seize

  核心词汇  
[siːz]     [siːz]    
  • v. 抓住;夺取;利用;没收
seizable seizer seized seized seizing seizes
new

seize的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 抓住
  2. 查封
  3. 侵袭
  4. 掳获
  5. 支配
  6. 【律】依法占有
  7. 卡住
  8. 咬住
  9. 夺取
  10. 捉住
  11. 没收
  12. 扣押
  13. 利用
  14. 劫掠
  15. 掠夺
  16. 采用
  17. 【律】查封
  18. 充公
  19. 理解
  20. 掌握
  21. 占领
  22. 控制
  23. 攻占
  24. 逮捕
  25. 捉拿
  26. 俘获

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 抓住,握住; 攫取 take hold of eagerly and forcefully; grab
  2. vt. 夺取; 占领 grasp suddenly and forcefully; take into one's possession

英英释义

Verb:
  1. take hold of; grab;

    "The sales clerk quickly seized the money on the counter"
    "She clutched her purse"
    "The mother seized her child by the arm"
    "Birds of prey often seize small mammals"

  2. take or capture by force;

    "The terrorists seized the politicians"
    "The rebels threaten to seize civilian hostages"

  3. take possession of by force, as after an invasion;

    "the invaders seized the land and property of the inhabitants"
    "The army seized the town"
    "The militia captured the castle"

  4. take temporary possession of as a security, by legal authority;

    "The FBI seized the drugs"
    "The customs agents impounded the illegal shipment"
    "The police confiscated the stolen artwork"

  5. seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession;

    "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"
    "he usurped my rights"
    "She seized control of the throne after her husband died"

  6. hook by a pull on the line;

    "strike a fish"

  7. affect;

    "Fear seized the prisoners"
    "The patient was seized with unbearable pains"
    "He was seized with a dreadful disease"

  8. capture the attention or imagination of;

    "This story will grab you"
    "The movie seized my imagination"

seize的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Seize the chance, otherwise you'll regret it.
    抓住这个机会,否则你会后悔的。
  2. Before he could run away, she seized him by the collar.
    在他逃跑之前,她抓住了他的衣领。
  3. In a climate of political unrest, a dictator can often seize power.
    在动荡的政治气候下,独裁者常常能夺取政权。
  4. He would seize upon any excuse to justify himself.
    他会利用任何借口为自己辩解。
  5. They seize the drugs and arrest the people on the boats.
    他们没收毒品,逮捕船上的人。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Gill seized my hand and shook it heartily.
    吉尔突然抓住我的手,热情地和我握手。
  2. Police arrested a suspect and seized quantities of drugs.
    警察逮捕一名嫌疑犯,查获了大量毒品。
  3. The policeman seized a pickpocket on the crowded coach.
    警察在拥挤的长途汽车上抓到了一个扒手。
  4. The cat seized the bird.
    猫捉住了那只鸟。
  5. Customs officers can seize smuggled goods.
    海关人员有权没收走私货物。
  6. They seized the land and distributed it to the peasants.
    他们没收了土地并将其分给了农民。
  7. I can't quite seize your meaning.
    我不太明白你的意思。
  8. Sorry,I can't seize your meaning.Could you explain it again?
    对不起,我不理解你的意思,你能再解释一遍吗?
  9. The following day mobs seized the Parliament building.
    第二天暴徒占领了议会大厦。
  10. They seized political power.
    他们夺取了政权。
  11. The desire to be a singer had seized her.
    她一心想当歌唱家。
  12. A profound melancholy seized him.
    他产生了一种深沉的忧郁情绪。
  13. A fever seized the child.
    那孩子发烧了。
  14. Panic seizes us.
    我们惊恐万分。
  15. They seized the occasion to invite us to visit their country.
    他们抓住这个机会,邀请我们访问他们国家。
  16. You should seize every opportunity to practise English.
    你应抓住一切机会来练习英语。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. We were seized by a sudden impulse to run.
    我们身不由己突然想跑。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
seize by (v.+prep.)
    抓住某人某部位 take sb on
    seize sb by sth

    The policeman seized him by the collar.

    警察抓住了他的衣领。

    He seized me by the arm.

    他抓住了我的胳膊。

seize from (v.+prep.)
    从…夺走 take away from
    seize sth from sb

    She seized the gun from him.

    她夺走了他的枪。

seize on (v.+prep.)
    急于接受〔采纳〕 accept or adopt sth eagerly〔说明〕 seize on通常不用于进行体。
seize up (v.+adv.)
    停止运转,失灵 stop working
    seize up

    If you fail to oil the engine regularly, it could seize up without warning.

    如果你不按时给发动机上油,它就会突然失灵。

    The snowstorm was so heavy that the city's whole transport system seized up.

    暴风雪很大,该市的交通系统全部瘫痪了。

    His heart seized up and he dropped dead on the spot.

    他心脏突然停止了跳动,当场猝死。

    My joints seize up in cold weather.

    天气寒冷我的关节就不灵活。

seize with (v.+prep.)
    充分利用 use sth fully
    seize sb/sth with sth

    He was suddenly seized with an illness.

    他突然病了。

    He was writing his essay when, all of a sudden, he was seized with giddiness.

    他正在写论文,突然一阵头晕。

    He was seized with a violent attack of dysentery.

    他突然患了严重的痢疾。

    He was seized with sudden chest pains.

    他突然感到胸部疼痛。

    She was seized with panic.

