bother

  核心词汇  
['bɒðə(r)]     ['bɑːðər]    
  • v.烦扰;使恼怒;使不安;费心
  • n.麻烦;烦扰;焦急
bothered bothered bothering bothers
new

bother是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 打扰,烦扰,打搅,纠缠,麻烦,给...找麻烦 ,添麻烦,使…烦恼,使…恼怒,使...心烦,使...厌烦
  2. 困扰
  3. 使迷惑,使糊涂,使困惑,使伤脑筋,使不安
  4. <英口>让…见鬼去
  5. [通常用于否定句]麻烦,费心,烦心,操心,尽力
  6. 烦恼,担心,焦急(后跟about)
n.(名词)
  1. 烦恼,恼怒,忧虑,纠缠,纠纷,吵闹
  2. 讨厌的人,使人烦恼的人, 令人烦恼的人或事物,麻烦的事物
  3. 尽心,努力,劳神
  4. 烦恼的原因 ,引起麻烦的人或事物
  5. <英口><俚>(尤指青少年穿笨重靴子进行的)殴斗,打群架,暴力行为;威胁行为;骚乱
int.(感叹词)
  1. 讨厌!去你的!
  2. 真讨厌!胡诌!
  3. 表示对某事或某人烦恼

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 打扰,烦扰,搅扰,使恼怒 give trouble to; cause inconvenience to oneself; trouble oneself
  2. vt. & vi. 迷惑,把…弄糊涂; (使)不安,(使)紧张 worry sth
n.(名词)
  1. [U]麻烦,不便,忧虑 trouble, inconvenience
  2. [C]令人烦恼的人或事物; 引起麻烦的人或事物 the anxiety caused by small matters and lasting a short time
  3. [U]努力 effort
  4. [U]斗殴; 暴力行为 fighting or public disorder

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an angry disturbance;

    "he didn't want to make a fuss"
    "they had labor trouble"
    "a spot of bother"

  2. something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness;

    "washing dishes was a nuisance before we got a dish washer"
    "a bit of a bother"
    "he's not a friend, he's an infliction"

Verb:
  1. take the trouble to do something; concern oneself;

    "He did not trouble to call his mother on her birthday"
    "Don't bother, please"

  2. cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations;

    "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"
    "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"

  3. to cause inconvenience or discomfort to;

    "Sorry to trouble you, but..."

  4. intrude or enter uninvited;

    "Don't bother the professor while she is grading term papers"

  5. make nervous or agitated;

    "The mere thought of her bothered him and made his heart beat faster"

