employ

  核心词汇  
[ɪm'plɔɪ]     [ɪm'plɔɪ]    
  • v.雇佣;使用
employable employability employed employed employing employs
new

employ是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 雇(用),雇佣,受雇
  2. 使从事于,(使)忙于,(使)专心于
  3. 设置
  4. 安排,差遣,操持
  5. 使用,利用,采用,用
n.(名词)
  1. (为某人所)雇用,受雇,替某人工作
  2. 使用
  3. 职业,工作(现用于诗)
  4. 服务

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 雇用 give work and pay to; take on or appoint a person as a paid worker
  2. vt. 使用,利用 make use of
n.(名词)
  1. [U]雇用,受雇; 服务 employment, service
  2. [C]工作,职业 job

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
employ : 雇佣, 应( ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
employ : 雇用 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
employ : 雇用, 用, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
employ : 雇用, 用, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the state of being employed or having a job;

    "they are looking for employment"
    "he was in the employ of the city"

Verb:
  1. put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose;

    "use your head!"
    "we only use Spanish at home"
    "I can't use this tool"
    "Apply a magnetic field here"
    "This thinking was applied to many projects"
    "How do you utilize this tool?"
    "I apply this rule to get good results"
    "use the plastic bags to store the food"
    "He doesn't know how to use a computer"

  2. engage or hire for work;

    "They hired two new secretaries in the department"
    "How many people has she employed?"

employ的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. They employ casual labor to pick the fruit
    他们雇佣临时工摘水果。
  2. You must employ someone to oversee the project.
    你得雇个人监督这一工程。
  3. Why do you think we should employ you?
    你认为我们为何要雇佣你?
  4. Different artists employ different painting techniques.
    不同的画家会使用不同的绘画技巧。
  5. We employ different security techniques to protect the database.
    我们使用不同的保护措施来保护数据库。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The factory employed 600 hands.
    该工厂雇用600人。
  2. He employs three typists.
    他雇有三个打字员。
  3. They employed five waiters.
    他们雇用五个招待员。
  4. We could not employ him then.
    当时,我们不能雇用他。
  5. If you don't trust him, why do you employ him?
    如果你不信任他,那你为什么聘用他?
  6. They didn't dare to employ a good-looking girl themselves for fear of what people would say.
    他们自己不敢雇用一个漂亮的女孩子,就是因为害怕人们说闲话。
  7. This bird employs its beak as a weapon.
    这种鸟用嘴作武器。
  8. How do you employ your spare time?
    你怎么利用你的业余时间?
  9. He employs his time wisely.
    他善于利用时间。
  10. You should employ your time better.
    你应该更好地利用你的时间。
  11. They have employed none of the imported alloys in manufacturing this kind of steel.
    他们在炼制这种钢时没有用任何进口合金。
  12. He employed himself teaching English.
    他从事英语教学工作。
  13. His wife employs part of her leisure time working in their garden.
    他妻子利用空余时间在花园里干活。
  14. He employed his spare time reading novels.
    他利用空余时间读小说。
  15. 用于be ~ed结构
  16. At the moment I am employed by International Computer Co.Ltd.
    目前我在国际计算机有限公司任职。
  17. New methods of production were employed a few years ago.
    新的生产方法几年前曾使用过。
  18. You would be better employed tidying your room.
    你最好打扫一下你的房间。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n.
  1. They employed the girl as a typist.
    他们雇用那位小姐当打字员。
  2. We employ her as an English interpreter.
    我们雇用她作英语翻译。
  3. The company employed his sister as a secretary.
    那公司雇用他姐姐当秘书。
  4. The company employs Mr.Tetterman as a consultant.
    那公司雇德特曼先生当顾问。
  5. We employ English as a common language.
    我们把英语当作共同语言使用。
  6. This bird employs its beak as a weapon.
    这种鸟用嘴作武器。
  7. All the units employ hollow burned-clay blocks as the basic raw material.
    所有构件都用空心陶土砖作基本原料。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. She is employed as a bank clerk.
    她被雇用为银行职员。
  10. Richard is employed as an accountant.
    理查德被聘当会计。
  11. She is employed as a secretary in the firm.
    她在那家公司里当秘书。
  12. He once was employed as a country school-teacher.
    他曾在乡村小学任教。
  13. A hollow tube is often employed as a conductor of current.
    空心管常常用作导电体。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. He employed ten workers to sell computers.
    他雇用了十名工人卖计算机。
  2. We usually employ a knife to cut up food.
    我们常用刀切食物。
  3. We are employing a firm of architects to design a new extension.
    我们正雇用一家建筑公司去设计新增的那部分。
  4. We employed a lawyer to straighten out our legal tangle.
    我们雇了一位律师把法律纠纷理出头绪。
  5. The police employed force to open the door.
    警察破门而入。
  6. The police had to employ force to break up the crowd.
    警察不得不用武力驱散人群。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. She was employed to design an engine.
    她受雇设计一台发动机。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I left their employ after an argument.
    我与他们争吵之后就辞掉了工作。
  2. He found a good employ.
    他找到一分好差事。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
employ about (v.+prep.)
  1. 雇用 give work and pay to employ sth about sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    It is a pity that such an ability as him should be employed about such trifling matters.真可惜,像他这样有才能的人竟然被用来干这类琐事。

employ at (v.+prep.)
  1. 雇用 pay sb to work (at a particular place, or rate of pay) employ sb at sth/v-ing

    The company employs thousands of men at its car factory.这个公司在汽车厂雇用了数千名工人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Large numbers of female workers are employed at the lowest rates of pay.大批女工以最低工资受雇。

employ for (v.+prep.)
  1. 雇人干… pay sb to work at

    He employed a lot of men for the harvest. 收获季节他雇了很多人。

    He employed a gardener for the heavy digging. 他雇了一名花匠干挖土的重活。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    How long have you been employed for this job? 你被雇用干这活多久了?

