doom

  核心词汇  
[duːm]     [duːm]    
  • n. 毁灭;厄运;判决;死亡
  • vt. 注定;判定
doomed doomed dooming dooms
new

doom的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 注定; 判定 condemn sb to some fate
n. (名词)
  1. [U]厄运,劫数 a terrible fate; unavoidable destruction or death

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an unpleasant or disastrous destiny;

    "everyone was aware of the approaching doom but was helpless to avoid it"
    "that's unfortunate but it isn't the end of the world"

Verb:
  1. decree or designate beforehand;

    "She was destined to become a great pianist"

  2. pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law;

    "He was condemned to ten years in prison"

  3. make certain of the failure or destruction of;

    "This decision will doom me to lose my position"

doom的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dictator met his doom after ten years of rule.
    独裁者统治了十年终於完蛋了。
  2. The slightest miscalculations in trajectory can spell doom for a successful space mission .
    对轨道的细小的计算错误可以意味着对成功的太空任务的灭顶之灾。
  3. She had then offered him the chance to baffle his doom.
    当时她向他提供战胜厄运的机会。
  4. The doom which I have passed upon her is irrevocable
    我对她下的判决是不能挽回的。
  5. Next we took a mine cart ride, a la Temple of Doom.
    我们玩得下一个游戏是死亡之庙的矿车之旅。
  6. He's sent you and your dead knights to meet their doom,Darion.
    他是把你和你的死亡骑士们引向灭亡,达里安!
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Everyone is doomed to die.
    每个人都是注定要死的。
  2. The prisoner was doomed to death.
    那名囚犯被判死刑。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Bad weather doomed the crops.
    坏天气注定了庄稼要歉收。
  2. The action doomed his efforts.
    这一行动注定他的努力要失败。
  3. 1
  4. The plan was doomed by their refusal to give it any financial support.
    由于他们拒绝给予任何资助,该计划注定要失败。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The report on our economic situation is full of doom and gloom.
    这份关于我们经济状况的报告,充满了令人绝望和沮丧的调子。
  2. In the room there was a sense of Hitler's doom having been sealed.
    在房间里,人人都觉得希特勒已经劫数难逃。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
doom to (v.+prep.)
    注定; 判定 condemn sb to some fate
    doom sb/sth to sth

    The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment.

    法庭判处被告长期监禁。

    All wrongdoers are doomed to come to grief.

    一切为非作歹的人都注定没有好下场。

    From the start, the plan was doomed to failure.

    这个计划从一开始就注定要失败。

    The criminal was doomed to death.

    罪犯被判死刑。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~

经典引文

  • He revised the whole code of Anglo-Saxon law, and compiled a new book of dooms.

    出自: J. Lingard
  • There the equall Judge..dooms each voice aright.

    出自: P. Fletcher

doom的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. doom的基本意思是“命中注定”,指势必要遭受无情的力量所强加的、无法逃避的惩罚; 也可指司法机关对行为不当或犯有错误的人的“判决”。
  2. doom只用作及物动词,通常接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. doom的过去分词doomed可用如形容词,在句中作表语,表示“命中注定的”。
n. (名词)
  1. doom指一个人注定要遇到的结局或状况,尤指难以逃脱的厄运。

词义辨析

destiny,fate,lot,doom,luck,fortune
  • 这些名词均有“命运”或“运气”之意。
  • destiny普通用词,侧重预先注定的命运,对未来命运的美好憧憬。
  • fate较庄严用词,多指不幸的命运,暗示不可避免,令人畏惧和人的意志无法改变,宿命论色彩较浓。
  • lot多指偶然的运气或终身遭受的不幸命运。
  • doom指最终的,常常是灾难性或毁灭性的命运,隐含不可避免的意味。
  • luck普通日常用词,指好的或坏的运气,尤多指好运气,有时也指成功或愉快的结局。
  • fortune普通用词,指由机会或运气来决定的一种命运,如暗示一种比fate好的运气或一种愉快的未来。
  • sentence,condemn,judge,convict,doom
  • 这些动词均含有“判决、宣判”之意。
  • sentence法律用词,指根据罪犯所犯罪行的轻重而宣判处罚。
  • condemn指法院对审理结束的案件做出的定罪判刑。
  • judge指对案件作出审理判决,但判决内容较笼统,不如sentence和condemn使用广泛。
  • convict法律用词,指审判后判定有罪,但未作最后判决。
  • doom书面用词,指郑重他宣判某人有罪。
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