go

  基本词汇  
[ɡəʊ]     [ɡoʊ]    
  • v.去;离开;变得;进行
  • n.去;尝试;精力;一举
goes went gone going goes
new

go是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 去,走,行走
  2. 离开,离去
  3. 移动
  4. 下降
  5. 旅行
  6. 消失
  7. 流传
  8. 相配
  9. 运转
  10. 被放置
  11. 变为,成为
  12. 有效
  13. 被传递
  14. 被接受
  15. 衰退
  16. 进行,进展
  17. 发出
  18. 变坏
  19. 开始做某事
  20. 发生
  21. 时间
  22. 落下
  23. 到(另一处)
  24. 熄灭
  25. 唠叨
  26. 从事
  27. 处于...的状态
  28. 循…行走,通行于,沿…进行
  29. 赌,打赌,以…打赌,同…打赌,押(赌注)
  30. <口>忍耐,忍受
  31. 容忍,宽恕
  32. 为…作保释人,为(被捕人)提供(保释金)
  33. 承担…的责任
  34. 出(价),愿付
  35. 欣赏,鉴赏
  36. 享受,品尝
n.(名词)
  1. 进行
  2. <口>精神,精力
  3. <口>尝试
  4. 一下子,一举
  5. (约定的)事情
  6. 难关
  7. <口>时髦(东西)
  8. 成功
  9. 卫兵守则
  10. <口>轮到的机会
  11. <口>意外的事态
  12. 一番努力
  13. 吾(姓,日本)
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =general order 通令
adj.(形容词)
  1. 好的,行的
  2. 运行良好的,一切正常的
  3. 可以(随时)开始的,适合开始的
  4. 【宇航】可随时发射的
  5. 有利的

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. 去; 走; 行; 驶 move; pass from one point to another and away from the speaker, etc.
  2. vi. 进行,运行,运转 happen in a certain way; revolve; operate
  3. vi. 放,置 put; place; lay
  4. vi. 伸展,通往 extend; get through
  5. vi. 消失,丢失 die away; lose
  6. vi. 垮下来,死 decline; break down; die
  7. vi. 花费,销售 cost; spend; sail
  8. vi. 行,有效 effective; valid
  9. vi. 发出…声音,响 make out sound
  10. vi. (时间)过去 (time) pass by
  11. vi. 据说,流传 be stated, said in a certain way
  12. vi. 变得,成为,处于…状态 act so as to come into a certain state or condition
n.(名词)
  1. [C]轮到机会 one's turn, especially in a game
  2. [U]精力,干劲 an active lively quality
  3. [C]侵袭,发作 attack of an illness

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
go : 前进 ...
go : 去, 离开, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
go : 去, 离开, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
go : 去, 参加, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
go : 流通 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else);

    "it's my go"
    "a spell of work"

  2. street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine

  3. a usually brief attempt;

    "he took a crack at it"
    "I gave it a whirl"

  4. a board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters

Adjective:
  1. functioning correctly and ready for action;

    "all systems are go"

Verb:
  1. change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically;

    "How fast does your new car go?"
    "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"
    "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"
    "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"
    "news travelled fast"

  2. follow a procedure or take a course;

    "We should go farther in this matter"
    "She went through a lot of trouble"
    "go about the world in a certain manner"
    "Messages must go through diplomatic channels"

  3. move away from a place into another direction;

    "Go away before I start to cry"
    "The train departs at noon"

  4. enter or assume a certain state or condition;

    "He became annoyed when he heard the bad news"
    "It must be getting more serious"
    "her face went red with anger"
    "She went into ecstasy"
    "Get going!"

  5. be awarded; be allotted;

    "The first prize goes to Mary"
    "Her money went on clothes"

  6. have a particular form;

    "the story or argument runs as follows"
    "as the saying goes..."

  7. stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;

    "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"
    "His knowledge doesn't go very far"
    "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"
    "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"

  8. follow a certain course;

    "The inauguration went well"
    "how did your interview go?"

  9. be abolished or discarded;

    "These ugly billboards have to go!"
    "These luxuries all had to go under the Khmer Rouge"

  10. be or continue to be in a certain condition;

    "The children went hungry that day"

  11. make a certain noise or sound;

    "She went `Mmmmm'"
    "The gun went `bang'"

  12. perform as expected when applied;

    "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"
    "Does this old car still run well?"
    "This old radio doesn't work anymore"

  13. to be spent or finished;

    "The money had gone after a few days"
    "Gas is running low at the gas stations in the Midwest"

  14. progress by being changed;

    "The speech has to go through several more drafts"
    "run through your presentation before the meeting"

  15. continue to live through hardship or adversity;

    "We went without water and food for 3 days"
    "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"
    "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"
    "how long can a person last without food and water?"

  16. pass, fare, or elapse; of a certain state of affairs or action;

    "How is it going?"
    "The day went well until I got your call"

  17. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;

    "She died from cancer"
    "The children perished in the fire"
    "The patient went peacefully"
    "The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102"

  18. be in the right place or situation;

    "Where do these books belong?"
    "Let's put health care where it belongs--under the control of the government"
    "Where do these books go?"

  19. be ranked or compare;

    "This violinist is as good as Juilliard-trained violinists go"

  20. begin or set in motion;

    "I start at eight in the morning"
    "Ready, set, go!"

  21. have a turn; make one's move in a game;

    "Can I go now?"

  22. be contained in;

    "How many times does 18 go into 54?"

  23. be sounded, played, or expressed;

    "How does this song go again?"

  24. blend or harmonize;

    "This flavor will blend with those in your dish"
    "This sofa won't go with the chairs"

  25. lead, extend, or afford access;

    "This door goes to the basement"
    "The road runs South"

  26. be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired;

    "This piece won't fit into the puzzle"

  27. go through in search of something; search through someone's belongings in an unauthorized way;

    "Who rifled through my desk drawers?"

  28. be spent;

    "All my money went for food and rent"

  29. give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number;

    "I plumped for the losing candidates"

  30. stop operating or functioning;

    "The engine finally went"
    "The car died on the road"
    "The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town"
    "The coffee maker broke"
    "The engine failed on the way to town"
    "her eyesight went after the accident"

go的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. We' ll go for a walk if you feel like it.
    你愿意的话,咱们就去散散步。
  2. I must be going.
    我该走了。
  3. A few days later, things started to go wrong.
    几天后,事情开始变糟。
  4. Everything went very smoothly.
    一切进展顺利。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The boat rolled gently with the come and go of small waves.
    小船随着细浪来回轻轻荡漾。
  2. Let's have a go at it.
    让我们来试试。
  3. She's always so full of go.
    她总是充满精力。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. It's too late,I must go.
    太晚了,我得走了。
  2. He went early.
    他很早就走了。
  3. We had less than three miles to go.
    我们还有三里不到的路程要走。
  4. The train is going north.
    列车向北行驶。
  5. The train goes in 15 minutes.
    火车15分钟后开出。
  6. We go thus far today.
    今天我们就做到这儿。
  7. Everything went pretty smoothly.
    一切进展相当顺利。
  8. There are still two years to go.
    还有两年时间可利用。
  9. The engine went beautifully.
    这台发动机运转得相当好。
  10. Where does this road go to?
    这条路通向哪里?
  11. I want a rope long enough to go from here to there.
    我要一根长绳子,可以从这里拉到那里。
  12. The roots of this plant go deep.
    这种植物的根扎得很深。
  13. My fever has gone, but I have a cough.
    我不发烧了,但是还有点咳嗽。
  14. War must go.
    战争必须消除。
  15. He got up in the morning and found that all the snow had gone.
    他早晨起来发现雪已经全部消失了。
  16. Where is my pen?It's gone.
    我的钢笔哪儿去了?它不见了。
  17. The old settee will have to go.
    那个长靠椅该扔掉了。
  18. He's incompetent, he'll have to go.
    他不称职,得辞掉他。
  19. I don't know where the money goes!
    我不知道钱都花到什么地方去了!
  20. The new dictionary is going well.
    这部新词典销路很好。
  21. The antique table went to the lady in the pink hat.
    这张古董桌子卖给那位戴粉红色帽子的女士了。
  22. This key won't go in the lock.
    这把钥匙插不进那把锁中。
  23. The ladder went at the critical moment.
    在关键时刻梯子垮了。
  24. After George went, she moved into a smaller house.
    乔治死了以后,她搬进了一所较小的房子。
  25. I'm afraid he has gone.
    恐怕他已经死了。
  26. Vacation goes quickly.
    假期过得真快。
  27. The time went quickly.
    时间过得很快。
  28. The story goes that he was murdered.
    据说他被谋杀了。
  29. This is how the song goes.
    这首歌就是这么唱的。
S+~+(to-) v
  1. Let's go to see him at once.
    让我们马上去看看他吧。
  2. Let's go to watch the game right now.
    让我们就去观看比赛吧。
  3. Did you go and see her the day before yesterday?
    你前天去看她了吗?
  4. Don't go and make a fool of yourself.
    不要自讨没趣。
  5. Don't go and gloat over another's misfortune.
    不要幸灾乐祸。
  6. Don't go and foul your own nest.
    不要自己拆自己的台。
  7. Go have a glass of beer!
    去喝一杯啤酒吧!
  8. It's time to go sleep.
    就寝的时间到了。
  9. They will go live in the suburbs.
    他们将住到郊区去。
S+be going to
  1. We're going to turn more land into paddy field.
    我们准备把更多的地改为稻田。
  2. He had been going to take her to a lecture that night, but he had a headache.
    本来那天晚上他打算带她去听报告的,但他头痛起来了。
  3. It is going to snow tomorrow.
    明天预报有雪。
  4. It was going to be some time before they would see each other again.
    要过相当长的时间他们才会再见面。
  5. But I'm not going to argue with you tonight.
    但是今晚我不打算和你争辩。
  6. They were not going to hold the sports meeting as scheduled.
    他们不准备按原计划开运动会了。
  7. We are going to have a meeting tomorrow and discuss what to do next.
    我们明天要开个会讨论下一步干什么。 Are you going to review your lesson?今天下午你打算复习功课吗?
  8. The wind went down toward sunset. It's going to be fine tomorrow.
    太阳快落山时风停了,明天准是个好天。
用作系动词 S+~+ n./adj.
  1. Ducks go “quack”.
    鸭子发出“嘎嘎”的叫声。
  2. The mirror went “crack”, and fell off the wall.
    镜子“啪”地一声从墙上掉了下来。
  3. When the alarm goes, he has to leave for his work.
    闹钟响时,他就得动身上班了。
  4. The clock just went eleven.
    时钟刚敲11点。
  5. In the old days, my father worked hard but always went hungry.
    我父亲在旧社会辛苦地干活,但总是挨饿。
  6. The woman had gone mad.
    那女人疯了。
  7. The milk went sour.
    牛奶酸了。
  8. He's gone blind.
    他的眼睛瞎了。
  9. My hair is going grey.
    我的头发渐渐花白了。
  10. Her face went white with fear.
    她吓得脸色煞白。
  11. The telephone has gone dead.
    电话不通了。
  12. Something has gone wrong with my electric light.
    我的电灯出了毛病。
  13. The field near the reservoir can hardly go short of water.
    水库附近的土地不大会缺水。
  14. The men of this tribe used to go naked.
    这个部落里的男子过去常是裸体的。
  15. All my letters went unanswered.
    我写的信都没有得到回信。
  16. My absence had gone unnoticed.
    我的缺席未能引起人家注意。
  17. You'd better go armed while in the jungle.
    你在丛林中最好携带武器。
  18. The thieves must not go unpunished.
    决不能让这些盗贼逍遥法外。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. He often goes marketing.
    他经常去市场做买卖。
  2. He goes tutoring now.
    他现在做家教。
  3. She went sight-seeing.
    她去观光去了。
  4. Won't you come and go skating with me?
    难道你不想和我一起滑冰吗?
  5. We'll go dancing this afternoon.
    我们下午将去跳舞。
  6. Let's go boating this afternoon.
    今天下午咱们去划船吧。
  7. His father liked to go collecting birds' eggs.
    他的父亲爱去采鸟蛋。
  8. These TV sets are going begging.
    这些电视机没人要。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. It's my go to throw the ball.
    该我投球了。
  2. Whose go is it next?
    下一个是谁?
  3. You'll be given a go next time.
    下次你会有机会的。
  4. Mr. Wang is 75 but he still has plenty of go in him.
    老王已经75岁了,可是精力还十分旺盛。
  5. The youth has plenty of go in him.
    这个年轻人干劲十足。
  6. The children are full of go.They run and play all day.
    这些小孩子精力充沛,他们整天跑呀玩呀。
  7. She's got plenty of go, and is sure to do well in her job.
    她精力充沛,肯定会把工作做好的。
  8. It's all go with these tycoons.
    这些巨头们的活动十分频繁紧张。
  9. The music had no go.
    这种音乐缺乏生气。
  10. He's had a bad go of flu.
    他得过很重的流感。
  11. He passed his driving test at the first go.
    他一次就通过了驾驶考试。
  12. It's sure to be a go.
    这肯定会是件疙瘩事。
  13. Here is a pretty go!
    真糟糕!
  14. It's no go.
    那不会成功。
  15. I'm sure you'll have your go.
    我相信你会成功的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
go about1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 到处走动 move about

