become

  基本词汇  
[bɪ'kʌm]     [bɪ'kʌm]    
  • v.变成;成为;变得;适合(某人);使(人)显得漂亮
became become becoming becomes
new

become是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 转为,变成,成为,变得
  2. 适合,适宜,适于,合适
  3. (与...)相称,与...相当,同...相称
  4. 发生,产生
  5. 沦为
  6. 出任,升任,当上
  7. 趋近,趋于,日趋
  8. 渐渐
  9. 开始变得
  10. 使(人)显得漂亮,使好看,使更美
  11. 逐渐成为,逐渐变成或发展成为

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. link-v. 变为,成为 come or grow to be
  2. vt. 适合 be well suited to

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
become : 变成, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. enter or assume a certain state or condition;

    "He became annoyed when he heard the bad news"
    "It must be getting more serious"
    "her face went red with anger"
    "She went into ecstasy"
    "Get going!"

  2. undergo a change or development;

    "The water turned into ice"
    "Her former friend became her worst enemy"
    "He turned traitor"

  3. come into existence;

    "What becomes has duration"

  4. enhance the appearance of;

    "Mourning becomes Electra"
    "This behavior doesn't suit you!"

become的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Vast areas of land have become desert.
    广大的地区均已变成沙漠。
  2. You may also find that reading has become more fun than work!
    你或许也会发现阅读已经变成是有趣的事,而不是工作。
  3. The entrepreneur has become a news figure.
    这位企业家变成了新闻人物。
  4. Every one cannot become businessman.
    不是所有的人都能成为商人。
  5. This place has become a famous summer resort.
    这个地方已成为一个避暑胜地。
  6. This priest wants to become a bishop.
    这位牧师想成为主教。
  7. The meeting began to become clamorous.
    会议开始变得喧哗了。
  8. I was pleased to see how peaceable the horse had become.
    我很高兴地看到这匹马变得这么温顺。
  9. The weather became warmer.
    天气变暖和了。
  10. Class distinctions have become less important during the last 50 years.
    在过去五十年间,社会等级差别已经变得不那么重要了。
  11. Such behavior did not become her.
    这种举止与她的身份不相称。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作系动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Mr. Jones became headmaster last year.
    琼斯先生去年当了校长。
  2. Naturally he became chairman of the commission.
    他很自然地成为委员会的主席。
  3. He became a great man.
    他成了伟人。
  4. How did he become a statesman?
    他是怎样成为一个政治家的?
  5. She has become a famous scientist.
    她已成为著名科学家。
  6. Afterward, the boy became a very famous artist.
    后来,这男孩成为一个很有名的艺术家。
  7. We never imagined that John would become a doctor.
    我们绝没有料到约翰会成为医生。
  8. I suppose she has talked to you about becoming a teacher.
    我想她和你谈起过当教师的事。
  9. He has eventually become a folk song singer.
    他最终成了一名民歌手。
  10. Later I became a railway worker.
    后来,我就当了铁路工人。
  11. He became one of the best actors on the stage.
    他成为最优秀的戏剧演员之一。
  12. The boy rapidly became a man.
    这个男孩很快长成了一个男子汉。
  13. It was some time before he became himself again.
    过了好一会儿他才恢复了常态。
  14. They resolved their differences and became good friends again.
    他们解决了他们之间的分歧,又成了好朋友。
  15. The tadpole becomes a frog.
    蝌蚪变成青蛙。
  16. When water becomes solid, we call it ice.
    当水变为固体时,我们称之为冰。
  17. The battlefield became their training ground.
    战场成了他们的练兵场。
  18. The custom has now become a rule.
    那种习惯现已变为成规。
  19. The cycle of seasons becomes the year.
    四季的循环就形成年。
  20. His dream became a reality.
    他的梦想变成了现实。
  21. After a decade,Dr. King's dream had not become a reality.
    十年后,金博士的梦想也没有变为现实。
  22. I tell you, it's becoming a pretty serious problem.
    我告诉你,这已经渐渐构成一个 相当严重的问题。
  23. She'll soon become eighty.
    她很快就要80岁了。
S+~+ adj./v -ed
  1. His coat has become badly torn.
    他的上衣已经破得不成样子了。
  2. Maple leaves become red in autumn.
    枫叶在秋天变红。
  3. The days are becoming short.
    白天正在变短。
  4. He has become accustomed to his new duties.
    他对他的新职务已习惯了。
  5. Billy soon became aware that the job was by no means easy.
    比利很快就意识到这工作并不容易做。
  6. He became anxious about his own health.
    他为自己的健康担心起来。
  7. At last it became too tiring.
