work

  基本词汇  
[wɜːk]     [wɜːrk]    
  • n.工作;职业;工作内容;职责;活计;工作所需的材料;工作地点;努力;工作成果;行为结果;作品
  • v.工作;做事;使工作;争取;管理;运行;操作;奏效;产生…影响;造成;抽搐;逐渐移动
  • [复]works:工厂;修建;机器部件;全套物品
worked / wrought worked / wrought working works
new

work是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 工作,劳动
  2. 作品,著作
  3. 产品
  4. 职业
  5. 工厂
  6. 行为
  7. 作业,功课
  8. 业务
  9. 针线活
  10. 作用
  11. 工艺品
  12. (工作)成果
  13. 职责
  14. 工作内容
  15. 活计
v.(动词)
  1. 工作,劳动,做体力工作,从事...工作,干活,精工细作
  2. 运转,运行,(使)运作
  3. 造成,引起,产生
  4. 操作,经营
  5. 管理
  6. 起作用,影响,奏效
  7. 开动
  8. 发酵
  9. 受雇于,受雇用
  10. 使(卖力)干活,使工作
  11. 争取,力争,(通过)努力取得,靠做工取得
  12. (使)逐渐变动
  13. 算出,计算
  14. 产生预期的结果,产生...作用,产生效果,产生影响
  15. 活动
  16. 慢慢地前进,使缓慢前进
  17. 行得通
  18. 激起
  19. <口>安排
  20. 说服
  21. 辛劳,劳累
  22. 被揉

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)工作 (cause to) do an activity which uses effort, especially as employment
  2. vt. & vi. (使)运作,运转 (cause to) act in a proper way
  3. vt. & vi. (使)产生效果 (cause to) produce (an effect)
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 工作,劳动,作业 doing or making sth
  2. [U] 职业,职务,工作地点 the place where you have a job
  3. [U] 工作成果,产品 sth that you make or do
  4. [C] 著作,作品 a book, painting or piece of music
  5. [P] 工厂 a place where people make things with machines
  6. [U] 功,做功 force multiplied by distance

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
work : 功 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 功; ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 工作 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 功 ...
在 《外教社化学英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 劳动, 工作 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 劳动, 工作 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 作品 ...
work : 工作 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 书本 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 劳动, 工作 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 工作 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 工作, 劳动 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. activity directed toward making or doing something;

    "she checked several points needing further work"

  2. a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing;

    "it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works"
    "the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work"
    "he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey"
    "the work of an active imagination"
    "erosion is the work of wind or water over time"

  3. the occupation for which you are paid;

    "he is looking for employment"
    "a lot of people are out of work"

  4. applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading);

    "mastering a second language requires a lot of work"
    "no schools offer graduate study in interior design"

  5. (physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force;

    "work equals force times distance"

  6. a place where work is done;

    "he arrived at work early today"

  7. the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it);

    "he studied the entire Wagnerian oeuvre"
    "Picasso's work can be divided into periods"

Verb:
  1. exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity;

    "I will work hard to improve my grades"
    "she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor"

  2. be employed;

    "Is your husband working again?"
    "My wife never worked"
    "Do you want to work after the age of 60?"
    "She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money"
    "She works as a waitress to put herself through college"

  3. have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected;

    "The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought"
    "How does your idea work in practice?"
    "This method doesn't work"
    "The breaks of my new car act quickly"
    "The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water"

  4. perform as expected when applied;

    "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"
    "Does this old car still run well?"
    "This old radio doesn't work anymore"

  5. shape, form, or improve a material;

    "work stone into tools"
    "process iron"
    "work the metal"

  6. give a workout to;

    "Some parents exercise their infants"
    "My personal trainer works me hard"
    "work one's muscles"
    "this puzzle will exercise your mind"

  7. proceed along a path;

    "work one's way through the crowd"
    "make one's way into the forest"

  8. operate in a certain place, area, or specialty;

    "She works the night clubs"
    "The salesman works the Midwest"
    "This artist works mostly in acrylics"

  9. proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity;

    "work your way through every problem or task"
    "She was working on her second martini when the guests arrived"
    "Start from the bottom and work towards the top"

  10. move in an agitated manner;

    "His fingers worked with tension"

  11. cause to happen or to occur as a consequence;

    "I cannot work a miracle"
    "wreak havoc"
    "bring comments"
    "play a joke"
    "The rain brought relief to the drought-stricken area"

  12. cause to work;

    "he is working his servants hard"

  13. prepare for crops;

    "Work the soil"
    "cultivate the land"

  14. behave in a certain way when handled;

    "This dough does not work easily"
    "The soft metal works well"

  15. have and exert influence or effect;

    "The artist's work influenced the young painter"
    "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"

  16. operate in or through;

    "Work the phones"

  17. cause to operate or function;

    "This pilot works the controls"
    "Can you work an electric drill?"

