loosen

  常用词汇  
['luːsn]     ['luːsn]    
  • vt. 松开;放松;放宽
  • vi. 变松;松弛
loosened loosened loosening loosens
new

loosen的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 松开
  2. 变松
  3. 松弛
  4. 使(纪律)松弛
  5. 【医】通大便
  6. 使咳出痰来
  7. 疏远
  8. 变弱
  9. 使无拘束地说话
  10. 解开
  11. 尤指放宽(限制)
  12. 放纵
  13. 变松散

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 松开,放宽 make or become less controlled or more easy and free in movement

英英释义

Verb:
  1. make loose or looser;

    "loosen the tension on a rope"

  2. make less severe or strict;

    "The government relaxed the curfew after most of the rebels were caught"

  3. become less severe or strict;

    "The rules relaxed after the new director arrived"

  4. disentangle and raise the fibers of;

    "tease wool"

  5. cause to become loose;

    "undo the shoelace"
    "untie the knot"
    "loosen the necktie"

  6. make less dense;

    "loosen the soil"

  7. become loose or looser or less tight;

    "The noose loosened"
    "the rope relaxed"

loosen的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I loosened my tie, but I didn't take it off.
    我松开了领带,但是没有把它解下来。
  2. Can you loosen the lid of this jar?
    你能把这个瓶盖松开吗?
  3. A emperor should never loosen the grasp of power.
    君主应永不放松对权力的掌控。
  4. The government has loosened restrictions on the sale of liquor.
    政府已经放宽了对销售烈酒的限制。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The government's control over the newspapers has loosened in recent years.
    近年来政府对报纸的控制已经变松了。
  2. Your shoes will loosen up with wear.
    你的鞋穿穿就会松的。
  3. I must take some exercise and loosen up my muscles .
    我必须做些运动,以松弛我的肌肉。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The screw has loosened.
    螺丝钉松了。
  2. The tie loosened.
    领带松了。
  3. The government's control over the newspapers has loosened in recent years.
    近年来政府已放松了对报纸的控制。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Loosen the screw.
    把螺丝钉放松。
  2. He loosened his tie.
    他松开了领带。
  3. If your belt is too tight, loosen it.
    如果你的腰带太紧了,就松一松。
  4. He loosened his grip on the handle.
    他松开了紧抓把手的手。
  5. The medicine may loosen your cough.
    这种药能减轻你的咳嗽。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
loosen up (v.+adv.)
    开口说话 talk freely
    loosen up

    This rope has loosened up.

    这根绳子松了。

    Your shoes will loosen up with wear.

    你的鞋穿穿就会松的。

    loosen sth ⇔ up

    He has loosened the soil up with a fork.

    他用耙松过土了。

    I must take some exercise and loosen up my muscles.

    我必须活动活动,使肌肉放松些。

    loosen up

    The runners are just loosening up before the race.

    参加赛跑的人在开赛之前,正做一些准备活动。

    After a few drinks we loosened up and began to enjoy ourselves.

    喝了几杯之后我们不再拘束,开始热闹起来。

    loosen up with sth

    I loosen up with a few exercise before the match.

    比赛前我做了一些准备活动。

    loosen up

    Officials have been instructed to loosen up on the rules for admitting people into the country.

    官员们已收到命令,放宽对入境人员的限制。

    loosen sth ⇔ up

    The new policies loosened up foreign trade.

    新政策使对外贸易有了更大的灵活性。

    loosen up

    After the death of his stingy wife,Edward loosened up a great deal.

    爱德华在吝啬的妻子死后,用钱大方多了。

    loosen up

    If you dont loosen up soon,I shall have to find other ways of making you talk.

    如果你不马上说话,我可要找别的方法叫你开口了。

    He loosened up under the liquor.

    他喝了酒后无所顾忌地乱说起来。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • Tongues loosened..by..the urgency of getting their say.

    出自: F. Tuohy

loosen的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. loosen的基本意思是“放松”“使…松弛”,即放宽松一点以便活动,不要勒或捆得太紧。
  2. loosen常与副词up连用,这个短语有很多意思,要视上下文确定其意思,而且多用于口语当中,可表示“放松”“自然”“不要拘束”,在美国口语中还可表示“说话时不要顾忌,痛痛快快地讲出来”或“用钱大方”。
  3. loosen可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,作及物动词时,其后接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
loosen, loose
  • 这组词都有“松开”的意思。其区别是:
  • loosen的意思是“松开,放宽一点”,以便于活动、伸展,强调没有原来那么紧,不一定完全放开;loose作“使无约束,使松弛”解时,语气正式,含有不受任何拘束、完全彻底解除束缚之义,只用作及物动词。
  • loosen, relax, slacken
  • 这组词都有“放松”的意思。其区别是:
  • relax指“放松限制,紧张,牢固性或严格性”; loosen应用的范围较广,可用于人或物从平时或暂时的束缚、限制中松开、解开; slacken则强调放松紧张或严格性的程度。
  • loosen的相关资料:

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