- vt. 丢失 come to be without, as through carelessness;fail to find
- vt. & vi. 失败 fail to win
- vt. & vi. 浪费 waste
- fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either physically or in an abstract sense;
"She lost her purse when she left it unattended on her seat"
- fail to win;
"We lost the battle but we won the war"
- suffer the loss of a person through death or removal;
"She lost her husband in the war"
"The couple that wanted to adopt the child lost her when the biological parents claimed her"
- place (something) where one cannot find it again;
"I misplaced my eyeglasses"
- miss from one's possessions; lose sight of;
"I've lost my glasses again!"
- allow to go out of sight;
"The detective lost the man he was shadowing after he had to stop at a red light"
- fail to make money in a business; make a loss or fail to profit;
"I lost thousands of dollars on that bad investment!"
"The company turned a loss after the first year"
- fail to get or obtain;
"I lost the opportunity to spend a year abroad"
- fail to perceive or to catch with the senses or the mind;
"I missed that remark"
"She missed his point"
"We lost part of what he said"
- be set at a disadvantage;
"This author really suffers in translation"
- I lost my wallet yesterday.
- It's only the second time the team has lost a match this season.
- The game will lose its relish when you grow old.
- He lost his life in the war.
- The truth is that we're so focused on what we are doing that we often lose sight of where we are going.
- How much do they stand to lose by this merger?
- Merely to maintain is to lose in the end.
- We have got so many debts; we have nothing more to lose.
- Does your watch gain or lose?
Our strength lies in the people, and together we cannot lose.
The invalid is losing.
Does your watch gain or lose?
I cannot write to her as I've lost her address.
We guarantee we'll never lose an inch of ground.
He nearly lost his eyesight.
They have gradually lost their illusions about winning the war.
I've just lost his name.
After five hundred he lost count.
Hurry up or we will lose the train.
Losing the post, he failed to send out the letters.
I hope we won't lose the competition.
The team played well, but lost the game.
I lost myself.
She lost her reason.
Mark was surrounded by so many dangers that he lost his balance.
I keep trying to get Keith to tidy his room but I'm losing my battle.
He lost his health at last.
While climbing up the stairs the old man always loses his breath.
You asked that poor little girl so many questions that she almost lost her bearings.
We're going to steal some apples from Farmer Jones's orchard. Why won't you come with us?Lost your bottle?
The mayor lost control of himself for a moment, but he soon calmed down.
The teacher has lost control of the class;he will have to be replaced.
Although the group was in danger from a threatened avalanche, their guide never lost his cool.
He was so interested in the TV programme that he lost time.
In times of difficulty, we must not lose hope.
Sorry, would you mind repeating that point?I seem to have lost the drift of the argument.
The child must go and see a doctor, he has lost his colour lately.
He lost his patience when he broke the key in the lock.
John's careless work made him lose face with his employer.
The difficulty is going to be how to admit the mistake without losing face.
For several years,Britain has steadily lost ground in the markets for manufactured goods.
The colonel seemed to lose his head as we went into action, and as a consequence the regiment suffered many casualties.
She lost her head when she found the house on fire.
When the fire broke out in the movies, the people lost their heads and ran in all directions.
If that politician hadn't gotten angry and lost his head, he would never have slandered his opponent.
I'm very sorry I lost my head completely, but I promise you it won't happen again.
The young technical innovator didn't lose heart though the new system was not yet brought into a workable condition.
He lost heart when he heard that she was going to marry.
Coward as he was, he lost heart at the news.
She seemed to lose heart in the business after that.
John studies very hard and never loses heart in face of difficulties.
She never loses heart whatever she does.
The actor has lost his hold of the fans.
He lost a lot of money over coffee.
Poor old Bernard has started shouting at strangers in the street;he must have lost his marbles.
He lost no time in returning to the laboratory.
We lost no time in making a decision.
The doctor lost no time in prescribing a treatment and writing out a prescription.
I lost no time in sending the joyful news to my parents at home.
He is apt to lose his temper.
The nurses in the kindergarten never lose their temper even if the children are very naughty.
I dare say nothing when my father loses his temper.
It's no good losing your temper over trifles.
He became angry and completely lost his temper.
Don't lose your temper so quickly, it will only lead you into trouble.
