justify

  核心词汇  
['dʒʌstɪfaɪ]     ['dʒʌstɪfaɪ]    
  • vt.替 ... 辩护;证明 ... 正当;调整版面
justified justified justifying justifies
new

justify是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 证明…正确
  2. 证明...有道理,证明…有理
  3. 【律】提出充分法律证据,为...提供法律根据
  4. 宣誓证明(自己)有财力作保,证明自己财力上有资格作保证人
  5. 【印】整版,装版,整理...的版面
  6. 各行长度正合适
  7. 证明...是正当的,证明合法,证明正当
  8. 为...辩护,证明...无罪 ,开释,辩解,对…作出解释
  9. 是...的正当理由
  10. 【印】使齐行,排整齐
  11. 调整使全行排满
  12. 证明
  13. 把…释罪, 宣布…为无罪,赦免
  14. 为所做的事情提供充分的理由
  15. 调整铅字间隔使齐行,左边每行排齐

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 为…辩护 be or give a good reason for

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
justify : 对齐 ...
justify : 对齐,齐行 ...
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justify : (版位)调 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. show to be reasonable or provide adequate ground for;

    "The emergency does not warrant all of us buying guns"
    "The end justifies the means"

  2. show to be right by providing justification or proof;

    "vindicate a claim"

  3. defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning;

    "rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"
    "he rationalized his lack of success"

  4. let off the hook;

    "I absolve you from this responsibility"

  5. adjust the spaces between words;

    "justify the margins"

justify的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He had to justify himself for his conduct.
    他不得不为自己的行为辩白。
  2. Don't try to justify your mistakes.
    不要为自己的缺点辩护。
  3. Such action can be justified on the grounds of greater efficiency.
    以提高功效为依据可以证明采取这种措施是正确的。
  4. Click on this icon to align or justify text.
    点击图标排列调整文本。

