challenge

  核心词汇  
['tʃælɪndʒ]     ['tʃælɪndʒ]    
  • n.挑战;邀请比赛;盘问;质疑
  • v.向 ... 挑战;盘问;质疑
challengeable challenged challenged challenging challenges
new

challenge是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 挑战,要求决斗,邀请比赛
  2. 质疑,怀疑,质问,质询
  3. 指责
  4. 颇有作为的工作,艰巨任务,艰巨的事,难题
  5. 查问口令,盘问
  6. 【律】反对
  7. 挑战书
  8. <美>(对某一选票的效力或投票的资格表示的)异议
  9. 【医】激发(指注入抗原以激发免疫应答)
v.(动词)
  1. 怀疑,质疑,对…怀疑
  2. 反对,对...提出异议
  3. 【律】宣布反对
  4. 激发,刺激,引起
  5. 挑战,向…挑战
  6. 要求,需要,强烈建议
  7. 考查,考验(能力和技巧)
  8. 盘问,查问
  9. 吠叫
  10. 要求参加决斗、竞赛等
  11. 挑动
  12. 作出、发出或提出挑战
  13. 表示异议

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]挑战; 邀请比赛 invitation or call to sb to take part in a game, contest, fight, etc. to prove who is better, strong, more able, etc.
  2. [C]怀疑,质问; 要求 statement or action which questions or disputes sth
  3. [C]艰巨的任务 difficult, demanding or stimulating task
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 挑战 invite sb to compete against one in a fight match
  2. vt. 质疑 question the rightness or legality, etc.
  3. vt. 考验 test the abilities

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
challenge : 询问 ...
challenge : 攻毒 ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
challenge : 挑战(书) ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a demanding or stimulating situation;

    "they reacted irrationally to the challenge of Russian power"

  2. a call to engage in a contest or fight

  3. questioning a statement and demanding an explanation;

    "his challenge of the assumption that Japan is still our enemy"

  4. a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror

  5. a demand by a sentry for a password or identification

Verb:
  1. take exception to;

    "She challenged his claims"

  2. issue a challenge to;

    "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match"

  3. ask for identification;

    "The illegal immigrant was challenged by the border guard"

  4. raise a formal objection in a court of law

challenge的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The crossing of this dangerous river was a challenge to most of us.
    对我们大多数人来说,横渡这条充满危险的大河确实是个挑战。
  2. He accepted his friend's challenge to swim across the river.
    他接受朋友提出的挑战,游过这条河。
  3. He ignored the sentry's challenge to halt.
    他不理睬哨兵喝令止步的盘问。
  4. Their legal challenge was unsuccessful.
    他们的法律质疑未获成功。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Nowadays no one will challenge the fact that the earth is round.
    现在没有人会对地球是圆的这一事实提出异议。
  2. New competitors are emerging to challenge the old economic arrangements.
    新的竞争对手正在崛起,向旧的经济布局挑战。
  3. The sentry challenged the stranger at the gates.
    哨兵查问在门口的陌生人。
  4. I did not think he was right, so I challenged him.
    我认为他是不对的,因此向他提出质询。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Exploring outer space is a challenge to mankind.
    探索外太空是一项向人类发出的挑战。
  2. I accepted a challenge to a tennis match.
    我接受了网球赛的挑战。
  3. We should look upon the relative backwardness of our economy as a challenge to greater exertions.
    我们应该把我国经济的相对落后看成是要求我们做出更大努力的一种鞭策。
  4. A sentry gave the challenge,“Halt!Who goes there?”
    哨兵喝问:“站住!什么人?”
  5. He sent a challenge to run a race.
    他发出了赛跑比赛的挑战书。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I did not think he was right, so I challenged him.
    我认为他是不对的,因此向他提出质疑。
  2. The job doesn't really challenge him.
    这项工作不能真正地考验他。
  3. When I tried to enter the building, the guard at the door challenged me.
    我试图进入大楼时,卫兵查问了我。
  4. I challenged him to a game of chess.
    我要求同他下盘棋。
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. U.S. business today is challenged by aggressive overseas competitors.
    今天的美国商业受到咄咄逼人的外国竞争者的挑战。
  7. His claim to that piece of property is being challenged.
    有人就他对那份财产的声明提出异议。
  8. He was busy challenging for the leader of the club.
    他正忙于竞选争当俱乐部领导人。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. He challenged why I didn't get things ready before.
    他质问我为什么不早点准备。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I challenge you to show your proof.
    我要求你拿出证据来。
  2. He challenged us to try again.
    他向我们挑战,要我们再试试。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • My challenge to any of the great leaders of the Christian churches..to come and debate the question of religion and free thought.

    出自:R. Lynd
  • The tremendous challenge of his post, and the problems he faced.

    出自:D. Acheson
  • The Martyrs' Memorial..an occasional challenge to the climbing skills of students.

    出自:E. Longford
  • To be challenged of unkindness.

    出自:P. Sidney

challenge的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. challenged同challenging都为形容词,前者表示“受到挑战的”,后者表示“挑战性的,激发人们思考或行动的”。
  2. 要表示“向某人挑战,和某人比试”时,用challenge sb to sth,这里介词to不改为with。

    He challenged me to a debate.
    他向我挑战,要和我比试辩论。

n.(名词)
  1. challenge用作名词的基本意思是“挑战,邀请比赛”。引申可指“具有挑战性的事物”“艰巨的任务”; 也可指对某事的正确性或合法性的“质疑”; 还可指哨兵发出的“止步命令,喝停盘问”。
  2. challenge常与介词to连用,引出挑战的对象。
  3. challenge可接动词不定式,表示“提出…的挑战”。
v.(动词)
  1. challenge用作动词的基本意思是“挑战”,指通过决斗或其他较量方式解决争端。引申指对某事的正确性、合法性提出“质疑”; 也可指“考验某人的能力”“激发某人做某事”; 还可指哨兵“喝令站住”,盘问诸如身份、姓名、意图等; 亦指“要求”“需要”。
  2. challenge是及物动词,可接名词、代词或从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. challenge后接的sb to- v 也可认为是双宾语。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the teacher gave us a challenged assignment.

    纠正:the teacher gave us a challenging assignment.

    翻译:老师给了我们一个具挑战性的任务。

    分析:这里应是要表示“具挑战性的任务”,不是“受到挑战的任务”,用challenging。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1292年入英进语,直接源自古法语的chalenge,意为争论;最初源自拉丁语的calumnia,意为诡计,花招。

challenge的相关资料:

正版词典

challenge : 流动锦标赛 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
challenge : 激发(在免 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
challenge : 挑战性;挑 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • challenge:challenge n. 挑战vt. 向...挑战习惯用语beyond challenge 无与伦比, 无可非议fling down a challenge (戏剧性地)提出挑战; 应付某种复杂的局面…

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