Hearing this sarcastic remark, he lost his temper.
The naughty boy lost his tongue in the presence of the headmaster.
She had lost her way.
Be careful not to lose your way.
It's easy to lose your way in the wood on a rainy day.
She walked through the woods in the dark and lost her way.
The driver was a stranger here so he lost his way in the storm.
In order not to lose my way coming back,I choose the wide road.
In no circumstances should a well-educated person lose his senses.
The doctor advised John to lose weight.
He has lost much weight since he began to diet.
Do write me as often as you can.I don't want to lose touch with you.
No one whom he has taught seems ever to lose touch with him.
He's lost all track of her since they left school.
After Jones moved to London, we lost all track of him.
We lost all track of time.
John lost track of the money he spent this month.
He soon lost track of how much money he had spent.
We must not lose sight of this fact.
Under no circumstances should we lose sight of our main objective.
They lost sight of the reasons for which they went to war.
No matter how rich and famous he became, he never lost sight of the fact that he was born in the slums.
These grand schemes are all very well, but we mustn't lose sight of the fact that somebody has to pay for them.
We lost sight of him in the crowd.
At a distance you lose sight of the town.
We soon lost sight of the boat in the dense fog.
We watched the plane go higher and higher until we lost sight of it.
At last the islanders lost sight of the vessel.
I have lost sight of my old friend for many years.
We have lost sight of him since he went abroad .
I have lost sight of him entirely.
The books seem to be lost.
Your labour will not be lost.
This mistake will lose you many marks.
This fatal miscalculation lost them the final victory.
Failure to pay one instalment would lose them all that they have already paid.
The strike has lost that U.S. firm lots of profits.
- lose at (v.+prep.)
在…(比赛)中失败 fail to win at (game) lose at sth
I always lose at cards, with my bad luck.我不走运,打牌总输。
How much money did you lose at the races?赛马会上你输了多少钱?
- 在…(比赛)中失败 fail to win at (game) lose at sth
- lose by (v.+prep.)
因…蒙受损失;因…失去 suffer a disadvantage from sth or doing sth lose by sth
Put your money into our savings plan, and you can't lose by it.按我们的储蓄计划把钱存起来,你就不会蒙受什么损失。lose sth by sth
The government may lose seats by the reorganization of voting areas.政府可能会因为调整选区而失去席位。
- 因…蒙受损失;因…失去 suffer a disadvantage from sth or doing sth lose by sth
- lose in (v.+prep.)
使迷失或丢失于 fail to know where sth/sb is lose sth/oneself in sth
We lost ourselves in the dark.我们在黑暗中迷路。
One loses oneself easily in such a big city.在这样的大城市里很容易迷路。
My little daughter lost herself in the department store yesterday.昨天，我的小女儿在百货商场里迷了路。
I've lost my ring in the garden.我把戒指丢在花园里了。用于 be ～ed 结构
I always get lost in a strange city.到陌生城市我常常迷路。
使忙于,埋头于(某事) be busy oneself with sth lose oneself in sth
I can always lose myself in a good book.一本好书会使我爱不释手。用于 be ～ed 结构
Mary was lost in the details of a new sewing pattern.玛丽埋头研究一个新的剪裁花样。
因…受损,逊色 become less or worse because of or during sth lose in sth
The effect of the story loses in translation.这个故事一经翻译便失去了原来的效果。
(指某种声音)被(其他声音)淹没,吞没 be drowned by (other sounds) lose sth in sth 用于 be ～ed 结构
The chairman's remarks were lost in the public's shouts of disapproval.主席讲的话被淹没在一片反对的呼声中。
- 使迷失或丢失于 fail to know where sth/sb is lose sth/oneself in sth
- lose on (v.+prep.)
吃亏 have less money than when one started lose on sth
We lost on that job.我们在那件事上吃亏了。
- 吃亏 have less money than when one started lose on sth
- lose out (v.+adv.)
损失;失败 suffer a loss or defeat lose out
We lost out in the election simply because the opposition had more money to run their campaign.我们在这次大选中被击败了,这完全是因为反对党有更多的钱进行竞选活动。
You often lose out when you bet on horse races.你在赛马打赌时,常常输掉。
- 损失;失败 suffer a loss or defeat lose out
- lose to (v.+prep.)
