contend

  常用词汇  
[kən'tend]     [kən'tend]    
  • v. 竞争;争斗;争辩;坚决主张
contender contended contended contending contends
new

contend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 搏斗,奋斗,战斗,争斗
  2. 全力对付,对付困境,处理问题
  3. 争辩,争论,辩论,力辩
  4. 相周旋,抵抗
  5. 声称,(坚决)主张,认为,宣称,断言,坚信(...为事实)
  6. 角逐,争夺,竞争,(为...)斗争,展开斗争,争

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 争论 argue
  2. vt. 硬说 assert

英英释义

Verb:
  1. maintain or assert;

    "He contended that Communism had no future"

  2. have an argument about something

  3. to make the subject of dispute, contention, or litigation;

    "They contested the outcome of the race"

  4. come to terms with;

    "We got by on just a gallon of gas"
    "They made do on half a loaf of bread every day"

  5. compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others

  6. be engaged in a fight; carry on a fight;

    "the tribesmen fought each other"
    "Siblings are always fighting"
    "Militant groups are contending for control of the country"

contend的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Three armed groups were contending for power.
    三个武装集团在争夺权力。
  2. John has to contend with great difficulties.
    约翰得与那些艰难困苦作斗争。
  3. They have to contend against drought every year.
    他们每年都得与干旱做斗争。
  4. But the potential is simply too significant, the experts contend.
    但是专家们主张,潜力是非常重要的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+that-clause
  1. We contended that every college student must have a command of a foreign language.
    我们坚持认为每位大学生必须掌握一门外语。
  2. Columbus contended that the earth was round.
    哥伦布坚信地球是圆的。
  3. The police contended that the difficulties they faced were too severe.
    警方争辩说他们碰到的困难太大。
  4. He contended that there must be life on Mars.
    他坚信火星上面一定有生物。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
contend about (v.+prep.)
    为获得…而争吵 quarrel about (usually sth) which both parties wish to possess
    contend about sth

    Sisters contended about silly trifles.

    姐妹们为鸡毛蒜皮的小事而争吵。

    The two nations have been contending about the rights to deep-sea fishing in their waters.

    这两个国家一直为他们在水域中的深水捕鱼权问题争吵不休。

contend against (v.+prep.)
    与(天气等)抗争 struggle against (sth) with hope of success
contend for (v.+prep.)
    为获得…而竞争 try to win (sth such as a prize or trade) in competition with others
    contend for sth

    Three students contended for the prize.

    三名学生竞争这个奖品。

contend over (v.+prep.)
    争夺(某人或某物) quarrel about (usually sth) which both parties wish to possess
    contend over sb/sth

    When a marriage ends, the former husband and wife often contend over the children.

    夫妇双方在离婚后,往往会争夺子女。

    The fairy king and queen were contending over possession of the beautiful boy.

    仙王和仙后争着要占有这个英俊的孩子。

contend with (v.+prep.)
    与(某事物)抗争; 苦于应付 struggle against (sth); suffer from dealing with

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Nature and fortune..seem to have contended which should enrich him most.

    出自: Henry Fielding
  • The pulling and pushing of interested groups contending for the assistance of the sovereign power.

    出自: W. Lippmann

contend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. contend的基本意思是非敌意、平等地“争”,其对手一般是人而不是物,其手段是“文争”而不是“武斗”,其性质仅限于竞争而不是敌意,其目的仅限于制服而不是打败。本词强调为取胜而付出艰苦努力的必要性及紧张程度,引申可表示“声称”“主张”。
  2. contend作“竞争”解时是不及物动词,接介词about或over表示“为…争吵或争夺”; 接介词against表示“与…斗争或竞争”; 接介词for表示“为获得…而竞争”; 接介词with表示“应付,对付”。
  3. contend作“声称”“主张”解时是及物动词,接that从句作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
contend, compete, contest
  • 这组词的共同意思是“争论,竞争”。其区别在于:
  • compete指在体育或辩论等需竞争的活动中,为征服或取胜而进行的努力,有时暗示在奖赏的鼓励或刺激下进行竞争; 而contend暗示竞争的紧张程度,通常指双方成功的机会相等,所以,为取胜或征服对方,就需要艰苦的努力,强调奋斗或斗争的必要性; contest则指在竞争中毫无保留地展示自己,比如在总统竞选中,双方尽力展示自己的优势,以战胜对方。
  • contend, cope, fight
  • 这组词的共同意思是“争斗”。其区别在于:
  • 1.contend表示与某人对峙或对立的争斗,侧重指压倒对方的欲望或所作出的努力; cope指均等之势的抗衡、对抗,也可指面临灾难、困难或变故等; fight指精神方面的战斗及用拳头或用武器进行打斗,强调体力和勇气。
  • 2.contend和cope多用作不及物动词,后常接介词with; 而fight除可用作动词外,也可用作名词。
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