  18. provoke or excite;

    "The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy"

  19. gratify and charm, usually in order to influence;

    "the political candidate worked the crowds"

  20. make something, usually for a specific function;

    "She molded the rice balls carefully"
    "Form cylinders from the dough"
    "shape a figure"
    "Work the metal into a sword"

  21. move into or onto;

    "work the raisins into the dough"
    "the student worked a few jokes into his presentation"
    "work the body onto the flatbed truck"

  22. make uniform;

    "knead dough"
    "work the clay until it is soft"

  23. use or manipulate to one's advantage;

    "He exploit the new taxation system"
    "She knows how to work the system"
    "he works his parents for sympathy"

  24. find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of;

    "did you solve the problem?"
    "Work out your problems with the boss"
    "this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out"
    "did you get it?"
    "Did you get my meaning?"
    "He could not work the math problem"

  25. cause to undergo fermentation;

    "We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content"
    "The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"

  26. go sour or spoil;

    "The milk has soured"
    "The wine worked"
    "The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"

  27. arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion;

    "The stitches of the hem worked loose after she wore the skirt many times"

work的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She had been out of work for a year.
    她已失业一年了。
  2. It's difficult to find work in present economic climate.
    在目前这种经济气候下很难找到工作。
  3. My line of work pays pretty well.
    我的职业报酬颇丰厚。
  4. Tell me something about your daily work.
    告诉我你每天的工作内容。
  5. Police work involves so much paperwork these days.
    现在警察也要做大量的文书工作。
  6. There is plenty of work to be done in the garden.
    园子里有许多事要做。
  7. She often brings work (eg files, documents) home with her from the office.
    她常把办公室的工作带回家去做(如文件等)。
  8. Living near work is very convenient.
    在工作地点附近居住非常方便。
  9. It takes hard work to achieve success.
    成功需要努力工作。
  10. It was a terrible piece of work you turned in the other day.
    那天你交的作业太糟糕了。
  11. The damage is clearly the work of vandals.
    这毁损显然是些恣意破坏公物的人所为。
  12. Roth says official misconduct cannot be dismissed as the work of a few bad apples.
    罗思说,官方的胡作非为决不能被忽略为仅仅是几个坏家伙的行为。
  13. He has read many of Hemingway's works.
    他读过许多海明威的作品。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. She works for an engineering company.
    她在一家工程技术公司工作
  2. He has worked in the factory since last year.
    从去年开始,他就在工厂里工作。
  3. He is working on a new novel.
    他正在写一本新的小说。
  4. She worked herself to a frazzle.
    她工作得疲惫不堪。
  5. We must work for equal rights for everyone.
    我们必须为每个人争取同等的权利。
  6. He works a large area(= selling a company's goods, etc.).
    他负责一个大地区的工作。
  7. Your car radio works very well.
    你的汽车收音机性能很好。
  8. Do you know how to work the coffee machine?
    你会使用咖啡机吗?
  9. The medicine worked.
    药物奏效了。
  10. Your age can work against you in this job.
    你的年纪会妨碍你干这个工作。
  11. The solidity of the evidence worked in his favor.
    那项证据的确凿性对他有利。
  12. Her exercise programme has worked miracles for her.
    她的健身计划对她很有效。
  13. Her face worked as she stared at him in terror.
    她惊恐地注视着他,脸也吓得抽动起来。
  14. It will take a while for the drug to work out of your system.
    这药得需要一段时间才能排出你的体外。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The children have all been working very well.
    孩子们都干得不错。
  2. That morning we worked from seven to eleven in the fields hoeing corn.
    那天早上,我们在玉米地锄草,从7点干到11点。
  3. Does this clock work?
    这钟走吗?
  4. All the telephones don't work properly today.
    今天所有电话机都出故障了。
  5. I think your suggestion will work.
    我看你的建议行得通。
  6. If the scheme works, most of the peasants in this area will be rich.
    如果计划成功,这地区的大部分农民将富起来。
  7. She worked in the restaurant waiting on table.
    她在这家饭店工作,当女招待。
  8. He was working hard surrounded by the crowd.
    他在使劲干,一群人在旁边看。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. The board had been working loose for several months, and in the end it slid to one side, showing a hole underneath.
    这块木板已经松动了有好几个月了,最后斜到一边,下边露出了一个洞。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He works his servants long hours.
    他使他的仆人们做长时间的工作。
  2. Our mathematics teacher works us very hard.
    我们的数学老师对我们的学习抓得很紧。
  3. He didn't know how to work that toy.
    他不知道怎样玩那个玩具。
  4. For many years he worked a large farm.
    他经营一大型农场多年。
  5. You have certainly worked wonders.
    你肯定已创造了奇迹。
  6. Owing to the precautionary measures we had taken, the typhoon did not work much damage.
    由于我们所采取了预防措施,台风并未造成很大的损失。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. The sluices are worked from the control board.
    闸门是由控制台操纵的。
  9. The silver mines are no longer worked.
    那银矿已不再开采了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj./v -ed
  1. If you can work the nail loose,I could pull it out.
    你要是能把钉子松动,我便可以把它拔出来。
  2. The farmer worked his horse exhausted.
    农夫把他的马累垮了。
  3. Don't work yourself too tired.
    不要使自己工作得太累。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I have a lot of work to do.
    我有许多工作要做。
  2. This Association does social work.
    这个协会从事社会工作。
  3. Hard work is very beneficial.
    艰苦的劳动非常有益。
  4. He never fights shy of hard work.
    他从不躲避艰苦的工作。
  5. We have more work than we can deal with and must farm some out.
    我们的工作多得做不完,我们必须外包一些给别人做。
  6. If you put heart and soul into the work, you wouldn't be feeling fed up with the job anyway.
    如果你把心思都集中在工作上,你无论如何也不会对这项工作感到厌倦。
  7. The man is looking for work.
    那个人正在找工作。
  8. The manager fired Bob because he was always late for work.
    鲍勃因上班总迟到而被经理解雇。
  9. The medicine has begun to do its work.
    药物已开始起作用了。
  10. If you push hard against something and move it, you have done work.
    如果你用力推一件东西,并且移动它,那你就做了功。
  11. The work of this class has been falling behind recently.
    近来这个班的成绩一直处于较低水平。
  12. What a beautiful piece of work!
    多美的一件工艺品啊!
  13. The villagers sell their work to tourists.
    村民们将劳动成果卖给旅游者。
  14. She appreciates a work of art.
    她欣赏一件艺术品。
  15. He has read The Complete Works of Lu Hsun .
    他读过《鲁迅全集》。
  16. She is reading a new work on acupuncture.
    她正在看一本关于针刺疗法的新书。
  17. We visited No.3 Chemical Works this morning.
    今天早晨我们参观了化工三厂。
  18. There's something wrong with the works.
    机件有毛病了。
  19. He works in the Ministry of Works.
    他在建筑工程部工作。
  20. She's devoted her life to good works.
    她献身于慈善事业。
  21. She is known for her good works.
    她因常做善事而出名。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
work among (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…之中工作 have a job in a group work among sb