常见句型

(verb)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. You can hardly justify such conduct.
    你几乎无法证明此种行为是正当的。
  2. Can you justfy your decision?
    你能证明你的决定正确吗?
  3. How are you going to justify your act?
    你如何为你的行为辩护呢?
  4. How can you justify your rude behaviour?
    你能怎样来替你的无礼行为辩护呢?
  5. How can you justify your neglect of duty?
    你能怎样为你玩忽职守辩护?
  6. They felt obliged to justify his act.
    他们感到不得不为他的行动辩护。
  7. The spokesman of the government justified the action of his government.
    政府发言人证明政府的举动是有理由的。
  8. The course of events fully jastifies our views.
    事情的发展充分证明我们的意见是正确的。
  9. The fine quality of this cloth justifies its high price.
    这块布质量好,价钱贵是合理的。
  10. Her special skills justified her higher salary.
    她的特殊技能说明她为何领较高的薪水。
  11. Our success justified his faith in us.
    我们的成功证明了他对我们的信心是正确的。
  12. The pursuit of good ends does not justify the employment of bad means.
    追求的目的正当并不能证明可以使用不好的手段。
  13. No amount of sophistry can justify one country's intervention in the internal affairs of another country.
    任何诡辩都不能证明一国干涉别国内政是正当的。
  14. This does not justify his long absence.
    这不能说明他长期缺席是对的。
  15. This of course does not justify their discrimination against the Black people.
    这当然不能说明他们歧视黑人是对的。
  16. Nothing can justify such behaviour.
    这样的行为不管怎么说总是不对的。
  17. He has a strong desire to justify himself.
    他迫切想为自己辩护。
  18. You shouldn't attempt to justify yourself.
    你不应想方设法证明自己有理。
  19. I hope you're able to justify yourself.
    我希望你能自圆其说。
  20. I'm not going to try and justify or excuse myself.
    我不想为我自己辩护或辩解。
  21. She had no need to justify herself.
    他没有必要为自己辩解。
  22. 用于be ~ed结构
  23. The decision has therefore been fully justified.
    因此,这个决定已被证明完全有必要。
  24. Such measures are easilyjustified and meet with approval.
    这类措施很容易被证明有必要,因而获得批准。
S+~+(sb/sb's) v -ing
  1. What can justify doing it?
    有什么理由要这样做?
  2. The experiments justify changing the normal method of work.
    这些实验说明应当改变惯常的工作方法。
  3. You can't justify neglecting your wife and children.
    你不关心妻子儿女是说不过去的。
  4. The experiments justify changing the normal method of work.
    这些实验说明改变通常的方法是对的。
  5. So how did they justify putting the thing on gallery wall?
    那么他们对把这东西放在美术馆的墙上作何解释呢?
  6. Does this justify your taking legal action?
    难道这能证明你诉诸法律是有理的吗?
  7. Yor wish to go for a walk does not justify your leaving the baby alone in the house.
    你想出外散步并不能成为将婴儿独自丢在家中的理由。
  8. They found it hard to justify their son's giving up a secure well-paid job.
    他们难以理解儿子竟然放弃了收入颇丰的稳定工作。
  9. The heavy rain does not justify your being late for school.
    你不能因为下大雨就可以上学迟到。
S+~+oneself + for sth
  1. You must not justify yourself for your carelessness.
    你不应该为你的粗心大意辩解。
  2. She mustn't justify herself for her mistakes.
    她不应该为自己的错误辩解。
  3. How are you going to justify yourself for your impoliteness?
    你将如何为你的不礼貌辩解呢?
  4. He tried to justify his absence with lame excuses.
    他想用站不住脚的借口为自己的缺席辩解。
  5. 
    句型
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. How can you justify your rude behaviour?
    你能怎样来替你的无礼行为辩护呢?
  2. He tried to justify his absence with lame excuses.
    他想用站不住脚的借口为自己的缺席辩解。
  3. You shouldn't attempt to justify yourself.
    你不应想方设法证明自己有理。
  4. You can hardly justify such conduct.
    你几乎无法证明此种行为是正当的。
  5. The course of events justifies our views.
    事实的发展证明我们的意见是正确的。
  6. You must not justify yourself for your carelessness.
    你不应该为你的粗心大意辩解。
  7. She mustn't justify herself for her mistakes.
    她不应该为自己的错误辩解。
  8. Nothing can justify you in treatment of him.
    什么也不能证明你这样对他是正当的。
  9. No amount of sophistry can justify one country's intervention in the internal affairs of another country.
    任何诡辩也不能证明一国干涉别国内政是正当的。
  10. No consideration on earth justifies a parent in telling lies to his child.
    无论出于哪种考虑,家长都没有理由对孩子撒谎。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. This criticism is justified by the facts.
    事实证明这次批评是完全正确的。
  13. That judgement seems to have been justified by time.
    时间似乎证明那种判断是对的。
  14. Their reasoning was correct, and it was eventually justified by events.
    他们的推理正确,事实终于证明那种判断是正确的。
  15. What they said was justified and well-founded.
    他们的话是有理由、有充分根据的。
  16. He is fully justified in leaving the matter untouched.
    他对此置之不理是完全有道理的。
  17. You are fully justified in refusing the offer.
    你完全有理由拒绝那项建议。
  18. With such large losses I would not be justified in leaving matters as they are.
    损失这么大,我没有理由对这些事置之不理。
S+~+(sb/sb's) v -ing
  1. What can justify doing it?
    有什么理由要这样做?
  2. You can't justify neglecting your wife and children.
    你不关心妻子儿女是说不过去的。
  3. The experiments justify changing the normal method of work.
    这些实验说明改变通常的方法是对的。
  4. Does this justify you taking legal action?
    这就是你提起诉讼的理由吗?
  5. They found it hard to justify their son's giving up a secure well-paid job.
    他们难以理解儿子竟然放弃了收入颇丰的稳定工作。

常用短语

(verb)
justify as(v.+prep.)
  1. 证明…作为某物是合法的 justify sth as sth

    The playhouse was forced to justify itself as a serious cultural endeavor.这个剧场不得不以自己作为严肃的文化场所为理由为其存在辩护。

justify by(v.+prep.)
  1. 以…证明…是正当的 make (sth) seem right because of or by means of (sth or doing sth) justify sb/oneself/sth by n./v-ing

    The prisoner has certainly justified his claims by his actions.那个囚犯确实已用自己的行动表明他的要求是正当的。

    He failed to justify both by argument and instance the life he had led.他未能通过辩解和论证来说明他有理由那样生活。

    The boy justified himself by saying he did not begin the fight.这个男孩为自己辩护说,他没有首先动手打人。

