎么做才能保护这家公司不破产?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Golf is still predominantly a male preserve.

    出自:Accountancy
  • The Lord preserve thy Grace!

    出自:2 Henry IV , Shakespeare
  • No amount of goodness and obedience can preserve you from danger.

    出自: D. Rowe

preserve的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. preserve的基本意思是“保持”,指把某物“收藏”或“保存”好,强调要采取措施使某物完好无损或质量不变,可用于有形物,也可用于无形物。引申可表示“维持”。
  2. preserve只用作及物动词,接名词、代词作宾语。
  1. preserve既可做名词,也可做动词。作为动词意为“保留”,“保存”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
preserve, keep, reserve, retain
  • 这组词都有“保存”“保留”或“保持”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.keep指把某一事物置于自己的权力或管理之下; retain和reserve同义,均指继续“保持”或“保存”某事物, retain是较为正式的用语,还可指记住某事; preserve指把某物“收藏”或“保存”好。
  • 2.retain含有不失去的意味; reserve则强调继续保持而不致失去; preserve强调防止破坏作用,要采取措施使某物完好无损或质量不变。例如:
  • His business has been taken over by a big corporation, but he still retains some control over it.他的商店被一家大公司接管了,但他仍保留部分控制权。
  • You'd better reserve your strength for tomorrow's climb.你最好留点力气明天爬山。
  • Salt preserves food from decay.盐能防止食物腐烂。
  • preserve, conserve, hoard, maintain, save, stockpile, store
  • 这组词的共同意思是“贮藏”。其区别是:
  • 1.store指在一个特殊的地方贮藏大量的东西,所堆存的量可以很大,也可以较小; save意为“保存,挽救,节约”,表示特别急需、紧迫,一旦失去就难以用其他东西代替的物品,或者特指紧急挽救某人或某物使其脱离损害、危险或死亡,也可表示贮藏、节约以防他日之需,这时save往往指点滴积累而非一日之功; maintain意为“维持,保持”,着重指在数量上的节约使用并不断补充,意味着只需按惯例去做,便可维持现状,而不必担心枯竭。多用于指小心维护机器设备、房屋,甚至精心饲养家禽等,进行规律性地保养维修以保持良好的状态,也用于抽象事物,如维持健康或友谊等; preserve意为“保护,维护”,是较正式的用语,强调使用某种特殊方法将一珍贵事物妥善保存使其不受丝毫损伤,甚至完整如初; conserve意为“保存,保藏”,指对所拥有的某种珍贵物品、某种资源或有实用价值的东西合理而科学的使用,不浪费,并暗示一旦用完,将难以找到别的东西来代替它; hoard意为“贮存,囤积”,指对贵重物品或粮食等令人不愉快的囤积,如出于恐惧、贪婪或精神失常等; stockpile意为“大量贮存”,一般指贮藏原料或必需品供将来之用。
  • 2.store是普通用语; 其他的几个词是正式用语。例如:
  • He saved his strength for the end of the race.他保存体力准备在赛跑的最后关头进行冲刺。
  • I hope you will maintain your recent improvement.我希望你能保持最近取得的进步。
  • The ancient Egyptians knew ways to preserve dead bodies.古埃及人懂得保存尸体的方法。
  • Conserve your energy—you'll need it!保存你的精力——你会用得着的!
  • After the war, they were shot for hoarding food.战后他们因囤积食品而被枪决。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的preserver;最初源自后期拉丁语的prservare:pr (前) + servare (保持安全),意为提前防备。

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