    Is it dangerous to go about bareheaded when it's raining? 下雨的时候光着头到处走有危险吗?

    They go about together. 他们来来去去总是成群结队。

    They talked about their life in the army as they went about together. 他们在一起走着时,谈到了在部队的生活。

    People're going about more now that the weather is better. 由于天气转好,人们走动得多些了。

    He always went about in his patched overalls. 他走到哪里总是穿着那套补过的工作服。

  2. 流传 travel or circulate

    The story is going about that you are going to work in Tibet. 传说你要去西藏工作。

    A story is going about that there will be another party on the 15th of August. 据说8月15日要举行另一次聚会。

    The rumour is going about that John and Mary are getting married. 传说约翰和玛丽要结婚了。

    That kind of money is no longer going about now. 那种货币已不再在市面上流通了。

    There are a lot of colds going about just now. 目前感冒传染得很厉害。

  3. 改变方向 change direction

    The ship went about. 船改变航向。

    The captain ordered them to go about. 船长命令他们调转船头。

go about2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 处理,从事,做,忙于 perform or undertake or be occupied with go about sth

    How shall we go about it?我们该怎样干?

    We went about it wrong.这事我们做错了。

    He had to leave me to go about his duties.他得离开我去办他的公事。

    He went about the job half-heartedly.他半心半意地干那个活儿。

    Then we went about our respective tasks.然后我们就着手执行我们的任务。

    All that afternoon he went about his work fretfully.整个下午他工作的很不耐烦。

    He is going about his work in earnest.他在认真地做工作。

    The way with which you'll go about the task really matters.你做这件事要采用的方法的确很重要。

go about with (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 同…结交 keep company with

    He goes about with a nice group of boys. 他跟一些不错的小伙子结交。

  2. 讨好,巴结 fawn on

    She goes about with that boy. 她巴结那个小伙子。

  3. 同…到处走动,同…到处溜 move about with

    He is going about with that girl now. 他正带着那女孩到处游玩。

    Mother doesn't want me to go about with Jane and her friends any more. 母亲不让我再跟简和她的朋友到处走了。

go across (v.+prep.)
  1. 穿过,横过 cross go across sth

    He is going across the field.他正在穿越田野。

go after (v.+prep.)
  1. 追逐,追求 try to get or obtain or chase or pursue go after sb/sth

    Go after him!He is running away.追上他!他要逃走了。

    Half the guards went after the escaped prisoners, but they went away.半数警卫出动去追捕逃犯,但罪犯还是逃之夭夭了。

    The dogs went after the wounded deer.猎狗追捕受伤的鹿。

    Why don't you go after her?你为什么不追求她?

    His father lost his job again, and he will have to go after another one.他父亲又失业了,他得再找个工作。

    Jim decided to go after the big prize.吉姆决心去争取那个大奖。

go against (v.+prep.)
  1. 违背,作对 act in opposition to

    Don't go against your father. 不要反对你的父亲。

    It goes against the manager's principles. 这与经理的原则相违背。

    That'll go against the traffic regulations. 那要违反交通规则的。

    The boat is going against the tide. 船在逆流前进。

    When things go against his idea, he threatens to leave. 每当遇到不顺心的事,他就威胁着要甩手不干。

  2. 对…不利 have an adverse effect on

    The game was going against us. 这次比赛对我们不利。

    The war is going against them, they seem likely to be defeated. 战争对他们不利,他们可能要失败。

    This misbehavior will certainly go against his chances of promotion. 这种不正当的举止肯定会不利于他的升迁。

go all out
  1. 全力以赴 make one's utmost effort

    We are sure to win the match so long as we go all out. 只要我们全力以赴,比赛一定能赢。

    If you want to win the race, you'll have to go all out. 如果你想在赛跑中获胜,必须使出全力。

    We shall have to go all out if we are to make a success of it. 如果要取得成功,我们必须全力以赴。

    They went all out against the war. 他们极力反对这场战争。

    They went all out to beat the record. 他们为打破纪录而全力以赴。

go along (v.+adv.)
  1. 进行 work through sth go along

    〔说明〕 go along通常不用于进行体。

    We'll learn as we go along.我们将一面干一面学。

    I check the spelling as I go along.我一边往下读一边查对拼写。

    You'll find the work easier as you go along .在进行过程中,你会发现这工作是比较容易的。

    How is your work on that novel going along ?你那本小说写得怎样了?

  2. 兜风 travel for the pleasure of riding along go along for the ride

    I don't really want to go to the grocery store but I'll go along for the ride.我不一定是去杂货店,但我可以去兜会儿风。

  3. 陪伴,陪同前往,同行 accompany go along with sb/sth

    I went along with him.我和他同行。

    I'll like you to go along with me.我要你陪我一道去。

    Would you like me to go along with you?你愿意我与你同去吗?

    A splendid bookcase goes along with the complete encyclopaedia if you pay cash.如果你付现金购买全套百科全书,可免费获得一个极好的书柜。

  4. 赞同; 一致 agree with go along with sb/sth

    We'll go along with you.我们赞成你的意见。

    I can't go along with that fellow.我不能同意那个人的意见。

    I can't go along with you on this matter.在这件事情上我不能同意你的意见。

    The director prefers going along with the majority.主任同意大多数人的意见。

    More and more people go along with the idea that pollution should be settled seriously.越来越多的人赞成这样一个观点:我们应该认真地解决污染问题。

    We'll go along with your suggestion.我们赞成你的建议。

  5. 走开,去你的 go away from go along with you

    Go along with you! What you say is all nonsense!去你的!你说的全是废话!

go around〔round〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 参观 visit a place go around〔round〕

    Keep quiet while you're going around.巡回参观时要保持安静。

  2. 走访 visit go around〔round〕

    I went around to see him yesterday evening.昨晚我顺便去看望他。

    Let's go around to his office and have a talk to him.我们到他的办事处去跟他谈一谈吧。

  3. 转动,旋转,运转; 眩晕 whirl or be dizzy go around〔round〕

    The water wheel goes around and around.水车转个不停。

    But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go around.然而,实际情况却是:是能量使世界运转。

    I'm better now, but my head keeps going round.我现在好一点了,但我的头还是晕。

  4. 到处走动… go here and there go around v-ing

    Don't go around telling lies like that.不要像那样到处说谎。

    Don't go around making up stories about being saved by someone who doesn't exist.别到处编造故事,说你被什么根本不存在的人救过。

    Johnson is going around looking for a job.约翰逊四处奔走找工作。

  5. 相处,做伴,交往 be often in the company of sb go around〔round〕

    They have been going around for three years now.他们在一起已经三年了。

    John and Mary have been going round for two years now, but they still haven't decided whether to marry or not.约翰和玛丽交朋友已有两年了,但还没有决定是否结婚。

