- v. 看守；守卫；保卫；提防
- n. 警戒；哨兵；防护装置；警卫；【体】后卫
- vt. & vi. 保护 keep from danger, watchfulness
- vt. & vi. 控制 control
- [U]警戒,警惕,守卫 state of watchfulness against attack, danger or surprise
- [C]警卫人员 (a) person (especially a soldier or policeman)
- [U]防御姿势 position of readiness to defend oneself, e.g. in boxing, fencing, bayonet-drill
- [C]防护装置 (part of an) article or apparatus designed to prevent injury or loss
a person who keeps watch over something or someone
the person who plays that position on a football team;
"the left guard was injured on the play"
a device designed to prevent injury or accidents
a posture of defence in boxing or fencing;
"keep your guard up"
the person who plays the position of guard on a basketball team
a military unit serving to protect some place or person
a precautionary measure warding off impending danger or damage or injury etc.;
"he put an ice pack on the injury as a precaution"
"an insurance policy is a good safeguard"
"we let our guard down"
the duty of serving as a sentry;
"he was on guard that night"
(American football) a position on the line of scrimmage;
"guards must be good blockers"
a position on a basketball team
to keep watch over;
"there would be men guarding the horses"
watch over or shield from danger or harm; protect;
"guard my possessions while I'm away"
protect against a challenge or attack;
"Hold that position behind the trees!"
"Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks"
take precautions in order to avoid some unwanted consequence;
"guard against becoming too friendly with the staff"
"guard against infection"
- He keeps a dog to guard the house.
- The dog guarded the house against strangers.
- Ten soldiers were detailed to guard the bridge.
- You must guard against catching a cold.
- Be on guard when somebody flatters you.
- He hit him when his guard was down.
- A sentry stood on guard at the corner.
- The guard did not quit his post all night long.
- Miners wore a helmet as a guard against falling rocks.
- The guard unlocked the cuffs of the prisoner.
- Three men guarded him whenever he went out.
- The soldiers guarded the prince whenever he left the palace.
- Two fierce griffins guarded the entrance to the castle.
- It's our duty to guard this bridge and not let the enemy pass.
- Guard the secret with your life, tell it to no one!
- Guard your temper.
- You'd better guard your tongue.
- The player was guarded closely by her opponent.
- When they exchanged ideas, their talk was too guarded.
- The boxer is hitting with his right arm, guarding with his left.
- All the prisoners are under close guard.
- His guard was down.
- He wears the guard on his expression.
- He dropped up his guard.
- The guard won't let you in if you don't show him your pass.
- A guard is made of eight soldiers.
- At the grand welcoming ceremony at the aIrport,the President reviewed a guard of honour made up of men of the fighting service.
- The guard of honour are gathering.
- The camp guards are exchanged every night.
- The guard of the train blew his whistle.
- Football players often wear shin guards.
- His brother is a Guards officer.
- guard against (v.+prep.)
避免,预防 take precaution to avoid sth
guard against sth/v-ing
We must guard against accident.
We must guard against such a situation.
Guard against mispronunciation when you learn a foreign language.
You must guard against catching a cold.
你一定要防止得感冒。guard sb/oneself/sth against sth
Take this medicine regularly, it will guard you against a return of the illness.
He guarded himself against vice.
Wear a hat to guard your face against the sun.
We were guarded by sentries against surprise attack.
- guard from (v.+prep.)
保护 keep from danger
guard sb/sth from sb/sth/v-ing
I will guard you from all dangers.
The wall guards the place from thieves.
This medicine will guard you from a cold.
The fence along the middle of the road is intended to guard vehicles from crashing into each other.
- a guard against
防护…的物件 (part of an) article or apparatus designed to prevent injury or loss
- off (one's) guard
毫无防备 unprepared for an attack, a surprise or a mistake
- on guard
站岗 on duty
- on one's guard
防备… defence sb/sth
on one's guard against sb/sth/v-ing
Be on your guard against thieves.
We shall have to be on our guard against making mistakes like that in the future.
