argue

  核心词汇  
['ɑːɡjuː]     ['ɑːrɡjuː]    
  • v.说服;争论;辩论
arguer argued argued arguing argues
new

argue是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 论证(说),(提出理由)证明,用辩证证明
  2. 争辩,争论,辩论,分辨(道),反驳说
  3. 表明(原因等)
  4. 议论,讨论
  5. 为作辩解,把辩解过去,对...做出...辩解
  6. 说服,劝说,劝服(某人)做某事
  7. 主张,认为
  8. 争论之点是
  9. 争吵,争执
  10. 坚决(主张)
  11. 说理
  12. 持异议
  13. 提供…证据,提出证明

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 争吵,辩论 quarrel
  2. vt. 坚决主张,提出理由证明 say why you think sth is right or wrong; provide reasons for or against
  3. vt. 说服,劝说 persuade sb by showing reasons for or against an idea or course of action, often with strong feeling

行业释义

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argue : 争论, 争吵 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. present reasons and arguments

  2. have an argument about something

  3. give evidence of;

    "The evidence argues for your claim"
    "The results indicate the need for more work"

argue的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. We argued her into joining us.
    我们说服她参加了宴会。
  2. The United States should, he argues, attempt to remain aloof.
    他认为,美国应保持超然态度。
  3. As we've seen, the experts argue about which diet is best.
    正如我们所看见,而专家们争论,是最好的饮食。
  4. They argued the case for hours.
    他们就这个案子辩论了几个小时。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Why are they always arguing?
    为什么他们老是争吵?
  2. They'll argue all night long, unless you stop them.
    要是没人阻止他们,他们会整夜地争论下去。
  3. You are arguing along the same old lines.
    你还是按老一套的思路来争论。
  4. It is useless to argue on a trifle.
    为琐事争论毫无用处。
  5. We have been arguing on this problem for two hours.
    我们对这个问题已经争论两个小时了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We argued the point for half an hour.
    这一点我们争论了半小时。
  2. The lawyers argued the case for hours.
    律师们辩论该案达数小时之久。
  3. It is difficult to argue the matter without hurting her feelings.
    就这件事进行争论而又不伤她的感情是困难的。
  4. Cadets should be allowed to argue any question that troubles the world.
    应当允许军校学员们辩论使世界不安的任何问题。
  5. Her flower arrangements argue her artistic taste.
    她的插花技巧显示出她的艺术鉴赏力。
  6. His clothes argue poverty.
    他的衣服表明他贫穷。
S+~+that-clause
  1. She argued that she should not go.
    她争辩说她不该去。
  2. The driver argued that he was not responsible for the collision at the crossroad.
    那位司机辩解说他对十字路口的撞车不负责任。
  3. He argued that man was descended from apes.
    他论证人类的祖先是类人猿。
  4. Her accent argues that she was born abroad .
    她的口音表明她出生在国外。
  5. The smoke coming from the chimney argues that there is somebody in the house.
    烟囱冒出来的烟表明这幢房子里有人。
引出直接引语
  1. “That is a wrong answer.”he argued.
    他争辩说,“那是个错误答案”。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron. +to be n./adj.
  1. His action argues him to be an honest man.
    他的行为表明他是个诚实的人。
  2. Her rich clothes argue her to be wealthy.
    她那华贵的衣服显出她富有。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
argue about( v.+prep. )
  1. 争论,辩论 disagree or quarrel about sth or doing sth argue about sth

    Nobody's arguing about that.这一点已经没有争论了。

    I won't argue about the matter.我不会争论这件事。

    They are arguing about the implication of this poem.他们正在争论这首诗的寓意。

argue against( v.+prep. )
  1. 不赞成,认为不该做 express an opinion opposing sb, sth or doing sth argue against sb/sth/v-ing

    They argued against such a policy.他们据理反对这种政策。

    Father argued against an increase in our pocket money.父亲为反对增加我们的零花钱而争论。

    He argued against the motion.他据理反对这一提议。

argue away〔off〕( v.+adv. )
  1. 辩解,不停地争论 quarrel about sth or doing sth argue away〔off〕

    They argued away yesterday morning.昨天上午他们一直争个没完。

    They sometimes argue off for hours.他们有时一争就是几小时。

    argue sth ⇔ away〔off〕

    He tried to argue the matter off.他力图把那件事搪塞过去。

    He simply could not argue away the fact that he had not done all he could.他没有尽力而为,这个事实他无法辩解。

argue back( v.+adv. )
  1. 反驳 retort argue back

    Every time I expressed an opinion, he argued back.每当我发表意见时他总是反驳。

    “Under no circumstance should a strong nation interfere in the internal affairs of another one,”he argued back at the debate.他在辩论中反驳说:“在任何情况下,强国都不该干涉弱国的内政。”

argue down( v.+adv. )
  1. 辩得(某人)无话可说 silence sb through argument argue sb ⇔ down