  6. make confused or perplexed or puzzled

bother的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I've no time to bother with such things.
    我没时间为这种事烦恼。
  2. Don't write anything that will bother the censor.
    你可别写什么给检查员找麻烦的话。
  3. It bothers me that he can be so insensitive.
    他这样麻木不仁,我心里很不痛快。
  4. The problem has been bothering me for weeks.
    那问题已经困扰了我几个星期。
  5. Don't bother about such trifles.
    这丁点儿事不必放在心上。
  6. He could produce excellent work but usually he can't be bothered.
    他其实可以把工作做好,可他往往嫌费事而不干。
  7. Don't bother yourself about me,I am doing quite well.
    别为我操心,我一切都好。
  8. He didn't even bother to say thank you.
    他甚至连说一声谢谢都不肯。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Oh,would you mind? I hate to be a bother.
    哦,你不介意吗?我不愿麻烦别人。
  2. We're having a spot of bother with the new machine.
    我们的新机器有一点小毛病。
  3. I am afraid it was a bother for you to do this.
    恐怕做这件事太麻烦你了。
  4. I like cooking, I do it without any bother.
    我喜欢做饭,一点儿也不嫌麻烦。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You needn't bother; I can lock the door.
    你不必担心,我会锁门的。
  2. Thank you, but please don't bother.
    谢谢,但请你不要费事了。
  3. Shall I call a doctor? —Please don't bother.
    要不要去请大夫? ——请不要费事了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The children stopped bothering their father.
    孩子们停止搅扰他们的父亲。
  2. He comes bothering me day after day.
    他天天来打扰我。
  3. I am sorry to bother you.
    打扰你了,我很抱歉。
  4. Could I bother you a moment, please?I need your advice.
    能打扰一下吗?我需要向你请教。
  5. Don't bother me just now!
    在这个时候不要打扰我。
  6. Don't bother her. She is preparing for the final examination.
    不要打扰她。她正准备期末考试。
  7. Don't bother me,O.K.?Just let me live out my life in peace and in private.
    别打扰我了,好不好?就让我一个人安安宁宁地度过后半辈子吧。
  8. That doesn't bother me; it's quite simple.
    这很简单,不会把我搞糊涂的。
  9. That complicated problem can't bother me.
    那个复杂的问题不至于把我弄糊涂。
  10. The odd stories about her whereabouts bothered me.
    关于她的去向的种种离奇说法使我困惑不解。
  11. Bother the lot of you!Go away at once!
    你们这班讨厌的家伙!赶快滚吧!
  12. If things get any worse you will have to come home, and bother the money.
    假使情况变糟,你就回家,别考虑钱了。
  13. 用于be ~ed结构
  14. I'm still bothered by a cold.
    我的伤风还没好。
  15. She is also a little bothered,I think, because the servant is going to leave.
    我看,她也有点被弄得心烦意乱,因为仆人要走。
  16. The famous movie star could hardly walk down the street without being bothered.
    这位著名的影星在街上走,总是有人来麻烦。
  17. I told them his address and how to find him, but they couldn't be bothered,
    我把他的地址告诉他们,还告诉他们如何才能到达,可是他们却怕麻烦,不当一回事。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Why bother asking if you're not really interested?
    如果你不是真的感兴趣,干吗费口舌打听呢?
  2. Why should we bother waiting any longer?
    我们为什么还要等呢?
S+~+to- v
  1. You don't bother to get dinner for me today; I'll eat out.
    今天,不要麻烦为我预备晚饭了,我要在外边吃。
  2. You needn't bother to come here.
    你不必麻烦到这儿来。
  3. You needn't bother to ask me.
    你不必费事来问我了。
  4. You needn't bother to explain.Needless to say, we believe you — because we believe in you.
    不必解释了,因为我们信赖你,当然也就相信你的话。
  5. Don't bother to bring the bag back; I don't need it.
    用不着把袋子拿回来了,我没用了。
  6. I shan't bother to send in the manuscript; it's sure to be rejected.
    稿子肯定不会被接受,我犯不着去投。
  7. Don't bother to move. I think I can just brush past.
    不必麻烦动了,我想我能擦身挤进去。
  8. Don't bother to buy cupboards; I am arranging to have them built in.
    不要费心去购买食橱了,我正准备把它们做成壁橱。
  9. He never even bothered to acknowledge her presence.
    他甚至对她的在场未予理会。
  10. John did not even bother to be polite.
    约翰甚至连礼貌也不讲了。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. You needn't bother what you will eat.
    你不必担心吃什么。
  2. We needn't bother when it happened.
    我们不必操心那是何时发生的。
  3. You needn't bother how it took place.
    你不必担心那是怎样发生的。
  4. You needn't bother how I did it.
    你不必担心我是如何做的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. That man is always bothering me to lend him money.
    那个人总是烦我借钱给他。
  2. The boy is bothering his father to tell him another story.
    那个男孩正闹他的父亲给他再讲一个故事。
  3. Don't bother yourself to answer the letter.
    你不必费事回这封信。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. If you can't be bothered to move,I will have to fetch it myself.
    如果你懒得动,我只好自己走了。
用作感叹语
  1. Oh bother, I 've forgotten my pen.
    糟糕,我忘记带钢笔了。
  2. Oh, bother him. He's never around when you need him.
    哎呀,他可真讨厌,需要他的时候从来都找不到他。
  3. Bother! I've left my wallet at home.
    真烦人,我把钱包落家里了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The bother came along that I was at a loss.
    这乱子突然发生,使我不知所措。
  2. Some people refer all the bother to bad luck instead of lack of ability.
    有些人把自己所有的苦恼都归咎于运气不佳,而不认为是缺乏能力。
  3. Did you have much bother finding her house?
    找到她的家你费心了吗?
  4. She packed all the clothes in after too much bother.
    她费了好大的劲才把所有的衣服都塞了进去。
  5. I'm afraid I am causing you too much bother.
    我担心我给你增添太多的麻烦。
  6. He felt it was his duty to help others when they had too much bother.
    他认为在别人有困难的时候予以帮助是自己的责任。
  7. Life is full of bother.
    生活中充满着使人烦恼的事。
  8. It's no bother at all.
    没有什么麻烦的。
  9. The building of the dam is going forward without any bother.
    大坝建设工程进展顺利。
  10. Gardening takes more bother than it's worth.
    种那些花草要花费很多的心血,不值得。
  11. Laughter charmed away a lot of bother.
    笑使人消除许多烦恼。
  12. This car has caused me a lot of bother.
    这辆车给我带来不少麻烦。
  13. He is just laying up a lot of bother for himself.
    他在给自己添麻烦。
  14. I hope my son will not give you a lot of bother.
    我希望我儿子不会给你带来太多的麻烦。
  15. There was a spot of bother here today.
    今天这里出了点事。
  16. You are quite a bother to the family.
    你给这个家庭带来了麻烦。
  17. Who knows what a bother may ensue from overpopulation?
    谁知道人口过剩会带来什么麻烦?
  18. Free you from a bother.
    摆脱你心中的不安。
  19. What a bother! We've missed the bus.
    真烦人,我们误了公共汽车。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
bother about( v.+prep. )
  1. 担心 worry bother about sb/sth

