disperse

  常用词汇  
[dɪ'spɜːs]     [dɪ'spɜːrs]    
  • v. 分散;散开
dispersible dispersedly dispersant dispersed dispersed dispersing disperses
new

disperse的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 分散,散开,散去
  2. 解散,使疏散
  3. 消散,消失,弥散
  4. 使散布,使广泛分布
  5. 【化】使分散
  6. 使散开,使弥散
  7. 散布,散发,传播
  8. 【物】使(光线)色散
  9. 咽下
  10. 将...安置在不同地点
  11. 使消散,驱散,使消失
adj. (形容词)
  1. 分散的
  2. 【物】弥散的

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)散开,驱散 (cause to) go in different directions; scatter; break up

英英释义

Verb:
  1. distribute loosely;

    "He scattered gun powder under the wagon"

  2. to cause to separate and go in different directions;

    "She waved her hand and scattered the crowds"

  3. cause to separate;

    "break up kidney stones"
    "disperse particles"

  4. move away from each other;

    "The crowds dispersed"
    "The children scattered in all directions when the teacher approached"

  5. separate (light) into spectral rays;

    "the prosm disperses light"

  6. cause to become widely known;

    "spread information"
    "circulate a rumor"
    "broadcast the news"

disperse的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The police dispersed the crowd.
    警方驱散群众。
  2. The wind dispersed the cloud from the sky.
    风吹散了天上的云。
  3. The enemy had to disperse and hide in caves.
    敌人不得不分散藏身于洞穴之中。
  4. The crowd dispersed.
    人群纷纷散开。
  5. The children disperse for the holidays.
    孩子们放假了。
  6. You disperse money too liberally.
    你的钱花得太大手大脚了。
  7. The police fired into the air in an attempt to disperse the crowd.
    警察朝天开枪,企图驱散人群。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The crowd dispersed when the police arrived.
    警察来时,群众散开。
  2. After school the children dispersed to their homes.
    放学后,孩子们各自回家了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The police dispersed the crowd.
    警察驱散了群众。
  2. The clouds dispersed themselves.
    云散了。
  3. 1
  4. Groups of police were dispersed all along the street where the Queen was to pass.
    一队队的警察分布在女皇将要经过的地方。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • Her feet disperse the powdery snow.

    出自: Wordsworth
  • The heralds were dispersed, the regiments disbanded..long ago.

    出自: P. L. Fermor

disperse的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. disperse表示“使…散开”“驱散”,可接名词或代词作宾语,还可接反身代词作宾语,以加强语气。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
disperse, dispel, scatter
  • 这组词的共同含义是“驱散,使消散”。其区别是:
  • scatter指驱使一群人或事物向四下散开,这种事物可以是看得见、摸得着的,也可以是抽象的; dispel仅用于无法触摸的事物,如云朵、情感等,并含有使之完全消失之意; disperse指彻底驱散一个紧凑整体,但不含有使之不能再聚拢的意思。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的dispersus,意为撒,散开。
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