    He justified his act by pretending that it was his duty to do so.他为自己的行动辩护,声称有责任这么做。

    The boy justified himself by saying he did not begin the fight.那男孩儿为自己辩解说他没有首先动手打架。

    The criminal attempted to justify his crime by claiming that he had not been responsible for his actions.那犯人声称对纵火案发生时他的行为没有责任,试图借此开脱罪责。

    用于be ~ed结构

    This criticism is justified by the facts.事实证明这次批评是完全正确的。

    It is amply justified by the result.结果充分证明其正确。

    That judgement seems to have been justified by time.时间似乎证明那种判断是对的。

    Their reasoning was correct, and it was eventually justified by events.他们的推理正确,事实终于证明那种判断是正确的。

justify in(v.+prep.)
  1. 证明…是正当的 justify sb/oneself/sth in v-ing/n

    Can you justfy yourself in saying that?你能证明你有充分理由那样说吗?

    Nothing can justify you in your treating her that way.没有什么理由说明你应当那样对待她。

    用于be ~ed结构

    What they said was justified and well-founded.他们的话是有理由、有充分根据的。

    Are you sure that your comments are justified?你肯定你的意见是有道理的吗?

    He is fully justified in doing so.他这样做是有充分理由的。

    You are fully justified in refusing the offer.你完全有理由拒绝那项建议。

    The constable was justified in shooting an escaped criminal in self-defence.警察出于自卫而枪击逃犯的行为被判无罪。

    They were justtified in turning down our proposal.他们没采纳我们的建议是有道理的。

    They are perfectly justified in taking these steps.他们采取这些步骤是完全有道理的。

    He is fully justified in leaving the matter untouched.他对此置之不理是完全有道理的。

    With such large losses I would not be justified in leaving matters as they are.损失这么大,我没有理由对这些事置之不理。

justify on the ground(v.+prep.+n.)
  1. 以…为理由,证明…是对的,正当的 justify on/upon the ground of sth/that-clause

    He justified his seizure of power on the grounds of an alleged conspiracy.他借有人密谋为由说他的篡权是正当的。

    用于be ~ed结构

    Such behaviour is amply justified on these grounds.依据这些理由足以说明这些行为是正当的。

    The plan is justified on the ground that the farm can not be divided.这个计划被证明是合理的,其根据在于农场不能分家。

justify to(v.+prep.)
  1. 向(某人)证明…是对的,正当的 make (sth) seem right to (sb) justify oneself/sth to sb

    What have I done to justify your anger to me?我干了什么错事惹得你对我发火?

    He tried to justify himself to me by saying that he was late.他说他来晚了,企图以此向我辩解。

用作动词 (v.)
justify by (v.+prep.)
  1. 以…证明,证明(某事)是正当的 make (sth) seem right because of or by means of (sth or doing sth) justify oneself/sth by sth/v-ing

    The boy justified himself by saying he did not begin the fight.这个男孩为自己辩护说,他没有首先动手打人。

    The prisoner has certainly justified his claims by his actions.那个囚犯确实已用自己的行动表明他的要求是正当的。

justify to (v.+prep.)
  1. 向(某人)证明…是对的,正当的 make (sth) seem right to (sb) justify oneself/sth to sb

    Can you justify your rude behaviour to me?你能向我证明你的粗野行为是有道理的吗?

    What have I done to justify your anger to me?我干了什么错事惹得你对我发火?

    He tried to justify himself to me by saying that he was late.他说他来晚了,企图以此向我辩解。

词汇搭配

~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The difficult task of justifying science in the eyes of the nation.

    出自:M. Pattison
  • History..is always written to justify the survivors.

    出自:M. West
  • I don't have to justify myself to you.

