dissipate

  畅通词汇  
['dɪsɪpeɪt]     ['dɪsɪpeɪt]    
  • v. 驱散;消散;散去;浪费;挥霍;放荡
dissipative dissipater dissipated dissipated dissipating dissipates
new

dissipate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 驱散; 消失 cause to disperse; go away
  2. vt. 浪费 waste foolishly

英英释义

Verb:
  1. to cause to separate and go in different directions;

    "She waved her hand and scattered the crowds"

  2. move away from each other;

    "The crowds dispersed"
    "The children scattered in all directions when the teacher approached"

  3. spend frivolously and unwisely;

    "Fritter away one's inheritance"

  4. live a life of pleasure, especially with respect to alcoholic consumption

dissipate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The sun dissipated the mist.
    太阳驱散了雾。
  2. Her son's letter dissipated all her fears and anxiety.
    她儿子的来信消除了她一切恐惧和焦虑。
  3. The crowd dissipated soon after the police arrived.
    在警察到达之后,人群很快散去了。
  4. He soon dissipated his fortune.
    他很快就把财产浪费光了。
  5. Francis dissipated his large fortune inherited from his grandfather in a few years.
    弗朗西斯在几年里就把他从祖父那里继承下来的一大笔财产挥霍光了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. When it started to rain, the crowd quickly dissipated.
    刚刚下雨,人群很快就散了。
  2. Gradually the fog dissipated as the sun came up.
    当太阳渐渐升起时,雾渐渐散去。
  3. Clouds dissipate before the wind.
    云层在风到来之前消散了。
  4. The doubt dissipated.
    怀疑消失了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He tried to dissipate the smoke by opening a window.
    他打开一扇窗户想把烟驱散。
  2. The sun dissipated the mists.
    太阳驱散了雾。
  3. The news dissipated my fear.
    这条消息驱散了我的恐惧。
  4. Don't dissipate your efforts.
    不要白费劲了。
  5. He soon dissipated his fortune.
    他不久便把他的财产挥霍光了。
  6. 1
  7. The heat had to be dissipated by elaborate cooling systems.
    热得用复杂的冷却装置散发。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
dissipate in (v.+prep.)
    因…而挥霍〔浪费〕 waste entirely (fortune, energy, etc.) because of sth
    dissipate sth in sth

    He often dissipated his energies in trivial matters.

    他常在无关紧要的小事上浪费精力。

    He dissipated the family fortune in only a few years of wild living.

    他仅仅几年的放荡生活就把家财挥霍尽了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+副词

经典引文

  • To pick up her wandering fruit, which some unlucky dray has just dissipated.

    出自: C. Lamb
  • The outer layers of red giants are slowly dissipated into interstellar space.

    出自: C. Sagan

dissipate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. dissipate的基本意思是“驱散”,表示使一群、一团、聚集在一起的人或一个组件体分开或散开。明确表示彻底分解、分开、分化,最后消失。
  2. dissipate还可指“浪费”“挥霍”,指将钱财撒向四面八方,消耗殆尽。
  3. dissipate可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
dissipate, consume, fritter, squander, waste
  • 这组词都有“浪费”的意思。其区别是:
  • waste指任意地挥霍,通常是花费而不见成果; squander的意思比waste强,强调胡乱花费,含有花光而导致贫困的意思; dissipate指因奢侈而丧失东西,犹如随风撒东西一样,强调将存有的东西用光或几乎用光; fritter常和away连用,指一点一点地花费,或花费在不重要的东西上,含有逐渐用光的意思; consume强调吞食或毁坏,但也可指完全浪费或挥霍掉,用于金钱或财产时,指频繁地减少,偶尔用于时间或精力时,指无益地花费。例如:
  • The council has been squandering the ratepayers' money.市议会一直在挥霍房地产纳税人的金钱。
  • He dissipated his large fortune in a few years of heavy spending.他在几年的大肆挥霍中把自己一大笔财产都花光了。
  • She fritters away all her money on clothes and trips to the cinema.她把所有金钱都浪费在穿衣服和看电影上了。
  • The fire soon consumed the wooden buildings.大火很快就把那些木制建筑物吞没了。
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