close

  基本词汇  
[kləʊs]     [kloʊs]    
  • v.关;合拢;不开放;停业;结束;收盘;(使)缩小;牢牢握住或抓住;(使)靠拢;同意;短兵相接
  • adj.亲近的;近的;几乎的;闷热的;严密的;紧凑的;剪得很短的;守口如瓶的;吝啬的;势均力敌的
  • adv.接近;靠近;紧紧地
  • n.死胡同;完结;结论
closely closer closest closeness closed closed closing closes
new

close是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 完结,结束,终止
  2. 关闭,关上,闭合
  3. 靠近,挨近,接近
  4. 塞,塞住
  5. 盖,盖上,合上
  6. 锁闭,封闭
  7. 隔绝
  8. 停闭
  9. 散会
  10. 靠岸
  11. 结清
  12. 商定
  13. 靠拢,使靠拢
  14. 使愈合
  15. 打烊
  16. 缩小,变小,变窄
  17. 愈合
  18. 收盘
  19. 合拢
  20. 歇业,停业,倒闭
adj.(形容词)
  1. 闷热的,闷气的
  2. 密切的
  3. 严密的
  4. 紧密的
  5. 亲密的,亲近的
  6. 势均力敌的
  7. 狭窄的,窄狭的
  8. <口>秘密的,不公开的
  9. 紧身的
  10. <口>吝啬的
  11. 关闭着的,密闭的,严丝合缝的
  12. 局促的
  13. 吻合的
adv.(副词)
  1. 接近,差不多
  2. 紧密地
  3. 精密地
  4. 细密地
  5. 秘密地
  6. 亲密地
  7. 仔细
  8. 靠近,紧挨着,不远地
  9. 在附近
  10. 几乎
n.(名词)
  1. 终结,结束,完结,终,终止
  2. 院子
  3. <英>死路
  4. 【音】终止(法)
  5. 结尾复纵线(∥)
  6. 肉搏(战),白刃战
  7. 围地,围场,围墙内
  8. 学校场院
  9. 小路
  10. 末尾
  11. 大教堂所属的周围场地及建筑物
  12. 收盘价

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使某物)关,关闭 (cause sth) move so as to cover an opening; shut
  2. vt. & vi. 终止 come to an end
adj.(形容词)
  1. 接近的 near in space or time
  2. [A]关系亲密的 near in relation
  3. 中间无空隙的,浓缩的,挤紧的 with little or no space between; dense; compact
  4. 势均力敌的 (of a competition, game, etc.) in which the competitors are almost equal
  5. 仔细的,彻底的,详细的 careful; thorough; detailed
adv.(副词)
  1. 中间无空隙地,位置接近地 leaving little space between a close position
n.(名词)
  1. [S]终结,结束,末尾 end of a period of time or an activity

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
close : 接近(的) ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 结算;收市 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 接近(的) ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 收盘,闭市 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 结算,收市 ...
close : 关,关闭; ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 接近(的) ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 关, 关闭, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
close : 成交 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
close : 结尾 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the temporal end; the concluding time;

    "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"
    "the market was up at the finish"
    "they were playing better at the close of the season"

  2. the last section of a communication;

    "in conclusion I want to say..."

  3. the concluding part of any performance

Adjective:
  1. at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other;

    "close to noon"
    "how close are we to town?"
    "a close formation of ships"

  2. close in relevance or relationship;

    "a close family"
    "we are all...in close sympathy with..."
    "close kin"
    "a close resemblance"

  3. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;

    "near neighbors"
    "in the near future"
    "they are near equals"
    "his nearest approach to success"
    "a very near thing"
    "a near hit by the bomb"
    "she was near tears"
    "she was close to tears"
    "had a close call"

  4. rigorously attentive; strict and thorough;

    "close supervision"
    "paid close attention"
    "a close study"
    "kept a close watch on expenditures"

  5. marked by fidelity to an original;

    "a close translation"
    "a faithful copy of the portrait"
    "a faithful rendering of the observed facts"

  6. (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched;

    "a close contest"
    "a close election"
    "a tight game"

  7. crowded;

    "close quarters"

  8. lacking fresh air;

    "a dusty airless attic"
    "the dreadfully close atmosphere"
    "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke"

  9. of textiles;

    "a close weave"
    "smooth percale with a very tight weave"

  10. strictly confined or guarded;

    "kept under close custody"

  11. confined to specific persons;

    "a close secret"

  12. fitting closely but comfortably;

    "a close fit"

  13. used of hair or haircuts;

    "a close military haircut"