  6. 传播 spread go around〔round〕

    There are a lot of colds going around.感冒正在传播。

    Chicken pox is going around here.这儿鸡瘟蔓延。

    An amusing story is going around these days.最近几天在流传着一个有趣的故事。

    A rumour is going round that you are leaving.谣传你要离开。

    Rumors went around that there was a ghost in the house, so no one dared to go there.有谣言说房子里有鬼,因此没人敢去。

    Word went round that something important was to happen.大家都在传言将发生什么重大的事情。

  7. 足够分配 be enough to distribute go around〔round〕

    There were enough people to go around .人手够了。

    We don't have enough chairs to go around.我们的椅子不够用。

    I fear the apples wouldn't go round.我怕苹果不够分配。

    Only a few guests came, so there were more than enough sandwiches to go around .只来了几位客人,所以三明治供应绰绰有余。

go at (v.+prep.)
  1. 攻击,冲向 attack

    They went at each other. 他们两人厮打起来。

    Our dog went at the postman. 我们的狗扑向邮递员。

    The breakfast arrived and he went at it like a starving refugee. 早饭送来了,他像个饥饿的难民一样扑上去狼吞虎咽起来。

  2. 大干 do sth with all one's strength

    He went at it with a will. 他干得很起劲。

    He was reluctant to undertake the task, but once he started he went at it with determination. 他不愿承担这项任务,但一旦开始干,他就坚决干下去。

    You should see her go at the job. 你应该看看她干这工作的劲头。

    How are you going to go at the job of fixing the roof? 你打算怎样着手修房顶?

    The villagers went at building a dam with a will. 村民们劲头十足地着手修一座堤坝。

go away (v.+adv.)
  1. 离开 leave

    Go away from me! 给我走开!

    I'm tired of your constant complaints; go away and leave me in peace! 我讨厌你老是抱怨; 走开,让我安静点!

    Please don't go away until I come back. 请你等我回来后再走。

    When are you going away on your vacation? 你什么时候动身去度假?

    They went away and did not return. 他们离开后就没回来。

    The Turners went away into the country for a short time. 特纳先生一家到乡下小住了一阵子。

    Don't go away with that book. 别带着那本书走开。

    I wish the pain would go away. 我希望疼痛会消失。

  2. 私奔 leave secretly

    He went away with his friend's wife. 他拐了朋友的老婆私奔。

    Calder went away with his teacher's daughter. 考尔德和他老师的女儿私奔了。

go back (v.+adv.)
  1. 回转,回顾,追溯 return go back

    Once his decision is made, there will be no going back.他一旦作出决定,就没法回头了。

    go back to sth

    When are you going back to work?你什么时候回去上班?

    Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to go happily back to work.直到1918年战争结束后,他才能够愉快地重新投身于工作。

    When they returned to Naples they went back to their regular dock jobs there.他们回到那不勒斯以后,又去干原来的码头工作了。

    Species do not usually go back to earlier forms.物种一般不能恢复到原先的形状。

    Let us go back to the subject we were discussing.让我们回到刚才讨论的题目吧。

    To go back to the point you have just mentioned is worthless.再回头来谈论你的论点是毫无价值的。

    If you go back to the moral standard which existed 20 years ago, you may find something that you've missed so much.当你回过头来再谈论20年前的道德标准时,你会发现你找到了许多你很留恋的东西。

    We can go back to the time of Industrial Revolution if we trace the history of mass production.如果我们回顾工业大生产的历史,可以追溯到工业革命时期。

    The friendly contacts between our two peoples can go back to the Tang Dynasty.我们两国人民间的友好往来可以追溯到唐朝。

  2. 向后伸展 extend backward go back to sth

    The garden goes back to that wall.园子向后延伸至那堵墙。

    The campus goes back to that river.校园向后一直伸展到那条河。

    Our land goes all the way back to the field over there.我们的地一直延伸到那边那块地。

    That road goes back to the city centre.那条路又折回到市中心。

  3. 背叛 betray go back on sb/sth

    You can't go back on me now!你别想出卖我啦!

    They have sometimes gone back on their friends.他们有时出卖他们的朋友。

    Once you have promised me, you must not go back on me.你一旦答应我了,就不要背叛我。

    He's not the kind of man who would go back on his words.他不是那种背信弃义的人。

    Don't go back on your words.可别说了不算数啊!

go before (v.+prep.)
  1. 时间上居先 happen in an earlier time go before sth

    The conference was similar to any that had gone before.I don't want to come again.会议与以往的差不多,我再也不想来了。

    It is the same question that has gone before.What's the use of talking about it again ?我们已经讨论过同样的问题了,再谈有什么用呢?

go below (v.+prep.)
  1. 到…以下 be below sth go below sth

    Here the temperature never goes below zero centigrade.这里的气温很少降到摄氏零度以下。

go beyond (v.+prep.)
  1. 超出,超载 exceed go beyond sb/sth

    He was not allowed to go beyond the limits of the city.他是不允许离开市区的范围的。

    You have gone beyond your power.你的行为已经超出了你的权力范围。

    Your teasing of the new typist has gone beyond a joke and I advise you to stop it.你对新打字员的逗乐已经超出开玩笑的程度,我劝你停止吧。

    The results have gone beyond our hopes.其结果已越过了我们所希望的。

    In all these economic theories he went beyond the other radicals.在所有这些经济理论方面,他都超过了其他激进分子。

go by1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 时光流逝 time to pass

    Time went by slowly. 时间慢慢逝去。

  2. 顺便走访 drop in

    She was in when I went by yesterday. 我昨天顺便去看她时,她正好在家。

go by2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 顺便走访 drop in

    I had a long chat with her when I went by her house this morning. 今天早上我顺便去她家看她时,同她谈了好一会儿。

  2. 判断 give a judgement

    You can't go by what he says, he's very untrustworthy. 你不能根据他的话判断,他是很不可靠的。

go down (v.+adv.)
  1. 沉下; 落下; 降低 sink or fall go down

    Go down and see who is at the door, please.请下去看看谁在门口。

    He went down on his knees and begged for mercy.他跪下来请求宽恕。

    A bullet hit him and he went down.一颗子弹击中了他,他倒下了。

    Her weight went down from 65 kilos to 50 kilos because of her illness.由于疾病,她的体重从65公斤减轻到了50公斤。

    The ship went down.船沉了。

    The sun went down.太阳落下。

    The sea is going down.大海变得平静。

    Prices began to go down.物价开始下降。

    The tyre has gone down.车胎瘪了。

    The balloon has gone down.气球瘪了。

    This neighbourhood has gone down a lot.这个街区缩小了许多。

  2. 被接受; 受欢迎,得到赞同 be popular go down

    The idea went down badly.这个想法不受欢迎。

    The new play went down quite well.这出新戏很受欢迎。

    Her excuse didn't go down well, no one believed it.她的借口不能使人信服,没有一个人相信它。

  3. 被记录在案 be recorded go down

    The teacher said that the day the war ended would go down in history.老师说战争结束的这天将载入史册。

    go down to sth

    Few of his works will go down to posterity.他的作品没有几件会流传到后世。

    The first volume goes down to the end of the war.第一卷写到战争结束。

  4. 被打败 be defeated go down

    France went down to Germany.法国被德国打败。

    Fighting tooth and nail, the peasants refused to go down before the invaders.农民们不甘为入侵者所征服而作殊死的斗争。

  5. 停止; 结束 pause or end go down to sth

    Go down to the bottom of the page and then stop.念到这一页底下停止。

  6. 考试不及格 fail in an exam go down

    I'm afraid he has gone down again.我担心他又没及格。

  7. 合意; 称心; 顺手 be satisfied go down

    The new sewing machine didn't go down very well even after a month's use.这台新缝纫机用了一个月但还是不怎么顺手。

go far
  1. 〔说明〕 go far通常不用于进行体。
  2. 成功 succeed

    Such people can't go far. 这样的人不会有大出息。

    A person with such abilities should go far. 一个具有这样才能的人一定会有出息的。

    The young man is very clever, and will go far in his new job. 这位年轻人很聪明,在新的工作中将会成名的。

  3. 经用,够用 be enough

    The food won't go far when there're ten people to feed. 要供应十个人吃,这点东西很快就吃完了。

    A pound note does not go far these days. 一英镑如今也派不上多大用场了。

    These measures should go far towards solving the problem. 这些措施应该大大有助于解决这个问题。

go fifty-fifty
  1. 双方平摊 divide equally between two people or two parties

    What's the bill?Four yuan ?All right, let's go fifty-fifty. 该付多少钱?四块钱?咱们一人出一半。

    The two brothers went fifty-fifty on a replacement for the broken lamp. 这两个兄弟平摊了更换破旧灯的费用。

    They went fifty-fifty with the household expenses. 他们家庭开销各负担一半。

go for (v.+prep.)
  1. 去找某人,想得到…,争取 strive for or to get

    We'd better go for a doctor. 我们最好去请医生。

    Please go for some tools for me. 请替我拿些工具来。

    Let me have the key to our car,I'll go for a phonograph and some records. 把汽车的钥匙给我,我去拿唱机和唱片。

    In investing money some people go for a more or less assured dividend, others for capital increase. 拿钱投资,有的人打算得到多少有点保障的股息,有的人则为了增加资本。

    Kent's going for the tennis championship this year. 肯特竭力想获得今年的网球冠军。

    Send them your résumé if you want to go for this job. 如果你想得到这份工作,就寄份简历给他们。

  2. 攻击,抨击 attack or criticize severely

    Go for him! 去咬他!

