free

  基本词汇  
[friː]     [friː]    
  • adj.自由的;免费的;畅通的;没有…的;未使用的;空闲的;随意的
  • v.释放;使自由;使摆脱;解除;使可用于(某目的)
  • adv.免费地;自由地
freely freer freest freeness freed freed freeing frees
new

free是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 自由的,自如的,不受拘束的
  2. 随意的,任意的
  3. 随便的
  4. 免费的
  5. 畅通的
  6. 未固定的,松开的
  7. 自主的,自立的
  8. 自动的
  9. 大方的
  10. 空闲的
  11. 奔放的,直率的
  12. 不客气的
  13. 流利的
  14. 不拘泥于文字的
v.(动词)
  1. (使)自由
  2. 解救,解放,(使)解脱,放,救出来,释放
  3. (使)摆脱,挣脱出来,脱离
  4. 松开,挣开,解开,抽出
  5. 输空
  6. 解除,清除,免除
  7. 使可用
  8. 使能腾出时间
  9. 使避免
adv.(副词)
  1. 免费地,无偿
  2. 自由地,无拘束地,无约束地,脱离束缚,随意地
  3. 一帆风顺地
  4. 松开着,脱开着
  5. 任意使用他人物品
  6. 通行无阻地,无障碍地
  7. 无负担地,无承担义务地
  8. 顺风地
n.(名词)
  1. 有着高贵血统的人

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 自由的; 不受约束的 able to act as one wants; not in prison or under anyone's control
  2. 免费的,无偿的 without payment of any kind; costing nothing
  3. 空闲的; 不忙的 not busy; without work or duty; having time to give attention to sb/sth
  4. [P]摆脱…的; 不受…影响的 without (sb/sth unwanted); safe from
  5. [P]大方的,慷慨的 ready to give; generous
adv.(副词)
  1. 免费地 without payment
  2. 自由地,无拘束地 in an uncontrolled manner
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 免除; 释放 make free (from); get rid (of); set at liberty

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
free : 自由的, 免 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
free : 自由的, 顺 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
free : 自 ...
free : 自由的, 无 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
free : 自由的, 免 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. people who are free;

    "the home of the free and the brave"

Adjective:
  1. able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint;

    "free enterprise"
    "a free port"
    "a free country"
    "I have an hour free"
    "free will"
    "free of racism"
    "feel free to stay as long as you wish"
    "a free choice"

  2. unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion;

    "free expansion"
    "free oxygen"
    "a free electron"

  3. costing nothing;

    "complimentary tickets"
    "free admission"

  4. not occupied or in use;

    "a free locker"
    "a free lane"

  5. not fixed in position;

    "the detached shutter fell on him"
    "he pulled his arm free and ran"

  6. not held in servitude;

    "after the Civil War he was a free man"

  7. not taken up by scheduled activities;

    "a free hour between classes"
    "spare time on my hands"

  8. completely wanting or lacking;

    "writing barren of insight"
    "young recruits destitute of experience"
    "innocent of literary merit"
    "the sentence was devoid of meaning"

  9. not literal;

    "a loose interpretation of what she had been told"
    "a free translation of the poem"

Adverb:
  1. without restraint;

    "cows in India are running loose"

Verb:
  1. grant freedom to; free from confinement

  2. relieve from;

    "Rid the house of pests"

  3. remove or force out from a position;

    "The dentist dislodged the piece of food that had been stuck under my gums"
    "He finally could free the legs of the earthquake victim who was buried in the rubble"

  4. grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to;

    "She exempted me from the exam"

  5. make (information) available for publication;

    "release the list with the names of the prisoners"

  6. free from obligations or duties

  7. free or remove obstruction from;

    "free a path across the cluttered floor"

  8. let off the hook;

    "I absolve you from this responsibility"

  9. part with a possession or right;

    "I am relinquishing my bedroom to the long-term house guest"
    "resign a claim to the throne"

  10. release (gas or energy) as a result of a chemical reaction or physical decomposition

  11. make (assets) available;