    后来那事情变得太使人厌倦了。
  8. The pain became intense.
    疼痛变得更加剧烈了。
  9. Such scenes have become quite familiar to everyone.
    这种情景大家已经十分熟悉了。
  10. She had become familiar with the house.
    她对这幢房子变得很熟悉了。
  11. I suddenly became conscious that someone was looking at me.
    我突然意识到有人在看着我。
  12. Ferguson became silent.
    弗格森变得沉默寡言了。
  13. She became quite cheerful.
    她变得非常高兴。
  14. It became clear that he was lying.
    他在撒谎这点看来很清楚了。
  15. When the masses are of one heart, everything becomes easy.
    群众齐心了,什么事都好办了。
  16. It becomes true that the individual's own good is best secured by increasing the common wealth.
    只有共同的财富增长了,个人的利益才有保障,这是千真万确的。
  17. They became dizzy with success.
    他们被胜利冲昏了头脑。
  18. The smell became stronger and stronger.
    气味越来越浓。
  19. Our country is becoming stronger and stronger.
    我们国家日益强大。
  20. After that our life became harder than ever.
    此后,我们的日子变得更艰难了。
  21. It has become much warmer.
    天气已经暖和得多了。
  22. The wind and rain became heavier and the sky darker.
    风雨愈来愈大,天空愈来愈黑。
  23. The ground became softer after a heavy rain.
    大雨之后地面松软了。
  24. They worked hard at their studies and became favourites of their teachers.
    他们学习刻苦努力,是老师们最喜爱的学生。
  25. Things haven't become any better lately.
    近来情况并没有任何好转。
  26. He became wiser as he got older.
    随着年龄的增长他变得更聪明了。
  27. The enemy became more frantic in its death-bed struggle.
    敌人更加疯狂地进行垂死挣扎。
  28. It's becoming much more expensive to travel abroad.
    现在,出国旅行的费用贵得多了。
  29. The room soon became crowded.
    房里一会儿就挤满了人。
  30. Some of the land became covered with water.
    有些土地被水淹了。
  31. The sky became suddenly overcast with clouds.
    天空突然布满乌云。
  32. At last the truth became known.
    最后真相大白了。
  33. She practised so hard that her fingers became swollen.
    她手指头都练肿了。
  34. In less than two days his wound became infected.
    不到两天,他的伤口就感染了。
  35. Work became more rushed, but also more exciting.
    上班时间变得更加繁忙,但也更加令人兴奋。
  36. Certain animals became trapped in the tar and died.
    某些动物陷进沥青里死了。
  37. He became confused.
    他搞糊涂了。
  38. How did you become interested in maths?
    你是怎样对数学产生兴趣的?
  39. How did they become acquainted?
    他们是怎样相识的?
  40. She became influenced by these ideas.
    她开始受到这种思潮的影响。
  41. They are becoming more awakened with each passing day.
    他们日益觉醒。
  42. Dauntless in spirit, they became steeled through hardship.
    他们不屈不挠,在艰苦的生活中锻炼得更加坚强了。
  43. Jamie was becoming annoyed with me.
    杰米在生我的气。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. With the goal set, the problem became how to achieve that goal.
    目标已定,问题就是如何达到这个目标。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Her new hat becomes her.
    她的新帽子很适合她。
  2. Does this new dress become me?
    我穿这件新衣合适吗?
  3. A white dress becomes her.
    她适合穿白衣服。
  4. Black becomes her well.
    她穿上黑色衣服很好看。
  5. This light blue sweater becomes her very well.
    她适于穿这件浅蓝色毛衣。
  6. This colour becomes my sister.
    这种颜色适合我妹妹穿。
  7. This quiet old garden becomes me perfectly.
    这个宁静古老的庭院对我来说是再合适不过的了。
  8. This quiet little room became them perfectly.
    这个安静的小房间对他们挺合适。
  9. These words do not become a person in your position.
    说这些话与你这种地位的人不相称。
  10. He used language that does not become a man of his education.
    他所用的字眼与一个受过他这样教育的人不相称。
  11. Such words do not become a gentleman.
    这也许不该是绅士说的。
  12. It would not become you to praise yourself.
    你自己夸自己这样不合适。
  13. It doesn't become you to speak like that.
    你那样说话同你的身份可不相称。
  14. It does not become a good boy to tell a lie.
    好孩子不该说谎。
  15. It would ill become you to complain.
    发牢骚对你不利。
  16. It does not become a senior pupil to cause all these troubles.
    一个高年级学生不宜惹这些麻烦。
  17. We should become one to put our work forward.
    我们应该团结一致把工作推向前进。
  18. Everything becomes a pretty face.
    有了美貌什么衣服都好看。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
become of (v.+prep.)
  1. 发生; 结果是 happen to, often in a bad way become of sb/sth