    I didn't want to hurt him but he went for me with a knife. 我并不想伤害他,但是他拿着刀向我逼来。

    They went for her in the newspaper. 他们在报纸上攻击她。

    She'll go for you if you criticize her. 你批评她,她就会攻击你。

    My mother went for my father because he was late for dinner. 我妈妈责备我爸爸,因为他吃饭时回来晚了。

    The newspapers have gone for Tom's new book in big way. 报纸都大肆攻击汤姆的新书。

  3. 喜欢 like

    I don't go for men of his type. 我不喜欢他那种类型的人。

    When you offer the child apples, he goes for the biggest one. 你给小孩苹果,他总喜欢要最大的一个。

    Many children go for ice cream, but it is said it does no good to them. 许多孩子偏爱冰淇淋,但是据说这种食品对孩子没好处。

    He goes for its full, delicious flavors.I go for its economy. 他欣赏它的浓郁和可口的味道。我则欣赏它的便宜。

  4. 适用于 apply to

    Listen carefully, because it goes for you, too. 认真听着点儿,这也适用于你。

    You must arrive on time—that goes for all the workers. 你必须准时来,这对所有的工人都一样。

    I find this report badly done, and that goes for all the other work done in this office. 我发现这个报告写得很糟糕,这个办公室的所有其他工作也是如此。

  5. 认为是,看作,用作 be considered or used

    Can this brush go for a paintbrush? 这把刷子可以用作漆刷吗?

    His words don't go for much.People do not trust him. 他的话无足轻重,人们不信任他。

  6. 以…价售出 sell at the price of

    How much do you think these Chinese vases will go for? 你认为这些中国花瓶能卖什么价?

    We shan't let our house go for less than 5000 pounds. 我们的房子低于5000英镑不卖。

go for nothing
  1. 不起作用,白费劲 does not work or to become a waste of energy

    All his efforts went for nothing. 他的一切努力都白费了。

    All his hard work went for nothing. 他的一切辛劳都付诸流水了。

    What the teacher said went for nothing because the pupils did not pay attention. 老师的话白说,因为学生们没有专心听。

go forth (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go forth通常不用于进行体。 go forth
  2. 行军,旅行 march or journey out

    He went forth upon a journey to far land. 他到一个远的地方旅行。

    The army went forth amid great cheering and applause. 军队在热烈的欢呼与掌声中行进。

  3. 发出 be sent out

    The command went forth that all men of a certain age should be killed. 命令发出了,所有到一定年龄的男人都得杀死。

go forward (v.+adv.)
  1. 前进 advance go forward

    They went slowly forward.他们慢慢地向前进。

    We shall go forward together.我们将一起前进。

    The work is going forward well.工作进展顺利。

    The building of the dam is going forward without any trouble.大坝建设工程进展顺利。

  2. 发生 happen go forward

    What's going forward over there?那边在干什么?

  3. 被提出 be put forward go forward to sb

    The suggestion went forward to the committee.建议提到了委员会。

go in (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go in通常不用于进行体。 go in
  2. 进去,进入 enter; get into

    We can't discuss your problems standing here in the rain.Let's go in and make ourselves comfortable. 我们不能站在雨里讨论你的问题。咱们进屋去舒舒服服地谈吧。

    He went in deep with his studies. 他研究得很深。

  3. 开始,开始工作 begin or begin to work

    What time does the theatre go in? 剧院几点开演?

    They outlined the plan and asked the rest of us to go in with them. 他们大致讲了一个计划,然后要我们其余的人跟他们一起搞。

  4. 攻击 attack a special place

    The infantry went in. 步兵进攻了。

    The bombers will go in soon. 轰炸机很快就要出动。

go in for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 参加 take part in

    Be quiet, please! They are going in for an examination now. 请安静!他们正在考试。

    Everyone in our university goes in for swimming. 我们大学人人都参加游泳活动。

  2. 从事,致力于 concentrate on

    He goes in for biology. 他从事生物学工作。

    Many people went in for writing, music, dramatics and other similar activities. 很多人从事写作、音乐、戏剧或其他类似活动。

    Have you ever thought of going in for teaching? 你曾想到过从事教书的工作吗?

  3. 喜欢,爱好 be fond of

    I go in for judo. 我爱好柔道。

    In my younger days girls never went in for cosmetics and fancy clothes. 在我年轻的时候,女孩子们从来不爱好化妆品和鲜艳的衣服。

    How long has Jim gone in for collecting stamps? 吉姆对集邮的兴趣有多长的时间了?

    My son goes in for stamp collecting and photography. 我的儿子喜爱集邮和摄影。

    John goes in for tennis while his wife goes in for painting and sculpture. 约翰喜欢网球,然而他妻子喜欢画画和雕刻。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    This is not a hobby that should be gone in for unless you have plenty of money. 这不是非有不可的爱好,除非你有大量的钱。

  4. 支持,赞成; 主张 give support to or express approval

    An overwhelming majority of the committee members went in for the currency reform. 绝大多数委员赞成实行币制改革。

go into (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go into通常不用于进行体。 go into sth/v-ing
  2. 进入 walk into

    We went into one room after another in search of matches. 我们走进一个又一个房间,寻找火柴。

    They went into the hall together. 他们一道走进大厅。

    One day I went into the church. 一天我走进了教堂。

  3. 从事 join or engage

    He went into the army during the war. 他战时参了军。

    My father doesn't approve of my going into politics. 我父亲不赞同我从政。

    He has gone into teaching. 他干教书这一行。

    He will go into business when he leaves school. 他毕业以后要经商。

  4. 进入(某种状态) pass into a certain state

    He went into a rage when he learned about it. 他听到这事,勃然大怒。

    John went into a fit of temper when he didn't get his own way. 当约翰未能为所欲为时就发了一通脾气。

    He had gone into hiding that morning. 就在那天早上他躲藏了起来。

    He didn't seem to be able to go off, so he went into the kitchen and made himself a cup of tea. 他似乎无法入睡,所以他到厨房给自己泡了一杯茶。

  5. 调查,着手处理 investigate

    We should go into the matter thoroughly. 我们应当对此事进行彻底调查。

    He personally went into all the figures. 他亲自核查了所有这些数字。

    The police are going into the murder case. 警察正在调查这起谋杀案。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    This problem will need to be further gone into. 这一问题还有待进一步研究。

    The chancellor said that these proposals would have to be gone into very carefully. 校长说要非常认真地逐个地研究这些建议。

    The matter has been gone into very thoroughly, and we find there are no grounds for the allegations. 对这件事已做了极为彻底的调查,我们觉得那些辩解站不住脚。

  6. 详细讲述 state in detail

    You went into too much detail in your talk. 你的报告细节谈得太多。

    There is no need to go into details. 没有必要细讲。

    Tell me what happened in a few words, don't go into details. 用几句话告诉我发生了什么事,不要讲细节。

  7. 争论细节与优点 dispute the details and merits of

    Don't go into it here, please! 请别在这里争论细节啦。

    They went into it for several hours, without much satisfaction on either side. 他们争论了几个钟头,结果双方都不太满意。

    We can go into that later, can't we? 这问题我们以后再讨论好吗?

  8. 开始穿,穿上 put on

    She went into mourning on the death of her father. 她为父亲戴孝。

  9. 撞到,扎进 hit sth

    The truck went into a tall tree. 卡车撞到一颗大树上。

  10. 被用于 be spent on

    Two years of his research went into the writing of the book. 为了写那本书,他花了两年的时间作研究。

go it
  1. 干吧 go ahead

    The audience cheered again and again.“Go it!” 观众一再叫:“加油!”

    Go it, we'll help you to beat the difficulty. 干吧,我们将帮助你克服困难。

    He wanted to go it alone. 他想单独干。

    Of course we must go it together. 当然我们要一道干。

go off1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 离开 leave or run away go off

    I'd better have waited till the rain went off.我当时要是等雨停了再走就好了。

    When he saw the policeman, the thief went off like a shot.小偷一看到警察就飞快地跑了。

    They went off without telling me (where they were going).他们离开时没告诉我(到哪儿去)。

    She's gone off with my book.她拿着我的书走了。

  2. 私奔 go away secretly go off with sb

    She went off with the gardener's son.她跟园丁的儿子私奔了。

    Her parents didn't allow her to marry the young man and she went off with him secretly.她父母不允许她与那个年轻人结婚,她便悄悄地和他私奔了。

  3. 睡着 fall asleep go off with

    Has the baby gone off yet?孩子睡着了吗?

    He has gone off by the fire.他靠着火炉睡着了。

  4. 消失 cease to be felt go off

    The headache went off quite suddenly.头疼突然就消失了。

  5. 中断,停止供应 cease operation go off

    Suddenly the lights went off.电灯突然熄灭了。

    The heating goes off at night.暖气夜里就停了。

    At what time does the movie go off?电影什么时候结束?

  6. 爆炸 explode go off

    The bomb went off, killing three people.炸弹爆炸,炸死了三个人。

    I could hear the bombs going off on the other side of the city.我可以听到炸弹在城市另一端爆炸的声音。

    He was badly injured when a firework went off in his face.一个花炮在他脸上爆炸,使他伤得很厉害。

    The gun went off by accident.这枪走火了。

  7. 作响,发生巨响 ring or sound loudly go off

    He went off into a passion.他大发雷霆。

    The alarm went off when the thieves went in.盗贼进去时,警铃作响。

    I nearly fell out of bed when the alarm went off this morning.今天早上警报响起来,我吓得几乎从床上摔了下来。

  8. 发生 take place go off

    Everything went off smoothly.一切顺利。

    Everything went off according to the plan.一切按照计划进行。

    How did the performance go off?演出进行得怎么样?