    "release the holdings in the dictator's bank account"

free的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The prisoners wish to be free again.
    囚犯们希望重获自由。
  2. As a freelancer, he has more free time to himself.
    因为是个自由职业者,他有更多属于自己的自由时间。
  3. This service is free of charge.
    该服务是免费的。
  4. Is the book for free or for a charge?
    这本书是免费的,还是收费的?
  5. A free flow of water came from the pipe.
    水从管道里通畅地流了出来。
  6. The hill is completely free from trees.
    这个山丘上一棵树也没有。
  7. He is free from any sense of responsibility.
    他丝毫没有责任感。
  8. He spends all his free time on computer games.
    他所有的空闲时间都花在电子游戏上了。
  9. Friday afternoons are left free for revision.
    留出星期五下午的时间做复习。
  10. She is very free in discussing her personal problem.
    她在与人谈论自己的私事时毫无拘束。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He requested that they free the hostages.
    他请求他们释放人质。
  2. Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves.
    亚伯拉罕•林肯解放了奴隶。
  3. They must free themselves from imperialist control.
    他们必须使自己摆脱帝国主义控制。
  4. She is making a desperate bid to free herself from a loveless marriage.
    她正作出不顾一切的努力去摆脱她那段没有爱情的婚姻。
  5. Relaxation exercises can free your body of tension.
    放松运动可以松缓身体的紧张。
  6. We freed time each week for a project meeting.
    我们每周都腾出时间开一次项目会议。
  7. The government has promised to free up more resources for education.
    政府保证调拨更多资源用于教育。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Children under five usually travel free on trains.
    五岁以下的儿童乘火车通常免费。
  2. He made free with all his girl-friend's money.
    他随便花女朋友的钱。
  3. The driver had to be cut free from the wreckage of his car.
    破开了汽车残骸才把司机解救出来。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. This is a free country.
    这是个自由的国家。
  2. He gave me free access to his valuable collection of scientific books.
    他允许我随便使用他所搜集的极有价值的科学书籍。
  3. Their quarrel developed into a free fight.
    他们的争吵最后发展为一场混战。
  4. I have only one free evening every week.
    我每周只有一个晚上有空。
  5. Workers enjoy free medical care.
    工人享受公费医疗。
n. +~
  1. There is no rooms free in our hotel these days.
    我们旅店这几天没有空房间。
  2. The goods will be sent to you postage free.
    货物将寄给你们,免收邮费。
  3. She lives there rent free.
    她住在那儿,免收房租。
  4. I wish to live a life entirely free from trouble.
    我希望过一种完全没有烦恼忧虑的生活。
  5. He is a man free from vulgar tastes.
    他是位脱离了低级趣味的人。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Your son's manner is rather free in the presence of his teachers.
    你儿子在老师面前举止未免太随便了。
  2. Are you free now?
    你现在有空吗?
  3. The doctor will be free in ten minutes' time; can you wait that long?
    医生再过十分钟就有空了,你能等那么长时间吗?
  4. I'll be free after Friday.
    星期五以后我就没事了。
  5. Is this seat free?
    这座位是空着的吗?
  6. Are the drinks free?
    这些饮料免费吗?
S+be+~+from n./pron.
  1. His elderly parents are free from care.
    他的年老双亲无忧无虑。
  2. The old lady is never free from pain.
    那位老人一直在受痛苦。
S+be+~+in n./pron.
  1. He is always free in his talk.
    他讲话总是很随便。
S+be+~+of n./pron.
  1. This is free of cost〔charge〕.
    这是免费的。
  2. She's been nothing but a nuisance; I'll be glad to be free of her when she leaves next week.
    她这个人讨厌之极,下星期她走了以后,我真高兴从此摆脱了她。
  3. All our food products are completely free of artificial flavourings and colourings.
    我们加工的所有食品都绝对不掺入人造调料和颜料。
  4. The ship was free of the harbour.
    船离开了港口。
S+be+~+with n./pron.
  1. She's very free with her money.
    她花钱大手大脚。
  2. He was very free with his money, it was soon gone.
    他乱花钱,不久便把钱花光了。
  3. He is very free with his time.
    他毫不吝惜自己的时间。
  4. She is free with her teacher.
    她和她的老师过分亲热。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. He was not free to choose his own career.
    他不能自由地选择他自己的事业。
  2. You are free to go or stay.
    去留随你的便。
  3. Do feel free to ask questions.
    请随便提问题。
  4. You are free to go anywhere you wish.
    你愿意去哪儿就去哪儿。
  5. Everyone is free to express himself.
    每个人都可以畅所欲言。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. They loosed the prisoners' chains and set them free.
    他们打开犯人的镣铐把他们释放了。
  2. Please set the bird free.
    请把鸟放掉吧。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. The gallery is open free.
    展览馆免费开放。
  2. An evening show was arranged to admit free the family members of the workers.
    安排了一个晚场免费招待工人家属。
  3. Babies are allowed to travel free on buses.
    婴儿可以免费乘坐公共汽车。
  4. Don't let the dog run free on the main road.
    别让狗在大马路上乱跑。
  5. The children ran free across the meadow.
    孩子们在草地里自由地奔跑。
  6. Two screws in this old wooden door have worked themselves free.
    这个旧门上的两个螺丝松了。
  7. The window has stuck, but I pushed it hard and it swung free.
    窗户卡住了,经我用力一推就松开了。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. This movement overthrew the serf system and freed a million serfs and slaves.
    这一运动推翻了农奴制,并且解放了百万农奴和奴隶。
  2. I need to go out; can you free me for an hour?
    我得外出,你可以让我告假一小时吗?
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. The five slaves were freed.
    那五个奴隶被释放了。
  5. They were freed yesterday by their kidnappers unharmed.
    他们昨天被绑架者释放了,没有受到伤害。
  6. After five years' imprisonment, the convict was freed.
    那个囚犯经过五年的监禁之后被释放了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Giving up my job freed me to spend more time with the children.
    放弃了工作我便能脱出身子,花更多的时间跟孩子们在一起。
  2. Retiring early from his job freed him to join several local clubs.
    他早早退休,摆脱了工作的束缚而加入了当地的几个俱乐部。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
as free as the air〔wind, a bird〕
  1. 自由自在 completely free