    Mrs. Hauser had argued down the landlord on this.豪斯尔太太在这点上把这个地主驳得无话可说。

    They argued him down fiercely.他们狠狠地驳得他哑口无言。

    The defender argued down the prosecutor at the court.辩护人在法庭上驳倒了起诉人。

    The director of the paper mill argued down an objection to the plan at disposal of waste at the meeting.这位造纸厂厂长在会上驳倒了对废物处理计划的反对意见。

    We finally argued them down.我们最后说服了他。

argue for( v.+prep. )
  1. 为赞成…而辩 express an opinion in favour of sth or doing sth argue for sth/v-ing

    The Opposition has long argued for changes in parliamentary rules.反对党长期以来为争取议会规章的改变而辩。

    Many experts had argued for the Three Gorges Water Conservancy Project for several years before its start.三峡工程上马以前,许多专家争论了好几年。

    They have been arguing for the past hour.他们一直争辩一个钟头了。

argue into( v.+prep. )
  1. 说服(某人)做某事 persuade sb by showing reasons for sth argue sb into v-ing

    He argued me into going.他劝我走。

    Jack argued me into buying the shirt.杰克劝说我买那件衬衫。

    They tried to argue him into joining them.他们劝他参加他们的活动。

    You want to argue me into agreeing to your proposal?你想说服我同意你的建议吗?

argue out( v.+adv. )
  1. 把…辩清楚 argue (a matter, a problem, etc.) to a satisfactory result argue sth ⇔ out

    Do you think we can argue the question out this afternoon?你认为今天下午我们能够把这个问题辩论清楚吗?

argue out of( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 说服某人不做某事 persuade sb not to do sth argue sb out of sth/v-ing

    He wanted to go to India but we argued him out of it.他要去印度,但我们已说服他不去。

    We argued him out of going on such a dangerous journey.我们劝说他别去做如此危险的旅行。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was argued out of his opposition at long last.他终于接受劝说,不再反对了。

argue over( v.+prep. )
  1. 就…争论或辩论 disagree or quarrel about sth or doing sth argue over sth

    Mary is always ready to argue over the smallest issues.玛丽总喜欢为极小的事而争论。

    My students argued over the correctness of his answer.我的学生们对他的答案是否正确互相争论。

    They are arguing vociferously over who should pay the bill.他们为谁该付账单大声争吵。

    They are always arguing over unimportant matters.他们老是在无关紧要的事上争论不休。

argue round( v.+adv. )
  1. 通过辩论使某人转变态度 bring sb round to a desired view by argument argue sb ⇔ round

    At first he was opposed to the scheme, but we managed to argue him round.他起初反对这个计划,可是我们通过辩论最终使他转变了态度。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    If you have once made a decision, stand by it, don't allow yourself to be argued round.一旦作出了决定,就要坚持下去,不要因别人说服而动摇。

argue with( v.+prep. )
  1. 与…争辩,争论 quarrel with sb argue with sb/sth

    Do what you are told and don't argue with me.照我说的去做,不要争辩。

    Don't argue with me, my decision is final.不要和我争辩了,我的决定是最终决定。

    They argued with each other about the best place for a holiday.他们彼此争论关于度假日的最好的地方。

    It is no use arguing with the people who won't see reason.与不讲理的人争论毫无用处。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Of good and evil much they argu'd then.

    出自:Milton
  • I am not..arguing for an equality of the two sexes.

    出自:M. W. Montagu
  • One cannot argue about personality. Its compelling power has to be accepted as a fact.

    出自:P. G. Wodehouse
  • We do not argue with the critic who urges that the stars are not hot enough for this process; we tell him to go and find a hotter place.

    出自:A. S. Eddington
  • A well-drilled child of the Scottish Enlightenment, a debater trained to argue back to first principles.