    For the first year of his training, he had to work among the poor in his hometown.在他接受训练的第一年,他必须在家乡的贫民当中做福利救济工作。

work around〔round〕 to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 对付,处理 come gradually and indirectly to face or tackleDon't worry about the matter.I'll work around to it next week.这件事你不用担心,下星期我慢慢地来解决它。

    By the time he works around to putting forward the suggestion, it will be too late. 等他拐弯抹角地提出建议,那就太晚了。

    Don't hurry me,I shall work around to finishing the letters all in good time. 不要催促我,我会按时把信都写好的。

  2. 逐步移到 move by degrees toThe wind has worked around to the east.风向已逐渐转东。
  3. 改变观点 change one's standpointI think the chairman is working around to our point of view after all.我认为主席最后会同意我们的观点。
work as (v.+prep.)
  1. 任…工作,当… perform the duties of work as sb/sth

    It must be a hard life, working as a nurse in the Far North.在遥远的北部当一名护士,生活必定是艰苦的。

    Before making a success of his writing, he worked as a taxi driver, a newspaper seller, a miner, and a railway man.他在写作取得成就之前,曾当过出租汽车司机、卖报人、矿工和铁路工人。

work at (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…工作 work at one placeHow long have you been working at the bank?你在银行里工作多久了?
  2. 从事于,致力于 be engaged or employed inYou will have to work at the weak points in your English if you want to pass the examination.假如你想通过考试,就必须把精力放在你英语学习的薄弱环节上。

    Is Tom still working at the new book that he promised? 汤姆仍在埋头撰写他曾允诺的那本新书吗?

work away (v.+adv.)
  1. 继续工作 work continuously work away

    The professor was found working away till the small hours of the morning.人们发现那位教授孜孜不倦地一直工作到深夜。

    I found him working away in his office.我发现他一直在办公室里不停地工作。

    work away v-ing

    Even on Sundays the workshops would have many of the young workers coming in and working away mastering their machines.即使在星期天,车间里也总是有不少青年工人来继续工作,学习操作机器。

work by (v.+prep.)
  1. 以…为动力运转 go by; run by; use sth as its power for working work by sth

    The child thought the toy car worked by magic, but in fact it worked by electricity.这孩子认为玩具汽车是靠魔力行驶的,可事实上是靠电力。

work down (v.+adv.)
  1. 逐步地减少; 逐渐降低 reduce gradually work down

    The metal has become working down over the years.在这几年中,这种金属越来越稀少了。

    If you can get onto the branch below you, you could work down from there.假如你能踩到下面的那根树枝,就可以从那儿慢慢下去了。

work for (v.+prep.)
  1. 受雇于 be employed byHow long have you been working for this firm?你为该公司效力多久了?
  2. 为…而工作 do a job so as to gain sthThe politician declares his willingness to work for the good of the people.那位政治家宣称他愿为公众的利益而尽力。
work in (v.+adv.)
  1. 插进 insertHe worked in the key and opened the door of the office.他插进钥匙把办公室的门打开了。

    The wire was slowly worked in. 铁丝慢慢地穿了进去。

  2. 引进 include (sth), as in writing or speaking, by a clever arrangement of wordsWhile telling the story he worked in a few jokes to make his listeners laugh.在讲那个故事的时候,他穿插了几个笑话引听众们发笑。
  3. 掺和 mixThe worker worked in a little copper with the alloy.工人在合金里搀了一点铜。
work in with (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 与…合拍; 与…协调 cooperate with work in with sb/sth

    But will he be able to work in with our existing team?可他能够跟我们现有的球队协作吗?