    Now that I've got my divorce I feel as free as a bird. 由于我已经离婚,我觉得自由自在了。

feel free
  1. 感到自由,无拘束 feel the lack of control or limitation

    I feel so free without those tight clothes. 脱去这些紧身衣服我感到浑身轻快。

    Who feels free to choose his own life? 谁能自由选择自己的生活呢?

  2. 〈非正〉随自己之意(做某事) regard oneself as welcome (to do sth)

    Treat this house as your own, feel free. 把这所房子当作你自己的好了,随便一些。

free and easy
  1. 不拘礼节的,自由自在的 lacking in too great seriousness and ceremony

    The teacher was free and easy with his students. 老师跟学生们很随便。

    She leads a free and easy sort of life and never troubles much about anything. 她过着逍遥自在的生活,从来不为任何事情烦心。

free hand
  1. 不受约束 unrestricted authority to act

    Roy is the expert so they gave him a free hand to sort out the problem. 罗伊是专家,因此他们让他可以自主地处理那个问题。

free translation
  1. 意译 approximate interpretation

    Never mind the exact technical specification, just give us a free translation of what the machine can do. 别在意要有精确的技术说明,只要把那机器的作用给我们意译一下就可以了。

set free
  1. 释放 release set sb free

    I think all caged birds should be set free.我认为所有关在笼里的鸟儿都应该放出去。

用作副词 (adv.)
make free with
  1. 随意使用 use sth without respect or as if it is one's own

    She's made free with my cigarettes during my absence. 我不在时她随意抽我的烟。

    He has made free with the reading room after class. 课后他可以任意使用阅览室。

    He made free with all his girlfriend's money. 他随便花女朋友的钱。

    He won't lend anybody his equipment yet he's always ready to make free with my tool kit. 他不愿把他的器具借给任何人,但他却总是擅自使用我的工具箱。

用作动词 (v.)
free from (v.+prep.)
  1. (把…)从…释放出来; 使…摆脱 set (sth/sb) from (sth) free sb/sth from sth

    Someone has freed the rats from their cages.有人把耗子从笼子里放了出来。

    The girl asked her father to free the bird from the cage.那女孩请求她父亲把鸟从笼子里放出去。

    We freed him from his financial obligations.我们使他摆脱了经济上的责任。

    The United Nations are trying to free the world from the threat of war.联合国力图使世界免于战争的威胁。

    He wanted to set up a country to free his people from hunger.他要建立一个国家使他的人民免于饥饿。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    That country is now freed from imperialist slavery.那个国家现已从帝国主义的奴役下解放出来。

    He was freed from the jail.他从监狱里释放了。

    Paul was put into the cell, his wrists were finally freed from handcuffs.保罗被关进单人牢房后,终于把手铐从他手腕上取了下来。

free of (v.+prep.)
  1. 摒除,打消… empty (one) of (sth such as thoughts) free oneself of sth

    She can't free herself of the idea that someone's watching her all the time.她总以为有人一直在盯着她,竟无法摆脱这念头。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Sympathy not only for free Greeks, but for barbarians and slaves.