  14. giving or spending with reluctance;

    "our cheeseparing administration"
    "very close (or near) with his money"
    "a penny-pinching miserly old man"

  15. inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information;

    "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it"

Adverb:
  1. near in time or place or relationship;

    "as the wedding day drew near"
    "stood near the door"
    "don't shoot until they come near"
    "getting near to the true explanation"
    "her mother is always near"
    "The end draws nigh"
    "the bullet didn't come close"
    "don't get too close to the fire"

  2. in an attentive manner;

    "he remained close on his guard"

Verb:
  1. move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;

    "Close the door"
    "shut the window"

  2. become closed;

    "The windows closed with a loud bang"

  3. cease to operate or cause to cease operating;

    "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"
    "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."
    "close up the shop"

  4. finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.);

    "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board"

  5. come to a close;

    "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin"

  6. complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement;

    "We closed on the house on Friday"
    "They closed the deal on the building"

  7. be priced or listed when trading stops;

    "The stock market closed high this Friday"
    "My new stocks closed at $59 last night"

  8. engage at close quarters;

    "close with the enemy"

  9. cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop

  10. change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact

  11. come together, as if in an embrace;

    "Her arms closed around her long lost relative"

  12. draw near;

    "The probe closed with the space station"

  13. bring together all the elements or parts of;

    "Management closed ranks"

  14. bar access to;

    "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"

  15. fill or stop up;

    "Can you close the cracks with caulking?"

  16. unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of;

    "close the circuit"
    "close a wound"
    "close a book"
    "close up an umbrella"

  17. finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead;

    "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning"