    I'll try to make my timetable work in with yours.我将尽量使我的时间表同你的时间表相一致。

work into (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)进入,穿入,嵌入 (cause to) get into; insert work into sth

    The mark will have worked right into the wood, we shall never get it out.这个标记将完全嵌入木头,我们再也取不出它了。

    work sb/oneself/sth into sth

    Have you ever seen him work himself into a temper?你曾见过他发脾气吗?

    The speaker worked the crowd into a fever of excitement.那位演讲者使听众达到了狂热的程度。

    I shall need someone to help me work this board into place, it's a tight fit.我得找人帮我把这块木板嵌进去,太紧了。

work it
  1. 〈非正〉干成,办到 succeed in sth/doing sth

    Leave it to me,I'll see if I can work it. 把那件事交给我吧,我看看能不能办成。

    I think I can work it so that you won't have to leave. 我认为我能够办这件事,你就不必非离开不可了。

work off (v.+adv.)
  1. 分离,分开 (cause to) become detached or separated work off

    The nut has worked off.螺帽已经脱落了。

    work sth ⇔ off

    I can't work off the lid of this bottle, can you help me?我不能把这个盖子拧下来,你能帮帮我吗?

  2. 渐渐消除; 逐渐减弱 gradually diminish to the point of disappearing altogether work off

    Paying close attention to her diet, she felt the pain in her stomach gradually work off.她很注意饮食,因而感到自己的胃疼毛病慢慢好了。

  3. 发泄 give vent to (anger, etc.) in order to relieve oneself of it work sth ⇔ off

    If anything upset him he worked his annoyance off on the rest of the family.如果什么事惹烦了他,他就找家里人出气。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    On that occasion there was no one on whom his temper could be worked off.在那种场合,没有一个人是他的出气筒。

  4. 抵消,以干活抵偿 pay (a debt, etc.) by work rather than with money to discharge work sth ⇔ off

    Fifty pounds of the loan is still outstanding, but I shall have worked that off by the end of the year.50英镑的债务还没有解决,但到年底我将做工偿清。

  5. 除去; 处理掉 get rid of or dispose of work sth ⇔ off

    He tried to work off his surplus fat by doing exercises everyday.他每天运动,想以此去掉一些多余的脂肪。

    You should find time to work off your arrears of correspondence.你应该找时间把拖欠下来的信件回复掉。

    Beer works off impurities in fermenting.啤酒在发酵过程中排除掉杂质。

  6. 售出; 卖掉 be sold work sth ⇔ off 用于 be ~ed 结构

    About 100,000 copies of the book have been worked off.这书已经售出近十万册。

  7. 结束,完成 finish up work sth ⇔ off 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The contract is worked off.合同已经履行完毕。

  8. 使假冒,使人对…得到错误印象 pass off work sth ⇔ off

    He tried to work off the poem as his own.他想冒称这首诗是他写的。

    They can't work off that tale on us.他们那套鬼话骗不了我们。

work on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 继续工作 continue working work on

    They'll work on till sunset.他们将继续工作,直到日落。

  2. 轻轻地安装好 fix on by gentle steady action work sth ⇔ on

    He managed to work the screw on.他设法把螺丝装好了。

work on2〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 影响; 激起 affect; exciteThe medicine the doctor prescribed worked upon his illness.医生开的那种药对他的病有疗效。
  2. 致力于 be engaged inHe has been working on a new novel for over a year now.近一年多来,他一直在写一部新小说。

    If you work on your pronunciation, it's sure to improve. 如果你在发音上花点功夫,你的发音肯定会有改进。

  3. 努力影响,努力说服 strive to influence or persuadeWe will work on those who have erred and help them do right.我们将对犯了错误的人做工作,并帮助他们改正。

    She'll work on him to make him change his mind. 她将努力说服他改变主意。

    The candidate tried hard to work upon the voters to support him. 那位候选人千方百计寻求选民的支持。

work oneself into
  1. 使自己惯于某项工作 get used to a job

    Don't worry, you'll do quite well once you've worked yourself into your work. 别急,一旦你习惯了这项工作,就会干得很出色。

work out (v.+adv.)
  1. 解决,解答; 计算出 be capable of being solved; give a result by calculation work out

    This problem will not work out.这个问题解决不了。

    work sth ⇔ out

    I haven't worked out these algebra problems.我还没有解出这些代数题。

    Can you work this puzzle out?你能解这个谜吗?