    What has become of your beautiful piano?你的漂亮的钢琴怎么啦?

    What became of John after he left school?约翰中学毕业后怎样了?

    What became of her son?她儿子后来怎么样了?

    I don't know what has become of him.我不知他后来怎样了。

    I wonder what became of the others.我不知道其他人怎么样了。

    I don't know what will become of the children if their father dies.我不知道这 些孩子在他们父亲死后会发生什么情况。

    I don't know what will become of the boy if he keeps failing his examinations.如果这孩子老是不及格,我不知道他将来有什么出路。

    What will become of those refugees?那些难民会落得什么结果呢?

    What is to become of me if you go away?如果你走了,我怎么办?

    Little Tom is lost and no one knows what has become of him.小汤姆失踪了,没有人知道他的下落。

    Whatever became of that large suitcase we had?Did we give it to a friend?我们的那个大提箱怎么样了?我们把它托给一位朋友了吗?

become with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…打成一片 be a number of become one with sb/sth

    The army must become one with the people.军队必须和人民打成一片。

    Now Xian Xinghai felt he had truly become one with the masses in thought and feeling.这时冼星海感到自己在思想感情上确实和群众打成了一片。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+形容词 ~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Houses so full of Glasse, that one cannot tell, where to become, to be out of the Sunne.

