operate

  核心词汇  
['ɒpəreɪt]     ['ɑːpəreɪt]    
  • v.操作;运转;经营;动手术
operated operated operating operates
new

operate是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 运转,运行,运作
  2. 操作;操纵;控制;使用
  3. 经营;营运;营业
  4. 工作,作业,作出
  5. 【军】作战,执行任务
  6. 操作股票
  7. 开动(机器)等
  8. 管理
  9. 产生效果;起作用;生影响,影响
  10. 【医】动手术,开刀
  11. 对...施行手术;对...开刀
  12. 引起;产生
  13. 使运行

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 运转,操作 work; be in action
  2. vt. 经营,管理 manage
  3. vt. & vi. 开刀,(对…)做手术 cut the body in order to set right or remove a diseased part

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
operate : 运转, 操作 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
operate : 运转, 操作 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
operate : 从事交易; ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
operate : 运转, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
operate : 操作, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.;

    "She is running a relief operation in the Sudan"

  2. perform as expected when applied;

    "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"
    "Does this old car still run well?"
    "This old radio doesn't work anymore"

  3. handle and cause to function;

    "do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol"
    "control the lever"

  4. perform a movement in military or naval tactics in order to secure an advantage in attack or defense

  5. happen;

    "What is going on in the minds of the people?"

  6. keep engaged;

    "engaged the gears"

  7. perform surgery on;

    "The doctors operated on the patient but failed to save his life"

operate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It's too difficult for him to operate this new sophisticated machine.
    对他来说,操作这台复杂的机器太难了。
  2. The lift doesn't operate properly.
    这台电梯运转不正常。
  3. They operate three factories and a huge warehouse.
    他们经营三家工厂和一个大仓库。
  4. A large number of factories operate in the red.
    许多工厂都是负债经营。
  5. The doctor began to operate on the boy.
    医生开始给那个男孩动手术。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The lift was not operating properly.
    这电梯运转不正常。
  2. Now regular bus services operate between the two cities.
    现在两座城市间已有公共汽车定期开行了。
  3. This law operates universally.
    这个规律是普遍起作用的。
  4. It may be necessary to operate.
    也许需要开刀。
  5. The doctor decided to operate at once.
    医生决定立刻动手术。
  6. The medicine will operate in ten minutes.
    十分钟后药就会见效。
S+~+to- v
  1. It has been proved that various causes operated to bring about the accident.
    已经证实引起这次事故的原因是多方面的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. His job is to operate this machine.
    他的工作就是开这部机器。
  2. The company operates three factories.
    这家公司经营三家工厂。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
operate against (v.+prep.)
  1. 违背work against sth/sb

    His actions operated against the principles of freedom. 他的行为与自由的原则相违背。

    His behaviour in the committee meeting operated against the chairman. 他在委员会议上的表现与主席对立。

  2. 施行反对…fulfil planned actions against the enemy

    The secret service operated against the enemy during the war. 在战争期间对敌开展地下工作。

operate from (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…开始 do one's work using a place as a base operate from sth

    The general operated from a tent on the battlefield.将军在战地帐篷中进行指挥。

    The company is presently operating from London, but is planning to move to the country.该公司目前以伦敦为基地开展业务活动,但正计划搬迁到乡下去。

operate on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 给…做手术(of a doctor) cut sb or part of the body in an attempt to heal him〔her〕 or it operate on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    This famous doctor has operated on many important people.这位名医为许多重要人物做过手术。

    The surgeons operated upon him for a tumour.外科医生为他施行了肿瘤切除手术。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I'm afraid that your leg will have to be operated on, there's no other way to stop the pain.恐怕你的腿得做手术,没有其他办法止痛。

    operate sb on sth

    My father is a doctor, he operated a patient on the head last night.我父亲是医生。他昨晚上给一个病人做了头部手术。

  2. 产生作用 start to have effect operate on sb/sth

    The tractor operates on diesel oil.拖拉机用柴油开动。

    These reasons operated on the mind of the hearer.这些道理在听者思想上产生了作用。

    The medicine will quickly operate on such patients.这种药很快就会在这种病人身上起作用。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Rivalry usually operates as a stimulant to esteem.

    出自:T. Hardy

operate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. operate的基本意思是“运转”“操作”,多指开动(机器等),引申可表示“经营”“管理”,主要用于美式英语中。operate用作及物动词时,接名词、代词或动词不定式作宾语。
  2. operate也可作“对…施行手术”“产生影响”解。此时常接介词on,再接某人或某人的某个部位。如果表达“为某人施某种手术”,则用介词for来引出“某种手术”,即operate on sb for sth,这种结构可用于被动形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
operate, function, work
这三个词都有“功能”“作用”的意思。其区别在于: operate更强调成功大于结果; work暗示成功、有效; function暗示某物之目的、任务和结果。
operate, manage, run
三者都表示“经营”“管理”。它们的区别是:
1.operate含所有人与代理人共同经营的意思。
2.manage指对经营的工厂、商店等全面的监督,包括处理问题和日常事务,但不一定拥有所有权。例如:
She managed the shop while the owner was away.店主出门去的时候,她照管商店。
She manages the money very well.她理财有方。
3.run指使经营管理的工厂、企业等运转起来,多为自筹资金,拥有所有权。例如:
Mr. Smith runs a grocery shop.史密斯先生经营一家杂货店。
They ran the nurseries extremely well.他们把托儿所办得很好。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 医生决定马上给病人做手术。

    The doctor decided to operate the patient right away.

    The doctor decided to operate on the patient right away.

  2. 外科医生为她施行了肿瘤切除手术。

    The surgeons operated on her a tumour.

    The surgeons operated on her for a tumour.

    operate作“对…施行手术,对…开刀”解时须接介词on,再接某人,即operate on sb 结构。在表达“为某人施某种手术”时,则用介词for来引出“某种手术”,即operate on sb for sth 结构。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1600年左右进英入语,直接源自古典拉丁语的operari,意为工作,劳动。

operate的相关资料:

正版词典

operate : 操作 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
operate : 操作,控制 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • operate:operate v. 操作, 运转, 开动, 起作用, 动手术, 开刀n. [军]作军事行动 英英解释:动词operate:1. direct or control; projects, busine…

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