    她惊慌失措。

    He was seized with a sudden desire to leave the place.

    他突然想离开这地方。

    She was seized with a sudden desire to laugh, at a most unsuitable moment in the performance.

    在演出中最不该笑的时候,她突然想笑。

    The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists.

    老人对法西斯主义者充满了仇恨。

    He was seized with burning hatred for the enemy.

    他心中这时充满了对敌人的仇恨。

    seize it with both hands

    If the government offers a new means of saving tax, we should seize it with both hands.

    如果政府提出一项新的减税法,我们就该充分利用它。

    Once he was given a chance in the firm, he seized it with both hands and is now on his way to the top.

    他曾有个在公司高升的机会,他充分利用了它,现在正青云直上。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Turkey will not fight Russia if Bessarabia is seized.

    出自: J. Colville
  • The..idea of seizing freedom by force loomed up again.

    出自: E. Bowen
  • What she had was eventually seized by the Gestapo.

    出自: P. Mailloux

seize的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. seize的基本意思是“抓住”,可指突然有力地抓住或握住某人或某物,也可指抓住机会、时机等转瞬即逝的难以捉摸的抽象事物,引申可表示领会难以理解和难以分析的内容。seize还可作“夺取”“占领”解,指出其不意地或强有力地抓住并占为己有,引申还可表示强烈的感情、愿望等突然影响或控制某人。
  2. seize作“(疾病)侵袭”解时常用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
seize, seize on〔upon〕
  • 这二者都可表示“抓住”。其区别是:
  • seize on〔upon〕比seize更强调抓得迫切和突然,此外, seize on〔upon〕还常指头脑反应敏捷与迅速。例如:
  • He quickly seized on a basic flaw in the argument that I was developing.他很快就抓住了我阐述的论点中的根本缺陷。
  • be seized by, be seized with
  • 这两个短语都可表示“抓住”。其区别是:
  • 前者常跟人体部位,表示“被抓住某部位”; 后者跟物,常用于比喻,表示“患(病)”“突然感到”。例如:
  • The thief was seized by the arm.小偷被抓住了胳膊。
  • He was seized with a cold.他突然感冒了。
  • seize, clutch, grab, grasp, snatch, take
  • 这组词都可表示“伸出手或臂去抓住某物”。其区别在于:take仅指抓住具体的东西; clutch强调匆匆忙忙、紧急、迫不及待,因而抓住的可能性较小,引申可用于思想上或情感上的把握; grab常含有庸俗和不关心他人或无视公共准则的意思; grasp的基本意思是指用手、牙齿、爪等紧紧抓住某人或某物,引申指能充分理解难以理解的东西; seize通常指突然地、有力地抓住,引申用于无形的东西时,往往强调该物在快速掠过或难以捉摸,或强调有力地、出人意料地夺取,或强调理解了难以理解或难以分析的事物; snatch强调不为人知、救人及时或动作粗暴,引申指偶然地或无准备地抓住能抓住的东西。例如:
  • She clutched at my arm as she fell.她跌倒时想要抓住我的胳臂。
  • He grabbed the coin and ran off.他抓起硬币就跑了。
  • I grasped the man by the arm.我抓住了那人的手臂。
  • He seized the gun from the robber.他从强盗手里夺过了枪。
  • The letter was snatched out of my hand before I could read it.那封信我还没来得及看就被别人从我手里拿走了。
  • seize, arrest, capture, catch
  • 这四个词都有“抓住”“抓获”的含义。它们之间的差别在于:
  • 1.arrest指官方依法对罪犯或犯罪嫌疑人予以拘捕、收审; seize指突然有力地抓住,其引申意义可指抓住转瞬即逝或难以捉摸的东西; capture强调用武力手段,克服一定的困难或抵抗后而“捕获”“抓获”,也可指竞赛中的“夺标”或在军事上对某地的“占领”; catch属常用词,多指通过追踪、武力、计谋、突然袭击等方式“抓住”某人或某物。例如:
  • The bandit was caught red-handed.
  • 这个歹徒当场被捉。
  • They seized him by force.
  • 他们用武力逮住了他。
  • The police arrested the killer and put him in prison.
  • 警察逮住了杀手,并把他关进监狱。
  • Our army captured 500 of the enemy.
  • 我军俘虏了五百个敌人。
  • 2.arrest和catch这两个词具有“吸引”的意思,其他两个词不具有此义。例如:
  • The bright lights arrested the baby's attention.
  • 明亮的灯光吸引了婴儿的注意力。
  • The unusual panelling on the walls caught my attention.
  • 墙上不同寻常的镶板引起了我的注意。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      贝蒂今天早晨忽然生病了。

      Betty was seized with suddenly an illness this morning.

      Betty was seized with an illness this morning.

      在困难情况下,我们一定要夺取更大的胜利。

      We must seize still greater victory by force in the difficult conditions.

      We must seize still greater victory in the difficult conditions.

      seize作“侵袭”解时,它本身含有“突然”的意思,所以加suddenly这类的副词是多余的。当作“夺取”解时,它本身含有“强有力”的意思,所以加by force这样一个短语也是多余的。

      警察抓住了那个小偷的手臂。

      The policeman seized the thief's arm.

      The policeman seized the thief by the arm.

      表示“抓住某人的某个部位”,通常用seize sb by sth 结构。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1265年进入英语,直接源自古法语的seisir;最初源自晚期拉丁语的sacire,意为占有,拥有。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史