defend

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'fend]     [dɪ'fend]    
  • v. 防守;防护;辩护
defendable defender defended defended defending defends
new

defend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 保卫,防御,防守,驻防,警卫,捍卫
  2. 【体】防守
  3. 为...答辩
  4. 【律】进行辩护;为…辩护;作(某人)的辩护律师
  5. 辩解,辩白,抗辩
  6. 保护...使免于
  7. <废>禁止
  8. (足球、曲棍球等)参加卫冕赛
  9. 维护,拥护

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 保卫 protect; make safe; keep safe from harm; protect against attack
  2. vt. & vi. 辩护; 辩解 support, protect, or show the rightness by argument

英英释义

Verb:
  1. argue or speak in defense of;

    "She supported the motion to strike"

  2. be on the defensive; act against an attack

  3. protect against a challenge or attack;

    "Hold that position behind the trees!"
    "Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks"

  4. fight against or resist strongly;

    "The senator said he would oppose the bill"
    "Don't fight it!"

  5. protect or fight for as a champion

  6. be the defense counsel for someone in a trial;

    "Ms. Smith will represent the defendant"

  7. state or assert;

    "He maintained his innocence"

defend的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Some players are better at defending.
    有些运动员较擅长打防卫。
  2. The union said that they would take action to defend their member's jobs.
    工会说他们将采取行动维护会员的工作权益。
  3. He was afraid of being attacked by Liu Bei and Sun Quan, so he sent a troop to defend Jingzhou.
    他害怕刘备和孙权继续向他进攻,派人在荆州防守。
  4. She demonstrated how best to defend oneself.
    她示范最有效的自卫方法。
  5. He undertook to defend this attitude.
    他开始为这一态度辩护。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He is better at defending than attacking.
    他的防御能力比进攻能力强。
  2. Who is defending in this case?
    此案谁做辩护律师?
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron./v -ing
  1. Finally they took up arms to defend themselves.
    他们最后终于拿起武器进行自卫。
  2. They raised a large army to defend their country.
    他们集结了大量军队来保卫自己的国家。
  3. We shall defend our country, whatever the cost may be.
    无论付出什么代价,我们都要保卫我们的国家。
  4. The soldiers are fighting bravely to defend their country.
    士兵们正为保卫祖国而英勇战斗。
  5. The duty of a soldier is to defend his country.
    士兵的职责就是要保卫国家。
  6. During the Warring States period, more walls were put up to defend the borders of the different kingdoms.
    战国时期,各国修建了许多城墙来保卫边境。
  7. The country needs a stronger army to defend itself.
    这个国家需要一支更加强大的军队来捍卫。
  8. They couldn't prevent us defending the rights of students.
    他们不能阻挠我们捍卫学生们的权利。
  9. He had defended the institution of a celibate priesthood.
    他捍卫了独身牧师制度。
  10. He incurred the wrath of the emperor for defending Li Ling.
    他因为替李陵说话,触怒了皇帝。
  11. She defended herself successfully in court.
    她在法庭上成功地为自己进行了辩护。
  12. The accused had a lawyer to defend him.
    被告有个律师来替他辩护。
  13. You'll need lawyers to defend you.
    你将需要请律师为你辩护。
  14. He defends his doctrine in his book.
    他在书中为自己的学说辩解。
  15. He made a long speech defending his ideas.
    他发表一长篇演说为他的见解辩护。
  16. He is so obstinate that he still tries to defend his theory, although it has been proved wrong.
    他固执极了,尽管他的理论已被证明是错的,可他还在设法为其辩护。
  17. I can't defend his drinking on the job.
    我不能为他在工作时喝酒辩解。
  18. 1
  19. The city was defended by mountains on three sides.
    这座城市三面有山的保护。
  20. This view was also defended by other deputies.
    其他代表也在为这一观点辩护。
S+~+that-clause
  1. God defends that ever I should do such a thing.
    上帝决不允许我做这样的事。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. This was his world, he could defend it secure from fear.
    这是他的世界,他能使它免受恐惧。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
defend against (v.+prep.)
    保护…不受,防御 protect against attack
    defend sb/oneself/sth against sb/sth

    They tried to defend themselves against the enemy with all their might.

    他们竭尽全力抵御敌人。

    We must defend ourselves against the invaders.

    我们必须防御入侵之敌。

    She defended herself against a false accusation.