    The two girls were employed for filling envelopes. 雇了两个女孩装信封。

  2. 把…用来做 use sth to do sth

    We employ aluminium for our cooking pots. 我们用铝做饭锅。

    He employed a knife for cutting the cake. 他用小刀切蛋糕。

    They employ radar for tracking planes. 他们用雷达跟踪飞机。

    He employs a pen for sketching. 他用钢笔画素描。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    That implement was employed for that purpose. 那件工具是为那个目的使用的。

    A bulldozer was employed for excavating the foundations of the building. 推土机用来给楼房挖地基。

employ in (v.+prep.)
  1. 使忙于,使从事于 be busy with sth or do-ing sth employ oneself/sth in sth/v-ing

    She employed all her free time in sewing.她把所有空闲时间都拿来做针线活。

    He employed his spare time in reading.他利用空闲时间看书。

    He employs himself in reading after work.下班以后,他把时间花在看书上。

    He is employing himself in compiling a dictionary of English idioms.他正忙于编写一本英语习语词典。

    She employed herself in writing.她从事写作。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    We should always be employed in something.我们总得干些事。

    They were employed in scientific researches.他们从事科学研究。

    More scientists are being employed in studies to develop new medicines.更多的科学家正在从事开发新药的研究。

    She was employed in watering the flowers.她忙着给花浇水。

    The children were employed in weeding the garden.孩子们正忙着给花园除草。

    She was employed in copying letters.她被雇来抄写书信。

    For a day or two we were busily employed in unpacking and laying out our property to the best advantage.我们打开行囊,布置陈设,一直忙了一两天。

    He was employed in a bank.他在一家银行工作。

用作名词 (n.)
in the employ of〔in sb's employ〕
  1. 受…雇用,在…任职 employed by

    He has been in the employ of the company for nearly forty years. 他已经受雇于这家公司将近40年了。

    He was in the employ of the government. 他在政府任职。

    At that time I was in the employ of a well-known engineering firm. 当时我受雇于一家有名的工程公司。

    The agent was in the employ of a foreign country. 那个特工人员受雇于某外国。

    She has fifty workers in her employ. 她雇用了50名工人。

    How long has she been in your employ? 你雇用她多长时间了?

    He is in Mr. Smith's employ. 他在史密斯先生处工作。

    He dismissed five workers in his employ. 他开除了5个他雇用的人。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Employ your chiefest thoughts to courtship.

    出自:Merchant of Venice,Shakespeare
  • She employed frequently all the improper words she knew.

    出自:J. G. Cozzens
  • They were going to take a leaf out of the Germans' book and employ poison gas.

    出自:C. S. Forester
  • A complicated puzzle on which to employ his wit.

    出自:A. Wilson

employ的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. employ的基本意思是利用闲散或闲置的人、物或时间,使其发挥有益的作用,常译为“雇用”“使用”“利用”“使忙于”“从事于”等。
  2. employ是及物动词,接名词或代词宾语,也可接以动词不定式或as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. employ常可接介词in,表示“把时间花在…上”。
n.(名词)
  1. employ是不可数名词,基本意思是“雇用”“受雇”“服务”,引申可指某人的工作、职业等,作此解时,是可数名词。
  2. employ前面常接介词in,表示“受…雇用”“在…任职”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
employ, hire
这两个词都有“雇用”的意思。其区别是:
1.employ表示一般意义的“雇用”某人,被雇用人工作相对稳定,有固定薪水,还可能晋升职务等,多用于政府部门、工商企业、银行、公司、团体等各种机构,如果用于私人雇用时,即讲好工作待遇,就可开始工作; hire作“雇用”解时,是美式英语或非正式的英语用法,多指用低薪雇用临时工人或进行特殊工作的人。例如:
One thousand hands are employed at this factory.这个工厂雇用1000名工人。
They employ day-labourers during the busy season.他们忙时要雇短工。
We hired a driver to take us on a tour of the city.我们雇了一个司机带我们浏览这个城市。
2.employ的宾语是人, hire的宾语可以是人,也可以是物。 例如:
The new road will employ thousands of men.修这条新路要用成千上万的人。
The store hired two more clerks for the sale.这家商店为了这次廉价销售又雇了两名店员。
During the holiday we hired a boat and went fishing.假期我们租了一条船去钓鱼。
employ, use
这两个词都可表示“用,使用”。其区别是:
1.当强调雇用、选用时用employ,强调手段或工具时用use。例如:
They employed the weapon of self-criticism.他们使用了自我批评的武器。
May I use your knife?我可以用你的刀子吗?
2.use的宾语多为具体的事物; employ的宾语多为时间、权力等抽象名词。例如:
He employed his spare time in reading.他利用空闲时间看书。
We used 20 tons of coal last winter.去年冬天我们用了20吨煤。
3.use要比employ常用。
use apply employ utilize avail exploit
这些动词均含“使用,应用”之意。
  • use:use普通用词,着重为达到某一目的而利用某人或某物。
  • apply:apply指将一事物运用于另一事物之上以发挥其有效作用。
  • employ:employ指使用处于消极状态或未被用过的人或物,可以与use换用,但强调进行选择、充分利用。
  • utilize:utilize侧重有利可图或能达到某一实际目的。书面用词。
  • avail:avail通常指使用手边或就近的人或物以有利于自己。
  • exploit:exploit强调充分利用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 17世纪60年代进入英语,直接源自法语的eempoli,意为雇用,聘。

employ的相关资料:

正版词典

employ : 雇用,使用, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】
【同义词】

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词