    出自:B. Russell
  • She wanted to be an artist and a free woman, refusing to be called 'Mrs'.

    出自:Country Life
  • Who..free from Conscience, is a slave to Fame.

    出自:fig.
  • Then he freed one of these four men.

    出自:C. Kingsley
  • A philosophy which could free the mind from the power of abstractions.

    出自:B. Jowett

free的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. free的基本意思是“自由的”,强调没有外部压迫,自己有权决定自己的行动。
  2. free作“免费的,无偿的”“空闲的; 不忙的”解时,无比较级和最高级形式。
  3. free作“摆脱…的; 不受…影响的”“大方的,慷慨的”解时,只用作表语。
  4. free在句中可用作定语、表语或补语。用作定语时,一般后置,偶尔也可前置; 用作表语时,其后可接动词不定式,也可接from、in、of、with等引起的短语。
adv.(副词)
  1. free用作副词时有两个意思:一是指“免费地”; 二是指“自由地,无拘束地”。free引申可作“松,松弛”解。
v.(动词)
  1. free的基本意思是“释放,使自由〔解放〕”,指除去或松开抑制之物而给予自由或使某物不再受限制或阻碍,主要用于表示解放某人,某事物或释放奴隶、犯人,也可指使某人或某事从某种不愉快或受限制的状况、状态中摆脱出来,还可指清除障碍物或去除缠绕。其宾语可以是人、动物或国家等,可用于被动结构。
  2. free偶尔也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. free作“使免除”解时,可用free sb of〔from〕 sth 结构。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
free from, free of
这两个短语都可作“没有…的”或“免于…的”解, free from用得更普遍。在danger, pain, trouble, difficulty, influence等词前惯用free from; 而在charge, rent, duty等词前惯用free of。例如:
Not very many imports are free of all duty.全部免税的进口货不很多。
He offered to supply her with another clock free of charge.他答应免费再提供她一只钟。
另外, free of有时作“摆脱…”,“离开…”解。例如:
They like living in a village, free of crowds and noise.他们喜欢住在乡村里,远离人群和噪音。
下面两个句子意思相同:
  • It is free to you to do so.
  • It is free for you to do so.
  • 你可以这么做。
adv.(副词)
free, freely
1.两者都可作副词,表示“自由地”。free指事物的状态,而freely指动作方式。试比较:
  • Let one end of the rope hang free.
  • 把绳子的一端松开吊着。
  • Everyone can express himself freely at the meeting.
  • 每个人在会上都可畅所欲言。
2.free还可作“免费地”解,而freely则无此意思。例如:
  • You can travel free with this special ticket.
  • 你持这张专用票,可以免费旅行。
  • You can travel freely to all parts of the country.
  • 你可以随便到全国各地去旅行。
v.(动词)
free, emancipate, liberate
这三个词都有“解放,释放”的意思。liberate为正式用语,指从控制、监禁或束缚中获得自由,使一个国家或地区从外国或敌人的占领和统治下解放出来,后面常接from引导的介词短语;emancipate也为正式用语,指不受政治、社会、法律等约束而获得自由;free为常用语,意义最广,泛指摆脱各种限制而获得自由,后面常跟from或of引导的介词短语。
free, release, relieve
这组词都有“解除”的意思。其区别是:
free指使某人或某物从某种限制的情况下解脱出来或释放,后面常跟介词from或of。release指使某人或某物较为具体地摆脱某种限制、束缚或痛苦,例如:
He released her arm.他放开了她的手臂。
The missile was automatically released by the computer.这枚导弹是通过计算机自动发射的。
relieve指解除不愉快的感情或负担等,例如:
It will relieve them of a tremendous burden.这将给他们解除一个巨大的负担。
I wanted to relieve myself of these duties as soon as possible.我想尽快从这些责任中解脱出来。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 去还是留,由你自己决定。

    You are free going or staying.

    You are free to go or to stay.

    表示“自由地去干某事”,习惯上用be free to do sth。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的fero;最初源自原始日耳曼语的frijaz,意为自由的,没有束缚的。

free的相关资料:

正版词典

free : 自 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
free : 空闲的,不 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

free的相关缩略词,共有19

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  • free:英语解释free adj. 自由的, 大方的, 免费的, 免税的, 丰富的, 空闲的vt. 释放, 使自由adv. 自由地, 免费习惯用语for free [口]免费地, 无偿地get free 摆脱…

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