失去,败给,没有 displace to, fail to lose to sb
England lost to Australia.英国队输给了澳大利亚队。lose sb/sth/oneself to sb
He lost himself to her.他完全听她的。
She seems to have lost her heart to you.她似乎已爱上了你。
She lost her heart to the man with the broad shoulders and deep voice.她爱上了那位宽肩且声音浑厚的男子。用于 be ～ed 结构
Now his daughter was lost to him for ever.现在他永远失去了他的女儿。
The opportunity was lost to him.他失去了那个机会。
- 失去,败给,没有 displace to, fail to lose to sb
- lose a battle 打败仗
- lose a competition 输掉比赛
- lose a game 输一局
- lose a leg 失去一条腿
- lose a part of one's a finger 丧失了一段手指
- lose a quality 失去品性
- lose advantage 失去优势
- lose an ability 丧失能力
- lose an argument 输掉辩论
- lose attitude 失态
- lose belief 失去信念
- lose blood 失血
- lose business 失去生意
- lose chance 错过机会
- lose control 控制不住
- lose courage 失去勇气
- lose face 丢面子
- lose good looks 失去美貌
- lose heat 失去了热量
- lose height (飞机)降低高度
- lose husband 失去丈夫
- lose interest in 对…失去兴趣
- lose keys 丢钥匙
- lose nothing 并不吃亏
- lose one's hair 失去头发
- lose one's head 发狂,失去理智
- lose one's heart 十分喜爱
- lose one's hold 管束不住,掌握不住
- lose one's job 失业
- lose one's life 牺牲
- lose one's sense of direction 辨不清方向
- lose one's teeth 失去牙齿
- lose one's train 误火车
- lose one's way 迷路
- lose oneself 迷失方向,迷路
- lose reason 失去理智
- lose sight of 看不见,忽略,忘记
- lose speed 逐渐减速
- lose support 失宠,失去权势
- lose the last words of one's speech 没听见某人讲话的最后几句
- lose the match 输掉比赛
- lose the war 输掉这场战争
- lose weight 减肥
- lose nearly 差不多失去了
- lose automatically 自动丧失
- lose completely 完全丧失
- lose considerably 很大地损失
- lose easily 容易丢失
- lose eventually 最终丧失
- lose fatally 致命地丢失
- lose freely 随意地丧失
- lose frequently 经常丢失
- lose gravely 严重地丢失
- lose heavily 很大地损失
- lose hopelessly 无望地失败
- lose immeasurably 无可估量地损失
- lose intimately 很快丢失
- lose invariably 不变地丧失
- lose irrevocably 不能挽回地丧失
- lose mistakenly 错误地丢失
- lose mortally 致命地丢失
- lose practically 几乎失败
- lose rarely 很少失败
- lose really 真正丢失
- lose regretfully 遗憾地丢失
- lose resolutely 绝对地丢失
- lose superficially 表面上丢失
- lose thoroughly 彻底失败
- lose unbelievably 不可思议地丢失
- lose unexpectedly 出乎意外地丢失
- lose utterly 完全丢失
- lose out 输掉,失败
- lose out on the deal 做交易失败了
- lose out to sth 被某物取代
What to ourselves in passion we propose, The passion ending, doth the purpose lose.出自：Hamlet,Shakespeare
lose no time in ...一般表示“赶快去……”，有时也表示“不白费时间在……”。在容易产生歧义的场合应避免使用。注意in有时被省略。
I lost no time (in) following up the idea.
The opportunity was lost to him.
His laziness lost him his job.
He has lost his pen for a week.
He lost his pen a week ago.
It is a week since he lost his pen.
- lose作“迷路”意时为及物动词，后面须跟宾语，如lose one's way。
- 在表示“钟表逐渐变慢”时, lose可以用进行体,这种进行体不是表示即刻即时的变化,而是表示一段时间内的逐渐变化的过程。另外在带有感情色彩时,比如“顾客对店家商品质量的信心日渐丧失”“某人近来易发怒”这些句子中也可用于进行体;但是,要表达“丢失物品”“丢了”“未丢”“不存在”的可能性,则不可用于进行体。
- 当以“人”作主语时, lose不用于被动结构。不能说：My child was lost by my friend.而只可说:My bag was lost by my friend.