    The performance went off splendidly.演出大获成功。

  9. 开始变坏,变质 begin to go bad go off

    Meat goes off quickly in hot weather.肉在热天里很快会变坏。

    Fish soon goes off in this hot weather.在这么热的天气里鱼很快会变质。

    Don't eat that fruit, it has gone off a bit.别吃那水果,有点坏了。

  10. 变差 get bad go off

    He used to be quite a good player, but he's gone off lately.他曾是个相当好的运动员,但近来不行了。

    The lecturer used to do well, but he seems to have gone off now.这个讲师以前挺好,但如今似乎讲得差了。

go off2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…失去兴趣 lose interest in go off sb/sth/v-ing

    He has gone off her, and doesn't want to see her again.他厌烦了她,所以不想再见到她。

    I've gone off tea, give me some coffee.我已经对茶不感兴趣了,给我点咖啡。

    I'm afraid I've gone off Japanese food.我恐怕是不喜欢日本饭菜啦。

    Many people have gone off having holidays at home.They prefer going abroad on holidays.许多人已经对在家中过节不感兴趣,而喜欢出国度假。

go on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go on通常不用于进行体。
  2. 向前走; 前进 advance go on

    Go on until you get to the next corner and then turn left.一直往前走,到了第一个拐角,就向左转弯。

    Go straight on until you come to a large white building.一直往前走,直到你到了一所白色的大房子。

    After a short rest, they took up their knapsacks and went on.休息了一会儿之后,他们又背起背包上路了。

  3. 继续做 continue doing go on

    Go on!You are right this time.I should congratulate you.接着来,这次你对了!我要向你祝贺。

    Go on, what happened next?说下去,后来怎么了?

    I don't mean to interrupt, please go on.我并不想打断你,请你继续说下去。

    She hesitated for a moment, and then went on.她迟疑了一下,然后接着说。

    Don't be nervous!You've almost got the answer.Go on!别紧张!你接近答案了,接着来!

    Let's go on!咱们继续下去!

    We'll stop here.We'll go on tomorrow.我们就干到这里,明天再干。

    How long will this cold weather go on?这种冷天气还得持续多久?

    go on to-v

    She went on to talk after she finished reading the book.看完书后她又接着讲。

    After singing us a song, she went on to tell us a story.给我们唱了支歌后,她接着又给我们讲了个故事。

    He went on to talk about the world situation.他接着又谈起了世界形势。

    Go on to read Lesson Three.接着读第三课。

  4. 进行 carry out go on

    How did you go on there?你在那儿过得怎样?

    How did you go on in your examination?你考得怎么样?

    We could hardly have gone on without your help.要是没有您的帮助,我们很难取得进展。

    Do you have facts to go on?你有可依据的事实吗?

  5. 发生 take place go on

    I wonder what was going on.我不知道发生了什么事。

    There is a crowd outside.What is going on?外面有一大群人。出了什么事?

    What is going on here?这儿发生了什么事?

    What's going on next door?There seems to be a good deal of noise.隔壁发生了什么事?好像喧闹声很大。

    That sort of thing goes on all the time.那类事时时都有。

  6. 上场 perform on stage go on

    It's your turn to go on.该你上了。

    She doesn't go on until Act Two.她要到第二幕才出场。

    She went on as a witch in Macbeth .她在《麦克白》一剧中饰巫婆。

  7. 责骂不休,批评,抱怨 criticize or complain go on

    She goes on terribly when she gets angry.她一生气,就骂不绝口。

    go on at sb

    If he goes on at you again, you should resign.要是他再责备你,你就该辞职。

    Why do you go on at him all the time?He does his best.你干吗老是责怪他?他尽了他最大的努力。

    I don't like the way he goes on at his children.我看不惯他那样骂孩子。

  8. 打开 put on go on

    The lights went on at 6 o'clock.灯在6点钟亮了。

    The lights went on day and night and it was really a waste.电灯白天黑夜都亮着,这真是一种浪费。

    The heating goes on automatically when it is below 15 degrees in the room.室温在15度以下时,暖气就自动开始供热了。

  9. 过去,消逝 pass away go on

    As time went on, things began to change.随着时间的推移,情况开始发生变化。

    As time went on, many changes took place in our village.随着时间的流逝,我们村发生了很多变化。

    As time went on, people came to be aware of the seriousness of China's population.随着岁月的流逝,人们逐渐地认识到中国的人口问题的严重性。

    I get more depressed, as time goes on.我的郁闷情绪与日俱增。

  10. 别开玩笑 stop playing joke on go on

    Go on, you're kidding me.得啦,你是在骗我。

    Oh, go on (with you)!哎呀,去你的吧!

go on2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 用于,花费在… be spent on

    Fifty percent of my income goes on rent. 我收入的50%用到了房租上。

    A lot of his money goes on travelling. 他的钱大都花在旅行上。

    All her earnings go on clothes. 她挣来的钱都花在衣服上了。

  2. 以…为依据; 受…指导 take or accept as evidence or to be guided by

    We can't go on evidence like that. 我们不能拿那个当作证据。

    Do you have facts to go on? 你有可依据的事实吗?

    We have only his word to go on. 我们只能以他的话为根据。

    This is the only data I have to go on. 我参考的资料就这么一点。

  3. 为了…而去 depart for the purpose of

    They're going on a trip to Europe next year. 明年他们要到欧洲去旅行。

    A lot of people want to go on this visit, and only if we have five buses will we have enough. 想去参观的人很多,5辆车才够。

    It's time I went on a refresher course — I'm getting out of touch with modern techniques. 我近来不接触现代科技,现在确实是我到新科技动态学习班进修的时候了。

  4. 喜欢,爱好 be fond of

    I don't go on that at all. 我才不喜欢那个呢。

  5. 开始接受; 从…得到救济 begin to receive

    The year was 1933, and when Mary's father lost that job and couldn't find another one, the family had to go on the dole. 那是1933年,玛丽的父亲失了业,找不到工作,一家人只得去领救济金。

  6. 举止 conduct oneself or to behave

    What a silly way to go on! 多么愚蠢的举动啊!

  7. 接近 approach

    Father is going on seventy-eight. 我父亲年近78岁了。

  8. 继续下去; 延续下去 continue without pause

    He went on talking as though nothing had happened. 他继续说下去,就像什么也没发生一样。

    She went on working after she greeted me. 她给我打了声招呼,又接着干自己的事儿。

    He went on doing experiments. 他继续做实验。

go on to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go on to通常不用于进行体。 go on to sth
  2. 进入 enter

    The most promising students will go on to college. 最有前途的学生将会考进大学。

    We should go on to the next item for time is short. 时间不多了,我们应该谈下一项内容。

    There's no room in this hotel.Let's go on to the next hotel. 这家旅馆没有空房间,让我们继续到下一个旅馆去吧。

  3. 持续 last

    Autumn starts in August, and goes on to October. 秋天从8月开始,一直持续到10月。

go on with (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go on with通常不用于进行体。 go on with sb/sth
  2. 别说了 stop saying
  3. 继续干,一度中止后再继续干 continue doing sth

    Go on with your work! 继续干你们的活吧!

    You may go on with your concert. 你可以继续开音乐会。

    After a little pause, he went on with his speech. 稍停一会儿后,他又继续讲演。

go out (v.+adv.)
  1. 走出,出去; 出国 leave a house, etc.or to go overseas

    Don't go out after dark. 天黑后别往外跑。

    Are you going out by plane or by ship? 你是搭飞机还是乘船出国?

    He had gone out learning English before I got home. 我到家以前他已经出去学英语了。

    Sometimes they went out for lunch. 有时候他们出去吃午饭。

    When she was eighteen, she went out as a governess. 她18岁时去任家庭教师。

  2. 参加社交活动 take part in social activities

    Mrs.Snow will go out a great deal, even at seventy-five. 斯诺夫人已经75岁了,还经常参加社交活动。

  3. 被发出; 被发布,被发行; 被传布 be sent out or be issued

    The pamphlet goes out in 6000 copies. 这小册子发行了六千本。

    Forms have gone out to all our sub-offices. 表格发到我们的所有分局。

    Voting papers went out to everyone in the society. 选票发到社会上每一个人。

  4. 退下,消退 move away from the land

    The tide goes out at 4 p.m. 下午四时退潮。

  5. 压坍,倒坍 collapse

    Since the bridge went out, the traffic has stopped. 自从桥坏了以后,交通就断了。

    We must take effective measures to prevent the dike from going out. 我们必须采取有效措施防止堤坝垮坍。

  6. 熄灭; 停止运转 become extinguished or cease to operate

    The fire has gone out. 火灭了。

    His cigarette went out and he hurried to find matches. 他的香烟灭了,他急忙找火柴。

    The flame of the burning candle soon went out. 蜡烛的火焰很快就熄灭了。

    The light has gone out of her life. 她的生命之火已经熄灭了。

  7. 死去; 消逝; 失去知觉 die or become unconscious

    The patient caught pneumonia and went out shortly before midnight. 那个病人感染了肺炎,在午夜前不久死了。

    Her love has slowly gone out. 她的爱情慢慢地消逝了。

    One heavy blow to the chin and the challenger went out like a light. 下巴挨了一重拳以后,挑战者立即被打得不省人事了。

  8. 辞职,下台; 被淘汰 retire from power or give up office or cease to function in a competition

    It's nearly two months since Labour Government went out. 工党政府下野将近两个月了。

    That team went out in the third round. 那个队在第三轮比赛中被淘汰了。

  9. 结束,过完 be over

    April went out like a lion.4 月去时猛如狮。

    The year went out with the news of a major earthquake in Peru. 那年年终,传来了秘鲁发生大地震的消息。

  10. 不再流行,过时 cease to be fashionable

    Flared trousers went out years ago. 喇叭裤多年前就过时了。

    Few Englishmen wear frock coats now.They went out years ago. 现在,英国人很少穿大礼服了,大礼服在多年以前就不时兴了。

go out with (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 和…约会 make appointment with go out with sb

    How long has Mary been going out with David?玛丽跟戴维一起外出有多久了?

    My parents wouldn't let me go out with boys.我的父母不让我跟男孩子出去玩。

    My mother won't allow me to go out with him.我母亲不许我和他交往。

go over1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 go over通常不用于进行体。
  2. 被接受,留下印象 be received or make an impression go over

    Did his lecture go over well?Did they like it?他的讲演成功吗?他们喜欢这次讲演吗?