close的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. If you close your eyes, you can't see anything.
    如果你闭上眼睛,就什么也看不见了。
  2. The road was closed to traffic for two days.
    这条路已经封路两天了。
  3. The hospital closed at the end of last year.
    这所医院去年年底关闭。
  4. He closed his speech with a funny joke.
    他用一则有趣的笑话结束了演讲。
  5. Shares leapt in value from 476p to close at 536p.
    股价从476便士猛涨到收盘536便士。
  6. These measures are aimed at closing the gap between the rich and the poor.
    这些措施旨在缩小贫富差距。
  7. She closed her hand over his.
    她牢牢抓住他的手不放。
  8. Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.
    管理员使队伍靠拢,将捣乱者清除出去
  9. Tim seemed to make up his mind to close with this proposal.
    提姆看上去已经下定决心同意这项提议。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I believe you and he were very close friends.
    我相信你和他是亲密无间的朋友。
  2. The church is close to the school.
    教堂在学校附近。
  3. There is nothing for it but to keep her under close watch.
    没有任何别的办法,只好把她置于严密的监视之下。
  4. This close italic print is very hard on the eyes.
    看这种排得很紧的斜体字,很伤人的眼睛。
  5. She kept close about the information and none found out.
    她对这个信息守口如瓶,没有人发现。
  6. She's always been very close with her money.
    她用钱总是很吝啬。
  7. It was a close match. But you deserved to win, and you did.
    这是一场势均力敌的比赛,不过你应该赢,而你确实也赢了。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. They live quite close.
    他们住得很近.
  2. He came close but she drew back.
    他一步步靠近,而她却一步步向后退。
  3. The girl pressed close to her mother.
    小女孩紧紧地挤在母亲身边。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He soon brought the meeting to a close.
    他很快就结束了会见。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The door closed quietly.
    门无声地关上了。
  2. This lid of the box doesn't close properly.
    这箱子的盖子盖不拢。
  3. What time do the shops close?
    商店何时关门?
  4. None of the shops in the town is closing tomorrow.
    明天城里的商店都营业。
  5. Several markets in the city closed for lack of produce to sell.
    城里的几家商场无货可售关掉了。
  6. Her lips closed firmly.
    她的嘴唇紧闭着。
  7. At eleven the meeting closed.
    会议于十一时结束。
  8. Many flowers open in the morning and close at night.
    很多花早上开晚上谢。
  9. To close, I am enclosing a note to her.
    最后,随信附上短信一封,请转交给她。
  10. That stock closed last night at ten dollars on the stock exchange.
    那种股票昨晚在交易所收盘时的售价是10美元。
  11. His pursuers closed rapidly.
    他的追赶者很快地接近了他。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. The door closed tight.
    门关得很紧。
  2. Stocks closed irregular today.
    今天股市收盘时很不平坦。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Would you please close the door?
    请把门关上好吗?
  2. Tom closed the door softly behind him.
    汤姆轻轻地把门带上。
  3. They closed the shop.
    他们关闭了店铺。
  4. Close your books and listen to me carefully.
    把书合上,认真听我讲。
  5. She closed her eyes.
    她闭上眼睛。
  6. She closed the piano without noise and rose.
    她轻轻地关上钢琴,立起身来。
  7. We always close business at 10 p.m.
    我们总是晚上10点停止营业。
  8. They may be forced to close the local hospital.
    他们可能要被迫关闭当地医院。
  9. As soon as the bell rang he closed his speech.
    铃一响,他的演讲就结束了。
  10. He closed his speech abruptly.
    他突然终止了演说。
  11. After John makes up his mind, he closes the door to any more argument.
    约翰拿定主意,不再受任何蛊惑。
  12. The President's veto closed the door to any attempt to pass the bill.
    总统的否决使通过法案的企图成为泡影。
  13. The club has closed its doors to new members.
    俱乐部不再接纳新会员。
  14. We mustn't close our eyes to those facts.
    我们不应该闭眼不看这些事实。
  15. 用于be ~ed结构
  16. The theater was closed by the police.
    那个戏院被警察查封了。
  17. When we called, the house was closed and the blinds drawn.
    我们去拜访时,屋子是关着的,百叶窗帘也拉了下来。
  18. The matter is closed.
    事情结束了。
  19. My mouth is closed.
    我无话可说。
  20. At dawn, the breach was closed at last. The flood waters were locked in the river-bed.
    黎明的时候,决口终于合拢了,洪水只好顺着河床奔流。
  21. The shop is closed for a week.
    这家商店停止营业一星期。
  22. The question is now closed and there will be no further discussion.
    问题已经解决了,今后不再讨论。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. I shall become your close neighbour soon.
    我就要成为你们的近邻了。
  2. First cousins are considered close relations.
    表兄妹属于近亲。
  3. They aren't married, but they have a pretty close relationship.
    他们没有结婚,但关系很密切。
  4. They have been close friends since childhood.
    他们从童年就是好朋友。
  5. I believe you and he were very close friends.
    我相信你和他是密友。
  6. Lewis was my closest acquaintance.
    路易斯是我最熟悉的人。
  7. We look forward to your close cooperation.
    我们期待你方的密切合作。
  8. Please make a close translation.
    翻译时请紧扣原文。
  9. They were fighting at close quarters.
    他们展开了短兵相接的战斗。
  10. The witness had not seen the man at close quarters.
    证人没有在近处看到过那人。
  11. It was a close race.
    那是一场难分难解的比赛。
  12. A close observer would have noticed it.
    若是一位细心的观察者,早就会注意到这个问题了。
  13. After close questioning, the police released the suspect.
    经过彻底盘问之后,警察释放了那个被怀疑的人。
  14. We keep a close watch on the prisoners.
    我们严密看守囚犯。
  15. When she sewed she always uses close stitches.
    她缝纫时,针脚总是很密。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The two buildings are close together.
    这两座建筑物距离很近。
  2. The game was closer than the score suggests.
    实际的比赛与所得的分数相比难分高下。
  3. He is rather close.
    他相当吝啬。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is close about it.
    关于这件事他保守秘密。
  2. They're keeping very close about the whole business.
    对于整个事情的来龙去脉,他们一直保守秘密。
  3. The examination is close at hand.
    考试临近了。
  4. It is up to the illustrator to get as close as he can to the spirit of the text.
    要求插图要尽可能地紧扣原文精神。
  5. These words are close in meaning.
    这些词意思相近。
  6. The wood is close in the grain.
    这种木头纹理细密。
  7. I'm close with her.
    我和她关系亲密。
  8. He's very close with his money.
    他用钱很吝啬。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. Keep a matter close.
    秘而不宣。
  2. He found the pursuer close at his heels.
    他发现跟踪者紧跟在他后面。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Come close so that I can see you.
    走近些,我好能看见你。
  2. Don't come too close!
    不要太靠近!
  3. I sat close behind her seat.
    我靠着她的座位后面坐下了。
  4. He sat close beside her.
    他靠近她坐下了。
  5. He sat close against the wall.
    他紧靠着墙坐下了。
  6. They sat down, close together, hand in hand.
    他们坐下,互相靠得更近,手拉着手。
  7. They live quite close.
    他们住得很近。
  8. The enemy attacks closer and closer.
    敌人的进攻越来越近了。
  9. Although he came very close, he did not win the race.
    尽管只差一点儿,他还是没有赢得比赛。
  10. The end of the year is drawing close.
    年终将届。
  11. The door doesn't shut close.
    门关不紧。
  12. He was following close behind.
    他紧紧地跟在后面。
  13. Don't follow close behind me.
    别紧跟着我。
  14. She stood close against the wall.
    她紧靠着墙站着。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The day had reached its close.
    天已经黑了。
  2. He is approaching the close of Prime Ministership.
    他的首相任期即将结束。
  3. Toward the close of the year the British achieved other victories over the Turks.
    接近年底时,英国取得了对土耳其的其他胜利。
  4. High buildings, at the close of business, pour streams of people into traffic.
    下班时,人流从高楼里涌上街头。
  5. The constitution was adopted immediately after the close of the war.
    战争一结束就通过了这部宪法。
  6. At the close of the party there were few guests who weren't drunk.
    宴会结束时,几乎没有人没喝醉。
  7. The crowd began to leave before the close of the game.
    比赛结束前人们就开始离开。
  8. He vanished mysteriously after the close of business on Saturday night.
    星期六晚上停止营业后他神秘地失踪了。
  9. She always goes for a walk at the close of the day.
    她总是黄昏时去散步。
  10. The book marks the close of the series.
    这本书是这套丛书的最后一本。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
close about〔around, round〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 渐渐包围(某物或某人) surround (sth/sb) gradually close about〔around, round〕 sb