- stand guard over
守卫 act as a sentry
- guard well 好好保护
- guard adequately 适当地保护
- guard carefully 谨慎提防
- guard circumspectly 谨慎地提防
- guard closely 严密看守
- guard dependably 可靠地保护
- guard jealously 戒备地提防
- guard rigidly 严守
- guard strongly 严密地提防
- guard zealously 积极地提防
- beat down sb's guard (拳击、击箭、板球比赛中)冲破某人的防御
- call out the guards 命令警卫人员行动
- catch sb off guard 乘其不备,使人措手不及
- change guard 换岗,交接班
- come off guard 下岗
- drop one's guard 失去警惕
- go on guard 上岗
- keep guard 站岗,放哨,警戒
- keep one's guard up 保持警惕
- place a guard at the door 在门口布岗
- put sb on his guard 使某人提防〔警惕〕
- stand guard for sb 为某人站岗〔放哨〕
- stand guard over sb 守卫〔看守〕某人
- imperial guards 禁卫军
- advance guard 前卫,先遣部队,先驱,先锋
- color guard (检阅时的)护旗队
- home guard 〈美〉地方志愿军成员
- honour guard 仪仗队
- knee guard 护膝
- nose guard 〈美〉鼻卫〔中卫〕
- palace guard 宫廷卫队
- police guard 治安警卫
- prison guard 〈美〉监狱看守人
- railway guard 列车员
The main gate..was locked at night so that no guard was necessary.出自： P. Bowles
Armoured cars with alert guards went by.出自： R. Ellison
Sail it alone to the coastguard station and tell the guards to come and help us.出自： E. Ardizzone
The talisman which..guards a house against the evil eye.出自： L. Durrell
To his uncle's wife he said nothing, guarding his purpose from her.出自： P. S. Buck
The entrance..was sealed off by a..gate guarded by heavily armed soldiers.出自： A. MacLean
- guard多用作及物动词,宾语通常是人,宾语后常接介词from表示“保护某人或某物不受…”; 偶尔也可用作不及物动词,与against连用表示“避免”“预防”。
- (the) Guards是“(英国)皇家禁卫军”的意思。
- guard, defend, protect, safeguard, shield
- 1.defend指对迫在眉睫的危险或侵袭而采取武力或其他手段防御,也可指为某人辩护或捍卫原则的纯洁性; guard指小心翼翼地保持警惕,防止实际存在的或可能发生的危险,以确保人身安全; safeguard指采用保护措施防御潜在的危险; protect指借用某种东西作为防御、保护的工具,使人或物免受伤害; shield指将防护物置放在保护者和伤害物之间,有遮挡的意思。例如:
- The soldiers defended the castle.士兵们守卫城堡。
- The player was guarded closely by her opponent.那名运动员被她的对手紧紧地看住。
- This special cream will protect your skin from the burning sun.这种独特的乳霜可以保护皮肤免受烈日的伤害。
- This agreement will safeguard the newspapers from government interference.这项协定将保护报界免遭政府干预。
- The police were equipped with riot shields.警察配备了防护盾牌。
- 2.protect和shield两者相比较, shield在避开危险的成功率上没有protect高。
- guard, guardian
- 1.guard的目的是为了防止、防御危险或攻击,防止犯人逃跑、闹事等; 而guardian指捍卫或保卫某种信仰、自由、主义等。例如:
- He effected his escape by slogging a guard.他猛击了一名看守,然后成功地逃跑了。
- A minister or a priest is considered a guardian of faith.牧师和教士被认为是信仰的护卫者。
- Mr. Smith is the guardian of that boy.史密斯先生是那个孩子的监护人。
误 All the prisoners are under a close guard.
正 All the prisoners are under close guard.如果我们放松了警惕,就会被欺骗。
误 If we drop our guards, we shall be fooled.
正 If we drop our guard, we shall be fooled.
析 guard作“警戒”“警惕”解时,是不可数名词,前面不能加不定冠词,后面不能加 -s 。他们在没有戒备时被敌人抓住。
误 They were caught without guard by the enemy.
正 They were caught off (their) guard by the enemy.他们尽力保持警惕。
误 They did their best to keep with their guard.
正 They did their best to keep on their guard.
析 表示“没有警惕”“毫无准备”时,应该用off (one's) guard,而不是without guard; 相应地,表示“保持警惕”应该用on one's guard而非with guard。
- ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语，直接源自中古法语的garde，意为守卫，看守，监狱长；最初源自该语的garder，意为守卫。