    His speech went over well.他的发言效果很好。

    They didn't tell me whether his speech went over all right or badly.他们并没告诉我他的讲话反应好不好。

    The concert went over very well.音乐会开得非常成功。

    Is the meeting going over as well as we hoped?会议是否开得像我们预期的那样顺利?

  3. 搁置起来 be put aside or put off go over

    This matter will go over until the next session.这件事将留待下次会议讨论。

  4. 翻,转 turn over go over into/in sth

    The car went over into a ditch.汽车翻到沟里去了。

    It took all he could do to keep his cart from going over in the tortuous mountain trails.他竭尽全力才算保住大车,没有在曲曲弯弯的山路上翻倒。

  5. 走过去 move towards go over

    Go over and help him.过去帮他一下。

  6. 转为 transfer go over to sb/sth

    They have gone over to the enemy.他们投降了敌人。

    The chief of the group has gone over to the opposite.那个组织的头头归降了对方。

    Italy went over to the Allies in 1944.意大利在1944年转到同盟国这边。

    Most of the army went over to the PLA after being defeated.被打败后,大部分军队都归降了人民解放军。

    We don't have time to deal with this question today, it'll have to go over to the next session.今天我们没时间讲这个问题,得留到下次了。

go over2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 搜查,检查 search or inspect

    The guards went over the prisoners one by one to see that they were not hiding any weapons. 看守们将犯人一一搜了一遍,以确定他们没有私藏武器。

    A woman police officer was going over the girl in a small room when the telephone rang. 一个女警官正在一间小屋里搜查一个姑娘时,电话铃突然响了。

    In going over the paper, she found some serious grammatical errors. 她在检查论文的时候,发现几处严重的语法错误。

  2. 经过 pass by

    The airplane went over San Francisco on its way to New York. 这架飞机在飞往纽约途中从旧金山上空经过。

    The army went over the river. 部队已经过了河。

    I went over the river by ferry boat. 我乘渡船过河。

    The pupils from our school often help old people and children go over the road. 我校学生经常扶老携幼,帮助他们横过马路。

  3. 重念 read again

    I asked her to go over her lines again. 我要求她重念一下她的台词。

    The actor went over his lines for many times in case he forgot. 那位演员反复练习他的台词,以免忘记。

  4. 评论 give comment on

    I wish you would stop going over my mistakes. 但愿你别再议论我的错误。

  5. 重复,再做 repeat or do again

    The boy wrote his sentence on the blackboard carelessly, and he had to go over it. 那个男生粗枝大叶地把自己造的句子写在黑板上,所以他不得不再做一遍。

    Let's go over Scene Two again. 让我们把第二场戏再排练一遍。

  6. 弄干净,使干净 clean

    It is my mother who goes over the rooms every morning. 是我母亲,她老人家每天早晨归置屋子。

    The maid went over the room quickly with a duster. 那个女仆用掸子很快地给房间掸尘。

go sky-high
  1. 高速增长 go very high

    Prices go sky-high whenever there is inflation. 通货膨胀时,物价总是飞涨。

go through1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 被批准 be ratified

    The law has now gone through. 这一法律现在已获通过。

    Her application went through and she was employed. 她的求职申请得到了批准,她被雇用了。

    The bill has gone through and become an Act of Parliament. 这个议案已获通过并成为一项议院法案。

  2. 成交生意 successfully complete

    The deal went through all right. 这项交易顺利成交。

    The sale of the store went through quickly. 这家店铺的转卖迅速成交。

go through2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 检查,审查,搜查 examine thoroughly

    They went through our luggage at the customs. 海关人员仔细检查了我们的行李。

    The Customs men went through our suitcases. 海关人员检查了我们的箱子。

    The police went through the suspect's clothes. 警察搜查了嫌疑犯的衣袋。

    We spent days going through all related reference material. 我们花了好多天功夫查阅所有有关的参考资料。

  2. 完成,做完 complete

    He went through his lessons. 他做完了功课。

    With great concentration she went through the movements. 她聚精会神地做完这些动作。

    They went through the appropriate marriage procedure. 他们举行了适当的结婚仪式。

    It's a formality which we have to go through. 这是我们必须履行的一项手续。

    They waited for their turn to go through the entry formalities. 他们等着轮到他们办理入境手续。

  3. 练习 exercise

    Let's go through the sonata once more. 这个奏鸣曲咱们再练习一遍。

    He watched a group of teenage girls going through their basic skills. 他看一群十多岁的女孩子练基本功。

    The artists were going through their daily routines. 艺术家们正进行日常的练功活动。

  4. 遭受,经受,经历 suffer from

    She went through untold hardships in her childhood. 她童年时期受过说不完的艰难困苦。

  5. 穿过,通过 pass through

    The river goes through the city. 这条河流穿过这个城市。

    The thread went through the eye of the needle. 线穿过了针眼。

    The piano went through the door easily. 钢琴很容易地通过了那道门。

  6. 用完,用掉 use up

    We've gone through all those envelopes I bought last week. 我们用完了我上周买的所有的信封。

    The boy has gone through the seat of his trousers. 这男孩子穿坏了裤子的后裆。

    They have gone through two pairs of shoes since then. 从那以后,他们穿坏了两双鞋。

    In less than six months he went through his entire inheritance. 不到六个月他就把全部遗产花光了。

  7. 看完 finish reading

    How long will it take to go through the book? 读完这本书要多少时间?

    Jack went through the magazine quickly. 杰克很快就把杂志看完了。

  8. 湿透 be completely wet

    The rain has gone through my raincoat. 雨水湿透了我的雨衣。

  9. 讨论 discuss

    Let's go through the plan again. 让我们再详细地讨论这项计划吧。

go to (v.+prep.)
  1. 去… go and take part in

    They have gone to the movie. 他们去看电影了。

    Would you like to go to the show? 你想去看演出吗?

    Did any of you go to the exhibition? 你们有谁参观展览会了吗?

    She is going to Nanjing next week. 她下个星期要去南京。

    I'm going to the Summer Palace tomorrow. 我打算明天去颐和园。

    In China, children go to school at the age of seven. 在中国,儿童7岁开始上学。

    She went to London University. 她进了伦敦大学。

    He went to hospital. 他去医院了。

    The Christians go to church once every week. 基督教徒每星期做一次礼拜。

    John went to prison. 约翰坐牢了。

  2. 费工夫,花钱 spend

    Every penny should go to charity. 每个便士都应当用在慈善事业上。

    The money will go to financing a new community centre. 这些钱将用来资助一个新社区中心。

    They went to great expense to educate their children. 他们花了很多钱使孩子受教育。

  3. 求助于,求教于 turn to help

    She often goes to Miss Li for advice on English study. 她经常去李小姐那里求教英语学习的问题。

  4. 被给予 be obtained

    The first prize for physics went to Kate. 凯特得了物理的一等奖。

    Some of the credit should go to the cameraman. 一部分荣誉应归于那位摄影师。

  5. 等于,相当于 be equal

    Twelve inches go to a foot. 十二英寸等于一英尺。

go to it
  1. 好好干 make sth done well

    Go to it,Robert—if you work hard, you'll have it finished by lunch time! 好好干,罗伯特——你要是下工夫干的话,午饭之前就可干完。

go together (v.+adv.)
  1. 协调; 相配 harmonize

    These people go together all right. 这些人在一起合得来。

    Her green skirt and her blue dress go together. 她的绿裙子和蓝衣服相配。

    The carpet and curtains go toegther well. 那地毯和窗帘很协调。

    The colours go so very well together. 这颜色搭配得极好。

  2. 伴随,共存 be usually found together

    Bullying and cowardice often go together. 恫吓常与胆怯共存。

    Vanity and virtue do not go together. 虚荣与美德不是共生物。

  3. 相爱,陪伴 combine well with sb

    That fellow and that girl go together. 那个小伙和那个姑娘相爱。

  4. 互相牵扯 entail each other

    These events go together. 这些事件互相牵扯。

    Such conditions always seem to go together. 这样一些条件似乎总是互相牵连。

    Medical symptoms of this kind often go together. 这类症状常常牵扯在一起。

go under (v.+adv.)
  1. 沉没; 沉落 (of a ship or floating object) sink

    A boat went under nearby. 附近一条小舟沉没了。

    The sun slowly went under. 太阳慢慢落下。

  2. 失败,破产 go bankrupt

    He has completely gone under. 他彻底失败了。

    She had no head for business, and it was not long before she went under. 她没有做生意的头脑,不久就失败了。

    Many traders went under during the war. 战争时期,许多商人破产。

    The firm has gone under. 这个公司已经倒闭。

    His business went under when he started borrowing too much. 他一开始大量举债,他的公司就走向崩溃了。

go up (v.+adv.)
  1. 上升,上涨,提高,增加,增高 rise, increase or improve go up

    I see the mercury is going up.Perhaps we're going to get a spell of good weather at last.我见到水银柱在上升。大概咱们终于能有一阵子好天气了。

    The temperature is going up; will the snow melt?气温在上升,雪会融化吗?

    Everything seems to be going up these days.近来什么东西好像都要涨价。

    Prices of all kinds of goods have gone up.各种商品的价格都已上涨。

    Consumer goods production was to go up by six percent in that city.在那个城市,消费品生产将增长百分之六。

  2. 响起,开始被听见 get into noise or be heard go up

    A cheer went up in the hall.大厅里响起了欢呼声。

    When the first stream of clear water flowed into the canal, a great cheer went up.当第一股清泉流入水渠时,顿时一片欢腾。

    A shout went up from the crowd at the game.看比赛的人群中有人大声喊叫起来。

  3. 爆炸; 被炸毁,被烧毁 explode or be destroyed by fire or explosion go up

    The bomb went up, killing three people.炸弹爆炸,炸死三人。

    A chemical factory went up in North England, killing many people.英格兰北部的一家化工厂发生爆炸,使许多人丧生。

  4. 被建造起来,拔地而起 be erected go up

    How many houses have gone up this year?今年新建了多少住房?

