- 隐藏的困难， 暗藏的不利因素
- 捕捉， 抓（住）
- vt. 逮住,捉住 trap after chasing or hunting
- vt. & vi. 偶然撞见,突然发觉 discover suddenly and by surprise
- vt. & vi. 赶上,追上 be in time for
- vt. 患病; 感染上 get an illness; become infected with
- vt. 理解,听懂,听到 understand, hear
- vt. & vi. (使)被钩住,(使)被卡住 become hooked, held, fastened or stuck
- [C]抓,接 an act of seizing and holding sth thrown or hit, especially a ball
- [C]捕获量,捕获物 the amount of sth caught
- [C]挂钩,吊扣 a hook or other apparatus for fastening sth or holding it shut
- [C]隐患,圈套 a hidden problem or difficulty
a drawback or difficulty that is not readily evident;
"it sounds good but what's the catch?"
the quantity that was caught;
"the catch was only 10 fish"
a person regarded as a good matrimonial prospect
anything that is caught (especially if it is worth catching);
"he shared his catch with the others"
a break or check in the voice (usually a sign of strong emotion)
a restraint that checks the motion of something;
"he used a book as a stop to hold the door open"
a fastener that fastens or locks a door or window
a cooperative game in which a ball is passed back and forth;
"he played catch with his son in the backyard"
the act of catching an object with the hands;
"Mays made the catch with his back to the plate"
"he made a grab for the ball before it landed"
"Martin's snatch at the bridle failed and the horse raced away"
"the infielder's snap and throw was a single motion"
the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal);
"the policeman on the beat got credit for the collar"
discover or come upon accidentally, suddenly, or unexpectedly; catch somebody doing something or in a certain state;
"She caught her son eating candy"
"She was caught shoplifting"
perceive with the senses quickly, suddenly, or momentarily;
"I caught the aroma of coffee"
"He caught the allusion in her glance"
"ears open to catch every sound"
"The dog picked up the scent"
"Catch a glimpse"
reach with a blow or hit in a particular spot;
"the rock caught her in the back of the head"
"The blow got him in the back"
"The punch caught him in the stomach"
take hold of so as to seize or restrain or stop the motion of;
"Catch the ball!"
"Grab the elevator door!"
succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase;
"We finally got the suspect"
"Did you catch the thief?"
to hook or entangle;
"One foot caught in the stirrup"
attract and fix;
"His look caught her"
"She caught his eye"
"Catch the attention of the waiter"
capture as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping;
"I caught a rabbit in the trap today"
reach in time;
"I have to catch a train at 7 o'clock"
get or regain something necessary, usually quickly or briefly;
"Catch some sleep"
"catch one's breath"
catch up with and possibly overtake;
"The Rolls Royce caught us near the exit ramp"
be struck or affected by;
"catch the mood"
check oneself during an action;
"She managed to catch herself before telling her boss what was on her mind"
hear, usually without the knowledge of the speakers;
"We overheard the conversation at the next table"
see or watch;
"view a show on television"
"This program will be seen all over the world"
"view an exhibition"
"Catch a show on Broadway"
"see a movie"
cause to become accidentally or suddenly caught, ensnared, or entangled;
"I caught the hem of my dress in the brambles"
detect a blunder or misstep;
"The reporter tripped up the senator"
grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of;
"did you catch that allusion?"
"We caught something of his theory in the lecture"
"don't catch your meaning"
"did you get it?"
"She didn't get the joke"
"I just don't get him"
"did you catch a cold?"
"The fire caught"
perceive by hearing;
"I didn't catch your name"
"She didn't get his name when they met the first time"
suffer from the receipt of;
"She will catch hell for this behavior!"
attract; cause to be enamored;
"She captured all the men's hearts"
apprehend and reproduce accurately;
"She really caught the spirit of the place in her drawings"
"She got the mood just right in her photographs"
take in and retain;
"We have a big barrel to catch the rainwater"
spread or be communicated;
"The fashion did not catch"
be the catcher;
"Who is catching?"
become aware of;
"he caught her staring out the window"
delay or hold up; prevent from proceeding on schedule or as planned;
"I was caught in traffic and missed the meeting"
- We're just in time to catch the train.
- The police are tracking down him and hope to catch him soon.
- It is natural for a cat to catch mice.
- I don't catch your meaning.