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The area can easily be worked out if you know the length and the breadth.如果你知道长度与宽度,面积很容易计算出来。

    work out wh-clause

    Can you work out on the map where we are now?你能在地图上找到我们现在所在的位置吗?

    work out wh-to-v

    I can't work out how to do it.我不能解答怎么做它。

    work out at sth

    The total works out at fifty-five yuan.总数算下来是55元。

  2. 产生结果; 发展 turn out in the end; develop work out

    I am glad that things are working out so well for them.形势发展得对他们如此有利,我感到高兴。

    He hopes this plan will work out.他希望这项计划将是切实可行的。

    At that time, complete emancipation of women had not worked out in actual practice.那时候,妇女的彻底解放在实践上还做不到。

  3. 锻炼 do exercise work out

    These athletes work out at the gym for two hours every day.这些运动员每天都要在体育馆锻炼两个小时。

  4. 作出; 制订出 devise; plan out; arrange work sth ⇔ out

    It wasn't too long before we had worked out a plan acceptable to all.没多久我们就制订出一个大家都能接受的计划。

    We have worked out a scheme which should save the company several thousand pounds a year.我们设计出一个一年可为公司节省几千英镑的计划。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The plan has already been worked out, and could be put into operation at a moment's notice.计划已经设计出来并可以立即付诸实施。

  5. 使筋疲力尽; 耗尽 exhaust work sb/sth ⇔ out 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He never seems to be worked out.他好像永远不会疲乏似的。

  6. 了解 understand the nature of sb work sb ⇔ out

    I can't work him out, he's very strange.他这个人很怪,我摸不透他。

    You are funny,I shall never work you out.你这人真滑稽,我实在弄不懂你。

  7. 在外当雇工 work outside the home as hired to help work out

    Jimmy worked out when he was only ten.吉米在十岁时就离家去当雇工了。

  8. 脱出 make its way out work out of sth

    The splinter eventually worked out of her arm.刺入她手臂的刺终于取了出来。

    The screw has worked out of the joint.螺丝从接合处脱出来了。

work over (v.+adv.)
  1. 检查; 充分研究 study or examine thoroughlyHe spent several evenings working over all the reference books available.他花了几个晚上的时间研究了所有能得到的参考书。
  2. 重做 reworkThey worked over the old furniture.他们翻修了旧家具。
  3. 殴打 beat unsparinglyThe Nazis worked them over with gun butts.纳粹分子用枪托毒打他们。
  4. 使遭受彻底〔系统〕的轰炸 subject to thorough or systematic artillery fire, bombing or strafingOur bombers worked over the enemy advance positions.我们的轰炸机彻底轰炸了敌人的前沿阵地。
  5. 彻底改变 alter radically or systematicallyThe frontier has worked him over inside.边疆生活已使他的思想起了很大变化。
work through (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)逐渐通过,穿过 (cause to) pass through gradually work through sth

    The rain is working through the roof.屋顶在漏雨。

    work sth through sth

    It was difficult to work the needle through the stiff cloth.把针穿过这种硬布料是不容易的。

  2. 完成; 解决 overcome; solve work through sth

    I'm still working through this pile of papers.我仍在处理这堆文件。

    We must work through the difficulties until we find an answer.我们必须克服这些困难直到找到答案。

  3. 闯过; 通过; 冲过 advance through sth work one's way through sth

    It takes years to work your way through the examination system until you gain a degree.在获得学位之前,你需要花几年功夫通过各项考试。

    She paid for her own education by working her way through college.她是靠自己工作挣钱念完大学的。

work to (v.+prep.)
  1. 根据…行事 be guided by when doing sth work to sth

    See that you are careful with money and work to a budget.注意不要乱花钱,用钱要有个预算。

    Some writers are at their best when working to a plan.一些作家按计划写作时能发挥其最高水平。

  2. 伴随着…工作 work while usually hearing sth work to sth

    Do you like working to music?你喜欢一边工作一边听音乐吗?

  3. 强迫…劳累过度 force sb or an animal to work too hard and become very tired work sb/sth to death

    The company expects hard work, but refuses to work its employees to death.那个公司期望雇员努力工作,但不愿使他们劳累过度。

work together (v.+adv.)
  1. 和…在同一处工作 work with sb at the same place work together

    Some people think that husband and wife should never work together.有人认为夫妻二人绝不应该在同一处工作。

work towards (v.+prep.)
  1. 达到或获得 strive to reach or achieve work towards sth/v-ing

    Representatives of many nations at the peace talks are working towards agreement.参加和平会谈的许多国家的代表正在为达成协议而工作。

    They are working towards having all countries sign a peace agreement.他们正为使所有国家签署一项和平协议而工作。

work under (v.+prep.)
  1. 在(某物)之下进行工作 have one's job beneath sthThe worst of being a miner is working under the ground, and neither seeing the sun nor feeling fresh air.当一名矿工最不利之点就是在地下干活,既看不见阳光又呼吸不到新鲜空气。
  2. 在(某人的)领导下工作 have sb as one's director in one's jobMany men still don't like working under a woman, and would rather have a male director.许多男人仍不愿在女人手下工作,而愿意让男性当自己的上司。
work up (v.+adv.)
  1. 发展 developIt took the company quite some years to work up a market for its products.该公司苦心经营了多年才为自己的产品开辟了市场。