    There is nothing the matter; I wish you wouldn't bother about me.不要紧,请别为我操心。

    She never bothered about clothes.她从不为穿着烦心。

    You should keep your mind on the task, not bother about personal gains or losses.你应该把心思放在工作上,不要患得患失。

    bother sb/sth about sth

    Don't bother your head about such matters.不要对于这类事伤脑筋啦。

    Calen doesn't bother himself about such matters.对于这类事,盖伦不会去操心。

    Why do you bother yourself about such trifles?你何必为这样的琐事操心呢?

    She never bothers herself about clothes.她从不在穿着上费心思。

  2. 麻烦 take trouble bother about sth

    He never bothered about his breakfast and he'll eat what is left over.他从不为他的早餐费事,剩什么他就吃什么。

    bother about v-ing

    〔说明〕 about常可省略。

    You needn't bother about coming up; I'll look after him.你不用来了,我会照料他。

    She didn't bother about feeding the baby.她没有费心喂婴儿。

    Don't bother taking him to any more hospitals.用不着再把他送到别的什么医院。

    We never bother asking for anything from that boss.我们从来就无求于那个老板。

    He didn't bother looking up at her.他甚至不高兴抬起头来看她一眼。

    bother about wh-clause

    I didn't bother about what you do.我不麻烦你做什么。

bother with (v.+prep.)
  1. 打扰,烦扰 cause trouble to, worry bother with sb/sth

    Don't bother with it.不要为此事费心。

    He has no time to bother with trifles.他没时间去处理这些琐事。

    Don't bother with the washing-up.洗碗碟的事你就别管了。

    Don't bother with the letters; they are not urgent.不要为这些信件操心,它们不是急件。

    I don't think I'll bother with anything; I'll be dining out.不必费事为我做饭了,我到外面吃去。

    He told us not to bother with him.他让我们别为他费心。

    bother sb with sth

    Don't bother me with little thing like that.别让那些小事打扰我。

    I can't bother him with my little affairs.我不能因为自己的区区小事去麻烦他。

    I am sorry I have bothered you with so many questions.真抱歉,我用这么多的问题打扰了你。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I can't be bothered with all those sorts of things.我不能为这类事烦扰。

用作名词 (n.)
bother about
  1. 为…操心 trouble

    Don't go to any special bother about the dinner. 有什么吃什么,别为我特别准备了。

get into a bother
  1. 陷入麻烦 get into trouble

    Don't get into such a bother about small matters. 不要为这些小事而操心。

    The captain was always devising how to get into a bother. 船长总是设法找麻烦。

look for bother
  1. 找麻烦 make trouble

    The gang have gone out looking for bother. 那帮家伙出去找机会惹事了。

    That foolish fellow is looking for bother. 那个愚蠢的家伙在自找麻烦。

    Joe often gets into fights because he is always looking for bother. 乔常跟人家打架,因为他总是惹麻烦。

    It's too soon yet to look for bother. 要想找麻烦那还太早。

    He has been observed to look for bother in every possible way. 人们注意到他老是制造麻烦。

    I forbid you to look for bother here. 我不许你在这儿捣乱。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • One had better save oneself the bother of thinking too.