- be lost in作“沉思”解时表示感觉和情绪,是系表结构,不是被动结构。
- lose one's place, lose one's position
- We lost our place because we lost sight of building.
- 由于我们看不见那座楼,我们就找不 到地方了。
- Nobody knew what had lost his position.
- be lost in, be lost on, be lost to
这组短语都由lose的被动结构加介词所构成。其区别是：be lost in表示“充满着”;be lost on表示“失效”,含有“不起作用”的意思;be lost to则表示“丧失了…”“感觉不到”。例如:
- I was lost in admiration for your perform- ance under such difficult conditions.
- 我对你在如此条件下作出的成绩钦 佩不已。
- Your advice was lost on them.
- They were lost to all sense of shame.
- lose way, lose the/one's way
- The bus came losing way into the stop.
- He lost his way in the mist.
- lose, mislay, miss
这三个动词都有“丢失”的意思。其区别是：1.lose语气较强,是常用语,指偶然遗失东西,而且暗示永远失去。用作及物动词时,后面常接钱财、物品、机会等名词。2.miss意义专一,指人们察觉到东西已经丢失,含有可能找回之义,可以用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,其宾语可以是名词、代词、动名词或从句。例如:He fired two shots, both missed.他打了两枪,都没有打中。I didn't miss the key until I got home and found it wasn't in my bag.直到我回到家,想从包里拿钥匙时,才发现它不见了。I missed seeing the film when it was shown at school.那电影在学校放映时我没有去看。It seems that we have missed our chance.好像我们已失去了机会。3.mislay指把某物放在想不起来的地方,也可作“遗失”解。例如:Oh dear,I've mislaid my glasses again.哎呀!我又忘记把我的眼镜放在什么地方了。
- lose, forget, leave
这组词都有“遗忘”的意思。其区别在于：1.lose指由于着急而一时想不起来。例如:He lost his nerve and his memory for names.他不知所措且想不起名字来。2.forget指由于记忆上的忽略而对某人或某物失去了印象,这种“忘记”可能只是暂时的,也可能是长久的,且有“疏忽,忽略”之义。例如:Don't forget your duties.别玩忽职守。We mustn't forget our origin.我们不能忘本。I clean forgot to ask him about it.我完全忘了向他打听那件事。I forgot reading the book.我忘记了以前读过这本书。3.leave指忘记带了某物,有较强的感情色彩,强调“不在”。例如:He left his keys in his bed.他把钥匙遗忘在床上了。Oh dear! The travelling bag has been left.哎呀!忘拿旅行袋了。
- We lost 2000 yuan on that job.
- That job lost us 2000 yuan .
- Be five minutes slow.
- Lose five minutes.
- America lost to Australia.
- America lost the match against Australia.
误 Fred lost his cycle's control on the hill and ran into a tree.
正 Fred lost control of his cycle on the hill and ran into a tree.
析 lose control of sth 为固定短语,意思是“对…失控”。
误 They fail touch with each other because of the war.
正 They lost touch with each other because of the war.
析 lose touch with为固定短语,意思是“与…失去了联系”。
误 He has lost his pen for a week.
正 He lost his pen a week ago.
误 No matter what difficulties may come our way, we must never lose our heart.
正 No matter what difficulties may come our way, we must never lose heart.
误 We never lose our heart when we encounter setbacks in our work.
正 We never lose heart when we encounter setbacks in our work.
误 She lost heart to the English teacher.
正 She lost her heart to the English teacher.
析 “失去信心”是lose heart, heart前不用冠词,也不可用物主代词;而“爱上某人”是lose one's heart to sb。
错句：traditional open fires are too often inefficient and draughty, losing most of their heat into the surrounding masonry up the chimney.
纠正：traditional open fires are too often inefficient and draughty, wastefully directing most of their heat into the surrounding masonry up the chimney.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的losian，意为失去，消失；最初源自原始日耳曼语的aulsa，意为军队被打散。
- lose:lose vt. 遗失, 浪费, 错过, 输去, 使失去, 使迷路, 使沉溺于vi. 受损失, 失败 英英解释:动词lose:1. fail to keep or to maintain; cease…