    The mists closed about him.雾笼罩着他。

    As darkness closed about them, they decided to return home.当夜幕降临时,他们决定回家。

    The soldiers closed around him.士兵们渐渐地包围了他。

    Many dogs closed round the tiger.很多狗渐渐地把这只老虎围了起来。

close down (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)停业,(使)停产 (cause to) cease doing business close down

    Many businesses have closed down because of the recession.因经济衰退,许多企业纷纷倒闭。

    The shop closes down over each holiday period.这家商店每逢放假都要停业。

    The shop will be closing down for good on Saturday, so everything is half price.那家商店星期六要永久地关闭,所以什么东西都是半价。

    Ben is fully aware that if it is not properly managed, his shirt factory will have to close down in less than a year.本完全明白,如果不好好经营,他的衬衫厂不到一年就会倒闭。

    They will have to close down soon. Business is so bad.不久他们将不得不歇业,生意竟是这般的糟。

    close sth ⇔ down

    The government closed down the newspaper.政府封闭了报馆。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The mines had been closed down following a geological survey.继一次地质调查之后,这些矿井已被关闭了。

    The bookshop was closed down by the government.这家书店被政府关闭了。

    All schools must be closed down during the epidemic.在传染病流行期间,所有的学校必须停课。

  2. (广播电台或电视台)结束当日广播 stop broadcasting for the day close down

    This station is now closing down and we wish you all good-night.本台播音到此结束,祝大家晚安。

    The time is just after midnight and we are now closing down.时间刚过午夜,我们今日的各项广播节目到此已全部播送完毕。

    Channel 4 closes down at about midnight most evenings.4频道大多数情况下,在午夜左右停播。

  3. 逼近,降临 get closer; settle close sth ⇔ down

    The ship was closing down the harbour.那艘船正越来越接近港口。

    Darkness closed down the city.黑夜降临于该城。

close in (v.+adv.)
  1. 使关闭 cause (sth) to be shut close sth ⇔ in

    The workmen are closing in the doorway.工人正关闭出入口。

    They closed in all entrance.他们关闭了所有的入口。

    Police closed in the railway station.警察关闭了火车站。

    You cannot close in the door.你不能关门。

  2. 白昼渐短 have fewer hours of daylight close in

    The days are closing in.白天渐短。

    The days seem to be closing in very quickly this year.今年白昼似乎短得很快。

  3. 逼近,迫近(尤指为了包围或进攻),围拢 get closer (to sb/sth), especially intending to surround and attack sb/sth; gather nearer close in

    The soldiers fought desperately, but the enemy closed in from all sides.士兵们虽拼死而战,敌人还是从四面八方把他们团团围住。