    出自:J. Galsworthy
  • It's no bother. It's the 'short times' that are the bother.

    出自:G. Greene.
  • It was a bother to cook anything.

    出自:B. Pym

bother的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 表示“打扰或麻烦某人时”,可用bother…with/about….

    Don't bother your father about it now.
    现在先不要麻烦你的父亲。

  2. bother表示“费心”时,有多种表达方法,而且多用否定句式。bother (oneself) to do是不定式。bother (oneself) about后面跟名词或动名词。

    Don't bother to answer this.
    不要费心去答复它。

    Don't bother about answering this.

  3. have bother (in)…(担心做某事)结构中,in后面要接名词或动名词,常可省略in。

    I didn't have much bother (in) getting him to go with me.
    我不担心找他和我一起去。

v.(动词)
  1. bother的基本意思是“打扰”“搅扰”,指使人受到烦扰或在精神上烦恼; 尤指把某人弄得焦急不安,心烦意乱,心情不能平静或专一,在句中多半用于否定结构。
  2. bother在表示“烦扰”“烦恼”时,除人体的head, brain, heart等或由人组成的机构、组织以及个别俚语(如bother the record)以外, bother一般不用事实作直接宾语; bother着重“打扰”行为的本身,而不指由此而产生的“烦躁”“不安”状态,因此表达“感觉烦躁”这个意思时,不能说I feel bothered.而应说I feel restless.
  3. bother可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。表示“某事或某人使某人操心或焦急”时以“原因”为主语,以人为宾语;表示“为某事而操心或焦急”时以人作主语,“某事”则由with或about引出。在全否定句中,bother可接动词不定式或动名词(可认为其前省略了介词about)作宾语,两者意思上无明显差别。bother还可接以动词不定式充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。bother可用于被动结构,语气要比主动结构时稍强。
  4. bother在口语中还可用作感叹语,意为“讨厌”,表示不耐烦或厌恶的感叹。
  5. 下面7个句子意思都是一样的:

    Don't bother to get dinner for me.Don't bother getting dinner for me.Don't bother about getting dinner for me.Don't bother with dinner for me.Don't bother yourself to get dinner for me.Don't bother yourself getting dinner for me.Don't bother yourself about getting dinner for me.请不要为我费事做饭。