    New universities went up at a fantastic rate in the 1980s.在80年代,新的大学以极快的速度建造起来。

    Everywhere you look, you can see glass and concrete monstrosities going up.到处你都能看到玻璃和混凝土的庞然大物拔地而起。

    New office blocks are going up in the city.新的办公大楼在这座城市里建了起来。

    New buildings are going up everywhere.到处矗立起新楼。

  5. 某事开始了 (a certain of sth) start go up

    The curtain went up.开演了。

  6. 入…,进… enter... go up to sth

    When will you go up to Cambridge University?你什么时候去剑桥大学?

    I go up to London.我到伦敦去。

    He will go up to the Arctic Region.他将到北极地区去。

  7. 报考,当候选人 go forward as a candidate go up for sth

    She has gone up for the exam.她已经报考。

  8. 破灭 be shattered go up in smoke〔flames〕

    Her hopes of going to college went up in smoke when her father lost his job.她父亲失业后,她上大学的希望破灭了。

    With the outbreak of renewed hostilities on the border all their hopes for peace have gone up in flames.由于在边界上重新爆发了敌对行动,他们的一切和平希望都付之一炬了。

  9. 破产 become bankrupt go up

    The firm in which Dick worked has gone up.狄克工作的那家公司已经破产了。

go with (v.+prep.)
  1. 相伴; 伴随 accompany or occur with

    I'll go with him as far as the bus stop. 我陪他到汽车站。

    Oh, very well.I'll go with you if you're afraid to go alone. 噢,好吧。如果你一个人走感到害怕,我陪你去。

    The children went with the parents to Spain. 孩子们随父母到西班牙去了。

    The house goes with the job. 安家须立业。

    Poverty goes with laziness. 贫穷伴随着懒惰。

    Happiness does not necessarily go with money. 金钱不一定使人幸福。

  2. 赶时髦; 随大流 stay in fashion or to think and behave as the majority does

    There are some teenagers who have independent tastes, but most of them tend to go with the crowd. 有些孩子有自己的欣赏品味,但大多数孩子往往随大流。

    We must go with the times, go as others do nowadays. 我们必须跟上时代潮流。

  3. 跟…相配,协调 harmonize with

    Brown shoes don't go well with your trousers. 棕色鞋与你的裤子不相配。

    This tie does not go with your coat. 这条领带和你的上衣不相配。

    The hat goes well with your suit. 这顶帽子跟你的衣服很相称。

    Certain kinds of wine go with certain kinds of food. 某些酒与某些饭食相配。

    They go well with porridge and buns. 粥、馒头和它们一起吃很好。

  4. 跟…谈恋爱 have sb as boyfriend or girlfriend

    He goes with her. 他跟她恋爱。

    She is the girl I go with. 她就是我的对象。

    He often goes with her these days. 如今他经常跟她约会。

  5. 与…持同一看法,同意 agree with

    I can't go with you in that. 在那一点上我不同意你的看法。

go without (v.+prep.)
  1. 没有,缺乏,将就 endure the lack of sth go without sth

    He went without enough food for several days.他好几天没有吃饱饭也将就对付过去了。

    We had to go without many necessities.那时很多生活必需品我们只好不用。

    In primitive times man went without shoes or clothing.在原始时代,人都不穿鞋或衣服。

    It's unhealthy to go without sleep.缺少睡眠对身体不利。

  2. 不言而喻,理所当然 be easily understood go without saying that

    It goes without saying that he is a good father.不用说,他是个好父亲。

    It goes without saying that health is above wealth.健康胜于财富这是不言而喻的。

    It goes without saying that an experienced person will do that work better than someone without experience.不言而喻,有经验的人做这事要比没经验的人做得好。

用作名词 (n.)
all the go
  1. 非常流行,风行一时 very fashionable

    The type of skirt is all the go. 这种裙子很时髦。

at one go
  1. 一下子,一举 in one single attempt

    Few authors write a book at one go. 很少有作家能一口气写出一本书来。

    He finished the job at one go. 他一下子就把工作做完了。

    Aunt Polly blew out all the candles on her birthday cake at one go. 波莱阿姨一下子就把她生日蛋糕上的蜡烛都吹灭了。

have a go
  1. 企图,尝试 make an attempt to do sth

    He had several goes at the high jump before he succeeded in clearing it. 他跳高时试跳了几次才跳过去。

    She had a go at shooting at the target but didn't do very well. 她对准靶子试着射击了一次,但打得不怎么准。

    Have a go, please! 请试一下吧!

    The police are not always in favour of the public having a go. 警方并非总是赞成平民自己动手抓刑事嫌疑犯。

  2. 抱怨 complain

    My boyfriend is sure to have a go at me for spending so much money. 我的男友肯定要埋怨我花了这么多钱。

make a go of
  1. 成功 make a success of

    Do you think they'll ever make a go of their marriage? 你认为他们的婚姻会很美满吗?

    He made a go of the new store. 他把新开的店搞得很兴隆。

on the go
  1. 活跃,忙个不停 active, never resting

    I've been on the go all day and I'm worn out. 我整天忙忙碌碌,现在已筋疲力尽了。

    It's all on the go in the office today. 今天办公室里忙得不可开交。

    I've been all on the go all week. 我整个星期一直都很忙。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • 'Rum go, that,' said George when she had left.

    出自:K. Amis
  • I have resolved to run when I can, to go when I cannot run, and to creep when I cannot go.

    出自:Bunyan
  • My horse went very awkwardly and uneasy.