    她试图反驳别人对她的诬告。

    He defended himself against robbery.

    他对抢劫进行了自卫。

    The sentry defended the platoon against sudden attack.

    哨兵保卫那个排不受突然袭击。

    We defend our country against enemies.

    我们抵御敌人,保卫我们的国家。

    Their duty is to defend their country against both domestic and foreign enemies' attack.

    他们的职责是保卫国家不受国内外敌人的侵害。

    The newspaper defended her against the accusations.

    报纸为她受到的指控进行辩护。

    The fort cannot be defended against an air attack.

    这座要塞无法抵御空袭。

defend from (v.+prep.)
    保护…使不受危险 protect out of danger
    defend sb/sth from sb/sth/v-ing

    We defended her from harm.

    我们保护她免受伤害。

    The law defends people from injustice.

    法律保护人民不受冤屈。

    He made a long speech defending his views from objection.

    他作了长篇讲演来保护他的观点不遭反对。

    The dyke was built to defend the road from being washed away by the sea.

    建筑这座堤坝是为了保护公路不被海水冲垮。

defend with (v.+prep.)
    用…来保卫 protect sb with sth
    defend with sth

    Our two guards defended with great skill.

    我队的两名后卫技巧娴熟地进行防守。

    defend sb/oneself with sth

    We defended ourselves with guns.

    我们拿枪进行自卫。

    When the dog attacked me,I defended myself with a stick.

    当那条狗袭击我时,我用手杖自卫。

    We will defend our motherland with our blood and lives.

    我们要用鲜血和生命保卫祖国。

    They were defended with guns.

    他们带着枪作为防卫。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Trees..defended and clad with thick leaued branches.

    出自: P. Holland
  • Defending the airport against enemy attack.

    出自: F. Fitzgerald

defend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. defend的基本意思是避开危险和进攻以保证安全,指使用某种方法避开实际的威胁或击退实际的攻击。引申可指坚持、捍卫某种行动、意见、决定或捍卫某种原则的纯洁性。
  2. defend可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,用作及物动词时,按名词、代词或that从句作宾语。偶尔也可接双宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. defend常与against连用表示“防守,捍卫”; 与from连用表示“保护…以防,使…免遭危害”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
defend, assert, justify, maintain, vindicate
  • 这组词都有“坚持”的意思。其区别在于:maintain指坚持维护某种主张或某一事物,暗示在反对意见面前或在争论当中怀有坚定不移的信念; assert强调把自己的信念强加于人或者企图硬要别人信服或认可; defend专指捍卫某种行动、意见、决定等以免受到非难、惩罚或责备; vindicate特指在受到非难、责备、轻视等时为自己辩明或剖白; justify指用无可辨别的理由“证明…有道理或有根据”。
  • defend, guard, protect, safeguard, shield
  • 这组词的共同意思是“保护”。其区别是:
  • 1.defend指对迫在眉睫的危险或侵袭而采取武力或其他手段防御,也可指为某人辩护或捍卫原则的纯洁性; guard指小心翼翼地保持警惕,防止实际存在的或可能发生的危险,以确保人身安全; safeguard指采用保护措施防御潜在的危险; protect指借用某种东西作为防御、保护的工具,使人或物免受伤害; shield指将防护物置放在保护者和伤害物之间,有遮挡的意思。例如:
  • The soldiers defended the castle.士兵们守卫城堡。
  • The player was guarded closely by her opponent.那名运动员被她的对手紧紧地看住。
  • This special cream will protect your skin from the burning sun.这种独特的乳霜可以保护皮肤免受烈日的伤害。
  • This agreement will safeguard the newspapers from government interference.这项协定将保护报界免遭政府干预。
  • The police were equipped with riot shields.警察配备了防护盾牌。
  • 2.protect和shield两者相比较, shield在避开危险的成功率上没有protect高。
  • 3.这组词中语气最强烈的是safeguard。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      他们的责任是防御敌人。

      Their duty is to defend the enemy.

      Their duty is to defend themselves against the enemy.

      defend含义是“保卫自己,免受敌人攻击”,其宾语是保护的对象; against后接防御的对象。

      她保护她的孩子不被疯狗咬伤。

      She defended her children off the mad dog.

      She defended her children from the mad dog.

      表示“保护…使免遭危害”时, defend常与from连用。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的defendre;最初源自古典拉丁语的defendere:de (离开) + fendere (击打,推),意为击打开来,推开。
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