    We wanted the boat to reach shore before the fog closed in.我们要让小船在浓雾起来之前靠岸。

    Darkness closed in.夜色降临了。

    close in on sb/sth

    The police arrived as the hoodlums closed in on him.几个恶棍逐渐将他团团围住时,警察到了。

    The lion closed in on the family of deer.狮子逼近了那群鹿。

    The hunters were closing in on the struggling wild boar.猎人们向在挣扎中的野猪靠拢。

    The enemy is closing in on the city.敌军正逼近这座城市。

    Poisonous gas closed in on the town.毒气渐渐笼罩了这个小镇。

  4. 使(身体的某部分)受伤 wound (part of the body) close sth ⇔ in

    The youth threatened to close the old man's face in.那年轻人威胁要打扁那个老头的脸。

    He said he will close the young man's head in.他说要把那个年轻人的脑袋打开花。

    They will close the thief's legs in.他们会把那个小偷的腿打断的。

close off (v.+adv.)
  1. 堵塞(路口等) block (sth such as an entry or road) close sth ⇔ off

    The police have closed off the streets so that the President can drive through the city free of traffic.警察封锁了街道,以便总统畅通无阻地驱车穿过城市。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The road has been closed off for repairs.这条公路因进行维修而关闭。

    The damage caused the road to be closed off for hours.这次损坏使道路停止通行达数小时之久。

close on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 威逼或围困(某人) threaten; enclose as if to imprison (sb)

    Last year's tax demands are closing on me. 要我交纳去年税款的通知逼得我喘不过气来。

  2. 逐渐包围(某人或某物) surround (sth/sb) gradually

    Sadness closed on his heart. 悲伤包围了他的心。

    Dangers close on the city. 危险笼罩着这座城市。

    The shade of evening began to close upon the scene. 暮色开始降临。

  3. 关闭(门等)时挤住,挤伤(某人) close (sth such as a door) so as to trap (sb)

    I closed on my finger and made it bleed when I close the window. 我关窗户时挤破了手指。

    He closed upon his bag when door of the bus closed. 汽车关门时把他的包夹住了。

close out (v.+adv.)
  1. 减价抛售(货物); 削价处理(货物) reduce prices of (goods) close out

    The store is closing out on Saturday.那家百货店周六减价抛售货物。

    close sth ⇔ out

    This shop is closing out everything next week.这家商店下周要降价出售所有的商品。

    These shoes are a bargain. Smith is closing them out.这些鞋子系廉价商品,史密斯正在削价出售。

close over (v.+adv.)
  1. 淹没 be covered by sth close sb/sth ⇔ over

    The wind howled and the waves closed over him.狂风怒吼,巨浪把他淹没了。

    The deep and dark tarn at my feet closed over the fragments of the House of Usher.我脚下深邃阴沉的小湖将厄谢尔古屋的断垣残墙吞没了。

    Midsummer heat closed over the city.这座城市处在盛夏的炎热之中。

close up (v.+adv.)
  1. 堵塞(某物),关闭(某物) block or shut (sth) close sth ⇔ up

    I closed up the pool, because it is dangerous.我把那个水池填死了,因为它太危险了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The road has been closed up for repairs.因为修路,那条道不通了。

  2. (使)闭合,(使)愈合 (cause to) close completely close up

    I am glad to see that the wound is closing up nicely.我高兴地看到伤口正在愈合。

    The cut on her arm soon closed up.她臂上的伤口很快就愈合了。

    These flowers close up at night.一到晚上这些花都要合拢。

    close sth ⇔ up

    This herbal ointment will help to close up your wound quickly.这种中草药膏会帮助你的伤口很快愈合。

    Close up your eyes, and draw the curtains close.合上双眼,拉上窗帘。

  3. (使)相互靠拢,(使)连接在一起 (cause to) come nearer to each other close up

    The captain ordered his men to close up.上尉命令士兵靠拢。

    If you children closed up a bit there'd be room for another on this seat.如果孩子们坐得齐一点,就可以再腾出一个座位。

    The marching men had to close up to let the oncoming convoy go past.前进的士兵不得不收缩队伍礼让迎面而来的车队驶过。

    close sth ⇔ up

    Children have to learn to close up their letters when writing.孩子们必须学会把字母写得紧凑。

  4. (使)关店 (cause to) close for the night or a short time close up

    The shop is closing up; I must ask you to leave.本店要关门了,我们必须请你们离开。

    close sth ⇔ up

    The workers went on strike and closed up all factories.工人都罢工了,所有的工厂陷于停工。

    We are closing up the house for the summer.夏季我们商号暂停营业。

    She closes the office up at 5 o'clock.她5点钟下班。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The firm has been closed up for several years.这家商号已关闭几年了。

    The shop which has been closed up for half a year was reopened last month.这家商店停业半年后,上个月又开始营业了。

  5. 〈非正〉沉默 become silent or secretive close up

    He closed up when he found he knew practically nothing about the subject under discussion.当他发现自己对所讨论的问题实际上一无所知时,就不再开口了。