- That's a nice catch.
- The fisherman had a good catch.
- There must be a catch to that last question.
- Something has gone wrong with the lock; it won't catch.
- The wind was so strong that the fire caught quickly.
- I have a train to catch.
- My friend caught me when I tripped.
- Two hours later the police caught all the thieves.
- The police caught the thief as he ran.
- I caught him just as he was leaving the house.
- He caught my hand and held it tightly.
- They caught the enemies by surprise and succeeded in delaying them.
- A snow ball caught the passer-by in the shoulder.
- She caught him on the cheek.
- We caught a lot of fish.
- This is the season for catching fish.
- The cat caught a mouse.
- Altogether we caught ten golden monkeys.
- To scare a bird is not the way to catch it.
- If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.
- They caught several thousand jin of fish in just one net.
- The early bird catches the worm.
- They caught us before we reached town.
- We shall catch them in the middle of their supper.
- He ran so fast that I couldn't catch him.
- We caught the boat at Marseilles.
- I want to catch the one-thirty train.
- Dry wood catches fire easily.
- The house caught fire while we were away .
- The thorns have caught our clothing.
- His sleeve caught the glass.It fell and broke into pieces.
- He caught his foot on a wire and fell.
- The dog caught the bit of meat in its mouth.
- I threw the ball to him and he caught it.
- Try to catch the ball with both hands.
- I don't quite catch your meaning.
- I didn't catch the end of the sentence, and could you say it again?
- Did you catch my idea?
- I didn't catch the last two words.
- When she woke, her ear caught the sound of knocking.
- Through the window I caught the scent of lilac.
- If you have already had the disease, probably you won't catch it again.
- He is very strong, but he catches cold sometimes.
- She caught a cold from her brother.
- We must not catch the bad habit of “acting as overlords”.
- The spy was caught in the act.
- The bandit was caught alive.
- He was caught in the rain and got wet through last night.
- The ship was caught in a hurricane.
- Don't get caught in the storm!
- The enemy is caught between two fires, from within and without.
- The car was caught between two trucks.
- She was caught by his smile and good nature.
- I could hardly catch what he meant.
- I didn't catch what you said.
- He caught us a butterfly.
- Inbry caught me a dragonfly.
- She caught a small fish for me.
- You won't catch me inviting those people to my house again.
- The teacher caught the boy cheating.
- I should like to catch them saying anything like that again.
- He was caught cheating in the exam.
- Through the window I caught the scent of syringa mixed with the late night smell of grass.
- When questioned, the boy caught stealing kept silent.
- What a good catch it is.
- Let's play catch.
- That was a difficult catch.
- His catch was quick enough to keep the bottle from dropping to the ground.
- The angler made a good catch.
- The boat brought back a big catch of fish.
- George was a young and promising catch.
- Her husband was a good catch; he's rich and attractive.
- The catch on this door is broken.
- Can you unfasten the lock catch of a box?
- The salary is fantastic, but the catch is that you have to spend six months of the year in the Antarctic.
- The catch is how to grow rice in such a dry area.
- catch at (v.+prep.)
catch at sth
He caught at a rope thrown to him, but missed it.
He acted like a drowning man trying to catch at a straw.
He will catch at any chance to make money.
He catches at every opportunity to practise the piano.
他抓住每一个机会练习弹钢琴。catch sb at sth
I've caught you at your tricks again!
If you catch me at it again, you may punish me any way you like.
如果你看见我再做这件事,可以任意处罚我。catch at sth
John caught at Bill's offer to help.
- catch in1 (v.+prep.)
遇上雨,被雨淋 be caught in the rain
catch in sth
My foot caught in the mat and I fell heavily.
My foot caught in a loose plank on the bridge while I was crossing.
我过河时脚被桥上一块松动的木板夹住了。catch sb in sth
He was caught in the rain and got wet through last night.
He is wet all over.He must have been caught in the rain.
- catch in2 (v.+adv.)
缝上几针把…收紧,改小 draw (a loose garment) together with a belt, etc.; take (a loose garment) in closer size
catch sb in
You might catch him in about 11 o'clock.
This dress is rather loose, but it only needs catching in a little at the waist.
这件女衫大了些,但只要在腰部束一束就可以了。catch sth ⇔ in
Catch in the waistline very lightly so that it doesn't show.