    The practice is not a very lucrative one at the moment, but if it is worked up it should prove quite profitable. 这项业务眼下还不大能赚钱,但如果努力经营,会证明是大可获利的。

  2. 引起,激起 cause; stir upShe works herself up about the most trivial things.她为了最琐碎的事也会使自己激动起来。

    Her brother is a good basketball player, but she can't work up any enthusiasm for the game. 她的兄弟是一位优秀的篮球运动员,而她却对打篮球怎么也引不起兴趣。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Once the public's interest is worked up we can go ahead with our propaganda campaign. 一旦引起了公众的兴趣,我们就可把宣传活动进行下去。

  3. 博得 gainThe presidential candidate was trying to work up more support before the election.这位总统候选人正试图赶在选举前赢得更多的支持。
  4. 综合加工; 精心作出 prepare; elaborate; developThe craftsman is working up the mass of clay into a toy figure.艺人把一团泥捏成玩具形状。

    He is working up a sketch into a picture. 他正在把一幅速写加工成一幅画。

    She spent the summer working up a new series of lectures. 她花了整个夏天准备了一组新的讲稿。

    They have worked up some plans. 他们已制订出一些计划。

  5. 用光,耗尽 expend, use up (materials, etc.) in workThey will work up all these stones in building the bridge.他们将把这些石料全部用来造桥。
  6. 增加,加强 increase in numbers or strength; improve in efficiencyShe worked up her typing speed to seventy words a minute.她把打字速度提高到每分钟70个字。
work up to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 逐步发展到,渐渐达到 progress gradually toThe story works up to a climax as it draws to a close.故事快到结束时逐渐达到了高潮。
  2. 逐步升职至 advance gradually toHe works up to the position of vice-governor.他逐步升到副总督之职。
work with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…在一起干 have the company and help of sb in one's job work with sb

    I find it so refreshing to work with young people in this department.我发现和这一部门的青年一起工作令人精神振奋。

  2. 从事…工作 go in for; be engaged in work with sth

    He has always liked working with machinery.他总是喜欢搞机械。

    I would rather work with the bigger brush, it's faster.我宁愿用大点的刷子干活,这样干得快些。

    work sth with sth

    He likes working the clay with his hands.他喜欢用手捏黏土。

用作名词 (n.)
at work
  1. 工作中 do sth, especially work

    He had an accident at work. 他在工作中出了一次事故。

    He is hard at work. 他正在努力工作。

    Is your husband not at work today? 你丈夫今天没上班吗?

at work on
  1. 从事 going in for

    She has published two novels, and is at work on a third. 她已经出版了两本小说,正在写第三本。

change one's work
  1. 换工作 exchange the work

    There's no need to think you are sentenced to spending the rest of your life in a job you hate; why don't you change your work? 没必要认为你下半辈子就得一直干这种你不愿干的工作,你为什么不换一换工作呢?

get on with the work
  1. 好好干活 do work hard

    Get on with the work, this is no time to sit back. 好好干活,现在可不是坐着休息的时候。

go to work
  1. 开始行动 start doing sth

    Some people farm their children out while they go to work. 有些人在工作期间把自己的孩子寄托给他人。

in work
  1. 就业 having a job

    There are ten thousand more people in work this month than last. 这个月比上一个月多一万人就业。

    He told his wife that he would be in regular work soon. 他对妻子说他很快就会有固定的工作了。

saddle work on〔upon〕
  1. 〈非正〉强迫(某人)接受 force acceptance of work or sb unwanted on〔upon〕 sb

    Don't try to saddle your dirty work on me! 别想强迫我干你那脏活!

set about one's work
  1. 开始做某事 begin to do sth

    How should we set about our work? 我们该怎样做这工作?

    He set about his work as soon as he had finished his meal. 他一吃完饭就开始工作了。

shoot the works
  1. 不遗余力,孤注一掷 risk everything on one attempt

    Though the brakes of his bike had somewhat gone wrong, he still shot the works in a desperate effort to win the race. 虽然他的自行车刹车有点毛病,但他仍然为赢得比赛而孤注一掷。

speed up one's work
  1. (使)加速干活 (cause to) increase the speed of work

    If you speed up your work, we can finish before it is dark. 要是你加紧,我们可以在天黑前结束工作。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Another Work of Charity upon my hands..to reform an extravagant Husband.

    出自:R. Boyle
  • The works performed by Jesus..were beyond the unassisted powers of man.

    出自:R. Whately
  • The special work..and the rich ability with which he wrought it.