    出自:Bacon

become的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. become用作系动词时,意思是“成为,变得”,表示情况的开始、发展和结束的变化。后接名词、形容词(或其比较等级)、过去分词作表语,偶尔也可接带疑问词的动词不定式。常用在书面语中。
  2. become后接动词的过去分词可表示被动或结果,此时一般不接by短语。
  3. become用作及物动词时,还可表示“适宜,合适”。
  4. become of只能与疑问代词what(ever)连用,用于直接或间接疑问句中,表示“变得怎样”,后接人或有形的东西,多用于完成时或将来时。
  5. become是非持续性动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。但可用于完成时态。
  6. become不可用于被动结构。
  7. become一般不用于进行时态,但有时为了生动,或为了留有余地,可以用于进行时。例如:You are becoming something of a diplomat yourself.你变得有点外交家的味道了。Why do you keep this room so bare?It's becoming just a place for you to dump your books.你为什么把这间屋子弄得空空荡荡的?它简直成为你扔书的地方了。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
become, be
become与be是常用的系动词。其区别是:
1.become是非延续性动词,不可与表示延续性的时间状语连用; 而be则是延续性动词,可表示状态,能与表示延续性的时间状语连用。
2.become不可用于被动结构; 而be则可用于被动结构。
3.become不可接动词不定式; 而be则可接动词不定式。
become, come, go, grow, turn
这组词均可用作系动词,表示“变成”。其区别是:
1.come多指向好的方向转变; go往往指向坏的方面转变; become指向好的(也可指向坏的)方面发展, turn是正式用语,指向好的,也指向坏的方面转变。试比较:
  • When did that style of dress come into fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候时兴的?
  • When did that style of dress go out of fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候不时兴的?
2.come的主语往往是人; become的主语可以是人或物; 而go的主语多是物。
3.come的表语通常是形容词; become的表语可以是形容词、代词或名词(须加不定冠词); go和grow的表语为形容词; turn的表语可以是形容词或名词(不加不定冠词)。
become, go
这两个词的共同意思是“变得”。其区别是:
1.当表示人们感情上的变化时,通常用become; 指人的身体上的变化时,可用go或become。例如:
He became aware of the gravity of the situation.他开始意识到情况的严重性。
She became〔went〕 mad.她疯了。
His mother became〔went〕 blind. 他母亲双目失明了。
2.如果是事物起变化,则好的或希望得到的结果使用become,坏的或不受欢迎的结果使用go。例如:
The milk went sour.牛奶变酸了。
Fish soon goes bad in hot weather.热天鱼很快会坏。
3.如果句子强调的不是变化本身,而是变化后的最终结果,通常用become,后面接一个表示结果的形容词。例如:
He has become accustomed to his new duties.他对他的新职务已习惯了。
become, alter, change, convert, modify, turn, vary
这组词的共同意思是“改变”“变化”。change和alter有时可以互换。例如:
Whatever we do, we can't change〔alter〕 the facts.不管我们做什么,我们总不能改变事实。
He has changed〔altered〕 a lot since I last saw him.自从上次见面到现在,他变了很多。
The weather changes〔alters〕 almost daily.天气差不多天天在变。
其区别是:
1.change在这几个词中是最普遍、最不正式的一个,可用于任何变化的过程,而不论变化的性质和程度; alter指局部的、表面的、轻微的“改变”“改动”,修改后仍基本上保持原状; alter和convert都指形式和用途上的局部微小改变; turn指彻底改变,以至面目全非,且常用于朝坏的方向改变; modify指限定在一定范围内的修改或修饰,以使之更完美; vary则指事物或其一部分暂时地或反复地变化,从而使事物各部分呈现不同外貌和特点。例如:
When matter changes to a substance different from what it was, the change is a chemical change.当物质变成和原来不同的物质时,这种变化是化学变化。
The plan is O.K. at large, but I suggest it be altered.该计划总的来说是可以的,但我建议做进一步修改。
Pressure varies directly with temperature and inversely with volume.压力随温度成正比例变化,与容积成反比例变化。
All the bank bill was converted into cash.所有的银行票据都兑换成了现金。
Those who were once for him have turned against him.那些原来支持他的人现在转而反对他。
The newspaper turned against the president.该报转而攻击总统。
After he left the university, he became a teacher, but he later turned to translation.他大学毕业后当了教师,但后来转向翻译工作。
2.convert可指改变信仰,尤其是宗教信仰; modify指态度变温和。例如:
He has converted from Buddhism to Catholicism.他已放弃佛教改信天主教了。
You'd better modify your tone.你最好缓和一下你的口气。
He will have to modify his views if he wants to be elected.他如果想当选,就得把观点变得明朗些。
become, turn into
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“变成”。其区别是:
become着重目前状态; turn into着重改变用途。例如:
  • The storeroom has become a workshop.
  • 库房成了车间了。
  • The storeroom has been turned into a workshop.
  • 库房变成了车间。
become get grow turn go come
这些动词均可表示“变成,成为”之意。
  • become:become最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。
  • get:get常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。
  • grow:grow常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。
  • turn:turn侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。
  • go:go作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。
  • come:come侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 她开始喜欢游泳。

    She became to like swimming.

    She began to like swimming.

  2. 妇女们正在变得更加独立自主。

    Women are becoming to be more independent.

    Women are becoming more independent.

    become后面不接动词不定式。

  3. 他最近怎么样?

    What has become to him lately?

    What has become of him lately?

    become of表示“…怎么样”,是习语,此处的of不能用to替代。

  4. 该货变成畅销货将近一年了。

    This product has become a best seller for nearly one year.

    This product has been a best seller for nearly one year.

  5. 他当了两年技术员。

    He has become a technician for two years.

    He became a technician two years ago.

    It is two years since he became a technician.

    become表示的是短暂的动作,不表示延续的状态,不能和for引起的表示一段时间的状语连用。

  6. 这些相同之处使他们成为知己。

    These similarities made them become close friends.

    These similarities made them close friends.

    make的意思是“使成为”,已含有become的意思,再用become是多余的。

  7. 她脸变得和一张白纸一样。

    She was become as white as a sheet.

    She became as white as a sheet.

    become不可用于被动结构。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的becmuan,意为发生;最初源自古日耳曼语的bikweman,意为变成。

become的相关资料:

正版词典

become : 成为,变得 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • become:become vi. 变成, 成为, 变得vt. 适合, 相称习惯用语become of 发生; 变成; 结局是…

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