She caught the dress in at the waist.
- catch off (v.+prep.)
乘某人不备 surprise sb in an undefended moment
catch sb off sth
They caught him off guard.
If you want to persuade the chairman to agree , you'll have to catch him off his guard.
- catch on1 (v.+prep.)
触到痛处; 伤感情 catch sb on the raw
catch on sth
The kite caught on the electric wires.
那个风筝勾住电线了。catch sb/sth on sth
He caught his foot on a tree root and stumbled.
I would have been early enough, but I caught my coat on a nail just as I was leaving.
The ball caught him on the head.
My sleeve was caught on a nail.
我的袖子被钉子挂住了。catch sb on sth
You'll have to be more careful about what you say; you really caught him on the raw when you mentioned his first wife.
- catch on2 (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉理解 see the meaning, purpose, etc.; grasp mentally
There have been several attempts to introduce new styles in men's clothing, but none of them has caught on.
The skate-board caught on for a few months, but then dropped out of fashion.
I don't think this strange new fashion will catch on.
That movement was slow to catch on at first, but a few months afterwards it began to develop rapidly.
This method of teaching caught on well.
The new method caught on and many peasants became very skilful at it.
The play caught on well.
Do you think this fashion will catch on?
The phrase caught on and immediately became popular.
It took me a while to catch on.
She didn't know why we were laughing at that joke; in a little while she caught on and laughed too.
He explained it again and I at last caught on.
他又解释了一遍,我终于明白了。catch sth ⇔ on
Being a foreigner, he did not catch on the joke.
他是个外国人,未能理解这个笑话的含义。catch on to sth
An enquiring mind quickly catches on to a new idea.
He's no fool; he'll catch on soon enough to what you are doing.
We hope to catch on to the new method of work in a few days.
You will catch on to the job after you've been here a while.
- catch out (v.+adv.)
使怀孕 make sb pregnant
- catch up (v.+adv.)
把…缠住,把…卷入; 把…迷住 entangle, involve; enthrall
catch sth ⇔ up
He caught up the ball as it rolled along and threw it back.
He caught up a stick and struck out his assailant.
When he heard the bugle call, he caught up his gun and dashed out.
他一听到军号声就抓起枪冲了出去。catch sth ⇔ up
The leaves were caught up by a sudden gust of wind.
You just go ahead and I'll catch up later.
You'd better drive faster, because the others are catching up quickly.
I'm badly behind with my work and I am making great efforts to catch up.
我的工作太落后了,我正在努力赶上去。catch sb/sth ⇔ up
I had to run to catch her up.
You go on ahead; I'll catch you up in a few minutes.
If we speed up we'll soon catch him up.
The car is not far behind us; it will soon catch us up.
It seems that we can't hope to catch up that car in front of us.
There was a ten-mile chase before the thieves were caught up by the police car.
过了十英里路,警察的车子才赶上盗窃犯。catch up to sth
Prices will fall as soon as production catches up to demand.
一旦生产赶上了需求,物价就会下跌。catch up with sb/sth
You walk on and I'll catch up with you later.
She caught up with them as they reached the bridge.
I walked as fast as I could, but I couldn't catch up with him.
He is working hard to catch up with the class.
Walk slowly, and I will catch up with you.
She spent six weeks catching up with her studies.
I have been ill for two weeks so I must try to catch up with my work.
We must strive to catch up with and surpass advanced world levels in science and technology.
我们必须努力赶超世界先进科技水平。catch sth ⇔ up
She caught up her hair into a bun.
她把头发卷成圆卷。catch sb ⇔ up
We caught him up on a number of factual details.
He is ready to catch me up whenever there is a slip-up in my speech.
They were to catch up and begin the march at daybreak.
他们将准备好牲口在破晓时出发。catch sb ⇔ up
Revolutionary zeal caught them up, and they joined the army.
- catch up in (v.+adv.+prep.)
沉湎于; 被吸引住; 关注 be deeply interested in; be busy with (an activity or group)
catch sth ⇔ up in sth
We were so caught up in the football match that we forgot what time it was.
The boy had got caught up in the story he was reading, and so didn't notice my coming into the room.
They were caught up in the excitement of the moment.
Most citizens do not get caught up in local events.
- catch up on (v.+adv.+prep.)