    出自:English Historical Review

work的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. work的基本意思是“有目的地从事体力或脑力方面的工作”,可指人工作、做事,也可指人学习、攻读、研究某事情或学科,还可指机器等运转、发动,计划等进展顺利,药发挥作用,暗示成功或有效等。
  2. work可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,有时可接以形容词或过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. work偶尔可用作系动词,接形容词作表语。
n.(名词)
  1. work的基本意思是“工作,劳动,作业”,用于泛指时不可数,指具体的一项工作时用不定冠词a修饰。引申可作“职业,职务”“活计”“成果,产品,工艺品”“贸易”“特殊研究”“行为,作用,功”等解,是不可数名词,用作主语时,谓语动词须用单数形式。
  2. work作“著作,作品”解时,多用复数形式works。
  3. work作“工厂”“机件,内部的机件”“工程,工事”“(善良的)行为,善事”解时,常用复数形式,用作主语时,谓语动词可用单数形式,也可用作复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
work, function, operate
这三个词都有“功能”“作用”的意思。其区别在于: operate更强调成功大于结果; work暗示成功、有效; function暗示某物之目的、任务和结果。
n.(名词)
work, career, job
这组词都有“职业”“事业”的意思。
1.career指的是终身事业; 而job和work却指的是人们为谋生而做的工作。
2.job主要指有报酬的工作; 而work可指任何需要做出努力来完成的事。
work, chore, job, task
这四个词都有“工作”的意思。其区别是:
task是可数名词,一般指分配的工作,也可指自愿承担的工作,尤指较困难、紧张的工作; work是不可数名词,指工作、劳动、职业、操作、运转等,这个词是一般用语,可用于各种场合; job是可数名词,指一件必须做的工作,或有报酬的工作,也可指职业,多用于口语中; chore指日常琐事,尤指家庭或农场干的杂务,家务事常用复数形式。例如:
He goes to work at eight.他八点钟去上班。
It takes a lot of work to build a house.盖一幢房子要费很大的工夫。
They are paid by job.他们是按件计酬。
I got a job with a firm.我在一家公司找到了工作。
Each morning she would get up, do the chores, then go next door for a talk with her neighbour.每天早晨她都起来做些家务事,然后去隔壁和邻居聊天。
works, factory, mill, plant
这组词的共同意思是“工厂”。其区别是:
factory可指各类工厂,也可指任何制造物品的地方; mill原指把原料加工成粉或浆的磨坊,现在多指轻工业或手工工厂。例如:
There is a wood mill behind our school.我们学校后面有一家锯木厂。
plant多指化工、电力、机械等行业的工厂。例如:
This is a power plant.这是一家发电厂。
works多指钢铁机械等重工业工厂。例如:
The iron works is outside the town.这家铁厂在城外。
work, job, place, position
这组词的共同意思是“工作”。其区别是:
1.place主要指“公职”; position主要指白领阶层有身份的工作。例如:
It's not your place to tell me what to do.你无权吩咐我做什么。
He applied for the position of assistant manager.他申请经理助理一职。
2.work和job都指一般的工作。job可数,而work不可数; job是有薪酬的,而work有无报酬均可; job常指临时性的工作,而work则相对固定些; job不一定需要技术或经过训练,而work则包括体力、脑力、技术性、非技术性等所有工作,尤指需作出努力来完成的工作; job与“失业”相对, work与“休息”相对。例如:
I have a lot of work to do this evening.今晚我有很多的工作要做。
What time do you go to work every day?你每天几点上班?
work, labour, toil
这组词的共同意思是“劳动”“工作”。其区别在于:
1.labour通常指需要花很大力气并使人疲乏的体力劳动,也可指脑力劳动,但仅限于具体特殊困难的事情。
2.work含义很广,指任何有目的性的劳动,不论劳动的难易、轻重、时间的长短,是体力劳动还是脑力劳动,也可用来指机器等的操作。例如:
He brought work home from the office.他把要做的工作从办公室带回了家。
They had pretty hard work getting the roof of the storehouse repaired before the rain came.他们费了很大劲在下雨前将仓房顶修好。
I have a lot of work to do.我有许多工作要做。
This Association does social work.这个协会从事社会工作。
3.toil一般表示繁重的长时间劳动,带有令人感到非常疲乏的意味。例如:
After much toil the furniture was all in the moving van.经过一番劳累,家具都被搬进了搬运车。
They spent months of toil on the water conservancy project.他们为这个水利工程辛辛苦苦地干了几个月。
The wealth of industrial society could only come from the toil of the masses.工业社会的财富来自群众的辛勤劳动。
下面三句话意思相同:
  • He never does a lick of work.
  • He never does a stroke of work.
  • He never does a stitch of work.
  • 他从不干活。
profession job occupation trade vocation career work employment
这些名词均含“职业”之意。
  • profession:profession以前常指要受过高等教育(尤指法律、医学和神学)才能获得的职业,现在一般指为谋生之职,尤指从事脑力劳动和受过专门训练,具有某种专业知识的工作。
  • job:job 泛指一切有报酬的工作。
  • occupation:occupation泛指任何一种职业,比job正式,经常用于书面填表中。
  • trade:trade指技巧、技能型职业。
  • vocation:vocation较正式用词,语气庄重,有专业及天职之意,以前常用于教会中的职位。
  • career:career指经过专门训练,终身愿意从事的职业。
  • work:work指任何种类的工作,也泛指职业。
  • employment:employment指受雇的工作,通常能比较稳定领取工资。
work task job
这些名词均有“工作”之意。
  • work:work最普通用词,含义广,指人们日常生活和工作中所从事的有目的的体力或脑力劳动。
  • task:task通常指分派给的任务,也指自愿的工作,但往往是艰巨或令人厌烦的工作。
  • job:job多用于口语,侧重指受雇用的,以谋生为目的工作,不论有无技术,也不管是零工或散工。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他们钻研这门学科已经多年了。

    They have worked hard with this subject for many years.