    出自:J. Gross

argue的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 注意去argue一件事情的时候,常指反对该事情,才去argue,若是赞成该事情,不该用argue,而是用dispute。
v.(动词)
  1. argue的基本意思是“争”,可以是双方为某事而争吵或争论; 也可以是单方运用事实或道理坚持自己的主张或证明自己的观点; 还可以是说服他人同意自己的观点。可以是激烈的争论; 也可以是沉着的辩论; 还可以是晓之以理的说服、劝说。argue还可表示为某事的真实性提供令人信服的根据,这时常可译作“说明”“表明”“显示”。
  2. argue作不及物动词时常接介词短语表示附加意义; 表示“为…而争论”时接 about , on或over; 表示“为反对…而争论”时接against; 表示“为赞成…而争论”时接for; 表示“与…争论”时接with。
  3. argue用作及物动词时,可接the matter, the point, the question之类的名词作宾语,也可接that引导的从句(有时可用虚拟语气)。
  4. argue作“说服”“劝说”解时,接out of表示“拒绝”,即“不做某事”; 接in表示“采纳”,即“做某事”。
  5. argue作“表明”解时,可接以“to be+ n./adj. ”作补足语的复合宾语。
  6. argue还可用于引出直接引语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
argue, argue about
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“辩论”。其区别是:
argue通常指有理有据地辩论,而argue about常可用来表示无理无据地争辩。例如:
  • Let's not argue that now.
  • 咱们现在不要争论那件事了。
  • Let's not argue about it now.
  • 咱们现在不要为那件事抬杠了。
argue, debate, discuss, dispute
这组词的共同意思是“辩论”“讨论”“争论”。其中最常用的是discuss,通过各种途径(摆事实或讲道理),分析各种观点(肯定的或否定的等),讨论各种问题(国家大事或日常小事等),采用各种方法(激烈争辩或平心静气探讨切磋)都可以用discuss。其他各词则各有侧重:argue强调主体确认自己的观点是正确的,引用单方面论据为自己辩解并批驳对方。debate强调公开地、有组织的讨论或辩论重大问题,口语中则强调不同观点激烈交锋。dispute则强调争论的激烈性,有争吵不休的味道,而内容则多为日常生活方面的事。例如:
Columbus argued that the world was round.哥伦布论证了地球是圆的。
They debated whether or not they should go to the movies.他们为是否该去看电影展开辩论。
Jack disputed Bill's statement that he was a faster swimmer.贝尔自称游泳快,杰克就此与贝尔争论不休。
argue, quarrel
这两个词的共同意思是“争论”。其区别在于:quarrel多指因琐事而争吵; argue常指论证自己的主张,着重说理。例如:
He hated to have quarrelled with her. 他后悔跟她吵架。
I argued with her about politics all day.就政见我和她争辩了一整天。
下面三个句子含义相同:
  • His action argues his honesty.
  • His action argues that he is an honest man.
  • His action argues him (to be) an honest man.
  • 他的行为说明他是个诚实的人。
argue quarrel debate dispute discuss reason
这些动词均含“辩论,争论,说理”之意。
  • argue:argue指提出理由或证据为自己或自己一方的看法或立场辩护,着重说理、论证和企图说服。
  • quarrel:quarrel指两人之间或两个团体之间不友好的、吵吵嚷嚷地大声争论某事,尤指“吵嘴、吵架”。
  • debate:debate侧重指意见等对立的双方之间正式或公开的争辩。
  • dispute:dispute侧重对分歧进行激烈或热烈的争论或争辩,带一定感情色彩,常隐含“各持已见”或“争论不休”意味。
  • discuss:discuss最常用词,指就某一或某些问题表明观点、看法等,以便统一认识,解决问题。
  • reason:reason指据理力争以说服对方或求得对问题作更深入的研究。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他们就如何花钱争论了好长时间。

    They argued for ages for how money should be spent.

    They argued for ages about〔over〕 how money should be spent.

    表示“就…争论”时, argue可与 about 或over连用,不能与for连用。

  2. 他竭力劝我戒烟。

    He argued me to give up smoking.

    He argued me into giving up smoking.

  3. 他说服她跟他结婚。

    He argued her to marry him.

    He argued her into marrying him.

    argue表示“说服某人做某事”,其后不能接动词不定式,可以说argue sb into doing sth。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:few could argue that the south africans fully deserved their victory.

    纠正:few could dispute that the south africans fully deserved their victory.

    翻译:几乎没有人对南非人取得他们应得的胜利有所争议。

    分析:句中应该是表达大家对南非人的胜利没有争议,所以不该用argue。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的arguer,意为喋喋地休不说。

argue的相关资料:

正版词典

argue : 争论,争执 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • argue:argue vi. 争论, 辩论vt. 说服 英英解释:动词argue:1. present reasons and arguments同义词:reason2. have an argument ab…

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