对…有影响 have an effect on sb's health, work, behaviour, etc., especially a damaging effect
catch up on sth
He loves to catch up on the news after a trip abroad.
每次国外旅行以后,他都喜欢得到最新的消息。catch up on wh-clause
I'm afraid I can't catch up on how things are in that region.
恐怕我不能及时得到关于那个地区情况的消息。catch sb up on wh-clause
He caught me up on what's happening at the front.
He writes to us every week to catch us up on what's happening in the countryside.
他每星期给我们写信,把农村里的最新消息告诉我们。catch up on sth
I have to catch up on my work so I can't come out.
The holidays will be a good time for him to catch up on his studies.
I expect he'll catch up on lost time by working harder.
我期望他能更加努力地工作来弥补失去的时间。catch up on sb
Don't be surprised if all these cigarettes you are smoking catch up on you one day.
- catch up with (v.+adv.+prep.)
查出来并抓获 find out about or get proof to punish or arrest
- catch with (v.+prep.)
接住,抓住 seize or grasp sth
catch sth with sth
She caught my arm with both hands.
Catch the ball with both hands.
- catch in
在…中有蹊跷 a hidden problem or difficulty among sth
- catch to
关于…有蹊跷 a hidden problem or difficulty about sth
- catch a cold 受凉,感冒
- catch a person 捉住某人
- catch an illness 生病
- catch cancer 致癌
- catch fire 失火,着火
- catch much inconvenience 带来不便
- catch mumps 感染腮腺炎
- catch one's breath 憋住气
- catch ruin 造成某人的伤害
- catch sb's attention〔eye〕 引起某人的注意
- catch sb's death 造成某人之死
- catch sight of 看见某人
- catch the accident 造成意外
- catch bad habits 染上坏习惯
- catch the enemy 袭击敌人
- catch the meaning 听得懂意思
- catch the measles 患麻疹
- catch the point 领会要点
- catch the scent 闻到香味
- catch the train 赶上火车
- catch trouble 招致麻烦
- catch abundantly 大量地捕到
- catch charmingly 顺利地抓住
- catch easily 容易逮住
- catch fairly 当场拿获
- catch instantly 立刻燃烧
- catch obstinately 顽强地抓捕
- catch properly 准确地打开
- catch remarkably 清楚地知道
- catch on well 受欢迎
- catch out 未发现
- catch over 结冰
- catch up 赶上,使卷入,把…很快地拾〔拿〕起来,打断…的话
- catch on with students 受到学生的欢迎
- catch up on the roof 给屋顶挂住了
- catch up with 赶上
- catch up with one's lessons 补上功课
- catch at 接住,碰见
- catch at an opportunity 抓住机会
- catch for 因…抓住
- catch from 从…传染
- catch in a door 被门夹住
- catch in a storm 遇上暴风雨
- catch in a trap 落入陷阱
- catch in a tree 给树挂住
- catch sb off guard 出其不意地进攻某人
- catch on a nail (衣服)挂在钉子上
- catch under a truck 给卡车轧住
- catch with 被…抓住
- fix a catch 装门扣
- have caught 捕到某物
- hold catch 接住某物
- make a catch 做一个接球动作
- play catch 设骗局
- big catch 大量的捕获物
- difficult catch 很难接住
- good catch 理想的人选
- great catch 红人
- poor catch 很少的捕获物
- quick catch 很快抓住
- safety catch 保险栓
- total catch 总捕获量
- by catches 断断续续
We retain a catch of these pretty stories.出自： J. Glanvill
Such houses as had any catch of the river.出自： S. Johnson
We used to catch snakes for the Zoo.出自： R. Campbell
Lady Georgina Fane, unmarried daughter of Lord Westmorland,..never gave up hope of catching him.出自： E. Longford
- catch可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,后面跟名词、代词或疑问词从句作宾语,有时也可跟以现在分词、过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语; 用作不及物动词时,主动形式往往含有被动意义。当表示“抓住某人的某部位”时,一般说“catch sb. by the＋部位”,这一结构中the不能换为sb's。catch作“捕获”解时,后面可以接双宾语,但间接宾语一般用介词for引出,而不用to。
- catch at的意思是“设法抓住”,并不表明抓住与否。catch on表示“变得流行,抓住,理解”等, catch out表示“发现不在”“抓住短处”, catch up with表示“赶上”“补上”“抓住”“带来不良后果”。
I have caught a cold.