    As soon as I mentioned the new appointment, the chairman closed up and refused to talk about the matter.我一提起新的任命,主席就闭口不语,拒绝谈论此事。

close with (v.+prep.)
  1. 以…结束(某事) bring (sth such as an event ) to an end with (sth) close with sth

    The conference closed with a short speech by the organizer.会议由组织者作简短发言而宣告结束。

    close sth with sth

    The priest closed the meeting with a prayer.牧师用祈祷来结束这次会议。

    She closed her speech with a funny joke.她用一个滑稽的笑话结束了讲话。

  2. 与(某人)搏斗,与(某人)交手 begin to fight with (sb) close with sb

    Soldiers closed with the enemies.士兵们和敌人交起手来。

    You cannot close with him, because he is your brother.你不可以和他动手,因为他是你兄弟。

    Don't close with him; he is a foolish man.别跟他打架,他是个傻子。

    The two armies closed with each other and started a fierce battle.两军相遇,展开了激烈的战斗。

  3. 跟(某人成交),同意(某价格) come within striking distance of (sb); agree with (sb) about an offer or price close with sb/sth

    He made me quite a reasonable offer, so I closed with him.他提出了一个十分合理的价格,所以我马上与他成交。

    The two ministers did not close with each other until the near end of the meeting.直到会议即将结束之际,两位部长才达成协议。

    After hours of talking about the price, the shopkeeper at last closed with the salesman's offer.经过数小时的讨价还价,老板终于同意了那个推销员的出价。

  4. 与某人秘密会晤 be having a private meeting with (sb) close with sb

    I'm sorry you can't go in that room; the chairman is closing with the director for an urgent meeting.对不起,你不能进那个房间,主席正跟经理进行紧急会晤。

用作形容词 (adj.)
close by
  1. 关系亲密 near in relation

    None of his relatives are close by. 他的亲戚没有一个关系密切的。

close to
  1. 离…近 near to some place

    The church is close to the shop. 教堂离商店很近。

    The factory is close to the school. 这家工厂离这所学校很近。

    Guy's house was close to the Observatory. 盖伊的房子离天文台很近。

    Our house is close to the railway station. 我们家离火车站很近。

    The moon is closer to the earth than any other body in the sky. 月亮比天上其他天体离地球近。

    It is close to fact. 这更接近于事实。

    The children are close to each other in age. 孩子们彼此的年龄很接近。

  2. 与…关系密切 having near relation with sb

    I felt very close to him. 我觉得与他很亲近。

    My high school English teacher was close to me. She was almost my best friend. 我中学的英语老师与我关系很密切,她几乎是我最好的朋友。

用作副词 (adv.)
close by
  1. 在…附近 near to some place

    The post stands close by and you can get there in a couple of minutes. 邮局就在附近,两三分钟就可以走到。

    He lives close by the church. 他住在教堂附近。

close on
  1. 几乎,差不多 almost; nearly

    Close on 100 people came. 大约来了100人。

    One calamity followed close on another. 一场灾难紧接着一场灾难。

    She is close on sixty. 她快60岁了。

    There are close on 2000 students in this university . 这所大学有近2000名学生。

    The sum was close on 1500 dollars. 钱数接近1500美元。

    It's close on midnight. 已近午夜了。

close to
  1. 将近 nearly

    The story happened close to 50 years ago. 故事发生在大约50年前。

    They have close to a thousand such “correspondents”. 他们有大约1000名这样的“记者”。

    He came close to losing his temper. 他差一点儿发脾气。

    Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing ourselves. 我们不但失去了所有的钱财,而且险些丢了性命。

    He looks much older when you see him close to. 从近处看他,他显得苍老多了。

    It is close to ten. I must be going. 快10点了,我该走了。

    The cost was close to $1 million. 成本接近100万美元。

    He is ill, clearly, but he has not yet guessed that he is close to death. 他病了,但很清楚他还没想到他快要死了。

    His speech was close to criticism of our work. 他的讲话几乎就是对我们工作的批评。

    I'm not about to stop when I'm so close to success. 我眼看要成功了,所以不愿意停下来。

close to home
  1. 触及痛处,接近事实 near to truth

    Everyone felt uncomfortable because his remarks were a little too close to home. 他的话一针见血,所以大家都感到很尴尬。

    Everyone felt that the speaker's remarks hit close to home. 大家都觉得演讲者的话很是一针见血。

close up
  1. 很近 very near in space to sb/sth

    She snuggled close up to him. 她紧紧地挨着他。

run sb/sth close
  1. 接近某人或某物 be nearly as good fast, successful, etc. as sb/sth else