    出自:M. Piercy

justify的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. justify是及物动词,作“证明…是正当的或有理由的”解时,后可接名词或动名词作宾语。作“为自己的言行辩护”解时,其后接“反身代词+for〔by〕 sth/ v -ing”结构。
  2. justify在用于被动语态时,有时相当于汉语里的“有道理”,后面常接“in+ n./v -ing”。
  3. 在美式英语里, be justified后面有时可跟不定式短语,作“有理由做某事”解。例如:Physicians are bound and morally justified to relieve suffering.从职业道德上讲,医生应义不容辞地减轻患者的痛苦。
  4. 在美式英语里,有时可以说justify...as...,表示“证明…作为某物是合法的”。例如:The playhouse was forced to justify itself as a serious cultural endeavor.这个剧场被迫辩解自己是严肃的文化场所。

词义辨析

verb
justify by, justify in
这两个短语意思和用法都相近,其区别是:
1.在意思上,in的宾语往往表示有理由所做的事的具体内容;而by的宾语往往表示证明做某事有理的方式。
2.在用法上,in后常接动名词;而in后常接名词。
justify, warrant
这两个词都可以表示“为…提供情况或根据”。其区别是:
1.justify着重强调提供道德或理智方面的证据; warrant指提供权威、先例、经验或合乎逻辑的理由、根据来证明某事是有道理的。例如:
No consideration on earth justifies a parent in telling lies to his child.无论出于哪种考虑,家长都没有理由对孩子撒谎。
The history and appearance clearly warrant such assumption. 历史与现实清楚地证明了这一假设。
2.justify常用于对非正义行为表示反对; warrant常用于对某人或某事的支持。例如:
Can you justify your rude behaviour to me?你能向我说明你的粗野行为是有道理的吗?
I'll warrant him an honest and reliable fellow. 我可以保证他是一个诚实可靠的人。
justify, account for, explain, rationalise
这组词都有“讲明原因,进行合理的说明”的意思。其区别在于:
1.account for多表示对金钱、货物的使用或开销等作出说明;explain主要用于解释那些性质神秘、缺乏充足理由或者前后矛盾而令人费解的事物;rationalise指为自己不合情理的行为或观点找出原因;justify则用于证明某人或某种言行是正确的。
2.explain在本族词中使用最普遍。justify的语气最强,给出的理由最有说服力。
例如:
He was unable to account for the deficit in the firm's bank balance.他无法解释这家公司在银行结账为什么会超支。
These sciences have noy succeeded in explaining the phenomena of life. 科学并未能成功地解释生命现象。
I can't rationalize my absurd fear of insects.我怕昆虫,毫无道理,不能合理地解释。
I do not see at all how he can justify himself for such conduct. 我完全想不出他如何为自己的行为辩解。
justify, assert, defend, maintain, vindicate
这组词都有“坚信”的意思。其区别在于:maintain指坚持维护某种主张或某一事物,暗示在反对意见面前或在争论当中怀有坚定不移的信念; assert强调把自己的信念强加于人或者企图硬要别人信服或认可; defend专指捍卫某种行动、意见、决定等以免受到非难、惩罚或责备; vindicate特指在受到非难、责备、轻视等时为自己辩明或剖白; justify指用无可辨别的理由“证明…有道理或有根据”。例如:
He maintains his innocence. 他坚持说他无辜。
He asserted that he had seen it happen. 他断言他曾看见那事发生。
He made a long speech defending his view. 他做了冗长的演说为其观点辩护。
The verdict “Not guilty” vindicated him. “无罪”的判决证明了他的无辜。
He is fully justify in doing so. 他这样做是完全有道理的。
v.(动词)
justify, warrant
这组词都可以表示“为…提供情况或根据”。其区别是:
justify指如果不加辩护就要受到非难,强调为其行为提供根据或理由; warrant指提供先例、经验或合乎逻辑的理由、根据来证明某事是有道理的。
justify, assert, defend, maintain, vindicate
这组词都有“坚持”的意思。其区别在于:maintain指坚持维护某种主张或某一事物,暗示在反对意见面前或在争论当中怀有坚定不移的信念; assert强调把自己的信念强加于人或者企图硬要别人信服或认可; defend专指捍卫某种行动、意见、决定等以免受到非难、惩罚或责备; vindicate特指在受到非难、责备、轻视等时为自己辩明或剖白; justify指用无可辨别的理由“证明…有道理或有根据”。
justify warrant
这两个动词均含“为……提供理由或根据”之意。
  • justify:justify强调所提供的根据或理由不仅会迎合理性还满足了良心,并且含“如果不提供理由辨护就会受到非难”的意味。
  • warrant:warrant指有充分的理由或有必要做某事。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的justifer;最初源自古典拉丁语的justiifcare,意为公正地对待。

justify的相关资料:

正版词典

justify : 证明…是正 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • justify:justify v. 证明...是正当的…

临近单词

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