    They have worked hard at this subject for many years.

    表示“研究”“钻研”或“进行某项活动”时,可用work at,这里的at不可以用with替代。

  2. 他这个月上夜班,所以他白天需要休息。

    He is working night this month, so he needs to rest during the day.

    He is working nights this month, so he needs to rest during the day.

    说“上夜班”,不管上几个夜班,都是work nights,不是work night。

  3. 船终于到达了港口。

    The ship worked the way into the harbor.

    The ship worked its way into the harbor.

    表达“费劲地(到达某处)”时,可说work one's way。

  4. 汤姆想逐步晋升成为一名销售经理。

    Tom wants to work up to be a sales manager.

    Tom wants to work up to being a sales manager.

    表达“逐步晋升至(某一职位)”时,可以用work up to,这里的to是介词,不是动词不定式符号。

  5. 我们每个人都必须制订一个目标,然后朝这个方向努力。

    We must each set a goal for ourselves and work for achieving it.

    We must each set a goal for ourselves and work towards achieving it.

    work for表示“为…工作”,而work toward(s)表示“朝…方向或目标”努力。

  6. 我用那把钥匙开门,却打不开。

    I used the key to open the door, but it didn't succeed.

    I used the key to open the door, but it didn't work.

    work用作不及物动词可表示“(办法、计划、方法等)行得通”。而succeed是指实施计划的人成功与否,而不能是事情本身。

  7. 我们在进行新的设计时遇到了很多困难。

    We met with many difficulties when we worked out the new design.

    We met with many difficulties when we worked on the new design.

  8. 他一会儿就解出了这道数学题。

    He worked on the maths problem in a short time.

    He worked out the maths problem in a short time.

    work on意为“从事某工作”,是一个表示延续意义的短语; 而work out意为“研究出”“制订好”,是一个表示瞬时意义的短语。

n.(名词)
  1. 我在这个镇上找不到工作。

    I cannot find a work in this town.

    I cannot find work in this town.

  2. 我有许多工作要做。

    I have a lot of works to do.

    I have a lot of work to do.

    work泛指“工作”时是不可数名词,不用定冠词修饰,也不可用于复数形式。

  3. 这是一件奇特的艺术品,任何人都想看上一眼。

    It is such unusual work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it.

    It is such an unusual work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it.

    work of art(艺术品)中的work作“作品”解,是可数名词,故冠词an不可省。

  4. 我起床了并准备去上班。

    I got up and got ready to go to my work.

    I got up and got ready to go to work.

    go to work作“上班”解,其中不插入my〔your,his〕等。同样, leave work作“下班”解,其中也不插入my〔your,his〕等。

  5. 上百万人失业。

    Millions of men are out of the work.

    Millions of men are out of work.

    表达“失业”用out of work, work前不可加定冠词the。同样,表达“有工作”说in work,中间也不加the。

  6. 他在上海铁厂工作已有十年了。

    He has served in the Shanghai Iron Work for ten years.

    He has served in the Shanghai Iron Works for ten years.

    work作“工厂”解时,习惯用复数形式。

  7. 由于工作紧张,我不得不谢绝你的友好邀请。

    Owing to the pressure of the work,I have to decline your kind invitation.

    Owing to pressure of work,I have to decline your kind invitation.

    owing to pressure of work是习惯用语, work前无定冠词the。

  8. 如果你努力工作,一定会成功的。

    You will achieve success by hard working.

    You will achieve success by hard work.

    You will achieve success by working hard.

    说“努力工作”,如果用名词work,应该说hard work,这里的hard是形容词; 如果用动名词working,要说working hard,这里的hard是副词。

  9. 正在工作的人多数是年轻人。

    The people in work are mostly young men.

    The people at work are mostly young men.

    表示“(人)在工作”用at work,不用 in work。

  10. 这个纺织厂有多少工人?

    How many workers are there in this textile works?

    How many workers are there in this textile mill?

  11. 他们将去北京钢铁厂参观。

    They are going to visit the Beijing Iron and Steel Mill.

    They are going to visit the Beijing Iron and Steel Works.

    works多指钢铁等重工业方面的工厂; mill多指纺织等轻工业方面的工厂。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的weorc,意为做的过事。

work的相关资料:

正版词典

work : 功 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
work : 工作;干活 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

n.(名词)
  • working adj. (涉及)工作的; (人)有工作的,劳动的; 劳力的; (时间)用于工作上的; (想法等)可作为基础的; 有效用的,起作用的

缩略词

work的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • work:work n. 工作, 劳动, 操作, 职业, [物]功, 手工, 作品, 机件v. (使)工作, (使)运转, 起作用, 造成, 产生, 经营, (使)渐渐移动, 煅制 英英解释:名词work:1.…

临近单词

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