    We run our competitors close for price and quality. 在价格和质量上,我们差不多都赶上我们的竞争对手了。

用作名词 (n.)
bring to a close
  1. 结束某事 finish sth

    The chairman brought the meeting to a close. 主席结束了会议。

    The ceremony was brought to a close by the singing of the national anthem. 典礼在国歌的歌声中结束。

    He soon brought the interview to a close. 他很快就结束了会晤。

    They tried to bring the war to a close. 他们竭力想结束战争。

    A concluding chapter brings the text of a book to a close. 书的结尾是一段总结文章。

come〔draw〕 to a close
  1. 结束,终止 come to an end

    This dialogue would shortly come to a close. 对话很快就要结束了。

    The negotiations came to an amicable close. 谈判已友好地结束了。

    No sooner did the meeting come to a close than he received a phone call from the company. 会议刚一结束,他就接到了公司的电话。

    The summer holiday was coming to a close. 暑假即将结束。

    The art festival came to a close yesterday. 艺术节昨天结束了。

    The Writers' Congress came to a victorious close. 作家代表大会胜利闭幕。

    As the evening came to a close, the guests went home. 夜深了,客人们都回家去了。

    The month drew to a close. 这个月结束了。

    At last I drew my visit to a close. 最后,我结束了参观。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~ ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I lay Pent in a roofless close of ragged stones.

    出自:Tennyson
  • I've brought a close carriage for him.

    出自:A. Trollope
  • They..closed him in a monastery.

    出自:W. Prynne
  • I clung to all the present for the promise that it closed.

    出自:Tennyson

close的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. close和shut的比较:两者都表示关闭的意思,大部分情况下可以互换使用。close和shut的过去分词形式都可用作形容词,但shut作形容词时不能修饰名词,可说a closed door而不可用a shut door。两者作动词时,都有“关”的解释,但用close表示这个“关”的动作相对和缓一些,如like flowers closing at night;

    I can't close/shut the window.