n.(名词)
  1. bother作“麻烦”“不便”“忧虑”解时是不可数名词; 作“令人烦恼的人或事物”“引起麻烦的人或事物”解时是可数名词,其前可加不定冠词。
  2. bother也可作“努力”解,是不可数名词。
  3. bother在作“斗殴”“暴力行为”解时,多用在英式英语的非正式口语中。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
bother, annoy, disturb, interfere, interrupt, trouble, worry
这组词的共同意思是“干扰”“使烦恼”。其区别是:
1.bother指扰乱某人心绪而使之不安,强调动作而不是心理,它表示暂时的、无关紧要的“困扰”“烦恼”或者是向别人请教或请求帮忙,须表示客气时,其主语多为人。例如:
Don't bother,I can do it myself.不用麻烦,我自己来做。
I can't be bothered with all that sort of things.我不能为这类事烦扰。
I am sorry to bother you, but can you tell me how to do it?很抱歉,打扰一下,能告诉我怎么做吗?
2.annoy的意思更强调“使烦恼”,意味较轻。例如:
These flies are annoying me.这些苍蝇真使我心烦。
He was annoyed to learn that the train would be delayed.他听说火车要晚点,心里感到烦恼。
3.disturb也可指扰乱某人心绪而使之不安或妨碍工作进行,其主语多是焦虑、失望、困惑等情感因素。例如:
Heavy truck traffic disturbed the neighbourhood.重型卡车的来来往往扰乱了这一带的安宁。
It disturbs me profoundly that you so misuse your talents.你如此滥用自己的才能,使我深感不安。
His passion for his cause disturbed me.他对事业的热情使我焦虑不安。
4.irritate也有“使烦恼”的意思,其意味较重,时间较短。例如:
He was irritated by a person.他为某人所激怒。
His words irritated me.他的话使我很生气。
The slowness of the traffic irritated a person in a hurry.车辆行驶得慢往往使有急事的人恼火。
5.interfere强调干预、干扰他人的手段与动作,并有影响。例如:
As he is always interfering,I told him to mind his own business.因为他常来指手划脚,所以我让他少管闲事。
I have the right to interfere.我有干预的权力。
If you had not interfered,I should have finished my work by now.要不是你打扰我的话,我现在早已完成了我的工作。
6.interrupt多指由于某种外界因素而停下来,中断其连续性或为了某种目的而停下来,但不表明这种停止是否会继续下去。例如:
He interrupted to state that he had seen no evidence of this.他插话说,他没有见到过这方面的证据。
Don't interrupt the speaker, ask your questions afterwards.不要打断人家的发言,有问题过后再问。
Footsteps on the staircase interrupted his train of thought.楼梯上传来脚步声,打断了他的思路。
7.trouble表示的意义很广泛,事无巨细,并且比较正式。例如:
Could I trouble you to open the window?麻烦你开一下窗好吗?
It troubled us that they didn't write off their plans.令我们担心的是他们没有写下他们的计划。
I'm sorry to trouble you, but I wondered if we could have a word some time.很遗憾要打扰你一下,我想问一问我们什么时候能聊聊。
I'm troubled by the doctor's report.医生的诊断结果颇令我焦急。
8.worry表示不必要的、于事无补的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
The boy was always worrying me for more money.这孩子总是缠着我要钱。
Don't worry, tomorrow will be better.别担心,明天会好些的。
I'm worried that I'll fail in the exam.我很担心考试不及格。
n.(名词)
bother, trouble, worry
这组词的共同意思是“打扰”,用作名词时其区别在于:
1.bother表示暂时的、无关紧要的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
They had quite a lot of bother getting here because of the fog.因为有雾,所以他们费了很大的劲才找到这儿来。
2.worry表示不必要的、于事无补的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
Money is just one of our worries.钱只是我们的烦恼事之一。
3.trouble表示的意义很广泛,事无巨细,并且比worry和bother更正式一些。例如:
The old lady next door was telling me all her troubles.隔壁的老太太正在对我诉说她的种种烦恼。
bother disturb trouble annoy irritate vex
这些动词均有“使人不安或烦恼”之意。
  • bother:bother指使人烦恼而引起的紧张不安或感到不耐烦。
  • disturb:disturb较正式用词,多用被动态。指扰乱,使人不能平静或妨碍别人工作、思维或正常秩序,是程度较深的烦恼。
  • trouble:trouble指给人在行动上带来不便或在身心上造成痛苦。
  • annoy:annoy强调因被迫忍受令人不快、讨厌的事而失去平静或耐心,多指一时的打扰或恼怒。
  • irritate:irritate语气比annoy强得多,指激怒,使发怒,多指一种短时间的反应。
  • vex:vex侧重指因不断的干扰而引起的烦恼,有时含激怒的意味。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我担心给你增添了太多的麻烦。

    I'm afraid I am causing you too many bothers.

    I'm afraid I am causing you too much bother.

  2. 这真是件让我们伤脑筋的事。

    It is quite bother to us.

    It is quite a bother to us.

    bother作“麻烦”“困难”解时,是不可数名词; 作“令人烦恼的事物”“讨厌的人”解时,是单数可数名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1718年英进入语,直接源自英格兰语的pother;最初源自爱尔兰语的bodhairim,意为震聋。

bother的相关资料:

正版词典

bother : 打扰,麻烦 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • bother:bother vt. 烦扰, 打扰vi. 烦恼, 操心n. 麻烦, 烦扰v. 打扰习惯用语bother (oneself) about (=bother one's head about) 为...而…

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