- catch的常用短语有catch one's eyes（引起某人的注意），catch up（抓起，指出），catch up with（追上，赶上）；
Some students cought a thief this morning.
The police arrested her as suspect.
- catch, catch at
- catch at和catch的意思都是“抓”。其区别是：
- catch at一般表示“想抓住,设法抓住”,但不一定能抓住; catch则强调抓住。例如:
- He caught my hand and held it tightly.
- A drowning man will catch at a straw.
- catch sb by the arm, catch sb's arm
- 前者强调“抓住”这一结果,而且往往带有感情色彩; 后者强调“抓住”的部位,不带感情色彩。例如:
- The little school boy ran to the pickpocket and caught his arm.
- Father looked faint.Mary rose quickly and caught him by the arm.
- 爸爸看起来要晕倒似的,玛丽赶快起来, 一把抓住了他的胳膊。
- catch, catch up, catch up with
- 1.catch一般接bus, train等交通工具,而catch up和catch up with较少用于交通工具,较多用于人、单位、团体。
- 2.catch up和catch up with一般可通用,美式英语多用catch up,英式英语多用catch up with。
- catch, grasp, grip, hold
- hold含义最广,指抓牢或掌握具体或抽象的事物; grip指全力紧抓事物; grasp常指对抽象理论、原理的领悟或理解; catch指拼命抓牢不放,唯恐其滑掉或丢失,比其他三个词更强调控制。例如:
- Hold the reins tight.把缰绳抓紧。
- I threw the ball, and the dog caught it in his mouth.我把球抛出,狗用嘴接住了球。
- I think I grasped the main points of the speech.我想我已经领会了演说的要点。
- She gripped my hand in fear.她因害怕而紧握住我的手。
- catch, ensnare, trap
- catch为一般用语,多指有力地、出其不意地,或机智地抓住正在飞奔或躲藏的人或物; trap和ensnare是指用机关或器具捉住, trap指用陷阱或圈套去捕捉; ensnare多指使用计谋而不是具体的陷阱。例如:
- He ensnared the old lady into giving him all her savings.
- 他诱骗那位老妇人把全部积蓄都给了 他。
- He lives by trapping animals and selling their fur.
- catch, arrest, capture, seize
- 1.arrest指官方依法对罪犯或犯罪嫌疑人予以拘捕、收审; seize指突然有力地抓住,其引申意义可指抓住转瞬即逝或难以捉摸的东西; capture强调用武力手段,克服一定的困难或抵抗后而“捕获”“抓获”,也可指竞赛中的“夺标”或在军事上对某地的“占领”; catch属常用词,多指通过追踪、武力、计谋、突然袭击等方式“抓住”某人或某物。例如:
- The bandit was caught red-handed.
- They seized him by force.
- The police arrested the killer and put him in prison.
- Our army captured 500 of the enemy.
- The bright lights arrested the baby's attention.
- The unusual panelling on the walls caught my attention.
- catch up with, keep up with
- catch up with表示从落后的状态迎头赶上; keep up with表示跟上某人以至不落后。例如:
- You go on;I will soon catch up with you.
- She had to run to keep up with them.
- His shirt caught on a nail.
- He caught his shirt on a nail.
- They caught him stealing.
- Catch me stealing again.
- She caught the boy smoking a cigarette.
误 He has caught a cold for three days.
正 He caught a cold three days ago.
误 He was caught by the rain.
正 He was caught in the rain.
析 表示人遇雨、雷雨、大风等时, catch一般用于被动结构,并用介词in,不用by。我撞见那小偷在偷我的电视机。
误 I caught the thief to steal my television set.
正 I caught the thief stealing my television set.
析 当表示“碰上”“撞上某人正做某事”时, catch后须跟现在分词作宾语补足语。我在街上徘徊,突然看见了一家服装店。
误 I was wandering through the streets when I suddenly caught sight of a tailor's shop.
正 I was wandering through the streets when I caught sight of a tailor's shop.
析 caught sight of的意思是“突然看见”,其本身已含有“突然”的意思,不必再用suddenly。
- ☆ 1200年左右进入英语，直接源自盎格鲁法或古北部法语的cachier，意为抓，捕；最初源自通俗拉丁语的captiare，意为试图抓住，追捕。