  2. 动词close的用法相对较为正式。
v.(动词)
  1. close的基本意思是“关”,指把处于打开状态的东西关闭起来,表示缓慢渐近的动作,也表示由此产生的结果。其宾语可以是门窗等,也可以是公路、铁路或其他交通渠道等,还可指公共设施或服务行业对外不营业。
  2. close也可作“停止”“结束”解,主要用于悬而未决的事或没有做完的事。
  3. close可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。用作不及物动词时,主动形式可含有被动意义。
  4. close有时还可用作系动词,后接形容词作表语。
  5. close可用现在进行时,表示按计划或安排即将发生的事。
  6. close的过去分词closed可用作形容词,在句中作表语。
adj.(形容词)
  1. close用作表语时的意思是“近的,接近的”,通常指空间距离极小,甚至几乎相接或者时间重合。用作定语时,用于社会关系上指直系亲属、至爱亲朋之间的紧密联系,即“亲密的,密切的”。另外, close还可指“彻底的,仔细的”“闷热的,不通风的”“势均力敌的”“秘密的,隐藏的”等。
  2. close在句中可用作定语或表语,其后常加介词to。
adv.(副词)
  1. close作副词时,意思是“中间无空隙地,接近地”,指两个人或事物在空间或时间上的相近,也可指与某一特定目标的距离接近。close还可表示“紧,紧密”,多用于指人与人之间的关系。
  2. close可修饰动态动词或其他副词,也常修饰介词短语或形容词。
n.(名词)
  1. close用作名词时意思是“结束,终止”,指一件事情或一段时间到了最后,可指某一件事情结束,也可指某一个时代的结束。
  2. close后常接介词of, 表示“…的结束”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
close, shut
这两个词的共同意思是“关闭”。其细微区别在于:
1.close指把门等关到让人不能出入的程度,只表示关上; 而shut指关严并紧紧闩住,强调与外界隔绝。例如:
  • He did not close the door when he left the room.
  • 他离开房间时没有关门。
  • Shut the door so that the cat won't get out.
  • 把门关严,别让猫跑出去。
  • The store closes at 9 p.m. every day.
  • 这家商店晚9点关门。
  • The police shut the murderer up in a cell.
  • 警方把杀人犯关进牢房。
2.表示“暂不开放”用close,表示“永不开放”用shut。例如:
The swimming pool has closed for the winter.游泳场冬天不开放。
The hotel is shut.这家旅馆不再开业了。
adj.(形容词)
close, near
这两个词的共同意思是“靠近的,接近的”。其区别是:
1.强调距离或数量上的“接近”用close更多些; 而强调关系或程度上的“接近”则用near更多些。
2.near的语气要比close弱。例如:
Near by is a department store.附近有一家百货商店。
This is a near translation.这是一篇接近原文的翻译。
close, familiar, intimate
这三个词的共同意思是“亲近,亲密”。其区别是:
familiar指经常接触,长时间的交往使彼此熟悉,亲近,甚至随便,不拘小节; close指由于感情、爱好、兴趣等方面的接近而趋于亲近,也指关系上的亲密; intimate是正式用语,指由于有某种关系(如血缘关系、朋友关系等)或深刻了解彼此的思想感情,或有共同的爱好、志向而亲近。例如:
His familiar behaviour annoys me,I don't know him at all well.他随便的态度使我很不自在,其实我和他一点也不熟悉。
They are close friends.他们是亲密的朋友。
He is on intimate terms with my father.他和我父亲的关系很亲密。
adv.(副词)
close, closely
1.这两个词在作副词时,意思有细微的差别:close作“接近,靠近”解; 而closely作“严密地,紧密地”解,表示状况。例如:
  • follow sb close 紧跟
  • follow sb closely 密切注意
2.close一般跟在动词之后,而closely可置于动词之后,也可置于其前。
3.close表示程度,修饰形容词、副词、介词或动词,而closely表示方式,修饰动词。
4.另外,两个词都有“仔细地,细心地”的意思,但closely的意味更浓一些。例如:
My daughter listened closely while Steve was reading the text.当史蒂芬读这篇课文时,我女儿仔细地听着。
They look into the matter closely.他们仔细地研究这个问题。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • a close room 不通风的房间
  • a closed room 被封闭的房间
close near nearby
这些形容词均有“接近的”之意。
  • close:close语气强于near。指时间、地点或程度方面的接近,有紧靠、相邻的意味。
  • near:near语气弱于close,也指时间或空间上的接近,但无“紧接,接触”的含义。
  • nearby:nearby指距离上很近,近在咫尺。
close shut slam
这些动词均有“关”之意。
  • close:close较多地用于正式或庄重的文体中,如关闭铁路、公路以及其它交通渠道,要用close。
  • shut:shut着重关闭的动作、过程和方式手段。
  • slam:slam象声词,指“砰的关上”,或用力关上。
close closely
都表示“接近地”、“挨近地”、“紧紧地”。
  • close:close通常放在动词之后,但在过去分词之前要用 closely。
  • 他靠门站着。
  • He was standing close to the door.
  • 我们紧跟在他后面。
  • We followed close(ly) behind him.
  • 我们在电梯里紧紧地挤在一起,我几乎不能动弹。
  • We were so closely packed in the elevator that I could hardly move.
  • closely:closely通常用于引申义,表示“仔细地”或“紧密地”。可放在动词之后或之前,或过去分词之前。
  • 他读时她仔细听着。
  • She listened closely while he read.
  • 他仔细研究过这个问题。
  • He closely studied this problem.
  • 这两件事有着紧密的联系。
  • The two events are closely connected.
complete finish end close conclude terminate accomplish
这些动词均含“结束,完成”之意。
  • complete:complete侧重指完成预定的任务或使某事完善,补足缺少的部分等。
  • finish:finish与complete基本同义,着重圆满地结束或完成已着手的事。
  • end:end最普通用词,着重事情的完成。也指某种活动因达到目的而自然结束或由于某种原因而突然中止。
  • close:close普通用词,着重行为的终止或结束,不强调其目的。
  • conclude:conclude正式用词,多指以某事或活动达到预期目的而告终。
  • terminate:terminate强调有一个空间和时间的限度,届时必须终止。书面语用词。
  • accomplish:accomplish正式用词,强调一个过程的完成;也可指依靠努力达到一定目的,或取得一定的结果。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 厂长关闭厂子两周了。

    The director closed the factory for two weeks.

    The director closed the factory two weeks ago.

    close是瞬间动词,不可与表示一段时间的状语连用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年左右进英入语,直接源自古法语的clos,意为关上;最初源自古典拉丁语的clausus,意为关上,堵塞,结束。

close的相关资料:

正版词典

close : 使关闭,封 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • close:close v. 关, 关闭, 结束, 停止, 使靠近, 靠拢, 会合, 包围n. 结束adj. 近的, 紧密的, 精密的, 齐根的, 封闭的, 亲密的, 闷气的adv. 接近, 紧密地习惯用语bre…

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