    出自:Defoe

go的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. go的基本意思是“离开原来的地方向别处挪动”。引申可表示“去,走,旅行,前进”“离开,离去”“死,垮,坏”“放弃,消失,停止存在”“处于…状态”“流行,流传,流通”“发生,进展,变成,变为”“运行,运转,起作用,走动”“遵照…行动”“放置,装入,纳入”“响,发音,报钟点”“流逝,消逝,走过,经过”“归,落入…手”“诸”“总共,合成”“通到,延伸至”“花费”“卖,卖得…价”“有节奏,与曲调相配”“称为,叫做,冒名”“有,备有”“招惹”等意思。
  2. go用作不及物动词时,常可接带to的动词不定式,这动词不定式并不是用作状语表示目的,而是与go构成一个动词短语,意思是“去做某事”,在非正式英语中,这种结构常可变为go and do sth,而在美式英语中and常被省去。
  3. go常用于“be going to+动词原形”结构,可以用于表示时间,即“将要做某事”;也可以用于表示意志,即“打算做某事”“准备做某事”。表示“将要做某事”的用法在美式英语中使用得很广泛,大有取代英式英语中的shall〔will〕之势。表示“打算做某事”“准备做某事”时多用于人称结构,用于被动语态时则可用于非人称结构,表示情况的必然或或然等。用于一般过去时态,be going to所表示的意图往往是未达到的。I was going to see you yesterday, but it rained. 我本本打算昨天去看你,可是下雨了。; 也可为非人称代词it,用于自然现象。
  4. “be going to”后有时也可接名词(多表示地点),这时to是介词。现代英语中也可用“be going to go to”,两者意思相同,都表示“去某地”,但后者使用不太广泛。
  5. “not going to”的含义因主语不同而有异。当主语是第一人称时意为“(主语)不愿做某事”; 当主语是第二或第三人称时则意为“(说话人)不许(主语)做某事”或“(说话人)认为(主语)无权做某事”。
  6. go to后常接不带冠词的名词,表示去进行一种活动,而不表示去什么地方。例如:go to school(上学)是习惯用法。
  7. go在用作不及物动词时,其主动结构有时含有被动意义,这主要用于①以废弃、去掉、放弃的东西作主语。常与must, have to, can等连用; ②以花费的金钱〔时间〕作主语,常以in引出花钱〔时间〕的项目,以on引出花钱〔时间〕的目标; ③以售卖的东西作主语,接to引出买主,接at引出单价,接for引出卖得的钱; ④以授予的奖品、称号或财产作主语,以to引出承受人; ⑤以装入物为主语,以in引出容纳物。
  8. go也可用作系动词,其后多接形容词或常用作形容词的过去分词作表语,多表示不好的意思。
  9. go用作系动词时,还可以现在分词作补足语,这种用法源自“go+动名词”,一般用来表示①带有经常性的一般活动,如go shopping; ②带有一定程度的职业性活动,如go soldiering; ③体育运动或娱乐消遣,如go swimming〔fishing〕等。
  10. 在“go+ v -ing”结构中,如构成现在分词的动词是及物动词,其宾语可以置于现在分词之后,也可以置于其前。例如:The little girl likes to go gathering mushrooms.那小姑娘爱去采蘑菇。He went sight-seeing.他观光去了。
  11. Array
n.(名词)
  1. go可指在游戏中轮到某人做游戏; 在口语中,也可指人精力充沛或具有活力和生气; 还可指疾病等的侵袭或发作。
  2. have a go的意思是“尝试”“抱怨”; make a go of的意思是“成功”; on the go的意思是“忙碌”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
go on doing sth, go on to do sth
这两个短语的共同意思是“继续做某事”。其区别是:
go on doing sth指不停地,或稍停后“继续原来的事”; 而go on to do sth 指完成某事后“继续”另一件事。例如:
Go on reading Lesson Three.继续读第三课。
He welcomed the new students and then went on to explain the college regulations.他首先欢迎新同学,然后接着解释这所学校的规章制度。
be going to, be about to
参见about条。
be going to, be thinking of, intend, mean
这四者都有“想要”或“打算”的意思。其区别是:
1.mean比intend单纯,没有intend专心于某事的含义。
2.be going to表示在说话之前已经作出决定; 而be thinking of则表示正在“想”或“打算”,还没有最后决定。
3.在口语中,一般不用intend to,而用be going to或be thinking of的形式来表达。
4.mean还有“意味”的意思,而另三个词(组)则没有此义。
go, come
这两个词都可表示“来”。其区别是:
1.一般说来, come所表示的动作是朝向说话人或听话人的; 而go则用于运动方向。
2.在作定语时, to come意为“即将来到的”, to go则是“剩下”的意思。试比较:
  • You should always think of the danger to come.
  • 你得经常想到今后的危险。
  • With only a few minutes to go, he went to school in a hurry.
  • 只剩下几分钟了,他匆匆忙忙上学去了。
3.表示参加到说话人的活动中去时,通常用come (with),而不用go。
go on, continue, last, succeed
参见continue条。
go, become
这两个词的共同意思是“变得”。其区别是:
1.当表示人们感情上的变化时,通常用become; 指人的身体上的变化时,可用go或become。例如:
He became aware of the gravity of the situation.他开始意识到情况的严重性。
She became〔went〕 mad.她疯了。
His mother became〔went〕 blind. 他母亲双目失明了。
2.如果是事物起变化,则好的或希望得到的结果使用become,坏的或不受欢迎的结果使用go。例如:
The milk went sour.牛奶变酸了。
Fish soon goes bad in hot weather.热天鱼很快会坏。
3.如果句子强调的不是变化本身,而是变化后的最终结果,通常用become,后面接一个表示结果的形容词。例如:
He has become accustomed to his new duties.他对他的新职务已习惯了。
go, become, come, grow, turn
这组词均可用作系动词,表示“变成”。其区别是:
1.come多指向好的方向转变; go往往指向坏的方面转变; become指向好的(也可指向坏的)方面发展, turn是正式用语,指向好的,也指向坏的方面转变。试比较:
  • When did that style of dress come into fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候时兴的?
  • When did that style of dress go out of fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候不时兴的?
2.come的主语往往是人; become的主语可以是人或物; 而go的主语多是物。
3.come的表语通常是形容词; become的表语可以是形容词、代词或名词(须加不定冠词); go和grow的表语为形容词; turn的表语可以是形容词或名词(不加不定冠词)。
go, get
两者均可表示“到”,但用法上不同。其区别在于:
1.get常表示动作的结束,即到达。例如:
We had hardly got here when it began to rain.我们刚刚到这儿就下雨了。
2.go表示整个动作过程。例如:
I went to school yesterday.昨天我去学校了。
3.表示艰难的到达时用get。例如:
The soldiers got over two hundred miles a day.士兵们一天就走完了200英里的路程。
go, step, walk
这三个词都可表示“走路”,有时可以替换,如:Step〔Walk,Go〕 in, please.请进。其区别是:
step着重举步、迈步; go表示从一处向另一处运动,指走路,也可指乘车,可用于人或其他动物; walk着重用双脚有规律地走路,亦快亦慢,只用于人。例如:
He stepped back and gave me another look.他后退一步,又看了我一眼。
I must go.我得走了。
She walked with light steps.她走起来步态轻盈。
go back, be back, come back, get back, return
这组词(组)都可表示“回去”。其区别是:
return与其他词相比有些书卷气; come back的意思是“回归”“回来”,指回到说话人所在的地方; go back指回到出发点,是一种非正式说法,常用于口语中; get back是回到原来的出发点; be back意为“回来了”,表示状态,是日常应用最广的非正式说法。例如:
Did Duff come back?—Yes, he came back.达夫回来了吗?是的,他回来了。
Now let's go back to the beginning of the page.现在让我们回到这页的开头。
When he got back, he found that supper was over.当他回来的时候,他发现晚餐已经结束了。
I'll be back next Saturday.我将在下个星期六回来。
go for, send for
这两者所表达的意义不同:send for指派人或送信去请要请的人,也可用于遣人来取某物件; 而go for表示自己去取、去买、去请。例如:
  • Please keep the suitcase until I send for it.
  • 请把这只手提箱保存一下,等我派人 来取。
  • Mother has gone for some medicine.
  • 母亲取药去了。
go on foot, walk
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“步行”。其区别是:
1.walk是一般用语,只有因某种特殊要求,如需对照、强调等时,才用go on foot。例如:
I prefer to go on foot.我宁愿步行。
2.(动物)走通常不用walk,而用go。
go out, put out
这两个短语的共同意思是“熄灭”。其区别是:
go out用如不及物动词,意思是主体自行熄灭,其后不加宾语; 而put out是主体使客体(如灯、火等)熄灭,其后必须有宾语。试比较下面两个句子意思的不同:
  • The lamp went out. 灯灭了。
  • He put out the lamp. 他把灯关了。
go to bed, get to sleep, sleep
这三者在意思上有所区别:sleep意为“睡着,入睡”; get to sleep意为“设法睡着”; go to bed意为“上床,就寝”。例如:
I have slept for seven hours.我睡了7个小时了。
I couldn't get to sleep last night.昨天晚上我无法入睡。
I usually go to bed at ten.我通常10点就寝。
go to bed late, sleep late
这两个短语在意思上有所差别:前者表示“起床晚”; 后者表示“睡得迟”。例如:
He often sleeps late.他时常很晚才起床。
I often go to bed late.我时常很晚才就寝。
advance progress proceed move on go
这些动词均含“前进,行进,进展”之意。
  • advance:advance主要用于具体的人或物,也可指科学技术和运动等。
  • progress:progress指按某一既定目标前进,取得发展,目的性很明确,强调经常和稳定地前进。
  • proceed:proceed侧重指继续前进。
  • move on:move on非正式用语,侧重从某一停止点向某地前进,但不表示前进的目的地。
  • go:go最常用词,含义宽泛而不确切,依上文确定其具体意思。
become get grow turn go come
这些动词均可表示“变成,成为”之意。
  • become:become最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。
  • get:get常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。
  • grow:grow常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。
  • turn:turn侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。
  • go:go作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。
  • come:come侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。
depart leave go start quit set out
这些动词均含“离开某处”之意。
  • depart:depart较正式用词,指经过周密考虑或郑重地离开,强调离开的起点。
  • leave:leave侧重出发地而不是目的地。
  • go:go一般用词,指从所在地到其它地方去,着重目的地而非出发地。
  • start:start可与leave换用,强调目的地,但不及leave普通。
  • quit:quit侧重指离开令人烦恼的地方,或摆脱使人不快的人或事。
  • set out:set out书面用词。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他去北京已经一周了。

    He has gone to Beijing for a week.

    It's a week since he went to Beijing.

    He has been to Beijing for a week.

    go是瞬间动词,不能和表示一段时间的状语连用。

  2. 下周我们去跳舞吧。

    Let's go to dancing next week.

    Let's go dancing next week.

    表示“去从事某种活动”,通常应该说go v -ing,而不是go to- v 。类似的说法还有go shopping(去购物), go bathing(去洗澡), go swimming(去游泳), go hunting(去打猎), go shooting(去打猎)等。

  3. 我回来时,我的车不见了。

    When I came back, my car had gone.

    When I came back, my car was gone.

    当表示“某人或某物已消失,用完或不再存在”时,常用“be gone”的结构。当我们着眼于动作或动作的方向或目的地时,用“have gone”的结构。

  4. 秋天到了,树叶变成棕色了。

    Autumn comes and leaves get brown.

    Autumn comes and leaves go brown.

    go后面可以跟形容词来表示“变成”的意思,如 go red, go brown,这些表示颜色的词可以和go连用。但get一般不与表示颜色的词连用。

  5. 他经常在星期天去看老师。

    He often goes and sees his teachers on Sunday.

    He often go and sees teachers on Sunday.

    He often goes to see his teachers on Sunday.

    在“go and+ v ”结构中, go只能是原形动词,不能用其他形式。如果go用其他形式,则要将“and+ v ”改为“go to do sth ”。

  6. 他们全力以赴,投入这场斗争。

    They went all out with the struggle.

    They went all out for the struggle.

    “全力以赴投入…”,可说go all out for sth,这里的for不可换用with。

  7. 我困了,我要去睡觉了。

    I am sleepy; I will go to sleep.

    I am sleepy; I will go to bed.

    go to bed和go to sleep都有“睡觉”的意思,但go to bed指“就寝”“上床去睡”的动作; 而“go to sleep”是指“入睡”“进入梦乡”的过程。

  8. 休息片刻后,他们继续工作。

    They went on their work after a short rest.

    They went on with their work after a short rest.

    go on表示“继续”时,不可直接接名词或代词,应该说go on with n./pron. 。

  9. 尽管他们不断打扰,她还是继续讲下去。

    She went on to talk despite their interruptions.

    She went on talking despite their interruptions.

    go on表示“继续”时,其后可接动名词,不可接动词不定式。

  10. 这本是一所州立学校,但现在已经自立了。

    This used to be a state school, but it has gone independently.

    This used to be a state school, but it has gone independent.

    go作“变得”“变为”解时以形容词或起形容词作用的分词作表语,而不能跟副词。

  11. 他要作一次长途旅行。

    He is going to a long journey.

    He is going on a long journey.

    “去(作一次)旅行”英语的表达是go on a journey,其中介词不可换为to。类似的短语还有go on a trip(去旅行), go on business(去办事), go on an errand(去出差), go on strike(罢工),等等。

  12. 你知不知道比赛规则?我们一起复习一下。

    Do you know the rules of the game?Let's go them over.

    Do you know the rules of the game?Let's go over them.

    go over作复习解时是“不及物动词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词,其宾语(不管是名词还是代词)只能跟在介词之后,不能插在动词和介词之间。

n.(名词)
  1. 每个人都愿意试一试。

    Everyone is willing to make a go.

    Everyone is willing to have a go.

    Everyone is willing to have a try.

    go用作名词,作“尝试”解时不和动词make搭配。可说have a go, have a try,也可说make an attempt。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的agn,意为去。

go的相关资料:

正版词典

go : 直截了当地 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
go : 去,去干某 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
  • v.(动词) come 

缩略词

go的相关缩略词,共有77

互动百科

  • go:go vi. 离去, 走, 进行, 变成, 趋于, 达到, 求助于, 诉诸vt. 以...打赌, 忍受, 出产n. 去, 进行习惯用语a capital go [口]妙极了, 太好了a pretty…

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